Nobuhiko Shinoda has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Abstract: This invention relates to cameras capable of making exposures in shutter priority, or manual and program modes. Since in the program mode the shutter time and diaphragm aperture are unequivocally determined, the computed value of shutter time is liable to exceed a limit such that effects of shaking of the operator's hand become noticeable. The present invention solves this problem by making use of the shutter dial used for selection of the shutter priority or manual mode to set the limit value. When a longer shutter time than this limit is derived, the diaphragm aperture is readjusted in accordance with this limit of shutter time and the object brightness, while the shutter is adjusted to that limit value.
Abstract: A focus detecting system detects an image formation state of an image of an object by processing a time-serial output from a photoelectric transducer element through a high-pass filter. In order to suppress the outputs from the high-pass filter corresponding to the time-serial signal at the initial moment of light reception by the photoelectric transducer element or immediately thereafter, an amplifier is provided which performs the initial setting of the high-pass filter. The input and output ends of the amplifier are connected to parts of the high-pass filter, and the output impedance of the amplifier may be changed in response to a signal from an external source.
Abstract: In the disclosed focus detecting system, the focusing condition of an objective lens relative to an object is determined by a number of pairs of radiation sensitive elements arranged in a linear array, and a number of lens elements arranged in a linear array corresponding to the linear array of the pairs of radiation sensitive elements. Each lens element is disposed so that one radiation sensitive element in each pair of radiation sensitive elements is arranged to cause one radiation sensitive element in each pair of radiation sensitive elements to receive radiation from a first portion of the objective lens and to cause the other radiation sensitive element to receive radiation from a second portion of the objective lens.
Abstract: In a photoelectric transducer device such as a solid state image pick-up device or sensor having a great number of minute photoelectric transducer elements with their image-receiving surfaces of certain shape arranged in a one-dimensional or two-dimensional manner so that brightness informations of the various individual sections of the object image are sensed by the respective photoelectric transducer elements which then produce outputs in the form of time-sequential signals, the above-described shape of the image-receiving surface area of each of the minute photoelectric transducer elements is made to be such that, as the distance from the center of the image receiving area toward the margin increases, the proportion of the area of a progressively farther concentric zone of the same width is decreased. The shape takes such a form or such characteristics as to be represented by a sampling function or other analogous functions with respect to the scanning direction of the image pick-up device.
Abstract: The invention provides a camera which uses a signal integrating and accumulating type image sensor for receiving light from a photographing optical system prior to the photographing operation and for producing an output which can be utilized for a predetermined purpose, with the integrating time of the image sensor being controlled in accordance with the output from the image sensor. According to the improvements of the present invention, the signal integrating time of the image sensor is fixed, in association with the photographing operation, at the value of that of the integrating operation just before the photographing operation.
Abstract: In the disclosed arrangement, a data set separate from a camera includes a set of sequentially actuable numeric entry keys for entering numerical data representing various camera functions into a data control device which transmits data for energizing numerical illuminators at the film plane of a camera through a connecting element.
Abstract: The disclosed control system controls the diaphragm aperture of a camera in accordance with a preselected shutter time. A diaphragm scanner produces one pulse for each change of one stop in the size of aperture opening. When the required value of the diaphragm aperture, as determined in Apex form, is a number having an integer and a decimal fraction, the diaphragm aperture is adjusted in accordance with the integer, and the shutter time is adjusted to a value obtained by factoring the decimal fraction into the preset value of shutter time. Corresponding adjustment of the shutter time assures a one-eighth-stop accuracy in exposure control despite the diaphragm aperture being varied in one-stop increments.
Abstract: Disclosed is an image sharpness detecting system in which an image formed by an image forming optical system is received by an array of a plurality of optical-electronic transducer elements, and an illumination difference in each individual minute compartment of the above-described image is detected on the basis of the concurrently obtained output signal from a corresponding one of the optical-electronic transducer elements, while all the illumination differences are summed up over the entire area of a sensing region of the above-described image, whereby is obtained a signal representing the degree of sharpness of the image on the above-described array of optical-electronic transducer elements.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a control device for camera, so designed as to sequentially control the photographing period, the release time and the release frequency in an automatic way and to print the data information on the film. The eventual abrupt change of photographic conditions is detected so as to carry out the releasing independently of the sequential control, stopping the sequential control and automatically controlling the starting time or the determination time of the sequential control.
Abstract: In the disclosed element, a number of line shaped sensors each includes a plurality of P-N junctions each of which accumulates a charge corresponding to the amount of light incident thereon. A number of registers, one for each sensor, each defines addresses coupled to respective P-N junctions of the corresponding sensor to have the charge accumulated on each P-N junction transferred to the respective address in each register so that time sequential signals can be obtained from each register. A collection register has an address coupled to each of the other registers to store the time sequential output signals so that the stored signals can be read out sequentially. A gate arrangement connecting the output of the first registers to each address controls the time interval during which the time sequential signals of the first registers are transferred to the accumulating register.
Abstract: The present invention concerns with a so-called program-controlled camera where only one different combination of diaphragm aperture and shutter time value is determined based on a different object brightness. Particularly in the program-controlled camera where the object brightness is measured at the full open aperture and then combined with the preset value of film speed to derive a difference between the full open aperture and the effective diaphragm value, in accordance with which the shutter time is controlled while the diaphragm is adjusted to that effective value, a device is provided for carrying out a program shift in automatic response to the full open aperture value of the interchangeable lens used in the camera.
Abstract: A focus detecting system for detecting focusing condition of an image forming optical system to an object. In this system there are produced first and second signals corresponding to imaging conditions of object images at first and second positions on front and rear sides of and at substantially equal distances from a predetermined focal plane of said optical system, respectively, and another signal corresponding to imaging condition of an object image at third position substantially coincident with said predetermined focal plane. In accordance with these first, second and third signals, a decision is given as to the focusing condition, namely, in-focus, near-focus or far-focus condition, as well as, the distinction between correctly focused condition and considerably defocused condition.
Abstract: In the disclosed camera, an exposure value determining arrangement produces an electrical signal in response to a light measuring facility and a film sensitivity setting device. An exposure factor unit determines a combination of shutter speed and aperture value for a proper exposure in response to the exposure value determining arrangement. A control connected to the exposure factor unit varies the combination of exposure factors in the exposure factor unit in response to the set position of a program constant setting arrangement which is set for a particular program constant.
Abstract: A focal point detection system for detecting the focus adjusting state of an image forming lens during its focusing operation on an object is disclosed. The system comprises a focus detection circuit which produces a detection output that varies with focusing of the lens on the object; a plurality of display elements are provided for display of the focusing state of the lens; and a display control circuit which enables the display elements to display a greater number of focusing states than the number of these display elements through selective combinations of these elements on the basis of the output of the focus detection circuit. The system is capable of displaying intermediate focusing states such as a slightly near-focus state, a slightly far-focus state, and the like in addition to in-focus, near-focus, and far-focus states, so that the focusing state can be displayed stepwise in a detailed manner.
Abstract: The disclosed camera is focused manually with a helicoidally movable lens barrel and fine focused automatically by movement of the lens mount along the lens' optical axis. The lens mount is automatically started at a predetermined position, such as a mid position, in its movable range, and the automatic operation is disabled when the mount reaches either limit of its movable range.
Abstract: In the disclosed photographic exposure control system, an exposure mechanism generates at least one controllable exposure parameter for regulating the exposure of a photosensitive material. A coding circuit is set to produce digital signals corresponding to at least one photographic value. A control device between the coding circuit and the exposure mechanism calculates the exposure parameter and controls the coding circuit. The coded values are then suitably displayed to the photographer.
Abstract: In the display system disclosed, a manually operated switching arrangement sets a display circuit, which displays data in response to a data signal from a data circuit, either into a display mode or a non-display mode. A control arrangement controls the display of the display circuit independently of the switching arrangement and produces a display signal automatically when a display operation is necessary. A warning circuit sets the display circuit into the display state independent of the switching means for displaying warning data instead of display data.
Abstract: The present invention refers to a system for digitally indicating the digital input information, and particularly for avoiding the flickering of the indication state of the indication means in case the input information varies. The system includes a control means for conveying the digital input information to the indication means periodically to update the content of the indication means at the end of a determined period. When input information varies excessively, it is detected and immediately conveyed to the indication means independently of the update at the end of the determined period. Accordingly, the system is quite efficient as an indication system for a continuously varying input information.
Abstract: An exposure control device is disclosed which has an extremely high accuracy as compared with the prior art, the error range being within a one-eighth step. For such a highly accurate control of exposure time, a value of exposure time to be determined is converted to a binary code of n bits, of which the lowest one bit is weighed one-eighth step. Based on the decimal number corresponding to the upper m bits of the binary code, the frequency of the control signal is adjusted and is used in reading out the lower (n-m) bits of the same binary code, whereby the period of actuation of the shutter is determined.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a system for exposure measurement and/or focus detection by means of image senser such as photo diode array (MOS image senser), CCD (charge coupled devices) consisting of a plural number of adjacently disposed respectively integrated fine light sensing elements whereby the image pattern of the object is scanned purely electrically in such a manner that the then obtained output of each light sensing element is converted into a digital value one after another for processing.