Patents by Inventor Richard K. Karlquist

Richard K. Karlquist has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20150049782
    Abstract: A thermal substitution power measurement system includes an electromechanically-resonant temperature sensor, a temperature measurement circuit coupled to the temperature sensor, an RF power source, and a power controller. The temperature sensor has a temperature-dependent resonance at a first frequency. The temperature measurement circuit generates a temperature signal dependent on the first frequency. The RF power source delivers to the temperature sensor a controllable level of RF power at a second frequency corresponding to a resonance of the temperature sensor and outputs a measure of the RF power delivered to the temperature sensor. The power controller operates in response to the temperature signal to control the RF power delivered to the temperature sensor to maintain the temperature signal constant notwithstanding variations in external power input to the temperature sensor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 8933706
    Abstract: An apparatus comprises: a first oscillator; a second oscillator; a first frequency synthesizer configured to receive a first input from the first oscillator and to provide a scaled first output frequency based on the first input; a second frequency synthesizer configured to receive a second input from the second oscillator and to provide a scaled second output frequency based on the second input; a mixer configured to receive the scaled first output frequency and the scaled second output frequency and to output a difference between the scaled first output frequency and the scaled second output frequency; and a processor configured to determine a change in an output frequency of the first oscillator based on the difference. The change in the output frequency provides an indication of a change in a measurement parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Keysight Technologioes, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 8718590
    Abstract: A downconverter mixes a first comb spectrum with a local oscillator signal to generate a second comb spectrum in a lower frequency range. The first comb spectrum comprises frequency components separated from each other according to a frequency spacing interval, and the LO signal has a frequency offset relative to the first comb spectrum, where the frequency offset is a rational fraction of the frequency spacing interval. The second comb spectrum comprises lower and upper sideband responses corresponding to respective lower and upper sideband signals of the first comb spectrum. The lower and upper sideband responses in the second comb spectrum can be distinguished from each other based on the frequency offset.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 8483318
    Abstract: A split-band system for processing a broadband input signal is disclosed. A signal divider divides the input signal into at least a higher frequency band and a lower frequency band. The lower frequency band is processed in a lower frequency circuit path. The higher frequency band is processed in a higher frequency circuit path. The higher frequency circuit path has a group delay equal to the lower frequency circuit path. A signal combiner combines the processed lower frequency band and the processed higher frequency band into an output signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K Karlquist
  • Publication number: 20100109799
    Abstract: A split-band system for processing a broadband input signal is disclosed. A signal divider divides the input signal into at least a higher frequency band and a lower frequency band. The lower frequency band is processed in a lower frequency circuit path. The higher frequency band is processed in a higher frequency circuit path. The higher frequency circuit path has a group delay equal to the lower frequency circuit path. A signal combiner combines the processed lower frequency band and the processed higher frequency band into an output signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2008
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Inventor: Richard K Karlquist
  • Patent number: 7245683
    Abstract: A substantially passive implementation of a clock recovery circuit may be employed to reduce or eliminate the amount of jitter added to the recovered clock by the recovery circuitry. NRZ data may be received in differential form (i.e., a separate NRZ signal and an inverted NRZ signal are received). The inverted NRZ data may be delayed by one-half of a unit interval with respect to the NRZ data by a delay element. The NRZ data and the delayed NRZ data may be combined by a broadband combiner (e.g., a resistive adder). The combined signal may be split into two signals. The two split signals may be rectified by suitable components. One of the limited split signals may be subtracted from the other limited split signal to generate an output signal. The generated output signal then possesses a spectral component at a clock frequency of the NRZ data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Assignee: Avago Technologies General IP (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 7176447
    Abstract: An electro-optic delay line frequency discriminator has an optical signal source providing first and second optical signals that are directed along first and second paths, respectively. In the first path, the first optical signal is converted to a first corresponding optical signal that corresponds to an electrical input signal, and the first corresponding optical signal is then delayed. In the second path, the second optical signal is delayed, and the delayed second optical signal is then converted to a second corresponding optical signal that corresponds to the electrical input signal. The first and second corresponding optical signals are converted to first and second corresponding electrical signals, respectively; and a detector, responsive to the first and second corresponding electrical signals, provides an electrical output signal from the discriminator. Optical source relative intensity noise (RIN) is canceled out and does not degrade the signal-to-noise ratio of the discriminator output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K Karlquist
  • Patent number: 7177380
    Abstract: A substantially passive implementation of a clock recovery circuit may be employed to reduce or eliminate the amount of jitter added to the recovered clock by the recovery circuitry. NRZ data may be received in differential form (i.e., a separate NRZ signal and an inverted NRZ signal are received). The inverted NRZ data may be delayed by one-half of a unit interval with respect to the NRZ data by a delay element. The NRZ data and the delayed NRZ data may be combined by a broadband combiner (e.g., a resistive adder). The combined signal may be split into two signals. The two split signals may be rectified by suitable components. One of the limited split signals may be subtracted from the other limited split signal to generate an output signal. The generated output signal then possesses a spectral component at a clock frequency of the NRZ data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Assignee: Avago Technologies General IP (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 7173995
    Abstract: In one embodiment, the present invention is directed to a system for processing a data stream. The system comprises: a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) that generates a VCO signal in response to a tuning signal; a phase detector that generates an error signal that is indicative of a phase difference between a data signal and the VCO signal; a first filter that filters a reference signal that is indicative of an occurrence of a data transition; a second filter that filters the error signal, wherein the first filter and second filter are low-pass filters that possess a bandwidth that approximately equals one half of the reciprocal of: a unit interval multiplied by a maximum run length; and a divider circuit that divides the filtered error signal by the filtered reference signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2007
    Assignee: Avago Technologies General IP (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 7106227
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for synchronizing multiple-stage multiplexers are disclosed. According to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, multiplexer circuits in the multiple-stage multiplexer are synchronized based upon a frequency response of the output of the multiplexer. The power level of the output of the multiple-stage multiplexer is measured at a frequency corresponding to the input data rate of the multiple-stage multiplexer, during the time a test pattern is sent through the multiple-stage multiplexer. In an exemplary embodiment of the invention, the multiple-stage multiplexer is placed in substantially random states until the measured power level reaches the predetermined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 7095989
    Abstract: A frequency translating device (FTD) includes at least one mixer diode connected to down-convert a radio frequency (RF) to an intermediate frequency (IF) and to up-convert an IF to an RF and a source of direct current (DC) bias that is connected to the mixer diode. The source of DC bias provides DC bias to the mixer diode that moves the voltage applied to the mixer diode closer to the threshold voltage of the mixer diode. The mixer diode is turned on in response to the DC bias and a local oscillator (LO) drive. Because DC bias is applied to the mixer diode, the peak to peak voltage range of the LO drive can be reduced, thereby reducing the voltage-dependent capacitance of the mixer diode, causing the FTD to exhibit improved reciprocity. The FTD can be used in a three-pair measurement system to determine the conversion response of another FTD.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 6865345
    Abstract: A frequency translating device (FTD) includes at least one light-activated resistor (LAR) connected to down-convert a radio frequency (RF) to an intermediate frequency (IF) and to up-convert an IF to an RF and a source of modulated light that is optically connected to the LAR. The source of modulated light is modulated in response to a local oscillator (LO) and the LAR is activated in response to the modulated light. Modulated light can be generated from a light source and an LO by, for example, directly modulating the light source, modulating a transmission switch that blocks the transmission of light to the LAR, or modulating a light path switch. The LAR-based FTD can be used as a reciprocal FTD to characterize another FTD in a three-pair measurement system. An FTD may include more than one LAR to form, for example, single-balanced and double-balanced LAR-based FTDs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2005
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 6831491
    Abstract: Tracking error in phase locked loop (PLL) devices is addressed utilizing feed-forward phase modulation. Specifically, the phase difference of the reference signal and said oscillator signal of a PLL may be determined utilizing a phase detector. The output of the phase detector may be provided to a loop filter to provide feedback to the VCO of the PLL. Additionally, the filtered phase difference may be provided to a suitably calibrated phase modulator to add an amount of phase modulation to the oscillator signal that is approximately equal and opposite to said phase difference to generate a corrected phase output signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 6823466
    Abstract: A circuit and method are disclosed for adjusting the clock skew in a synchronous system. The circuit and method include initially applying an offset voltage to a data input of a device in the system. Next, the clock skew between a device and a data source providing data thereto is adjusted to approximately 180 degrees, by selecting the clock skew resulting in an approximately maximum DC offset appearing at the output of the device. Thereafter, the clock skew is shifted from approximately 180 degrees to the desired clock skew amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Publication number: 20040202267
    Abstract: A substantially passive implementation of a clock recovery circuit may be employed to reduce or eliminate the amount of jitter added to the recovered clock by the recovery circuitry. NRZ data may be received in differential form (i.e., a separate NRZ signal and an inverted NRZ signal are received). The inverted NRZ data may be delayed by one-half of a unit interval with respect to the NRZ data by a delay element. The NRZ data and the delayed NRZ data may be combined by a broadband combiner (e.g., a resistive adder). The combined signal may be split into two signals. The two split signals may be rectified by suitable components. One of the limited split signals may be subtracted from the other limited split signal to generate an output signal. The generated output signal then possesses a spectral component at a clock frequency of the NRZ data.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2003
    Publication date: October 14, 2004
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Publication number: 20040203435
    Abstract: Discovery and mapping of network nodes in a peer-to-peer network. Network nodes in a peer-to-peer network are discovered and mapped by sending out queries at varying power levels and recording acknowledgments including a quality-of-service metric from the acknowledging node.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Publication date: October 14, 2004
    Inventors: Richard K. Karlquist, Ken A. Nishimura, Jerry J. Liu, Matthew Johnson, Michael C. Higgins, Robert T. Martin
  • Publication number: 20040202481
    Abstract: Representative embodiments are directed to systems and methods that recover a clock from optical NRZ data. A first photodetector and a second photodetector are connected in series across complementary power supplies. The first photodetector is illuminated with the optical NRZ data. The second photodetector is illuminated with a delayed version of the optical NRZ data. A resistor may provide a path from a node between the photodetectors to ground. By utilizing the delayed version to illuminate the second photodetector, current is only conducted through the resistor when a data transition occurs. Furthermore, suitable rectifying structure may be employed to combine positive and negative pulses to form an output signal. The output signal possesses a spectral component at the frequency of the clock. I The output signal may be filtered to recover the clock associated with the received NRZ data.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2003
    Publication date: October 14, 2004
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 6781534
    Abstract: A modulation domain divider is disclosed that causes the divider output to be attenuated when the divisor input falls below the divisor threshold. Attenuation is accomplished by implementing the divider in the modulation domain and substituting an unmodulated signal for the normal modulated signal when the divisor is below the threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 6765519
    Abstract: A computation circuit operates in the modulation domain to generate a signal having phase modulation proportional to the ratio of the dividend (numerator) signal to the divisor (denominator) signal. The phase modulated signal may be demodulated by a phase demodulator to produce a baseband quotient signal. The divisor signal maintains inverse proportional control of the modulation gain of the modulator by varying the carrier injection level, resulting in higher bandwidth and accuracy, and lower drift and offset compared to traditional analog computation techniques. The circuit may contain all linear components, even though the division function is a non-linear function. The circuit and method operate when the input signals are analog or both are in the modulation domain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist
  • Patent number: 6765435
    Abstract: In embodiment, the present invention is directed to a PLL phase demodulator that utilizes feed-forward error correction. The feed-forward error correction may occur by calibrating an equalizer to possess transfer function that emulates the modulation response curve of the VCO of the PLL phase demodulator. In operation, the equalizer may receive the filtered and integrated version of the error signal produced by the phase detector of the PLL. The equalizer filters the received signal according to the calibrated transfer function. The output of the equalized is provided to a adder to combine the equalized signal with the error signal produced by the phase detector. A similar arrangement including a suitably calibrated equalizer may be utilized to address phase tracking error in a PLL frequency demodulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard K. Karlquist