Abstract: A fluid dependent baseboard heating device for placement along the base of vertical walls. A support member attaches to each wall and utilizes bendable projections for locking heat transfer panels to the support member. For larger spaces a multiple support member will hold up to three heat transfer panels or a combination of heat transfer panels and non-functional panels. The device allows for placement of the baseboard around the circumference of the room for similarity of baseboard design, yet provides a functional heat panel only for areas requiring warmth. The heat transfer panel accepts hot fluid and by use of a chamber formed between the heat transfer panel and the support member provides an even distribution of heat throughout the chamber and the adjoining room.
Abstract: The invention provides a heat exchanger mat, comprising a twin-duct manifold having a duct member comprised of an inlet duct and an outlet duct, a tube-socket member fixedly and fluid-tightly attached to the duct member, and a return manifold having a deflector member and a tube-socket member fixedly and fluid-tightly attached to one another. The mat also includes a plurality of tubes for circulation of a heat-exchanging liquid medium, each tube fixedly and fluid-tightly joined at one of its ends to the tube-socket member of the twin-duct manifold and at the other one of its ends to the tube-socket member of the return manifold. One end of each odd-numbered one of the tubes communicates via at least one aperture with one of the twin ducts, and one end of each even-numbered one of the tubes communicates via at least one other aperture with the other one of the twin ducts, and the other ends of all of the tubes communicate with the return manifold.
Abstract: A radiant heating system uses a conductive heat shield comprising a flat portion designed to be placed in contact with the underside of a floor and an elongated tube holding portion extending from the opposite side of the heat shield. Preferably the tube holding portion has an elongated opening for receiving tubing after the floor-contacting portion has been placed in contact with the underside of a floor, and has resilient restraining portions to hold the tubing in place once it has been inserted into that opening. It is also preferred that the tube holding portion be at least three quarters of an inch below the underside of any floor to which the flat portion is attached or is covered with a puncture-proof nail guard, so tubing in the tube holding portion will not be punctured by nails driven into the floor to which the heat shield is attached.
Abstract: An underfloor cooling system for cooling a building structure has tubing located in or under a massive floor of the structure for circulating water through the system. The water is directed through a cooling means connected to the tubing to cool the water. The cool water is then returned to the tubing to cool the massive floor and passively cool the structure. The cooling means may be a direct evaporative cooler or an evaporative radiative roof spray system. The cooling means may be located outdoors. The system may additionally include active cooling delivery such as at least one fan coil or at least one hydronic panel, through which cool water from the underfloor tubing is circulated to provide cool air to the structure.
Abstract: A heating/cooling system includes a plurality of solid panels which form part of a wall or floor. The panels are in the form of heating/cooling modules and incorporate a heat exchange element within the panel and in thermal contact with the material, e.g. chipboard, fibreboard or plywood, forming the panel. The panels can be provided with, for example, tongue and groove formations so that they can engage with like panels or with "industry-standard" panels which do not incorporate heat exchange elements.
Abstract: The invention relates to a heating and cooling arrangement with which the occurrence of sweat water at particular sites can be prevented. To this end a carrier is provided in which is disposed a pipe or tube system which transports a heating or cooling fluid. The temperature of the cooling fluid is given off to the carrier and radiated into the room. Below the carrier is located a sweat water channel connected mechanically with this carrier. In order to achieve a thermal separation between carrier and channel a heat resistance with a given heat insulation value is provided between the two or the channel is layed out so that it has on its underside a thermal insulator.
Abstract: A method of heat exchange comprises advancing energy-carrying medium in a channel system comprising channel-part lengths (1) which extend in side-by-side mutually parallel relationship, such as hose parts (1), and substantially sheet-like or slab-like base parts (2) which support the channel parts. The method is mainly characterized by supporting and holding channel parts (1) with the aid of at least one pre-fabricated sheet or slab (2) of heat-insulating material, such as so-called cellular plastic material, and by inserting the channel parts (1) into locking grooves (3, 4) included in the slab or sheet, the width of locking grooves, when appropriate, being preferably slightly smaller than the width of a channel part, in appropriate cases the diameter of the channel part. The invention also relates to an arrangement for carrying out the method.
Abstract: A hydronic heating system that has a boiler supplying hot supply water, a reservoir of cooler return water, a supply water line, a return water line and one or more heating loops through which water flows from the supply line to the return line, the heating loop including a heating element that is a length of tubing that conducts water from the supply to the return and is mounted in a wall or a floor of an area heated by said system by RFH or RWH has: a thermally conductive plate mounted in the area floor or wall, adjacent a surface thereof and board-like members for holding the plate and the length of tubing in intimate thermal contact with the plate, so that the plate is heated by conduction of heat from the tubing and the plate has a radiating surface that radiates heat to the area.
Abstract: A rollable heat exchanger includes parallel fluid-carrying passageways which are connected with each other by elastic webs. Attached to the passageways-near side of the webs is a filler material which flatly covers the passageways and is of flexible, elastic composition so as to allow coiling of the heat exchanger. Thus, the heat exchanger can be used for a wide range of applications, in particular for covering a surface and/or bridging hollow spaces, especially sporting surfaces and recreational surfaces.
Abstract: A heat pipe unit comprising a relatively thin box-shaped panel body in which coolant is charged, a heat-transfer pipe provided in an upper area in the panel body in which cooling fluid is fed and a device for guiding to an inner wall of the panel body the coolant liquified by the heat-transfer pipe.
Abstract: A modular temperature controlling panel for location adjacent a rear side of a room surface and between spaced penetrable structural framing members for supporting the room surface includes: an insulating core having a contact surface for location adjacent the room surface and a non-contact surface opposite the room surface; a linear thermal source recessed within the core on the contact surface; a metallic sheet on the contact surface of the core for contacting the linear thermal source; and a spring retention device on the non-contact surface of the core for securing the core between the spaced framing members and for urging the contact surface towards the room surface.
Abstract: A heat installation for buildings, with water as the heat transmitting medium which comprises a forward pipe and a return pipe (19 and 18 respectively) as well as radiators (11) connected to said pipes. Said installation is designed as a building element system and comprises differently designed buildings elements (1-10), which are strip- and block-shaped and can be inserted into each other and with which said forward pipe and said return pipe are integral parts. Said installation includes a main connection element (1), connection elements (2), inner corner and outer corner elements (3 and 4 respectively), threshold transition elements (5, 7), thresholds (6), radiator connection elements (8) and terminal parts (9).
Abstract: This invention relates to a novel counter flow tube-manifold heat exchanger which can be installed in a wood or concrete floor and used to heat the floor and the earth space associated with the floor. A heat exchanger for conveying a heat containing fluid material in counter flow pattern comprising a hollow conduit comprised of three hollow elongated resillient fluid conducting tubes which are disposed parallel to and are joined to one another; and a first hollow elongated manifold with ports therein; and a second hollow elongated manifold, with ports therein adapted for connection with the ends of the tubes, the first ends of two of the three tubes being connected to the ports of the first manifold and the opposite ends of the same two tubes being connected to ports of the second manifolds, and the first end of the third tube adjacent the first ends of the two tubes being connected to a port of the second manifold, while the opposite end of the third tube is connected to a port of the first manifold.
Abstract: In a room air conditioner, at least the condenser, and preferably both the compressor and the condenser, are separated from the main body of the air conditioning apparatus, and are mounted in an exteriorly facing wall, outside the room which is to be cooled. The main body of the air conditioning apparatus is connected with compressor and condensor mounted in the wall by connecting piping and fittings and is mounted on the wall by a hanging bracket and position-fixing spacer bracket.
Abstract: A plate-shaped heating element, in particular for floor heating, consists of two plates of synthetic material defining a hollow space. Spacing elements are provided between the plates in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the plates, the spacing elements uniting the two plates. The spacing elements are arranged so as to form a first row along a first straight line, said first straight line being an extension of the axis of the joining element. All other spacing elements form further rows, said rows being provided along straight lines which again are provided parallel to the first straight line.
Abstract: The present invention provides, as one embodiment thereof, a hot water heat panel which includes a wooden board; a wooden frame fixed onto the wooden board; a grid-like support unit having a number of compartments standing normal to the surface of the wooden board within the wooden frame; a plurality of parallel grooves extending from one of the side edges of the wooden frame to another opposing thereto, so as to pass through the surface of the support unit and the surface of the wooden frame continuous therewith, the grooves being suitable for receiving a hot water pipe; an undulated metallic plate fixed to the wooden frame so as to continuously cover the surface of the wooden frame, the surfaces of the grooves and the surface of the gridlike support unit.
Abstract: A temperature regulating system that includes an enclosure having at least one temperature regulator including a container coupled to the ceiling of the enclosure and having an upper wall, a lower wall and an intermediate section that form a chamber which houses insulation and is filled with water provides a cooling system independent of external power. The insulation is positioned adjacent to the upper wall of the container and includes an upper surface facing the container's upper wall. The area of the upper surface of the insulation is approximately equal to the effective heat transfer area of the interior surface of the container. The insulation forms passages that provide fluid flow communication between the upper and lower walls of the container. With this construction relatively cold water, chilled by cool surroundings, e.g.
Abstract: A prefabricated wall is constructed of pre-cast concrete in such a way as to have embedded therein (1) a plurality of heat-accumulator elements and (2) channels adapted to receive, after installation of the prefabricated wall element, suitable pipes and plumbing connectors for the conveyance of heated water. Each heat-accumulator element is substantially filled with water prior to being embedded in the concrete of the wall element. Each heat accumulator element is positioned so that at least one channel passes close thereto, so that heat flows from the heated water to the water in the heat accumulator element through membranes which separate the heated water from the water in the heat accumulator element.
Abstract: A ceiling construction comprising a frame built out of longitudinal girders 1 and cross girders 2 connected to the longitudinal girders. Tiles 3 are suspended in fields defined by the frames. Heat-exchanger elements 4 are arranged above the tiles 3. In order to assure that an as good as possible heat transfer between the heat-exchanger elements 4 and the tiles 3 is guaranteed, the tiles are mounted according to the invention on the heat-exchanger elements by means of holding magnets 8.
June 27, 1990
Date of Patent:
August 27, 1991
Wilhelmi Werke GmbH & Co. KG, Flaekt AB
Abstract: A surface heating element for placement on a sub-floor and for making a heatable hollow space floor includes a plastic sheet having deep drawn protuberances forming spacers strengthened by ceramic support bodies or by a hardened finish material. The same sheet, or a second sheet connected to it, forms a carrier plate for carrying hot water tubes or other heating elements. The carrier plate may include deep drawn dogs, extending in a direction opposite to the protuberances, for holding the heating elements to the carrier plate; and a hardened finish material may be used to embed the heating elements.
Abstract: Ventilation equipment with an intake of fresh air supply device and heat emitting or absorbing ceiling panels. These panels are placed laterally adjacent to the fresh air supply device, which is formed for blowing in air laterally along the underside of the panels so that the blown-air air coacts thermally with the panels.
Abstract: A flexible hosing for circulation of a heat transfer fluid to effect heat exchange within a concrete or other type of slab. An inner wall comprising nylon, rayon or other similar material forms an inner wall of the hosing to resist corrosive attack by the heat transfer fluid. A locator wire is embedded within the hosing for transmission of a locating signal so that the position of the hosing within the slab may be accurately determined. The wire may also serve as an electrical resistance heating element should the heat transfer fluid become frozen, or should it be desired that the heat exchange system be operated without an external boiler or other heat source.
Abstract: A ceiling consisting of metal panels (1) and a support structure (2) for them is described, which carries flexible tubes (4) through which flows a heating or cooling medium for obtaining a desired room temperature. The tubes are combined in the form of a mat and lie loosely and directly upon said metal panels.
Abstract: A piping apparatus for melting snow and ice, wherein a large number of heat radiation pipes are arranged below or above a surface from which snow or ice is to be melted and removed. One of the ends of each of the heat radiation pipes is communicated with an inlet side header arranged in a direction substantially orthogonal to the heat radiation pipes, and the other end of the pipes being communicated with an outlet side header arranged in a direction substantially orthogonal to the heat radiation pipes, thereby constituting a piping arrangement unit. The inlet side is communicated with a feed supply of a heating medium such as hot water so as to pass the supplied heating medium such as hot water through the heat radiation pipes. Heat retaining members having therein a heat accumulation material are disposed between the heat radiation pipes, whenever necessary.
Abstract: The present invention provides a floor structure for heating a timber-framed house, with which the floor of the house can be kept warm for a while even after the circulation of hot water in the hot water pipe has been stopped, whereas the pipe can be reduced in length as well. In achieving an object as above, a floor structure for heating according to the present invention comprises: a wooden board; a wooden frame secured on the wooden board; a heat accumulating layer which is inserted and fitted inside the frame on the wooden board; a plurality of grooves extending from one edge of the wooden frame by way of the surface of the heat accumulating layer to the other edge relative to the one end thereof; and a metal plate which is inserted in these grooves, covers the surface of the heat accumulating layer and its contiguous surface of the wooden frame, and is fitted on the wooden frame.
Abstract: This is a system for the air conditioning of rooms in building, which rooms are defined by concrete floor structures with hollow ducts connected in series in parallel with each other and in groups, in order to bring about effective heat exchange between concrete and supply air flowing through each duct group before being fed to the room via a supply air device. The supply air to each duct group is taken via a pipe connection from a main duct for supply air and is evacuated from the room in another way. In order to control the heat absorbtion (heat inertia) of the duct group according to the actual demand for each room so that the air-flows in each of the two connections of the duct group are balanced corresponding to the actual cold/heat demand. Each or some certain duct groups in the room includes a branching device (16) which is located between the main duct (5), or a branch thereof, and a second connecting place (11) to the duct group.
Abstract: Avionics systems are cooled by circulating the heated air through an onboard closed loop system which includes a heat transfer envelope comprised of a liner and the fuselage of the flight vehicle. The liner keeps a constant, thermodynamically optimal passage height between the liner and the fuselage, and is contoured in order to maintain that optimal height between the liner and internal structural support members which abut the fuselage and pass through the heat transfer envelope. The liner is comprised of flexible interlocking liner sections, each of which is produced from the same mold using heat and flame resistant material and subsequently trimmed to precisely fit into its particular area. Each liner section has a convex ridge which fits over an internal structural support member to enclose the member within the heat exchange envelope. Each convex ridge has transverse flexible ribs which accept and removably grasp the support member, thereby removably attaching the liner section to the support member.
Abstract: A heating soft floor mat is described comprising a base sheet composed of a thermoplastic resin foamed article as a heat insulating layer having meanderingly formed thereon grooves for conduits, conduits for heating medium disposed in the grooves, and cover material having flexibility covering the surface side thereof, wherein the thermoplastic resin foamed article is a crosslinked polyethylene foamed article containing closed cells having a degree of expansion of from 10 to 40 and the conduits are composed of low density crosslinked polyethylene having a density of less than 0.910 g/cm.sup.3.
Abstract: A low mass hydronic radiant floor heating system for heating a room by circulating a liquid includes a metal deck having a plurality of regularly spaced troughs to provide structural strength. The deck is adapted to be secured directly to a plurality of floor joists. Tubing is placed in the troughs to distribute heat by circulating warm liquid through the tubing. The troughs of the metal deck support structural floor loads while providing a housing for the tubing. Flat portions of the deck between the troughs distribute heat laterally.
Abstract: A radiant space heating element (12) in the shape substantially of an equilateral triangle for providing uniform distribution of heat by radiation from an interior space (32) that is a passage for an energy source such as hot water, steam, hot stack gases or any other source of infrared energy. The heating element (12) has two radiating surfaces which meet at a vertex (20) so that there is a substantial uniformity of temperature over an area on either side of a line directly under the heating element which is nearly equal to five times the separation of the heater element from the surface. The heating element (12) has insulation (14), a web element (36) that acts both to support the insulation (14) and as a reflector, and a bracket (16).
Abstract: A linear panel unit for use on walls or ceilings capable of providing radiant heating and/or cooling. The panels have an external panel shell, which itself can be used as a passive panel, an extruded aluminum radiator panel resting in the shell with outward side in contact with the shell and an inward side in contact with a copper tube capable of containing fluids of varying temperature. Clips between bilateral troughs in the sidewall of the panel shell and the inward side of the radiator panel secure contact between rediator panel and the shell. The copper tube is grasped by projecting channel walls in the inward side of the radiator panel which also are tapered to facilitate positioning of the clips and a groove near the intersection with the radiator panel to secure placement of the clip. A panel unit wall or ceiling is created by interspersing radiant linear panels with identically appearing passive panel shells, the copper tubes of the active radiant panel units communicating with one another.
Abstract: Individual elongated radiant heat panel modules are secured together along their side edges to form a panel; and a plurality of transverse spaced-apart stiffeners are connected at a plurality of connection sites across the panel back to stiffen the panel and hold it fast. Each stiffener is fixedly connected to the panel at only one fixed connection site whereby to block relative movement between the stiffener and panel at said site; and each stiffener is additionally connected to the panel at a plurality of connection sites by spring clamps which hold the panel and modules thereof flat against the stiffener while permitting limited relative movement thereat between said stiffener and said panel. The connection sites on the stiffener are spaced therealong while the connections to the panels are at or adjacent the side edges of the individual modules. Adjacent individual modules are fixed to each other.
Abstract: A body, such as a building to be heated or cooled, is surrounded by a wall structure forming two hollow spaces arranged in parallel to each other. An outer hollow space is connected to the atmosphere so that outside air can flow into the outer hollow space. A separation wall between the outer hollow and an inner hollow space has leakage paths for air to pass from the outer into the inner hollow space which is kept at a reduced pressure relative to the atmosphere to enhance an inward air flow through the leakage paths. Thus, heat passing outwardly through the wall structure heats or cools the air being evacuated from the inner hollow space, depending on the temperature gradient across the wall structure. The evacuated air passes through a heat recovery system which may be connected to a heating system of the building or to a heat storage or to the atmosphere.
Abstract: Avionics systems are cooled by circulating the heated air through an onboard closed loop system which includes a heat transfer envelope comprised of a liner and the fuselage of the flight vehicle. The liner keeps a constant, thermodynamically optimal passage height between the liner and the fuselage, and is contoured in order to maintain that optimal height between the liner and internal structural support members which abut the fuselage and pass through the heat transfer envelope. The liner is comprised of flexible interlocking liner sections, each of which is produced from the same mold using heat and flame resistant material and subsequently trimmed to precisely fit into its particular area. Each liner section has a convex ridge which fits over an interal structural support member to enclose the member within the heat exchange envelope. Each convex ridge has transverse flexible ribs which accept and removably grasp the support member, thereby removably attaching the liner section to the support member.
Abstract: The invention relates to an arrangement in an interior panel (2) or the like having a rearwardly located space through which air which has been heated is arranged to flow, to eliminate the radiation of cold from a wall, a floor or the like. In accordance with the invention, the space is confined and divided into at least two thin air cavities (4,5), by means of an intermediate plate (3) which extends parallel to the interior panel (2) and which comprises a material having good heat-insulating properties. The heated air is arranged to be circulated in the air cavities, around the intermediate plate. A heater is provided for heating the air passing to the air cavity (4) adjoining the interior panel, to a temperature of at most some few degrees above the room temperature. A fan (10) is controlled by an air flow control regulator (10') which is actuated by a thermostat (14) which compares the temperature of the air as it moves out of the inner space (4) with the intended room temperature.
Abstract: In a warming panel of a construction, wherein liquid for a heat insulating layer (3) is injected into an interior space of an outer shell structure (8) of a hollow planar construction, there is provided a buffer plate (13) or a flow guide plate (20) in the interior of the abovementioned outer shell structure (8), where the abovementioned liquid to be injected is impinged, to thereby restrict the flowing direction of the liquid as injected so as to make it possible to prevent the high pressure injected liquid from impinging on those fixed parts (6) provided in the outer shell structure (8) or those connected portions (1B) of the outer shell structure, thus avoiding unnecessary shifting of the fixed parts (6), or deformation or damage of the connected portions of the outer shell structure (8).
Abstract: A ceiling or wall unit comprises a plurality of juxtaposed aluminum plates, whereby one rim of each plate is optionally inserted in a groove of an abutting plate. According to the invention, each aluminum plate is provided with at least one cooling pipe shaped integral with the plate, inner longitudinal ribs being provided in the cooling pipe. In this manner the plate can be used for cooling a room, the temperature of which is too high on account of the outdoor temperature or heat-producing machines, the lighting or like equipment. The inner longitudinal ribs of the cooling pipes increase the inner surface of the cooling pipes whereby the dimensions of the pipes and consequently of the plates can be correspondingly reduced.
Abstract: A system for tempering a room is accommodated in a closure of said room, preferably in the floor. On the side of the closure facing away from the room an insulating plate (103) is located, which possibly has projections (18) arranged in the direction of the room. On the side facing the room a wall or floor covering (6) is foreseen. In the interspace between the insulating plate (103) and the outer layer (6), possibly between the projections (18), air can be circulated and a heating and/or cooling line (1) extends, said heating and/or cooling line being at least partially in connection with a thermal conductive sheet (17). The total surface of the thermal conductive sheet (17) exposed to the air flow is about twice as large at the surface of the thermal conductive sheet (17) which directly envelopes or contacts the line (1) and which is exposed to the air flow.
Abstract: A heat exchange mat comprises at least a pair of mat members respectively including a heat exchange element and arranged side by side with their one side edges opposed, an elongated link member acting as a partition and linking between the opposed side edges of the mat members while allowing the interior of the respective members to communicate with each other at one longitudinal end of the link member, and means for supplying and discharging a heat exchange fluid to one of the mat members and out of the other member through supply and discharge tubes provided close to each other, the means being mounted to the mat at the other end of the link member, whereby substantially uniform thermal distribution overall the heat exchange mat is attained with remarkable improvement in the heat exchanging efficiency at its installing place.
Abstract: A linear radiant ceiling panel and method of manufacturing and providing a plurality of elongated, extruded panels located in spaced relationship and comprising an extruded aluminum plate member having a saddle adapted to receive and hold a copper tube having heat conducting fluid circulating therein. The extruded plates have channels on each side of the saddle to receive a fastener and connect the plates to a supporting grid structure in a room. The side margins of the channel are adapted to connect with a removable linear sheet metal member which is a thin piece of metal that connects to the outer surface of the extruded sheet to provide an attractive, replaceable ceiling component exposed to the interior of a room.
Abstract: A method is provided for producing a polymeric heat exchange panel of the type including a sheet with a multiplicity of longitudinally extending passages and a plurality of juxtaposed dividing walls respectively disposed between adjacent longitudinal passages, wherein each end of the passages is closed to define a manifold space and at least one of an inlet and an outlet communicates with at least one of the manifold spaces. The method includes forming at least one of the manifold spaces by severing longitudinally without substantial removal of dividing wall material said plurality of juxtaposed dividing walls toward and end of the sheet to form severed opposed sides thereof. The method further includes plasticizing the severed opposed sides of the sheet at an elevated temperature and molding the opposed sides together at end edges thereof to form a molded end wall having a longitudinal dimension substantially greater than a thickness of a wall of the sheet.
Abstract: Low energy demand structure with side walls, roof, and foundation is disclosed wherein the side walls have inner and outer structures, the outer structure of frame construction with very heavy insulation substantially filling the outer structure. The inner surface of the outer wall structure is provided with a panel cover to hold the insulation in place and over the panel a moisture impermeable seal is placed. The inner wall structure is of vertical frame construction and provides circulating air passages and a finish interior surface. The ceiling is of similar structure with the circulating air passages of the ceiling and walls in communication with each other. The upper portion of the structure rests on foundation walls which extend at least 3-4' below the frost line and which are faced with rigid foam insulation also extending 3-4' below the frost line.
Abstract: Temperature control apparatus comprising a system of conduits or pipes at least a portion of which are perpendicularly related and connected by means accommodating the movement therethrough of heat exchange fluid feature interconnecting means which are free of weldments. In a preferred embodiment of the system so provided, at least a portion of the conduits or pipes are embodied as integral parts of upright and/or horizontal members fabricated of heat conductive material. The preferred material of said conduits or pipes and the members of which they form a part is aluminum. The interconnecting means include elements which have a plug-like form and embody one or more passages for flow therethrough of the heat exchange fluid.
Abstract: A double floor with framed floor plates of heat-conductive and/or heat storage materials, particularly a mineral material such as anhydrite in a metal vat-shaped outer armature. A system of pipes carrying a heating or cooling medium is held in heat-conductive contact with the bottom surfaces of the framed floor plates.
September 15, 1982
Date of Patent:
April 2, 1985
Mero-Werke Dr.-Ing. Max Mengeringhausen GmbH & Co.
Abstract: In a hot water system, a receptor heat exchanger unit mounted in a wall with a flat surface exposed in a room. A refrigerator positioned in that room has a plate with a condenser coil thereon. The plate is exposed, and it extends outwardly beyond the wall of the refrigerator body and at the wall, and the plate is positioned in heat transfer engagement with the exposed surface on the receptor heat exchanger unit.
Abstract: The present invention relates to a solar heater for heating water comprising two sheets of blackened materials constituting one unit connected to each other by partition walls constituting longitudinal channels for the water to be heated and at both sides manifolds suitably closed at their ends having an inlet or outlet for the cold and hot water, respectively. The invention relates also to a method for the preparation of said solar heater.
Abstract: A device for controlling the temperature of rooms in a building comprising curtain walls having a skeleton made up of columns and horizontal members to which facade elements and, if required, window surfaces are secured so as to be substantially free from heat bridges, comprising a temperature-control facility substantially in the form of a pipeline system in which a heat transfer fluid flows, said pipeline system being constructed and arranged to dispose inside the room and adjacent the skeleton of columns and horizontal members and relative to the skeleton so as to produce a thermal coupling between the skeleton and the temperature control facility. In certain applications the temperature control facility is disposed at a relatively short distance from and in facing relation to the skeleton in an arrangement producing a close radiation coupling between the skeleton and the temperature control facility.
Abstract: Air condition control for buildings, having a roof structure of roof trusses relatively widely spaced, between which self-supporting roof plates are laid and covered by a covering layer so that a gap is formed between the covering layer and the roof plates. Air is passed in one or the other direction through a ventilation opening in the roof, through the air gap (13) and through ducts (9) in the roof plates. Air sucked in from the atmosphere through the ventilation opening passes through the ducts to an air conditioning unit (5) and to a distribution device (6) to maintain a suitable temperature in the building. Air flow can also be inverted by being supplied in the form of outdoor air to the air conditioning unit (5) and after its passage through the building being conducted away into the atmosphere through the roof structure by the ventilation opening.
June 25, 1980
Date of Patent:
February 1, 1983
Aeromator Trading Co. AB, AB Strangbetong
Abstract: A furnace assembly of the type used for melting of ore concentrate, wherein at least one separating wall is provided within the confines of the furnace to dip into the melt and divides the furnace space into separate melting, settling, and exhaust spaces. The specific improvement of the present invention involves providing a separating wall which is composed of individual metallic cooling elements in a stacked arrangement with each cooling element being provided with means for passing a coolant therethrough.
Abstract: A hydronic heating system that includes a tube or series of tubes placed on modular composite panels. The panels are fabricated with a grooved surface to permit the flush embedment of the tubes on the panels.