Tantalum, Niobium, Vanadium, Or Hafnium Containing Patents (Class 420/447)
  • Patent number: 10683567
    Abstract: This spheroidal graphite or flake graphite cast-iron alloy in weight % comprises the following elements: Carbon (C) between 1.2% and 3.5%, Silicon (Si) between 1.0% or 1.2% and 3%, Nickel (Ni) between 26% and 31%, Cobalt (Co) between 15% and 20%, the remainder being Iron and inevitable impurities. Application to the production of tooling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: FERRY CAPITAIN
    Inventor: Jean-Baptiste Prunier
  • Patent number: 10633717
    Abstract: A low thermal expansion superalloy is composed of, in mass %, 0.1% or less of C, 0.1-1.0% of Si, 1.0% or less of Mn, 25-32% of Ni, more than 18% but less than 24% of Co, more than 0.25% but 1.0% or less of Al, 0.5-1.5% of Ti, more than 2.1% but less than 3.0% of Nb, 0.001-0.01% of B and 0.0005-0.01% of Mg, with the balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, while satisfying Mg/S?1, 52.9?1.235Ni+Co<55.8%, (Al+Ti+Nb) is 3.5-5.5%, and the F value is 8% or less. In the superalloy, a granular intermetallic compound containing Si, Nb, and Ni alone or in a total amount of 36 mass % or more is precipitated at a grain boundary of an austenite matrix, and an intermetallic compound including a larger concentration of Ni, Al, Ti, and Nb and having 50 nm or smaller of an average diameter is precipitated in the austenite matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: HITACHI METALS, LTD.
    Inventors: Toshihiro Uehara, Naoya Sato
  • Patent number: 10202673
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to new materials comprising Al, Co, Fe, and Ni. The new materials may realize a single phase field of a face-centered cubic (fcc) solid solution structure immediately below the solidus temperature of the material. The new materials may include at least one precipitate phase and have a solvus temperature of at least 1000° C. The new materials may include 4.4-11.4 wt. % Al, 4.9-42.2 wt. % Co, 4.6-28.9 wt. % Fe, and 44.1-86.1 wt. % Ni. In one embodiment, the precipitate is selected from the group consisting of the L12 phase, the B2 phase, and combinations thereof. The new alloys may realize improved high temperature properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: ARCONIC INC.
    Inventors: Jen Lin, Xinyan Yan
  • Patent number: 8808872
    Abstract: A germanium containing nickel-based solder having a similar composition to a nickel-based superalloy is provided. As a result of which the proportion of ?? formed in the solder is reduced. The solder also includes chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, tungsten, aluminum, and titanium. A component including the solder is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Ott, Sebastian Piegert, Peter Randelzhofer, Robert Singer
  • Publication number: 20140193291
    Abstract: A foundry method of casting monocrystalline metal parts, the method including at least casting a molten alloy into a cavity of a mold through at least one casting channel in the mold, subjecting the alloy to heat treatment, and removing the mold, and wherein the heat treatment is performed before an end of mold removal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: SNECMA
    Inventors: Celine Yanxi Chan, Benoit Georges Jocelyn Marie, David Locatelli
  • Patent number: 8734716
    Abstract: Disclosed is a novel heat-resistant superalloy for turbine disks having a chemical composition consisting of, in mass %, 19.5-55% of cobalt, 2-25% of chromium, 0.2-7% of aluminum, 3-15% of titanium and the balance of nickel and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: National Institute for Materials Science
    Inventors: Hiroshi Harada, Yuefeng Gu, Chuanyong Cui, Makoto Osawa, Akihiro Sato, Toshiharu Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8652400
    Abstract: A thermo-mechanical treatment process is disclosed. A nickel-base alloy workpiece is heated in a first heating step to a temperature greater than the M23C6 carbide solvus temperature of the nickel-base alloy. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is worked in a first working step to a reduction in area of 20% to 70%. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is at a temperature greater than the M23C6 carbide solvus temperature when the first working step begins. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is heated in a second working step to a temperature greater than 1700° F. (926° C.) and less than the M23C6 carbide solvus temperature of the nickel-base alloy. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is not permitted to cool to ambient temperature between completion of the first working step and the beginning of the second heating step. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is worked to a second reduction in area of 20% to 70%. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is at a temperature greater than 1700° F. (926° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, Christopher D. Rock
  • Publication number: 20130224068
    Abstract: A metallic coating or alloy is provided. The metallic coating includes iron, cobalt, chromium, and aluminum. Tantalum may also be included. A new addition in nickel based coating with stabilized gamma/gamma? phases at high temperatures lead to a reduction of local stresses. A component including the metallic coating or alloy is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2010
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Anand A. Kulkarni, Jonathon E. Shipper, JR., Werner Stamm
  • Patent number: 8512874
    Abstract: A coating and process for depositing the coating on a substrate. The coating is a nickel aluminide overlay coating of predominantly the beta (NiAl) and gamma-prime (Ni3Al) intermetallic phases, and is suitable for use as an environmental coating and as a bond coat for a thermal barrier coating (TBC). The coating can be formed by depositing nickel and aluminum in appropriate amounts to yield the desired beta+gamma prime phase content. Alternatively, nickel and aluminum can be deposited so that the aluminum content of the coating exceeds the appropriate amount to yield the desired beta+gamma prime phase content, after which the coating is heat treated to diffuse the excess aluminum from the coating into the substrate to yield the desired beta+gamma prime phase content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Ramgopal Darolia, Joseph David Rigney, Gillion Herman Marijnissen, Eric Richard Irma Carolus Vergeldt, Annejan Bernard Kloosterman
  • Patent number: 8512488
    Abstract: An Ni—Fe based superalloy forging material including 30 to 40 wt % of Fe, 14 to 16 wt % of Cr, 1.2 to 1.7 wt % of Ti, 1.1 to 1.5 wt % of Al, 1.9 to 2.2 wt % of Nb, 0.05 wt % or less of C and the remainder of Ni and inevitable impurities is solution-treated and aged, and thereby ?? phase (Ni3Al) having an initial mean particle size of about 50 to about 100 nm is precipitated. This superalloy is excellent in high-temperature strength and high-temperature ductility and can produce a large forged product of 10 ton or more. Therefore, this material is suitable for use as the material of a steam turbine rotor having a main steam temperature of 650° C. or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignees: Hitachi, Ltd., The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinya Imano, Hirotsugu Kawanaka, Hiroyuki Doi, Tatsuya Takahashi, Tsukasa Azuma, Koji Kajikawa
  • Patent number: 8426033
    Abstract: Provided are precipitation hardened high strength nickel based alloy welds that yield improved properties and performance in joining high strength metals. The advantageous weldments include two or more segments of ferrous or non-ferrous components, and fusion welds, friction stir welds, electron beam welds, laser beam welds, or a combination thereof bonding adjacent segments of the components together, wherein the welds comprise a precipitation hardened nickel based alloy weld metal composition including greater than or equal to 1.4 wt % of combined aluminum and titanium based on the total weight of the nickel based alloy weld metal composition. Also provided are methods for forming the welds from the nickel based alloy weld compositions, wherein the precipitation hardening occurs in the as-welded condition. The nickel based welds do not require a separate heat treatment step after welding to produce advantageous strength properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Raghavan Ayer, Neeraj Srinivas Thirumalai, Hyun-Woo Jin, Daniel B. Lillig, Douglas Paul Fairchild, Steven Jeffrey Ford
  • Patent number: 8343419
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a Ni base alloy solid wire for welding, which has excellent cracking resistance to ductility dip cracking in weld metal, can increase the tensile strength of the weld metal to not less than the tensile strength of the base material, and has excellent weldability. The present invention provides a solid wire which has a composition containing Cr: 27.0 to 31.5 mass %, Ti: 0.50 to 0.90 mass %, Nb: 0.40 to 0.70 mass %, Ta: 0.10 to 0.30 mass %, C: 0.010 to 0.030 mass %, and Fe: 5.0 to 11.0 mass %, and is regulated to Al: 0.10 mass % or less, N: 0.020 mass % or less, Zr 0.005 mass % or less, P:0.010 mass % or less, S: 0.0050 mass % or less, Si: 0.50 mass % or less, and Mn: 1.00 mass % or less, with the balance including Ni and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tetsunao Ikeda, Masaki Shimamoto, Shun Izutani, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yushi Sawada, Hirohisa Watanabe
  • Publication number: 20120308428
    Abstract: A thermo-mechanical treatment process is disclosed. A nickel-base alloy workpiece is heated in a first heating step to a temperature greater than the M23C6 carbide solvus temperature of the nickel-base alloy. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is worked in a first working step to a reduction in area of 20% to 70%. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is at a temperature greater than the M23C6 carbide solvus temperature when the first working step begins. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is heated in a second working step to a temperature greater than 1700° F. (926° C.) and less than the M23C6 carbide solvus temperature of the nickel-base alloy. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is not permitted to cool to ambient temperature between completion of the first working step and the beginning of the second heating step. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is worked to a second reduction in area of 20% to 70%. The nickel-base alloy workpiece is at a temperature greater than 1700° F. (926° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Publication date: December 6, 2012
    Applicant: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Robin M. Forbes Jones, Christopher D. Rock
  • Publication number: 20120301309
    Abstract: Dissimilar metal welds including a buttering portion with a small variation in strength distribution in a plate thickness direction are formed by welding two parent materials having at least one of different compositions and different refining conditions through a buttering for alleviating mismatch between one of the different compositions and the different refining conditions of the two members and through a welded metal for joining one of the parent materials and the buttering. The buttering is formed of welding metals laminated in a plate thickness direction, and a dilution ratio of the buttering with the parent materials is 50% or less. The manufacturing method includes performing butt welding on a dummy material formed by increasing a groove depth by providing a member on a bottom side of a welding groove and on parent materials by using the buttering; and processing a groove within a welding metal formed of the buttering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Inventors: Eiji NISHIOKA, Jun SATO, Shinya IMANO, Takeshi KUDO, Kenichi MURATA, Kazutaka HOSOKAWA, Kazuhiko ENDO
  • Patent number: 8197748
    Abstract: Disclosed is a structural alloy with oxidation resistance for electrolytic reduction equipment for treatment of spent nuclear fuel. More particularly, the present invention relates to a structural alloy with oxidation resistance for electrolytic reduction equipment for treatment of spent nuclear fuel wherein Cr, Si, Al, Nb and Ti are added to a Ni-based substrate so as to form an oxide coating film which is stable in a LiCl—Li2O molten salt and, in addition, a process thereof and use of the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventors: Jong-Hyeon Lee, Soo-Haeng Cho, Eung-Ho Kim, Seong-Won Park
  • Publication number: 20110262299
    Abstract: Provided is an Ni-based single crystal superalloy wherein the ingredients have a composition containing, as ratio by mass, from 5.0% by mass to 7.0% by mass of Al, from 4.0% by mass to 8.0% by mass of Ta, from 0% by mass to 2.0% by mass of Mo, from 3.0% by mass to 8.0% by mass of W, from 3.0% by mass to 8.0% by mass of Re, from 0% by mass to 0.50% by mass of Hf, from 3.0% by mass to 6.0% by mass of Cr, from 0% by mass to 9.9% by mass of Co, from 1.0% by mass to 14.0% by mass of Ru, and from 0.1% by mass to 4.0% by mass of Nb, with the balance of Ni and inevitable impurities. The alloy prevents TCP phase precipitation at high temperatures, therefore having improved strength at high temperatures and having oxidation resistance at high temperatures. Specifically, the invention is to provide a high-performance Ni-based single crystal superalloy having well balanced high-temperature strength and high-temperature oxidation resistance in practical use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2009
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Inventors: Hiroshi Harada, Yutaka Koizumi, Toshiharu Kobayashi, Tadaharu Yokokawa, Masao Sakamoto, Kyoko Kawagishi, Tomonori Kitashima, An-chou Yeh
  • Patent number: 8017242
    Abstract: An antireflection film is provided and includes: a transparent support; and a low refractive index layer formed by coating a composition on the transparent support. The composition contains a fluorine-containing polymer containing a fluorine-containing vinyl monomer polymerization unit and a hydroxyl group-containing vinyl monomer polymerization unit, a crosslinking agent capable of reacting with a hydroxyl group, and a salt formed from an acid and an organic base, the organic base having a pKa of a conjugate acid thereof of 5.0 to 13.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Masaki Noro, Hiroyuki Yoneyama
  • Publication number: 20110194971
    Abstract: Disclosed is a novel heat-resistant superalloy for turbine disks having a chemical composition consisting of, in mass %, 19.5-55% of cobalt, 2-25% of chromium, 0.2-7% of aluminum, 3-15% of titanium and the balance of nickel and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2011
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Inventors: Hiroshi Harada, Yuefeng Gu, Chuanyong Cui, Makoto Osawa, Akihiro Sato, Toshiharu Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 7938919
    Abstract: A heat treatment method for a nickel-based superalloy, in particular for the production of single-crystal components or directionally solidified components having a chemical composition permits full solution annealing at a temperature T1, the method comprising: partially solution annealing in a controlled manner at a temperature T2<T1 in a first step so as to obtain 5-10% of undissolved ?? phase in a residual eutectic; and performing a two-stage ageing treatment at respectively lower temperatures in a second step. As a function of the selected level of the partial solution annealing temperature, the proportion of the undissolved ?? phase can be adjusted in a controlled way, and the tolerance with respect to the disorientation of small-angle grain boundaries/grain boundaries can be increased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Alstom Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Mohamed Youssef Nazmy, Markus Staubli, Andreas Kuenzler
  • Publication number: 20110076179
    Abstract: A nickel-base superalloy composition including (measured in % by weight) from about 6.8 to about 7.5% aluminum, from about 4 to about 8% tantalum, from about 4 to about 10% chromium, from about 2 to about 7% tungsten, from 0 to about 6% rhenium, from 0 to about 5% cobalt, from 0 to about 0.2% silicon, optionally, from about 0.15 to about 0.7% hafnium, from 0 to about 0.5% titanium, from 0 to about 4% molybdenum, from 0 to about 0.005% boron, from 0 to about 0.06% carbon, from 0 to about 0.03% of a rare earth addition selected from the group consisting of yttrium, lanthanum, cesium, and combinations thereof, balance nickel and incidental impurities. The nickel-base superalloy composition may be used in single-crystal or directionally solidified superalloy articles such as high pressure turbine blades for a gas turbine engine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2009
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Inventors: Kevin Swayne O'Hara, Laura Jill Carroll
  • Publication number: 20100158695
    Abstract: A composition of matter comprises, in combination, in weight percent: a largest content of nickel; at least 16.0 percent cobalt; and at least 3.0 percent tantalum. The composition may be used in power metallurgical processes to form turbine engine turbine disks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Applicant: UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventor: Paul L. Reynolds
  • Publication number: 20100136368
    Abstract: A nickel, chromium, iron alloy and method for use in producing weld deposits and weldments formed therefrom. The alloy comprises, in weight percent, about 28.5 to 31.0% chromium; about 0 to 16% iron, preferably 7.0 to 10.5% iron, less than about 1.0% manganese, preferably 0.05 to 0.35% manganese; about 2.1 to 4.0% niobium plus tantalum, preferably 2.1 to 3.5% niobium plus tantalum, and more preferably 2.2 to 2.8% niobium plus tantalum; 0 to 7.0% molybdenum, preferably 1.0 to 6.5%, and more preferably 3.0 to 5.0% molybdenum; less than 0.50% silicon, preferably 0.05 to 0.30% silicon; 0.01 to 0.35% titanium; 0 to 0.25% aluminum; less than 1.0% copper; less than 1.0% tungsten; less than 0.5% cobalt; less than about 0.10% zirconium; less than about 0.01% sulfur; less than 0.01% boron, preferably less than 0.0015% boron, and more preferably less than 0.001% boron; less than 0.03% carbon; less than about 0.02% phosphorous; 0.002 to 0.015% magnesium plus calcium; and balance nickel and incidental impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2007
    Publication date: June 3, 2010
    Applicant: HUNTINGTON ALLOYS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Samuel D. Kiser, Brian A. Baker, David E. Waskey
  • Publication number: 20100092301
    Abstract: A component for a high-temperature steam turbine which operates at temperatures above 600° C., especially above 700° C., is formed of a nickel-based alloy. The negative influence of oxidation of the component which is induced by the superheated steam is prevented by the alloy which is used, having the following composition (in % by weight): C: ?0.2 Si: ?1.0 Mn: ?1.0 Cr: 22.0-25.0 Co: 15.0-25.0 Mo: ?3.0 Nb: ?2.0 Al: 1.0-3.0 Ti: 2.0-4.0 Fe: ?2.0 Zr: ?0.2 B: ??0.05 Ni: remainder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2008
    Publication date: April 15, 2010
    Inventor: Richard Brendon Scarlin
  • Patent number: 7662740
    Abstract: A fuel cell catalyst comprising platinum, chromium, and copper, nickel or a combination thereof. In one or more embodiments, the concentration of platinum is less than 50 atomic percent, and/or the concentration of chromium is less than 30 atomic percent, and/or the concentration of copper, nickel, or a combination thereof is at least 35 atomic percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2010
    Assignees: Symyx Technologies, Inc., Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Konstantinos Chondroudis, Alexander Gorer, Martin Devenney, Ting He, Hiroyuki Oyanagi, Daniel M. Giaquinta, Kenta Urata, Hiroichi Fukuda, Qun Fan, Peter Strasser, Keith James Cendak, Jennifer N. Cendak, legal representative
  • Publication number: 20100008790
    Abstract: A composition of matter comprises, in combination, in weight percent: a largest content of nickel; at least 16.0 percent cobalt; and at least 3.0 percent tantalum. The composition may be used in power metallurgical processes to form turbine engine turbine disks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2005
    Publication date: January 14, 2010
    Inventor: Paul L. Reynolds
  • Publication number: 20090321405
    Abstract: A nickel (Ni), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe), molybdenum (Mo), manganese (Mn), aluminum (Al), titanium (Ti), niobium (Nb), silicon (Si) welding alloy, articles made therefrom for use in producing weldments and methods for producing these weldments. The welding alloy contains in % by weight about: 23.5 to 25.5% Cr, 15 to 22% Co, up to 3% Fe, up to 1% Mo, up to 1% Mn, 1.1 to 2.0% Al, 0.8 to 1.8% Ti, 0.8 to 2.2% Nb, 0.05 to 0.28% Si, up to 0.3% Ta, up to 0.3% W, 0.005 to 0.08% C, 0.001 to 0.3% Zr, 0.0008 to 0.006% B, up to 0.05% rare earth metals, up to 0.025% Mg plus optional Ca and the balance Ni including trace additions and impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2009
    Publication date: December 31, 2009
    Applicant: HUNTINGTON ALLOYS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian A. Baker, Gaylord D. Smith, Ronald D. Gollihue
  • Publication number: 20090257908
    Abstract: A high temperature, high strength Ni—Co—Cr alloy possessing essentially fissure-free weldability for long-life service at 538° C. to 816° C. contains in % by weight about: 23.5 to 25.5% Cr, 15-22% Co, 1.1 to 2.0% Al, 1.0 to 1.8 % Ti, 0.95 to 2.2% Nb, less than 1.0% Mo, less than 1.0% Mn, less than 0.3% Si, less than 3% Fe, less than 0.3% Ta, less than 0.3% W, 0.005 to 0.08% C, 0.01 to 0.3% Zr, 0.0008 to 0.006% B, up to 0.05% rare earth metals, 0.005% to 0.025% Mg plus optional Ca and the balance Ni including trace additions and impurities. The strength and stability is assured at 760° C. when the Al/Ti ratio is constrained to between 0.95 and 1.25. Further, the sum of Al+Ti is constrained to between 2.25 and 3.0. The upper limits for Nb and Si are defined by the relationship: (% Nb+0.95)+3.32(% Si)<3.16.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2009
    Publication date: October 15, 2009
    Applicant: HUNTINGTON ALLOYS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Brian A. Baker, Gaylord D. Smith, Ronald D. Gollihue
  • Patent number: 7547188
    Abstract: A Ni-based alloy member has resistance against grain boundary fracture, fatigue strength, and oxidation resistance at temperatures near 1000° C. or higher. The Ni-based alloy member includes a non-repaired region made of a Ni-based alloy base and a region repaired by welding, which is formed on the non-repaired region and which is made of a buildup-welded layer, the buildup-welded layer being made of a Ni-based alloy containing, by weight, 15% or less of Co, 18-22% of Cr, 0.8-2.0% of Al, 5.0% or less of Ta, 0.5% or less of Mo, 0.5% or less of Ti, 13-18% of W, 0.05-0.13% of C, 0.06% or less of Zr, 0.015% or less of B, 0.4-1.2% of Mn, and 0.1-0.3% of Si, the balance of the alloy being preferably essentially made of Ni.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2009
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinya Imano, Hiroyuki Doi, Kunihiro Ichikawa, Katsumi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 7531054
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to nickel-base alloys and methods of direct aging nickel-base alloys. More specifically, certain embodiments of the present disclosure relate to methods of direct aging 718Plus® nickel-base alloy to impart improved mechanical properties, such as, but not limited to, tensile strength, yield strength, low cycle fatigue, fatigue crack growth, and creep and rupture life to the alloys. Other embodiments of the present disclosure relate to direct aged 718Plus® nickel-base alloy, and articles of manufacture made therefrom, having improved mechanical properties, such as, but not limited to, tensile strength, yield strength, low cycle fatigue, fatigue crack growth, and creep and rupture life.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2009
    Assignee: ATI Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard L. Kennedy, Wei-Di Cao
  • Patent number: 7484926
    Abstract: A steam turbine power plant which is provided with an extra-high-pressure turbine 100, a high-pressure turbine 200, an intermediate-pressure turbine 300 and a low-pressure turbine 400, and has high-temperature steam of 650° C. or more introduced into the extra-high-pressure turbine 100, wherein the extra-high-pressure turbine 100 has an outer casing cooling unit which cools an outer casing 111, and a turbine rotor 112, an inner casing 110 and a nozzle box 115 of the extra-high-pressure turbine 100 are formed of an Ni base heat-resisting alloy, and the outer casing 111 is formed of a ferrite-based alloy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2009
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Takeo Suga, Ryuichi Ishii, Takeo Takahashi, Masafumi Fukuda
  • Patent number: 7459035
    Abstract: To provide a rotor material preferable for a steam turbine of which main steam temperature is 675° C. or more, particularly exceeding 700° C., and a steam turbine plant having a rotor formed by the material, the invention provides a steam turbine plant including a very-high-pressure turbine of which steam inlet temperature is 675 to 725° C. and steam outlet temperature is 650° C. or less, a high-pressure turbine, and a medium-low-pressure turbine, wherein a rotor of the very-high-pressure turbine is formed from a forged material of NiFe-base alloy containing: 14 to 18 weight % Cr, 15 to 45 weight % Fe, 1.0 to 2.0 weight % Al, 1.0 to 1.8 weight % Ti, C and N of which the sum is 0.05 or less weight %, and Nb in the range specified by the formula: 3.5?(Fe weight %)/20<(Nb weight %)<4.5?(Fe weight %)/20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinya Imano, Hiroyuki Doi, Hirotsugu Kawanaka, Eiji Saitou
  • Publication number: 20080260570
    Abstract: Disclosed is a novel heat-resistant superalloy for turbine disks having a chemical composition consisting of, in mass %, 19.5-55% of cobalt, 2-25% of chromium, 0.2-7% of aluminum, 3-15% of titanium and the balance of nickel and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2005
    Publication date: October 23, 2008
    Inventors: Hiroshi Harada, Yuefeng Gu, Chuanyong Cui, Makoto Osawa, Akihiro Sato, Toshiharu Kobayashi
  • Publication number: 20080213099
    Abstract: An Ni—Fe based superalloy forging material including 30 to 40 wt % of Fe, 14 to 16 wt % of Cr, 1.2 to 1.7 wt % of Ti, 1.1 to 1.5 wt % of Al, 1.9 to 2.7 wt % of Nb, 0.05 wt % or less of C and the remainder of Ni and inevitable impurities is solution-treated and aged, and thereby ?? phase (Ni3Al) having an initial mean particle size of about 50 to about 100 nm is precipitated. This superalloy is excellent in high-temperature strength and high-temperature ductility and can produce a large forged product of 10 ton or more. Therefore, this material is suitable for use as the material of a steam turbine rotor having a main steam temperature of 650° C. or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2007
    Publication date: September 4, 2008
    Inventors: Shinya IMANO, Hirotsugu KAWANAKA, Hiroyuki DOI, Tatsuya TAKAHASHI, Tsukasa AZUMA, Koji KAJIKAWA
  • Patent number: 7165325
    Abstract: A welding material composition, which is a nickel based super alloy having ?? phase and chromium carbides precipitated. The composition comprising 18 to 25% by weight of Co, 15 to 20% by weight of Cr, 1.5 to 5.5% by weight of Al, 5 to 14% by weight of W, 0.05 to 0.15% by weight of C, 0 to 0.02% by weight of B, 0 to 1% by weight of at least one of Ta, Nb, Ti, Mo, Re and Fe, 0 to 0.5% by weight of at least one of V, Zr, rare earth elements and Y, 0 to 1% by weight of Mn, 0 to 0.5% by weight of Si, and the balance being Ni.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2007
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinya Imano, Hiroyuki Doi, Kunihiro Ichikawa, Hideaki Ishii
  • Patent number: 7052782
    Abstract: A high-temperature protection layer contains (% by weight) 23 to 27% Cr, 4 to 7% Al, 0.1 to 3% Si, 0.1 to 3% Ta, 0.2 to 2% Y, 0.001 to 0.01% B, 0.001 to 0.01% Mg and 0.001 to 0.01% Ca, remainder Ni and inevitable impurities. Optionally, the Al content is in a range from over 5 up to 6% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Hans-Peter Bossmann, Dietrich Eckardt, Klaus Erich Schneider, Christoph Toennes
  • Patent number: 7014723
    Abstract: Castable and weldable nickel-base alloys that exhibit a desirable balance of strength and resistance to corrosion and oxidation suitable for gas turbine engine applications. The alloy contains, by weight, about 10% to about 25% cobalt, about 20% to about 28% chromium, about 1% to about 3% tungsten, about 1.6% to about 3.8% aluminum, about 0.4% to about 1.5% titanium, where the sum of aluminum and titanium is about 1.8% to about 5.0%, about 0.5% to about 1.5% columbium, 0.5% to about 1.5% tantalum, about 0.001% to about 0.025% boron, about 0.05% maximum zirconium, about 0.02% to about 0.15% carbon, with the balance essentially nickel and incidental impurities. The alloy may more preferably contain about 2.8% to about 3.8% aluminum where the sum of aluminum and titanium is about 3.0% to about 5.0%, or about 1.6% to about 2.8% aluminum, where the sum of aluminum and titanium is about 1.8% to about 4.3%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Cyril Gerard Beck, John Herbert Wood, Stephen Daniel Graham
  • Patent number: 6974508
    Abstract: A low solvus, high refractory alloy having unusually versatile processing mechanical property capabilities for advanced disks and rotors in gas turbine engines. The nickel base superalloy has a composition consisting essentially of, in weight percent, 3.0–4.0 Al, 0.02–0.04 B, 0.02–0.05 C, 12.0–14.0 Cr, 19.0–22.0 Co, 2.0–3.5 Mo, greater than 1.0 to 2.1 Nb, 1.3 to 2.1 Ta, 3.0–4.0 Ti, 4.1 to 5.0 W, 0.03–0.06 Zr, and balance essentially Ni aid incidental impurities. The superalloy combines ease of processing with high temperature capabilities to be suitable for use in various turbine engine disk, impeller, and shaft applications. The Co and Cr levels of the superalloy can provide low solvus temperature for high processing versatility. The W, Mo, Ta, and Nb refractory element levels of the superalloy can provide sustained strength, creep, and dwell crack growth resistance at high temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Timothy P. Gabb, John Gayda, Ignacy Telesman, Pete T. Kantzos
  • Patent number: 6919042
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a metallic coating to be deposited on gas turbine engine components. The metallic coating comprises up to 18 wt % cobalt, 3.0 to 18 wt % chromium, 5.0 to 15 wt % aluminum, 0.1 to 1.0 wt % yttrium, up to 0.6 wt % hafnium, up to 0.3 wt % silicon, 3.0 to 10 wt % tantalum, up to 9.0 wt % tungsten, 1.0 to 6.0 wt % rhenium, up to 10 wt % molybdenum, and the balance nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Russell Albert Beers, Allan A. Noetzel, Abdus Khan
  • Patent number: 6860948
    Abstract: A nickel-chromium-molybdenum alloy capable of being age hardened for improved strength while maintaining high corrosion resistance contains in weight percent 19.5 to 22 chromium, 15 to 17.5 molybdenum, up to 3 iron, up to 1.5 manganese, up to 0.5 aluminum, up to 0.02 carbon, up to 0.015 boron, up to 0.5 silicon, up to 1.5 tungsten and up to 0.5 of each of hafnium, tantalum and zirconium, with a balance of nickel and impurities. Certain alloying elements must be present in amounts according to an equation here disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2005
    Assignee: Haynes International, Inc.
    Inventor: Lee M. Pike, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6818077
    Abstract: A nickel-based superalloy containing 12.0 to 16.0% by weight of Cr, 4.0 to 9.0% by weight of Co, 3.4 to 4.6% by weight of Al, 0.5 to 1.6% by weight of Nb, 0.05 to 0.16% by weight of C, 0.005 to 0.025% by weight of B, and at least one of Ti, Ta and Mo. Amounts of Ti, Ta and Mo are ones calculated by the equations (1) and (2), wherein TiEq is 4.0 to 6.0 and MoEq is 5.0 to 8.0. TiEq=Ti % by weight+0.5153×Nb % by weight+0.2647×Ta % by weight  (1) MoEq−Mo % by weight+0.5217×W % by weight+0.5303×Ta % by weight+1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Akira Yoshinari, Hideki Tamaki, Hiroyuki Doi
  • Patent number: 6797232
    Abstract: Creep-proof and corrosion-resistant nickel-based alloy for the use in high-temperature technology, comprising in wt-%: 0.0015 to 0.60 carbon (C); 0.20 to 0.90 nitrogen (N); 22.0 to 32.0 chromium (Cr); 5.0 to 20.0 elements of group 4, 5, and 6 of the periodic table, except Cr; 0.03 to 3.0 aluminum (Al); 0.4 to 3.0 silicon (Si); up to 0.15 elements of group 3 of the periodic table, except actinoids; up to 0.60 manganese (Ma); up to 14.8 iron (Fe); up to 0.01 boron (B); a maximum of 0.014 phosphorus (P); a maximum of 0.004 sulfur (S); a minimum of 51 nickel (Ni) or a combination of nickel (Ni) and cobalt (Co); and melting-related impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Bohler Edelstahl GmbH
    Inventors: Markus Speidel, Josef Bernauer
  • Publication number: 20040156738
    Abstract: A nickel alloy having an excellent corrosion resistance (hereinafter referred to as “nickel alloy”) used for pipes, structural materials and structural members, such as bolts or the like, in a nuclear power plant or in a chemical plant, and a manufacturing method for the same are provided. In the nickel alloy according to the present invention, an excellent corrosion resistance, in particular an excellent resistance against the IGSCC, is obtained by specifying the low angle boundary rate of 4% or more in the grain boundaries, along with the restriction of the chemical composition in the alloy, thereby making it possible to provide a nickel alloy which is most suitably used for pipes, structural materials and structural members, such as bolts or the like. Accordingly, the nickel alloy according to the present invention is widely applicable to structural members used in a nuclear station or in a chemical plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2003
    Publication date: August 12, 2004
    Inventor: Manabu Kanzaki
  • Patent number: 6756131
    Abstract: A high temperature corrosion resistant alloy composition comprising, in addition to Ni, 0.1 to 12% by weight of Co, 10 to 30% by weight of Cr, 4 to 15% by weight of Al, 0.1 to 5% by weight of Y, and 0.5 to 10% by weight of Re. The high temperature corrosion resistant alloy composition has an excellent oxidation resistance and ductility and is suitable for use in a bonding layer of a thermal barrier coating material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2004
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hidetaka Oguma, Ikuo Okada, Taiji Torigoe, Kouji Takahashi
  • Patent number: 6752883
    Abstract: A free-cutting Ni-base heat-resistant alloy excellent in the high-temperature strength and corrosion resistance was proposed. The alloy contains Ni as a major component, 0.01 to 0.3 wt % of C and 14 to 35 wt % of Cr, and further contains at least one element selected from Ti, Zr and Hf in a total amount of 0.1 to 6 wt %, and S in an amount of 0.015 to 0.5 wt %. The alloy has dispersed in the matrix thereof a machinability improving compound phase, where such phase contains any one of Ti, Zr and Hf as a major constituent of the metal elements, essentially contains C and either S or Se as a binding component for such metal elements. The alloy also satisfies the relations of WTi+0.53WZr+0.27WHf>2WC+0.75WS and WC>0.37WS, where WTi represents Ti content (wt %), WZr represents Zr content (wt %), WHf represents Hf content (wt %), WC represents C content (wt %) and WS represents S content (wt %).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignees: Dokuritsu Gyousei Houjin Sangyo Gijutsu Sougo Kenkyusho, Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha, Tohoku Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kiyohito Ishida, Katsunari Oikawa, Shigeki Ueta, Toshiharu Noda, Takashi Ebata
  • Patent number: 6740177
    Abstract: A castable and weldable nickel-base alloy that exhibits a desirable balance of strength and resistance to corrosion and oxidation suitable for gas turbine engine applications. A suitable composition for the alloy consists essentially of, by weight, 10% to 25% cobalt, 20% to 28% chromium, 1% to 3% tungsten, 0.5% to 1.5% aluminum, 1.5% to 2.8% titanium, 0.8% to 1.45% columbium, tantalum in an amount less than columbium and Cb+0.508Ta is 1.15% to 1.45%, 0.001% to 0.025% boron, up to 0.4% zirconium, 0.02% to 0.15% carbon, with the balance essentially nickel and incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2004
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: John Herbert Wood, Gangjigang Feng, Cyril Gerard Beck
  • Patent number: 6702906
    Abstract: A Ni-base heat resistant alloy excellent in weldability and strength at elevated temperatures and suited for use in manufacturing cracking furnace tubes and reformer furnace tubes to be used in ethylene plants as well as a welded joint therefor is provided. The alloy of the invention is a Ni-base heat-resistant alloy, which comprises C: not more than 0.1%, Si: not more than 2%, Mn: not more than 2%, P: not more than 0.025%, S: not more than 0.005%, N: not more than 0.04%, Cr: 10 to 30%, Al: 2.1 to less than 4.5%, and Mo: 2.5 to 15% or W: 2.5 to 9% or Mo and W: 2.5 to 15% in total, and satisfies the relation (1) given below: (104Si+1980P+1980S+9Al+15Ti+11Nb+1.8W+11600B)≦{1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2004
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Ogawa, Kazuyuki Kitamura, Hirokazu Okada, Yoshitaka Nishiyama
  • Patent number: 6696176
    Abstract: A fusion weldable superalloy containing 0.005-0.5 wt. % scandium. In one embodiment, the superalloy may have a composition similar to IN-939 alloy, but having added scandium and having only 0.005-0.040 wt. % zirconium. A gas turbine component may be formed by an investment casting of such a scandium-containing superalloy, and may include a fusion weld repaired area. A scandium-containing nickel-based superalloy coated with an MCrAlY bond coat will have improved cyclic oxidation resistance due to the sulfur-gettering effect of the scandium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation
    Inventors: David B. Allen, Gregg P. Wagner, Brij B. Seth
  • Patent number: 6544668
    Abstract: Nickel aluminum alloys are welded utilizing a nickel based alloy containing zirconium but substantially free of titanium and niobium which reduces the tendency to crack.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2003
    Assignee: U. T. Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: Michael L. Santella, Jeffrey D. McNabb, Vinod K. Sikka
  • Patent number: 6475642
    Abstract: An oxidation-resistant coating is described, formed of an alloy containing: about 40 to about 50 atom % aluminum and about 0.5 atom % to about 3 atom % tantalum; with a balance of nickel; cobalt, iron, or combinations thereof. The coating may also include chromium and a precious metal, as well as other components, such as zirconium or molybdenum. A method for applying the oxidation-resistant coating to a substrate is also described. The substrate can be formed of superalloy material, e.g., a turbine engine component. Related articles are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Ji-Cheng Zhao, Melvin Robert Jackson, Ramgopal Darolia
  • Patent number: H2245
    Abstract: A precipitation hardenable nickel base alloy that provides a novel combination of elevated temperature strength, ductility, and reduced notch sensitivity at temperatures up to about 1300° F. is described. The alloy contains, in weight percent, about Carbon 0.10 max. Manganese 0.35 max. Silicon 0.2-0.7 Phosphorus 0.03 max. Sulfur 0.015 max. Chromium 12-20 Molybdenum 4 max. Tungsten 6 max. Cobalt 5-12 Iron 14 max. Titanium 0.4-1.4 Aluminum 0.6-2.6 Niobium 3-7 Boron 0.003-0.015 the balance being nickel and usual impurities. An article made from the alloy and a method of making the alloy are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: CRS Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Karl A. Heck, Richard B. Frank