Plural Serial Stages Of Chemical Conversion Patents (Class 208/49)
  • Patent number: 7938952
    Abstract: This invention relates to a novel integrated hydroconversion process for converting heavy atmospheric or vacuum residue feeds and also converting and reducing impurities in the vacuum gas oil liquid product. This is accomplished by utilizing two residue hydroconversion reaction stages, two vapor-liquid separators, and at least two additional distillate ebullated-bed hydrocracking/hydrotreating reaction stages to provide a high conversion rate of the residue feedstocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Institute Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: James J. Colyar, John Duddy
  • Patent number: 7938953
    Abstract: An improved process for heavy oil conversion and upgrading and a combined method for heavy oil conversion and vacuum gas-oil treatment are described herein. The method utilizes the creation and recycle of a separate product from the vacuum still, which is thereafter recycled back to the heavy oil conversion reactor. The result is the production of a higher quality medium gas oil product relative to the overall vacuum gas oil product which is acceptable for use in a typical vacuum gas oil treatment process. Additionally, there is a higher diesel yield selectivity from the heavy oil conversion unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Institute Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: James J. Colyar, John Duddy
  • Publication number: 20110094938
    Abstract: The invention describes a process for the conversion of heavy carbon-containing fractions having an initial boiling point of at least 300° C. to upgradable lighter products, said process comprising passage of said feed through a hydrorefining reaction zone comprising at least one moving-bed reactor, and passage of at least a portion of the effluent from stage a) through a hydroconversion reaction zone comprising at least one three-phase reactor, in the presence of hydrogen, said reactor containing at least one hydroconversion catalyst and operating in ebullating-bed mode, with an ascending current of liquid and gas and comprising at least one means of withdrawing said catalyst out of said reactor and at least one means of adding fresh catalyst into said reactor, under conditions making it possible to obtain a liquid feed with a reduced content of Conradson carbon, metals, sulphur and nitrogen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Publication date: April 28, 2011
    Applicant: IFP Energies nouvelles
    Inventor: Frédéric Morel
  • Patent number: 7919054
    Abstract: Disclosed are a process and an installation for treatment of a heavy petroleum feedstock, of which at least 80% by weight has a boiling point of greater than 340° C., wherein the process includes (a) hydroconversion in a boiling-bed reactor operating with a rising flow of liquid producing a hydroconversion effluent; (b) separation of hydroconversion effluent into a gas containing hydrogen and H2S, a fraction comprising gas oil, and a naphtha fraction; c) hydrotreatment, by contact with at least one catalyst, of at least said fraction comprising gas oil, producing a hydrotreatment effluent; and d) separation of hydrotreatment effluent into a gas containing hydrogen and at least one gas oil fraction having a sulfur content of less than 50 ppm, wherein the hydrogen supply for the hydroconversion and hydrotreatment is delivered by a single compression system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: John E. Duddy, Lawrence I. Wisdom, Andrea Gragnani
  • Publication number: 20110073522
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a catalyst comprising at least one amorphous material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity and at least one hydrodehydrogenating element selected from the group formed by elements from group VIB and/or group VIII of the periodic table of the elements. Said amorphous material comprising silicon with a hierarchical and organized porosity is constituted by at least two spherical elementary particles, each of said spherical particles comprising a matrix based on oxide of silicon, which is mesostructured, with a mesopore diameter in the range 1.5 to 30 nm and having amorphous and microporous walls with a thickness in the range 1.5 to 50 nm, said elementary spherical particles having a maximum diameter of 200 microns. The invention also concerns hydrocracking/hydroconversion and hydrotreatment processes employing said catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Applicant: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Audrey Bonduelle, Alexandra Chaumonnot
  • Patent number: 7906013
    Abstract: A process is provided to produce an ultra low sulfur diesel with less than about 10 ppm sulfur using a two-phase or liquid-phase continuous reaction zone to convert a diesel boiling range distillate preferably obtained from a mild hydrocracking unit. In one aspect, the diesel boiling range distillate is introduced once-through to the liquid-phase continuous reaction zone over-saturated with hydrogen in an amount effective so that the liquid phase remains substantially saturated with hydrogen throughout the reaction zone as the reactions proceed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Peter Kokayeff, Laura E. Leonard, Michael R. Smith
  • Publication number: 20110056869
    Abstract: This invention relates to the production of dewaxed and/or hydroisomerized fuel composition that includes a step of hydrotreating a feedstock containing the lipidic material. The fuel compositions are high quality fuel compositions in which the fuel can be ultimately tailored for a variety of end uses such as jet fuel or diesel fuel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2010
    Publication date: March 10, 2011
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: William J. Novak, Patrick L. Hanks, Timothy L. Hilbert
  • Patent number: 7892500
    Abstract: A system and method for recycling plastics. The system and method recover materials such as hydrocarbon gases, liquid hydrocarbon distillates, various polymers and/or monomers used to produce the original plastics. The system and method allow about one unit of input of energy input to the plastic recycler to be used to create one or more gaseous components and one or more liquid distillate components from a plastic that is being recycled. The one or more gaseous components and one or more liquid distillate components produce about one corresponding unit of useable output energy recovered from the recycling of the plastic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Inventor: William E. Carner
  • Patent number: 7884138
    Abstract: A process is described by which an olefinic naphtha and a hydrogenated distillate fuel are made from a Fischer-Tropsch process. The olefinic naphtha is suitable for use in an ethylene cracker where the olefins enhance the formation of ethylene. Thy hydrogenated distillate fuel is used in jet and or diesel fuels. Optionally the olefinic naphtha has a low content of acids. This low acid content, is obtained by operating the Fischer-Tropsch unit at H2/CO ratios from 1.8 to 2.05 or treating the effluent from the Fischer-Tropsch unit with a metal oxide to remove the acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Jerome F. Mayer, Dennis J. O'Rear
  • Patent number: 7867378
    Abstract: A method is described for co-processing of ethanol and hydrocarbons from petroleum refining, which are introduced separately in two reaction zones of a reactor of a fluidized catalytic cracking unit. The process combines conversion of ethanol into ethene and conversion of hydrocarbons into other lighter hydrocarbon fractions, to produce ethene in quantities of 15 to 90 wt % in the fuel gas fraction obtained during the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A.-Petrobras
    Inventors: Andrea de Rezende Pinho, Julio Amilcar Ramos Cabral, Luiz Fernando Leite
  • Patent number: 7863492
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for producing linear alkyl benzene and linear paraffins, the process including the steps of obtaining a hydrocarbon condensate containing olefins, paraffins and oxygenates from a low temperature Fischer-Tropsch reaction; a) fractionating a desired carbon number distribution from the hydrocarbon condensate to form a fractionated hydrocarbon condensate stream; b) extracting oxygenates from the fractionated hydrocarbon condensate stream from step a) to form a stream containing olefins and paraffins; c) alkylating the stream containing olefins and paraffins from step b) with benzene in the presence of a suitable alkylation catalyst; and d) recovering linear alkyl benzene and linear paraffin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventors: Edward Ludovicus Koper, Ivan Greager, Jan Hendrik Scholtz, Johan Pieter de Wet, Mieke Ann Desmet, Wilhelmina Jansen, Paul Jacobson
  • Publication number: 20100326881
    Abstract: A diesel fuel composition comprising a (1) sulfur content of less than 10 ppm; (2) a flash point of greater than 50° C.; (3) a UV absorbance, Atotal, of less than 1.5 as determined by the formula comprising Atotal=Ax+10(Ay) wherein Ax is the UV absorbance at 272 nanometers; and wherein Ay is the UV absorbance at 310 nanometers; (4) a naphthene content of greater than 5 percent; (5) a cloud point of less than ?12° C.; (6) a nitrogen content of less than 10 ppm; and (7) a 5% distillation point of greater than 300 F and a 95% distillation point of greater than 600 F.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Publication date: December 30, 2010
    Inventors: Jaime Lopez, Janine Lichtenberger, Ronald K. Meeker, Paul A. Allinson, William J. Cannella
  • Patent number: 7854906
    Abstract: A reactor for carrying out a reaction between two fluid starting materials over a catalyst bed with premixing of the fluid starting materials before introduction into the catalyst bed within a delay time of less than 150 ms in a mixing-in device, wherein the mixing-in device is made up of the following elements which are arranged essentially transverse to the inflow direction of the first fluid starting material stream: two or three rows arranged behind one another of tubes which have turbulence generators on the outside and constrict the flow cross section for the first fluid starting material stream to from ½ to 1/10, with the second fluid starting material stream being passed through the interiors of the tubes and injected via openings in the tubes into the first fluid starting material stream; a perforated plate upstream of the tubes; and a perforated plate downstream of the tubes, is proposed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gerhard Olbert, Franz Corr, Sven Crone
  • Patent number: 7842180
    Abstract: A hydrocracking process wherein a liquid phase stream comprising a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock and a liquid phase effluent from a hydrocracking zone and a sufficiently low hydrogen concentration to maintain a liquid phase continuous system into a hydrotreating zone. A portion of the effluent from the hydrotreating zone comprising unconverted hydrocarbons is introduced into the hydrocracking zone with a sufficiently low hydrogen concentration to maintain a liquid phase continuous system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Laura E. Leonard, Peter Kokayeff
  • Patent number: 7837859
    Abstract: A process and apparatus are provided for upgrading steam cracked tars. The invention also relates to a steam cracking process and apparatus for reducing the yields of tars produced from steam cracking while increasing yields of higher value products, heating, in the presence of steam, cooled steam cracker tar containing asphaltenes, to a temperature, e.g., above about 300° C., which is sufficient to convert at least a portion of the steam cracked tar to lower boiling molecules. The resulting heat and steam-treated tar can be separated into gas oil, fuel oil and tar streams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John D. Y. Ou, Glenn A. Heeter
  • Patent number: 7837864
    Abstract: An integrated process for extracting and refining bitumen comprises hydroconverting bitumen in a reactor to provide valuable products and light oil by-product; separating the light oil by-product from the valuable products; transporting the light oil to oil sands reserves; producing steam in steam generators at the oil sands reserves using a portion of the light oil transported to the oil sands reserves; extracting bitumen from the oil sands reserves using steam produced in the steam generators; blending bitumen extracted from the oil sands reserves and a portion of the light oil transported to the oil sands reserves to form a transport blend; and transporting the transport blend to the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U. S. A. Inc.
    Inventor: Bruce E. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 7837856
    Abstract: A reactor for carrying out a continuous oxydehydrogenation of a feed gas stream of saturated hydrocarbons after premixing with an oxygen-comprising gas stream over a moving catalyst bed which is introduced in the longitudinal direction of their reactor between two concentric cylindrical holding devices so as to leave a central interior space and an intermediate space between the moving catalyst bed and the interior wall of the reactor to give a reaction gas mixture, wherein the reactor has two or more reactor sections which are separated from one another by disk-shaped deflection plates arranged alternately in the central interior space and divided in subregions by annular deflection plates arranged in the intermediate space between the moving catalyst bed and the interior wall of the reactor, in each case with a mixing-in device which is located upstream of the moving catalyst bed in the flow direction of the reaction gas mixture and comprises the following elements: two or three rows arranged behind one
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gerhard Olbert, Franz Corr, Sven Crone
  • Patent number: 7833408
    Abstract: Systems and methods for staging an investment in hydrocarbon processing are provided. In a first stage, a hydrocarbon feed can be apportioned equally or unequally into first and second portions. The first portion can be mixed with one or more oxidants and gasified to provide a first effluent, at least a portion of which can be combusted to provide steam. The second portion can be mixed with one or more solvents to provide one or more fungible hydrocarbon products, at least a portion of which can be sold to generate capital. In a second stage, the hydrocarbon feed can be mixed with one or more solvents and one or more non-catalytic solids and the resultant mixture thermally cracked to provide one or more hydrocarbon products and coked non-catalytic solids. The coked, non-catalytic solids can be regenerated and recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2010
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventor: Pritham Ramamurthy
  • Publication number: 20100282640
    Abstract: A process for refining or pre-refining a crude oil P is described in which P is fractionated into several fractions, wherein partial oxidation of an asphaltenic residue R1 derived from P is carried out to produce a synthesis gas SG1 with an H2/CO ratio of less than 1, steam cracking is carried out of an external light hydrocarbon fraction to produce a synthesis gas SG2 with a H2/CO ratio of more than 3; SG1 and SG2 are mixed to produce a synthesis gas SG with a H2/CO ratio in the range 1.2 to 2.5, and SG is converted by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, then the waxes produced are converted into middle distillates. Preferably, a vacuum distillate VGO and/or a deasphalted oil DAO derived from P are hydrocracked mixed with the waxes. The invention also pertains to a facility for carrying out the process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2007
    Publication date: November 11, 2010
    Inventors: Alexandre Rojey, Eric Lenglet
  • Publication number: 20100276334
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for converting a stream of natural or associated gas into liquid fractions, comprising: a) a step for converting said stream of gas into a synthesis gas SG; b) a step FT for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis to convert the SG into liquid fractions; c) a step for fractionating the effluents from the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis into at least one relatively heavy fraction comprising waxes with a boiling point of 565° C. or more and at least one relatively light fraction; d) a step HCKI for isomerization hydrocracking of the relatively heavy fraction, in which at least 75% by weight of the fraction of the feed with a boiling point of more than 565° C. is converted into compounds boiling below 565° C.; e) at least one step for mixing at least the effluents from step HCKI (step d)), the light fraction from step c) and a crude oil P, to thereby produce an oil P*.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2007
    Publication date: November 4, 2010
    Applicant: IFP
    Inventors: Eric Lenglet, Patrick Chaumette
  • Publication number: 20100276336
    Abstract: The invention concerns a reactor for carrying out an endothermic gas phase reaction having a cylindrical shape along a vertical axis and comprising at least four annular zones, centred on the vertical axis and in succession from the edge towards the centre of the reactor, namely a first zone 201 termed the supply zone, a second zone 202 termed the catalytic zone, a third zone 203 termed the collection zone and a fourth zone 204 termed the exchange zone. The reactor also comprises vertical hermetic panels 65 located along the radii of the cylindrical reactor which divide the reactor into sectors, said sectors each comprising at least one exchange section 61 and at least one catalytic section 62. The two first exchange sections are connected and a conduit 64 connects the collection section of each sector, with the exception of the first and last sector, to the exchange section of the next sector. The invention also concerns the process employing the reactor of the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2008
    Publication date: November 4, 2010
    Inventors: Gilles Ferschneider, Beatrice Fischer
  • Publication number: 20100270207
    Abstract: A co-processing combining a first selective catalytic bed consisting of only one metal element selected from group VIB metals and of at least one conventional hydrotreating bimetallic catalytic bed. The co-processing provides control of the hydroconversion reactions of the triglycerides and/or fatty acids of biomass oil diluted in a refinery stream of petroleum hydrocarbons and minimizes the generation of gaseous products that are undesirable to the process, while maintaining the levels of unsaturated hydrocarbons hydrogenation and of heteroatomic contaminants removal from the refinery stream of petroleum hydrocarbons. The co-processing selectively providing n-paraffins of even number of carbon atoms, generated from the biomass oil, which are incorporated in a hydrotreated liquid product in petroleum refining HDT units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 27, 2010
    Publication date: October 28, 2010
    Applicant: PETROLEO BRASILEIRO S.A. - PETROBRAS
    Inventors: Jefferson Roberto Gomes, José Luiz Zotin, Marcelo Edral Pacheco, Raissa Maria Cotta Ferreira Da Silva
  • Patent number: 7815791
    Abstract: A process and apparatus are provided for steam cracking heavy feeds, including steam cracked tars. The invention heats a steam cracked tar feed to provide a depolymerized steam cracked tar containing lower boiling molecules than the steam cracked tar feed, hydrogenates the depolymerized steam cracked tar using a hydrogenating catalyst, e.g., a downward flow fixed bed hydrotreater, to provide a hydrogenated steam cracked tar. At least a portion of the hydrogenated steam cracked tar is steam cracked in a steam cracking furnace comprising a convection zone and a radiant zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Paul F. Keusenkothen
  • Patent number: 7815789
    Abstract: A process to prepare a base oil having a viscosity index of above 80 and a saturates content of above 90 wt % from a crude derived feedstock by (a) contacting a crude derived feedstock in the presence of hydrogen with a catalyst having at least one Group VIB metal component and at least one non-noble Group VIII metal component supported on a refractory oxide carrier; (b) adding to the effluent of step (a) or part of the effluent of step (a) a Fischer-Tropsch derived fraction boiling at least partly in the base oil range in an amount effective to achieve the target viscosity index of the final base oil; and (c) dewaxing the mixture as obtained in step (b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Peter James Wardle, William Leonard Alexander King
  • Publication number: 20100252482
    Abstract: The invention concerns a reactor for catalytic reforming or for hydrocarbon dehydrogenation, having a cylindrical shape along a vertical axis, an upper head and a lower bottom comprising at least two annular zones centred on the vertical axis, said two annular zones being a zone termed a catalytic zone and a zone termed the exchange zone. Vertical hermetic panels divide the reactor into sectors, said sectors each comprising at least one exchange section and at least one catalytic section, the ensemble of said exchange sections forming the exchange zone and the ensemble of said catalytic sections forming the catalytic zone. The invention also concerns the process employing the reactor of the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2008
    Publication date: October 7, 2010
    Applicant: IFP
    Inventors: Gilles Ferschneider, Beatrice Fischer
  • Publication number: 20100243521
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment of the present invention can be a fired heater for a hydrocarbon conversion process. The fired heater includes inlet and outlet headers or manifolds, a set of heater tubes with each heater tube having an inlet and an outlet, at least one restriction orifice adjacent the inlet of at least one heater tube. The restriction orifice may be within the inlet manifold and adjacent the inlet of a heater tube, or between the inlet manifold and the inlet to the heater tube. A process may include passing a hydrocarbon stream through the fired heater described herein during the course of operating a hydrocarbon conversion process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2009
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Inventor: Kenneth D. Peters
  • Patent number: 7803265
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for converting distillate to gasoline-range hydrocarbons using a two-stage catalyst system including a first catalyst containing platinum, palladium, or platinum and palladium, and an acidic support, and a second catalyst containing iridium and an inorganic oxide support, and optionally nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Tushar V. Choudhary, Paul F. Meier, Edward L. Sughrue, II, Walter E. Alvarez
  • Patent number: 7799208
    Abstract: Methods of hydrocracking hydrocarbon streams are provided that employ substantially liquid-phase continuous hydroprocessing conditions. In one aspect, the method includes a separate hydrotreating and hydrocracking system where the hydrocracking zone is a substantially liquid-phase continuous system. In another aspect, the method includes a two-stage hydrocracking system where one or both of the hydrocracking zones is a substantially liquid-phase continuous reaction system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Peter Kokayeff, Bart Dziabala, Laura Elise Leonard
  • Patent number: 7794585
    Abstract: Methods of hydroprocessing hydrocarbon streams are provided that employ substantially liquid-phase hydroprocessing conditions. In one aspect, the method includes directing a hydrocarbonaceous feed stock to a first substantially liquid-phase hydroprocessing zone wherein an effluent from the first substantially liquid-phase hydroprocessing zone is directed to a second substantially liquid-phase hydroprocessing zone generally undiluted with other hydrocarbon streams. In another aspect, the method recycles a liquid portion of a liquid hydrocarbonaceous effluent from the second substantially liquid-phase hydroprocessing zone, which preferably includes an amount of hydrogen dissolved therein, to the hydrocarbonaceous feed stock so that the feed to the first substantially liquid-phase hydroprocessing zone has a relatively larger concentration of dissolved hydrogen relative to the hydrocarbonaceous feed stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Laura Elise Leonard, Peter Kokayeff, Michael Roy Smith
  • Patent number: 7794588
    Abstract: A process is provided for producing low sulfur diesel having a reduced poly-aromatic level where at least a portion of the poly-aromatics are converted to mono-aromatics. In one aspect, the process separates the temperature and pressure requirements for obtaining low levels of sulfur from the temperature and pressure requirements to saturate poly-aromatics to mono-aromatics. By one approach, the process first converts a diesel boiling range hydrocarbon stream in a hydrotreating zone at conditions effective to produce a hydrotreating zone effluent having a reduced concentration of sulfur with minimal saturation of poly-aromatics. Hydrogen is then admixed in the hydrotreating zone effluent or at least a portion thereof, which is then reacted in a substantially liquid-phase continuous reaction zone to effect saturation of poly-aromatics to provide a liquid-phase continuous reaction zone effluent having a reduced level of poly-aromatics relative to the diesel feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Peter Kokayeff, Laura Elise Leonard, Michael Roy Smith
  • Patent number: 7790020
    Abstract: A process is provided for producing low sulfur diesel having a high cetane number where the temperature and pressure requirements for obtaining low levels of sulfur is separated from the temperature and pressure requirements for improving cetane. In one aspect, a low pressure hydrodesulfurization zone and a high pressure aromatic saturation zone are employed to sequentially achieve the desired sulfur and cetane levels. In another aspect, the process first converts a diesel boiling range hydrocarbonaceous stream in a hydrotreating zone at conditions effective to produce a hydrotreating zone effluent having a reduced concentration of sulfur with minimal saturation of aromatics. Hydrogen is then admixed with the hydrotreating zone effluent, which is then reacted in a substantially liquid-phase continuous reaction zone substantially undiluted with other streams to effect saturation of aromatics to provide a liquid-phase continuous reaction zone effluent having an improved cetane number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Peter Kokayeff, Laura Elise Leonard, Michael Roy Smith
  • Patent number: 7763763
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for the production of olefins wherein a synthetic naphtha is passed to a steam cracker. The synthetic naphtha is derived from the fractionation of a Fischer-Tropsch product stream. The Fischer-Tropsch product stream may be separated into a lighter fraction and a heavy fraction and the heavy fraction may be hydrotreated prior to fractionation. Optionally the synthetic naphtha may be hydrogenated to produce a saturated synthetic naphtha which can then be subsequently passed to the steam cracker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Assignee: BP Exploration Operating Company Limited
    Inventor: Josephus Johannes Helena Maria Font Freide
  • Publication number: 20100176027
    Abstract: An integrated process for producing diesel fuel from feedstocks, including diesel fuel production under sour conditions, is provided. The ability to process feedstocks under higher sulfur and/or nitrogen conditions allows for reduced cost processing and increases the flexibility in selecting a suitable feedstock. In addition to the benefits in sour service, the process also returns to clean service activity levels more quickly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2009
    Publication date: July 15, 2010
    Inventors: Christopher G. Oliveri, William J. Novak, Timothy L. Hilbert
  • Publication number: 20100176026
    Abstract: Processes are provided for producing a diesel fuel product having a sulfur content of 10 ppm by weight or less from feed sources that include up to 50% by weight of a biocomponent feedstock. The biocomponent feedstock is co-processed with a heavy oil feed in a severe hydrotreating stage. The product from the severe hydrotreatment stage is fractionated to separate out a diesel boiling range fraction, which is then separately hydrotreated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2009
    Publication date: July 15, 2010
    Inventors: Kathryn Y. Cole, William E. Lewis
  • Publication number: 20100167134
    Abstract: A process for converting natural gas to liquid hydrocarbons comprising heating the gas through a selected range of temperature for sufficient time and/or combustion of the gas at a sufficient temperature and under suitable conditions for a reaction time sufficient to convert a portion of the gas stream to reactive hydrocarbon products, primarily ethylene or acetylene. The gas containing acetylene may be separated such that acetylene is converted to ethylene. The ethylene product(s) may be reacted in the presence of an acidic catalyst to produce a liquid, a portion of which will be predominantly naphtha or gasoline. A portion of the incoming natural gas or hydrogen produced in the process may be used to heat the remainder of the natural gas to the selected range of temperature. Reactive gas components are used in a catalytic liquefaction step and/or for alternate chemical processing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2010
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: SYNFUELS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Sean C. Gattis, Edward R. Peterson
  • Publication number: 20100167135
    Abstract: A process for converting natural gas to liquid hydrocarbons comprising heating the gas through a selected range of temperature for sufficient time and/or combustion of the gas at a sufficient temperature and under suitable conditions for a reaction time sufficient to convert a portion of the gas stream to reactive hydrocarbon products, primarily ethylene or acetylene. The gas containing acetylene may be separated such that acetylene is converted to ethylene. The ethylene product(s) may be reacted in the presence of an acidic catalyst to produce a liquid, a portion of which will be predominantly naphtha or gasoline. A portion of the incoming natural gas or hydrogen produced in the process may be used to heat the remainder of the natural gas to the selected range of temperature. Reactive gas components are used in a catalytic liquefaction step and/or for alternate chemical processing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2010
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: SYNFUELS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Sean C. Gattis, Edward R. Peterson
  • Publication number: 20100167136
    Abstract: A process for converting natural gas to liquid hydrocarbons comprising heating the gas through a selected range of temperature for sufficient time and/or combustion of the gas at a sufficient temperature and under suitable conditions for a reaction time sufficient to convert a portion of the gas stream to reactive hydrocarbon products, primarily ethylene or acetylene. The gas containing acetylene may be separated such that acetylene is converted to ethylene. The ethylene product(s) may be reacted in the presence of an acidic catalyst to produce a liquid, a portion of which will be predominantly naphtha or gasoline. A portion of the incoming natural gas or hydrogen produced in the process may be used to heat the remainder of the natural gas to the selected range of temperature. Reactive gas components are used in a catalytic liquefaction step and/or for alternate chemical processing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2010
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: SYNFUELS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Sean C. Gattis, Edward R. Peterson
  • Publication number: 20100167139
    Abstract: A process for converting natural gas to liquid hydrocarbons comprising heating the gas through a selected range of temperature for sufficient time and/or combustion of the gas at a sufficient temperature and under suitable conditions for a reaction time sufficient to convert a portion of the gas stream to reactive hydrocarbon products, primarily ethylene or acetylene. The gas containing acetylene may be separated such that acetylene is converted to ethylene. The ethylene product(s) may be reacted in the presence of an acidic catalyst to produce a liquid, a portion of which will be predominantly naphtha or gasoline. A portion of the incoming natural gas or hydrogen produced in the process may be used to heat the remainder of the natural gas to the selected range of temperature. Reactive gas components are used in a catalytic liquefaction step and/or for alternate chemical processing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2010
    Publication date: July 1, 2010
    Applicant: SYNFUELS INTERNATIONAL, INC.
    Inventors: Sean C. Gattis, Edward R. Peterson
  • Patent number: 7744742
    Abstract: The process as described herein produces a moderately aromatic isoparaffinic base oil from a distillate range product. This process comprises: (a) providing a distillate range paraffin feed comprising paraffins and cycloparaffins; (b) mildly reforming the distillate range paraffin feed to convert at least a portion of the cycloparaffins to alkylaromatics and provide a mildly reformed distillate range stream; (c) treating a stream comprising the mildly reformed distillate range stream in a molecular redistribution reactor to provide a distributed stream; (d) dewaxing at least a portion of the distributed stream to provide a dewaxed stream; (e) combining at least a portion of the dewaxed stream with the stream to be processed in the molecular redistribution reactor to provide the distributed stream; and (f) isolating a moderately aromatic isoparaffinic base oil from the dewaxed stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Dennis J. O'Rear
  • Publication number: 20100155293
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for hydrocracking hydrocarbon feedstocks having 200 ppm by weight to 2% by weight of asphaltenes and/or more than 10 ppm by weight of metals, comprising a hydrodemetallation treatment in at least 2 switchable reaction zones, containing hydrodemetallation catalyst and optionally hydrodenitrification catalyst, then a hydrorefining treatment to lower the organic nitrogen content, followed by a fixed-bed hydrocracking treatment and a distillation step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Applicant: IFP
    Inventors: Jan Jeroum Verstraete, Hugues Dulot, Fabrice Bertoncini, Eric Sanchez
  • Patent number: 7736491
    Abstract: A process for the fluid catalytic cracking of mixed hydrocarbon feeds from different sources is described, such as feeds A and B of different crackability, the process being especially directed to obtaining light fractions such as LPG and comprising injecting feed A in the base of the riser reactive section and feed B, of lower crackability, at a height between 10% and 80% of the riser, with feed B comprising between 5% and 50% of the total processed feed. The process requires that the feeds present differences in the contaminant content, improved dispersion of feeds A and B and feed B injection temperature same or higher than that of feed A.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. - Petrobras
    Inventors: Claudia Maria de Lacerda Alvarenga Baptista, Henrique Soares Cerqueira, Emanuel Freire Sandes
  • Patent number: 7737312
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for producing linear alkyl benzene, the process including the steps of obtaining a hydrocarbon condensate containing olefins, paraffins and oxygenates from a low temperature Fischer-Tropsch reaction; a) fractionating a desired carbon number distribution from the hydrocarbon condensate to form a fractionated hydrocarbon condensate stream; b) extracting oxygenates from the fractionated hydrocarbon condensate stream from step (a) to form a stream containing olefins and paraffins; c) combining the stream containing olefins and paraffins from step (b) with the feed stream from step (g) to form a combined stream; d) alkylating olefins in the combined stream from step (c) with benzene in the presence of a suitable alkylation catalyst in an alkylation reactor; e) recovering linear alkyl benzene from the alkylation reactor; f) recovering unreacted paraffins from the alkylation reactor; g) dehydrogenating the unreacted paraffins in the presence of a suitable dehydrogenation catalyst
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventors: Ivan Greager, Jan Hendrik Scholtz, Johan Pieter de Wet, Mieke Ann Desmet, Wilhelmina Jansen, Paul Jacobson, Luis Pablo Fidel Dancuart
  • Patent number: 7737317
    Abstract: Processing schemes and arrangements are provided for the processing a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock via hydrocarbon cracking processing with selected hydrocarbon fractions being obtained via fractionation-based product recovery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: UOP LLC.
    Inventors: Michael A. Schultz, Jason T. Corradi
  • Patent number: 7727377
    Abstract: A system 100 is described for the treatment of multiphase residues having unlimited content of water, oil and solids to obtain hydrocarbons and other products, said system comprising multiphase residue feed system 10, inert gas system 20 and reduced pressure system 30, tubular reactor 40 provided with three heating zones Z-1, Z-2 and Z-3 with a temperature gradient and transportation helicoid 42 to displace the residue mass throughout the reaction zones, the hydrocarbon products and water being collected in a system 60 of condensers 61, 62 and 63 linked to a system 70 of bubbling vessels 71, 72 and 73, reactor 40 being operated in the sealed mode and being provided with a multiphase residue inlet 43 and exit 44 of solid product. The solid product is collected in a system 50 comprising upper valve 51 and lower valve 52, and intermediate silo 53 and then directed to post-treatment system 90 for activation aiming at industrial utilization. The process using the system 100 of the invention is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignees: Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. - Petrobras, Albrecht Equipamentos Industrials LTDA
    Inventors: Arilza de Castilho Pickler, Luis Fernando Piexoto Gallo, Carlos Alberto Dias da Silva, Waldir Albrecht, Christine Albrecht Althoff
  • Patent number: 7727376
    Abstract: A process to prepare base oils from a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis product by (a) separating the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis product into a fraction (i) boiling in the middle distillate range and below, a heavy ends fraction (iii) and an intermediate base oil precursor fraction (ii) boiling between fraction (i) and fraction (iii), (b) subjecting the base oil precursor fraction (ii) to a catalytic hydroisomerisation and catalytic dewaxing process to yield one or more base oil grades, (c) subjecting the heavy ends fraction (iii) to a conversion step to yield a fraction (iv) boiling below the heavy ends fraction (iii) and (d) subjecting the high boiling fraction (v) of fraction (iv) to a catalytic hydroisomerisation and catalytic dewaxing process to yield one or more base oil grades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Nicholas James Adams, Michiel Cramwinckel, Jan Lodewijk Maria Dierickx
  • Patent number: 7727379
    Abstract: Process to prepare simultaneously two or more base oil grades and middle distillates from a mineral crude derived feed, in particular a de-asphalted oil or a vacuum distillate feed or their mixtures, by performing the following steps: (a) hydrocracking the mineral crude derived feed, thereby obtaining an effluent; (b) distillation of the effluent as obtained in step (a) into one or more middle distillates and a full range residue boiling substantially above 340° C., (c) catalytically dewaxing the full range residue by contacting the residue with a dewaxing catalyst comprising a zeolite of the MTW type and a Group VIII metal, thereby obtaining a dewaxed oil; (d) isolating by means of distillation two or more base oil grades from the dewaxed oil obtained in step (c); and (e) isolating a dewaxed gas oil from the dewaxed-oil obtained in step (c); wherein the dewaxed oil as obtained in step (c) comprises between 10 and 40 wt % of a dewaxed heavy gas oil boiling for more than 70 wt % between 370 and 400° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Nicholas James Adams, Harmannus Julius Hegge, Laurent Georges Huve, Kevin John Anthony Polder, Wiecher Derk Evert Steenge
  • Publication number: 20100122933
    Abstract: A process for converting heavy sulfur-containing crude oil into lighter crude oil with lower sulfur content and lower molecular weight is provided. The process is a low-temperature process using controlled cavitation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2008
    Publication date: May 20, 2010
    Applicant: Saudi Arabian Oil Company
    Inventor: M. Rashid Khan
  • Publication number: 20100108567
    Abstract: Biomass (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) is processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems can use feedstock materials, such as cellulosic and/or lignocellulosic materials and/or starchy materials, to produce ethanol and/or butanol, e.g., by fermentation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: XYLECO, INC.
    Inventor: Marshall MEDOFF
  • Patent number: 7708877
    Abstract: A new residuum full hydroconversion slurry reactor system has been developed that allows the catalyst, unconverted oil and converted oil to circulate in a continuous mixture throughout an entire reactor with no confinement of the mixture. The mixture is partially separated in between the reactors to remove only the converted oil while permitting the unconverted oil and the slurry catalyst to continue on into the next sequential reactor where a portion of the unconverted oil is converted to lower boiling point hydrocarbons, once again creating a mixture of unconverted oil, converted oil, and slurry catalyst. Further hydroprocessing may occur in additional reactors, fully converting the oil. The oil may alternately be partially converted, leaving a highly concentrated catalyst in unconverted oil which can be recycled directly to the first reactor. Fully converted oil is subsequently hydrofinished for the nearly complete removal of hetoroatoms such as sulfur and nitrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron USA Inc.
    Inventors: Darush Farshid, Bruce Reynolds
  • Publication number: 20100101978
    Abstract: A device and method are provided for manipulating petroleum, non-conventional oil and other viscous complex fluids made of hydrocarbons that comprise enforcement of fluid in a multi-stage flow-through hydrodynamic cavitational reactor, subjecting said fluids to a controlled cavitation and continuing the application of such cavitation for a period of time sufficient for obtaining desired changes in physical properties and/or chemical composition and generating the upgraded products. The method includes alteration of chemical bonds, induction of interactions of components, changes in composition, heterogeneity and rheological characteristics in order to facilitate handling, improve yields of distillate fuels and optimize other properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2009
    Publication date: April 29, 2010
    Applicant: CAVITATION TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Roman Gordon, Igor Gorodnitsky, Maxim Promtov, Varvara Grichko