Plural Or Diverse Gassing And/or Filling Cycles Patents (Class 141/49)
  • Patent number: 11260968
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a maintenance apparatus for a shock absorber of a landing gear, comprising a liquid reservoir which can be connected to an interior space of the shock absorber via a liquid line, a gas reservoir which can be connected to the interior space via a gas line, a coupling member for sealingly coupling the liquid reservoir and the gas reservoir, wherein the maintenance apparatus is configured to allow an exchange to occur of liquid and gas between the liquid reservoir and gas reservoir, respectively, and the interior space, the maintenance apparatus comprising control means for determining that a partial volume of the interior space occupied by the gas reaches a reference level as a result of the exchange and for bringing the partial volume of the interior space of the shock absorber respectively occupied by the gas and the liquid to a target level. The invention also relates to a maintenance method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: Fokker Landing Gear B.V.
    Inventor: Kim Gert Andre Rogiers
  • Patent number: 11254449
    Abstract: A method and portable apparatus for servicing a shock absorber on a landing gear assembly of an aircraft in a weight-on-wheels state is disclosed. The shock absorber includes at least one chamber containing both hydraulic fluid and a gas in fluid communication with each other. The apparatus includes a source of gas and a source of hydraulic fluid. The amount of hydraulic fluid in the chamber is corrected, preferably such that the chamber is then filled with a known amount of degassed hydraulic fluid. A pre-set mass of gas is then delivered into the chamber under the control of a gas delivery system of the portable apparatus. More accurate servicing of a shock absorber may thus be provided since account is additionally taken of gas dissolved in hydraulic fluid. By delivering a pre-set mass of gas into the chamber, there is no need to rely on a measure of gas pressure or H-dimension (h) when servicing the shock absorber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Assignee: AIRBUS OPERATIONS LIMITED
    Inventors: Oliver Pountney, Alan Shepherd
  • Patent number: 10954112
    Abstract: An apparatus for filling containers with fluid includes a volumetric filling valve. The volumetric filling valve includes a valve stem having a gas valve portion and a fluid valve portion. An interior passageway of the gas valve portion is positioned interior of the valve stem, wherein the interior passageway positioned to supply a quantity of gas to a filling nozzle. A gas valve actuator is mechanically connected to the valve stem, wherein the gas valve actuator controls an activation of the gas valve portion. A fluid valve actuator is mechanically connected to the valve stem, wherein the fluid valve actuator controls an activation of the fluid valve portion. The volumetric filling valve may be positioned within a filling head container with the gas valve portion positioned at least partially within a quantity of gas and the fluid valve portion positioned within a quantity of fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: ABC FILLERS, INC.
    Inventors: Joseph A. DiCarlo, Scott G. Little
  • Patent number: 8678048
    Abstract: The invention relates to the field of food industry, more particularly, to commercial equipment, and is useful in apparatuses for dispensing beer and other foaming and/or carbonated beverages from an isobaric storage to plastic bottles or glasses for sale in retail kiosks, shops, restaurants, and bars. The technical result of the present invention is a simplified maintenance both of the apparatus for a manual dispensing of beverages as a whole due to excluding the need for a sanitary treatment of a part of the filling pipe each time a container is filled and a simplified maintenance of taps due to eliminating the need for frequent washing of units and parts of these means after the dispensing of beer or another beverage is over. The technical result is reached by two embodiments of the three-way cock (6364), which are installed in the apparatus for a manual dispensing of foaming and/or carbonated beverages to uncovered containers (54).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Inventor: Sergei Aleksandrovich Buchik
  • Patent number: 8002873
    Abstract: A method of increasing the nitrogen concentration within a tire of a vehicle includes transporting a mobile nitrogen concentrating apparatus to a position adjacent the vehicle and concentrating a nitrogen content of a compressed first gas to obtain a second gas. The method also includes coupling the nitrogen concentrating apparatus in fluid communication with the tire and programming an inflator to purge the tire to a predetermined pressure and then pressurizing the container to a predetermined pressure. The method also includes purging the container of a portion of the existing gas and introducing a portion of the second gas into the tire to create a first gas mixture. The method additionally includes purging the container of a portion of the first gas mixture, and introducing a portion of the second gas into the tire to create a second gas mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Inventors: Michael J. Wrosch, Anthony F. Grzelakowski
  • Patent number: 7946511
    Abstract: A manual sprayer for receiving a liquid which includes a gripping knob mounted on one end of a reservoir and a spray assembly mounted in fluid communication on another end of the reservoir, a skirt for supporting the spray assembly against the ground, and a vent for venting the reservoir. The apparatus includes a valve that is actuated by a user gripping the knob and the valve being movable between a closed position preventing communication between the reservoir and the outside and an open position allowing such communication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: Exel Industries
    Inventor: Patrick Ballu
  • Patent number: 7921883
    Abstract: A hydrogen dispenser comprises a programmable controller and a user interface operably connected to the programmable controller. The programmable controller has a plurality of user-selectable hydrogen dispensing rate algorithms. The user interface offers the plurality of user-selectable hydrogen dispensing rate algorithms and is used for setting a user-selected dispensing rate algorithm from among the plurality of user-selectable hydrogen dispensing rate algorithms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph Perry Cohen, David John Farese, Keith David Gourley
  • Publication number: 20090266720
    Abstract: A method and device for protecting rope (the term “rope” meaning herein a traditional rope or any other item that would be degraded by contact with oxygen) from reactive atmospheric gases, the basic method comprising introducing a gas having a greater molecular weight than does oxygen, O2, termed a “heavy gas,” into a container having a low permeability to gas. Preferably, the heavy gas is an inert gas; and, most preferably, the heavy gas is argon. Also preferably, after introduction of the heavy gas, the heavy gas is removed, creating a vacuum within the container; and, most preferably the process of introduction and removal is repeated two times. Optionally, argon can be reintroduced into the container prior to sealing of the container. The device for protecting rope is, logically, the container and its contents resulting from the process just described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2008
    Publication date: October 29, 2009
    Inventor: Mark L. Richards
  • Patent number: 7322384
    Abstract: A hazardous fluid transfer system is automated for controlling transfer of hazardous fluid within a closed environment thus providing protection to an operator handling the transfer. The hazardous fluid is transferred from a source container to a target container using a processor controlled pump responsive to flow and pressure within a liquid line. A pre-programmed processor receives pressure and flow signals from transducers monitoring the liquid line. The processor actuates a valve within a vapor line between the source and target containers in response to pressure within the target container. The valve is opened for allowing vapor to accumulate within an accumulator during a filling of the target container and closed for causing the accumulator to force vapor stored in the accumulator into the source container, thus transferring the liquid from the source container to the target container while maintaining fluid transfer within the closed environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2008
    Assignee: Adapco, Inc.
    Inventors: Avron L. Bryan, Larry D. Heller
  • Patent number: 6805172
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for compensating gas loss in an incubator. A transducer can be used to monitor the gas pressure of various gases that flow into the incubator. By knowing the correct pressure that flows into the chamber, a faster and more accurate compensation can be done during enhancement or depletion of the gases in the incubator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2004
    Assignee: Kendro Laboratory Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Bryan M. Elwood, Richard H. Bair, III
  • Patent number: 6786245
    Abstract: A mobile self-contained self-powered station having a plurality of vessels delivers a pressurized fluid to a receiving tank (e.g., a fuel tank of a hydrogen-powered vehicle) without using mechanical compression, external electric power, or other external utilities. The station includes first and second vessels, a conduit in fluid communication with the receiving tank and each of the first and second vessels, means for transferring at least a portion of a quantity of the pressurized fluid from the first vessel to the receiving tank, means for measuring continuously a pressure differential between the increasing pressure in the receiving tank and the decreasing pressure in the first vessel, means for discontinuing the transfer from the first vessel when a predetermined limit value is reached, and means for transferring at least a portion of a quantity of the pressurized fluid from the second vessel to the receiving tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2004
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald Paul Eichelberger, David John Farese, Joseph Perry Cohen, Richard Layton Colwell
  • Patent number: 6691746
    Abstract: A filling apparatus for, a filling system for and a method of introducing into a container a suspension or solution of a substance, in particular a pharmaceutical substance, in a propellant under pressure, the filling apparatus comprising: a main body (4) including a passageway (20) for communicating, in use, with a valve stem (144) extending from a head (141) of a body (139) of a container (138); a fill actuator (7) comprising a filling valve assembly (29) in communication with the passageway (20) for selectively introducing thereinto propellant under pressure containing a substance in a suspension or solution; an exhaust actuator (10) comprising an exhaust valve assembly (48) in communication with the passageway (20) for selectively exhausting therefrom propellant under pressure containing substance; and a container-engaging body (16) in communication with the passageway (20) for receiving, in use, the head (141) of the body (139) of the container (138), the container-engaging body (16) including a chamber
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2004
    Inventors: John Brennan, Roger Matthews, Stephen Metcalf
  • Patent number: 6672340
    Abstract: A method for filling a vehicle fuel tank with a gas is provided, in which the vehicle fuel tank (31) is connected to a delivery device (2) by a pressure-tight line (10) and the gas stored under pressure is filled into the vehicle fuel tank (31) from a storage unit (3) by means of the delivery device (2). The method comprises the following steps: the instantaneous value of a parameter, which is representative of the instantaneous level of filling of the vehicle fuel tank (31), is determined during filling with the aid of a sensor apparatus (32, 33) arranged in the vehicle fuel tank (31) the filling is ended when the parameter has reached a pre-settable end value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2004
    Assignee: GreenField AG
    Inventor: Heinz Mutter
  • Patent number: 6470922
    Abstract: Apparatus for the recovery of an inert gas, preferably for the recovery of CO2, for use in counterpressure filling machines, the filling elements of which—prior to introduction of a liquid filling material into a container—evacuate this container and at least prepressurize this container with an inert gas under pressure from the pressurizing gas distribution channel:and which elements, during the subsequent introduction of a filling material, conduct the inert gas containing return gas displaced from a corresponding container into a return gas collection channel, wherein a first evacuation system is provided with which the air can be removed from the bottle, and then there is carried out a prepressurizing of the bottles using an inert gas; and a second independent evacuation system is provided with which can be removed and collected, independently of the first evacuation, the inert gas that is being removed by suction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Assignee: KHS Maschinen- und Anlagenbau AG
    Inventor: Siegmar Sindermann
  • Patent number: 6457495
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for filling a container with a liquid product. The apparatus includes various passageways which facilitate the evacuation of the container of atmospheric gases prior to filling as well as facilitating introduction of the liquid product into the container. The apparatus also allows for the introduction of a counter-pressure purge gas to be introduced into the container after evacuation to prevent reintroduction of atmospheric gases into the container during filling of the container with a fluid product. A method in accordance with the instant invention comprises substantially evacuating the container as well as introducing liquid product into the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Inventor: Dave Meheen
  • Patent number: 6457494
    Abstract: A chemical delivery system which utilizes multiple techniques to achieve a suitable chemical purge of the chemical delivery system is provided. A purge sequence serves to purge the manifold and canister connection lines of the chemical delivery system prior to removal of an empty chemical supply canister or after a new canister is installed. More particularly, a purge technique which may utilizes a variety of combinations of a medium level vacuum source, a hard vacuum source, and/or a liquid flush system is disclosed. By utilizing a plurality of purge techniques, chemicals such as TaEth, TDEAT, BST, etc. which pose purging difficulties may be efficiently purged from the chemical delivery system. The chemical delivery system may also be provided with an efficient and conveniently located heater system for heating the chemical delivery system cabinet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: Advanced Technology Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: John N. Gregg, Craig M. Noah, Robert M. Jackson
  • Patent number: 6296025
    Abstract: A chemical delivery system which utilizes multiple techniques to achieve a suitable chemical purge of the chemical delivery system is provided. A purge sequence serves to purge the manifold and canister connection lines of the chemical delivery system prior to removal of an empty chemical supply canister or after a new canister is installed. More particularly, a purge technique which may utilizes a variety of combinations of a medium level vacuum source, a hard vacuum source, and/or a liquid flush system is disclosed. By utilizing a plurality of purge techniques, chemicals such as TaEth, TDEAT, BST, etc. which pose purging difficulties may be efficiently purged from the chemical delivery system. The chemical delivery system may also be provided with an efficient and conveniently located heater system for heating the chemical delivery system cabinet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Advanced Technology Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: John N. Gregg, Craig M. Noah, Robert M. Jackson
  • Patent number: 6296026
    Abstract: A chemical delivery system which utilizes multiple techniques to achieve a suitable chemical purge of the chemical delivery system is provided. A purge sequence serves to purge the manifold and canister connection lines of the chemical delivery system prior to removal of an empty chemical supply canister or after a new canister is installed. More particularly, a purge technique which may utilizes a variety of combinations of a medium level vacuum source, a hard vacuum source, and/or a liquid flush system is disclosed. By utilizing a plurality of purge techniques, chemicals such as TaEth, TDEAT, BST, etc. which pose purging difficulties may be efficiently purged from the chemical delivery system. The chemical delivery system may also be provided with an efficient and conveniently located heater system for heating the chemical delivery system cabinet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Advanced Technology Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: John N. Gregg, Craig M. Noah, Robert M. Jackson
  • Patent number: 6234216
    Abstract: A pipe with a plurality of gas outlet apertures is inserted inside a fill pipe of a liquid storage tank. The fill pipe has an outlet normally covered by the tank contents. The gas pipe conveys the gaseous contents of the fill pipe to a separate outlet as refilling liquid is introduced into the fill pipe. This allows the gas inside the fill pipe to be separately vented from the fill pipe without disturbing the liquid contents of the tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2001
    Inventor: Carl Denby
  • Patent number: 6213169
    Abstract: In a mechanical single-chamber filling system for filling bottles or similar containers with a liquid product, each filling element has a return gas tube that forms a gas or return gas duct that emerges in a gas space of a toroidal bowl. In this gas or return gas duct there is a mechanically actuated pressurization gas valve. The pressurization gas valve is simultaneously realized in the form of a Trinox valve, namely to regulate a Trinox pressure in the respective container, largely independently of the pressure in a Trinox duct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: KHS Maschinen- und Anlagenbau AG
    Inventor: Ludwig Clüsserath
  • Patent number: 6199599
    Abstract: A chemical delivery system which utilizes multiple techniques to achieve a suitable chemical purge of the chemical delivery system is provided. A purge sequence serves to purge the manifold and canister connection lines of the chemical delivery system prior to removal of an empty chemical supply canister or after a new canister is installed. More particularly, a purge technique which may utilizes a variety of combinations of a medium level vacuum source, a hard vacuum source, and/or a liquid flush system is disclosed. By utilizing a plurality of purge techniques, chemicals such as TaEth, TDEAT, BST, etc. which pose purging difficulties may be efficiently purged from the chemical delivery system. The chemical delivery system may also be provided with an efficient and conveniently located heater system for heating the chemical delivery system cabinet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2001
    Assignee: Advanced Delivery & Chemical Systems Ltd.
    Inventors: John N. Gregg, Craig M. Noah, Robert M. Jackson
  • Patent number: 6192946
    Abstract: A bottling system for filling bottles or similar containers with a liquid product has a plurality of filling elements. Each filling element has a liquid valve for the controlled dispensing of the product as well as a plurality of gas ducts realized in a housing of the filling element, which gas ducts can be controlled by at least three separate and individually controlled control valves for each filling element, whereby the bottling method can be changed from an unpressurized bottling, bottling under counter pressure using the single-chamber bottling principle, as well as bottling under counter pressure using the three-chamber bottling pressure, essentially merely by modifying the control program.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2001
    Assignee: KHS Maschinen- und Anlagenbau AG
    Inventor: Ludwig Clüsserath
  • Patent number: 6192947
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a rotary filling machine with injection of inert gas for filling containers with liquids, comprising a rotating platform (2) provided peripherally with a plurality of filling valve assemblies (3), each of which is provided with a duct (4) for supplying the liquid from a storage tank (6) to a container (7) to be filled. Each valve assembly (3) comprises in particular a blow-in pipe (23) provided with an outlet mouth (60) connected to the bottom end of said duct (4), so as to introduce inert gas inside the container (7) in order to reduce the presence of oxygen which may be absorbed by part of the liquid during a step involving filling of the container (7).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2001
    Assignee: MBF S.p.A.
    Inventors: Mauro Ballan, Remigio Boscaro, Pierluigi Allegro
  • Patent number: 6189578
    Abstract: A filling system for filling bottles or similar containers with a liquid product under counter pressure has a plurality of filling elements. Each filling element has a liquid valve for the controlled dispensing of the product as well as a plurality of gas ducts realized in a housing, by means of which ducts at least three separate and individually controlled control valves for each filling element can be controlled so that a wide variety of processes can be conducted for the bottling of the product, and namely merely by varying the actuation of the control valves or by varying a corresponding program for a microprocessor-assisted or computer-assisted control device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2001
    Assignee: KHS Maschinen- und Anlagenbau AG
    Inventor: Ludwig Clüsserath
  • Patent number: 6112780
    Abstract: A four-tube bottling system that greatly reduces the oxygen or other air-borne contaminants in bottled beverages. The apparatus allows for the injecting of inert gas into the bottom of the container while the atmosphere escapes through the forth tube near the top of the container. With this method the air in the container is eliminated before the liquid is poured. This apparatus virtually eliminates contaminants from contact with the beverage during the filling process by purging existing atmosphere form the bottle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Inventor: David M. Meheen
  • Patent number: 6082418
    Abstract: A container filling assembly (10) including a carousel (12) having an in-feed station (20) and an exit station (30) for supplying empty containers (22) and exiting filled containers (22). A number valve stations (34) are supported by the carousel (12) for filling the containers (22). An enclosure (42) is associated with each valve station (34) for enclosing the container (22) on the valve station (34). The enclosure (42) has an elongated endless wall (44) with an upper periphery (46) for sealing engagement about at the valve station (34). An actuation device (48) moves the enclosure (42) vertically between a sealed position with the valve station (34) and an open position spaced vertically from the valve station (34). A bottom (50) is disposed within the endless wall (44) to create a sealed chamber (70) when the endless wall (44) is in the sealed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Crown Simplimatic Incorporated
    Inventors: Jens Naecker, Wolfgang Wilke
  • Patent number: 6079460
    Abstract: A rotary liquid container-filling machine has valve assemblies (3), mounted on a rotating platform (2), each of provided with a duct (4) intercepted by an obturator (5) for regulating the supply of liquid from a storage tank (6) to the container (7) and having an air return pipe (8). A centering cone (10) receives in abutment the mouth of the container (7) to cause opening of the obturator (5) mounted at the bottom of each valve assembly (3). A flushing station (14) associated with the rotating platform (2), but fixed with respect thereto, is provided with at least one collecting tray (15) which is moved by a linear actuator (16) so as to be positioned underneath the valve assemblies (3) passing above it. For this purpose first a actuator means (17) opens each obturator (5) when valve assemblies (3) pass above the collecting tray (15).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Assignee: MBF S.p.A.
    Inventors: Mauro Ballan, Martino Biscardo, Pierluigi Allegro
  • Patent number: 5954100
    Abstract: Beverage fill valves, adapter nozzles for placement at the discharge end of beverage fill valves, novel counterpressure, and snift discharge valves including plungers, actuators or buttons, and unique counterpressure snift flow paths in novel combination with fill valves and/or fill valves with adapter nozzles, and related methods are disclosed, whereby automatic filling of a can having a smaller diametral opening at the top thereof is accommodated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Servi-Tech, Inc
    Inventors: Terry E. Nish, Cecil Ray McCray
  • Patent number: 5810058
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for dispensing compressed natural gas and for maximizing the mass of compressed gas dispensed into a gas storage cylinder is disclosed. Pressure and temperature transducers are provided as a part of the apparatus to emit data signals to a control processor of the pressure and temperature of a supply of compressed gas delivered to a gas dispenser, as well as the ambient temperature at the dispenser and the pressure of the compressed gas within the cylinder, respectively. A mass flow meter is also provided for emitting a data signal to the control processor of the mass of compressed gas injected into the storage cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1998
    Assignee: Gas Research Institute
    Inventors: Kenneth J. Kountz, William E. Liss, Christopher F. Blazek
  • Patent number: 5771948
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for dispensing natural gas into the natural gas vehicle cylinder of a motor vehicle is disclosed. The natural gas dispensing system includes a pressure transducer and a temperature transducer for measuring the pressure and temperature, respectively, of the supply gas as it is passed toward a dispenser, a second pressure transducer for measuring the pressure within the natural gas vehicle cylinder, an ambient air temperature transducer for measuring ambient air temperatures at the dispensing site, and a mass flow meter for measuring the gas mass injected into the vehicle cylinder. Each transducer and the mass flow meter emits a data signal to a control processor which automatically dispenses compressed gas to the vehicle cylinder, as well as maximizing the amount of gas mass injected into the cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Gas Research Institute
    Inventors: Kenneth J. Kountz, William E. Liss, Christopher F. Blazek
  • Patent number: 5634500
    Abstract: In a method for filling bottles or similar containers with a liquid under back pressure, at least a first flushing and a second flushing of the interior of the respective bottle are conducted in chronological sequence during a pre-treatment phase which precedes the actual priming of the respective container, by the timed introduction of a specified quantity of inert gas, with a subsequent evacuation of the interior of the bottle. The introduction of the specified quantity of inert gas takes place in a timed manner during each flushing, and is performed independently of the capacity at which the bottling system is currently being operated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Assignee: KHS Maschinen- und Alnagenbau AG
    Inventors: Ludwig Clusserath, Manfred Hartel
  • Patent number: 5582218
    Abstract: A system for the automatic filling of cryogenic containers such as fuel tanks. A cryogenic fluid having a vapor phase at positive pressure is removed by a control mechanism and transported to a primary storage tank through a single phase transport line. When the pressure in the fuel tank is reduced to an acceptable level, liquid cryogen is automatically pumped from the primary storage container to the fuel tank through the same single phase transport line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: Jeffrey P. Beale
    Inventor: Jeffrey P. Beale
  • Patent number: 5582217
    Abstract: A pre-fill snift cam assembly and related methods are disclosed. The pre-fill snift cam assembly accommodates pre-fill evacuation of air from cans and bottles being processed by automatic filling equipment and causes the egress air from the containers (cans and bottles) to be discharged in a fashion other than from the fill valves into the beverage bowl, i.e., into the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: Servi-Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Terry E. Nish, Cecil R. McCray
  • Patent number: 5549142
    Abstract: A system for the automatic filling of cryogenic containers such as fuel tanks. A cryogenic fluid having a vapor phase at positive pressure is removed by a control mechanism and transported to a primary storage tank through a single phase transport line. When the pressure in the fuel tank is reduced to an acceptable level, liquid cryogen is automatically pumped from the primary storage container to the fuel tank through the same single phase transport line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Assignee: Jeffrey P. Beale
    Inventor: Jeffrey P. Beale
  • Patent number: 5501253
    Abstract: In an apparatus for filling bottles with liquid, the liquid supply tank has several bottle filling adapters mounted to its body and providing a valve seat for liquid to flow from the tank to a bottle. The seat is proximate to a vertically movable valve body which has an integral tubular stem extending upwardly from it and a gas tube extending downwardly from it so gas can be conducted downwardly into a bottle and upwardly for being exhausted or returned to the tank. In the bore of the tubular combination gas conducting tube and valve stem there is a wire constituting a filling level probe. The tip of the wire is exposed in the gas tube to liquid in the bottle and the body of the wire is insulated and runs upwardly through the bore of the tubular stem where it is terminated in a cylindrical conductive element that enters an electrical connector. The connector provides a lead to a microprocessor based controller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 26, 1996
    Assignee: Krones AG Hermann Kronseder Maschinenfabrik
    Inventor: Wilheim N. Weiss
  • Patent number: 5402833
    Abstract: An apparatus for filling bottles or similar containers and comprising at least one filling element having a liquid flow valve. A first and a second gas path are provided that serve for supplying and withdrawing a pressurized gas, and that during filling of a respective container communicate with the interior of this container via a third gas path. The first gas path can be controlled by a control valve, while the second gas path is in constant communication with the third gas path that leads to the interior of the container. This third gas path is common to both the first and the second gas path, and the control valve can be actuated independently from the liquid flow valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1995
    Assignee: KHS Maschinen- und Anlagenbau Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Ludwig Clusserath
  • Patent number: 5377726
    Abstract: An arrangement for filling bottles under counterpressure and comprising at least one filling element relative to which a respective container is sealed during a filling process. The arrangement also has at least one gas channel that communicates with the interior of the container that is to be filled. Gas can be supplied in a controlled manner to the interior of the container from a chamber via the gas channel, and return gas displaced from the container during a filling process can be withdrawn to the chamber via the gas channel and at least one gas path. This gas path has an individually controllable control valve, and in series therewith a device that automatically controls the effective flow cross-section of the gas path in such a way that this flow cross-section is smaller in one direction of flow than in another, opposite direction of flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: Seitz Enzinger Noll Maschinenbau Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Ludwig Clusserath
  • Patent number: 5148839
    Abstract: A valve assembly operable to fill a container with pressurized gas from a source thereof and to vent the cylinder and associated passage means in the valve assembly to atmosphere, the cylinder having a valve with a valve member spring biased to a closed position. The valve assembly has a valve housing within a main chamber, a supply port connectable to a source of pressurized gas, a fill port connectable to a cylinder to be filled, and a vent port communicating with the atmosphere, the supply port, fill port and vent port communicating with the main chamber. A valve body is mounted in the main chamber for movement therein and having a first passage operable in a first position of the valve body to connect the fill port to the vent port, a second passage operable in a second position of the valve body to connect the supply port to the fill port, and a third passage operable in a third position of the valve body to connect the fill port to the vent port.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1992
    Inventors: Lee D. Kirwan, Roger C. Hurst
  • Patent number: 4999978
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for aseptically filling containers with product, such as the bags (B) of bag-in-box containers, wherein the aseptic filling chamber (9 or 40) with a filling head or nozzle (5 or 43) therein is provided with fluid inlet and outlet lines (2,4,6,8,19,21,39 or 57,59,63) to create desired positive or negative atmospheric conditions within the chamber, so that a positive pressure can be maintained within the chamber when change over, at an aperture in the chamber, of a bag to be filled occurs, and so that after filling, a negative pressure (through line 15 or 63) can be generated to evacuate the chamber and hence remove any headspace gas from the top of the filled container prior to it being capped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1991
    Assignee: Bowater Packaging Limited
    Inventors: Friedrich R. Kohlbach, John L. Rawson
  • Patent number: 4898216
    Abstract: A control system and method for sensing and reacting conditions indicative of unacceptable slow CTIS response to selected pressure setting changes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 6, 1990
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Gary R. Schultz, James A. Beverly
  • Patent number: 4745953
    Abstract: The invention discloses a device for measuring the concentration of alcohol contained in the dampening water used in printing. Part of the dampening water pumped up from a dampening water tank (1) and delivered to a water fountain (3) is sampled through a bypass passage and the dampening water is returned to the dampening water tank (1) after the measurement of the concentration of the sampled dampening water. A measuring unit (8) for detecting the concentration of alcohol has a shielding plate (13) disposed adjacent to the dampening water inlet so that the disturbance of the surface of the dampening water introduced into the measuring unit is prevented. The dampening water discharge outlet consists of a pipe whose upper end is in coplanar relationship with a predetermined surface level of the aqueous solution in the measuring unit so that the excessive dampening water overflows into the pipe (10) to return to the dampening water tank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1988
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Insatsu Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Michiaki Kobayashi, Daiji Suzuki, Kenji Yamada
  • Patent number: 4103721
    Abstract: A beer bottling operation includes pressurizing the interior of an empty bottle prior to pouring beer into the bottle in two steps. In the first step, according to a first preferred embodiment, the interior of the bottle is pressurized by air fed from a pressurized air source, while in the second step the interior of the bottle is pressurized by means of pressurized air fed from a bottling tank where the beer to be bottled is stored. According to a second preferred embodiment, in the first step the interior of the bottle is evacuated substantial to a vacuum condition, while in the second step the interior of the bottle is pressurized by means of carbon dioxide gas fed from the bottling tank, and in the subsequent step of pouring beer into the bottle the beer is poured from the bottom portion of the bottle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1976
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1978
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Sadao Noguchi
  • Patent number: 4096683
    Abstract: An ampoule filling and sealing machine with feeding, filling, sealing and loading stations. A horizontally oriented endless chain drive moves the ampoules through the filling and sealing stations. Belts or a reciprocating agitator are provided in the feeding station. A plurality of spring-loaded movable rails and a final stationary rail guide the line of ampoules in the filling station. The filled ampoules in the sealing station are spun by rotating pinions of cylindrical rollers on the endless chain drive in cooperation with inclined discs. In the loading station a channel receives a line of sealed ampoules. One side of the middle portion of the channel is a horizontal flat spring backed up by a spring-loaded bar. A fixed stop is spaced from the backing bar. A spring-loaded gate is at the inlet to each loading tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1977
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1978
    Assignee: Cozzoli Machine Company
    Inventor: John F. McMickle, Jr.
  • Patent number: 3954126
    Abstract: An automatic dispenser for ice cream in cups and/or wafer cones, comprising one or more containers for ice cream ingredients, a first compressor for supplying cold compressed air at a predetermined pressure to the said containers and to one or more holding and mixing chambers, a second compressor group supplying a cooling gas for cooling the surfaces of the said containers and to an outer chamber containing the said containers and being provided with a fan, an ice cream dispensing and a cup and/or cone dispensing device, a positioner for the cups and/or cones associated with a dosing device, a programmer for controlling the sequence of dispensing operation, and disactivation of the operation cycle when the cups and/or cones have received the predetermined quantity of ice cream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1974
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1976
    Assignee: Piana S.p.A.
    Inventor: Giuseppe Stefano Piana
  • Patent number: 3951186
    Abstract: A container filling apparatus includes a system for flushing air from a container during the filling of the container with a liquid such as a carbonated beverage. The filling apparatus includes a chamber having a filling valve at the lower end thereof which chamber is adapted to be filled with the beverage and lowered into the container before release of the beverage through the filling valve. A gas passage is associated with the chamber and is controlled so as to direct a volume of inert gas into the container prior to the opening of the filling valve to purge the air from within the container. During the actual filling of the container with the beverage, the gas passage is blocked; however, just prior to the termination of the filling cycle, the gas passage is opened to create a slight amount of foam at the surface of the beverage in the filled container and to place a layer of gas at the very top of the container to prevent the subsequent contamination of the beverage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1976
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventor: Samuel A. Mencacci