Patents by Inventor Xavier Marcarian

Xavier Marcarian has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 10793505
    Abstract: The invention relates to a purification unit (200) which is able to separate crude MMA from light and heavy impurities in order to obtain high quality of MMA, suitable to produce optimal grade polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). The unit (200) comprises two distillation columns (210, 250) in series, fed with mixture to be distilled in their median part, in order to separate each column in two upper (213, 253) and lower (212, 252) parts, the first distillation column (210) being fed with crude prewashed MMA, and the second distillation column (250) being fed with distilled liquid stream containing MMA, separated from light impurities, issued from bottom of first distillation column (210). The upper part (213) of first distillation column (210) is connected to a lateral extraction system (220), able to minimize MMA content in light impurities flowing upward said first column (210).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Romain Billon, Xavier Marcarian, Florent Vallet
  • Publication number: 20200270195
    Abstract: The invention relates to an esterification unit (150) and esterification process for producing crude methyl methacrylate (MMA) from methacrylamide (MAM), which enable particularly to improve the yield, meaning that the organics spent acids are low; and at the same time, providing crude MMA with rather good quality, meaning that MMA concentration in crude MMA is rather high and preferably from 50 wt % to 80 wt %. According to the invention, the esterification unit comprises esterification reactors (1, . . . , 5 (or 6) set up in a serial way so that there is a counter current flow between gaseous phase and liquid phase, the liquid phase flowing from first reactor (1) of the series to last reactor (5 (or 6)), and the gaseous phase flowing from reactor to first reactor (1).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Publication date: August 27, 2020
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Romain Billon, Xavier Marcarian, Florent Vallet
  • Patent number: 10597302
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a reactor (201) for preparing hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process, to an equipment (200) comprising said reactor and to a process for preparing hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process. The reactor (201) comprising at least one gas inlet (I) for reactant gases mixture, a catalyst (203), a porous support for the catalyst (204), a porous sub support (205, 206) and at least one outlet (P8) for the reaction products. According to the invention, said reactor has a cone frustum shaped metallic casing (210) and comprises inside the metallic casing, a gas distributor (202) located between the gas inlet and the catalyst, said distributor comprising at least one cone frustum element (D1, . . . Dn) having an upper base directed towards the gas inlet (I).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: ARKEMA FRANCE
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Xavier Marcarian, Romain Billon
  • Patent number: 10358410
    Abstract: The invention relates to a thermal conversion vessel (200) used during amidification step of acetone cyanohydrin (ACH), in the industrial process for production of a methyl methacrylate (MMA) or methacrylic acid (MAA). The thermal conversion vessel (200) is used for converting an hydrolysis mixture of ?-hydroxyisobutyramide (HIBAM), ?-sulfatoisobutyramide (SIBAM), 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE) and methacrylique acid (MAA), into a mixture of 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE). at least one compartment (C1, C2, C3, . . . Ci) comprising an inner wall (206a, 206b, . . . 206i) separating said compartment into two communicating parts (C1a, C1b) by a passage provided between the bottom of said vessel and said inner wall, said compartment having a space above said inner wall, for separating gas phase from liquid phase during thermal conversion, said compartment being connected to an outlet valve (204a, 204b, . . . 204i). Such vessel allows obtaining a high yield thermal conversion in very safe conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Xavier Marcarian, Romain Billon
  • Patent number: 10273199
    Abstract: The invention relates to an hydrolysis vessel (200) used during amidification step of acetone cyanohydrin (ACH), in the industrial process for production of a methyl methacrylate (MMA) or methacrylic acid (MAA). The hydrolysis vessel (200) is used for hydrolyzing acetone cyanohydrine with sulfuric acid to produce a mixture comprising ?-sulfatoisobutyramide (SIBAM). It comprises at least one cooling system (212; 244) on its internal annular periphery area and it is divided into at least two stages, preferably three, along its vertical wall, each stage (S1 to S3) comprising a ACH feeding inlet (201, 202, 203). Such vessel allows controlling both homogeneity and temperature of the mixture, and thus obtaining a high yield for the hydrolyzing reaction in very safe conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Romain Billon, Xavier Marcarian, Florent Vallet
  • Patent number: 10131614
    Abstract: The invention relates to an esterification unit (150) and esterification process for producing crude methyl methacrylate (MMA) from methacrylamide (MAM), which enable particularly to improve the yield, meaning that the organics spent acids are low; and at the same time, providing crude MMA with rather good quality, meaning that MMA concentration in crude MMA is rather high and preferably from 50 wt % to 80 wt %. According to the invention, the esterification unit comprises esterification reactors (1, . . . , 5 (or 6) set up in a serial way so that there is a counter current flow between gaseous phase and liquid phase, the liquid phase flowing from first reactor (1) of the series to last reactor (5 (or 6)), and the gaseous phase flowing from reactor to first reactor (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Romain Billon, Xavier Marcarian, Florent Vallet
  • Publication number: 20180215626
    Abstract: Present invention relates to a process and an installation (100) for the preparation of hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process, and more precisely for improving the conditions of mixing the reactant gases before feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60), in order to improve safety, to avoid any risk of explosion and to produce HCN in safe and efficient manner. The installation is configured in such a manner that oxygen is pre-mixed with air with a ratio comprised between 20.95% and 32.5% by volume, preferably between 25% and 30.5% by volume; methane containing gas and ammonia are simultaneously added in the pre-mixture of oxygen-enriched air in such a manner that the volumic ratio of methane to ammonia is comprised between 1.35 and 1.02 depending on the content of oxygen into air; said obtained reactant gases mixture having a temperature comprised between 80° C. and 120° C., preferably between 95° C. and 115° C. for feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2018
    Publication date: August 2, 2018
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Xavier Marcarian, Romain Billon
  • Patent number: 9944533
    Abstract: Present invention relates to a process and an installation (100) for the preparation of hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process, and more precisely for improving the conditions of mixing the reactant gases before feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60), in order to improve safety, to avoid any risk of explosion and to produce HCN in safe and efficient manner. The installation is configured in such a manner that oxygen is pre-mixed with air with a ratio comprised between 20.95% and 32.5% by volume, preferably between 25% and 30.5% by volume; methane containing gas and ammonia are simultaneously added in the pre-mixture of oxygen-enriched air in such a manner that the volumic ratio of methane to ammonia is comprised between 1.35 and 1.02 depending on the content of oxygen into air; said obtained reactant gases mixture having a temperature comprised between 80° C. and 120° C., preferably between 95° C. and 115° C. for feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Xavier Marcarian, Romain Billon
  • Publication number: 20180079713
    Abstract: The invention relates to a thermal conversion vessel (200) used during amidification step of acetone cyanohydrin (ACH), in the industrial process for production of a methyl methacrylate (MMA) or methacrylic acid (MAA). The thermal conversion vessel (200) is used for converting an hydrolysis mixture of ?-hydroxyisobutyramide (HIBAM), ?-sulfatoisobutyramide (SIBAM), 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE) and methacrylique acid (MAA), into a mixture of 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE). It comprises: at least one compartment (C1, C2, C3, . . . Ci) comprising an inner wall (206a, 206b, 206i) separating said compartment into two communicating parts (C1a, C1b) by a passage provided between the bottom of said vessel and said inner wall, said compartment having a space above said inner wall, for separating gas phase from liquid phase during thermal conversion, said compartment being connected to an outlet valve (204a, 204b, . . . 204i). Such vessel allows obtaining a high yield thermal conversion in very safe conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Publication date: March 22, 2018
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Xavier MARCARIAN, Romain BILLON
  • Patent number: 9840458
    Abstract: The invention relates to a thermal conversion vessel (200) used during amidification step of acetone cyanohydrin (ACH), in the industrial process for production of a methyl methacrylate (MMA) or methacrylic acid (MAA). The thermal conversion vessel (200) is used for converting an hydrolysis mixture of ?-hydroxyisobutyramide (HIBAM), ?-sulfatoisobutyramide (SIBAM), 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE) and methacrylique acid (MAA), into a mixture of 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE). It comprises:—at least one compartment (C1, C2, C3, . . . Ci) comprising an inner wall (206a, 206b, . . . 206i) separating said compartment into two communicating parts (C1a, C1b) by a passage provided between the bottom of said vessel and said inner wall,—said compartment having a space above said inner wall, for separating gas phase from liquid phase during thermal conversion,—said compartment being connected to an outlet valve (204a, 204b, . . . 204i). Such vessel allows obtaining a high yield thermal conversion in very safe conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Yves Bernardin, Xavier Marcarian, Romain Billon
  • Publication number: 20160257639
    Abstract: The invention relates to an esterification unit (150) and esterification process for producing crude methyl methacrylate (MMA) from methacrylamide (MAM), which enable particularly to improve the yield, meaning that the organics spent acids are low; and at the same time, providing crude MMA with rather good quality, meaning that MMA concentration in crude MMA is rather high and preferably from 50 wt % to 80 wt %. According to the invention, the esterification unit comprises esterification reactors (1, . . . , 5 (or 6) set up in a serial way so that there is a counter current flow between gaseous phase and liquid phase, the liquid phase flowing from first reactor (1) of the series to last reactor (5 (or 6)), and the gaseous phase flowing from reactor to first reactor (1).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 8, 2016
    Inventors: Yves BERNARDIN, Romain BILLON, Xavier MARCARIAN, Florent VALLET
  • Publication number: 20160251297
    Abstract: The invention relates to a purification unit (200) which is able to separate crude MMA from light and heavy impurities in order to obtain high quality of MMA, suitable to produce optimal grade polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). The unit (200) comprises two distillation columns (210, 250) in series, fed with mixture to be distilled in their median part, in order to separate each column in two upper (213, 253) and lower (212, 252) parts, the first distillation column (210) being fed with crude prewashed MMA, and the second distillation column (250) being fed with distilled liquid stream containing MMA, separated from light impurities, issued from bottom of first distillation column (210). The upper part (213) of first distillation column (210) is connected to a lateral extraction system (220), able to minimize MMA content in light impurities flowing upward said first column (210).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 1, 2016
    Inventors: Yves BERNARDIN, Romain BILLON, Xavier MARCARIAN, Florent WALLET
  • Publication number: 20160251299
    Abstract: The invention relates to an hydrolysis vessel (200) used during amidification step of acetone cyanohydrin (ACH), in the industrial process for production of a methyl methacrylate (MMA) or methacrylic acid (MAA). The hydrolysis vessel (200) is used for hydrolyzing acetone cyanohydrine with sulfuric acid to produce a mixture comprising ?-sulfatoisobutyramide (SIBAM). It comprises at least one cooling system (212; 244) on its internal annular periphery area and it is divided into at least two stages, preferably three, along its vertical wall, each stage (S1 to S3) comprising a ACH feeding inlet (201, 202, 203). Such vessel allows controlling both homogeneity and temperature of the mixture, and thus obtaining a high yield for the hydrolyzing reaction in very safe conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2014
    Publication date: September 1, 2016
    Inventors: Yves BERNARDIN, Romain BILLON, Xavier MARCARIAN, Florent VALLET
  • Publication number: 20160194212
    Abstract: Present invention relates to a process and an installation (100) for the preparation of hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process, and more precisely for improving the conditions of mixing the reactant gases before feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60), in order to improve safety, to avoid any risk of explosion and to produce HCN in safe and efficient manner. The installation is configured in such a manner that oxygen is pre-mixed with air with a ratio comprised between 20.95% and 32.5% by volume, preferably between 25% and 30.5% by volume; methane containing gas and ammonia are simultaneously added in the pre-mixture of oxygen-enriched air in such a manner that the volumic ratio of methane to ammonia is comprised between 1.35 and 1.02 depending on the content of oxygen into air; said obtained reactant gases mixture having a temperature comprised between 80° C. and 120° C., preferably between 95° C. and 115° C. for feeding the Andrussow type reactor (60).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: July 7, 2016
    Inventors: Yves BERNARDIN, Xavier MARCARIAN, Romain BILLON
  • Publication number: 20160152484
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a reactor (201) for preparing hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process, to an equipment (200) comprising said reactor and to a process for preparing hydrogen cyanide by the Andrussow process. The reactor (201) comprising at least one gas inlet (I) for reactant gases mixture, a catalyst (203), a porous support for the catalyst (204), a porous sub support (205, 206) and at least one outlet (P8) for the reaction products. According to the invention, said reactor has a cone frustum shaped metallic casing (210) and comprises inside the metallic casing, a gas distributor (202) located between the gas inlet and the catalyst, said distributor comprising at least one cone frustum element (D1, . . . Dn) having an upper base directed towards the gas inlet (I).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: June 2, 2016
    Applicant: ARKEMA FRANCE
    Inventors: Yves BERNARDIN, Xavier MARCARIAN, Romain BILLON
  • Publication number: 20160137590
    Abstract: The invention relates to a thermal conversion vessel (200) used during amidification step of acetone cyanohydrin (ACH), in the industrial process for production of a methyl methacrylate (MMA) or methacrylic acid (MAA). The thermal conversion vessel (200) is used for converting an hydrolysis mixture of ?-hydroxyisobutyramide (HIBAM), ?-sulfatoisobutyramide (SIBAM), 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE) and methacrylique acid (MAA), into a mixture of 2-methacrylamide (MACRYDE). It comprises:—at least one compartment (C1, C2, C3, . . . Ci) comprising an inner wall (206a, 206b, . . . 206i) separating said compartment into two communicating parts (C1a, C1b) by a passage provided between the bottom of said vessel and said inner wall,—said compartment having a space above said inner wall, for separating gas phase from liquid phase during thermal conversion,—said compartment being connected to an outlet valve (204a, 204b, . . . 204i). Such vessel allows obtaining a high yield thermal conversion in very safe conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: May 19, 2016
    Inventors: Yves BERNARDIN, Xavier MARCARIAN, Romain BILLON
  • Patent number: 6892958
    Abstract: The process for the continuous preparation of homopolymers or copolymers by free-impinging-jet micromixing of fluids formed (1) of monomer(s) and (2) of an initiator system consists in micromixing the said fluids (1) and (2) and in recovering the mixture of these fluids in the form of a resultant jet Jr, originating from the point of impingement (I), the micromixture being obtained by: a) forming at least one group of at least two jets Ja of the said identical or different fluids, these jets coinciding at a point of impingement (I), the jets Ja of the same group all being of identical geometry, their axes being arranged such that their projections on a plane perpendicular to the axis (A) of the resultant jet Jr are distributed angularly in a uniform manner and these axes being inclined relative to the said axis (A) by the same non-zero angle ? of not more than 90°; b) simultaneously directing at the point of impingement (I) at least one jet Jb of a fluid which is different from at least one of the fluids o
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Assignee: Arkema
    Inventors: Xavier Marcarian, Christophe Navarro, Laurent Falk, Fernand Pla
  • Publication number: 20030153709
    Abstract: The process for the continuous preparation of homopolymers or copolymers by free-impinging-jet micromixing of fluids formed (1) of monomer(s) and (2) of an initiator system consists in micromixing the said fluids (1) and (2) and in recovering the mixture of these fluids in the form of a resultant jet Jr, originating from the point of impingement (I), the micromixture being obtained by:
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2002
    Publication date: August 14, 2003
    Applicant: ATOFINA
    Inventors: Xavier Marcarian, Christophe Navarro, Laurent Falk, Fernand Pla
  • Patent number: 6590052
    Abstract: The process for the continuous preparation of homopolymers or copolymers by free-impinging-jet micromixing of fluids formed (1) of monomer(s) and (2) of an initiator system consists in micromixing the said fluids (1) and (2) and in recovering the mixture of these fluids in the form of a resultant jet Jr, originating from the point of impingement (I).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Assignee: Atofina
    Inventors: Xavier Marcarian, Christophe Navarro, Laurent Falk, Fernand Pla
  • Publication number: 20020128416
    Abstract: The process for the continuous preparation of homopolymers or copolymers by free-impinging-jet micromixing of fluids formed (1) of monomer(s) and (2) of an initiator system consists in micromixing the said fluids (1) and (2) and in recovering the mixture of these fluids in the form of a resultant jet Jr, originating from the point of impingement (I), the micromixture being obtained by:
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2001
    Publication date: September 12, 2002
    Applicant: ATOFINA
    Inventors: Xavier Marcarian, Christophe Navarro, Laurent Falk, Fernand Pla