Including Organic Agent Patents (Class 210/728)
  • Patent number: 6306308
    Abstract: A coagulant which is the reaction product of a trivalent metal salt (eg., FeCl3), excluding chromium salts, an acid phosphorous compound and an aluminum hydroxy chloride, and a process for preparing such coagulant. This coagulant may be effectively used to remove suspended solids and various impurities in most water treatment applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2001
    Assignee: Nalco Chemical Company
    Inventors: Denis E. Hassick, Michael P. Flaherty, Pamela J. Dotter, Robert J. Guerrini
  • Patent number: 6274045
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for recovering and separating precious and non-precious metals from waste streams, which removes, separates, and recovers such metals in a cost effective manner with more than 95% removal from waste streams and with minimal amounts of unprocessed solids and sludge remaining in the environment. Metals such as chromium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, silver, gold, platinum, vanadium, sodium, potassium, beryllium, magnesium, calcium, barium, lead, aluminum, tin; and the like are removed and recovered from the waste streams with at least 95% removal and other metals and compounds, such as antimony, sulfur, and selenium are removed and recovered from waste streams with at least 50% removal. The method employs a unique complexing agent comprising a carbamate compound and an alkali metal hydroxide which facilitates the formation of the metals into ionic metal particles enabling them to be readily separated, removed and recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Inventor: Lawrence Kreisler
  • Patent number: 6270679
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for recovering and separating precious and non-precious metals from waste streams, which removes, separates, and recovers such metals in a cost effective manner with more than 95% removal from waste streams and with minimal amounts of unprocessed solids and sludge remaining in the environment. Metals such as chromium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, silver, gold, platinum, vanadium, sodium, potassium, beryllium, magnesium, calcium, barium, lead, aluminum, tin; and the like are removed and recovered from the waste streams with at least 95% removal and other metals and compounds, such as antimony, sulfur, and selenium are removed and recovered from waste streams with at least 50% removal. The method employs a unique complexing agent comprising a carbamate compound and an alkali metal hydroxide which facilitates the formation of the metals into ionic metal particles enabling them to be readily separated, removed and recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2001
    Inventor: Lawrence Kreisler
  • Patent number: 6261461
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte which contains an inorganic pigment, having a sulfonated polystyrene resin as a principal ingredient, and is soluble to water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuhito Inagaki, Tsutomu Noguchi, Haruo Watanabe, Miyuki Kuromiya
  • Patent number: 6261459
    Abstract: An improved process for the treatment of water, selected from livestock wastewater and a livestock water stream, which process comprises adding to said water a composition comprising a sufficient amount of an acid to lower the water pH to less than 3.5 to 2.0; and wherein said acid is selected from the group of 1,3,5-Triazine-2,4,6-(1H,3H,5H)-hydroxyalkyltriglyoxilic acid (PR-1409SA); 2,2-oxy-diacetic acid; 2,2-ether diglycolic acid; sulfamic acid; and sulfuric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Polymer Research Corporation
    Inventor: John J. Waldmann
  • Patent number: 6260620
    Abstract: A method for separating excess water, sludge, or both, from recovered crude petroleum oil. The method comprises adding to crude petroleum oil a composition comprising about 40 to 99 wt % of a fatty acid alkyl ester blend and about 1 to 25 wt % of at least one lower alkyl glycol ether, and then agitating the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Nor Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Harvey A. Furman, Kenneth R. Cioletti
  • Patent number: 6254782
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for recovering and separating precious and non-precious metals from waste streams, which removes, separates, and recovers such metals in a cost effective manner with more than 95% removal form waste streams and with minimal amounts of unprocessed solids and sludge remaining in the environment. Metals such as chromium, manganese, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, silver, gold, platinum, vanadium, sodium, potassium, beryllium, magnesium, calcium, barium, lead, aluminum, tin; and the lie are removed and recovered from the waste streams with at least 95% removal and other metals and compounds, such as antimony, sulfur, and selenium are removed and recovered from waste streams with at least 50% removal. The method employs a unique complexing agent comprising a carbamate compound and an alkali metal hydroxide which facilitates the formation of the metals into ionic metal particles enabling them to be readily separated, removed and recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Inventor: Lawrence Kreisler
  • Patent number: 6248369
    Abstract: A water soluble copper salt, preferably cupric sulfate pentahydrate, is mixed with water. A small quantity of an acidic flocculant is added to the copper sulfate solution to acidify the water and promote dissolving of the copper sulfate in the water. A 25-50% water solution of an acidic flocculant, with or without a cationic polymeric flocculant aid, is prepared and pumped into a processing vessel or tank. The acidified copper sulfate solution is added to the tank and mixed with the acidic flocculant. The algicide-flocculant solution is transported to a municipal water plant and added to raw water in the clarifier to drop out particulates in the incoming water and control algae in the clarifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2001
    Assignee: Bay Chemical and Supply Company
    Inventors: Thomas J. Nier, Tosby L. Linn
  • Patent number: 6203711
    Abstract: A process is provided which can be used, for example, to clarify substantially aqueous fluids and separate solids from the fluid. The process comprises combining the fluid with a composition which comprises an anionic silica-based colloid having an S value of less than 50% and a cationic organic polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Robert Harvey Moffett
  • Patent number: 6190575
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte which contains an inorganic pigment, having a sulfonated polystyrene resin as a principal ingredient, and is soluble to water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2001
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuhito Inagaki, Tsutomu Noguchi, Haruo Watanabe, Miyuki Kuromiya
  • Patent number: 6184257
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel formulation in a composition comprising FeCl3 and a dialkyl diallyl ammonium polymer where the FeCl3 has been diluted with water prior to being mixed with the polymer providing a stable composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2001
    Assignee: Calgon Corporation
    Inventor: Denis E. Hassick
  • Patent number: 6174445
    Abstract: Polynucleate metal hydroxide anionic compounds and method for their production. The compounds have the formula: MaNb(OH)cXdYeZf.(H2O)g wherein M is a tri- or more valent metal ion; N is a divalent metal ion that forms a soluble salt with anions X, Y or Z; OH represents the level of basicity; X is a monovalent anion; Y is a divalent anion; Z is a trivalent anion; a is 1; b is from 0.15 to 2.0; c is from 0.3 to 5; d is from 0 to 3; e is from 0.1 to 2.25; f is from 0 to 1; and g is greater than 4 where the compound is in the form of an aqueous solution, or from 0 to 20 where the compound is not in the form of an aqueous solution. The compounds are useful for water treatment for removal of suspended solids and for various applications in the paper industry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: BR Technologies
    Inventors: Phillip B. Reilly, Jr., P. Brennan Reilly, III
  • Patent number: 6171506
    Abstract: A process of thickening an aqueous suspension of mineral solids by sedimentation comprising adding to the suspension water-soluble anionic bridging polymeric flocculant having intrinsic viscosity at least 5 dl/g and water-soluble cationic polymeric flocculant, allowing the solids to settle under gravity so as to form a lower underflow fraction containing a concentration of solids greater than that of the suspension and an upper overflow fraction containing a concentration of solids lower than that of the suspension and removing the underflow fraction, characterised in that the anionic and cationic flocculants are added to the suspension as an aqueous composition formed by blending 1 part by weight of the cationic polymeric flocculant with 2 to 99 parts by weight of the anionic polymeric flocculant and sufficient water to give a total polymer concentration of below 5 wt % and under conditions whereby counter-ionic precipitation can occur and in the aqueous composition substantially all of the anionic polymer
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Water Treatments Limited
    Inventors: Anthony Peter Allen, Peter Albert Sedders
  • Patent number: 6159379
    Abstract: A method has been discovered for removing organics, such as water soluble organics (WSO), from fluids containing water, such as oil process water, by contacting the fluid with an effective amount of an organic ammonium salt. No added acid is necessary, although in some embodiments, weak acids such as glycolic acid, can be used to give synergistic improvement in organic removal. Suitable organic ammonium salts have the formula:R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3 N.sup.+ H X.sup.-where R.sup.1 is a saturated or unsaturated alkyl group or an aryl group, or saturated or unsaturated alkyl group or an aryl group substituted with a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of N, O, S, P and halogen; R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently H or a saturated or unsaturated alkyl group or an aryl group, or saturated or unsaturated alkyl group or an aryl group substituted with a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of N, O, S, P and halogen; and X is a halogen atom or an anion of a protic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Charles Mitchell Means, Michael Paul Squicciarini
  • Patent number: 6159302
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for clarifying sugar are disclosed. Compositions of a condensation polymer of a dihaloalkyl compound and a dialkylamine compound and a phosphate compound are effective at clarifying the sugar syrup during its production as well as reducing the total amount of phosphate used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: BetzDearborn Inc.
    Inventors: Carlos Roberto Xavier, Claudio Candido Luiz, Luiz Antonio Fernandes
  • Patent number: 6146465
    Abstract: An improved process for clarifying sugar syrup in the flotation system of a sugar making operation. Neutral phosphate-based compounds are added to the flotation system to aid in clarifying the sugar syrup. The use of the neutral phosphate-based compounds will eliminate the use of phosphoric acid and the commensurate need for neutralizing chemical as well as elimination of the tanks for phosphoric acid and neutralizing chemical mixing at field installations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Assignee: Betzdearborn Inc.
    Inventors: Carlos Roberto Xavier, Claudio Candido Luiz, Luiz Antonio Fernandes
  • Patent number: 6136200
    Abstract: A composition for the detackification and clarification of acid and alkaline paint and lacquer waste waters and paint spray booth wastes, comprising:an inorganic-organic and/or organic adduct alloy polymer composition having the formula:A.multidot.B.sup.+ .multidot.D.sup.+wherein: A=[(SiO.sub.2 /Me.sup.I.sub.2 O).sub.u Me.sup.II.sub.m Me.sub.m.sup.III(OH).sbsp.p.sup.(SO.sbsp.4.sup.).sbsp.y.sup.(Aci) (2m+3n)-p-2y].sub.rwhere r=1 to 98% bw; u=0 to 10% bw; ##STR1## where: x=0 to 98% bw; Z is a divalent substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, heterocyclic or aromatic radicalD.sup.+ =(PQAM).sub.wwherew=2 to 98% b.w. of polyquaternized polymer (PQAM)Me.sub.m.sup.II is selected from the divalent cationic group comprising: Mg, Zn, Ca, and Fe.sup.2+m=0 to 5Me.sub.n.sup.III is a tri-or more valent metal selected from the group comprising: Fe, Al, and Al--Zn complexes;n=1 to 20Aci is selected from the monovalent anionic group comprising Cl.sup.-, Br.sup.-, I.sup.-, NO.sub.3 --, H.sub.2 PO.sub.4 --, CH.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: Polymer Research Corporation
    Inventor: John J. Waldmann
  • Patent number: 6136220
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for detackifying and dispersing, and coagulating/flocculating and dispersing solventborne and waterborne paints, respectively, in paint spray booth waters are disclosed. An aqueous composition of water soluble cationic polymer, nonionic surfactant and amphoteric surfactant is used in conjunction with a silicate compound to treat the paint spray booth waters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: BetzDearborn Inc.
    Inventors: Howard B. Agree, Barry P. Gunagan, Edward A. Rodzewich
  • Patent number: 6130258
    Abstract: A method for resolving an oil-and-water emulsion is disclosed. The method comprises adding to the emulsion (1) if the emulsion does not contain a desirably high concentration of polyvalent metal cations of at least one part per million by weight, an amount of polyvalent metal cations sufficient to result in the desirably polyvalent metal cation concentration in the emulsion, and (2) an effective demulsifying amount of a combination of a terminating agent that is either a non-emulsifying hydrotrope composition or a coupling agent, and a composition comprising a polydithiocarbamate compound comprising at least two groups represented by the formula --(OR.sup.1).sub.X NHC(:S)SR.sup.2, wherein R.sup.1 represents an alkylene group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, R.sup.2 represents an alkali or alkaline earth metal group or an ammonium group; and x represents an integer of from 1 to about 250 independently selected for each of such groups such that the total of the integers x is, on average, from 3 to about 250.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2000
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Thomas J. Bellos
  • Patent number: 6126839
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods for concentrating bacteria from a viscous biological sample. The methods involve adding to the sample a water-soluble, density-lowering agent having a density of 0.7 to 0.9 g/ml and a boiling point greater than 50.degree. C. The invention also relates to methods for concentrating bacteria and free bacterial nucleic acids from a biological sample that involve mixing with the sample a density-lowering agent and a monovalent salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2000
    Inventors: Carol Kreader, John W. Backus, Joanne H. Kerschner, Rashmi Mehta
  • Patent number: 6126837
    Abstract: Methods for removing suspended particles from a solution are disclosed. These methods generally comprise adding to the solution to be treated an effective amount of a composition comprising a Mannich derivatized polyether. The polyether is generally described as the condensation polymer of Mannich derivatized bisphenol and a difunctional monomer. The methods have broad application in a wide variety of industries and are effective in removal of all types of suspended particles even when numerous types of particles are contained within the same solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2000
    Assignee: Calgon Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph P. Miknevich, Shih-Ruey T. Chen
  • Patent number: 6123856
    Abstract: A sludge, preferably derived at least in part from a paper mill, pulp mill or deinking plant, and which contains at least secondary sludge or primary sludge comprising deinking waste, recycled paper waste or mechanical pulping waste, is flocculated by being mixed with a phenolic material and a polyalkylene oxide and is then subjected to dewatering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Water Treatments Limited
    Inventors: Victor Kumpera, Stephen Robert Tremont
  • Patent number: 6123855
    Abstract: The present invention relates to dewatering of an aqueous slurry of calcium carbonate. More particularly, the present invention relates to the use of non-ionic surfactants in dewatering aqueous slurries of an aragonitic precipitated calcium carbonate. Calcium carbonate slurries dewatered using the non-ionic surfactants of the present invention have higher weight percent solids, decreased dispersant demand, and result in higher productivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Minerals Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Colin Wayne Hansen, Christopher Alan Wener, I
  • Patent number: 6120690
    Abstract: This invention provides a process for clarifying waters and wastewaters by using aluminum salts and/or aluminum polymers and newly formulated high molecular weight quaternized polymers. The aluminum polymers and the high molecular weight quaternized polymers are blended in the water or wastewater to form a flocculated suspension, causing liquid-solid separation. The quaternized polymers have a molecular weight of greater than approximately 1,000,000 and have a viscosity greater than about 1,000 cps at a concentration of approximately 20% in water. Preferably, poly-aluminum hydroxychloride, poly-aluminum chloride and poly-aluminum siloxane sulfate are used as aluminum polymers along with high molecular weight quaternized polymers such as di-allyl di-methyl ammonium chloride (DADMAC), to significantly improve liquid-solid separation in waters and wastewaters. Aluminum salts, such as alums and aluminum chloride, can also be used along with the quaternized polymers to clarify water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Inventor: Richard Alan Haase
  • Patent number: 6110374
    Abstract: A treatment process is disclosed for reducing the concentration of pathogenic microorganisms in a volume of wastewater that contains a substantial concentration of pathogenic microorganisms less than about 10 microns in size, less than about 5 microns in size, and less than about 0.1 microns in size. The process includes adding an agglomerate-promoting agent, such as a coagulant chemical, to the volume of wastewater such that the solids aggregates form in the volume of wastewater and include the pathogenic microorganisms. The volume of wastewater is then passed through a filter cloth membrane to separate greater than about 50.0% of the pathogenic microorganisms less than 10 microns in size from the volume of wastewater, to separate up to about 99.9% of the pathogenic microorganisms less than about 5 microns in size, and to separate up to about 99% of the pathogenic microorganisms less than about 0.1 microns in size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Aqua-Aerobic Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul A. Hughes
  • Patent number: 6090293
    Abstract: In this process for reducing the quantity of water contained in pulps of nickel-bearing ores, the pulp is diluted with water, a dilute aqueous solution of a flocculant based on an acrylic acid copolymer is injected, the mixture is left to decant, then the underflow and overflow are separated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Inventors: Jean-Louis Cardini, Jean Roger Paul Regnoult
  • Patent number: 6086783
    Abstract: A polymer electrolyte which contains an inorganic pigment, having a sulfonated polystyrene resin as a principal ingredient, and is soluble to water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuhito Inagaki, Tsutomu Noguchi, Haruo Watanabe, Miyuki Kuromiya
  • Patent number: 6083404
    Abstract: The present invention provides a new method for dewatering difficult sludges, such as autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion sludges. The method incorporates a three-component treatment system. Initially, the difficult sludge is dosed with an inorganic coagulant and then the resulting sludge-inorganic mixture is dosed with a microparticle component. Lastly, the resulting mixture is dosed with a high molecular weight flocculant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Nalco Chemical Company
    Inventors: Anthony G. Sommese, Jitendra Shah
  • Patent number: 6063291
    Abstract: Belt pressing or other pressure dewatering of a high solids mineral suspension is facilitated by flocculating the suspension by mixing into the suspension anionic flocculant having IV at least 5 dl/g and a minor amount of a cationic flocculant which generally has IV at least 4 dl/g. The flocculants are normally such that counterionic precipitation occurs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Water Treatments Limited
    Inventors: Anthony Peter Allen, Philip McColl, George Thomas Staines
  • Patent number: 6060164
    Abstract: Primary polymer particles having a size at least 90% below 10 .mu.m and which contain water soluble and water insoluble polymer are made by reverse phase polymerisation of a water soluble ethylenically unsaturated monomer or monomer blend with cross linking agent, and the emulsion is then spray dried to form spray dried granules which disintegrate upon addition to water, thereby forming an aqueous composition of the insoluble particles having activity similar to the starting emulsion. This aqueous composition of insoluble particles is particularly useful for flocculation, for instance flocculation of sewage sludge followed by centrifugation or belt pressing, or for viscosification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2000
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Water Treatments Limited
    Inventors: Michael Green, Malcolm Hawe, John Rodney Field
  • Patent number: 6054055
    Abstract: The invention discloses oil congealing compositions to coagulate oil that has been spilled on water. The congealing composition is oliophilic based and floats on the water surface to contract and congeal oil spills in both salt and fresh water, which includes in significant amounts a polypropylene glycol ether, an alcohol, an ester and polyoxyalkyl glycol ether. After the congealing composition is applied to the oil spill, the floating congealed oil can be readily mechanically removed from the water such that at least 99.9% of the oil is removable from the water with minimal negative environmental impact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2000
    Assignee: Joan E. Docter
    Inventor: James O. Burlew
  • Patent number: 6042732
    Abstract: A method for dewatering coal tailings, clean coal products and mineral slurries with an effective coagulating amount of a combination of a cationic polymer and a starch. A preferred cationic polymer is poly(dimethylaminoethylacrylate methyl chloride quaternary salt) and preferred starches are unmodified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2000
    Assignee: Nalco Chemical Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Jankowski, Calvin T. Tobison
  • Patent number: 6039880
    Abstract: A method for dehydrating a waste hydrocarbon sludge, includes the steps of: (a) providing a waste hydrocarbon sludge in the form of an emulsion of water and oil having a water content greater than or equal to about 10% vol; (b) providing a solution of a clarifying agent in formation water; (c) mixing the waste hydrocarbon sludge with the solution so as to provide a sludge-water mixture having a ratio of water to hydrocarbon of at least about 1:1; (d) adding a demulsifier to the sludge-water mixture to provide a sludge-water-demulsifier mixture; (e) heating the sludge-water-demulsifier mixture to a sufficient temperature and holding for a time sufficient to provide a hydrocarbon phase having a water content of less than or equal to about 1% vol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Assignee: Intevep, S.A.
    Inventor: Carmen Morataya
  • Patent number: 6019912
    Abstract: A method for resolving an oil-and-water emulsion is disclosed. The method comprises adding to the emulsion (1) if the emulsion does not contain a desirably high concentration of polyvalent metal cations of at least one part per million by weight, an amount of polyvalent metal cations sufficient to result in the desirably polyvalent metal cation concentration in the emulsion, and (2) an effective demulsifying amount of a combination of a terminating agent that is either a non-emulsifying hydrotrope composition or a coupling agent, and a composition comprising a polydithiocarbamate compound comprising at least two groups represented by the formula --(OR.sup.1).sub.x NHC(:S)SR.sup.2, wherein R.sup.1 represents an alkylene group of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, R.sup.2 represents an alkali or alkaline earth metal group or an ammonium group; and x represents an integer of from 1 to about 250 independently selected for each of such groups such that the total of the integers x is, on average, from 3 to about 250.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2000
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Thomas J. Bellos
  • Patent number: 6004434
    Abstract: A method of treating cleaning solvent used to clean mechanical parts. The method includes adding to the cleaning solvent a treating composition selected from the group of C.sub.5 -C.sub.14 alcohols, C.sub.2 -C.sub.8 dials, C.sub.10 -C.sub.14 polyols, and C.sub.4 -C.sub.14 glycol ethers, and mixtures thereof. A further embodiment includes the foregoing plus adding a clarifying agent from the group of aromatic, aliphatic and alkaryl sulfonic acids and sulfonic acid salts, esterified polyols, and alkyl phenol formaldehyde resins capped with alkoxy groups. The solvent is vaporized and condensed to effect recycling thereof without adding substituted quantities of treating composition to the solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Safety-Kleen Corp.
    Inventor: Esfandiar Kiany
  • Patent number: 5985154
    Abstract: Methods and compositions for detackifying and dispersing, and coagulating/flocculating and dispersing solventborne and waterborne paints, respectively, in paint spray booth waters are disclosed. An aqueous composition of water soluble cationic polymer, nonionic surfactant and amphoteric surfactant is used in conjunction with a silicate compound to treat the paint spray booth waters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Assignee: Betz Dearborn Inc.
    Inventors: Howard B. Agree, Barry P. Gunagan, Edward A. Rodzewich
  • Patent number: 5965027
    Abstract: A process and system for removing silica from large volumes of wastewater is disclosed. In the process, a wastewater stream containing silica is treated with a chemical coagulant, such as a epichlorohydrin/dimethylamine polymer, to create spherical particles which agglomerate into clusters having a diameter greater than 5 microns. Treated wastewater is passed through a microfiltration membrane which physically separates the silica contaminant particle from the wastewater. Commercially available microfiltration membranes having a pore size from 0.5 micron to 5 microns may be used. The treated wastewater flow rate through the microfiltration membranes can range from 150 gallons per square foot of membrane per day ("GFD") to 600 GFD. Solids are removed from the membrane surface by periodically backflushing the microfiltration membranes and draining solids at timed intervals from the filtration vessel within which the membranes are located.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1999
    Assignee: Microbar Incorporated
    Inventors: Stephen D. Allen, Leonard R. Lyman
  • Patent number: 5961839
    Abstract: A method for clearing water in ornamental lakes, ponds, streams and other bodies of water comprises the steps: identifying the amount of water to be treated; determining the amount of a polyacrylamide flocculant to be applied necessary to obtain a desired clarity; determining flow rate of the water to be circulated; and applying the polyacrylamide flocculant to the water; wherein the polyacrylamide flocculant has a positive charge density in the range from about 40% to 100% and an average molecular weight in the range from about 6,000,000, to 18,000,000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Inventor: Patrick A. Simmsgeiger
  • Patent number: 5961838
    Abstract: Processes for removing color from a paper mill waste effluent and for removing color from a textile plant waste effluent utilizing an amphoteric copolymer/polyamine combination are described. A preferred amphoteric copolymer is poly(dimethylaminoethylacrylate methyl chloride quaternary salt/acrylic acid) and a preferred polyamine is a polymeric reaction product of epichlorohydrin and dimethylamine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Nalco Chemical Company
    Inventors: Michael L. Braden, Richard E. Metzgar, Jitendra T. Shah
  • Patent number: 5954964
    Abstract: The present invention comprises a wastewater treatment process wherein the waste activated sludge is digested to produce treated biosolids which are then directed to a dewatering facility that removes water from the treated biosolids. Before or during the dewatering process, both a low molecular weight polymer and a high molecular weight polymer are added to the treated biosolids. The addition of the two polymers of different molecular weights results in the treated biosolids coagulating and then forming flocs of biosolids that effectively drives water from the flocs and renders the flocs more susceptible to an efficient and effective dewatering process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Kruger, Inc.
    Inventors: Bente Elise Nielsen, R. David Holbrook
  • Patent number: 5945004
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for treating waste liquids containing body fluids so as to prevent problems such as nosocomial infection due to such waste liquids containing body fluids discharged from patients under (surgical) operation or treatment, particularly those waste liquids containing blood or an irrigation liquid used to irrigate the body cavity of such patient. The method includes collecting a waste liquid containing body fluids into a container, separating the waste liquid into a supernatant liquor and a flocculate within the container, discharging the supernatant liquor from the container, and disposing of the flocculate remaining in the container together with the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Daiken Iki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junichi Ohira, Junichi Yamanaka, Satoru Toyoshima, Koichi Murayama
  • Patent number: 5938937
    Abstract: Hydrophilic cationic copolymers of acrylamide are prepared as dispersions in a salt media. These polymers have high molecular weights and are readily soluble by diluting in water. These polymers are useful flocculants for such applications as sludge dewatering, raw water clarification aids, emulsion breakers and waste water clarification aids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Nalco Chemical Company
    Inventors: John W. Sparapany, John R. Hurlock
  • Patent number: 5935448
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to methods and apparatus for purifying water wherein a highly dispersed, hydrophobic flocculant is produced in situ. In the preferred methods, a dispersion of a water-insoluble, metallic soap is produced in situ by the reaction of an aqueous solution of a water-soluble, multivalent metal salt with an aqueous solution of a water-soluble, alkali soap. The apparatus of the present invention includes a first mixing chamber for producing in situ an aqueous dispersion of a hydrophobic flocculant. The apparatus further includes a second mixing chamber in fluid communication with the first chamber and a flocculation/separation basin. The hydrophobic flocculant is evenly dispersing within the contaminated water by introduction into the second chamber through a high pressure pump and sparger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Inventor: Jorge Miller
  • Patent number: 5914040
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the purification of a medium containing organic waste. The process according to the present invention is characterized in that the starting medium (or effluent) containing the organic waste is subjected to the following stages: (i) treatment with at least one oxidizing agent; (ii) treatment with at least one flocculating agent; (iii) treatment with at least one polyelectrolyte, and in that the effluent obtained on conclusion of all of these stages is subjected to a filtration stage (iv), whereby a filtration cake and a filtrate are obtained. The process according to the present invention is more particularly useful for the treatment of pig manure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Rhone-Poulenc Chimie
    Inventors: Yvette Pescher, Jean-Paul Raes, Sylvain Danda, Bernard Castelas, Fran.cedilla.ois Rabatel, Jose Morales, Jean Bonfill
  • Patent number: 5910251
    Abstract: A process and system for removing heavy metals, fluoride, silica and other contaminants from large volumes of wastewater is disclosed. In the process, a wastewater stream containing the contaminant is treated with a chemical coagulant to create a particle having a diameter greater than 5 microns. Treated wastewater is passed through a microfiltration membrane which physically separates the metal contaminant particle from the wastewater. Commercially available microfiltration membranes having a pore size from 0.5 micron to 5 microns may be used. The treated wastewater flow rate through the microfiltration membranes can range from 700 gallons per square foot of membrane per day ("GFD") to 1500 GFD. Solids are removed from the membrane surface by periodically backflushing the microfiltration membranes and draining the filtration vessel within which the membranes are located. The dislodged solid material within the filtration vessel is flushed into a holding tank for further processing of the solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1999
    Assignee: Microbar Incorporated
    Inventors: Stephen D. Allen, Leonard Rees Lyman
  • Patent number: 5906750
    Abstract: A chemical method is provided for the dewatering of biological sludge that has been digested by a thermophilic digestion process. Five versions of the chemical sludge dewatering method are presented. The primary component in the five versions is a polyquaternary amine, preferably of the di-allyl di-methyl ammonium chloride (DADMAC) variety and from the epichlorohydrin di-methyl amine (epi-DMA) variety. By the first sludge dewatering method, the polyquaternary amine is added directly, along with a polyacrylamide, to the biological sludge. By the second sludge dewatering method, the polyquaternary amine and an anionic polyacrylamide are added separately. By the third sludge dewatering method, a quaternized polyacrylamide, having the polyquaternary amine as part of its polymer chain, is produced by copolymerization of acrylamide with monomers of polyquaternary amine quaternization and is added individually to the sludge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1999
    Inventor: Richard Alan Haase
  • Patent number: 5904853
    Abstract: A process and system for removing heavy metals, fluoride, silica and other contaminants from large volumes of wastewater is disclosed. In the process, a wastewater stream containing the contaminant is treated with a chemical coagulant to create a particle having a diameter greater than 5 microns. Treated wastewater is passed through a microfiltration membrane which physically separates the metal contaminant particle from the wastewater. Commercially available microfiltration membranes having a pore size from 0.5 micron to 5 microns may be used. The treated wastewater flow rate through the microfiltration membranes can range from 700 gallons per square foot of membrane per day ("GFD") to 1500 GFD. Solids are removed from the membrane surface by periodically backflushing the microfiltration membranes and draining the filtration vessel within which the membranes are located. The dislodged solid material within the filtration vessel is flushed into a holding tank for further processing of the solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1999
    Assignee: Microbar Incorporated
    Inventors: Stephen D. Allen, Leonard Rees Lyman
  • Patent number: 5876609
    Abstract: The instant invention relates to a novel process for the hydrolysis of the by-products produced during the manufacture of methyldichlorosilanes comprising combining the by-products with an aqueous medium, optionally comprising a surfactant, at a pH range of at least about 7 and at a temperature of above about 0.degree. C. to produce a solid material in which copper and other metals are retained in a solid phase thereby resulting in a product with a high copper content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Michael Lee White, Sunita Singh Baghel, Luisito Alvarez Tolentino, Mark Kromer Barr, David Cheney DeMoulpied, William Lee Gately, Jan-Willem Goedmakers, Jeffrey David Hallen, Edward Francis Kennedy, Bang Mo Kim, Ray Walton Shade, Matthew David Butts
  • Patent number: 5876608
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of purifying contaminated degreasing liquids including (a) adding a collection polymer or polymer mixture forming two phases to the degreasing liquid; (b) mixing the collection polymer with the degreasing liquid; (c) separating the collection polymer and the degreasing liquid gravimetrically, whereby the collection polymer and the major part of the contaminants form a hydrophobic bottom phase and the degreasing agent forms a hydrophilic top phase; (d) removing the bottom phase; and (e) reusing the top phase directly or for further processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Assignee: Alfa Laval Separation AB
    Inventor: Gunnar Strom
  • Patent number: 5871648
    Abstract: A process and system for removing heavy metals, fluoride, silica and other contaminants from large volumes of wastewater is disclosed. In the process, a wastewater stream containing the contaminant is treated with a chemical coagulant to create a particle having a diameter greater than 5 microns. Treated wastewater is passed through a microfiltration membrane which physically separates the metal contaminant particle from the wastewater. Commercially available microfiltration membranes having a pore size from 0.5 micron to 5 microns may be used. The treated wastewater flow rate through the microfiltration membranes can range from 700 gallons per square foot of membrane per day ("GFD") to 1500 GFD. Solids are removed from the membrane surface by periodically backflushing the microfiltration membranes and draining the filtration vessel within which the membranes are located. The dislodged solid material within the filtration vessel is flushed into a holding tank for further processing of the solids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1999
    Assignee: Environmental Chemistries, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen D. Allen, Leonard Rees Lyman