Patents by Inventor Stephen Michael Laird

Stephen Michael Laird has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10677058
    Abstract: The invention provides a fluid working machine comprising: a crankshaft (2) which is rotatable about an axis of rotation (3); adjacent first and second groups (5, 6, 8, 10) of valve cylinder devices (13) spaced from each other about the axis of rotation (3), one or each of the first and second groups (5, 6, 8, 10) of valve cylinder devices having first, second and third valve cylinder devices (13) arranged about and extending outwards with respect to the crankshaft (2), the first and third valve cylinder devices being axially offset from each other, the second valve cylinder device being axially offset from the first and third valve cylinder devices and the second valve cylinder device being offset from the first and third valve cylinder devices about the axis of rotation, wherein the second valve cylinder device has an axial extent which overlaps with the axial extent of one, or the axial extents of both, of the first and third valve cylinder devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignees: Danfoss Power Solutions GMBH & Co. OHG, Artemis Intelligent Power Ltd.
    Inventors: Alexis Dole, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Patent number: 10605079
    Abstract: The invention provides a fluid working machine comprising: a crankshaft (2) which is rotatable about an axis of rotation (3); adjacent first and second groups (5, 6, 8, 10) of valve cylinder devices (13) spaced from each other about the axis of rotation (3), one or each of the first and second groups (5, 6, 8, 10) of valve cylinder devices having first, second and third valve cylinder devices (13) arranged about and extending outwards with respect to the crankshaft (2), the first and third valve cylinder devices being axially offset from each other, the second valve cylinder device being axially offset from the first and third valve cylinder devices and the second valve cylinder device being offset from the first and third valve cylinder devices about the axis of rotation, wherein the second valve cylinder device has an axial extent which overlaps with the axial extent of one, or the axial extents of both, of the first and third valve cylinder devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignees: Danfoss Power Solutions GMBH & Co. OHG, Artemis Intelligent Power Ltd.
    Inventors: Alexis Dole, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Patent number: 9828986
    Abstract: A method of measuring a property of entrained gas in a hydraulic liquid received by a working chamber of a fluid working motor, wherein the said property is determined from the period of time elapsing between the closure of a first valve to isolate the working chamber and the passive opening of a second valve to bring the working chamber into fluid communication with a manifold. The property may, for example, be related to the concentration of entrained gas in the received hydraulic liquid or the compressibility or bulk modulus of the received hydraulic fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2017
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Patent number: 9797393
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a working chamber of cyclically varying volume, high and low pressure manifolds, and high and low pressure valves for regulating the flow of fluid between the working chamber and the high and low pressure manifolds respectively. A controller actively controls at least one said valve to determine the net displacement of working fluid of the working chamber on a cycle by cycle basis. At least one said valve is a variable timing valve and the controller causes the valve to open or close at a time determined taking into account one or more properties of the performance of the fluid working machine measured during an earlier cycle of working chamber volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird, Pierre Robert Joly, Michael Richard Fielding, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov
  • Patent number: 9739266
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of operating a fluid-working machine wherein the volume of working fluid displaced each cycle is selectable and wherein the volume of working fluid displaced by a first working chamber takes into account the suitability of the working chamber to displace fluid. The invention extends in further aspects to power absorbing structures such as renewable energy devices comprising such fluid working machines. The invention allows the operation of fluid working machines and power absorbing structures which are more long lived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Stephen Hugh Salter, William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Michael Richard Fielding, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird, Pierre Robert Joly
  • Patent number: 9133838
    Abstract: In a method of operating a fluid-working machine, the volume of working fluid displaced during each cycle of working chamber volume is selected taking into account the availability of other working chambers. The status of each working chamber is monitored and a working chamber treated as unavailable if it is found to be malfunctioning. A working chamber may be treated as unavailable if it is allocated to an alternative working function. A fault may be detected in a working chamber by determining whether a measured output parameter of the fluid working machine fulfills at least one acceptable function criterion taking into account the previously selected net displacement of working fluid by a working chamber during a cycle of working chamber volume to carry out the working function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Patent number: 9133839
    Abstract: In a method of detecting a fault in a fluid-working machine including a plurality of working chambers of cyclically varying volume, each working chamber is operable to displace a volume of working fluid which is selectable for each cycle of working chamber volume to carry out a working function responsive to a received demand signal. An output parameter of the fluid working machine, which is responsive to the displacement of working fluid by one or more of the working chambers to carry out the working function, is measured. It is determined whether the measured output parameter fulfils at least one acceptable function criterion, taking into account the previously selected net displacement of working fluid by a working chamber during a cycle of working chamber volume to carry out the working function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Michael Richard Fielding, Stephen Michael Laird, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, John Tearlach Campbell
  • Publication number: 20150211513
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a working chamber of cyclically varying volume, high and low pressure manifolds, and high and low pressure valves for regulating the flow of fluid between the working chamber and the high and low pressure manifolds respectively. A controller actively controls at least one said valve to determine the net displacement of working fluid of the working chamber on a cycle by cycle basis. At least one said valve is a variable timing valve and the controller causes the valve to open or close at a time determined taking into account one or more properties of the performance of the fluid working machine measured during an earlier cycle of working chamber volume.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2015
    Publication date: July 30, 2015
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin RAMPEN, Uwe Bernhard Pascal STEIN, Niall James CALDWELL, Stephen Michael LAIRD, Pierre Robert JOLY, Michael Richard FIELDING, Daniil Sergeevich DUMNOV
  • Patent number: 9091254
    Abstract: A fluid working machine comprises a working chamber of cyclically varying volume, a high pressure manifold, and an actuated high pressure valve for regulating the flow of fluid between the working chamber and the high pressure manifold. The actuated high pressure valve comprises a moveable valve member, operable between a closed position and at least one open position. A controllable opening mechanism provides an active urging force to urge the moveable valve member from the said closed position towards at least one said open position, the volume of the working chamber varying between a maximum volume and a minimum volume. The controllable opening mechanism provides the active urging force more than once while the volume of the working chamber is intermediate the maximum of chamber volume and the minimum of chamber volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Stephen Michael Laird, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov, Michael Richard Fielding, Niall James Caldwell
  • Patent number: 9010104
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a working chamber of cyclically varying volume, high and low pressure manifolds, and high and low pressure valves for regulating the flow of fluid between the working chamber and the high and low pressure manifolds respectively. A controller actively controls at least one said valve to determine the net displacement of working fluid of the working chamber on a cycle by cycle basis. At least one said valve is a variable timing valve and the controller causes the valve to open or close at a time determined taking into account one or more properties of the performance of the fluid working machine measured during an earlier cycle of working chamber volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Artemis Intelligent Power Limited
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird, Pierre Robert Joly, Michael Richard Fielding, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov
  • Patent number: 8870553
    Abstract: A fluid working machine comprising a controller and a working chamber, an electronically controllable low pressure valve associated therewith and a fast high pressure valve associated therewith, characterized in that the working chamber has associated therewith a slow high pressure valve for controlling the connection of the working chamber to a secondary high pressure manifold. A fluid working machine according to the invention may be operated to rotate its shaft to a certain position, for example to allow easy maintenance of a wind turbine generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Artemis Intelligent Power Limited
    Inventors: Jack Samuel Lavender, Michael Richard Fielding, Niall James Caldwell, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Patent number: 8602381
    Abstract: An electronically actuatable valve assembly having a primary face seating valve, including a primary valve member, and a secondary valve, including a secondary valve member. The secondary valve opens before the primary valve to equilibrate pressure across the primary valve member and thereby facilitate opening of the primary valve member. The secondary valve is coupled to an armature which moves from a first position to a second position, in use, attracted by an electromagnet. The coupling between the armature and the secondary valve is configured to enable the armature to begin to move from the first position without movement of the secondary valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Artemis Intelligent Power Limited
    Inventors: Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Gordon Paul Voller, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Publication number: 20120076670
    Abstract: In a method of operating a fluid-working machine, the volume of working fluid displaced during each cycle of working chamber volume is selected taking into account the availability of other working chambers. The status of each working chamber is monitored and a working chamber treated as unavailable if it is found to be malfunctioning. A working chamber may be treated as unavailable if it is allocated to an alternative working function. A fault may be detected in a working chamber by determining whether a measured output parameter of the fluid working machine fulfils at least one acceptable function criterion taking into account the previously selected net displacement of working fluid by a working chamber during a cycle of working chamber volume to carry out the working function.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Applicant: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Publication number: 20120060684
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a fluid working machine comprising a controller and a working chamber, an electronically controllable low pressure valve associated therewith and a fast high pressure valve associated therewith, characterised in that the working chamber has associated therewith a slow high pressure valve for controlling the connection of the working chamber to a secondary high pressure manifold. A fluid working machine according to the invention may be operated to rotate its shaft to a certain position, for example to allow easy maintenance of a wind turbine generator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Jack Samuel Lavender, Michael Richard Fielding, Niall James Caldwell, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Publication number: 20120063919
    Abstract: A fluid-working machine has a working chamber of cyclically varying volume, high and low pressure manifolds, and high and low pressure valves for regulating the flow of fluid between the working chamber and the high and low pressure manifolds respectively. A controller actively controls at least one said valve to determine the net displacement of working fluid of the working chamber on a cycle by cycle basis. At least one said valve is a variable timing valve and the controller causes the valve to open or close at a time determined taking into account one or more properties of the performance of the fluid working machine measured during an earlier cycle of working chamber volume.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird, Pierre Robert Joly, Michael Richard Fielding, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov
  • Publication number: 20120057991
    Abstract: In a method of detecting a fault in a fluid-working machine including a plurality of working chambers of cyclically varying volume, each working chamber is operable to displace a volume of working fluid which is selectable for each cycle of working chamber volume to carry out a working function responsive to a received demand signal. An output parameter of the fluid working machine, which is responsive to the displacement of working fluid by one or more of the working chambers to carry out the working function, is measured. It is determined whether the measured output parameter fulfils at least one acceptable function criterion, taking into account the previously selected net displacement of working fluid by a working chamber during a cycle of working chamber volume to carry out the working function.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Niall James Caldwell, Michael Richard Fielding, Stephen Michael Laird, Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, John Tearlach Campbell
  • Publication number: 20120059524
    Abstract: A method of measuring a property of entrained gas in a hydraulic liquid received by a working chamber of a fluid working motor, wherein the said property is determined from the period of time elapsing between the closure of a first valve to isolate the working chamber and the passive opening of a second valve to bring the working chamber into fluid communication with a manifold. The property may, for example, be related to the concentration of entrained gas in the received hydraulic liquid or the compressibility or bulk modulus of the received hydraulic fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird
  • Publication number: 20120059523
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of operating a fluid-working machine wherein the volume of working fluid displaced each cycle is selectable and wherein the volume of working fluid displaced by a first working chamber takes into account the suitability of the working chamber to displace fluid. The invention extends in further aspects to power absorbing structures such as renewable energy devices comprising such fluid working machines. The invention allows the operation of fluid working machines and power absorbing structures which are more long lived.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Stephen Hugh Salter, William Hugh Salvin Rampen, Michael Richard Fielding, Niall James Caldwell, Stephen Michael Laird, Pierre Robert Joly
  • Publication number: 20120023918
    Abstract: A fluid working machine comprises a working chamber of cyclically varying volume, a high pressure manifold, and an actuated high pressure valve for regulating the flow of fluid between the working chamber and the high pressure manifold. The actuated high pressure valve comprises a moveable valve member, operable between a closed position and at least one open position. A controllable opening mechanism provides an active urging force to urge the moveable valve member from the said closed position towards at least one said open position, the volume of the working chamber varying between a maximum volume and a minimum volume. The controllable opening mechanism provides the active urging force more than once while the volume of the working chamber is intermediate the maximum of chamber volume and the minimum of chamber volume.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2010
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Applicant: ARTEMIS INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED
    Inventors: Stephen Michael Laird, Daniil Sergeevich Dumnov, Michael Richard Fielding, Niall James Caldwell
  • Publication number: 20110268590
    Abstract: A fluid working machine, operable to carry out a motoring cycle under at least some circumstances, comprises a controller (12) and a working chamber (2) of cyclically varying volume. The working chamber has a high pressure valve (18) associated therewith to control the connection of the working chamber to a high pressure manifold (20), and an electronically controllable primary low pressure valve (14) to control the connection of the working chamber to a low pressure manifold. The controller is operable to actively control at least the primary low pressure valve, in phased relationship to cycles of working chamber volume, to determine the net displacement of fluid by the working chamber on a cycle by cycle basis. The fluid working machine is adapted to release pressurised fluid from the working chamber prior to the opening of the primary low-pressure valve, during a motoring cycle. This facilitates the opening of the primary low pressure valve.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2009
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Applicant: Artemis Intelligent Power Limited
    Inventors: Uwe Bernhard Pascal Stein, Michael Richard Fielding, Stephen Michael Laird, Alasdair Ian Fletcher Robertson