With Nonvoid Component Of Specified Composition Patents (Class 428/318.4)
  • Patent number: 10450432
    Abstract: A composite comprising a combination of a self-healing polymer matrix and a carbon fiber reinforcement is described. In one embodiment, the matrix is a polybutadiene graft copolymer matrix, such as polybutadiene graft copolymer comprising poly(butadiene)-graft-poly(methyl acrylate-co-acrylonitrile). A method of fabricating the composite is also described, comprising the steps of manufacturing a pre-impregnated unidirectional carbon fiber preform by wetting a plurality of carbon fibers with a solution, the solution comprising a self-healing polymer and a solvent, and curing the preform. A method of repairing a structure made from the composite of the invention is described. A novel prepreg material used to manufacture the composite of the invention is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Administrator of NASA
    Inventors: Keith L. Gordon, Emilie J. Siochi, Brian W. Grimsley, Roberto J. Cano, Michael W. Czabaj
  • Patent number: 10391969
    Abstract: A heat-resistance increasing fabric sheet for an airbag is used in an airbag that is deployed and inflated by inflation gas discharged from a gas outlet portion of an inflator. The heat-resistance increasing fabric sheet is configured to increase the heat resistance of a member subjected to an increase in heat resistance. The heat-resistance increasing fabric sheet includes a base fabric sheet, a heat-resistant layer, and a top coat layer. The base fabric sheet is made of cotton fibers and arranged between the member subjected to an increase in heat resistance and the gas outlet portion. The heat-resistant layer is made of aluminum foil laminated on a surface of the base fabric sheet that faces the gas outlet portion. The top coat layer is made of a plastic film laminated on a surface of the heat-resistant layer that faces the gas outlet portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Masakatsu Otsuka
  • Patent number: 10300684
    Abstract: The present invention provides an insulation film, comprising a film upper layer (101) and a film lower layer (103), wherein both of the film upper layer (101) and film lower layer (103) are made of a PP material, the PP material contains a flame retardant to meet the flame retardance thereof; a film intermediate layer (102) located between the film upper layer (101) and the film lower layer (103), the film intermediate layer (102) is made of a PP or PE material does not contain a flame retardant or contains a small amount of flame retardant; an upper surface of the film intermediate layer (102) is bound together with a lower surface of the film upper layer (101), a lower surface of the film intermediate layer (102) is bound together with an upper surface of the film lower layer (103).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC.
    Inventors: Hong Chuan Liao, Chris Benson, Yong Liang, Tom Carlson
  • Patent number: 10119087
    Abstract: A method of and device for processing carbonacious material into gas and activated carbon together with blower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: BIXBY ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventor: Sherman Aaron
  • Patent number: 9833969
    Abstract: The invention concerns an article comprising layers of polylactic acid and a process of making the same. A layer is of foamed polylactic acid. A layer preferably comprises an impact modifier. The article can be used in the field of packaging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignees: Compagnie Gervais Danone, Clariant International Ltd.
    Inventors: Frédéric Chivrac, Anne-Flore Jacob, Jan-Eric Wegner, Mirco Groeseling
  • Patent number: 9777437
    Abstract: A method for enhancing the structural strength of a porous substrate having pores therein is disclosed. The method includes soaking the porous substrate in a solution having a first solvent and at least one polymer dissolved in the first solvent at a specific temperature and pressure, such that the solution is deposited within pores of the porous substrate, soaking the porous substrate in a second solvent, such that the first solvent diffuses into the second solvent, and such that the at least one polymer remains within the pores of the porous substrate, and flushing out the second solvent from the porous substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Spectra Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Nabil Lawandy, Paul Byrne
  • Patent number: 9540404
    Abstract: To provide a fluorinated ether compound, a fluorinated ether composition and a coating liquid, whereby it is possible to form a surface-treated layer which has high initial water/oil repellency and which is excellent in abrasion resistance and fingerprint stain removability, and a substrate having a surface-treated layer and a method for its production. A fluorinated ether compound which has a poly(oxyperfluoroalkylene) chain ((??)n) made of at least two units (??) linked to one another, and which has a hydrolysable silyl group on at least one terminal of the chain ((??)n) via a linking group, wherein each unit (??) is a poly(oxyperfluoroalkylene) group comprising one to three groups (?) made of at least one type of a C1-2 oxyperfluoroalkylene group and one to three groups (?) made of at least one type of a C3-6 oxyperfluoroalkylene group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Eisuke Murotani, Taiki Hoshino, Akinobu Kunimoto, Daisuke Jomuta, Nobuyuki Otozawa
  • Patent number: 9528269
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a halogen free roof system is described. The roof system includes a structural deck that is positioned above joists or other support members. Polyisocyanurate foam insulation is positioned atop the structural deck. The polyisocyanurate foam insulation has an isocyanate index greater than 200 and includes a polyisocyanurate core having a halogen free fire retardant. A water proof membrane is positioned atop the polyisocyanurate foam insulation. The polyisocyanurate core is able to form a sufficiently stable char when exposed to flame conditions such that the polyisocyanurate core is able to pass the ASTM E-84 test.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Malay Nandi, Lance Wang, Jawed Asrar
  • Patent number: 9434835
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a blend comprising metallocene polypropylene and an elastomer for automobile parts, characterized in that said blend has low volatile organic compounds emissions. The invention also relates to the use of said blend in parts for automobiles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: TOTAL PETROCHEMICALS RESEARCH FELUY
    Inventors: Christian Ter Woort, Emmanuelle Koscher, Filip Vandoorne
  • Patent number: 9005701
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an easy-to-apply, but versatile method for modifying the physical and chemical resistance properties of expanded polyester products, such as fire retardancy and hydrolysis resistance, by melt-modification of the surface layer(s) of said foams and sponges, the manufacturing of such products and the use of such products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Armacell Enterprise GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Jürgen Weidinger, Mika Meller, Jie Li
  • Patent number: 8986843
    Abstract: The present invention has its object to provide an optical layered body having sufficient hardness and an even surface, including a low refractive index layer having a sufficiently low refractive index, and having excellent antireflection properties. optical layered body of the present invention comprises: at least a low refractive index layer on a light-transmitting substrate, wherein said low refractive index layer is formed by using a composition for a low refractive index layer, said composition comprising a hollow silica fine particle and an organic binder, said organic binder containing: a fluorine atom-free polyfunctional monomer having three or more reactive functional groups in one molecule; a fluorine atom-containing monomer; and a fluorine atom-containing polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Horio, Mariko Hayashi, Kiyotaka Matsui
  • Publication number: 20150056436
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a ceramic layer (18) on a surface formed from a Ni base alloy (17), comprising the following steps: producing on the surface a ceramic layer (18) containing ZrO2 as a main constituent; producing a gas phase having a temperature in the range from 400 to 900° C., in which a vapour formed from a salt melt (8) with the components alkali chloride, alkali sulphate and ZnCl2 is contained in a carrier gas formed from an inert gas with an addition from 0.5 to 10% by weight HCl; and bringing the ceramic layer (18) into contact with the gas phase for a period of time that is sufficient for an intermediate layer (19) having a thickness of at least 0.1 ?m to form between the ceramic layer (18) and the surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Karl Thomas Fehr, Yaping Ye, Gerhard Wolf
  • Patent number: 8962750
    Abstract: Pebble or granular based elastomeric surfacing materials that include an aliphatic thermoplastic polyurethane based pebble or granule bonded together with a two-part aliphatic polyurethane binder are provided. In one embodiment, an A side of the two-part binder has at least one polyol, and a B side of the two-part binder has multiple isocyanates. The multiple isocyanates can include for example hydrogenated methylene diphenyldisocyanate and hexamethylene diisocyanate. The A side and the B side of the binder are utilized to bond the pebbles together to form a surface that can be either porous or non-porous. In another embodiment, an A side of a two-part binder includes multiple polyols. The multiple polyols can include for example esterified ricinoleic acid polyols and caprolactone polyols. The A side of the two-part binder can be combined with a B side of the two-part binder and pebbles to form a non-porous surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Landscape Structures Inc.
    Inventor: Gerald M. Saluti
  • Publication number: 20150037865
    Abstract: Kits and assemblies for causing, enhancing, and/or expediting consumption of an article by at least one biodegradative living organism are disclosed. The kits and assemblies include at least one additional living organism that enhances and/or expedites consumption of the article by the at least one biodegradative living organism. Methods of producing and using same are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventor: Donald E. Weder
  • Patent number: 8916080
    Abstract: A biaxially oriented laminate film including a core layer including a blend of crystalline polylactic acid polymer and an inorganic antiblock particle which is biaxially oriented at low transverse direction orientation temperatures to impart a degree of cavitation around the particles such that a matte or opaque appearance is obtained. The laminate film may further have additional layers such as a heat sealable layer disposed on one side of the core layer including an amorphous polylactic acid resin and/or a polylactic acid resin-containing layer disposed on the side of the core layer opposite the heat sealable layer, a metal layer, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Toray Plastics (America), Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Lee, Harold Egon Koehn, Takeshi Mizumura, Keunsuk P. Chang
  • Patent number: 8911870
    Abstract: A biaxially oriented laminate film including a core layer including a blend of crystalline polylactic acid polymer and an inorganic antiblock particle which is biaxially oriented at low transverse direction orientation temperatures to impart a degree of cavitation around the particles such that a matte or opaque appearance is obtained. The laminate film may further have additional layers such as a heat sealable layer disposed on one side of the core layer including an amorphous polylactic acid resin and/or a polylactic acid resin-containing layer disposed on the side of the core layer opposite the heat sealable layer, a metal layer, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Toray Plastics (America), Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Lee, Harold E. Koehn, Takeshi Mizumura, Keunsuk P. Chang
  • Patent number: 8889574
    Abstract: A laminate product comprising a foam core having a pair of opposed major surfaces and a cover layer secured with respect to each major surface is described. The cover layer comprises a polymeric substrate having disposed therein a plurality of reinforcing fibrous material. It has been found that it is possible to produce a foam laminate product having improved stiffness if a lower amount of reinforcing material is used for a given amount of polymer substrate. In particular, it has been found possible to provide an improved foam laminate product having a relatively high ratio of stiffness to weight of reinforcing fibrous material. It has been further discovered that the stiffness of the resulting foam laminate product can be increased when the polymer substrate and the reinforcing fibrous material are present in a weight ratio of greater than 2.5. This is believed to be the result of improved encapsulation of the reinforcing fibrous material by the polymer substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Proprietect, L.P.
    Inventors: Inna Dolgopolsky, Yolanda Sadl, Lisa Pileggi, Petar Pepic
  • Patent number: 8852749
    Abstract: Disclosed is a variable vapor barrier comprising or produced from a composition wherein the composition comprises an ethylene copolymer, a fatty acid, and an additional polymer; the ethylene copolymer comprises repeat units derived from ethylene, a C3-8 ?,?-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid, and optionally a comonomer; the fatty acid is one or more carboxylic acids having fewer than 36 carbon atoms, or salts thereof; and the additional polymer is present in the from about 30 to about 85%, based on the weight of the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: John Chu Chen
  • Patent number: 8852725
    Abstract: A vessel closing laminate comprising: a seal laminate comprising a bottom subassembly of layers including a foil layer; and a seal substrate attached to the uppermost layer of the bottom subassembly of layers wherein the seal substrate has a bottom foam layer and a top plastic material layer and further includes a free tab lying wholly within the circumference of the seal; a wax layer on top of the plastic material layer of the seal substrate; and an absorbent liner adhered to the plastic material layer of the seal substrate by means of the wax layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Selig Sealing Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Victor Sachs, David John O'Brien, Andrew Fenwick McLean
  • Patent number: 8846191
    Abstract: Bilayer platelet fillers are employed to compensate for a positive coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of an embedding polymeric material, or even to provide a composite structure having a negative CTE to eliminate or alleviate thermomechanical stress and/or delamination during thermal cycling. A bilayer platelet includes two joined layers having different CTEs. The CTE mismatch induces bending of the bilayer platelets, thereby causing cavities at temperatures lower than the joining temperature at which the bilayers are joined. The decrease in the volume of the polymeric material and the bilayer platelets at low temperatures is compensated by an accompanying increase in the volume of the cavities so that the composite structure has a temperature independent volume, a low net CTE, or even a negative CTE.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Gareth G. Hougham, Xiao H. Liu
  • Patent number: 8840954
    Abstract: Provided is a transparent carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode comprising a net-like (i.e., net-shaped) CNT thin film and a method for preparing the same. More specifically, a transparent CNT electrode comprises a transparent substrate and a net-shaped CNT thin film formed on the transparent substrate, and a method for preparing a transparent CNT electrode, comprising forming a thin film using particulate materials and CNTs, and then removing the particulate materials to form a net-shaped CNT thin film. The transparent CNT electrode exhibits excellent electrical conductivity while maintaining high light transmittance. Therefore, the transparent CNT electrode can be widely used to fabricate a variety of electronic devices, including image sensors, solar cells, liquid crystal displays, organic electroluminescence (EL) displays, and touch screen panels, that have need of electrodes possessing both light transmission properties and conductive properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong Kee Yi, Seon Mi Yoon, Jae Young Choi, O Ok Park, Mun Ho Kim, Hong Kyoon Choi
  • Patent number: 8815390
    Abstract: A biaxially oriented laminate film including a core layer including a blend of crystalline polylactic acid polymer and a minority amount of polyolefin with a compatibilizing resin which is biaxially oriented such that a matte or opaque appearance is obtained. The laminate film may further have additional layers such as a heat sealable layer disposed on one side of the core layer including an amorphous polylactic acid resin and/or a polylactic acid resin-containing layer disposed on the side of the core layer opposite the heat sealable layer, a metal layer, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Toray Plastics (America), Inc.
    Inventor: Mark S. Lee
  • Publication number: 20140234613
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for producing rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams using polyols having a high proportion of secondary hydroxyl end groups. The invention further relates to the rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams thus obtainable and to the use thereof in the production of composite elements from rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams and suitable outer layers. The invention further provides the composite elements thus obtainable.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 16, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: BAYER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY GMBH
    Inventors: Hartmut Nefzger, Jörg Hofmann, Klaus Lorenz, Stephanie Vogel, Reinhard Albers, Patrick Klasen
  • Patent number: 8808854
    Abstract: A biaxially oriented laminate film including a core layer including a blend of crystalline polylactic acid polymer and a minority amount of polyolefin with a compatibilizing resin which is biaxially oriented such that a matte or opaque appearance is obtained. The laminate film may further have additional layers such as a heat sealable layer disposed on one side of the core layer including an amorphous polylactic acid resin and/or a polylactic acid resin-containing layer disposed on the side of the core layer opposite the heat sealable layer, a metal layer, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Toray Plastics (America), Inc.
    Inventor: Mark S. Lee
  • Patent number: 8802197
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of producing an article comprising an interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) and an IPN comprising article e.g. obtainable by this method. The method comprises providing a polymer substrate e.g. shaped to provide the desired article and applying it in a reaction chamber, providing at least one monomer for an interpenetrating polymer, exposing said polymer substrate in said reaction chamber to said at least one monomer in the presence of an impregnation solvent comprising CO2 under conditions wherein said CO2 is in its liquid or supercritical state and polymerizing and optionally cross linking said at least one monomer to form an interpenetrating polymer in the presence of a polymerization solvent under conditions wherein at least a part of said at least one monomer is dissolved in said polymerization solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: PTT Holding APS
    Inventors: Martin Alm, Maike Benter, Anne Marie Jensen, Joachim Karthäuser, Kjeld Schaumburg
  • Patent number: 8784982
    Abstract: Cushioning elements include a porous foam comprising a series of interconnected cell walls and an elastomeric material formed over at least a portion of the interconnected cell walls. The porous foam is configured to allow gases to pass through at least a portion thereof. Methods of forming cushioning elements may include coating interconnected cell walls of a breathable porous foam with a liquid comprising an elastomeric material, solidifying at least a portion of the elastomeric material, and providing a gas path through the elastomeric material. Other methods include pressing sheets of foam together at a pinch point, disposing a liquid between the foam over the pinch point, coating the foam with the liquid, and separating the sheets beyond the pinch point. Some methods include consolidating a plurality of portions of porous foam into a continuous cushioning material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Edizone, LLC
    Inventors: Tony M. Pearce, Russell B. Whatcott
  • Publication number: 20140169869
    Abstract: The invention is directed to furniture such as of floor independently standing or wall mounted furniture, cabinetry, containers, boxes that can be lightweight, modular, easily assembled and disassembled.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Inventors: Patrick Henry Brumfield, William Brian Mitchell
  • Patent number: 8709560
    Abstract: Polymeric compositions and methods of making and using such compositions are provided. The compositions incorporate a first polymeric component that is at least one high density polyethylene and a second polymeric component that is at least one polymer including propylene-derived units having a heat of fusion of less than 75 J/g wherein the propylene-derived units have an isotactic triad fraction of about 65% to about 99%. The polymeric compositions are found to have desirable environmental stress crack resistance properties and impact resistance properties. The polymeric compositions are useful in a variety of applications such as molded containers and extruded pipes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Srivatsan Srinivas Iyer, Thomas Michael Miller
  • Patent number: 8691375
    Abstract: The invention provides a material for packaging of electronic components comprising a structured layer, wherein said structured layer comprises a mesh of cells, each cell comprising an electrically conductive rim and an electrically non conductive interior, said cells being interconnected so that any two adjacent cells share at least a portion of their respective rims.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Anton Kuepper, Christian Weinmann
  • Patent number: 8637145
    Abstract: A sound insulator of the invention includes a sound absorption layer and an air-impermeable resonance layer, which are bonded to each other via an adhesive layer. The sound absorption layer has a thickness in a range of 5 to 50 mm, an area-weight of not greater than 2000 g/m2 and a two-layer structure of a high-density sound absorption layer and a low-density sound absorption layer The high-density sound absorption layer is bonded to the air-impermeable resonance layer via the adhesive layer and has a density in a range of 0.05 to 0.20 g/cm3and a thickness in a range of 2 to 30 mm. The low-density sound absorption layer is bonded to the other face of the high-density sound absorption layer via an adhesive layer and has a density in a range of 0.01 to 0.10 g/cm3 and a thickness in a range of 2 to 30 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignees: Takehiro Co., Ltd., Toyota Boshoku Corporation
    Inventors: Toru Inoue, Masaki Ishikawa, Youhei Ishikawa, Sohei Matsuyama, Hideyuki Mori
  • Patent number: 8628848
    Abstract: A filmic label including a face material having a front side, a reverse side and an adhesive layer including pressure sensitive adhesive on the reverse side of the face material. The face material includes at least one surface layer on at least one side of at least one central layer. The at least one central layer includes cavities that have been initiated at initiation sites by stretching the face material in a longitudinal direction and in a cross direction. The cavities have been expanded in a thickness direction of the face material by allowing a gaseous substance to have an effect on the at least one central layer. Also a method for forming a plastic film for a filmic label.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: UPM Raflatac Oy
    Inventors: Håkan Saxen, Martti Vähälä, Tom Saxberg
  • Patent number: 8628843
    Abstract: The present invention provides sintered composite polymeric materials and methods of making and using the same. The sintered composite polymeric materials are made by sintering composite particles comprising a polytetrafluoroethylene component and a carbonaceous component, wherein the carbonaceous component is dispersed throughout the polytetrafluoroethylene component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Porex Corporation
    Inventor: Andrew James MacLennan
  • Patent number: 8617699
    Abstract: A method includes dispensing a first polymer or predominantly polymer material foam precursor and allowing the precursor to rise and at least partially set to form a foam core layer for an insulation board, the foam core layer having a first density. The method further comprises dispensing a second polymer or predominantly polymer material foam precursor and allowing the second precursor to rise and set to form a core layer for a cover board, the core layer for the cover board having a second density greater than the first density. The second foam precursor may include polyisocyanurate. The method may also include feeding facer materials over the precursors to form facers on the core layers. Such insulation boards and cover boards may be cut to length and installed on a roof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Inventors: Duane Paradis, Christopher J Griffin, Raymond C Swann, Joel Evan Hazy, Brad C Burdic
  • Patent number: 8535794
    Abstract: Device, especially a piece of sporting equipment for use in surfing or similar activities, includes a base made of foamed plastic, which has at least one laminate coating made of a fabric laminate and an underlay compound. The device includes an intermediate layer between the base and the laminate coating. Likewise provided are a number of processes for producing fiber composites in connection with foamed plastics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Inventors: Sven Brauers, Rouven Brauers
  • Patent number: 8535463
    Abstract: An uncured acoustic absorbing member (1, 31) for cavity sealing comprises a thermally inert carrier (8, 38) and a thermally expandable material (6, 40) applied to the carrier. The carrier (8, 38) contains openings (3, 33) which become covered when the thermally expandable material is expanded to seal the cavity. The acoustic absorbing members (1, 31) are particularly useful for sealing automotive cavities to provide acoustical abatement and to prevent the entry of fluids into the cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Mark P. Allen, Thomas B. Chen, Tom T. Chen, Jay M. Tudor, Matthew J. Turpin, Thomas Mettler, Xiao Chun Liu, Eric Yi Ge Yin, Yein J. Cai
  • Patent number: 8529812
    Abstract: Pearls based on expanded polymers are produced by extruding an expandable composition containing a thermoplastic polymer and an expanding agent, and thereafter cooling and chopping the expanded material thus obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Rhodia Polyamide Intermediates
    Inventors: Jean-Francois Estur, Eric Roche, Jean-Francois Briois
  • Publication number: 20130230714
    Abstract: A novel vacuum forming technique is disclosed whereby unique leather-plastic sandwich materials may be formed into arbitrary shapes using a molding technique having similarities to the vacuum thermoforming and leather molding processes. The leather itself may be softened before applying a vacuum forming step by means of soaking in warm water. The vacuum step removes the water thus hardening the material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2012
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Inventor: Roy LIRAN
  • Publication number: 20130210309
    Abstract: A multilayer structure for a vehicle interior material, and a method for manufacturing same. A multilayer structure for a vehicle interior material comprises: a polypropylene foam sheet; a reinforcement sheet stacked on at least one surface of the polypropylene foam sheet, wherein the reinforcement sheet includes a natural fiber and a synthetic fiber and is produced by being needle-punched and then subjected to a heat roller process; and a coating layer formed on the outer surface of the reinforcement sheet.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: HANIL E-HWA CO., LTD
    Inventors: Dong Won Kim, Ki Sung Kim
  • Publication number: 20130209744
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, a novel composite textile laminate (composite fabric) and manufacturing method for the same is provided. The composite textile is particularly suitable for outdoor apparel that protects the wearer from outdoor elements such as sunlight, wind, and cold. In a preferred embodiment, the textile consists of an outer layer of elastane having a sun protective factor, an intermediate layer of polyurethane-ester open-cell foam, and an inner lining of synthetic micro-suede material or brushed nylon that contacts the skin. The outer and inner layers are flame bonded, with the intermediate foam layer in between them. The composite textile can be embossed and the perimeter is defined and sealed by laser cutting, which act against de-lamination. The result is a composite synthetic textile with improved comfort and protection. The outer elastane surface can also be sublimated with a desired image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2012
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Inventor: Robert Gregory Beliveau
  • Publication number: 20130202855
    Abstract: A method of preparing a mycelium component, including growing live mycelium from a fungal inoculum and a liquid aggregate. The live mycelium is cured to terminate further mycelium growth and form a mycelium structure. Moisture is applied to the mycelium structure such that the mycelium structure is nearly fully saturated. The mycelium structure is dried to form a hardened mycelium structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventor: FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
  • Patent number: 8481153
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for imparting wide angle low reflection on any high reflective surfaces through resonant excitation of plasmonic leaky mode of a nanocavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Simin Feng, Mark B. Moran, M. Joseph Roberts, Linda F. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20130167965
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an article having a surface modified to alter its surface tension property and increase resistance to sand abrasion as characterized by a material volume loss of less than 75 mm3 according to ASTM G65-04 Procedure B. In one embodiment of the method, an intermediate layer is first deposited onto a substrate of the article. At least a substrate on the article is protected by a coating layer, which comprises: an intermediate layer adjacent to the substrate with a thickness of at least 2 mils containing a plurality of pores with a total pore volume of 5 to 50% within a depth of at least 2 mils; and a surface layer comprising a lubricant material deposited onto the intermediate layer. The lubricant material infiltrates at least a portion of the pores for the coating to have the desired surface tension depending on the application.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2011
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Inventors: Justin Lee Cheney, Grzegorz Jan Kusinski
  • Publication number: 20130164523
    Abstract: Composite materials and methods for making composites are provided. The method includes providing a nano-particulate-depletable material that includes a plurality of nano-particulates on or within a depletable material; positioning the nano-particulate-depletable material on or within a structural material; and depleting the depletable material such that the nano-particulates are selectively placed on or within the structural material. Depletion may include infusion of a resin into the structural material. The depletable material may be a polymeric foam, and the nano-particulates may be carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Applicant: Florida State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventor: Florida State University Research Foundation, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20130164524
    Abstract: A construction board comprising a foam layer and at least one coated facer, where the at least one coated facer includes a substrate and a coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2011
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventors: John B. Letts, Michael Vall, Timothy L. Bergwall
  • Patent number: 8470437
    Abstract: A porous concrete road surface structure made from polymer modified cement and a construction method thereof are disclosed. The structure successively comprises a bottom layer, a bonding layer, a porous concrete layer and a surface treatment layer. The bonding layer is located on the bottom layer, and the porous concrete layer on the bonding layer is prepared through paving, leveling and jolting a composition mixed from broken stone, sand and a slurry mixture of polymer modified cement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Inventor: Zhijian Yi
  • Patent number: 8465832
    Abstract: Composite laminated article having: a first layer of a fiber-reinforced resin, a second layer of a closed cell foam of a thermoplastic material, and a third layer of a fiber-reinforced resin, the resin of the first and third layers respectively adhering a surface of the first and third layers to a respective surface of the second layer to form a sandwich construction of the first, second and third layers, wherein the closed cell foam comprises a plurality of expanded beads mutually welded together, each bead comprising a plurality of closed cells, wherein in each bead the closed cell foam has an average cell size of from 15 to 75 microns, at least 50% of the beads comprise first beads having a uniform cell size in which the maximum cell size is 100 microns and at most 50% of the beads comprise second beads having a non-uniform cell size in which the majority of cells have a maximum cell size of 100 microns and a minority of cells have a maximum cell size from more than 100 microns to up to 660 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Gurit (UK) Ltd.
    Inventor: Daniel Thomas Jones
  • Patent number: 8445101
    Abstract: A building material configured to enhance sound attenuation and reduction in dB across a walled partition, the building material comprising a facing membrane, a core matrix disposed about the facing membrane, the core matrix comprising a plurality of microparticles and a binder solution configured to support the microparticles, the building material comprising at least a substantially exposed face, wherein a side of the core matrix is at least partially exposed to increase sound attenuation by reducing reflections from sound waves impinging on the building material as compared to a control building material lacking an exposed face. Two building materials may be used in conjunction with one another about a building structure, such as a stud wall, to create and define a sound trap that functions to reduce sound transmission across the partition formed by the stud wall and building materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Ashtech Industries, LLC
    Inventors: Michael D. Kipp, Dilworth L. Pugh, Michael D. Ridges, William T. McCarvill
  • Publication number: 20130122280
    Abstract: A biaxially oriented laminate film including a core layer including a blend of crystalline polylactic acid polymer and a metal salt phosphorus-containing compound nucleating agent which is biaxially oriented at low transverse direction orientation temperatures to impart a degree of cavitation around the metal salt phosphorus-containing metal such that a white opaque cavitated appearance and a lower film density and improved mechanical properties are obtained. The laminate film could further have additional layers such as a heat sealable layer disposed on one side of said core layer including an amorphous polylactic acid resin and/or a polylactic acid resin-containing layer disposed on the side of the core layer opposite the heat sealable layer, a metal layer, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Inventors: Nao YOKOTA, Mark S. LEE, Claudio M. PAULINO
  • Publication number: 20130122221
    Abstract: Coated articles are provided comprising: (a) a substrate; (b) a porous sol-gel layer superimposed on at least one surface of the substrate; wherein the porous sol-gel layer comprises a hydrolyzed tetraalkoxysilane; and (c) a sealant layer superimposed on at least one surface of the porous sol-gel layer; wherein the sealant layer comprises an alkyltrihalosilane. The coated articles demonstrate superior abrasion resistance due to a glass-like layer formed from the combination of the porous sol-gel layer and sealant layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Inventors: James P. Colton, Mathias Maffei
  • Patent number: 8440296
    Abstract: A shear panel building material that includes a first facing membrane, a core matrix disposed on a face of the first facing membrane, and a semi-rigid or rigid material attached to the core matrix. The core matrix can include microspheres having a size of about 200 microns to about 800 microns, sodium silicate, and ethylene vinyl acetate. In one aspect, the shear panel is substantially free from glue and cement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Ashtech Industries, LLC
    Inventors: Michael D. Kipp, Dilworth L. Pugh, Michael D. Ridges, William T. McCarvill