Pile Type Patents (Class 338/101)
  • Patent number: 9991697
    Abstract: A surge protector includes a first and second contact connected via an energy absorbing element, such that electrical current travels from the first contact to the second contact via the energy absorbing element. The surge protector further includes a thermal spacing unit contacting the energy absorbing element and configured to be in a first physical state or a second physical state based on a temperature of the energy absorbing element. The surge protector further includes a connection unit connected to the second contact, the connection unit configured to be in a first position when the thermal spacing unit is in a first physical state and a second position when the thermal spacing unit is in a second physical state, such that the electrical current from the first contact to the second contact via the energy absorbing element is interrupted when the connection unit is in the second position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: TRANSTECTOR SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventors: Mathew Howard, Michael Dole, Randall Palmer
  • Patent number: 9355763
    Abstract: An electronic protection component comprises an outer case bounding an outer cavity therein; a varistor with a first varistor lead connected to a first varistor electrode and a second varistor lead connected to a second varistor electrode, wherein the varistor is placed in the outer cavity; a low melting point alloy wire with a first thermal fuse lead in one end and a second thermal fuse lead in the other end; wherein either the first thermal fuse lead or the second fuse lead is connected to either the first varistor electrode or the second varistor electrode therefore forming a lead junction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Inventor: Zhonghou Xu
  • Patent number: 8089336
    Abstract: Apparatus for detecting the position of the mechanical interaction is disclosed. A first fabric conducting layer (601) has electrically conducting fibers, electrically conducting tracks (602, 603) and terminals (604) connectable to a circuit. A second fabric layer (605) has conducting fibers and insulating fibers. A third separating layer (608) is constructed from an insulator with openings to allow conduction to occur. A forth fabric conducting layer (609) also has electrically conducting fibers, electrically conducting tracks (610, 611) and terminals connectable to a circuit. The second fabric (605) is a knitted fabric having a substantially smooth back (606) and an irregular front (607). The knitted fabric is positioned such that the irregular surface is in contact with the first conducting layer and the smooth surface is in contact with the separating layer (608).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Peratech Limited
    Inventor: John Burkitt
  • Patent number: 7378608
    Abstract: The present invention provides a stretchable fabric that may serve as a switch device or coupling to an electronic device and a power source by merely stretching or pusing the fabric. The stretchable fabrics may be usable in a wearable garment, furniture, or other suitable locations where it can be incorporated to close a circuit. Through a releasable stretching or pushing action by the user, electrically conductive strips integrated in the fabrics come in contact to activate related ancillary equipment such as power supplies or electronic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2008
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
    Inventors: George Marmaropoulos, Giang Truong Vu, Katherine Pulford
  • Patent number: 7161084
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a detector constructed from electrically conducting fabric and configured to present a varying electrical characteristic in response to a mechanical interaction. The detector comprises a first conducting layer (401) which is displaced from a second conducting layer (402) such that conduction between the layers results when the layers are mechanically forced together. In addition, the first of the layers has a plurality of lengths of conductive yarn and a plurality of lengths of non-conductive yarn machined therein, such that at least one length of conductive yarn is electrically isolated from another of the lengths of conductive yarn and the conducting yarns in the first of the layers are electrically grouped to define a plurality of identifiable rows. Each identifiable row has a respective electrical conductor; and define specific regions of the detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2007
    Assignee: Electrotextiles Company Limited
    Inventor: David L Sandbach
  • Patent number: 6967561
    Abstract: A current control device is described wherein a pressure conduction composite is compressed and decompressed to alter its conductivity and thereby current conduction through the device. The pressure conduction composite is composed of a nonconductive matrix, a conductive filler, and an additive. The invention consists of electrodes, a nonconducting isolator, and pressure plates contacting the composite. Electrically activated actuators apply a force onto pressures plates. Each actuator is a piezoelectric, piezoceramic, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, or piezo-controlled pneumatic element, capable of extending and/or contracting thereby altering pressure and consequently resistivity within the composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2005
    Assignee: QorTek, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Bower, Gareth Knowles
  • Patent number: 6943660
    Abstract: A current control device is described wherein a pressure conduction composite is compressed and decompressed to alter its conductivity and thereby current conduction through the device. The pressure conduction composite is composed of a nonconductive matrix, a conductive filler, and an additive. The invention consists of electrodes and pressure plates contacting the composite. Electrically activated actuators apply a force onto pressures plates. Actuators are composed of a piezoelectric, piezoceramic, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, and shape memory alloy materials, capable of extending and/or contracting thereby altering pressure and consequently resistivity within the composite. Two or more current control devices are electrically coupled parallel to increase power handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2005
    Assignee: QorTek, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Bower, Gareth Knowles
  • Patent number: 6867681
    Abstract: A current control device is described wherein a pressure conduction composite is compressed and decompressed to alter its conductivity and thereby current conduction through the device. The pressure conduction composite is composed of a nonconductive matrix, a conductive filler, and an additive. The invention consists of electrodes and pressure plates contacting the composite. Electrically activated actuators apply a force onto pressures plates. Actuators are composed of a piezoelectric, piezoceramic, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, and shape memory materials, capable of extending and/or contracting thereby altering pressure and consequently resistivity within the composite. In an alternate embodiment, two or more current control devices are electrically coupled parallel to increase power handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2005
    Assignee: QorTek, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Bower, Gareth Knowles
  • Patent number: 6798331
    Abstract: A current control device is described wherein a pressure conduction composite is compressed and decompressed to alter its conductivity and thereby current conduction through the device. The pressure conduction composite is composed of a nonconductive matrix, a conductive filler, and an additive. The invention consists of electrodes, a nonconducting isolator, and pressure plates contacting the composite. Electrically activated actuators apply a force onto pressures plates. Actuators are composed of a piezoelectric, piezoceramic, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, and shape memory alloy materials, capable of extending and/or contracting thereby altering pressure and consequently resistivity within the composite. In an alternate embodiment, two or more current control devices are electrically coupled parallel to increase power handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: QorTek, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Bower, Gareth Knowles
  • Patent number: 6798332
    Abstract: A current control device is described wherein a pressure conduction composite is compressed and decompressed to alter its conductivity and thereby current conduction through the device. The pressure conduction composite is composed of a nonconductive matrix, a conductive filler, and an additive. The invention consists of electrodes and pressure plates contacting the composite. Electrically activated actuators apply a force onto pressures plates. Actuators are composed of a piezoelectric, piezoceramic, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, and shape memory alloy materials, capable of extending and/or contracting thereby altering pressure and consequently resistivity within the composite. In an alternate embodiment, two or more current control devices are electrically coupled parallel to increase power handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: QorTek, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Bower, Gareth Knowles
  • Patent number: 6794983
    Abstract: A current control device is described wherein a pressure conduction composite is compressed and decompressed to alter its conductivity and thereby current conduction through the device. The pressure conduction composite is composed of a nonconductive matrix, a conductive filler, and an additive. The invention consists of electrodes, a nonconducting isolator, and pressure plates contacting the composite. Electrically activated actuators apply a force onto pressures plates. Actuators are composed of a piezoelectric, piezoceramic, electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, and shape memory alloy materials, capable of extending and/or contracting thereby altering pressure and consequently resistivity within the composite. In an alternate embodiment, two or more current control devices are electrically coupled parallel to increase power handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: QorTek, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Bower, Gareth Knowles
  • Patent number: 6714117
    Abstract: A position sensor is arranged to detect the position of a mechanical interaction, such as the application of manual pressure. A first fabric layer has electrically conductive fibers machined therein to provide a first conductive outer layer allowing conduction in all directions along the layer. A second fabric layer has electrically conductive fibers machined therein to provide a second conductive outer layer allowing conduction in all directions along the layer. A central layer is disposed between the first outer layer and the second outer layer. The central layer includes conductive elements. A first insulating separating element is disposed between the first conductive outer layer and the conducting elements. A second insulating separating element is disposed between the second conductive outer layer and the conducting elements. The conducting elements provide a conductive path between the first conducting outer layer and the second conducting outer layer at the position of a mechanical interaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: Eleksen Limited
    Inventor: David L. Sandbach
  • Patent number: 6531951
    Abstract: The invention concerns a force sensor (10) comprising a first electrode (22) and a second electrode (24) made of conductive material, which are arranged spaced from each other on a first insulating support (12). The invention is characterized in that a contact element (26) is conductive material is placed opposite the two electrodes and some distance therefrom, said contact element t(26) being pressed against said electrodes (22, 24) when a force is exerted on the pressure sensor (10) and at least one of the electrodes (22, 24) is coated with a pressure sensitive material layer (28, 30).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2003
    Assignee: I.E.E. International Electronics & Engineering S.a.r.l.
    Inventors: Bogdan Serban, Aloyse Schoos, Emmanuel Huegens
  • Patent number: 6452479
    Abstract: A position sensor is arranged to detect the position of a mechanical interaction, such as the application of manual pressure. A first fabric layer has electrically conductive fibers machined therein to provide a first conductive outer layer allowing conduction in all directions along the layer. A second fabric layer has electrically conductive fibers machined therein to provide a second conductive outer layer allowing conduction in all directions along the layer. A central layer is disposed between the first outer layer and the second outer layer. The central layer includes conductive elements. A first insulating separating element is disposed between the first conductive outer layer and the conducting elements. A second insulating separating element is disposed between the second conductive outer layer and the conducting elements. The conducting elements provide a conductive path between the first conducting outer layer and the second conducting outer layer at the position of a mechanical interaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Eleksen Limited
    Inventor: David L. Sandbach
  • Patent number: 6373373
    Abstract: Disclosed is an electronic pressure-sensitive device which has a long service life and which is capable of detecting with high accuracy loads of various magnitudes including values in proximity to zero. In the electronic pressure-sensitive device, first and second resistive element layers 2b and 6b are formed on the outermost surfaces of first and second contact portions 2 and 6, and the first and second resistive element layers 2b and 6b are constantly maintained in an electrical contact state, the force bringing the first and second resistive element layers 2b and 6b into press contact with each other being detected as the electrical resistance between the first and second contact portions 2 and 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Mitsuru Saito
  • Patent number: 6323751
    Abstract: A current limiter device comprises at least two electrodes; an interlocked-array electrically conductive composite material disposed between the electrodes; interfaces disposed between the electrodes; an inhomogeneous distribution of resistance at the interfaces whereby, during a high current event, adiabatic resistive heating at the interfaces causes rapid thermal expansion and vaporization and physical separation at the interfaces; and means for exerting compressive pressure on the electrically conducting composite material. The interlocked-array electrically conductive composite material comprises an interlocked-array of spaced apart discrete regions of at least one insulating flexible material and at least one electrically conductive composite material. A method for forming the interlocked-array electrically conductive composite material structure is also set forth by the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2001
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Anil Raj Duggal, Minyoung Lee, Lionel Monty Levinson
  • Patent number: 6211770
    Abstract: A metal oxide varistor module, and variations thereof for use in surge protectors and the like combining internally a thermally activated disconnect means and an excessive current disconnect means, such that when the module is subject to excessive overvoltage or overcurrent conditions, the connection is interrupted from the phase to neutral, phase to ground and any other combination of voltage or current before the metal oxide varistor device is physically damaged, ruptured or cracked.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: MCG Electronics, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Coyle
  • Patent number: 6121870
    Abstract: Pressure sensitive layers are disposed on respective resin films through electrodes to face each other, and include high conductivity flaky carbon particles and low conductivity amorphous-based carbon particles. The two kinds of carbon particles are bound together by a resin-system binder. Accordingly, when a pushing force is applied to the resin films, an average distance between the carbon particles is decreased to cause a tunnel conduction phenomenon, resulting in a decrease in conductive resistance between the electrodes. As a result, a pressure sensing property can be made gentle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignees: Denso Corporation, Hokuriku Electric Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Ariga, Masayasu Teraoka, Yoshimitsu Motoki, Ichiro Ishiyama
  • Patent number: 5990778
    Abstract: The current-limiting resistor has two connection electrodes (1, 2) which are arranged parallel to one another, a resistance body (3) which has PTC behavior and with which large-area contact is made by the connection electrodes (1, 2) and at least one varistor (4) which is in electrically conductive contact with the resistance body (3). The varistor (4) is of pillar-shaped design and has at least two first portions (4a) routed predominantly perpendicularly to the varistor axis and, arranged between said portions, a second portion (4b) having a reduced cross section compared with each of the first portions (4a). The material of the resistance body (3) fills an interspace (6), which is formed by the at least two first portions (4a) and the second portion (4b), and encloses the outwardly pointing edges (4c) of the at least two portions.This resistor can be operated at high voltages, for example 5 or 10 kV, and advantageously has a single resistance body 3 and a single varistor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1999
    Assignee: ABB Research Ltd.
    Inventors: Ralf Strumpler, Jan H. W. Kuhlefelt
  • Patent number: 5942968
    Abstract: The overvoltage suppressor contains two connecting fittings (1, 2), which are spaced apart from one another along an axis (z) and between which at least one cylindrical varistor element (8) is arranged. The connecting fittings (1, 2) and the at least one varistor element (8) are braced with respect to one another, forming a contact force, to form a mechanically robust active part of the overvoltage suppressor. The active part is sheathed by a molded housing made of insulating material. In each case one material cutout is formed in each of the two connecting fittings (1, 2) with a section (15, 16) which runs essentially transversely with respect to the axis (z), is designed in the form of a slot and extends from the outer surface of the fitting (1, 2) to beyond the axis (z).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Assignee: Asea Brown Boveri AG
    Inventor: Walter Schmidt
  • Patent number: 4613822
    Abstract: An adjustable electrical load bank which comprises an upper and lower horizontal, electrically conducting plates mounted parallel to each other on a frame and both electrically insulated from this frame. The lower plate is fixedly mounted on the frame while the upper plate is movably connected thereto through four spring devices. Three vertical piles of disk-shaped carbon elements are disposed between the two horizontal plates and each have an electrical resistance between their respective upper and lower ends which varies with pressure applied thereon. An upper and lower pistons separated by an helicoidal spring are disposed in a vertical cylinder mounted on the frame. The upper piston is associated with a manually operated cam while the lower piston is fixedly connected to the upper plate. Upon operation of the cam, the helicoidal spring produces a force acting against a force generated by the four spring devices for applying pressure on the piles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1983
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1986
    Inventor: Donald Reid