Patents by Inventor Robert I. Rudko

Robert I. Rudko has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 6595987
    Abstract: A heart-synchronized pulsed laser system includes a laser; means for sensing the contraction and expansion of a beating heart to be synchronized with the laser; means, responsive to the means for sensing, for generating a trigger pulse; means for positioning the leading edge of the trigger pulse; means for positioning the leading edge of the trigger pulse during the contraction and expansion cycle of the heartbeat; means for defining the width of the trigger pulse to occur during the heartbeat cycle; and means responsive to the trigger pulse for firing the laser to strike the beating heart at the time indicated by the trigger pulse position and for the period indicated by the width of the trigger pulse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles C. Negus, Robert I. Rudko, Stephen J. Linhares, Stephen M. Perez
  • Patent number: 6592576
    Abstract: A myocardial revascularization system that includes a laser energy source (e.g., a semiconductor laser), an outer guide member providing access to a patient's heart, and an optical fiber. The optical fiber is coupled to receive laser energy pulses from the source, is slidably located within the guide member, and is extendible from the distal end of the guide member. A drive motor is connected to the fiber to automatically move the distal end of the optical fiber with respect to the distal end of the guide member. A controller controls the drive motor to automatically move the fiber in synchronism with firing of the laser energy, and automatically calibrates the position of the distal end of the fiber with respect to the distal end of the catheter. The fiber has, at its tip, an enlargened portion with a front surface coated with a heat absorbing material that is nonmetallic and is partially transparent to the pulses. The outer guide member is 7 French or smaller and has a deflectable distal end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert R. Andrews, Robert I. Rudko, Richard P. Yeomans, Jr., Italo J. DeSantis, Weslaw Gronek
  • Patent number: 6464693
    Abstract: A myocardial revascularization system that includes a laser energy source (e.g., a semiconductor laser), an outer guide member providing access to a patient's heart, and an optical fiber. The optical fiber is coupled to receive laser energy pulses from the source, is slidably located within the guide member, and is extendible from the distal end of the guide member. A drive motor is connected to the fiber to automatically move the distal end of the optical fiber with respect to the distal end of the guide member. A controller controls the drive motor to automatically move the fiber in synchronism with firing of the laser energy, and automatically calibrates the position of the distal end of the fiber with respect to the distal end of the catheter. The fiber has, at its tip, an enlargened portion with a front surface coated with a heat absorbing material that is nonmetallic and is partially transparent to the pulses. The outer guide member is 7 French or smaller and has a deflectable distal end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2002
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert R. Andrews, Robert I. Rudko, Richard P. Yeomans, Jr., Italo J. DeSantis, Weslaw Gronek
  • Patent number: 6461351
    Abstract: An energy delivery system for performing myocardial revascularization on a heart of a patient including an energy pulse source that produces energy pulses sufficient to create channels in a wall of a heart, and an energy pulse delivery system connected to receive the energy pulses and deliver the energy pulses to desired locations for channels in the wall of the heart. Also disclosed are a sensor that senses a cyclical event related to the contraction and expansion of the beating heart; a controller responsive to the sensor for automatically firing the energy pulse system to provide energy to strike the beating heart only within a safe time period during a heart beat cycle; RF electrical or laser energy pulses; a temperature sensor to avoid damage caused by overheating adjacent heart tissue; a thermal conductivity cooling system; and programmably adjusting duty cycle, duration and amplitude of energy pulses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Eileen A. Woodruff, Robert R. Andrews, Richard Yeomans, Stephen J. Linhares, Robert I. Rudko
  • Publication number: 20020107510
    Abstract: Cardiac laser surgery apparatus including a CO2 slab laser, and a laser delivery system for delivering laser pulses from the laser to a patient's heart.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2001
    Publication date: August 8, 2002
    Inventors: Robert R. Andrews, Lawrence P. Brodsky, Richard P. Yeomans, Italo J. Desantis, Roger D. Dowd, Alan S. Kujawski, Richard M. Morrell, Charles Christopher Negus, Robert I. Rudko
  • Publication number: 20020032437
    Abstract: A myocardial revascularization system that includes a laser energy source (e.g., a semiconductor laser), an outer guide member providing access to a patient's heart, and an optical fiber. The optical fiber is coupled to receive laser energy pulses from the source, is slidably located within the guide member, and is extendible from the distal end of the guide member. A drive motor is connected to the fiber to automatically move the distal end of the optical fiber with respect to the distal end of the guide member. A controller controls the drive motor to automatically move the fiber in synchronism with firing of the laser energy, and automatically calibrates the position of the distal end of the fiber with respect to the distal end of the catheter. The fiber has, at its tip, an enlargened portion with a front surface coated with a heat absorbing material that is nonmetallic and is partially transparent to the pulses. The outer guide member is 7 French or smaller and has a deflectable distal end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Inventors: Robert R. Andrews, Robert I. Rudko, Richard P. Yeomans, Italo J. DeSantis, Weslaw Gronek
  • Patent number: 6287297
    Abstract: An energy delivery system for performing myocardial revascularization on a heart of a patient including an energy pulse source that produces energy pulses sufficient to create channels in a wall of a heart, and an energy pulse delivery system connected to receive the energy pulses and deliver the energy pulses to desired locations for channels in the wall of the heart. Also disclosed are a sensor that senses a cyclical event related to the contraction and expansion of the beating heart; a controller responsive to the sensor for automatically firing the energy pulse system to provide energy to strike the beating heart only within a safe time period during a heart beat cycle; RF electrical or laser energy pulses; a temperature sensor to avoid damage caused by overheating adjacent heart tissue; a thermal conductivity cooling system; and programmably adjusting duty cycle, duration and amplitude of energy pulses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Eileen A. Woodruff, Robert R. Andrews, Richard Yeomans, Stephen J. Linhares, Robert I. Rudko
  • Patent number: 6241665
    Abstract: A percutaneous mapping system includes a mapping wire, for percutaneous insertion into an internal body cavity, having a plurality of spaced imaging markers; and an insertion device for deploying the mapping wire in a spiral configuration inside the cavity with the markers distributed about the inner wall of the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: PLC Medical System, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles Christopher Negus, Robert R. Andrews, Stephen J. Linhares, Robert I. Rudko, Eileen A. Woodruff
  • Patent number: 6132422
    Abstract: A handpiece for use in transmyocardial revascularization heart-synchronized pulsed laser system includes a barrel having a passage for transmitting a laser beam; a surface at the distal end of the barrel for contacting the wall of the heart; an aperture located at the distal end of the barrel and the enlarged surface for transmitting the laser beam; and means for focusing the laser beam proximate to the aperture to vaporize the tissue of the heart wall and create a hole to the interior heart chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert I. Rudko
  • Patent number: 6113587
    Abstract: A handpiece for a medical laser system comprising a barrel for having a passage for transmitting a laser beam and a contacting wall on one end of said barrel including an aperture in communication with the passage, a solid face extending radially outward from the aperture to the periphery of said contacting wall, and a knurled surface on the face for preventing movement of the contacting wall with respect to the heart wall during surgery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles C. Negus, Robert I. Rudko, Stephen J. Linhares, Stephen M. Perez
  • Patent number: 6030377
    Abstract: A system and method of marking percutaneous transmyocardial revascularization channels in a human heart includes inserting a catheter system into the left ventricle of a heart, applying tissue ablative energy through the catheter to create a channel into the heart wall, and introducing an imaging medium to the heart wall proximate the channel for marking the position of that channel for imaging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 29, 2000
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen J. Linhares, Charles Christopher Negus, Robert I. Rudko, Eileen A. Woodruff
  • Patent number: 5897550
    Abstract: A sensor system for detecting concealed blood vessels including a handpiece having a passage for transmitting a laser beam and a detector housing at the distal end of the handpiece, the housing including a common electrode, a plurality of segmented electrodes spaced from the common electrode and between the common electrode and the segmented electrodes a plurality of four sensitive elements having an electrical characteristic which varies with the force applied; and an indicator device responsive to variations in the electrical characteristic for representing the presence of a concealed vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles Christopher Negus, Robert I. Rudko, Stephen J. Linhares, Eileen A. Woodruff
  • Patent number: 5893848
    Abstract: A gauging system for monitoring channel depth in percutaneous endocardial revascularization surgery includes a catheter for percutaneous insertion into a heart chamber, including a source of tissue ablative energy for ablating a part of the wall of the heart chamber where a channel is to be created; a sensor device proximate the distal end of the catheter for sensing a boundary of the heart wall proximate the channel; and a detection circuit, responsive to the sensor device, for determining the position of the terminus of the channel in the heart chamber; alternatively, a mechanical stop extending radially beyond the distal tip may be used for physically limiting penetration of the catheter tip into the drilled channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1999
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles Christopher Negus, Stephen J. Linhares, Robert I. Rudko, Eileen A. Woodruff
  • Patent number: 5832929
    Abstract: A video assisted thoracoscopic transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) surgical method includes making at least two spaced incision ports between the ribs of a patient proximate the patient's heart; inserting through one of the ports a thoracoscopic TMR handpiece assembly for creating a channel through the heart wall; inserting through the other incision port a thoracoscope connected to a video display system; viewing the heart of the patient through the video display system and positioning the handpiece assembly relative to the heart; and actuating the handpiece assembly to create a channel through the wall of the patient's heart.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert I. Rudko, Stephen J. Linhares, Charles Christopher Negus
  • Patent number: 5830210
    Abstract: A catheter navigation apparatus includes a catheter system for percutaneous insertion into an internal organ cavity. The catheter system includes a treatment catheter and a navigation catheter; the navigation catheter includes a deployable framework at its distal end; the treatment catheter includes at least one conduit extending from its proximal to its distal end; the conduit having its distal end engaged with the framework; the navigation catheter includes a flexible link interconnecting the framework with a control mechanism at the proximal end of the navigation catheter for driving the link to deploy and retract the framework to guide the distal tip of the treatment catheter to target one or more selected positions on the inner wall of the organ cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert I. Rudko, Charles Christopher Negus, Stephen J. Linhares, Eileen A. Woodruff
  • Patent number: 5724975
    Abstract: An ultrasonic detection system for transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) is disclosed using a detector in the TMR handpiece for detecting concealed coronary blood vessels as well as verifying completion of transmural TMR channels by displaying the detector's output on a video monitor or analyzing the detector output electronically to identify those conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1998
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles Christopher Negus, Eileen A. Woodruff, Robert I. Rudko, Stephen J. Linhares
  • Patent number: 5685857
    Abstract: A thoracoscopic cannula system includes a cannula having an enlarged limiter flange and an elongated hollow tube for insertion between the ribs of a thoracic patient; the tube includes first and second opposed concave recesses for snap-fitting and interlocking with the adjacent ribs to securely anchor it; and an introducer including an elongated member slidably received in the hollow tube with a stop flange at one end to limit movement of the introducer through the tube and a beveled, blunted surface at the other end for gently penetrating and leading the cannula through an incision between the ribs of the patient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1997
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles Christopher Negus, Robert I. Rudko, Stephen J. Linhares
  • Patent number: 5509822
    Abstract: A unitary ECG monitor lead and needle electrode system includes a connector for connection to an ECG monitor junction; an electrode lead interconnected with the connector at one end of the electrode lead, the lead including a signal conductor; and a needle electrode unit interconnected with the other end of the electrode lead and including a needle electrode, a body portion for receiving the other end of the lead and for receiving an electrode needle, for forming the needle electrode unit as a single integral unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1996
    Assignee: PLC Medical Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles C. Negus, Stephen J. Linhares, Robert I. Rudko
  • Patent number: 5200604
    Abstract: A proximity detector for the probe of a beam delivery apparatus of a laser system includes a probe having a face for confronting a target surface to be struck by the laser beam; means for directing a gauging light to the target surface; means for sensing the gauging light returning from the target surface to the probe; and means responsive to the means for sensing for generating a control signal representative of the position of the probe relative to the surface to enable the laser system to fire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1993
    Assignee: Laser Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert I. Rudko, Stephen J. Linhares
  • Patent number: 5125924
    Abstract: A heart-synchronized vacuum-assisted pulsed laser technique generates a valve control signal in response to the ECG of a beating heart which is to be synchronized with the laser; the valve control signal is applied to a valve to open it and permit laser gas to be delivered to the gas inlet of the laser assisted by the draw from a vacuum source at the gas outlet of the laser, to produce a predetermined range of laser gas pressure in the laser; the valve control signal is ceased after the predetermined range of laser gas pressure has been reached to end the gas flow through the laser and enable the rebuilding of the vacuum in the vacuum source; and a laser firing signal is generated to fire the laser when the laser gas pressure is in the predetermined range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1992
    Assignee: Laser Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert I. Rudko