Seismic Or Geological Sample Measuring Patents (Class 382/109)
  • Patent number: 7764810
    Abstract: A geospatial modeling system may include a geospatial model database and a processor. The processor may cooperate with the geospatial model database for inpainting data into at least one void in geospatial model terrain data based upon propagating contour data from outside the at least one void into the at least one void.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2010
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Rahmes, Anthony O'Neil Smith, Josef Allen, Adrian M. Peter, Harlan Yates
  • Publication number: 20100183198
    Abstract: Reflected-transmitted non-converted and converted seismic waves as used for seismic imaging which is not limited by the angle of inclination of the seismic interfaces. These wave signals are recorded at the surface and are later used to obtain seismic imaging of geological discontinuities and the physical properties of the medium. Known duplex waves are used with transmitted waves for obtaining seismic images from much wider angles, ranging from horizontal to vertical. Two types of migration procedures are used: the first one being based on migration of transmitted compressional and converted duplex waves, and the second one being based on the joint migration of two interrelated fields, such as interferometric principles; for example, the first field of primary waves corresponding to the one time reflected monotypic compressional (non-converted) type of waves and a second wavefield corresponding to secondary waves of more complex origin, such as reflected waves and converted waves.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2008
    Publication date: July 22, 2010
    Inventors: Naum Marmal Yevskyy, Zynoviy Gornyak, Alexander Kostyukevch, Yuri Roganov, Victor Mershchiy
  • Patent number: 7760913
    Abstract: A geospatial modeling system may include a geospatial model database and a processor. More particularly, the processor may cooperate with the geospatial model database for inpainting data into at least one void in geospatial model frequency domain data based upon propagating contour data from outside the at least one void into the at least one void, and for converting the geospatial model frequency domain data after inpainting into geospatial model spatial domain data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Rahmes, Anthony O'Neil Smith, Josef Allen, Adrian M. Peter, Emile Ganthier, Edward Beadle
  • Patent number: 7734064
    Abstract: Provided is a method and apparatus for classifying geological materials using image processing techniques. The method and apparatus classify geological materials including stones, rock samples, and rock surfaces according to type and state by sequentially applying image processing techniques, such as a color space analysis, a granulometry analysis, texture parameter extraction and texture statistics extraction, to digital images of the geological materials. Since the method and apparatus extract quantitative figures that represent an entire image region by applying various image processing techniques, such as the color space analysis, the granulometry, the texture parameter extraction and the texture statistics extraction, to the digital images of the geological materials, the geological materials can be classified, which is not possible using a conventional image processing technique.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
    Inventors: Yoon Seop Chang, Kyung Ok Kim, Sung Woong Shin
  • Publication number: 20100135536
    Abstract: A method for estimating permeability properties of a porous material from a sample thereof includes making a three dimensional tomographic image of the sample of the material. The image is segmented into pixels each representing pore space or rock grains. The image is divided into sub-volumes. A porosity is estimated for each sub-volume. The components of a permeability tensor are determined by conducting simulations. Principal permeability values and directions are then calculated. The permeability properties are stored in a computer or displayed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2008
    Publication date: June 3, 2010
    Inventors: Jack Dvorkin, Naum Derzhi, Meghan Armbruster, Qian Fang, Zbigniew Wojcik
  • Patent number: 7729561
    Abstract: A method for examining images on a computer display comprising the steps of: a) defining a geographic area of interest for a plurality of images; b) selecting a set of images from the plurality of images within the geographic area of interest for display; c) ordering the set of images according to their acquisition date and/or acquisition time; d) examining the set of images across a spatial domain; and e) examining the set of images across one or more time domains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: ITT Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventors: John T. Boland, Mark D. LeFebvre
  • Publication number: 20100128933
    Abstract: A method for estimating a petrophysical parameter from a rock sample includes making a three dimensional tomographic image of the sample of the material. The image is segmented into pixels each representing pore space or rock grain. Porosity of the sample is determined from the segmented image. An image of at least one fracture is introduced into the segmented image to generate a fractured image. The porosity of the fractured image is determined. At least one petrophysical parameter related to the pore-space geometry is estimated from the fractured image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2008
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Inventors: Naum Derzhi, Jack Dvorkin, Qian Fang, Zbigniew Wojcik
  • Publication number: 20100128932
    Abstract: A method for estimating a relationship between physical properties of a porous material from a sample thereof includes making a three dimensional tomographic image of the sample of the material. The image is segmented into pixels each representing pore space or rock grains. The image is divided into sub-volumes. A porosity is estimated for each sub-volume. At least one petrophysical parameter is modeled from the image of each sub-volume. A relationship between the porosity and the at least one modeled petrophysical parameter is determined by, e.g., a best-fit statistical method. The relationship and the modeled petrophysical parameter for each sub-volume are stored in a computer or displayed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2008
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Inventors: Jack Dvorkin, Naum Derzhi, Meghan Armbruster, Qian Fang, Zbigniew Wojcik
  • Publication number: 20100119118
    Abstract: Described herein are implementations of various technologies for a method for mapping glacial geomorphology. A satellite image of an area of interest may be received. A digital elevation model of the area of interest may be received. Plains and ridges may be identified on the digital elevation model. Swamps and forest may be identified on the satellite image. A glaciological map may be generated having glacial features based on the identified plains, ridges, swamps and forest.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2008
    Publication date: May 13, 2010
    Inventor: Andreas Laake
  • Publication number: 20100086180
    Abstract: In accordance with one embodiment, a method of locating mineral deposits suitable for production comprises obtaining via a computer an image of an area of land, determining from the image at least one fluid-expulsion structure present on the land, designating an area proximate the fluid-expulsion structure as a mineral exploration location; while in accordance with another embodiment a method of locating a hydrocarbon reservoir suitable for production is described which comprises obtaining via a computer an image of an area of land, determining from the image at least one fluid-expulsion structure present on the land, and designating an area proximate the fluid-expulsion structure as a hydrocarbon exploration location.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2009
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Inventor: Chester A. Wallace
  • Publication number: 20100040259
    Abstract: A method for imaging a subsurface material, the method including: receiving a first image of the subsurface material and a second image of the subsurface material, the first image displaying a first property of the subsurface material and the second image displaying a second property of the subsurface material wherein the first property is different from the second property; and combining the first image and the second image to create a combined image. A system and computer program product are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2008
    Publication date: February 18, 2010
    Applicant: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Stephen A. Morris
  • Publication number: 20100027848
    Abstract: A system and method identify and display random noise in three dimensional (3-D) seismic data utilizing a 3-D operator to reduce the effects of seismic structure on noise identification. The 3-D operator is derived using statements of required performance in 3-D. The 3-D operator is applied on a pixel-by-pixel basis to each of the pixels in the 3-D post-stacked data to display images in a 3-D display or to output an estimate of noise that is substantially independent of the image structure. The resulting display is generated in colors to indicate noise amplitude to facilitate location of noisy regions in the original display.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 4, 2008
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventors: Saleh Al-Dossary, Yuchun Eugene Wang
  • Patent number: 7639842
    Abstract: A remote sensing and probabilistic sampling based forest inventory method can correlate aerial data, such as LiDAR, CIR, and/or Hyperspectral data with actual sampled and measured ground data to facilitate obtainment, e.g., prediction, of a more accurate forest inventory. The resulting inventory can represent an empirical description of the height, DBH and species of every tree within the sample area. The use of probabilistic sampling methods can greatly improve the accuracy and reliability of the forest inventory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2009
    Assignee: ImageTree Corp.
    Inventors: Olavi Kelle, Eric P. Macom, Robert Pliszka, Neeraj Mathawan, James W. Flewelling
  • Publication number: 20090304236
    Abstract: A method of deriving a digital terrain model from a digital surface model of an area of interest includes: dividing the area of interest into a plurality of area portions or patches; calculating, from the digital surface model, a set of candidate surfaces adapted to represent a ground surface in each area portion; if such set includes at least two candidate surfaces, estimating a distance from the ground surface of each candidate surface by using a function of a set of geometrical features related to the considered candidate surface, such function being derived from a known relation between a digital surface model and the height of the ground surface in a reference area; selecting, as a representation of the ground surface in each area portion, the candidate surface having the smallest distance from the ground surface, so as to obtain local digital terrain models; and merging the different digital terrain models.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 19, 2006
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Inventors: Gianluca Francini, Skjalg Lepsoy
  • Patent number: 7630517
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method is provided that automatically characterizes and verifies stationarity of a training image for use in multipoint geostatistical analysis. The stationarity is preferably characterized by statistical measures of orientation stationarity, scale stationarity, and category distribution stationarity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Piotr Mirowski, Daniel Tetzlaff, David McCormick, Nneka Williams, Claude Signer
  • Publication number: 20090288880
    Abstract: A method for estimating a physical property of a porous material from a sample of the material includes making a three dimensional tomographic image of the sample of the material, segmenting the image into pixels each representing pore space or rock grain, and estimating at least one physical property from the segmented image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2008
    Publication date: November 26, 2009
    Inventors: Zbigniew M. Wojcik, William J. Bosl, Qian Fang
  • Patent number: 7623736
    Abstract: A method for determining a translation of a three-dimensional pre-operative image data set to obtain a registration of the three-dimensional image data with a patient positioned in a projection imaging system. In one embodiment the user identifies an initial three-dimensional organ center from projections and extreme contour landmark points of the object on a set of projections. A set of contour points for the image object in each of a plurality of three-dimensional cross-section planes; is obtained and the points projecting nearest to the user-identified landmark points are selected. A three-dimensional grid having a predetermined number of intervals at a predetermined interval spacing centered at the user-identified organ center is defined. The three-dimensional image data contour points as centered onto each grid point are projected for evaluation and selection of the grid point leading to contour points projecting nearest to the user-identified landmark points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2009
    Assignee: Stereotaxis, Inc.
    Inventor: Raju R. Viswanathan
  • Patent number: 7616828
    Abstract: A geospatial modeling system may include a geospatial model database and a processor cooperating therewith for filtering geospatial model data. This may be done by selectively updating a target point based upon adjacent points lying along a plurality of radial line segments extending outwardly from the at least one target point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Rahmes, Harlan Yates, Stephen Connetti, Anthony O'Neil Smith
  • Patent number: 7616213
    Abstract: Systems and methods for enhancing the combined image of multiple attributes without comprising the image of either attribute. The combined image of the multiple attributes is enhanced for analyzing a predetermined property revealed by the attributes. The combined image can be interactively manipulated to display each attribute relative to an imaginary light source or highlighted using a specular component. The systems and methods are best described as particularly useful for analytical, diagnostic and interpretive purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: Landmark Graphics Corporation, a Halliburton Company
    Inventor: Christopher John Chuter
  • Publication number: 20090256412
    Abstract: A method of mining comprising: using a vehicle fitted with scanning module to scan a bench face of a mine bench for both geometric and geological information; making ore grade assessments of material at the bench face from the information provided by the bench face scan; removing material from the bench; and transporting removed material for processing. At least one of said removing, transporting, and processing is performed at least partially dependent on the ore grade assessments.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2009
    Publication date: October 15, 2009
    Inventors: Juan NIETO, Hugh Duscant-Whyte, Allan Blair
  • Publication number: 20090245588
    Abstract: An image (100) of particulate material, such as an X-ray image of coal, is captured and processed to determine a parameter of the material, such as particle density or particle size distribution. The performance or efficiency of a processing system, such as a dense medium separator, can be evaluated by determining parameters of the material before entry to and after exit from the processing system. The parameter is determined by comparing image characteristics (relating to statistical features), to a predetermined set of image characteristics. If the image (100) is obtained by transmission of radiation through the material, accuracy can be improved by measuring the thickness of the material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Publication date: October 1, 2009
    Inventors: Andrew Vince, Bruce Andrew Firth, Shenggen Hu
  • Publication number: 20090238413
    Abstract: A method for quantifying metal colloidal particles carrying to-be-detected analytes, includes producing an inspection sample by developing solution containing the metal colloidal particles on a substrate, generating a plurality of image data about an identical visual field by enlarging and capturing the sample, removing a signal component derived from an impurity existing on the substrate from the image data by comparing the plurality of image data, and measuring the metal colloidal particles from the image data from which the signal component derived from the impurity was removed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2009
    Publication date: September 24, 2009
    Inventors: Naru IKEDA, Hiroshi Kubota, Yuki Kudo
  • Patent number: 7555143
    Abstract: A method of performing real-time geo-registration of high-resolution digital imagery using existing graphics processing units (GPUs) already found in current personal computers, rather than the main central processing unit (CPU). Digital image data captured by a camera (along with inertial navigation system (INS) data associated with the image data) is transferred to and processed by the GPU to perform the calculations involved in transforming the captured image into a geo-rectified, nadir-looking image. By using the GPU, the order-of-magnitude increase in throughput over conventional software techniques makes real-time geo-registration possible without the significant cost of custom hardware solutions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Laurence M. Flath, Michael W. Kartz
  • Publication number: 20090141943
    Abstract: A method, system and computer program product for analyzing a borehole drilled in a reservoir are disclosed. A method may include: providing a real borehole image; providing a predicted borehole failure image generated based on an earth formation model; edge detecting the real borehole image to generate an edge detected real borehole image; extracting sub-images from the edge detected real borehole image, each sub-image including an image feature of the edge detected real borehole image oriented in a spatial direction different than that of at least one other sub-image; matching each sub-image to the predicted borehole failure image to determine a matching sub-image; and comparing the predicted borehole failure image with the matching sub-image to determine an accuracy of the predicted borehole failure image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2007
    Publication date: June 4, 2009
    Applicant: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Heng Liu
  • Patent number: 7534995
    Abstract: A probe for inspecting an anchor borehole has a video head provided with a color CCD sensor, a lens, a conical viewing window, and light-emitting diode for illuminating and optically scanning a borehole surface. The probe also has a travel sensor, an electronics module including two position sensors, a memory module, and a battery section carrying an infrared interface. The probe is cableless and autarchic. The battery section is secured to a leading end of a push rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: Deutsche Montan Technologie GmbH
    Inventors: Stephan Peters, Sönke Rapp, Eiko Räkers
  • Publication number: 20090110242
    Abstract: A novel database and method of classifying and searchably retrieving measurement data derived from a plurality of rock core and plug sample images that are analyzed to define their principal geostatistical attributes and characteristics, with the resulting analytical data being retrievably stored in a database, the method including calculating spatial variability of images, such as CT scan images, porosity images and other types of available images, quantifying the main image characteristics utilizing multi-azimuth variograms and simplified pattern recognition based on the histogram and variography analysis to thereby provide a means to correlate data from various geographical regions or fields by analyzing data which has the same variographic parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Inventors: Mustafa Touati, Shameem Siddiqui, Taha Mostafa Okasha
  • Publication number: 20090080705
    Abstract: The invention is provides a method of logging rock core. A digital photograph of core from a borehole is taken and the image is first processed. This involves calibration and correction, or un-distortion, of the digital image. A reference frame is included in the photograph to facilitate processing. The two-dimensional image is then used as a virtual three-dimensional model of the core enabling length and angle measurements to be logged. These include linear rock interval measurements as well as angular measurements of geological structures. The method is implemented using a software program which enables suitable hardware. The software program will be provided on a suitable computer readable medium. Manually logged data of the same kind is imported for comparison to data logged using the software program. All of this data can be displayed on the image and incrementally on a Stereonet as it is logged.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2007
    Publication date: March 26, 2009
    Applicant: GROUND MODELLING TECHNOLOGIES LTD.
    Inventor: John Lisle Orpen
  • Publication number: 20090055097
    Abstract: A method of analyzing characteristics of a subterranean formation includes transmitting a signal at least partially into a material of the subterranean formation such that the signal is transformed in a manner indicative of a characteristic of the material, receiving the transformed signal from the material, converting the transformed signal into image data indicative of the characteristic of the material, applying a first set of machine executable rules to the image data to produce segmented image data, wherein portions of the image that are sufficiently related according to the applied rules are grouped into segments, and analyzing, according to a second set of machine executable rules, the segmented image data to produce a geological profile of the subterranean formation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2007
    Publication date: February 26, 2009
    Inventors: William Stephen Kowalik, William Charles Corea, William Harrison Crane, William John Schweller
  • Patent number: 7484096
    Abstract: Architecture that facilitates validation of a data mapping of data from a data source to a data target. There is included a signature generation component that generates a source signature of all or a portion of the data source and a target signature of all or a corresponding portion of the data target, and a sampling component that obtains a sample of the source data a corresponding sample of the target data. The data signatures and data samples are compared respectively and processed with a processing component to determine the status of the validation process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Assignee: Microsoft Corporation
    Inventors: Neeraj Garg, Cale D. Carter, Kulothungan Rajasekaran, Deuane J. Martin, Pankaj K. Singh
  • Publication number: 20080273759
    Abstract: A geospatial modeling system may include a geospatial model database and a processor. The processor may cooperate with the geospatial model database for inpainting data into at least one void in geospatial model terrain data based upon propagating contour data from outside the at least one void into the at least one void.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Publication date: November 6, 2008
    Applicant: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Rahmes, Anthony O'Neil Smith, Josef Allen, Adrian M. Peter, Harlan Yates
  • Patent number: 7440591
    Abstract: A method of identifying errors in information describing terrain features is disclosed. According to the method, a first set of data is obtained which describes an area of terrain. The first set of data has a first type of error. A second set of data is obtained which describes the area of terrain. The second set of data has a second type of error. The second type of error is characteristically different from the first type of error. A subset of the first set of data corresponding to a first portion of the area of terrain is compared with a subset of the second set of data corresponding to the first portion to identify information not present in one of the first and second sets of data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2008
    Assignee: Rockwell Collins, Inc.
    Inventor: Patrick D. McCusker
  • Publication number: 20080212841
    Abstract: The invention is a method for stratigraphic interpretation of a seismic image for determining a sedimentary history of an underground zone having application to petroleum exploration. The seismic reflectors of the image are digitized by means of an applied shape recognition technique. At least one attribute characteristic of the structure of the image in the vicinity of each reflector is calculated for a set of reflectors by means of an image analysis technique. This analysis is based on at least one analysis window whose shape is controlled by the associated reflector. Pertinent reflectors, in the sense of the stratigraphic interpretation, are selected from among this set of reflectors on the basis of this attribute. Finally, the sedimentary history of the underground zone is reconstructed from a stratigraphic interpretation of the reflectors thus selected.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2007
    Publication date: September 4, 2008
    Inventors: Jerome Gauthier, Marie-Christine Cacas, Laurent Duval
  • Publication number: 20080192987
    Abstract: Equipment and process for three-dimensional measurement of size and shape and for compositional analysis of mineral and rock particles and the like objects. A mixture of particles or objects of same or different sizes of minerals or rocks or the like are fed individually and automatically onto a conveyor belt for three-dimensional machine vision measurements using laser and two cameras and subsequently for spectroscopic measurements using visible and infrared light and are then collected at the end of the conveyor. Computer software is used to perform the measurement automatically and to calculate size, form, roundness, and preferably petrographic composition and other characteristics or properties of each individual object and the statistical distribution of relevant properties, either according to built-in measurement processes or user specific methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2005
    Publication date: August 14, 2008
    Applicant: PETRO-MODEL EHF
    Inventors: Thorgeir Helgason, Jason Lee, Melvyn L. Smith, Agnar Thomas Moeller, Tryggvi Thorgeirsson, Vera Hofer, Juergen Pilz, Jon Atli Benediktsson
  • Publication number: 20080175478
    Abstract: The present invention is a method, system, and apparatus for visually displaying digitized information in a way that allows a human operator to detect easily patterns and characteristics within the data. A personal computer is used to extract raw data and to perform Boolean operations at the behest of a user. The manipulated information is then converted into a false-color image and displayed on an output screen. The images can be compared to known data, called a template, in order to detect one or more desired patterns that indicate desirable features. The desired pattern can then be highlighted (or illuminated) and be displayed to the operator so that the location of the desired feature may be identified.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Publication date: July 24, 2008
    Inventors: Robert Wentland, Jawad Mokhtar
  • Publication number: 20080170756
    Abstract: The invention concerns the determination of coherent events in a seismic image comprising the following operational phases: a phase of selecting a segmentation criterion based on a variable and at least one sliding window on said zone and its characteristics, a phase of hierarchical segmentation, for overlapping positions of the sliding window, including a segmentation of said zone into n regions and for each pixel located at least once by a segmentation boundary; a phase of assigning to the non-located pixels a value of indices (EI and EIC) corresponding to a numerical or alphanumeric characteristic non-value; a phase of determining coherent events of the image by thresholding the indices (EI and EIC), that is by selecting only located pixels of the zone corresponding to values lower or higher than a fixed threshold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2006
    Publication date: July 17, 2008
    Applicant: Earth Resource Management Services ERM.S
    Inventors: Serge Beucher, Etienne Decenciere, Luc Sandjivy, Cedric Magneron, Timothee Faucon
  • Patent number: 7366327
    Abstract: The system includes wheel locating equipment, image capturing equipment, lighting equipment, a first control device, first communicating installations for communications between the first control device and the image capturing equipment, and second communicating installations for communications between the first control device and the lighting equipment. The image capturing equipment and the lighting equipment are arranged above the wheel locating equipment so as to enable the image capturing equipment to capture an image of a wheel. The first communicating installations sends the image to the first control device and the first control device processes the image to obtain data for identifying a wheel model. The invention also includes the process using the described system. The main step of the process is converting a circular portion of an image into a rectangular image by a polar transformation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2008
    Assignee: Eines Informatica, S.C.V.
    Inventors: Jesús Belda Pla, Jorge Broto Ruiz
  • Publication number: 20080080614
    Abstract: Computer program products and arrangements to process digital data are contemplated. The digital data may contain values, representing quantities of a wave form over regions. Embodiments include transformations, code, state machines or other logic to process digital data by dividing one of the regions, where one of the values represents a quantity of a wave form over the region. The embodiments may include assigning a value to each of the subregions. The average of the values of the subregions, weighted by the measures of the subregions, may approximately equal the value of the region. The regions may comprise pixels and the values of the pixels may represent the intensity of light waves over the pixels. The embodiments may include the processing of digital data in cameras, televisions, audio players, seismic devices, and medical imaging devices. The subdivision of regions and the assignment of value to the subregions may utilize derivative migration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2007
    Publication date: April 3, 2008
    Inventors: Francis S. J. Munoz, Vadym P. Babich, Stephen R. Campbell
  • Publication number: 20080019571
    Abstract: A geospatial modeling system may include a geospatial model database and a processor. More particularly, the processor may cooperate with the geospatial model database for inpainting data into at least one void in geospatial model frequency domain data based upon propagating contour data from outside the at least one void into the at least one void, and for converting the geospatial model frequency domain data after inpainting into geospatial model spatial domain data.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Publication date: January 24, 2008
    Applicant: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Rahmes, Anthony O'Neil Smith, Josef Allen, Adrian M. Peter, Emile Ganthier, Edward Beadle
  • Publication number: 20080021657
    Abstract: One aspect of the present invention can include a method for detecting tsunamis that can include a step of detecting a location of a rapid water displacement event occurring in an ocean, such as an underground Earthquake. Images can be captured proximate to the event utilizing a satellite. The captured images can be analyzed to detect and/or track a tsunami.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2006
    Publication date: January 24, 2008
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Judy L. Barkal, NEIL A. KATZ
  • Publication number: 20080019603
    Abstract: A geospatial modeling system may include a geospatial model database and a processor cooperating therewith for filtering geospatial model data. This may be done by selectively updating a target point based upon adjacent points lying along a plurality of radial line segments extending outwardly from the at least one target point.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Publication date: January 24, 2008
    Applicant: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Rahmes, Harlan Yates, Stephen Connetti, Anthony O'Neil Smith
  • Publication number: 20080002858
    Abstract: A device for establishing a ground control point photogrammetry. The Device includes a signaling mechanism for providing a photographically recordable signature, and a navigation mechanism for determining absolute geographic coordinates of the signaling mechanism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Publication date: January 3, 2008
    Inventor: Menachem Devir
  • Patent number: 7308139
    Abstract: The present invention is a method, system, and apparatus for visually displaying digitized information in a way that allows a human operator to detect easily patterns and characteristics within the data. A personal computer is used to extract raw data and to perform Boolean operations at the behest of a user. The manipulated information is then converted into a false-color image and displayed on an output screen. The images can be compared to known data, called a template, in order to detect one or more desired patterns that indicate desirable features. The desired pattern can then be highlighted (or illuminated) and be displayed to the operator so that the location of the desired feature may be identified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2007
    Assignee: Chroma Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Wentland, Jawad Mokhtar
  • Patent number: 7305371
    Abstract: Swarming agents in networks of preferably physically distributed processing nodes are used for data acquisition, data fusion, and control applications. An architecture for active surveillance systems is presented in which simple mobile agents collectively process real-time data from heterogeneous sources at or near the origin of the data. System requirements are specifically matched to the needs of a surveillance system for the early detection of large-scale bioterrorist attacks on a civilian population, but the same architecture is applicable to a wide range of other domains. The pattern detection and classification processes executed by the proposed system emerge from the coordinated activities of agents of two populations in a shared computational environment. Detector agents draw each other's attention to significant spatio-temporal patterns in the observed data stream. Classifier agents rank the detected patterns according to their respective criterion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2007
    Assignee: NewVectors LLC
    Inventors: Sven Brueckner, H. Van Dyke Parunak
  • Patent number: 7298891
    Abstract: A method (300) for extracting a digital elevation model from a plurality of raw topographical points representing a plurality of frames representing a plurality of perspectives of a multi-dimensional object comprising a surface and above-surface obstructions, comprises steps or acts of: finding the surface (304) by filtering out data points produced by the above-surface obstructions to provide a plurality of surface data points representing the surface; and filtering the surface data points (306) with a competitive filter to provide a multi-dimensional surface shell of digital elevation model data points. The above-described method can also be carried out by a specialized or programmable information processing system (200) or as a set of instructions in a computer-readable medium such as a CD ROM or DVD or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2007
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: Tom McDowall, Jake Auxier, Mark Rahmes, Ray Fermo
  • Patent number: 7298376
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for enhancing the combined image of multiple attributes without compromising the image of either attribute. The combined image of the multiple attributes is enhanced for analyzing a predetermined property revealed by the attributes. The combined image can be interactively manipulated to display each attribute relative to an imaginary light source or highlighted using a specular component. The method and apparatus are best described as particularly useful for analytical, diagnostic and interpretive purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2007
    Assignee: Landmark Graphics Corporation
    Inventor: Christopher John Chuter
  • Patent number: 7286690
    Abstract: Prestack seismic data is imaged by calculating an individual reflectivity for each frequency in the seismic data. Then, a mean reflectivity is calculating over the individual reflectivities. A variance is calculated for the set of reflectivities versus frequency. A second variance is calculated for the upgoing wavefield, using the mean reflectivity. A spatially varying pre-whitening factor is then calculated, using the variance for the reflectivities and the variance for the upgoing wavefield. A reflectivity is calculated at each location, using the spatially varying pre-whitening factor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Assignee: PGS Americas, Inc.
    Inventor: Steve Michael Kelly
  • Patent number: 7251348
    Abstract: Land circle calculating means (7) calculates a land circle as an approximate circle from label information (S6). Land circle accuracy-enhancing means (8) calculates again the land circle by changing a mask angle if land circle candidate information (S7) obtained is improper, so as to enhance the accuracy of the land circle. AND operation means (11) carries out an AND operation of a land circle image (S9) and a binary image (S10) to create a land missing image (S11). In-land binary means (12) calculates an in-land defect image (S12) from an original image (S4). OR operation means (13) carries out an OR operation of the in-land missing image (S11) and the in-land defect image (S12) to create a land defect image (S13).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2007
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventors: Yukiko Hatakeyama, Masahiko Nagano
  • Patent number: 7203342
    Abstract: A method of extracting desired features from a cellular image including the steps of: (a) selecting an initial cell within the image; (b) selecting an additional cell, near the initial cell, appearing to be associated with a desired feature; (c) repeating step (b) for further cells, near at least one of the previously selected cells, appearing to be associated with said feature, until selection termination criteria are satisfied; and (d) repeating steps (a) through (c) for other initial cells. The method is particularly adept at extracting relatively weakly defined features in relatively noisy images, such as extracting faults or geologic horizons from 2D or 3D seismic data. A method of editing/filtering the features utilizing a stereo net is also disclosed. Related computer system and computer program products for implementing the method are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2007
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Stein Inge Pedersen
  • Patent number: 7187784
    Abstract: Visual inspection of an interior surface of a borehole. A housing adapted to be lowered in the borehole supports a portable camera for generating images of a portion of the interior surface of the borehole and a light source for illuminating an area adjacent the camera. A monitor receives signals from the camera and, in response thereto, displays the images generated by the camera. A viewing envelope positioned adjacent the camera defines a viewing area adjacent the camera, particularly for use in visually inspecting slurry-filled boreholes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Assignee: Florida State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Kamal Tawfiq, Edward J. Mallory, Sastry Putcha, Dan Turner
  • Patent number: 7151845
    Abstract: A geostatistical method for gradually deforming an initial distribution of objects, of geologic type for example, from measurements or observations, so as to best adapt it to imposed physical constraints of, for example, a hydrodynamic type having applications of geostatistical modelling of heterogeneous reservoirs of various objects: fracture, channels, vesicles, etc., for example. The objects are distributed in a zone of a heterogeneous medium according to a Poisson point process in form of figurative points with a point density ?(x) that varies according to their position (x) in the zone, a realization of a uniform random vector according to which the position of each object is defined while respecting density ?(x) is formed, and the uniform random vector is gradually modified according to a gradual deformation process so as to obtain gradual migration of each object until a final realization best adjusted to parameters relative to the structure of the medium, such as hydrodynamic parameters, is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventor: Lin-Ying Hu