Polishes Patents (Class 106/3)
  • Patent number: 5191002
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the discovery of particular water-based emulsion formulations that comprise an environmentally acceptable integrated floor care maintenance system. In particular, the present invention provides a low zinc, low phosphate, acrylic-based, integrated floor care maintenance system that includes a low zinc acrylic floor finish having a zinc content of less than 100 ppm and a phosphate content measured as percent phosphorus of less than 0.4% by weight and a floor finish stripper having no added zinc, no added phosphate and containing from about 0.01 to 5% by weight of an ammonium perfluoroalkylsulfonate wetting and emulsifying agent, such as CAS number 67906-42-7, CAS number 17202-41-4 or a mixture of these. Additionally, this invention provides for a low zinc acrylate floor sealer having a zinc content of less than 100 ppm and a phosphate content measured as percent phosphorus of less than 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Puritan/Churchill Chemical Company
    Inventor: John B. Davis
  • Patent number: 5174813
    Abstract: A polish formulation containing as components thereof at least one member selected from the group consisting of waxes, solvents, surfactants, thickening agents, abrasives, dyes, odorants and other ingredients normally used in making polishes. The improvement resides in incorporating into the polish formulation a derivatized amine functional organosilicon compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1992
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Martin E. Cifuentes, David B. Selley
  • Patent number: 5154759
    Abstract: A polish formulation containing as components thereof at least one member selected from the group consisting of waxes, solvents, surfactants, thickening agents, abrasives, dyes, odorants and other ingredients normally used in making polishes. The improvement resides in incorporating into the polish formulation a novel reactive amine functional silicone polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1992
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Martin E. Cifuentes, David B. Selley
  • Patent number: 5149338
    Abstract: A process for superpolishing hard ceramic substrates, and super polished substrates having surface finishes below about 20 angstroms RMS. The process comprises applying a pitch to a lap tool and forming channels in the pitch. The pitch is wetted with a polishing compound comprising colloidal alumina and powder of a substance harder than that being polished. The substrate is brought into contact with the wetted pitch, and a relative motion is applied thereto to polish the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1992
    Inventor: Kenneth W. Fulton
  • Patent number: 5141555
    Abstract: A buffing composition for imparting very fine finishes to automobile surfaces. The buffing composition contains non silicone-containing materials and comprises alumina abrasive and a synthetic wax dispersed in a liquid medium. The liquid medium can be a solvent, water, a hydrocarbon oil, or mixtures thereof. The buffing composition can optionally contain other additives or modifiers such as wetting agents, thickeners, stabilizers, preservatives, emulsifiers, dyes, pigments and perfumes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1992
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Normita P. Elepano
  • Patent number: 5139570
    Abstract: A nail cleansing composition useful for removing stains from human nails, nail stain removing kits, and a method for removing stains from nails using the composition of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: Revlon, Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony Castrogiovanni, Robert W. Sandewicz, Cecilia Benedicto
  • Patent number: 5139571
    Abstract: A semiconductor wafer polishing slurry that does not contaminate a wafer processing area utilizes an aqueous organic base to suspend the slurry's fine abrasive particles. The organic base has large cations (13,16,19) that do not diffuse into semiconductor wafers. Therefore ionic contamination from the polishing slurry is substantially eliminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul W. Deal, Dennis B. Werho
  • Patent number: 5137541
    Abstract: A method of cleaning and polishing a variety of porous and non-porous materials including porcelains, plastics, marble, glass, and finished wood. The polishing compound is comprised of an abrasive powder, an hydroflouric acid, and an organic solvent. The polishing compound is applied with a cloth and scouring of the surface to be cleaned and polished is accomplished with a soft cloth or with a polishing machine. The invention effectively removes scratches, stains, and blemishes from the surface to be polished and after scouring the result is a blemish free and polished surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1992
    Inventor: John D. Foster
  • Patent number: 5123958
    Abstract: A marble, granite and stone gel-type polishing composition and method. The polishing composition includes a polishing constituent mixture and a gel-type carrier agent. The gel-type carrier agent at least temporarily maintains the polishing constituent mixture in suspension prior to and during application to the work surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1992
    Inventor: Ronald C. Wiand
  • Patent number: 5118356
    Abstract: Photographic processing devices such as stainless steel racks and tanks are cleaned to remove contaminants such as silver by contacting the devices with a cleaning solution comprising water, a mineral acid such as nitric acid, a soluble cerium (IV) salt such as ceric ammonium nitrate, and acetic acid. The cleaning solutions have a pH no greater than 1. The acetic acid inhibits the formation of a brown stain on the stainless steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1992
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Charles M. Darmon, William G. Henry, Paul A. Schwartz
  • Patent number: 5114437
    Abstract: A polishing composition for metallic materials, which comprises water, an alumina polishing agent, and a polishing accelerator, wherein the polishing accelerator is at least one selected from the group consisting of chromium(III) nitrate, lanthanum nitrate, ammonium cerium(III) nitrate, and neodymium nitrate. The polishing composition has a high polishing efficiency and provides a good surface smoothness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1992
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Takeuchi, Koji Yamamoto, Hiroshi Umezaki
  • Patent number: 5112394
    Abstract: A furniture polish concentrate is disclosed. Also disclosed is a furniture polish composition formulated from such a concentrate. The furniture polish concentrate comprises dimethyl silicone and a poly-(dimethyl)-copoly(methyl, oxygen-containing) siloxane copolymer, structurally depicted as ##STR1## wherein "A.sub.1 " is Si--(--CH.sub.3).sub.3 ; wherein "A.sub.2 " is O--Si--(--CH.sub.3).sub.3 ; wherein "B" is (CH.sub.2).sub.i (M).sub.j (L)(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 O).sub.n R; wherein "i" is either 0 or an integer value of 3 to 8 inclusive; wherein "j" is either 1 when "i" is 0 or is 0 when "i" is 3 to 8 inclusive; wherein "M" is ##STR2## wherein "L" is either --O-- or is --COO--; wherein "n" is either 0 or is an integer value of 1 to 3 inclusive; wherein "R" is either --H, CH.sub.3, or --C.sub.2 H.sub.5 ; wherein "y" is about 18 to about 60 mole percent; and wherein the sum of "A.sub.1 ", "A.sub.2 ", "y" and "z" is 100 mole percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1992
    Assignee: S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric J. Miller
  • Patent number: 5106394
    Abstract: An optical glass fiber polishing apparatus and method utilizing a slurry prised of water, CeO, glycerin and where needed, a base such as NaOh, to realize transmission loss in the fiber as it is polished towards the fiber core. The intensity of light introduced at one end of the fiber is measured at the opposite end, continuously and without interruption of the polishing, to determine polishing progress through the cladding towards the core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Michael Bramson
  • Patent number: 5104421
    Abstract: A polishing method and abrasive pads used to polish of abrade, for example, lenses. The pad is manufactured with an abrasives such as grains of the mean diameter: 0.5-10 .mu.m of alumina, zirconium oxide, tin oxide, and cerium oxide, a kind of water-soluble cellulose ether selected from the group of hydroxypropylmethyl and the like, and a kind of insolubilizing agent such as glyoxal, citric acid, and the like. The substances above are blended and coated on a sheet-like substrate. In polishing process, only water is poured between the rotating abrasives pad and goods to be polished.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: Fujimi Abrasives Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Gisaburo Takizawa, Tetsushi Senda, Shiro Miura
  • Patent number: 5094687
    Abstract: A buffing composition for imparting very fine finishes to automobile surfaces. The buffing composition contains no silicone-containing materials and comprises alumina abrasive and a synthetic wax dispersed in a liquid medium. The liquid medium can be a solvent, water, a hydrocarbon oil, or mixtures thereof. The buffing composition can optionally contain other additives or modifiers such as wetting agents, thickeners, stabilizers, preservatives, emulsifiers, dyes, pigments and perfumes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1992
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Normita P. Elepano
  • Patent number: 5092922
    Abstract: A polishing agent comprising a composition prepared by mixing(I) a polymerization product obtained by addition polymerization of a particular organohydrogenpolysiloxane and a particular organopolysiloxane having silicon-bonded aliphatic unsaturated bonds, in the presence of from 10 to 200 parts by weight of a low-viscosity silicone oil per 100 parts by weight of the total amount of said organohydrogenpolysiloxane and said organopolysiloxane; and(II) a low-viscosity oil with a viscosity of not more than 10 cSt at 25.degree. C. This polishing agent has good durable water-resistance as well as has good workability in coating operation, and therefore is suited to cars, furniture and so forth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Kuwata, Koji Sakuta
  • Patent number: 5085695
    Abstract: An essentially wax-free cleaner-polisher composition that cleans while maintaining excellent gloss and superior protection against water and a mixture of alcohol and water damage in a one-step application is described. The composition comprises about, a) 30% to 90% water, b) 1 to 4% by weight acrylate polymer, c) 4% to 12% co-solvent and/or 0.5% to 6% surface active agents, d) 4-40 silicone oil and/or mineral oil and optically, e) 0 to 3 percent by weight of fluoroalkyl polymer, f) 0 to 0.5% a fragrance, and g) 0 to 5 percent by weight of a wax emulsion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1992
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Neil A. Randen, Vinu Patel
  • Patent number: 5085694
    Abstract: An improved polish having improved rub-out characteristics results when a silylated polyether film former is incorporated into a conventional polish formulation. The silylated polyether contains at least one polyoxyalkylene block selected from the group consisting of polyoxyethylene and polyoxypropylene in its molecule wherein the polyoxyalkylene block is attached through an organic connecting group to a silicon atom bearing at least one hydrolyzable group. A preferred water-in-oil emulsion embodiment of the polish is particularly suitable for automotive or marine applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1992
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventor: Martin E. Cifuentes
  • Patent number: 5078754
    Abstract: The invention relates to a system and apparatus and a method for finishing and polishing a dental composite restorative material in a tooth. The system of the invention uses an elastomeric polymer disc which is impregnated with an abrasive for reducing of the composite, and a felt, suede, or elastomeric polymer foam element for polishing the composite. A method of using the above apparatus in a finishing/polishing system is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1992
    Assignee: Dentsply Research & Development Corp.
    Inventors: Steven R. Jefferies, Roy L. Smith, Russell D. Green
  • Patent number: 5071639
    Abstract: A nail cosmetic composition containing an organically modified montmorillonite, a silica and a nonaromatic solvent, and preferably an anionic surfactant, is safe for use on the human body and is free from sedimentation of a pearl agent contained therein, has an excellent stability over a long period, and has good physical properties such as coating and useability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1991
    Assignee: Shiseido Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshikazu Soyama, Makoto Takahashi, Yoshiyuki Ogusu, Toru Okamoto, Motokiyo Nakano
  • Patent number: 5057152
    Abstract: This invention relates to surface cleaner/polish compositions comprising (i) a volatile liquid carrier selected from water, a monohydroxy alcohol having from 1 to 5 carbon atoms and mixtures thereof, and (ii) a crystalline aluminosilicate selected from Zeolite A, Zeolite X, Zeolite, Y, Zeolite P and mixtures thereof as an abrasive material, wherein said crystalline aluminosilicate has a particle size distribution sufficient to (a) provide enhanced wettability properties, (b) provide enhanced dispersion stability, (c) provide enhanced anti-fogging properties, (d) reduce or eliminate residual filming, and/or (e) reduce or eliminate dust during surface removal. This invention also relates to a process for preparation of the surface cleaner/polish compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1991
    Assignee: UOP
    Inventors: Bonita K. Marcus, Anthony J. Gioffre, Marianne Elliott
  • Patent number: 5055132
    Abstract: The addition of 2-pyrrolidone in combination with a surfactant having an HLB range of 13 to 15 and a formula C.sub.9 H.sub.19 C.sub.6 H.sub.4 (OCH.sub.2 OCH.sub.2).sub.n OH in which n has an average value of 15 improves the gloss and depth of gloss of floor polish compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: William J. Fernandez, Francis L. McCarthy
  • Patent number: 5043012
    Abstract: The glazing agent contains at least one member selected from a group consisting of a petroleum solvent, silicone oil and wax and at least one member selected from a group consisting of a lower alcohol, oil-soluble ionic surfactant and silicone resin.The glazing agent is excellent in detergency of a stain, or lime deposit, particularly on a coating surface of the vehicle body, as well as in water repelency and its continuity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1991
    Assignee: Taiho Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seigo Shinohara, Kiyoshi Okamura, Tetsuo Kijima
  • Patent number: 5041235
    Abstract: A process and liquid composition for cleaning, restoring and polishing a hard, porous surface wherein the composition contains from 0.1 to 4 weight percent of a surfactant, from 5 to 20 weight percent of a synthetic hydrocarbon oil, and from 76 to 94.9 weight percent of a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 aliphatic alcohol. The composition may be applied to a variety of work surfaces such as work benches and kitchen counters, particularly porous surfaces such as slate, wood, vinyl, tile and rubber, wiped thereon and the surface allowed to dry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1991
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventor: Alan C. Kilbarger
  • Patent number: 5028458
    Abstract: There is disclosed an antiseptic polish for covering highly touched surfaces which contain a solution comprising Povidone-Iodine of approximately 7.5 to 10 percent by volume dispersed in a liquid polish.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1991
    Assignee: Warren F. B. Lindsley
    Inventor: Fred Mineck
  • Patent number: 5026421
    Abstract: An improved glass polishing composition that contains ceric oxide and a boron compound. A process for the preparation of this composition is also disclosed. The polishing composition has improved suspension properties while still maintaining a high polishing efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1991
    Assignee: Rhone-Poulenc Chimie
    Inventors: Jean-Luc Le Loarer, Francis Tastu
  • Patent number: 5017222
    Abstract: A polish formulation containing as components thereof at least one member selected from the group consisting of waxes, solvents, surfactants, thickening agents, abrasives, dyes, odorants, and other ingredients normally used in making polishes. The improvement resides in incorporating into the polish formulation at least one wax in the form of micronized particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Martin E. Cifuentes, Suzanne M. Greenleaf
  • Patent number: 5017221
    Abstract: An emulsion and a mixture including water, at least one surfactant, and a polymethylalkylsiloxane. The polymethylalkylsiloxane has the formula: ##STR1## wherein R is a methyl radical, a is an integer from one to about three thousand, and b is an integer from one to about ten. Also disclosed is a method of rendering a surface repellent to water by treating the surface with an effective amount of the foregoing emulsion. The surface being treated is an organic surface, and can be a rubber surface such as wires, cables, the sidewall of a pneumatic tire, footwear, molded goods, and coated fabrics. The surface can also be a vinyl surface such as flooring, shower curtains, rain coats, automative seat upholstery, residential siding, and piping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Gary E. Legrow, Donald T. Liles
  • Patent number: 5000761
    Abstract: A surfacing pad is produced by dispersing abrasive particles in a flexible, water absorbent matrix that is secured on a flexible, fabric substrate, which functions as a reservoir for a liquid. By applying to the pad a small quantity of liquid sufficient to wet the matrix and to saturate the substrate, it is possible by rubbing the surfaces of a workpiece and the wetted matrix to create an abrasive surfacing gel between the workpiece and the pad substrate, thus eliminating the need for directing a slurry or other liquid onto the workpiece during a surfacing operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1991
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Mark M. Mayton, Alan J. LoPresti
  • Patent number: 4999054
    Abstract: Non-toxic, non-electrolytic solutions, creams and immersion baths are provided for gold plating metallic items such as silver, copper, nickel, brass and gold alloys, as well as silver plated or gold plated items. Water soluble gold salts are used, together with reducing compounds. Water soluble gold salts can also be used with complexing compounds and stabilizers. For convenience, the gold plating ingredients may be combined with salts to form tablets or powders. Addition of water to the tablets or powder provides the novel solutions and immersion baths. The ingredients can also be reached with the metallic item in the presence of a metallic reaction enhancer. The amount of gold generating compound in the solutions and creams is selected to either replenish or maintain the amount of gold on an item which already has a gold surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 12, 1991
    Assignee: Lamerie, N.V.
    Inventors: Lawrence M. Perovetz, Nagendra N. Bhattacharya
  • Patent number: 4997478
    Abstract: The invention comprehends a silicone emulsion composition containing a nonionic polydimethyl siloxane emulsion, a cationic amodimethicone emulsion, and a cationic aminofunctional silicone emulsion. When the silicone composition is sprayed onto a painted metal surface and wiped with an absorbent cloth, a protective, high-gloss, substantive protective layer of silicone is deposited on the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1991
    Assignee: Blue Chip Stamps
    Inventor: Norman Gordon
  • Patent number: 4960463
    Abstract: An aqueous polish composition comprising a polymeric polish material and an alkoxylated amine sulfactant is disclosed. Also disclosed is a method of making the aqueous polish composition as well as a method of using an alkoxylated amine surfactant to improve selected physical properties of a polymeric polish material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 2, 1990
    Assignee: S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
    Inventor: Oliver M. Brown
  • Patent number: 4956015
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polishing composition comprising water, .alpha.-alumina and boehmite. The addition of boehmite contributes to an improvement of the polishing performance to provide an excellent polished surface and a high polishing rate. The polishing performance can further be improved by incorporating at least one member selected from the group consisting of a water-soluble metal salt, an ammonium salt and a metal nitrite. The polishing composition of the present invention is suitable for polishing metals, plastics or glass. It is particularly useful for polishing a surface of a memory hard disk plated with nickel or a nickel alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1990
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Kasei Corporation
    Inventors: Taizo Okajima, Kouichi Ootani, Tsutomu Yamada
  • Patent number: 4954142
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of chem-mech polishing an electronic component substrate. The method includes the following steps;obtaining a substrate having at least two features thereon or therein which have a different etch rate with respect to a particular etchant; andcontacting the substrate with a polishing pad while contacting the substrate with a slurry containing the etchant wherein the slurry includes abrasive particles, a transition metal chelated salt and a solvent for the salt.The chem-mech polishing causes the at least two features to be substantially coplanar. Also disclosed is the chem-mech polishing slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey W. Carr, Lawrence D. David, William L. Guthrie, Frank B. Kaufman, William J. Patrick, Kenneth P. Rodbell, Robert W. Pasco, Anton Nenadic
  • Patent number: 4952240
    Abstract: A compound containing a tall oil fatty acid, oleic diethanol amide, aluminum oxide abrasive material, and organo-treated bentonite provides a polish for metals, such as aluminum, having a uniform viscosity and the abrasive particles uniformly dispersed throughout the carrier. Water may be added to form a scratch removing compound. Mineral spirits may be substituted for the fatty acid in the scratch remover to form a prepolish compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: Pro-Max Performance, Inc.
    Inventor: Ray E. Smith
  • Patent number: 4950467
    Abstract: Sunscreen compositions are described which contain certain 5-phenylpentadienoate esters which act as UV filters when incorporated in a carrier in amounts ranging from 0.1-50% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Assignee: ICI Americas Inc.
    Inventors: Charalambos J. Phalangas, Alfred J. Restaino, Lau S. Yang
  • Patent number: 4936914
    Abstract: Disclosed are emulsion polish compositions comprising a copolymeric siloxane selected from the group consisting of a poly(dimethyl)-co-poly(methylalkyl) siloxane polymer, a poly(dimethyl)-co-poly(methyl, oxygen-containing) siloxane polymer, and combinations thereof. The poly(dimethyl)-co-poly(methylalkyl) siloxane copolymer has the formula ##STR1## wherein "A" is an alkyl radical having 10-20 carbon atoms, and wherein "w" is 70-91 mole percent and "x" is 9-30 mole percent. The poly(dimethyl)-co-poly(methyl, oxygen-containing) siloxane copolymer has the formula ##STR2## wherein "B" is (CH.sub.2).sub.i (L)(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 O).sub.n R, wherein "i" is an integer from 3 to 10 inclusive, wherein "L" is either --O-- or --COO--, wherein "n" is either zero or an integer from 1 to 3 inclusive, wherein "R" is --H, --CH.sub.3, or --C.sub.2 H.sub.5, and wherein "y" is 62-92 mole percent and "z" is 8-38 mole percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1990
    Assignee: S. C. Johnson & Con, Inc.
    Inventors: Steve M. Hurley, Eric J. Miller, Husam A. A. Rasoul
  • Patent number: 4935533
    Abstract: Sunscreen compositions are described which contain certain 1-cyclohexenylacetonitrile derivatives of aldehydes which act as UV filters when incorporated in a carrier in amounts ranging from 0.1-50% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Assignee: ICI Americas Inc.
    Inventor: Donald J. Gosciniak
  • Patent number: 4935039
    Abstract: An effective abrasive composition is provided for polishing a plastic article, particularly a plastic lens, to give a mirror surface thereto. This abrasive composition comprises water, an aluminous abrasive and at least one polishing accelerator selected from the group consisting of aluminum oxalate and aluminum lactate, optionally with at least one sedimentation preventing agent selected from the group consisting of crystalline cellulose and colloidal alumnia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Assignees: Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha, Yamaguchi Seiken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kunihiro Miyazaki, Fumio Imai, Yoshinobu Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 4929257
    Abstract: An abrasive composition comprising: an aluminous abrasive, preferably having an average particle size of 0.5-10 .mu.m and a concentration of 1 to 25% by weight; nickel sulfamate and/or sulfate, preferably having a concentration of 0.5 to 10% by weight; magnesium nitrate, preferably having a concentration of 0.1 to 12% by weight and water, the composition preferably having a pH of 4 to 7. This abrasive composition produces a superior effect, particularly a reduction of protrusions and pits and deep scratches when used for polishing an aluminum-based substrate for a magnetic recording disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1990
    Assignees: Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha, Yamaguchi Seiken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kunihiro Miyazaki, Ken Ishitobi, Yosinobu Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 4925491
    Abstract: Non-toxic solutions are provided to silver plate metallic items and previously silver plated items. Solutions and creams are also provided which simultaneously silver plate and polish such items. The amount of silver generating compound is selected to either maintain or replenish the amount of silver plating on the items. Solutions are also provided to prevent staining during the silver plating and polishing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: Lamerie, N.V.
    Inventors: Lawrence M. Perovetz, Jack Pickthall, deceased, Terence Pickthall, executor
  • Patent number: 4923514
    Abstract: An aqueous polish composition comprising a polymeric polish material and an alkoxylated amine surfactant is disclosed. Also disclosed is a method of making the aqueous polish composition as well as a method of using an alkoxylated amine surfactant to improve selected physical properties of a polymeric polish material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1990
    Assignee: S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
    Inventor: Oliver M. Brown
  • Patent number: 4915710
    Abstract: An abrasive composition particularly suitable for polishing an aluminum-based substrate for a magnetic recording disc, the composition comprising: an alumineous abrasive, preferably in an amount of 3 to 25% by weight; a polishing accelerator of gluconic and/or lactic acid, preferably in an amount of 0.1 to 3% by weight; optionally with sodium gluconate and/or sodium lactate in an amount of 0.1 to 3% by weight; colloidal alumina, preferably in an amount of 0.1 to 5% by weight; and water, the composition typically having a pH of 3 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1990
    Assignees: Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha, Yamaguchi Seiken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kunihiro Miyazaki, Ken Ishitobi, Yoshinobu Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 4898614
    Abstract: A polish formulation containing as components at least one member selected from the group consisting of waxes, solvents, surfactants, thickening agents, abrasives, dyes, odorants, and other ingredients normally used in making polishes, and as an improvement incorporating a composition which is the reaction product of an acid anhydride and an aminofunctional siloxane. The resulting zwitterionic aminofunctional siloxane can, if desired, be further reacted with a strong acid to provide an equilibrium of the zwitterion and a conjugate acid base pair of the zwitterion and the acid. The invention also includes a method of sheeting water on a surface with the polish, a method of making an aminofunctional siloxane zwitterionomer, and an aminofunctional zwitterionomeric siloxane compound which is the reaction product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1990
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel J. Halloran, Kenneth A. Kasprzak, Stefano G. Savastano, Terence J. Swihart
  • Patent number: 4898598
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a compound and method for polishing stone wherein the compound is a mixture of metallic oxides, a resin and a pre-prepared gel which compound is utilized in conjunction with sandpaper of varying grits to provide a smooth high-gloss finish to the cut, rough-edged stone or marble.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1990
    Assignee: Superior Granite & Marble Restoration
    Inventor: Manuel Zapata
  • Patent number: 4883502
    Abstract: An abrasive composition comprising: an aluminous abrasive, preferably having an average particle size of 0.5-10 .mu.m and a concentration of 1 to 25% by weight; nickel sulfamate, preferably having a concentration of 0.5 to 10% by weight; and water, the composition preferably having a pH of 4 to 7. This abrasive composition produces a superior effect when used for polishing an aluminum-based substrate for a magnetic recording disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1989
    Assignee: Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kunihiro Miyazaki, Ken Ishitobi
  • Patent number: 4880557
    Abstract: A spray lustering-cleansing agent is produced by preparing a basic material substantially comprising 5.0 to 60 wt % of silicone oil obtained by emulsifying silicone oil with water in the presence of an emulsifier, 0.1 to 10.0 wt % of an emulsifier, and water and charging a spray can with the basic material in combination with a foam regulating agent and a propellant. A single spray is enough for the lustering-cleansing agent to clean a dirty tire and, at the same time, impart luster to the surface. Additional incorporation of a water-soluble organic base in the agent enables this agent to manifest an improved foaming property and consequently an improved lustering-cleansing effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1989
    Assignee: Taiho Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sosaburo Ohara, Atsushi Ikeda, Seigo Shinohara, Tetsuo Kijima
  • Patent number: 4872910
    Abstract: Combining a carboxylated acrylic latex binder/surfactant/metal salt premix with a polymer binder/LiCl PEO complex/plasticizer premix produces a storage stable, conductive floor polish composition. Coated on a floor, the composition provides high gloss with a surface resistivity of 10.sup.6 ohm/sq. compared to present commercial antistatic floor polishes with a surface resistivity of 10.sup.9 ohm/sq.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1989
    Assignee: Armstrong World Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: James M. Eshleman, Kenneth K. Ko
  • Patent number: 4861374
    Abstract: A non-abrasive polish or cleaning composition is disclosed, which comprises an aqueous solution having a pH-value within the range of -1 to 0 and containing 0.01-10% by weight of a substance obtained by(a) oxidizing an aqueous solution comprising 0.01-10% by weight of thiourea having a pH-value of 0-1, preferably 0.1-0.5, by means of a potent oxidizing agent or by electrolysis of the solution to the formation of a disulphide derivative of thiourea and(b) subsequent heating of the solution to the boiling point thereof for at least two hours.The invention also comprises a process for the preparation of the composition according to the invention, which process comprises preparing an acid aqueous solution containing 0.01-10% by weight of thiourea and having a pH-value within the range of 0-1, preferably 0.1-0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1989
    Inventor: Jan-Olof Eriksson
  • Patent number: 4859359
    Abstract: A composition is described which cleans, imparts water repellency and polishes hard surfaces. This composition comprises a solvent mixture of a glycol ether, a lower aliphatic alcohol, a hydrocarbon solvent and water, together with an organic polysiloxane, a silane, and a polycarboxylic chelating acid. A preferred composition contains propylene glycol monomethyl ether, isopropanol, high flash naphtha or mineral spirits, a polydimethysiloxane, citric acid, and orange oil terpene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1989
    Assignee: Dyna-5, Inc.
    Inventors: John A. DeMatteo, Gregory P. Pilant