Patents by Inventor Pasi Saarikko

Pasi Saarikko has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10809585
    Abstract: A Pancharatnam Berry Phase (PBP) liquid crystal structure for adjusting or focusing light of a plurality of color channels emitted by a display of a head-mounted display (HMD) comprises a plurality of PBP active elements. Each PBP active element of the structure is configured to act as a half waveplate for light of a corresponding color channel, such that light of the corresponding color channel is adjusted by a predetermined amount. In addition, each PBP active element acts as a one waveplate for light of the remaining color channels, such that light of the remaining color channels passes through the PBP active element substantially unaffected. As such, the PBP structure is able to adjust incident light of the plurality of color channels uniformly in an apochromatic fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Lu Lu, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Scott Charles McEldowney, Pasi Saarikko
  • Patent number: 10809537
    Abstract: A waveguide display is used for presenting media to a user. The waveguide display, includes a light source, a projection assembly (PA), a source waveguide (SW), and an output waveguide (OW). The light source emits light, the PA reshapes the wavefront of the light and the SW receives the light from the PA, expands the light in a first dimension and outputs the expanded light. The SW has an adjustable curvature along the first dimension expanding the light with a curved wavefront. The OW receives the expanded light emitted from the SW, expands the expanded light in a second dimension orthogonal to the first dimension to form image light and outputs the image light. The wavefront curvature from the light source, the curvature of the OW along the second dimension and the curvature of the SW control a location of an image plane of the image light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Kyle Justin Curts, Pasi Saarikko
  • Patent number: 10789782
    Abstract: A near-eye display (NED) has an orientation detection device and a display block. The orientation detection device collects orientation data that describe an orientation of the NED. The display block has a display assembly, a focusing assembly, and a controller. The controller determines an orientation vector of the NED based in part on the orientation data and computes an angular difference between the orientation vector of the NED and a gravity vector. After comparing the angular difference to a threshold value, the controller generates multifocal instructions that adjusts the optical element to display an augmented scene at the selected image plane corresponding to the multifocal instructions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Lu Lu, Ji Luo, Nicholas Daniel Trail, Kevin James MacKenzie, Pasi Saarikko, Andrew John Ouderkirk, Scott Charles McEldowney
  • Publication number: 20200292851
    Abstract: A pupil-replicating waveguide suitable for operation with a coherent light source is disclosed. A waveguide body has opposed surfaces for guiding a beam of image light. An out-coupling element is disposed in an optical path of the beam for out-coupling portions of the beam at a plurality of spaced apart locations along the optical path. Electrodes are coupled to at least a portion of the waveguide body for modulating an optical path length of the optical path of the beam to create time-varying phase delays between the portions of the beam out-coupled by the out-coupling element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2020
    Publication date: September 17, 2020
    Inventors: Andrew Maimone, Andrew Ouderkirk, Hee Yoon Lee, Ningfeng Huang, Maxwell Parsons, Scott Charles McEldowney, Babak Amirsolaimani, Pasi Saarikko, Wanli Chi, Giuseppe Calafiore, Alexander Koshelev, Barry David Silverstein, Lu Lu, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Gang Li, Stephan Lutgen, Francois Olivier, David Massoubre
  • Patent number: 10769975
    Abstract: A waveguide display includes a source assembly, an output waveguide, and a controller. The source assembly includes a light source and an optics system. The light source includes source elements arranged in a 1D or 2D array that emit image light. The optics system includes a scanning mirror assembly that scans the image light to particular locations based on scanning instructions. The output waveguide receives the scanned image light from the scanning mirror assembly and outputs an expanded image light. In some embodiments, the waveguide display includes a source waveguide and the 1D array of source elements. The source waveguide receives a conditioned image light from the source assembly. The controller generates the scanning instructions and provides the scanning instructions to the scanning mirror assembly. In some embodiments, the controller provides the scanning instructions to an actuator assembly of the source waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Wanli Chi, Pasi Saarikko, Hee Yoon Lee
  • Patent number: 10761330
    Abstract: A waveguide display includes a first substrate and one or more grating layers on a first surface of the first substrate. The one or more grating layers are configured to cause destructive interference between ambient light diffracted by at least two grating layers or between ambient light diffracted by different portions of one grating layer. In some embodiments, the waveguide display also includes an angular-selective transmissive layer. The angular-selective transmissive layer is configured to reflect, diffract, or absorb ambient light incident on the angular-selective reflective layer with an incidence angle greater than a threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Hee Yoon Lee, Ningfeng Huang, Eric Fest, Pasi Saarikko, Erik Shipton, Giuseppe Calafiore
  • Publication number: 20200271936
    Abstract: An optical waveguide is provided. The optical waveguide includes a base structure and a plurality of grating structures disposed at the base structure. The grating structures include a plurality of in-coupling grating structures configured to couple a plurality of lights into the optical waveguide. At least one of a grating period or a slant angle of a first in-coupling grating structure is different from at least one of a corresponding grating period or a corresponding slant angle of a second in-coupling grating structure. The grating structures also include a plurality of out-coupling grating structures configured to couple the lights out of the optical waveguide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2020
    Publication date: August 27, 2020
    Inventors: Matthieu Charles Raoul LEIBOVICI, Pasi SAARIKKO
  • Patent number: 10725291
    Abstract: A waveguide is provided for conveying image light. The waveguide includes an input port for receiving a first beam of image light carrying an image in a wavelength band. A first diffraction grating of the waveguide includes a plurality of volume Bragg gratings (VBGs) configured to expand the first beam along a first axis and to redirect the first beam towards a second diffraction grating of the waveguide. The second diffraction grating includes a plurality of VBGs configured to receive the first beam from the first diffraction grating and to out-couple different portions of the first wavelength band of the first beam along a second axis, thereby expanding the first beam along the second axis for observation of the image by a user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Wanli Chi, Hee Yoon Lee, Pasi Saarikko
  • Publication number: 20200225479
    Abstract: A waveguide display includes a substrate transparent to visible light, a coupler configured to couple display light into the substrate such that the display light propagates within the substrate through total internal reflection, a first multiplexed volume Bragg grating (VBG) on the substrate, and a second multiplexed VBG on the substrate. The second multiplexed VBG overlaps with the first multiplexed VBG in at least a see-through region of the waveguide display. The first multiplexed VBG is configured to diffract the display light to two or more regions of the second multiplexed VBG, and the second multiplexed VBG is configured to diffract the display light to two or more regions of an eyebox of the waveguide display.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2019
    Publication date: July 16, 2020
    Inventors: Wanli CHI, Hee Yoon LEE, Pasi SAARIKKO
  • Patent number: 10705401
    Abstract: A Pancharatnam Berry Phase (PBP) liquid crystal structure for adjusting or focusing light of a plurality of color channels emitted by a display of a head-mounted display (HMD) comprises a plurality of PBP active elements. Each PBP active element of the structure is configured to act as a half waveplate for light of a corresponding color channel, such that light of the corresponding color channel is adjusted by a predetermined amount. In addition, each PBP active element acts as a one waveplate for light of the remaining color channels, such that light of the remaining color channels passes through the PBP active element substantially unaffected. As such, the PBP structure is able to adjust incident light of the plurality of color channels uniformly in an apochromatic fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Lu Lu, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Scott Charles McEldowney, Pasi Saarikko
  • Patent number: 10705353
    Abstract: A pupil-replicating waveguide suitable for operation with a coherent light source is disclosed. A waveguide body has opposed surfaces for guiding a beam of image light. An out-coupling element is disposed in an optical path of the beam for out-coupling portions of the beam at a plurality of spaced apart locations along the optical path. Electrodes are coupled to at least a portion of the waveguide body for modulating an optical path length of the optical path of the beam to create time-varying phase delays between the portions of the beam out-coupled by the out-coupling element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Andrew Maimone, Andrew Ouderkirk, Hee Yoon Lee, Ningfeng Huang, Maxwell Parsons, Scott Charles McEldowney, Babak Amirsolaimani, Pasi Saarikko, Wanli Chi, Giuseppe Calafiore, Alexander Koshelev, Barry David Silverstein, Lu Lu, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Gang Li, Stephan Lutgen, Francois Olivier, David Massoubre
  • Patent number: 10705341
    Abstract: A waveguide display includes a source assembly, an output waveguide, and a controller. The source assembly includes a light source and an optics system. The light source includes source elements arranged in a 1D or 2D array that emit image light that is temporally incoherent and spatially coherent. In some embodiments, the light source includes an array of superluminous LEDs, an array of laser diodes, an array of resonant cavity LEDs, or some combination thereof. The optics system includes a scanning assembly that scans the image light to particular locations based on scanning instructions. The output waveguide receives the scanned image light from the scanning assembly and outputs an expanded image light. The controller generates the scanning instructions and provides the scanning instructions to the light source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Maxwell Parsons, Wanli Chi, Yijing Fu, Hee Yoon Lee, James Ronald Bonar, Pasi Saarikko, Scott Charles McEldowney
  • Patent number: 10690930
    Abstract: A Pancharatnam Berry Phase (PBP) color corrected structure is presented that comprises a plurality of switchable gratings and a plurality of PBP active elements. Each switchable grating has an inactive mode when reflects light of a specific color channel, of a set of color channels, and transmits light of other color channels in the set of color channels, wherein the specific color channel is different for each of the plurality of switchable gratings, and to have an active mode to transmit light that is inclusive of the set of color channels. The PBP active elements receive light output from at least one of the plurality of switchable gratings. Each of the PBP active elements is configured to adjust light of a different color channel of the set of color channels by a same amount to output light corrected for chromatic aberration for the set of color channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Lu Lu, Scott Charles McEldowney, Nada O'Brien, Pasi Saarikko
  • Patent number: 10690919
    Abstract: A waveguide display includes a light source, a scanning mirror assembly, an output waveguide, and a controller. The light source emits image light. The scanning mirror assembly scans the image light as scanned image light to particular locations in accordance with scanning instructions. The output waveguide includes an input area and an output area. The output waveguide receives the scanned image light emitted from the scanning mirror assembly at the input area, and output expanded image light from a portion of the output area, the location of the portion of the output area based in part on a direction of the scanned image light output from the scanning mirror assembly. The controller generates the scanning instructions and provides the scanning instructions to the scanning mirror assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: Facebook Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Yijing Fu, Wanli Chi, Pasi Saarikko, Xinqiao Liu, Hee Yoon Lee, Maxwell Parsons
  • Publication number: 20200192130
    Abstract: A pupil-replicating waveguide suitable for operation with a coherent light source is disclosed. A waveguide body has opposed surfaces for guiding a beam of image light. An out-coupling element is disposed in an optical path of the beam for out-coupling portions of the beam at a plurality of spaced apart locations along the optical path. Electrodes are coupled to at least a portion of the waveguide body for modulating an optical path length of the optical path of the beam to create time-varying phase delays between the portions of the beam out-coupled by the out-coupling element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2018
    Publication date: June 18, 2020
    Inventors: Andrew Maimone, Andrew Ouderkirk, Hee Yoon Lee, Ningfeng Huang, Maxwell Parsons, Scott Charles McEldowney, Babak Amirsolaimani, Pasi Saarikko, Wanli Chi, Giuseppe Calafiore, Alexander Koshelev, Barry David Silverstein, Lu Lu, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Gang Li, Stephan Lutgen, Francois Olivier, David Massoubre
  • Patent number: 10663734
    Abstract: A wearable image display system includes a headpiece, a first and a second light engine, and a first and a second optical component. The first and second light engines generate a first and a second set of beams respectively, each beam substantially collimated so that the first and second set form a first and a second virtual image respectively. Each optical component is located to project an image onto a first and a second eye of a wearer respectively. The first and second sets of beams are directed to incoupling structures of the first and second optical components respectively. Exit structures of the first and second optical components guide the first and second sets of beams onto the first and second eyes respectively. The optical components are located between the light engines and the eyes. Both of the light engines are mounted to a central portion of the headpiece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventors: Tapani Levola, Pasi Saarikko, Steven John Robbins, Yarn Chee Poon, Lena Adele Wolfe, Erica Lee Towle
  • Publication number: 20200142202
    Abstract: A waveguide display is used for presenting media to a user. The waveguide display includes light source assembly, an output waveguide, and a controller. The light source assembly includes one or more projectors projecting an image light at least along one dimension. The output waveguide includes a waveguide body with two opposite surfaces. The output waveguide includes a first grating receiving an image light propagating along an input wave vector, a second grating, and a third grating positioned opposite to the second grating and outputting an expanded image light with wave vectors matching the input wave vector. The controller controls the scanning of the one or more source assemblies to form a two-dimensional image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2020
    Publication date: May 7, 2020
    Inventors: Hee Yoon Lee, Wanli Chi, Pasi Saarikko
  • Publication number: 20200117005
    Abstract: A waveguide is provided for conveying image light carrying an image having a field of view. The waveguide includes first and second input ports for receiving first and second beams of image light carrying first and second portions, respectively, of the field of view of the image. A diffraction grating of the waveguide is configured to expand the first and second beams along a first axis. The first and second beams are out-coupled from the waveguide for observation of the first and second portions of the field of view of the image by a user.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Publication date: April 16, 2020
    Inventors: Wanli Chi, Hee Yoon Lee, Pasi Saarikko
  • Publication number: 20200116996
    Abstract: A waveguide display includes a display projector for emitting polychromatic image light, and a waveguide assembly for transmitting image light to an exit pupil. The waveguide assembly includes two or more waveguides disposed in a stack, each having an in-coupler aligned with the other in-couplers and an offset out-coupler aligned with the other out-couplers. The assembly is configured so that at least one color channel of the image light propagates to the exit pupil along at least two waveguides. A method for selecting the waveguides of the stack to suppress color channel splitting at the exit pupil is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2018
    Publication date: April 16, 2020
    Inventors: Hee Yoon Lee, Ningfeng Huang, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Pasi Saarikko
  • Publication number: 20200116997
    Abstract: A waveguide display includes a display projector for emitting polychromatic image light, and a waveguide assembly for transmitting image light to an exit pupil. The waveguide assembly includes two or more waveguides disposed in a stack, each having an in-coupler aligned with the other in-couplers and an offset out-coupler aligned with the other out-couplers. The assembly is configured so that at least one color channel of the image light propagates to the exit pupil along at least two waveguides. A method for selecting the waveguides of the stack to suppress color channel splitting at the exit pupil is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2018
    Publication date: April 16, 2020
    Inventors: Hee Yoon Lee, Ningfeng Huang, Wai Sze Tiffany Lam, Pasi Saarikko