Abstract: A system for predicting exterior ballistics has first and second bullet detectors operable to detect the passage of a bullet, the first and second bullet detectors being spaced apart by a selected detector spacing distance, the first and second bullet detector each being connected to a common time signal facility that generates a time signal, the first bullet detector being operable to generate a first time of passage based on the time signal, the second bullet detector being operable to generate a second time of passage based on the time signal, the first bullet detector being operable to measure a first bullet velocity, a controller in communication with the first and second bullet detectors, and the controller operable based on the difference between the first time and the second time, and based on the first bullet velocity to calculate a ballistic characteristic for the bullet.
Abstract: A payload is housed in a deliverable body of a device, such as in a projectile, and this device is delivered as close as possible to a target. At the landing point, a drive system of the body is activated to take the payload directly to the target. The target is described by target coordinates, for example, which are programmed into the device before it is launched. The device itself can be steered or unsteered. The drive system installed on the body or formed by the body is variable and should occupy a minimum of space.
Abstract: The Mixed Mine Alternative (MMA) System is a military system designed for use in mechanized warfare. The MMA System has three components, MMA smart Antitank mines, MMA Antihandling Sensors linked to the MMA smart Antitank mines, and MMA Remote Control Units (RCU). The MMA smart Antitank (AT) mines contain a primary sensor system hardened against countermeasures and a kill mechanism similar to existing scatterable AT mines. The MMA AT mine is capable of transmit and receive communications with a Remote Control Unit and with the MMA Antihandling Sensors (AH). The communications capabilities and processors in the MMA AT and the MMA AH allow the system to establish MMA AT to MMA AH links after the mines have been scattered. MMA AT will be linked to MMA AH that are within their lethal radius. The MMA AT mine processors allow the mine primary antitank sensor to be on or off. The mine may receive and act on detonate instructions from the primary antitank sensor, from the antihandling sensors, or from the MMA RCU.
Abstract: An armored, motorized unit incorporating a gimbaled gun sighted video camera and an attached multi-shot TASER® cartridge firing system to remotely fire one cartridge at a time at a remotely selected target. A remotely located operator rotates the unit in azimuth and elevation to aim at a target within the range of the firing system. The firing system has multiple cartridges that can be rotated into a boresight position, one at a time, and armed, one at a time, for firing a pair of wire-tethered contacts such as darts at the selected target.
Abstract: A zone-defense weapon system includes an attack device having at least one main launch tube having a projectile that encloses an explosive charge. At least one device for surveillance and acquisition of targets controls a surveillance zone by detecting an objective target penetrating into the surveillance zone, and by controlling firing of the main projectile in the direction of the detected objective target. The attack device is located at a remote distance from the surveillance and target-acquisition device, and the surveillance zone is within the action radius of the attack device. The surveillance device may include an auxiliary projectile fired from the attack device.
Abstract: A fuze or igniter provided with an adjustable electronic unit (24), a separate energy supply (40) as well as a mechanical safety device (26). In order for this fuze to be independent of the weapons system and not be bound to a particular type of payload, the adjustable electronic unit (24) and the mechanical safety device (26) are accommodated in the essentially cylindrical, watertight housing (22) of a basic module (20) that has two end faces (28, 30). The energy supply (40) can be mechanically and electrically connected with the basic module (20). In the region of one of its end faces (28), the basic module (20) can be connected with either a programming device (136) in order to program in an ignition time and a sterilization time (desensitization time) or a payload (42) that is independent of the weapons system employed and is not ammunition specific.
April 14, 1993
Date of Patent:
March 14, 1995
Gunter Backstein, Hermann Schaper, Dirk Wolff
Abstract: An apparatus and method for measuring ballistics in a firearm is disclosed. The apparatus comprises (a) a device for measuring pressure in a firearm-firing-chamber disposed at least in part at the strain sensitive region, and for producing analog signals indicative of the pressure, and connected to digitizing circuits which record the amplitudes of the signals representing pressure as a function of time; (b) a plurality of muzzle bullet sensors for measuring the relative times at which the bullet passes the plane of each sensor and for producing analog signals indicative of these times, the analog signals being converted to digital signals and connected to digital timing circuits; and (c) an acoustic target located downrange and including (i) sensors arrayed at corners of a triangle for sensing acoustic energy emitted by a passing bullet and (ii) a device for generating analog signals representative of the acoustic energy sensed at the triangle corners.
Abstract: An area defense mine has an orientable launch tube to fire a projectile at any bearing angle. The projectile contains at least one explosive charge, an arrangement for spinning the projectile about an axis of rotation and a device for detecting a target. The launch tube is orientable according to at least two different angles of sight. An arrangement for positioning the projectile in the launch tube allows the projectile to be positioned on a sabot of the tube in such fashion that the axis of rotation of the projectile remains oriented at a given axis whatever the angle of sight selected. Such a mine can be used either in a short-range or in a medium-range operating mode.
October 2, 1992
Date of Patent:
January 18, 1994
Thierry J. M. Bredy, Emmanuel A. J. Marchand
Abstract: In a broad-area defense mine, the inclination under which an active member can rise or can be fired from an ambush position can be varied with the aid of at least one adjusting member between the positioning frame and a mounting or support for the active member which, in turn, are connected by way of a universal joint. In this arrangement, the mine, in the same way and with equal reliability as heretofore, combats a target within a specific area, but it is possible by means of this device to defend a substantially larger zone: the mine is transported, within the larger zone, to the "correct" site.
Abstract: In known droppable mines it customarily becomes necessary, because of the consistency and slope of the ground, to right the mine into a position favorable for its action, with such a position being fixable, if possible, for the entire duration of deployment independently of extraneous influences.Since in the past such fixing was realized in the known mines only in a complicated and unsatisfactory manner, the mine (10) according to the invention includes a sack (18) which is arranged below a righting balloon (16) and is filled with a hardenable foam. In this way, the stability of the mine (10) is decisively improved. Due to the underside (22) of the sack (18) being kept permeable, the foam is also able to escape into a zone (34) between the ground (12) and the sack (18) and cause the mine (10) to adhere to the ground (12) in its position.
Abstract: By means of multi-member, spreadable righting assemblies, a supporting area can be enlarged in connection with a rightable drop unit, the torque required for righting can be reduced, and the stability can be enhanced. In order to provide that a base of each righting assembly does perform the desired, defined movement, at least one guide member (for example a parallel guide means) is included. The afore-mentioned improvements can be attained practically without an increase in the volume or in the weight of the drop unit.
Abstract: In a mine capable of righting itself, laying devices for sensor lines are attached on the outside to the topside of a mine housing. During storage and during transport, the laying devices are, in their initial position, in close contact with the topside of the mine housing. Upon distribution of the mines over the terrain, the laying devices are spread away from the topside of the mine housing and transferred into their effective position so that the sensor lines can be ejected at an angle of about 45.degree. inclined with respect to the vertical.
Abstract: A mine, particularly an anti-tank mine, including a warhead which is arranged in a launching installation, and the latter of which is equipped with an aiming device. The mine is equipped with a range-finding device for the determination of the direction and for the measurement of the at least approximately horizontal distance between the mine which is in a lurking position and the target which is to be attacked, especially such as a tank or armored vehicle, and wherein the range-finding device is operatively connected with the aiming device for the setting of a specified launch angle or elevation for the launching installation for the warhead.
Abstract: An arrangement for positioning a mine includes a mine housing and an inflatable, balloon mounted on a lateral exterior side of the mine housing. A gas generator is disposed in the mine housing and connected to the balloon for providing a supply of gas for inflating the balloon. A position sensor is disposed in the mine housing for monitoring the upright position of the mine housing and connected to the gas generator for controlling the supply of gas to the balloon in dependence of the upright position of the mine. A plurality of fixing nails are mounted in the bottom of the mine housing for fixing the position of the mine housing on the ground.
Abstract: A two-stage release self-righting mechanism and method employ a pair of primary and secondary releasable holder assemblies which respective hold upper and middle portions of leaf spring arms in a stowed position against the side wall of a load such as a submunition launcher tube. The primary holder assembly is released first which permits release of a portion of the energy stored by the spring legs, causing them to partially extend from the stowed position to a partially deployed position and partially erect the submunition. Then, a short time later, the secondary holder assembly is released, permitting release of the remaining energy stored by the spring legs, causing them to fully extend to a fully deployed position and complete the erecting of the submunition.
Abstract: A target engagement system uses target motion analysis to determine a target engagement decision for ground targets, such as vehicles. The input to the engagement system is the target azimuth as a function of time. A detect algorithm issues and records a detect azimuth when confirmation is made that a valid target is being tracked and legitimate azimuth information is being provided. The engagement algorithm then begins and records the time intervals it takes for the target to cross two sectors, each covering 20.degree. and separate by 10.degree.. Thus, first time interval is measured from detect azimuth to 20.degree. after detect azimuth, and the second time interval is measured from 30.degree. after detect azimuth to 50.degree. after detect azimuth. When the first and second time intervals have been recorded, the ratio of the first time interval to the second time interval is calculated. If this ratio is greater than 2.0, then the target is estimated to be within range and is subsequently attacked.
Abstract: A lane marker preferably for delivery by a CATFAE weapon, has a mechanical imed device which is positioned and rides in the rear section of the CATFAE weapon as it is launched to a specified position on the ground. At first contact of the CATFAE with the ground, the lane marker is ejected vertically a short distance away from the ground and then falls onto the ground. On the ground the lane marker attitude is controlled for effective employment. Spring-biased probes deploy the makers which typically comprise two flags and two chemiluminescent lights to mark the impact point of the CATFAE. The two chemiluminescent lights are activated mechanically by cloud detonation overpressure prior to deployment of the spring-biased probes.
December 4, 1989
Date of Patent:
November 13, 1990
The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
Abstract: A stand device or emplacement for a mine, especially for an air-deployable mine which is equipped with a search head, and which includes supporting legs articulated to the housing of the mine. The stand device for the mine has the supporting legs articulated to a cardanic or gimbal suspension in the upper region of the mine housing, and incorporate telescopable legs wherein, in dependence upon the setting of the mine housing on the ground, the spread apart support legs render these releasable for the outward extension and raising of the mine housing above the ground.
Abstract: This invention relates to an apparatus for destroying sea mines, especially anchored cable mines, and to an improved mine-sweeping method. The apparatus consists of an active device and upthrust mechanisms which permit the active device to climb up the anchor chain to the mine, which, once encountered, is destroyed. In one preferred embodiment, the device comprises a hollow charge carrier with rocket propulsion which is temporarily secured to a towing device, such as a towing cable. The device is released when it encounters the anchor chain of a mine, it rises along the chain, and then destroys the mine.
Abstract: The invention relates to a mine or drop bomb having an effective load, a shaped charge, and an antenna which encompasses a target recognition device. In order to achieve on the one hand a rugged, arrangement which can withstand high acceleration forces, and, on the other hand, provide an optimum functioning of the antenna, the antenna is axially outwardly slidable, so that it can move from an inoperative, respectively transport, position into an operative position. For this purpose the antenna is mounted on a plurality of columns, which are equi-angularly disposed about the periphery of the arrangement and are slidable within guide means disposed in the housing of the arrangement. The antenna may be deployed by an inflatable gaseous container. In one embodiment the container may comprise an explosive gaseous mixture which ignites to break-off the antenna from the device before the mine explodes.