Patents by Inventor Takeshi Nogami

Takeshi Nogami has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 9786760
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to a method of forming a semiconductor device and resulting structures having an air spacer between a gate and a contact by forming a gate on a substrate and over a channel region of a semiconductor fin. A contact is formed on a doped region of the substrate such that a space between the contact and the gate defines a trench. A first dielectric layer is formed over the gate and the contact such that the first dielectric layer partially fills the trench. A second dielectric layer is formed over the first dielectric layer such that an air spacer forms in the trench between the gate and the contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Griselda Bonilla, Elbert Huang, Son Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Christopher J. Penny, Deepika Priyadarshini
  • Patent number: 9754891
    Abstract: Low-temperature techniques for doping of Cu interconnects based on interfacially-assisted thermal diffusion are provided. In one aspect, a method of forming doped copper interconnects includes the steps of: patterning at least one trench in a dielectric material; forming a barrier layer lining the trench; forming a metal liner on the barrier layer; depositing a seed layer on the metal liner; plating a Cu fill into the trench to form Cu interconnects; removing a portion of a Cu overburden to access an interface between the metal liner and the Cu fill; depositing a dopant layer; and diffusing a dopant(s) from the dopant layer along the interface to form a Cu interconnect doping layer between the metal liner and the Cu fill. Alternatively, the overburden and the barrier layer/metal liner can be completely removed, and the dopant layer deposited selectively on the Cu fill. An interconnect structure is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Benjamin D. Briggs, Lawrence A. Clevenger, Chao-Kun Hu, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini, Michael Rizzolo
  • Publication number: 20170236749
    Abstract: A method for forming a conductor includes forming trenches in an insulator layer. An alloy layer is deposited in the trenches. The alloy layer includes a conductor material and a barrier material. The alloy layer is annealed to form a barrier layer on the insulator layer and to purify the alloy layer into a conductor layer, such that the barrier material in the alloy layer is driven to an interface between the alloy layer and the insulator layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 17, 2016
    Publication date: August 17, 2017
    Inventors: Benjamin D. Briggs, Lawrence A. Clevenger, Takeshi Nogami, Michael Rizzolo
  • Publication number: 20170236781
    Abstract: An interconnect for a semiconductor device includes an insulator layer having a trench. A barrier layer is formed on a surface of the insulator layer in the trench. An elemental cobalt conductor is formed on the barrier layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2017
    Publication date: August 17, 2017
    Inventors: Benjamin D. Briggs, Lawrence A. Clevenger, Takeshi Nogami, Michael Rizzolo
  • Patent number: 9716065
    Abstract: Various embodiments include methods and integrated circuit structures. One method includes: forming a via opening through a trench to expose a portion of an underlying metal line; electrolessly plating a metal layer at a bottom of the via opening over the exposed portion of the underlying metal line, the electrolessly plated metal layer formed of a metal not including copper; depositing a cobalt layer to cover the bottom of the via opening over the electrolessly plated metal layer and sidewalls of the via opening; and growing a copper layer over the cobalt layer to form a line within the trench and a via filling the via opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: James J. Kelly, Takeshi Nogami
  • Patent number: 9711456
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a metal-containing structure such as a copper-containing wire or plug and a composite capping layer formed over the metal-containing structure. The composite capping layer includes a manganese-containing layer disposed over the metal-containing structure, a silicon-containing low-k dielectric layer disposed over the manganese-containing layer, and an intermediate layer between the manganese-containing layer and the silicon-containing low-k dielectric layer. The intermediate layer is the reaction product of the manganese-containing layer and the silicon-containing low-k dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Donald F. Canaperi, Son V. Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini
  • Patent number: 9691656
    Abstract: Interconnect structures containing metal oxide embedded diffusion barriers and methods of forming the same. Interconnect structures may include an Mx level including an Mx metal in an Mx dielectric, an Mx+1 level above the Mx level including an Mx+1 metal in an Mx+1 dielectric, an embedded diffusion barrier adjacent to the Mx+1 dielectric; and a seed alloy region adjacent to the Mx+1 metal separating the Mx metal from the Mx+1 metal. The embedded diffusion barrier may include a barrier-forming material such as manganese, aluminum, titanium, or some combination thereof. The seed alloy region may include a seed material such as cobalt, ruthenium, or some combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Cyril Cabral, Jr., Daniel C. Edelstein, Juntao Li, Takeshi Nogami
  • Patent number: 9691705
    Abstract: An electrical device including an opening in a low-k dielectric material, and a copper including structure present within the opening for transmitting electrical current. A liner is present between the opening and the copper including structure. The liner includes a superlattice structure comprised of a metal oxide layer, a metal layer present on the metal oxide layer, and a metal nitride layer that is present on the metal layer. A first layer of the superlattice structure that is in direct contact with the low-k dielectric material is one of said metal oxide layer and a final layer of the superlattice structure that is in direct contact with the copper including structure is one of the metal nitride layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Donald F. Canaperi, Daniel C. Edelstein, Alfred Grill, Son V. Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini, Hosadurga Shobha
  • Publication number: 20170179034
    Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a metal-containing structure such as a copper-containing wire or plug and a composite capping layer formed over the metal-containing structure. The composite capping layer includes a manganese-containing layer disposed over the metal-containing structure, a silicon-containing low-k dielectric layer disposed over the manganese-containing layer, and an intermediate layer between the manganese-containing layer and the silicon-containing low-k dielectric layer. The intermediate layer is the reaction product of the manganese-containing layer and the silicon-containing low-k dielectric layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2015
    Publication date: June 22, 2017
    Inventors: Donald F. Canaperi, Son V. Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini
  • Patent number: 9666529
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide increased distance between vias and neighboring metal lines in a back end of line (BEOL) structure. A copper alloy seed layer is deposited in trenches that are formed in a dielectric layer. The trenches are then filled with copper. An anneal is then performed to create a self-forming barrier using a seed layer constituent, such as manganese, as the manganese is drawn to the dielectric layer during the anneal. The self-forming barrier is disposed on a shoulder region of the dielectric layer, increasing the effective distance between the via and its neighboring metal lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Elbert Emin Huang, Takeshi Nogami, Raghuveer R. Patlolla, Christopher J. Penny, Theodorus Eduardus Standaert
  • Publication number: 20170140981
    Abstract: Low capacitance and high reliability interconnect structures and methods of manufacture are disclosed. The method includes forming a copper based interconnect structure in an opening of a dielectric material. The method further includes forming a capping layer on the copper based interconnect structure. The method further includes oxidizing the capping layer and any residual material formed on a surface of the dielectric material. The method further includes forming a barrier layer on the capping layer by outdiffusing a material from the copper based interconnect structure to a surface of the capping layer. The method further includes removing the residual material, while the barrier layer on the surface of the capping layer protects the capping layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Publication date: May 18, 2017
    Inventors: Daniel C. EDELSTEIN, Son V. NGUYEN, Takeshi NOGAMI, Deepika PRIYADARSHINI, Hosadurga K. SHOBHA
  • Publication number: 20170084540
    Abstract: Low-temperature techniques for doping of Cu interconnects based on interfacially-assisted thermal diffusion are provided. In one aspect, a method of forming doped copper interconnects includes the steps of: patterning at least one trench in a dielectric material; forming a barrier layer lining the trench; forming a metal liner on the barrier layer; depositing a seed layer on the metal liner; plating a Cu fill into the trench to form Cu interconnects; removing a portion of a Cu overburden to access an interface between the metal liner and the Cu fill; depositing a dopant layer; and diffusing a dopant(s) from the dopant layer along the interface to form a Cu interconnect doping layer between the metal liner and the Cu fill. Alternatively, the overburden and the barrier layer/metal liner can be completely removed, and the dopant layer deposited selectively on the Cu fill. An interconnect structure is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2015
    Publication date: March 23, 2017
    Inventors: Benjamin D. Briggs, Lawrence A. Clevenger, Chao-Kun Hu, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini, Michael Rizzolo
  • Patent number: 9601371
    Abstract: Low capacitance and high reliability interconnect structures and methods of manufacture are disclosed. The method includes forming a copper based interconnect structure in an opening of a dielectric material. The method further includes forming a capping layer on the copper based interconnect structure. The method further includes oxidizing the capping layer and any residual material formed on a surface of the dielectric material. The method further includes forming a barrier layer on the capping layer by outdiffusing a material from the copper based interconnect structure to a surface of the capping layer. The method further includes removing the residual material, while the barrier layer on the surface of the capping layer protects the capping layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel C. Edelstein, Son V. Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini, Hosadurga K. Shobha
  • Publication number: 20170077037
    Abstract: Various embodiments include methods and integrated circuit structures. One method includes: forming a via opening through a trench to expose a portion of an underlying metal line; electrolessly plating a metal layer at a bottom of the via opening over the exposed portion of the underlying metal line, the electrolessly plated metal layer formed of a metal not including copper; depositing a cobalt layer to cover the bottom of the via opening over the electrolessly plated metal layer and sidewalls of the via opening; and growing a copper layer over the cobalt layer to form a line within the trench and a via filling the via opening.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 14, 2015
    Publication date: March 16, 2017
    Inventors: James J. Kelly, Takeshi Nogami
  • Patent number: 9589894
    Abstract: A structure with improved electromigration resistance and methods for making the same. A structure having improved electromigration resistance includes a bulk interconnect having a dual layer cap and a dielectric capping layer. The dual layer cap includes a bottom metallic portion and a top metal oxide portion. Preferably the metal oxide portion is MnO or MnSiO and the metallic portion is Mn or CuMn. The structure is created by doping the interconnect with an impurity (Mn in the preferred embodiment), and then creating lattice defects at a top portion of the interconnect. The defects drive increased impurity migration to the top surface of the interconnect. When the dielectric capping layer is formed, a portion reacts with the segregated impurities, thus forming the dual layer cap on the interconnect. Lattice defects at the Cu surface can be created by plasma treatment, ion implantation, a compressive film, or other means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel Edelstein, Takeshi Nogami, Christopher Parks, Tsong Lin Leo Tai
  • Publication number: 20170005040
    Abstract: An electrical device including an opening in a low-k dielectric material, and a copper including structure present within the opening for transmitting electrical current. A liner is present between the opening and the copper including structure. The liner includes a superlattice structure comprised of a metal oxide layer, a metal layer present on the metal oxide layer, and a metal nitride layer that is present on the metal layer. A first layer of the superlattice structure that is in direct contact with the low-k dielectric material is one of said metal oxide layer and a final layer of the superlattice structure that is in direct contact with the copper including structure is one of the metal nitride layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2016
    Publication date: January 5, 2017
    Inventors: Donald F. Canaperi, Daniel C. Edelstein, Alfred Grill, Son V. Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini, Hosadurga Shobha
  • Patent number: 9508647
    Abstract: A single damascene interconnect structure which includes a first layer that includes a first dielectric material having a first filled opening that has a barrier layer of a refractory material with Cu filling the first filled opening. Also included is a second layer of a second dielectric material having a second filled opening that has a sidewall layer which includes a compound of a metal, O, and Si such that the metal is Mn, Ti and Al, and with Cu filling the second filled opening. The compound is in direct contact with the second dielectric material. The first layer is adjacent to the second layer and the first filled opening is aligned with the second filled opening so that the first filled opening is a via and the second filled opening is a trench.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Shyng-Tsong Chen, Daniel C. Edelstein, Takeshi Nogami
  • Publication number: 20160329279
    Abstract: Low capacitance and high reliability interconnect structures and methods of manufacture are disclosed. The method includes forming a copper based interconnect structure in an opening of a dielectric material. The method further includes forming a capping layer on the copper based interconnect structure. The method further includes oxidizing the capping layer and any residual material formed on a surface of the dielectric material. The method further includes forming a barrier layer on the capping layer by outdiffusing a material from the copper based interconnect structure to a surface of the capping layer. The method further includes removing the residual material, while the barrier layer on the surface of the capping layer protects the capping layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2016
    Publication date: November 10, 2016
    Inventors: Daniel C. EDELSTEIN, Son V. NGUYEN, Takeshi NOGAMI, Deepika PRIYADARSHINI, Hosadurga K. SHOBHA
  • Patent number: 9472503
    Abstract: An electrical device including an opening in a low-k dielectric material, and a copper including structure present within the opening for transmitting electrical current. A liner is present between the opening and the copper including structure. The liner includes a superlattice structure comprised of a metal oxide layer, a metal layer present on the metal oxide layer, and a metal nitride layer that is present on the metal layer. A first layer of the superlattice structure that is in direct contact with the low-k dielectric material is one of said metal oxide layer and a final layer of the superlattice structure that is in direct contact with the copper including structure is one of the metal nitride layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Donald F. Canaperi, Daniel C. Edelstein, Alfred Grill, Son V. Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini, Hosadurga Shobha
  • Patent number: 9455182
    Abstract: Low capacitance and high reliability interconnect structures and methods of manufacture are disclosed. The method includes forming a copper based interconnect structure in an opening of a dielectric material. The method further includes forming a capping layer on the copper based interconnect structure. The method further includes oxidizing the capping layer and any residual material formed on a surface of the dielectric material. The method further includes forming a barrier layer on the capping layer by outdiffusing a material from the copper based interconnect structure to a surface of the capping layer. The method further includes removing the residual material, while the barrier layer on the surface of the capping layer protects the capping layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel C. Edelstein, Son V. Nguyen, Takeshi Nogami, Deepika Priyadarshini, Hosadurga K. Shobha