Patents by Inventor Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20140333184
    Abstract: Piezoelectric materials based on nanoporous polymer foams are provided. Also provided are nanogenerators incorporating the piezoelectric materials, piezoelectric energy harvesters incorporating the nanogenerators and methods of making and using the same. The piezoelectric materials comprise a unitary nanoporous matrix composed of a piezoelectrically active organic polymer, in which the pores are interconnected and have nanoscale diameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20140272673
    Abstract: Block copolymer-based mask structures for the growth of patterned polymer brushes via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) are provided. Also provided are methods of making the mask structures and methods of using the mask structures to grow patterned polymer brushes. The mask structures comprise a substrate having a surface, a neutral layer comprising a crosslinked copolymer film disposed on the surface of the substrate and a domain-forming block copolymer film disposed on the crosslinked copolymer film. The crosslinked copolymer film comprises crosslinked random copolymer chains having pendant alkyl halide functional groups that are capable of acting as ATRP initiating sites.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20140263164
    Abstract: Polymer films comprising crosslinked random copolymers and methods for making the films are provided. Also provided are polymer films comprising random copolymers that are covalently linked to an underlying substrate. The polymer films can be incorporated into structures in which the films are employed as surface-modifying layers for domain-forming block copolymers and the structures can be used for pattern transfer applications via block copolymer lithography. The crosslinks between the random copolymer chains in the polymer films or the links between the random copolymer chains and the substrate surface are characterized in that they can be cleaved under relatively mild conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20140229704
    Abstract: Interrupt handling on a multiprocessor computer executing multiple computational operations in parallel is provided by establishing a total ordering of the multiple computational operations and defining an architectural state at the time of the interrupt as if the computational operations executed in the total ordering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDDATION
    Inventor: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Publication number: 20140134449
    Abstract: In a process for friction stir welding together pieces of dissimilar material, a first piece of a second metal is overlaid onto a first piece of a first metal that is dissimilar from the second metal such that at least a portion of the first piece of second metal overlaps a portion of the first piece of first metal. The first piece of second metal has a plurality of holes therein and the holes are disposed in overlapping relationship with the portion of the first piece of first metal. Each of the holes is filled with a plug formed from the first metal. The first piece of first metal is friction stir welded to the first piece of second metal at each of the plug locations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20140112975
    Abstract: L-Rhamnose antigen-lipid conjugates for recruitment of the immune system to sites of tumor growth for initiating an anti-tumor antigen response. Methods for introducing L-rhamnose antigen-conjugated lipids into cell membranes such that L-rhamnose antigens are displayed on the cell surface. The cells can be tumor cells and more specifically can be melanoma cells. Cells are contacted with one or more L-rhamnose antigen-lipid conjugates such that L-rhamnose antigen-lipid conjugates are inserted into the cell membrane. The cells can be contacted for example by intratumoral injection. Pharmaceutical compositions containing the L-rhamnose antigen-lipid conjugates and therapeutic methods employing the conjugates and compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Publication number: 20140065668
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel isolated plasmid, wherein the plasmid is a native plasmid found in unique C. botulinum type A strains and encode either BoNT/A3 or BoNT/A4 and BoNT/B. The present invention also provides a method of obtaining a plasmid-encoded botulinum neurotoxin and botulinum neurotoxin complex comprising the step of isolating a plasmid encoding the cntA/A or cntA/B neurotoxin gene and genes encoding protein components of the toxin complex from a C. botulinum type A strain. The inventors performed comparative analyses of representative BoNT/A subtype strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and Southern hybridizations with probes specific for the BoNT/A and B genes, cntA/A and cntA/B. Unexpectedly, the inventors determined that the genes encoding BoNT/A3 in the A3 strain, and BoNT/A4 and BoNT/B in the A4 strain, are on plasmids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Publication number: 20130224780
    Abstract: Methods and devices for assaying the effectiveness of a cleaning composition in removing a protein or a biofilm from a surface are disclosed. Such methods include the steps of providing one or more proteins at an interface between an aqueous phase and a liquid crystal phase or at the surface of a liquid crystal, contacting the interface or liquid crystal surface with a cleaning composition, and observing the orientational ordering of the liquid crystal at the interface or liquid crystal surface. A continuous change in the orientational ordering of the liquid crystal at the interface or liquid crystal surface indicates that the proteins are being removed from the interface, and the rate of change in orientational ordering, the extent of the change in orientational ordering, or both, are correlated with the effectiveness of the cleaning composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130225446
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to methods and materials for RNA-mediated gene assembly from oligonucleotide sequences. In some embodiments, the oligonucleotides used for gene assembly are provided in an array format. An RNA polymerase promoter is appended to surface-bound oligonucleotides and a plurality of RNA copies of each oligonucleotide are then produced with an RNA polymerase. These RNA molecules self-assemble into a desired full-length RNA transcript by hybridization and ligation. The resulting RNA transcript may then be converted into double strand DNA useful in a variety of applications including protein expression.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130224865
    Abstract: Novel antimicrobial agents that can serve as replacements to conventional pharmaceutical antibiotics are disclosed. The antimicrobial agents comprise conjugatively transmissible plasmids that kill targeted pathogenic bacteria, but are not harmful to donor bacteria. Two types of lethal transmissible plasmids are disclosed. One type kills recipient bacteria by unchecked (“runaway”) replication in the recipient cells and is prevented from occurring in donor cells. Another type kills recipient bacteria by expressing a gene that produces a product detrimental or lethal to recipient bacterial cells, that gene being prevented from expression in donor cells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130216681
    Abstract: Disclosed are processes for removing lactose from dried milk products to produce dried protein fortified and/or mineral fortified milk products having a reduced lactose content with minimal use, or even without the use, of membrane ultrafiltration, diafiltration, or additional drying equipment. Additionally, a high lactose-containing stream product is also produced. The dried protein fortified milk products are physically and chemically similar to dried milk protein concentrates and can be used for protein fortifiers in various food applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Publication number: 20130217752
    Abstract: A method for producing mature hepatocytes having functional hepatic enzyme activity from human pluripotent cells is disclosed. The method includes the step of transferring an external vector comprising the DNA sequence coding for a microRNA having the seed sequence of the microRNA miR-122, the DNA sequence coding for a microRNA having the seed sequence of the microRNA miR-let-7c, a microRNA having the seed sequence of the microRNA miR-122, a microRNA having the seed sequence of the microRNA miR-let-7c, or a combination thereof into one or more fetal hepatocytes. The resulting cells differentiate into mature hepatocytes that exhibit functional hepatic enzyme activity, and can be used in drug metabolism and toxicity testing, in the study of viruses that target hepatic tissue, and as therapeutics. A related method of maintaining the functional hepatic enzyme activity of primary hepatocytes over time is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Publication number: 20130206608
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods for generating oxygen via an electrolysis reaction. One places an anode and a cathode in aqueous solution, and uses an external source of electricity to drive the electrolysis reaction from the anode and cathode. The anode has at least three metal oxides, preferably with nickel oxide or cobalt oxide as at least one of the oxides. Also disclosed are electrodes designed for catalyzing oxygen consumption or formation reactions, where the electrodes have a mix of such three metal oxides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130211055
    Abstract: Dithioamine reducing agents useful for the reduction of disulfide bonds. The reducing agents of this invention are useful, for example, to reduce disulfide bonds, particularly in proteins, or to prevent the formation of disulfide bonds, particularly in proteins and other biological molecules. Reducing agents of this invention are useful and suitable for application in a variety of biological applications, particularly as research and synthetic reagents. The invention provides S-acylated dithioamines which can be selectively activated reducing agents by removal of the S-acyl groups enzymatically or chemically. The invention further provides dithiane precursors of thioamino reducing agents. The invention provides dithioamine reducing agents, S-acylated dithioamines and dithianes which are immobilized on surfaces, including among others, glass, quartz, microparticles, nanoparticles and resins.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130209509
    Abstract: The invention provides an isolated H3 equine influenza A virus, as well as methods of preparing and using the virus, and genes or proteins thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Publication number: 20130196905
    Abstract: Methods for improving the health of a female human or non-human animal are disclosed. The methods include the step of administering to the animal compositions including an effective amount of glycomacropeptide (GMP) for effectuating the methods. Specifically, the methods can be used to increase the rate of fat metabolism or fat oxidation, decrease percentage of body fat, increase the rate of bone mineralization, increase bone mineral content, increase bone mineral density, and/or increase bone strength in the animal. GMP-containing compositions can be used according to the disclosed methods to treat obesity and related metabolic conditions, or to treat or prevent osteoporosis, osteopenia, and other conditions related to loss of bone mineral content or bone strength.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130195906
    Abstract: The invention provides an isolated H3 equine influenza A virus, as well as methods of preparing and using the virus, and genes or proteins thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130196024
    Abstract: Medical foods containing glycomacroprotein and additional supplemented amounts of arginine, leucine, and optionally other amino acids, such as tyrosine, are disclosed. The medical foods can be used to provide the complete protein requirements for patients having metabolic disorders such as phenylketonuria.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
  • Publication number: 20130190417
    Abstract: The disclosure provides anionic Gemini surfactants comprising at least two carbonyl moieties and at least two aliphatic moieties. In some aspects, at least two of the aliphatic moieties comprise at least seven carbon atoms and at least one pair of conjugated carbon-to-carbon double bonds. The anionic Gemini surfactants are polymerizable and may be used to prepare triply periodic multiply continuous lyotropic phase and polymers thereof that substantially retain triply periodic multiply continuous lyotropic phase structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
  • Publication number: 20130182481
    Abstract: A nanoscale electron shuttle with two elastically mounted conductors positioned within a gap between conductors produces asymmetrical electron conduction between the conductors when the conductors receive an AC signal to provide for rectification, detection and/or power harvesting.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventor: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation