Patents by Inventor Shih-Chang Chang

Shih-Chang Chang has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 11495176
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a display and a sensor under the display. The display may include pixels having emission transistors that are controlled by emission signals. The emission signals are controlled using a pulse width modulation (PWM) scheme to control the brightness of the display. The emission signals may further include a localized sensor blackout pulse configured to generate a localized sensor blackout region that overlaps with the sensor to reduce any undesired back emission of light emitted from the display. The sensor blackout pulse may be automatically generated periodically or generated in an on-demand basis once per frame, multiple times per frame time, or once every multiple frames. Any luminance degradation caused by the sensor blackout pulse may be compensated by boosting the luminance and/or by extending the duration of each emission on pulse.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2021
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Cheng-Chih Hsieh, Abbas Jamshidi Roudbari, Shih Chang Chang, Shyuan Yang, Ting-Kuo Chang, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Warren S. Rieutort-Louis
  • Patent number: 11462163
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels each of which has a light-emitting diode such as an organic light-emitting diode. A drive transistor and an emission transistor may be coupled in series with the light-emitting diode of each pixel between a positive power supply and a ground power supply. The pixels may include first and second switching transistors. A data storage capacitor may be coupled between a gate and source of the drive transistor in each pixel. Signal lines may be provided in columns of pixels to route signals such as data signals, sensed drive currents from the drive transistors, and predetermined voltages between display driver circuitry and the pixels. The switching transistors, emission transistors, and drive transistors may include semiconducting-oxide transistors and silicon transistors and may be n-channel transistors or p-channel transistors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2021
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Chin-Wei Lin, Hung Sheng Lin, Shih Chang Chang, Shinya Ono
  • Patent number: 11417709
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels. Each pixel may have a light-emitting diode such as an organic light-emitting diode. The organic light-emitting diodes may each have an anode that is coupled to a thin-film transistor pixel circuit for controlling the anode. Transparent windows may be formed in the display. The windows may be formed by replacing data storage capacitors and other pixel circuit structures in a subset of the pixels with transparent window structures, by selectively removing portions of light-emitting diode anodes, and by shifting anodes. An array of electrical components such as an array of light sensors may be aligned with the transparent windows and may be used to measure light passing through the transparent windows.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Minhyuk Choi, Rui Liu, Cheng Chen, Chin-Wei Lin, Sang Y. Youn, Shih Chang Chang, Tsung-Ting Tsai
  • Publication number: 20220181418
    Abstract: A display may include an array of pixels. Each pixel in the array includes an organic light-emitting diode coupled to associated semiconducting oxide transistors. The semiconducting oxide transistors may exhibit different device characteristics. Some of the semiconducting oxide transistors may be formed using a first oxide layer formed from a first semiconducting oxide material using first processing steps, whereas other semiconducting oxide transistors are formed using a second oxide layer formed from a second semiconducting oxide material using second processing steps different than the first processing steps. The display may include three or more different semiconducting oxide layers formed during different processing steps.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2021
    Publication date: June 9, 2022
    Inventors: Jung Yen Huang, Shinya Ono, Chin-Wei Lin, Akira Matsudaira, Cheng Min Hu, Chih Pang Chang, Ching-Sang Chuang, Gihoon Choo, Jiun-Jye Chang, Po-Chun Yeh, Shih Chang Chang, Yu-Wen Liu, Zino Lee
  • Publication number: 20220114962
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels each of which has a light-emitting diode such as an organic light-emitting diode. A drive transistor and an emission transistor may be coupled in series with the light-emitting diode of each pixel between a positive power supply and a ground power supply. The pixels may include first and second switching transistors. A data storage capacitor may be coupled between a gate and source of the drive transistor in each pixel. Signal lines may be provided in columns of pixels to route signals such as data signals, sensed drive currents from the drive transistors, and predetermined voltages between display driver circuitry and the pixels. The switching transistors, emission transistors, and drive transistors may include semiconducting-oxide transistors and silicon transistors and may be n-channel transistors or p-channel transistors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2021
    Publication date: April 14, 2022
    Inventors: Chin-Wei Lin, Hung Sheng Lin, Shih Chang Chang, Shinya Ono
  • Publication number: 20220069067
    Abstract: In some examples, an integrated circuit comprises a substrate; a first metal layer and a second metal layer positioned above the substrate; a first composite dielectric layer located on the first metal layer, wherein the first composite dielectric layer comprises a first anti-reflective coating; a second composite dielectric layer positioned on the second metal layer, wherein the second composite dielectric layer comprises a second anti-reflective coating; and a capacitor metal layer disposed over the first composite dielectric layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2021
    Publication date: March 3, 2022
    Inventors: Poornika FERNANDES, David Matthew CURRAN, Stephen Arlon MEISNER, Bhaskar SRINIVASAN, Guruvayurappan S. MATHUR, Scott William JESSEN, Shih Chang CHANG, Russell Duane FIELDS, Thomas Terrance LYNCH
  • Publication number: 20220052148
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels. Display driver circuitry may supply data and control signals to the pixels. Each pixel may have seven transistors, a capacitor, and a light-emitting diode such as an organic light-emitting diode. The seven transistors may receive control signals using horizontal control lines. Each pixel may have first and second emission enable transistors that are coupled in series with a drive transistor and the light-emitting diode of that pixel. The first and second emission enable transistors may be coupled to a common control line or may be separately controlled so that on-bias stress can be effectively applied to the drive transistor. The display driver circuitry may have gate driver circuits that provide different gate line signals to different rows of pixels within the display. Different rows may also have different gate driver strengths and different supplemental gate line loading structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2021
    Publication date: February 17, 2022
    Inventors: Cheng-Ho Yu, Chin-Wei Lin, Shyuan Yang, Ting-Kuo Chang, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Warren S. Rieutort-Louis, Shih-Chang Chang, Yu Cheng Chen, John Z. Zhong
  • Publication number: 20220037374
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a display having an array of display pixels on a substrate. The display pixels may be organic light-emitting diode display pixels or display pixels in a liquid crystal display. In an organic light-emitting diode display, hybrid thin-film transistor structures may be formed that include semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors, silicon thin-film transistors, and capacitor structures. The capacitor structures may overlap the semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors. Organic light-emitting diode display pixels may have combinations of oxide and silicon transistors. In a liquid crystal display, display driver circuitry may include silicon thin-film transistor circuitry and display pixels may be based on oxide thin-film transistors. A single layer or two different layers of gate metal may be used in forming silicon transistor gates and oxide transistor gates. A silicon transistor may have a gate that overlaps a floating gate structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2021
    Publication date: February 3, 2022
    Inventors: Vasudha Gupta, Jae Won Choi, Shih Chang Chang, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Young Bae Park
  • Patent number: 11232748
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels each of which has a light-emitting diode such as an organic light-emitting diode. A drive transistor and an emission transistor may be coupled in series with the light-emitting diode of each pixel between a positive power supply and a ground power supply. The pixels may include first and second switching transistors. A data storage capacitor may be coupled between a gate and source of the drive transistor in each pixel. Signal lines may be provided in columns of pixels to route signals such as data signals, sensed drive currents from the drive transistors, and predetermined voltages between display driver circuitry and the pixels. The switching transistors, emission transistors, and drive transistors may include semiconducting-oxide transistors and silicon transistors and may be n-channel transistors or p-channel transistors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Chin-Wei Lin, Hung Sheng Lin, Shih Chang Chang, Shinya Ono
  • Patent number: 11233113
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels. Display driver circuitry may supply data and control signals to the pixels. Each pixel may have seven transistors, a capacitor, and a light-emitting diode such as an organic light-emitting diode. The seven transistors may receive control signals using horizontal control lines. Each pixel may have first and second emission enable transistors that are coupled in series with a drive transistor and the light-emitting diode of that pixel. The first and second emission enable transistors may be coupled to a common control line or may be separately controlled so that on-bias stress can be effectively applied to the drive transistor. The display driver circuitry may have gate driver circuits that provide different gate line signals to different rows of pixels within the display. Different rows may also have different gate driver strengths and different supplemental gate line loading structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2022
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Cheng-Ho Yu, Chin-Wei Lin, Shyuan Yang, Ting-Kuo Chang, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Warren S. Rieutort-Louis, Shih-Chang Chang, Yu Cheng Chen, John Z. Zhong
  • Patent number: 11225098
    Abstract: A system of assessing performance of a photocuring light source includes a photocuring light source unit, a light source control unit, a sensing unit, and a computer unit. The light source unit produces light rays on a work platform of a printing machine. The light source control unit is electrically coupled to and controls the light source unit. The sensing unit is disposed proximally to the light source unit to detect power of the light rays from the light source unit. The computer unit is electrically coupled to the sensing unit and the light source control unit to control the light source unit and record the power of the light rays and operating period of the light source unit. A combination having the system is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2022
    Assignee: PRINTING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Shih-Chang Chang, Chia-Bin Chueh, Kang-Yu Liu, Yen-Ping Wang
  • Patent number: 11182286
    Abstract: A high-performance data storage device is disclosed. A non-volatile memory stores a logical-to-physical address mapping table that maps logical addresses recognized by a host to a physical space in the non-volatile memory. The logical-to-physical address mapping table is divided into a plurality of sub mapping tables. A memory controller utilizes temporary storage when controlling the non-volatile memory. The memory controller plans a sub mapping table area in the temporary storage to store sub mapping tables corresponding to a plurality of nodes which are linked and managed by multiple linked lists.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2021
    Assignee: SILICON MOTION, INC.
    Inventors: Jian-Yu Chen, Bo-Yan Jhan, Yuh-Jang Lo, Shih-Chang Chang
  • Patent number: 11177291
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a display having an array of display pixels on a substrate. The display pixels may be organic light-emitting diode display pixels or display pixels in a liquid crystal display. In an organic light-emitting diode display, hybrid thin-film transistor structures may be formed that include semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors, silicon thin-film transistors, and capacitor structures. The capacitor structures may overlap the semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors. Organic light-emitting diode display pixels may have combinations of oxide and silicon transistors. In a liquid crystal display, display driver circuitry may include silicon thin-film transistor circuitry and display pixels may be based on oxide thin-film transistors. A single layer or two different layers of gate metal may be used in forming silicon transistor gates and oxide transistor gates. A silicon transistor may have a gate that overlaps a floating gate structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2021
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Osawa, Kyung-Wook Kim, Ming-Chin Hung, Shih Chang Chang, Yu-Cheng Chen
  • Patent number: 11171200
    Abstract: In some examples, an integrated circuit comprises a substrate; a first metal layer and a second metal layer positioned above the substrate; a first composite dielectric layer located on the first metal layer, wherein the first composite dielectric layer comprises a first anti-reflective coating; a second composite dielectric layer positioned on the second metal layer, wherein the second composite dielectric layer comprises a second anti-reflective coating; and a capacitor metal layer disposed over the first composite dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Poornika Fernandes, David Matthew Curran, Stephen Arion Meisner, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Guruvayurappan S. Mathur, Scott William Jessen, Shih Chang Chang, Russell Duane Fields, Thomas Terrance Lynch
  • Publication number: 20210305350
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a display having display pixels formed in an active area of the display. The display further includes display driver circuitry for driving gate lines that are routed across the display. A hole such as a through hole, optical window, or other inactive region may be formed within the active area of the display. Multiple gate lines carrying the same signal may be merged together prior to being routed around the hole to help minimize the routing line congestion around the border of the hole. Dummy circuits may be coupled to the merged segment portion to help increase the parasitic loading on the merged segments. The hole may have a tapered shape to help maximize the size of the active area. The hole may have an asymmetric shape to accommodate multiple sub-display sensor components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2021
    Publication date: September 30, 2021
    Inventors: Warren S. Rieutort-Louis, Abbas Jamshidi Roudbari, Yuchi Che, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Jiun-Jye Chang, Shih Chang Chang, Ting-Kuo Chang
  • Patent number: 11121263
    Abstract: Display panels with hydrogen trap layers are described. The hydrogen trap layers may be incorporated into a variety of locations to getter or block hydrogen diffusion into the semiconductor oxide layer of an oxide transistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Jehun Lee, Ching-Sang Chuang, Hirokazu Yamagata, Jiun-Jye Chang, Kenny Kim, Po-Chun Yeh, Shih Chang Chang, Ting-Kuo Chang
  • Patent number: 11101337
    Abstract: An organic light-emitting diode display may have thin-film transistor circuitry formed on a substrate. The display and substrate may have rounded corners. A pixel definition layer may be formed on the thin-film transistor circuitry. Openings in the pixel definition layer may be provided with emissive material overlapping respective anodes for organic light-emitting diodes. A cathode layer may cover the array of pixels. A ground power supply path may be used to distribute a ground voltage to the cathode layer. The ground power supply path may be formed from a metal layer that is shorted to the cathode layer using portions of a metal layer that forms anodes, may be formed from a mesh shaped metal pattern, may have L-shaped path segments, and may include laser-deposited metal on the cathode layer. Data lines may be formed from metal layers in the active area to accommodate the rounded corners of the display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2021
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yuchi Che, Warren S. Rieutort-Louis, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Abbas Jamshidi Roudbari, Jiun-Jye Chang, Ting-Kuo Chang, Shih Chang Chang, Chin-Wei Lin, Stephen S. Poon, Cheng-Ho Yu, ChoongHo Lee, Doh-Hyoung Lee, Vasudha Gupta, Younggu Lee
  • Patent number: 11080203
    Abstract: High performance data storage device is disclosed, which has a memory controller dynamically updating mapping information on the temporary storage to manage physical space information mapped to a logical address recognized by a host. The memory controller uses a first bit to an Nth bit of the physical space information to indicate a physical space of the non-volatile memory or a cache address of the data cache space, without using additional bits to map the physical space information to the non-volatile memory or the data cache space, where N is a number greater than one. Among numbers formed by the first to the Nth bit, the memory controller uses numbers corresponding to non-existent physical space of the non-volatile memory to map the physical space information to the non-volatile memory or the data cache space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: SILICON MOTION, INC.
    Inventors: Yang-Chih Shen, Shih-Chang Chang
  • Publication number: 20210225890
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a display having an array of display pixels on a substrate. The display pixels may be organic light-emitting diode display pixels or display pixels in a liquid crystal display. In an organic light-emitting diode display, hybrid thin-film transistor structures may be formed that include semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors, silicon thin-film transistors, and capacitor structures. The capacitor structures may overlap the semiconducting oxide thin-film transistors. Organic light-emitting diode display pixels may have combinations of oxide and silicon transistors. In a liquid crystal display, display driver circuitry may include silicon thin-film transistor circuitry and display pixels may be based on oxide thin-film transistors. A single layer or two different layers of gate metal may be used in forming silicon transistor gates and oxide transistor gates. A silicon transistor may have a gate that overlaps a floating gate structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2021
    Publication date: July 22, 2021
    Inventors: Hiroshi Osawa, Kyung-Wook Kim, Ming-Chin Hung, Shih Chang Chang, Yu-Cheng Chen
  • Publication number: 20210225283
    Abstract: A display may have an array of pixels each of which has a light-emitting diode such as an organic light-emitting diode. A drive transistor and an emission transistor may be coupled in series with the light-emitting diode of each pixel between a positive power supply and a ground power supply. The pixels may include first and second switching transistors. A data storage capacitor may be coupled between a gate and source of the drive transistor in each pixel. Signal lines may be provided in columns of pixels to route signals such as data signals, sensed drive currents from the drive transistors, and predetermined voltages between display driver circuitry and the pixels. The switching transistors, emission transistors, and drive transistors may include semiconducting-oxide transistors and silicon transistors and may be n-channel transistors or p-channel transistors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2021
    Publication date: July 22, 2021
    Inventors: Chin-Wei Lin, Hung Sheng Lin, Shih Chang Chang, Shinya Ono