Externally Encircling Patents (Class 138/161)
  • Patent number: 8869879
    Abstract: An inside regular filler layer is disposed inside a pipe where heat is exchanged between an inside and an outside of a pipe wall so as to abut an inner peripheral surface of the pipe, and an outside regular filler layer is disposed outside the pipe so as to surround the pipe and closely contact an outer peripheral surface of the pipe. The outer peripheral surface of the pipe is subjected to close contact-promoting processing in order to enhance close contacting feature between the outer peripheral surface and the outside regular filler layer. The pipe/filler unit is used for the distillation section of an internal heat exchanging type distillation column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignees: Kimura Chemical Plants Co., Ltd., National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Toshinari Nakanishi, Kazumasa Aso, Kensuke Iuchi, Kinpei Horiuchi, Masaru Nakaiwa
  • Patent number: 8607826
    Abstract: Interlocking bend limiter sections are substantially mirror images of each other and are joined to form an interlocking bend limiter segment without use of fasteners by engaging engaging each other's interlocking ends. An interlocking bend limiter comprises a plurality of interlocking bend limiter segment secured at an end by an end piece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Oceaneering International, Inc.
    Inventors: Dan Krohn, Nghia K. Vuong
  • Patent number: 7913718
    Abstract: A noise reduction system for use with a DWV system to reduce the noise emitted from the DWV system when waste water flows through the DWV system. The noise reduction system includes a sleeve and a spacer. The noise reduction system is mounted on the pipes and fittings of the DWV system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Inventor: Kenneth R. Cornwall
  • Publication number: 20100269946
    Abstract: An apparatus for thermally hygrometrically processing and conditioning air for classified environments and preparing foods, characterized in that said apparatus comprises a stainless steel inner bottom and monolithic thermally insulated panels, said panels comprising an outer wall and an inner wall therebetween a thermally insulating material is arranged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Publication date: October 28, 2010
    Applicant: SINTECO IMPIANTI S.r.I.,
    Inventor: Adam Franck
  • Patent number: 7819435
    Abstract: A rehabilitating pipe for repairing an existing pipe has pipe units that are mutually coupled in a longitudinal direction of the existing pipe. Each of the pipe units has segments that are mutually coupled in a circumferential direction of the existing pipe. Each of the segments has an inner-surface plate and an outer-wall plate extending vertically from and around an entire perimeter of the inner-surface plate. The outer-wall plate has lateral plates extending along a longitudinal direction of the inner-surface plate and end plates connected between the respective lateral plates. Connecting members couple the segments together in the circumferential direction to assemble the pipe unit. A restraining member is attached to and encircles an outer circumference of the assembled pipe unit to restrain the pipe unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Shonan Gosei-Jushi Seisakusho K.K.
    Inventors: Takao Kamiyama, Koji Kaneta, Kenji Fujii, Makoto Ishida, Yoichi Nakamura
  • Patent number: 7798176
    Abstract: An insulating panel for a conditioned-air distribution duct, a distribution duct including at least one insulating panel, a method for manufacturing a distribution duct using at least one insulating panel, and to an instrument for cutting the panel. The insulating panel includes at least one insulating core based on mineral wool, preferably on rock wool, and possibly including an exterior layer, for example based on a thin skin of aluminum. On one exterior face a plurality of marks are provided that are straight and oblique with respect to a longitudinal direction of the panel, the marks forming two sets of opposing inclinations oriented at an angle with respect to the longitudinal direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Isover
    Inventor: Gabriel Navarro Niedercorn
  • Patent number: 7762283
    Abstract: The present invention provides a covering member including: a surrounding member including a heat insulating material and having a heat generating member or a heat insulating function, the surrounding member being wound from an open state so as to cover an object; and a fixing unit including: an engagement member including: a ring including a heat resistant elastic material; and a hook fitted to the ring; a holding member disposed on one end of the surrounding member, the holding member fastening the ring of the engagement member to hold the engagement member; and a receiving member disposed on one end of the surrounding member so as to correspond to the holding member, the receiving member including a receiving metal fitting to be engaged with the hook of the engagement member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Assignees: Nichias Corporation, Thermos Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Sasaki, Yoshiyuki Motoyoshi, Mitsushi Wadasako, Daisaku Seki, Emico Taguchi
  • Publication number: 20090260705
    Abstract: A concrete hose safety device has two stiff elongated hemi-cylindrical sections which may be half tubes or less than half, the sections having internal diameters roughly equal to the external diameter of a concrete hose. A plurality of hinge straps secure the sections in parallel and allowing them to open to allow a concrete hose to be laid therein and closed with the concrete hose secured therein. A plurality of closure straps then hold the device closed. In use, an operator may simply rely on-the device to prevent the concrete hose from whipping due to air in the hose, surge and so on.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Publication date: October 22, 2009
    Inventor: Leslie Ernest Ainsworth
  • Patent number: 7591286
    Abstract: A channel shaped extruded duct unit cooperates with an identical duct unit to form a closed duct therewith. The duct unit has at least one integral longitudinally extending attachment formation configured to hold captive relative to the duct unit a plurality of complementary clamp elements adapted to operatively encircle a composite duct and hold the two constituent duct units in their duct defining relationship. The clamp elements have a pair of cooperating integral catch formations whereby a pair of clamp elements can be clipped together to form an operatively substantially endless clamp encircling a closed duct and an integral outwardly directed circumferential terminal flange at each axial end thereof. Generally, semicircular clip units are provided to connect the terminal flanges associated with the ends of collinear duct assemblies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2009
    Assignee: Project Control and Engineering Services (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventor: Barry Howard
  • Publication number: 20080169038
    Abstract: A wrappable heat shield for an exhaust pipe and methods of construction and installation thereor includes an outer layer of metal having opposite inner and outer faces extending between opposite sides. An inner layer of non-woven insulation is attached to the the outer layer by a crimped portion extending along one of the opposite sides of the outer layer. The inner layer has a width sufficient to extend completely about a circumference of the exhaust pipe and is arranged in continuous contact with the exhaust pipe about its circumference while the outer layer remains spaced therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2008
    Publication date: July 17, 2008
    Inventors: Timothy David Sellis, John Emerson Burdy, Zhong Huai Zhang, Linwood Ludy, William T. Rubel
  • Patent number: 7168452
    Abstract: A covering body for heating a pipe to be attached to the pipe and to conduct external heat to heat the pipe, including: a surrounding body including at least two parts having a divided shape of a cylindrical body along an axial line of the cylindrical body, the surrounding body having: a through hole having a diameter corresponding to an outer diameter of the pipe; and a concave groove provided on an outer peripheral surface of at least one of the at least two parts and extending in a longitudinal direction of the surrounding body, a fitting member including: a first fitting plate including a first arc band-shaped plate longer than a half of circumference of an outer peripheral surface of the surrounding body and having a first extended portion and a first cutout at one end of the first arc band-shaped plate; a second fitting plate including a second arc band-shaped plate longer than the half of circumference of the outer peripheral surface of the surrounding body and having, at one end of the second arc band
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Assignee: Nichias Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Sasaki, Yoshiyuki Motoyoshi, Tsuyoshi Kobayashi, Mitsushi Wadasako, Kiyoshi Kumasawa
  • Patent number: 7152633
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a heat shield for pipes and tubes that is flexible, has an interior insulating layer, and has an exterior reflective layer. A shield may include a flap extending from the shield body for covering a portion of the component not already covered by the shield body. The interior layer faces the exhaust pipe, is made of woven silica, and may include a conductive coating. The exterior layer is an aluminum finish. The heat shield may be secured with stainless steel clamps or a lace and installed on an installed pipe or tube. The heat shield may be installed with an air gap between the pipe and the heat shield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Assignee: Thermo-Tec
    Inventor: James E. White
  • Patent number: 7100641
    Abstract: There is described ducting comprising a plurality of interconnectible elongate ducting components (2, 4) which when assembled define an elongate, longitudinally extending internal channel (22) for receiving a pipe, cable or like elongate member, each ducting component having a shaped inner face (14) with a longitudinal recess (20) such that the components can be assembled with confronting inner faces (16, 18), their respective longitudinal recesses being thereby aligned to form the channel, the ducting further comprising tension bands (6) for securing assembled pairs of components to one another, wherein each ducting component is provided with a transversely extending internal cavity for receiving a tension band, the cavity having two open ends so that the band can pass through the internal cavity of one ducting component and though a corresponding internal cavity of an adjacent ducting component in order to secure one to the other, at least part of the band being thereby contained and protected within the ca
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: CRP Group Limited
    Inventors: Andrew Charles Ratcliffe Tyrer, Richard Hepworth
  • Patent number: 7082730
    Abstract: A sealing system (11) for sealing off a passage of a pipeline (2) in a wall (1) including a sealing strip (3) for sealing off the passage and three support members (4.1, 4.2, 4.3) for supporting the sealing strip (3). Each support member (4.1, 4.2, 4.3) has a fastening section (41.1) for attaching the support member (4.1, 4.2, 4.3) to the wall (1). The support elements (4.1, 4.2, 4.3) each have three sleeve sections (42, 43.1, 43.2). Engagement mandrels or points for engaging in the sealing strip (3) are provided on two of the sleeve sections (42.1, 43.2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: Hilti Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Monden, Manfred Klein
  • Patent number: 6983767
    Abstract: A covering for a suction hose includes a sleeve positioned around a suction hose and restraints positioned at the ends of the sleeve for removably coupling the sleeve to the suction hose. The suction hose has a length and the sleeve extends at least along a portion of the length of the suction hose. Handles, pockets, lashes or ties, and reflective materials may be positioned on the sleeve. Indicia may also be positioned on the sleeve. A method of advertising and a method of transporting a suction hose is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2006
    Assignee: Action Coupling and Equipment, Inc.
    Inventor: Lisa M. Rickards
  • Patent number: 6761189
    Abstract: A wearing ring, particularly for protecting a cable guide hose on a robot, with an inner ring and an outer ring having in each case two half-shells is characterized in that the half-shells of at least one of the rings can be locked together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Kuka Roboter GmbH
    Inventors: Alwin Berninger, Stefan Karlinger
  • Patent number: 6382260
    Abstract: An adjustable jacket and method of covering an insulated conduit, the jacket having two parts which together form a cylindrical configuration over the insulated conduit. Overlapping flanges of the two parts equipped with grooves and ridges allow tightening of the two parts so that the jacket conforms to the underlying conduit having bends and curves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Inventor: Charles G. Sproule, III
  • Publication number: 20020029816
    Abstract: An adjustable jacket and method of covering an insulated conduit, the jacket having two parts which together form a cylindrical configuration over the insulated conduit. Overlapping flanges of the two parts equipped with grooves and ridges allow tightening of the two parts so that the jacket conforms to the underlying conduit having bends and curves.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Inventor: Charles G. Sproule
  • Patent number: 6338366
    Abstract: A pipe insulation and fire retardant composition and method for coating the inside and/or outside surfaces of a thin flexible metal, fiberglass or plastic jacket, and measured in fractions of an inch, for pipes and pipe fixtures carrying hot fluids, to markedly reduce the loss of heat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2002
    Inventor: David R. Williams
  • Patent number: 6315005
    Abstract: An adjustable jacket and method of covering an insulated conduit, the jacket having two parts which together form a cylindrical configuration over the insulated conduit. Overlapping flanges of the two parts equipped with grooves and ridges allow tightening of the two parts so that the jacket conforms to the underlying conduit having bends and curves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Inventor: Charles G. Sproule, III
  • Patent number: 5692544
    Abstract: The assembly is designed to contain a leak arising from a damaged gasket positioned between the flanges of a pipe connection forming part of a pipeline carrying pressurized fluid. The assembly comprises a pair of steel half rings that are hinged together at one end so that they can be mounted to the connection in the form of a split ring. Each half ring contains an elongate seal element having an annular configuration. The ends of the half rings are lapped so that the split ring can be contracted with the ring ends overlapping. A chain and clamp assembly is tightened around the split ring to compress the seal elements into sealing engagement with the flanges. Shoulders formed by the half rings squeeze the abutting seal element ends together to effect a seal at the split ring breaks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1997
    Assignee: International Pipeline, Inc.
    Inventors: Jaromir Friedrich, Bronislav Walter
  • Patent number: 5649566
    Abstract: A cover assembly and methods for covering undersink piping includes insulative cover pieces placed over respective pipe sections such that their ends are adjacent at pipe junctures. Collars are slidable over or inside the cover pieces to be moved to cover the junctures. An alternative cover structure may be wrapped around the pipe juncture to form a generally continuous insulative cover, or alternatively, the fastening structures are insulated such that when the pipe sections are assembled together, the cover pieces and insulating fastening structures form a continuous insulative cover. In an alternative embodiment, one of the cover pieces is dimensioned to slide upwardly and downwardly on a pipe section and a collar structure is placed over the exposed pipe section to provide a continuous cover piece.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 22, 1997
    Inventor: John A. Helmsderfer
  • Patent number: 5460206
    Abstract: A modular wall liner panel for use in a duct system for containing a flow of gases comprises a central wall segment having a polygonal shape forming an inside wall surface of the, duct and having angularly intersecting pairs of parallel edges. Integral mounting edge flanges are provided adjacent the respective edge of the central wall segment adapted to be detachably securable in place on a supporting grid structure of the duct system wall structure. The grid structure has a plurality of elongated first and second parallel support elements extending transversely to one another and fasteners are provided for detachably securing at least one pair of mounting edge flanges of each duct liner panel to a pair of adjacent parallel support elements of the grid structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: DB Riley, Inc.
    Inventor: Donald M. Sansoucy
  • Patent number: 5341830
    Abstract: A cover assembly for undersink piping is presented having cover pieces for the various piping sections of an undersink P-trap drain assembly. The pieces are configured to cover the various pipe sections of the P-trap and have integral, flexible collars at the ends thereof which overlap the junctures and fastening mechanisms between the different pipe sections. The invention further includes a cover piece for an offset grid drain which is used with a P-trap having a longitudinal slit, a flexible collar on one end, and a band which is placed over the slit cover piece and moved up along the cover piece to hold the slit piece together while the flexible collar is folded downwardly to cover the pipe juncture between the offset grid drain and a P-trap. In one embodiment, the band is removably attached to the integral cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1994
    Assignee: Brocar Products, Inc.
    Inventors: John A. Helmsderfer, T. Michael McRoberts
  • Patent number: 5012842
    Abstract: The tightener comprises a scissor clamp having first and second arms pivotally connected at their upper ends. At their lower ends, the arms are pivotally connected with the ends of a loop of chain that encircles a pair of semi-circular steel shells encircling a pipeline. The rod of a cylinder is pivotally connected to move the front arm toward the rear arm. The cylinder is positioned to operate generally perpendicularly relative to the arms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1991
    Assignee: Interprovincial Pipe Line Company
    Inventor: Donald D. Savard
  • Patent number: 4869294
    Abstract: A buried conduit consisting, in transverse cross-section, of a lower component (2) and a covering upper component (1) which bears on the upper part of the side walls (22) of the lower component (2) by means of lengthwise bearing members (3). According to the invention, the upper component (1) forms an arched vault made so as to have sufficient flexibility to distort slightly under the effect of the forces to which it is subjected, and the lower component (2) is made so as to resist, without distortion, the forces transmitted by the ground and by the upper component (1), both components being fixed to each other along the lengthwise bearing members (3) and the latter consisting of socket joints, so as to permit the bearing parts of the distortable upper component to pivot without sliding relative to the undistortable lower component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1989
    Inventor: Marcel Matiere
  • Patent number: 4533419
    Abstract: A patch closure system for joining heat recoverable sheet material, especially for covering a substrate where the joined material is to be recovered around the substrate, comprises a layer of adhesive on one surface, a part of which is a pressure-sensitive adhesive and the remainder of which is a heat-activatable adhesive. The pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is of such an area and is placed such that, when the patch is placed over the overlap between the edges of the heat recoverable sheet material, the patch will continue to cover the overlap when the sheet material is recovered, even if the heat-activatable adhesive layer has not been used to attach the patch to the sheet material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1985
    Assignee: Raychem Corporation
    Inventors: George Pieslak, Barnie A. Wallace, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4509561
    Abstract: An insulation device for surrounding the uninsulated, adjoining end portions of a preinsulated pipe comprising a plurality of axially extending cylinder segments adapted to be circumferentially joined to form a cylindrical insulating jacket around the uninsulated end portions. The cylinder segments in their undeformed states have a length slightly greater than the combined length of the uninsulated adjoining end portions. The cylindrical insulating jacket has an inside diameter generally conforming to the outside diameter of the uninsulated end portions and an outside diameter generally conforming to the outside diameter of the preinsulated pipe. Each cylinder segment has at least a first pair of rigid arcuate sections and a first resilient arcuate section sandwiched therebetween. The first resilient arcuate sections of all of the cylinder segments are longitudinally positioned in the cylindrical jacket to fall substantially in the same transverse plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1985
    Assignee: Power Piping Company
    Inventor: Milton B. Litz
  • Patent number: 4455112
    Abstract: An enclosure construction for pneumatic tubes and power and control cables installed overhead for remote visual auto teller banking systems which is inexpensive and attractive and readily installed. The enclosure includes plastic half sections which are snap-engaged along laterally opposite longitudinal joints having weather seals therein. One of the plastic half sections is fixed internally to a semicircular clamping member which cooperates with a second clamping member. The clamping members are clamped to the pneumatic tube before one of the plastic enclosure members is assembled with the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1984
    Assignee: Diebold, Incorporated
    Inventor: Walter G. Anders
  • Patent number: 4363681
    Abstract: A thermal insulator for pipe elbows and the like, comprises two pairs of split, sleeve-shaped insulative legs having interior channels in which those pipe sections joined by the elbow are received. The insulator legs include dihedral faces which are oriented toward each other at a medial portion of the elbow, and are formed by inner and outer surfaces which intersect at the central axis of the associated leg. These leg surfaces are inclined at an angle equal to a predetermined fraction of the included angle between the joined pipe sections. The inner faces of the insulator legs abut, and a wedge-shaped collar or gore is disposed between the outer leg surfaces, and includes inclined faces which mate therewith, thereby forming a closed, insulative sleeve about the pipe elbow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1982
    Inventor: Robert O. Williams
  • Patent number: 4327778
    Abstract: A thermal insulator for pipe elbows and the like, comprises two pairs of split, sleeve-shaped insulative legs having interior channels in which those pipe sections joined by the elbow are received. The insulator legs include dihedral faces which are oriented toward each other at a medial portion of the elbow, and are formed by inner and outer surfaces which intersect at the central axis of the associated leg. These leg surfaces are inclined at an angle equal to a predetermined fraction of the included angle between the joined pipe sections. The inner faces of the insulator legs abut, and a wedge-shaped collar or gore is disposed between the outer leg surfaces, and includes inclined faces which mate therewith, thereby forming a closed, insulative sleeve about the pipe elbow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1982
    Inventor: Robert O. Williams
  • Patent number: 4312385
    Abstract: Pipe insulation for water cooled support piping in a reheating furnace comprising refractory semicircular, pivotal complementary sleeves having wire reinforcement embedded in the sleeve refractory material and wherein the wire may be prestretched and located on the inner surface of the refractory insulation to directly contact, metal-to-metal, the outer surface of the cooling pipe. The reinforcing reticulations of the wire are at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the refractory sleeve. They enable stressing of the wire reinforcement simply by turning nuts of J-bolts, eliminating the requirement for welding of the reinforcing wire to the pipe. Longitudinal shoulders on the refractory protect the bolts from the effect of heat of the slab. The construction is such that tightening of the bolts and stressing of the reinforcing wire will cause no relative movement between the wire and refractory insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1980
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1982
    Inventor: Matthias Magera
  • Patent number: 4293005
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for fastening insulation to a pipe which comprises an adjustable crib which is fastened both to the pipe and to the insulation. It prevents the insulation from shifting along the pipe. Additionally, a system for fastening insulation to a pipe is shown which comprises at least one of the cribs which is mounted both to the pipe and to the insulation. Further, a method is disclosed for fastening insulation to a pipe which comprises the steps of securing at least one of the adjustable cribs to a pipe and then connecting the insulation to the crib.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1979
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1981
    Inventor: James J. Kelly
  • Patent number: 4183379
    Abstract: Disclosed is a duct board assembly which comprised a panel of conventional duct board formed of rigid thermal insulation to which is attached boardering strips on one face of the panel; the panel may be provided with spaced, longitudinal grooves to define the wall widths of an air duct section to be formed from the duct board assembly and the outer margins of said panel-framing strips being provided with locking means to provide a closed longitudinal seam for the air duct section and to provide for closed joining, end-to-end, of successive duct sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1980
    Assignee: Mutz Corp.
    Inventors: Ralph L. Marquette, James E. Jones
  • Patent number: 4147186
    Abstract: A thermal insulation assembly for use in conjunction with a similar assembly to encircle an elongated body, said assembly comprising a series of abutting similar U shaped elements which have similar radial and axial orientation, said series and orientation being retained by a plurality of elongated rods passing through said elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1977
    Date of Patent: April 3, 1979
    Assignee: The Carborundum Company
    Inventors: Louis L. Harting, Michael R. Kozlow
  • Patent number: 4063573
    Abstract: A thermal insulation assembly for use in conjunction with a similar assembly to encircle an elongated body, said assembly comprising a series of abutting similar U shaped elements which have similar radial and axial orientation, said series and orientation being retained by a plurality of elongated rods passing through said elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1976
    Date of Patent: December 20, 1977
    Assignee: The Carborundum Company
    Inventors: Louis L. Harting, Michael R. Kozlow