Concentric Or Coaxial Groups Patents (Class 239/558)
  • Patent number: 4269358
    Abstract: This invention relates to a binary fluid burner device with burner units combined which functions as if it were a single large-capacity burner, in which small-capacity burner units are combined and mounted on a single burner head to form an integral burner device, and the flames from the burner units are integrated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1981
    Assignee: Kabushikikaisha Ohkawara Seisakusho
    Inventors: Shigemori Ohtani, Shoji Tanno
  • Patent number: 4265402
    Abstract: A head (12) for incorporation in a strobed liquid display is disclosed. The head comprises a housing (30) defining a chamber (38), the housing (30) having an inlet opening (39) for connection to a liquid supply, a top wall (32) having a vent (42), a bottom wall (34) having a plurality of apertures (44) spaced from and distributed about the center thereof for accommodating the outflow of liquid droplets from the chamber (38), and a sidewall (36) extending between the top and bottom walls (32, (34). The head (12) also includes a vibrating device rigidly connected to the housing (30) for imparting a periodic wobble thereto for dispensing the droplets through the apertures (44) in sequential fashion with substantially uniform spacing between successive droplets dispensed through each aperture (44), whereby the dispensed droplets substantially define a helix. A strobe liquid display system (10) incorporating the head (12) is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1981
    Inventor: Wen-Ying Tsai
  • Patent number: 4263723
    Abstract: The invention concerns the design arrangement of the cap for the inlet of fluid into the fluidization bed which is heated or cooled by the methods described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,897,546 and 3,908,284. The cap is formed by an inlet pipe closed at its upper end on which are formed two or more mutually separated chambers, while in this pipe a number of holes is drilled for the inlet of fluid into the chambers. Into these chambers a number of holes are drilled for the outlet of fluid from these chambers into the fluidized-bed. The vertical distance of the inlet holes from two neighboring chambers of the cap either equals or is smaller than one and one-half times the height of the heat exchanger situated in the particular fluidization bed formed between these two neighboring chambers of the same cap. The caps were used for the inlet of the combustion air into a fluidized-bed combustor, while the pressure drop of the lower part of the cap did not exceed 10% of the pressure drop of the upper part of the caps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1979
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1981
    Assignee: Ceskoslovenska akademie ved
    Inventors: Jaroslav Beranek, Milan Bechyne, Dobromil Pihert
  • Patent number: 4257761
    Abstract: A burner of relatively small BTU rating embodying a multiplicity of jets and particularly suited for burning pulverized coal in small air heater or furnace applications. The subject burner includes a housing having first inlet means formed at one end thereof and outlet means formed at the other end thereof. The first inlet means is connectable to a pipe means through which pulverized coal and primary air are fed from a suitable source thereof to the burner. The burner is further provided with second inlet means, the latter being formed in the burner housing so as to be located therein in close proximity to the aforesaid first inlet means. The second inlet means is connectable to a suitable source of secondary air from where secondary air is fed to the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1979
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1981
    Assignee: Combustion Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard L. Musto
  • Patent number: 4223843
    Abstract: An air distribution apparatus for delivering an oxygen-carrying gas such as air to a zone of spent catalyst in a regenerator for the purpose of combusting air with the spent catalyst in order to rejuvenate the catalyst. A header support assembly is adapted for mounting in a regenerator which receives the spent catalyst. A hollow header ring is mounted onto the header support assembly and includes a plurality of openings each having a nozzle mounted therein. Air is supplied to the header support assembly and thus to the hollow header ring at a pressure sufficiently high to effect a maximum desired pressure differential between header pressure and pressure in the zone of spent catalyst to cause maximum uniform air distribution. The nozzles mounted in the openings in the header ring decrease air velocity between nozzle inlet and nozzle outlet in order to provide for maximum uniform air distribution without destruction of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1978
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1980
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Randlow Smith, John P. MacLean, Dale Williams, Rich W. Barkley, Henry B. Jones
  • Patent number: 4203719
    Abstract: An oil burner for heating installations is provided, having a burner housing comprising a perforated evaporating tube which is equipped with a circular series of blades to impart a twisting motion to the air and a cone-shaped guiding piece to impart an injection effect to the air, and which has attached thereto and maintained at a fixed distance therefrom a perforated, disk-shaped baffle. The present burner arrangement provides for a complete and soot-free, stoichiometric combustion wherein a blue flame is generated with extremely low level of noise.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1980
    Inventor: Cary Brandt
  • Patent number: 4198255
    Abstract: The invention is a multiorifice structure and method of manufacuture. The structure comprises a plurality of triangularly shaped orifices angularly disposed with respect to a common axis. The structure is formed by fusing together concentric alternating layers of cylindrical members and parallel rods angularly disposed with respect to the axis of the cylindrical members. The fused structure is sliced generally normal to its axis to produce a plurality of multiorifice wafers or discs. The interstices between the rods and the cylindrical members form a plurality of small triangularly shaped orifices particularly well suited to use as an atomizer for an internal combustion engine fuel injector valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1980
    Assignee: The Bendix Corporation
    Inventor: Garland E. Busch
  • Patent number: 4167245
    Abstract: Spray dispensing of a metered quantity of a preferably semi-liquid product from a filled container having a fixed wall provided with at least one and preferably a plurality of generally open and unobstructed discharge passageways. A moveable wall spaced apart from the fixed wall is impacted with a moving mass to induce a pressure pulse in the product sufficient to surge a metered quantity of product less than the entire content of the container through the generally open and unobstructed discharge passageways with sufficient velocity as to break away from the passageways and the remaining product within the container for ballistic travel generally normal the fixed wall outwardly of the container. A plurality of uniform discharge passageways and a proper match of product formulation and energy input produces a generally uniformly moving cluster of generally uniformly defined and moving particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1979
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Ronald W. Kock, Theodore P. Merz, Paul K. Platt
  • Patent number: 4166834
    Abstract: An improved air injector for use in feed preparation in the primary reformer of a HABER processor for ammonia synthesis. In the HABER process, process gas is introduced at relatively high velocity downwardly in a process reactor through a vertical conduit. Along the axis of the conduit is an air supply pipe with a fixture which produces a plurality of downwardly and radially outwardly directed pipes attached to a plenum on the bottom of the air pipe. In this invention the number of circumferentially spaced pipes is doubled over the prior art and they are spaced circumferentially into rows directed outwardly at about a 45.degree. angle so as to present, more or less, a continuous plurality of streams of air which block the annular space and force the downflowing process gas to be turbulently mixed with the air and to form a pressurized mass of process gas and air, which is then forced, by the gas pressure, to flow downwardly in, more or less, a uniform manner through a volume of catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1979
    Assignee: John Zink Company
    Inventors: Robert D. Reed, Richard R. Martin
  • Patent number: 4141502
    Abstract: A pulsating water jet massage shower head comprises a shower head housing which has an interior chamber which opens outwardly. A nozzle member comprising a flat plate nozzle portion in a cylindrical fitted portion is fitted into the chamber of the housing and it is provided with a plurality of nozzle bores which extend through hollow cylindrical pin portions which extend upwardly from the interior surface of the plate portion. A cover member is arranged in the housing chamber spaced inwardly from the nozzle member and it has a segmental closing disk portion which acts to deflect water which is delivered through connecting conduits in the housing so as to cause rotation of a valve rotor positioned between the cover member and the nozzle member. The deflection and the rotation of the valve rotor produce rotating water jets through the nozzle bores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1977
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1979
    Assignee: Hans Grohe KG.
    Inventor: Klaus Grohe
  • Patent number: 4135875
    Abstract: A device for burning gaseous fuels in which the stoichiometric quantity of air for complete combustion is mixed with the fuel gas by entrainment. The fuel gas is discharged through openings arranged in a two dimensional array and the openings are so spaced from each other that the turbulent jets merge in a plane in which just the right amount of air has been entrained into the jets by turbulence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 23, 1979
    Inventor: Earle W. Ballentine
  • Patent number: 4127234
    Abstract: The invention is a multiorifice structure and method of manufacture. The structure comprises a plurality of triangularly shaped orifices angularly disposed with respect to a common axis. The structure is formed by fusing together concentric alternating layers of cylindrical members and parallel rods angularly disposed with respect to the axis of the cylindrical members. The fused structure is sliced generally normal to its axis to produce a plurality of multiorifice wafers or discs. The interstices between the rods and the cylindrical members form a plurality of small triangularly shaped orifices particularly well suited to use as an atomizer for an internal combustion engine fuel injector valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1977
    Date of Patent: November 28, 1978
    Assignee: The Bendix Corporation
    Inventor: Garland E. Busch
  • Patent number: 4116383
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for mixing fluids which pass through a plurality of fluid passageways arranged as a repeating pattern of clusters which form a geometric array are disclosed. The axes of the passageways are offset from the overall flow axis which is essentially perpendicular to the end plane of the array and each passageway is arranged in a predetermined position. The fluid flows through the passageways with a velocity having two components including a mean flow component which is parallel to the flow axis and a nonaxial component which is perpendicular to the flow axis. Although each nonaxial component for those passageways forming any given cluster acts in a direction different from the others, they interact and cooperate with each other to induce the fluid to swirl in a generally orbital fashion around the flow axis while simultaneously advancing along the flow axis downstream of the array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Bruce Virgil Johnson
  • Patent number: 4109870
    Abstract: A multiorifice structure and a method of making the multiorifice structure is disclosed herein. The structure is made by fusing a plurality of parallel rods stacked in a regular geometric pattern. The interstices between the fused rods form a plurality of small orifices of a noncircular configuration which are ideally suited for atomizing a pressurized fluid. In the preferred embodiment, the multiorifice structure is a fuel atomizer for atomizing the fuel ejected from an automotive type fuel injection valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1977
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1978
    Assignee: The Bendix Corporation
    Inventor: William G. Wolber
  • Patent number: 4097243
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon-feed distributor for injecting a hydrocarbon feed into contact with a fluidizable catalyst at conversion conditions in the lower end of the riser reactor conduit whereby wall temperatures within the conversion zone are reduced and overcracking of the hydrocarbon feed is minimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 27, 1978
    Assignee: UOP Inc.
    Inventor: David B. Bartholic
  • Patent number: 4078027
    Abstract: A water distribution system is disclosed which employs a plurality of spray nozzles arranged to induce air flow and maximize the cooling surface area of the falling water. The plurality of spray nozzles are arranged along a plurality of vertical planes and a plurality of horizontal planes.The nozzles are located on at least two sides of a central area and are adapted to spray the water to be cooled toward the central area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1974
    Date of Patent: March 7, 1978
    Assignee: Ingersoll-Rand Company
    Inventor: Tze-Ning Chen
  • Patent number: 4057190
    Abstract: A low-cost precise-metering uniform-fuel-breakup fuel injection valve comprises narrow arcuate slots etched through a thin spray disc located downstream of a metering orifice and comprises a plurality of narrow slots of length and width sufficient to break up the fuel first into thin sheets and then into small droplets of uniform diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1976
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1977
    Assignee: Bendix Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander Michael Kiwior, James Daniel Bode
  • Patent number: 4036434
    Abstract: A nozzle for use in delivering a primary fluid having solids in solution or suspended therein which gives the fluid nozzle-caking tendencies. The nozzle has a first passage through which the primary fluid passes and a second passage through which a purging fluid passes, each passage terminating at an exit orifice. The orifice of the first passage is unrestricted and the orifice of the second passage has means for distributing the purging fluid in a manner to form a low velocity fluid buffer to inhibit caking of the solids of the nozzle due to reverse flow of the primary fluid caused by a circulating action thereof immediately after leaving the exit orifice of the first passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1974
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1977
    Assignee: Aerojet-General Corporation
    Inventors: Roger E. Anderson, Emil Schmauderer, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4032300
    Abstract: An oxygen-containing gas distribution apparatus is dicslosed which can be employed in the fluidized bed regeneraton of carbon-contaminated catalysts, such as cracking catalysts.Said apparatus comprises a plurality of gas discharge nozzles affixed to at least one manifold member substantially horizontally disposed at the lower end of the regeneration chamber, said nozzles being restricted in internal cross-sectional area in their upstream portion connected to the manifold member and expanded in the internal cross-sectional area of their downstream portion such that a) the numerical ratio of the difference between the diameter of the downstream portion and the diameter of the upstream portion divided by the length of the downstream portion taken in the direction of gas flow does not exceed 0.18 and b) the ratio of the diameter of the upstream portion to its length taken in direction of gas flow does not exceed 1.67.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1977
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Wesley A. Parker, John E. Gwyn, Glenn R. McCullough
  • Patent number: 3998051
    Abstract: A sustainer-injector in which fuel core and oxidizer ring members have the lots thereof predeterminely aligned by being keyed together through an intermediate pintle member and with the oxidizer ring being adjustably mounted relative to the pintle and fuel slots. The keying is accomplished by means of machine tabs on the pintle member which engage female slots machined on the fuel core and oxidizer ring members. The oxidizer ring is adjustably mounted relative to the fuel core and pintle member by having means at one side thereof for causing the oxidizer ring to be positioned linearly relative to the pintle member and the fuel core member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 1975
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1976
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Walter E. Ziegler
  • Patent number: 3935805
    Abstract: A spreader closure of the type used to cover a ground coffee receptacle in a coffee brewing apparatus adapted to receive and distribute hot water, said spreader closure having an upper surface portion divided into channels to direct hot water from a central portion to orifices leading through the spreader closure wall whereby the hot water will be evenly distributed over the ground coffee. A special frusto-conical orifice is provided which eliminates blockage due to surface tension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1973
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1976
    Assignee: Dart Industries Inc.
    Inventor: Russell E. Ihlenfeld