Gloss Control (e.g., Light Scattering, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/494)
  • Patent number: 9931831
    Abstract: A web printing apparatus includes a transfer device which transfers highly reactive ink/varnish onto a web, and a fixing device which fixes, on the web, the highly reactive ink/varnish transferred by the transfer device. The fixing device includes only a light irradiation device which irradiates the web with light in the wavelength range, in which no ozone is generated, to cure the highly reactive ink/varnish on the web without thermal drying of the web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: KOMORI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Akira Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 9656298
    Abstract: A flexible tubular member includes a flexible tubular polymeric substrate, and a coating disposed on an outer surface of the tubular substrate. The coating includes a base layer disposed on an outer surface of the tubular substrate, and a topcoat layer disposed over the base layer. The base layer includes a radiation cured cross-linked acrylate polymer. The topcoat layer includes a radiation cured cross-linked polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: UPONOR INNOVATION AB
    Inventors: Jan S. Ericsson, Luke J. Brickweg
  • Patent number: 9511453
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a solder paste composition, a solder paste and a soldering flux. The soldering flux comprises a resin, a thixotropic agent, an activator, a solvent as well as a long-chain thiol and/or an organic chelating agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Huiying Yang, Daoqiang Lu
  • Patent number: 9447224
    Abstract: A process of producing a urethane (meth)acrylate monomer having a low acid value and a low content of a hardly soluble high-molecular weight impurity which is crosslinked high-dimensionally, comprising the steps of: (1) contacting a first solution containing a urethane (meth)acrylate monomer having an acid value of more than 0.2 mgKOH/g and an organic solvent to a water-containing adsorbent capable of adsorbing an acid component to obtain a second solution containing a urethane (meth)acrylate monomer having an acid value of not more than 0.2 mgKOH/g, the organic solvent and more than 5,000 ppm (mass) of water based on the urethane (meth)acrylate monomer; (2) contacting the second solution to a dehydrating agent to obtain a third solution containing not more than 5,000 ppm (mass) of water based on the urethane (meth)acrylate monomer; and (3) removing the organic solvent from the third solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: TOKUYAMA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinobu Izumi, Mitsuyoshi Sando, Junji Takenaka, Junji Momoda
  • Patent number: 8883255
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a resin-coated metal pigment comprising 100 parts by weight of a metal pigment and 0.1 to 50 parts by weight of a resin, wherein the resin is attached on the surface of the metal pigment, the process comprising applying an ultrasonic vibration during resin coating treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Fahmi Yunazar, Shigeki Katsuta
  • Patent number: 8124193
    Abstract: Methods of controlling gloss of an image are disclosed. The methods may include forming an image over a substrate by applying an ink composition and optionally an overcoat composition at least partially over the substrate. The ink composition or overcoat composition may include at least one gellant, at least one curable monomer, optionally at least one curable wax and optionally at least one photoinitiator. The ink composition or overcoat composition may be curable upon exposure to radiation. The methods may further include providing a micro-roughness to one or more portions of the ink composition or overcoat composition by non-uniformly curing the ink composition or overcoat composition, and flood curing the ink composition or overcoat composition to complete a cure. The methods may thereby provide a controlled gloss level to the image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Jennifer L. Belelie, Michelle N. Chretien, Barkev Keoshkerian, Naveen Chopra, Peter G. Odell, Christopher A. Wagner
  • Patent number: 8124194
    Abstract: The invention provides an ink composition including a compound including a polymerizable unsaturated bond and a sulfide bond; and a radical polymerization initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Ippei Nakamura, Yuuichi Hayata, Kotaro Watanabe
  • Patent number: 8105659
    Abstract: A method of controlling gloss of an image includes forming an image over a substrate by applying a colored or colorless composition, included a colored ink and/or a colorless overcoat composition, over one or more portions of the substrate, wherein the colored or colorless composition includes at least one gellant, at least one curable monomer, at least one curable wax and optionally at least one photoinitiator, wherein the colored or colorless composition is curable upon exposure to radiation, and curing the colored or colorless composition following application by applying radiation to the colored or colorless composition and, during the curing, controlling an amount of oxygen present in an atmosphere around the image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Michelle N. Chretien, Peter G. Odell, Jennifer L. Belelie, Gordon Sisler, Christopher A. Wagner
  • Patent number: 8043665
    Abstract: A method of controlling gloss of an image includes applying an overcoat composition of at least one gellant, at least one curable monomer, at least one curable wax and optionally at least one photoinitiator over a substrate, wherein the overcoat composition is curable upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation; following the applying of the overcoat composition and prior to curing the overcoat composition by applying ultraviolet radiation, applying heat to heat the applied overcoat composition to a temperature of at least 35° C.; and subsequent to the applying heat, applying ultraviolet radiation to the overcoat composition to substantially cure the overcoat composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Michelle N. Chretien, Jennifer L. Belelie, Gordon Sisler
  • Patent number: 7722921
    Abstract: Anti-reflection film includes a transparent support, at least one optical functional layer overlaid on the support, and a low refractive index layer, overlaid on the optical functional layer, and having a lower refractive index than the optical functional layer. An anti-reflection film producing apparatus to produce this includes a coater for coating a surface of the optical functional layer with liquid for forming the low refractive index layer, to form a coating layer. A dryer promotes drying of the coating layer. A heater hardens the coating layer from the dryer at a first temperature level, and then hardens the coating layer at a second temperature level higher than the first temperature level, to form the low refractive index layer. Preferably, a difference between the first and second temperature levels is 1-50 deg. C. Also, ultraviolet rays are applied to the low refractive index layer after the hardening of the heater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2010
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Shimoda, Hirokazu Nishimura, Makoto Satoh
  • Publication number: 20100112232
    Abstract: A method of controlling gloss of an image includes applying an overcoat composition of at least one gellant, at least one curable monomer, at least one curable wax and optionally at least one photoinitiator over a substrate, wherein the overcoat composition is curable upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation; following the applying of the overcoat composition and prior to curing the overcoat composition by applying ultraviolet radiation, applying heat to heat the applied overcoat composition to a temperature of at least 35° C.; and subsequent to the applying heat, applying ultraviolet radiation to the overcoat composition to substantially cure the overcoat composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 3, 2008
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michelle N. Chretien, Jennifer L. Belelie, Gordon Sisler
  • Publication number: 20100021698
    Abstract: A method of controlling gloss of an image includes forming an image over a substrate by applying a colored or colorless composition, included a colored ink and/or a colorless overcoat composition, over one or more portions of the substrate, wherein the colored or colorless composition includes at least one gellant, at least one curable monomer, at least one curable wax and optionally at least one photoinitiator, wherein the colored or colorless composition is curable upon exposure to radiation, and curing the colored or colorless composition following application by applying radiation to the colored or colorless composition and, during the curing, controlling an amount of oxygen present in an atmosphere around the image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Publication date: January 28, 2010
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michelle N. CHRETIEN, Peter G. ODELL, Jennifer L. BELELIE, Gordon SISLER, Christopher A. WAGNER
  • Patent number: 7419716
    Abstract: Methods for providing surface coverings with differential gloss, and surface coverings prepared by the method, are disclosed. The methods involve screen printing or rotogravure printing a relatively low gloss primer onto portions of a substrate surface covering. The primer-coated substrate is then coated with a relatively higher gloss coating composition, and the coating compositions are cured, advantageously in a single curing step. The result is a surface covering including a top coat having a lower gloss level overlying the primer and a higher gloss level in the regions not overlying the primer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2008
    Assignee: AWI Licensing Company
    Inventors: Dong Tian, Ralph W. Wright, Jr., Scott Whalen
  • Publication number: 20080152829
    Abstract: A coating composition, comprising a film-forming component, a radiation curable group, and a matting agent, wherein, when the composition is deposited and treated to form a cured coating, the cured coating is characterized as having a higher concentration of the matting agent in a top half of the coating relative to a bottom half of the coating. Methods of treating a liquid radiation curable coating composition on a substrate are also disclosed, comprising applying an IR treatment to the liquid radiation curable coating composition, and applying a radiation curable treatment to the liquid radiation curable coating composition. The coating composition can provide improved properties, such as improved gloss, haze, flexibility, and/or chip resistance, when incorporated into a coating, or allow the use of less matting agent when compared to conventional coating compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Publication date: June 26, 2008
    Inventors: Roy E. Dean, Peter Kamarchik, Irina G. Schwendeman
  • Patent number: 7329438
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for producing a high gloss coating on a printed surface. In the present method, an aqueous coating composition is deposited onto a surface to be printed using a blanket roller coating face which is a low energy, non-stick, smooth surface profile. In the present method, simultaneous with the deposition of aqueous coating onto a substrate, or shortly thereafter, pressure either alone or in combination with heat may be applied to the coating in order to create a substantially tack-free surface conforming to the surface of the coating face. By using a highly polished coating face, high gloss coatings may be readily obtained using this methodology in a number of traditional printing techniques including wet trap inline sheet-fed printing, heat-set offset printing, dry trap inline flexographic printing, offset web-fed printing and gravure printing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2008
    Inventors: Joseph Frazzitta, Frank V. Frazzitta
  • Patent number: 7276265
    Abstract: Surface covering components that include a topcoat layer with different gloss levels in various regions on the top coat layer, and methods of manufacturing such surface covering components, are disclosed. The surface covering components include a coating layer that includes regions that have a relatively higher gloss, and regions with a relatively lower gloss. The differential gloss is provided by coating a substrate with a UV-curable coating composition, subjecting a first region of the surface coating to polymerization under a first set of conditions, and subjecting a second region of the surface coating to polymerization under a second set of conditions. The UV-curable coating compositions include UV-curable components and one or more flatting agents. The different polymerization conditions involve applying various photoinitiators, thermal initiators and/or cure altering agents to some regions of the coated substrate, and not applying these components to other regions of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2007
    Assignee: AWI Licensing Company
    Inventors: Gary A. Sigel, William J. Kauffman, Donald E. Barshinger
  • Patent number: 7139521
    Abstract: Gloss, differential gloss, and image relief of a printed image may be controlled by utilizing a combination of technologies in the appropriate manner. These technologies include the use of transparent toner overcoats, negative transparent toner masks, variable screen transparent toner screen masks, UV coaters, and post-press belt fusing. Unlike conventional systems, which may increase gloss at a cost of also increasing image relief, the present invention may produce an image having a controlled gloss, differential gloss, and image relief.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2006
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Yee Seung Ng, Hwai-Tzuu Tai
  • Patent number: 7011890
    Abstract: A method for depositing a low dielectric constant film is provided. The low dielectric constant film includes alternating sublayers, which include at least one carbon-doped silicon oxide sublayer. The sublayers are deposited by a plasma process than includes pulses of RF power. The alternating sublayers are deposited from two or more compounds that include at least one organosilicon compound. The two or more compounds and processing conditions are selected such that adjacent sublayers have different and improved mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2006
    Assignee: Applied Materials Inc.
    Inventors: Son Van Nguyen, Yi Zheng
  • Patent number: 6960620
    Abstract: A radiation-curable powder coating compositions based on crystalline urethane acrylates, which crosslink to light-stable and weather-stable coating films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2005
    Assignee: Degussa AG
    Inventors: Andreas Wenning, Giselher Franzmann, Emmanouil Spyrou
  • Patent number: 6878413
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for producing a high gloss coating on a printed surface. In the present method, an aqueous coating composition is deposited onto a surface to be printed using a blanket roller coating face which is a low energy, non-stick, smooth surface profile. In the present method, simultaneous with the deposition of aqueous coating onto a substrate, or shortly thereafter, pressure either alone or in combination with heat may be applied to the coating in order to create a substantially tack-free surface conforming to the surface of the coating face. By using a highly polished coating face, high gloss coatings may be readily obtained using this methodology in a number of traditional printing techniques including wet trap inline sheet-fed printing, heat-set offset printing, dry trap inline flexographic printing, offset web-fed printing and gravure printing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2005
    Inventors: Joseph Frazzitta, Frank V. Frazzitta
  • Patent number: 6759096
    Abstract: The foregoing differential gloss covering comprises a backing substrate, an ink layer, and a cured top layer having a first surface portion with a first gloss and a second surface portion, made by the process comprising providing the backing substrate; depositing an ink formulation comprising a curing agent over at least a first area of a top side of the backing substrate to form said ink layer; coating the top side of the backing substrate with a radiation curable formulation to form a top curable layer; diffusing at least a portion of the curing agent into the top curable layer; curing the top curable layer to form the cured top layer and thereby forming a differential gloss covering having said first surface portion above the first area of said top of said backing substrate having the first gloss and the second surface portion having the second gloss that is different from said first gloss.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Congoleum Corporation
    Inventors: Richard C. MacQueen, Thomas E. Janini, Anthony A. Parker
  • Patent number: 6569500
    Abstract: The invention is a method for manufacturing a surface covering product having a gloss controlled surface wearlayer coating and a curable composition used in that method. The preferred curable composition is a polymerizable coating which includes a di-isocyanate and/or isocyanurate structure, a polyester polyol, a hydroxy and acrylyl functional polyester, mono, di, or tri-functional acrylates, and a flatting agent and/or hard particulates. The preferred surface covering product is a floor covering product produced as a vinyl film that is precoated with preferably a wearlayer coating that is adhered to the vinyl film, and the surface of the film is preferably embossed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2003
    Assignee: AWI Licensing Company
    Inventors: Gary A. Sigel, Clifford M. Rosenau, Craig W. DeSantis, F. Joseph Appleyard
  • Patent number: 6528127
    Abstract: A printed packaging material and a method for making the same is described. On a primary surface of a thermoplastic flexible packaging material is disposed a printed image. That image includes two primary components. The first is at least one marking containing a pigment. The second is a pigment-free coating which overlies the outermost marking. The coating is made from materials which can polymerize and/or crosslink when exposed to ionizing radiation. After the film is exposed to such radiation, the coating hardens to form a protective layer over the printed markings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Cryovac, Inc.
    Inventors: Marc A. Edlein, David Ray Kyle
  • Patent number: 6480249
    Abstract: A light diffusing film is produced by preparing a paint by adding a light transmissive diffusing material comprising resin beads to a light transmissive resin, and coating the paint on one or both of the surfaces of transparent film substrate made of TAC, to produce a light diffusing layer. In the light diffusing film, the haze value on the surface of light diffusing layer is three or more, the difference between the haze value along the normal and that the lines ±60° apart from the normal is four or less, and the surface is practically smooth whose roughness is so adjusted as to give a surface roughness Ra of Ra≦0.2 &mgr;m. Application of such a light diffusing film onto a display panel inhibits scattering reflection which would otherwise cause the display to be whitish, reduces the variation of haze values which vary depending on the viewed angle, and thus improves display quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2002
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukimitsu Iwata, Fumihiro Arakawa
  • Patent number: 6472028
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a method for producing a high gloss coating on a printed surface. In the present method, an aqueous coating composition is deposited onto a surface to be printed using a blanket roller coating face which is a low energy, non-stick, smooth surface profile. In the present method, simultaneous with the deposition of aqueous coating onto a substrate, or shortly thereafter, pressure either alone or in combination with heat may be applied to the coating in order to create a substantially tack-free surface conforming to the surface of the coating face. By using a highly polished coating face, high gloss coatings may be readily obtained using this methodology in a number of traditional printing techniques including wet trap inline sheet-fed printing, heat-set offset printing, dry trap inline flexographic printing, offset web-fed printing and gravure printing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2002
    Inventors: Joseph Frazzitta, Frank V. Frazzitta
  • Patent number: 6461689
    Abstract: The specular gloss of a polyurethane wear layer of a surface covering is controlled by controlling the thermal conditions of a substrate before and after it is coated with a liquid polyurethane and by controlling the termal conditions of the liquid polyurethane before it is coated on the substrate. The liquid polyurethane is photo-curable or radiation-curable and it contains a matting agent. Changes in specular gloss are attained without changing the composition of the polyurethane or the conditions of photo-curing or radiation curing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: Domco Tarkett Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Gauthier, Claude Charest, René Ménard, Jean-François Courtoy
  • Patent number: 6447836
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of and a device for optimizing at least one coating material at at least one point of a substrate surface to which the coating material is applied. The method, which is carried out with the corresponding device, comprises at least the following steps: a) applying said at least one coating material to said at least one point of the substrate surface, b) curing said at least one coating material at said at least one point of the substrate surface, and c) determining the state, especially the curing and/or yellowing and/or gloss, of said coating material at said at least one point of the substrate surface, possessed by said coating material as a consequence of steps a) and b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2002
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wolfgang Schrof, Dieter Horn, Reinhold Schwalm, Uwe Meisenburg, Andreas Pfau
  • Patent number: 6440500
    Abstract: The invention is a method for manufacturing a surface covering product having a gloss controlled surface wearlayer coating and a curable composition used in that method. The preferred curable composition is a polymerizable coating which includes a di-isocyanate and/or isocyanurate structure, a polyester polyol, a hydroxy and acrylyl functional polyester, mono, di, or tri-functional acrylates, and a flatting agent and/or hard particulates. The preferred surface covering product is a floor covering product produced as a vinyl film that is precoated with preferably a wearlayer coating that is adhered to the vinyl film, and the surface of the film is preferably embossed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2002
    Assignee: Armstrong World Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary A. Sigel, Clifford M. Rosenau, Craig W. DeSantis, F. Joseph Appleyard
  • Patent number: 6423382
    Abstract: A high gloss coating on a mineral substrate, such as a roof tile or floor tile, can be achieved by a method comprising: i) applying a first coating consisting of an aqueous composition comprising a film forming polymeric binder to a surface of the uncured substrate; ii) exposing said first coating to hot air or infrared, ultraviolet or microwave radiation, for sufficient time for at least the surface of said coating remote from the substrate body to form a film of polymeric binder, and iii) applying a second coating consisting of an aqueous composition comprising a film forming polymeric binder on top of the first coating. After application of the second coating, the substrate and coatings are dried and cured, for example in an oven or autoclave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Michael Damian Bowe, John Maxfield
  • Patent number: 6333076
    Abstract: The invention is a method for manufacturing a surface covering product having a gloss controlled surface wearlayer coating and a curable composition used in that method. The preferred curable composition is a polymerizable coating which includes a di-isocyanate and/or isocyanurate structure, a polyester polyol, a hydroxy and acrylyl functional polyester, mono, di, or tri-functional acrylates, and a flatting agent and/or hard particulates. The preferred surface covering product is a floor covering product produced as a vinyl film that is precoated with preferably a wearlayer coating that is adhered to the vinyl film, and the surface of the film is preferably embossed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2001
    Assignee: Armstrong World Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary A. Sigel, Clifford M. Rosenau, Craig W. DeSantis, F. Joseph Appleyard
  • Patent number: 6242053
    Abstract: A process and device is shown for coating the delineating surfaces of a hollow object, preferably a hollow object having at least one sealable opening, by means of plasma coating, via the action of plasma on the delineating surface of the hollow object that is to be coated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: Leybold Systems GmbH
    Inventors: Friedrich Anderle, Jürgen Henrich, Wilfried Dicken, Heinrich Grünwald, Michael Liehr, Klaus Nauenburg, Rudolf Beckmann
  • Patent number: 6187389
    Abstract: This invention relates to an economical coating composition for porous substrates that provides extremely glossy surfaces, is capable of supporting holographic images, provides good oxygen barrier properties as well as good oil, grease, solvent and water resistance. Said coatings on paper substrates are printable, biodegradable, recyclable, and repulpable. They are also suitable for use in conjunction with food products. This invention also relates to a process for applying said coatings onto porous substrates as well as a process for the economical production of inexpensive holographic images on substrates such as paper and cardboard containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2001
    Assignee: A*Ware Technologies, L.C.
    Inventors: Derric T. Overcash, Richard C. Wallace
  • Patent number: 6111699
    Abstract: A light diffusing film is produced by preparing a paint by adding a light transmissive diffusing material comprising resin beads to a light transmissive resin, and coating the paint on one or both of the surfaces of transparent film substrate made of TAC, to produce a light diffusing layer. In the light diffusing film, the haze value on the surface of light diffusing layer is three or more, the difference between the haze value along the normal and that along the lines .+-.60.degree. apart from the normal is four or less, and the surface is practically smooth whose roughness is so adjusted as to give a surface roughness Ra of Ra.ltoreq.0.2 .mu.m. Application of such a light diffusing film onto a display panel inhibits scattering reflection which would otherwise cause the display to be whitish, reduces the variation of haze values which vary depending on the viewed angle, and thus improves display quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Yukimitsu Iwata, Fumihiro Arakawa
  • Patent number: 5888617
    Abstract: An object with a homogeneous matted surface is provided which can be carried out in a simple manner and at low cost. The surface of the object has a thin skin layer produced by UV polymerization at a wavelength of at most 200 nm, and a core or carrier layer, beneath the skin layer, is produced by polymerization with UV radiation of a wavelength of at least 220 nm or by electron beams. A method for producing the matted surface is also provided, wherein a film made of an organic material that can be polymerized by UV radiation or electron beams is applied to a substrate; the film is irradiated with UV radiation of a wavelength of at most 200 nm, with the production of the skin layer at the surface, in which the organic material is at least partially polymerized; and the core area of the film, beneath the skin layer, is irradiated with UV radiation having a wavelength above 220 nm or by electron beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Heraeus Noblelight GmbH
    Inventor: Angelika Roth
  • Patent number: 5571570
    Abstract: An ultraviolet curable blend composition comprising (exclusive of any solvent present): (a) about 35% to about 65% by weight of a first acrylated aliphatic urethane having a molecular weight of between about 500 and 2000 and formed by the reaction of (i) a first multifunctional acrylate with a molecular weight of between about 190 and 500 and containing at least three polymerizable unsaturated groups per molecule, with (ii) an aliphatic urethane based on a polymer of allyl carbomonocycle diisocyanate with alkanepolyol polyacrylates; (b) about 5% to about 25% by weight of a second acrylated aliphatic urethane having a molecular weight of about 1200 to about 2600 and formed by the reaction of a second multifunctional acrylate with a molecular weight of about 110 to about 500 with an aliphatic urethane based on a polyether and having a molecular weight of about 800 to about 2200; (c) about 10% to about 55% by weight of a third multifunctional acrylate having a molecular weight of between about 170 and about 1000
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1996
    Assignee: Red Spot Paint and Varnish Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Randall T. Lake
  • Patent number: 5534310
    Abstract: A latex binder suitable for producing high gloss coating on weathered substrates and a method for producing such coatings. The binder includes a low molecular weight and low acid number latex polymer having an acid functional and an enamine functional moiety that results from the reaction of ammonia or amine with an acetoacetyl functional pendant moiety on the latex polymer. A film containing the latex binder is applied on a substrate and then exposed to ambient light and air to produce a high gloss highly adherent film on difficult to adhere surfaces, such as weathered chalky substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Joseph M. Rokowski, William C. Finch
  • Patent number: 5529812
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a method of manufacturing decorative board meeting exceptionally high standard concerning abrasion resistance, scratch resistance and impact resistance and which for this pruposes is varnished, electron-beam cured to 60-9.5%, is subjected to a pressing treatment and finally it is electron-beam cured to 100% to provide the disired abrasion resistance, gloss, and surface finish.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1996
    Inventor: Djorn Keding
  • Patent number: 5460857
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of producing dull surfaces, in which initially a first paint layer is applied in a first layer thickness and at least one second paint layer is then applied on top of the first paint layer, at least the paint layer applied last being provided with dulling agents and having a dry film layer thickness which is less than the average particle size of the dulling agent. The method is characterized in that the paint layers applied are cured by ionizing radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: BASF Lacke + Farben AG
    Inventor: Stephan Schunck
  • Patent number: 5387463
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a triacetyl cellulose film excellent in not only glare reducing property but also transparency and further excellent in the resolution and contrast and, at the same time, having good surface hardness and solvent resistance; a triacetyl cellulose film produced by the method; and a polarizing plate using the triacetyl cellulose film.A coating composition consisting essentially of a resin bead having a refractive index of 1.40 to 1.60 and an ionizing radiation curing resin composition is coated on a transparent substrate material, and the coated substrate material is irradiated with an ionizing radiation to cure the ionizing radiation curing resin. According to the present invention, when an acetyl cellulose film is used as the transparent substrate material, even though the film is saponified with an alkali, no increase in the haze value occurs and a triacetyl cellulose film provided with a hard coat having a glare reducing property can be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1995
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Norinaga Nakamura, Yugo Noritake
  • Patent number: 5318808
    Abstract: Compositions for photocurable coatings are disclosed. The compositions comprise (a) an epoxidized vegetable oil, (b) a low molecular weight epoxy resin, (c) a photoinitiator for cationic polymerization and (d) a wax. Processes for making and using the coatings are also disclosed as are containers coated according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: Polyset Company, Inc.
    Inventors: James V. Crivello, Ramkrishna Ghoshal
  • Patent number: 5212271
    Abstract: A process for texturing a coating via exposing a photocurable composition comprising a multifunctional urea compound, an ethylenically unsaturated compound, and an aromatic ketone photosensitizer that functions through a hydrogen abstraction mechanism when exposed to ultraviolet light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: Texaco Chemical Company
    Inventors: Alison D. Beckett, Joseph V. Koleske, Richard M. Gerkin