Patents by Inventor Russell Reed, Jr.

Russell Reed, Jr. has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 6805760
    Abstract: This invention relates to energetic compositions, which offer increased performance in conjunction with a total absence of hydrogen chloride in the combustion products. The formulation avoids the use of halogen based oxidizers to prevent the formation of halogen based byproducts. The formulations disclosed herein use ammonium dinitramide as a primary oxidizer, which is a more energetic molecule than ammonium perchlorate. The solid propellant formulations disclosed herein comprise about 5 to about 10 weight % of at least one energetic binder, about 20 to about 35 weight % of an energetic plasticizer; about 25 to about 45 weight % of ammonium dinitramide as a primary oxidizer; about 0 to about 20 weight % of particulate aluminum having a particle size of about 1 &mgr;m to about 60 &mgr;m; and about 0 to about 20 weight % of ultrafine aluminum having a particle size of less than 1 &mgr;m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., David A. Ciaramitaro
  • Patent number: 6613168
    Abstract: This invention relates to energetic compositions, which offer increased performance in conjunction with a total absence of hydrogen chloride in the combustion products. The formulation avoid the use of halogen based oxidizers to prevent the formation of halogen based byproducts. The formulations disclosed herein use ammonium dinitramide as a primary oxidizer, which is a more energetic molecule than ammonium perchlorate. The solid propellant formulations disclosed herein comprise about 5.0 to about 10.0 weight % of at least one energetic binder; about 20.0 to about 35.0 weight % of an energetic plasticizer; about 25.0 to about 45.0 weight % of ammonium dinitramide as a primary oxidizer; about 0.0 to about 20.0 weight % of particulate aluminum having a particle size of about 1 &mgr;m to about 60 &mgr;m; and about 0.0 to about 20.0 weight % of ultrafine aluminum having a particle size of less than 1 &mgr;m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., David A. Ciaramitaro
  • Publication number: 20030024617
    Abstract: This invention relates to energetic compositions, which offer increased performance in conjunction with a total absence of hydrogen chloride in the combustion products. The formulation avoid the use of halogen based oxidizers to prevent the formation of halogen based byproducts. The formulations disclosed herein use ammonium dinitramide as a primary oxidizer, which is a more energetic molecule than ammonium perchlorate. The solid propellant formulations disclosed herein comprise about 5.0 to about 10.0 weight % of at least one energetic binder; about 20.0 to about 35.0 weight % of an energetic plasticizer; about 25.0 to about 45.0 weight % of ammonium dinitramide as a primary oxidizer; about 0.0 to about 20.0 weight % of particulate aluminum having a particle size of about 1 &mgr;m to about 60 &mgr;m; and about 0.0 to about 20.0 weight % of ultrafine aluminum having a particle size of less than 1 &mgr;m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Publication date: February 6, 2003
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., David A. Ciaramitaro
  • Patent number: 6103029
    Abstract: Polyethers containing pendant azide groups are cured without a catalyst by yclo-addition with diacetylenes to form triazole cross-linked, energetic binders having improved mechanical properties and stability. The polyethers typically have three hydroxy-terminated chains each of about 5000 to about 50,000 daltons. Ideally, only one azide group per chain reacts by cyclo-addition since the diacetylene is added in a proportion of about one molecule to each two polyether chains. Repeating units of glycidal azide, azidomethylmethyloxetane, bis-azidomethyloxetane/nitratomethylmethyloxetane, and bis-azidomethyloxetane/azidomethylmethyloxetane are believed effective as polyethers when used with the diethynlbenzenes 1,4-bis(ethynl)benzene, 1,4-bis(ethynlcarbonyl)benzene, and 1,3-bis(cyanoethynl)benzene. The polyethers may be further cross-liked at the hydroxyl terminations by urethane bonds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Russell Reed, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5756006
    Abstract: A substantially inert composition has mechanical properties simulating corresponding properties of an energetic composition which may include a nitrate ester and may include a particulate organic energetic filler. A nitrate ester is replaced by a mixture of inert materials having densities less than and more than the density of the ester and present in proportions such that the mixture has substantially the density of the ester. A particulate energetic organic filler is replaced by a particulate inert organic chlorine derivative having substantially the same density. When the ester is 1,2,4-butanetriol trinitrate, which may function as a plasticizer in an elastomeric energetic composition, the less dense material is a non-volatile ester, such as dimethyl phthalate, and the more dense material includes a bromoaromatic derivative as in a mixture of pentabromodiphenyl ether and an aryl phosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., Vicki Lynn Brady
  • Patent number: 5600089
    Abstract: Elastomers having a polyurethane binder are formed from a mixture including tetrastar polyethylene oxide polyol with a molecular weight of at least 16000 daltons and a plasticizer present in a ratio of at least five parts by weight to one part of the polyol and provide high tensile strength, extreme elongation, great flexibility, and absence of voids. Energetic elastomers use a nitrate ester plasticizer with a curative having a functionality of at least three and an NCO/OH equivalent ratio of about 2.5 and may include an energetic particulate filler. Inert elastomers use a non-volatile ester plasticizer, as dimethyl phthalate, with a curative having a functionality of two and an NCO/OH equivalent ratio not over 2.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1997
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., Vicki L. Brady
  • Patent number: 5520826
    Abstract: A flame extinguishing pyrotechnic which flamelessly deflagrates to produce rimarily nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and a fluoroolefin. The flame extinguishing characteristic is achieved by reducing the content of oxygen proximate the deflagration as well as through the flame suppressing properties of particular fluoroolefins. The pyrotechnic composition contains an azido binder such as glycidyl azide polymer (GAP), an azido plasticizer, a solid tetrazole, and a perfluorocarboxylic acid salt. This composition is cured to a rubbery composite by the addition of an isocyanate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1996
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., Vicki L. Brady
  • Patent number: 5092945
    Abstract: The invention describes a composition and a process for making void free id propellants for rockets. This is accomplished by adding amino silanes and dimer diepoxide to GAP binder and deflagrating additive and then curing it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., May L. Chan
  • Patent number: 5067996
    Abstract: Castable and elastomeric explosive compositions containing 82-85% HMX in ypropylene-polyethylene type polyurethane binder systems comprising at least 20% 3-5 .mu.HMX and an endothermically pyrolyzable binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1977
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Norman H. Lundstrom, Russell Reed, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5061330
    Abstract: A cast cured propellant and explosive with a higher volume percentage of ymer resulting in improved mechanical and safety properties is made from glycidyl azide polymer, an energetic plasticizer and HMX or RDX. Aluminum powder can also be added.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., May L. Chan
  • Patent number: 5061329
    Abstract: High nitrogen smoke compositions capable of rapid dispersion of smoke dyes nd capable of low temperature deflagration. Some compositions are capable of flameless deflagration in air. Compositions include pressed mixtures of 5,5'-bitetrazole and smoke dyes such as red, green, or yellow dyes. Other compositions include cast cured mixtures of azido binders such as glycidyl azide polymer and dyes, some of these compositions also including 5,5'-biterazole or an ammonium salt of 5-nitraminotetrazole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., May L. Chan
  • Patent number: 5053086
    Abstract: Gas generant compositions comprised of a high nitrogen content solid and an nergetic polymer, which release high levels of nitrogen and minimum levels of toxic and flammable gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Ronald A. Henry, Russell Reed, Jr., May L. Chan
  • Patent number: 5049213
    Abstract: A high energy, thermally stable plastic bonded explosive comprising HMX, a lasticizer and a fluoroalkyl acrylate or urethane fluorocarbon binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: May L. Chan, Russell Reed, Jr., Herb G. Gollmar, Carl Gotzmer, Robert C. Gill
  • Patent number: 5042385
    Abstract: A flame inhibitor coating for application to those surfaces of a solid prllant grain in a rocket motor where burning is not desired such as the aft end of a perforated propellant grain which includes a barrier layer of a mixture of amine silane, a trialkoxypropylsilylamino prepolymer, and diglycidylether of polypropylene glycol, an epoxy applied to the grain surface and allowed to cure to a polysiloxane layer, and a flame inhibitor layer applied over the barrier layer consisting of a mixture of hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene and dimeryl diisocyanate with flake aluminum which is applied over the barrier layer and allowed to cure. The barrier layer prevents migration of nitrate esters from the solid propellant grain to the flame inhibitor layer thus preventing peeling and reduction of flame inhibiting properties. The polysiloxane barrier layer is also useful in itself as a flame inhibitor and can also be employed between the insulator/liner of the rocket motor and the solid propellant grain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., May L. Chan
  • Patent number: 4799980
    Abstract: An improved multifunctional polyalkylene oxide binder is obtained by tailoring the cross-linking with a multifunctional polyol having a functionality of 3 or more and a molecular weight from about 12,000 to about 27,000 daltons. The binder is useful in forming castable propellants and plastic-bonded explosive compositions having high tensile strength and elongation and low volume dilatation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1989
    Inventor: Russell Reed, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4601344
    Abstract: A gas generating composition containing glycidyl azide polymer and a high trogen content additive selected from the group consisting of guanylaminotetrazole nitrate, bis(triaminoguanidinium)5,5'azotetrazole, ammonium 5-nitraminotetrazole and high bulk density nitro guanidine generates large quantities of nitrogen gas upon burning and can be used to extinguish fires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 22, 1986
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., May L. Chan, Kenneth L. Moore
  • Patent number: 4445948
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an improved explosive TNT based composit consisting of TNT, HDX, RDX, aluminum and a small amount of an elastomeric linear polymer having polar groups dissolved or dispersed throughout, said composition having improved properties. Such improved properties include: reduced cracking and exudation, improved friction sensitivity, sympathetic detonation and enhanced cook-off hazard properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1984
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Horace D. Stanton, Russell Reed, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4445947
    Abstract: A low cost infrared flare composition which uses a high molecular weight fluorinated resin, a low molecular weight fluorinated resin, a polymerizing solvent, and an initiator to form a binder which is combined with a reducing agent to yield a composition readily processable into various grain shapes and varying degrees of hardness thereby providing more consistent burning rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1984
    Assignee: Thiokol Corporation
    Inventors: Graham C. Shaw, III, Russell Reed, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4392895
    Abstract: A solid ramjet fuel composition comprising a hydroxyl-terminated or carbo-terminated fluorocarbon binder, a polybutadiene prepolymer, a curative cross-linking compound, and a metal selected from the group consisting of aluminum, zirconium, amorphous boron or magnesium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1983
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., George W. Burdette, Gary W. Meyers, William R. Vuono
  • Patent number: H367
    Abstract: A dye smoke which burns efficiently and without flame consisting essentia of a hydroxyl terminated polybutadiene binder, the biuret trimer of hexamethylene diisocyanate curative, a leucoquinizarin dye referred to as 1,4,9,10-tetrahydroxyanthracene, and ammonium iodate oxidizer. The leucoquinizarin dye is oxidized and iodinated resulting in the iodoanthraquinone derivatives which produce the colored smoke.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Russell Reed, Jr., Jawaharlal Ramnarace