Of Carbohydrate Patents (Class 428/532)
  • Publication number: 20120088041
    Abstract: A polarizer protective film having a cellulose acylate film containing a cellulose acylate and a hindered amine compound in an amount of at least 0.01% by mass relative to the cellulose acylate, and, as laminated on the cellulose acylate film, an active energy ray-curable layer, wherein the hindered amine compound has a piperidine skeleton represented by the following formula (1): wherein X represents an alkyl or aryl group; Y represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent; R1 to R4 represent an alkyl group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2011
    Publication date: April 12, 2012
    Applicant: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Nobutaka Fukagawa, Masaki Noro
  • Patent number: 8153259
    Abstract: There is provided a ceramic sheet product having a binder layer separately formed in a lower portion thereof to increase stackability and to reduce generation of pores after binder burnout, and a method thereof. The ceramic sheet product includes a binder layer formed of a binder resin; and a ceramic green sheet form on the binder layer. This reduces an amount of high polymer binder in a ceramic slurry, increasing a ceramic powder fraction. Due to such a high density of the green sheet, the number of pores formed after the binder burnout is very small, which decreases volume shrinkage and increases density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Beom Joon Cho
  • Publication number: 20120082717
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a complex, wherein micelles and/or liposomes dispersed in hyaluronic acids and/or hyaluronic acid derivatives, with a drug and/or functional material loaded in the micelles and/or the liposomes. The complex can release the drug and/or functional material in a controlled manner. Also, a multilayer using the complex, and a device coated with the multilayer are disclosed herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Publication date: April 5, 2012
    Applicants: SNU R&DB FOUNDATION, ILJIN MATERIALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Kook Heon Char, Sai Bom Park, Jin Hwa Seo, Sang Beom Kim, Chong Su Seo
  • Patent number: 8147979
    Abstract: The invention relates to an adhesive system comprising starch and one or more polymers (P) containing acetoacetoxy groups. It further relates to a method of producing an adhesive composition comprising starch and one or more polymers (P) containing acetoacetoxy groups. The invention further relates to a method of producing a wood based product such as a laminated or veneered material, or a particle board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: AKZO Nobel Coatings International B.V.
    Inventors: Farideh Khabbaz, Anders Per Eriksson, Joanna Fare, Anna Kristina Furberg
  • Patent number: 8137818
    Abstract: Herein disclosed is a composition containing from about 5 weight parts to about 50 weight parts of a branched polylactic acid; from about 50 weight parts to about 95 weight parts of water; and from about 0.1 weight parts to about 1 weight part of a first surfactant. The composition can be coated onto a substrate containing paper or paperboard and having a first surface and a second surface, to form a paper product having oil, grease, and moisture resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas LLC
    Inventors: Michael D. Harrison, Geoffrey A. R. Nobes, Penelope A. Patton, Shiji Shen, Henk Westerhof
  • Publication number: 20120058356
    Abstract: The formulation for making plasterboard with paper cover sheets comprises finely divided gypsum, a minor amount by weight of starch and, as crosslinking agent for the starch, a tri-functional reactive s-triazine having substituents at positions 2, 4 and 6 of the triazine ring which are reactive with the starch. A preferred crosslinking agent is 2,4,6-trichloro-s-triazine, which is preferably partially reacted with the starch before further reaction with the paper cover sheets for the plaster board.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2009
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: BPB Limited
    Inventors: Agnes Smith, Thierry Chotard, Cyrielle S. Dupas, Ian Wilkes
  • Publication number: 20120045594
    Abstract: The present invention provides a coating composition and a coating film, which comprises a) a binder resin containing a UV-curable functional group; b) a compound containing a fluorine UV-curable functional group; c) a photoinitiator; d) nano-sized particles; and e) conductive inorganic particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2011
    Publication date: February 23, 2012
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Yeong-Rae Chang, Joon-Koo Kang, Kyung-Ki Hong, Soon-Hwa Jung, Hye-Min Kim, Soo-Kyoung Lee, Eun-Sang Yoo, Sung-Su Kim, Young-Jun Hong, Ju-Young Kim
  • Publication number: 20120034482
    Abstract: A flexible planar carrier bears an aerosol-producing fire extinguishing composition. The carrier can be an integral part of the composition when saturated with a solution that, upon combustion of the prepared carrier, produces fire extinguishing aerosol, or can bear the composition, providing structural support and/or thermal insulation, depending on requirements of the specific application. The carrier may have a thermal insulating layer applied on the mounting side, insulating the mounting surface and the prepared material, and may further have a hydrophobic layer applied at least on its active surface. The flexible planar carrier enables a stable, workable application of the composition to be easily deployed along any planar surface, providing instant low-impact extinguishment of flames over a wide area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2010
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Inventors: Zachary Joseph Zeliff, Liana Vladimirovna Loveless, Stanislav Vladimirovich Kutsel
  • Publication number: 20120034836
    Abstract: A plaster slurry composition includes plaster, water and starch, the starch having a Brookfield viscosity of less than 60 cps at a temperature below 60° C. and a Brookfield viscosity greater than 10,000 cps at a temperature of 70° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Applicant: LAFARGE PLATRES
    Inventors: Michel RIGAUDON, Frédéric Peronnet
  • Patent number: 8105391
    Abstract: Provided herein are a method, which comprises implanting in a patient an implantable device comprising a coating that includes a PEGylated hyaluronic acid and a PEGylated non-hyaluronic acid biocompatible polymer and the methods of use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Lothar W. Kleiner, Connie S. Kwok
  • Patent number: 8101253
    Abstract: The present invention relates to biodegradable multiphase compositions characterized in that they comprise three phases: (a) a continuous phase composed of a matrix of at least one tough hydrophobic polymer incompatible with the starch; (b) a nanoparticulate dispersed starch phase with mean dimensions of less than 0.3 ?m, (c) a further dispersed phase of at least one rigid and fragile polymer with modulus greater than 1000 MPa. Such compositions having a Modulus greater than 300 MPa and a substantial isotropy in the two longitudinal and transverse directions in relation to tear propagation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Novamont S.p.A.
    Inventors: Catia Bastioli, Giovanni Floridi, Gianfranco Del Tredici
  • Publication number: 20120015176
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention relate to a biolaminate composite assembly, including one or more biolaminate layers, a non-plastic rigid substrate and an adhesive layer in contact with the substrate and the one or more biolaminate layers. The substrate is laminated or formed to the one or more biolaminate layers. Embodiments also relate to methods of making a biolaminate composite assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Publication date: January 19, 2012
    Inventors: Michael J. Riebel, Milton Riebel, Ryan W. Riebel
  • Publication number: 20120009231
    Abstract: A method for deposition of functional coatings comprises igniting a non-thermal equilibrium plasma within an ambient pressure plasma chamber having a gas supply inlet and a plasma outlet; and providing a substrate to be coated adjacent to the plasma outlet. A gas phase pre-cursor monomer is provided to the plasma chamber through the gas inlet. A specific energy is coupled into the plasma during the flow of the pre-cursor through the chamber sufficient to disassociate at least the weakest intra-molecular bond required to allow polymerisation of the pre-cursor when deposited on a surface of the substrate adjacent the plasma outlet, the coupled specific energy not exceeding a specific energy required break intra-molecular bonds required for the functionality of the monomer molecule.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2010
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Inventors: Anthony Herbert, Justyna Jaroszynska-Wolinska, Liam O'Neill
  • Publication number: 20120009377
    Abstract: A process and system for making a laminated surface covering and the surface covering itself are described. The covering includes several layers bonded to each other. The system performs the process. One example of the process includes passing a first material across a first conveyor, passing a second material across a second conveyor, passing a bonding material across a third conveyor, contacting the first material and the second material to the bonding material, and heating at least one of the first material and the second material. The process also includes introducing the first material, the second material, and the bonding material into a pressure zone such that the bonding material is introduced between a bottom surface of the first material and a top surface of the second material. The process applies pressure to bond the first material and second material together via the bonding material to produce a laminated material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: ECORE INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Arthur B. DODGE, III, John McFalls
  • Publication number: 20120003271
    Abstract: A biocompatible polymer mixture for use as a matrix for cellular attachment includes a mixture of at least two polymers selected from the group consisting of: chitosan (CS), polyethylenimine (PEI), poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA), poly(D-lactic acid) (PDLA), poly(2-hydroxy ethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA), poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL), poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc), poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO), poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid)] (PHB), cellulose acetate (CA), poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM). Implants making use of the polymer mixtures can support cell attachment, growth and differentiation, and tissue regeneration in vivo.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 1, 2009
    Publication date: January 5, 2012
    Applicant: The University Court of th University of Edinburgh
    Inventors: Mark Bradley, Ferdous Khan, Richard O.C. Oreffo, Rahul Shrikant Tare
  • Patent number: 8075965
    Abstract: Elastomeric film-like products such as natural latex gloves are coated with novel lubricity compositions and compositions which protect the skin of the wearer from certain undesirable medical conditions. In powder-coated gloves, the coating composition comprises rice starch, and optionally USP-grade colloidal oatmeal in pharmaceutically accepted concentration. In powder-free gloves, the coating composition comprises colloidal oatmeal enhanced water or beta glucan solution, optionally in combination with one or more other starch components. Colloidal oatmeal enhanced water, and methods of making the colloidal oatmeal enhanced water are also disclosed. In addition, beta glucan solution, and methods of making the beta glucan solution are also disclosed. A liquid referred to herein as Polycoat may also be made by mixing colloidal oatmeal enhanced water with beta glucan solution, and the resulting liquid may be applied to elastomeric articles such as gloves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: The Idea Folder, LLC
    Inventors: Joseph H. Neuser, Larry M. Olson, Daniel W. Olson
  • Publication number: 20110300394
    Abstract: In one or more embodiments, the present disclosure provides for a process for preparing a dispersion of starch particles in an aqueous liquid. In one or more embodiments, the process includes introducing a feed starch and the aqueous liquid into a rotor stator mixer, maintaining the feed starch and the aqueous liquid in the rotor stator mixer at a temperature ranging from a gelation temperature to less than a solubilization temperature, and shearing the feed starch into starch particles with the rotor stator mixer to form the dispersion of starch particles in the aqueous liquid. In one or more embodiments, the starch particles produced by this process have an average particle size diameter of no larger than 2 micrometers and the dispersion has 20 to 65 weight percent of the starch particles based on a total weight of the dispersion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Applicant: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: Gregory W. Welsch, Brian J. Ninness, Michael D. Read, Timothy J. Young, Michal E. Matteucci, David E. Hammond, Liang Hong
  • Publication number: 20110300386
    Abstract: The invention is a building construction sheathing panel which employs a two component system, which is comprised of semi-flexible or rigid FRP laminate, adhered or otherwise affixed to a thicker and usually more rigid material such as fiber cement board, cement board, magnesium oxide board or calcium silicate board. The hybrid sheathing panel is then used to build structures in either the conventional “stick framing method” or used as a facer or “skin” in insulated or non insulated panels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2011
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Inventor: Johnny Roger Pardue, JR.
  • Patent number: 8071224
    Abstract: A decorative board in the present invention includes: a core layer constituted by a prepreg impregnated with a slurry containing (a) an organic resin component including a phenol-formaldehyde resin and an amino-formaldehyde resin, (b) one or more selected from a group consisting of carbonate, silica, talc and fly ash, and (c) a metal hydroxide; and a decorative layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Aica Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Iwasaki, Koshi Suzuki, Akitomo Yokoi, Masataka Yasui
  • Publication number: 20110293851
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for creating a substrate for printed or coated functionality. The method comprises obtaining a base web substrate comprising cellulose and/or wood fibres, coating the base web substrate with a barrier layer, and coating the barrier layer with a top coat layer comprising mineral and/or pigment particles. The invention relates also to a substrate for printed or coated functionality, comprising a base web substrate layer comprising cellulose and/or wood fibres, a barrier layer, coated on the base web substrate layer, and a top coat layer comprising mineral and/or pigment particles, coated on the barrier layer. The invention relates also to a functional device and its use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2006
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Inventors: Roger Bollström, Anni Määttänen, Petri Ihalainen, Martti Toivakka, Jouko Peltonen
  • Publication number: 20110293932
    Abstract: Nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) obtained by sulfuric acid hydrolysis is used as an adhesive. Aqueous suspensions of NCC in acid form H-NCC or in a neutralized form in which protons of the acid form are replaced by a monovalent cation such as sodium ion are adhesives.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2011
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Applicant: FPINNOVATIONS
    Inventors: Zhi-Hua JIANG, Richard BERRY, Jean BOUCHARD, André AUDET
  • Publication number: 20110287273
    Abstract: A method for making a water-degradable paper sheet involves the following: providing at least one strip of a water-soluble binding material in the form of a dry film; providing at least two strips each made of at least one ply of cellulose wadding; placing the strip of water-soluble binding material between the two strips of cellulose wadding; humidifying, assembling and pressing the three strips; and drying the complex strip thus obtained. The sheet thus obtained can be used for making a roll carrier mandrel by helically winding one or more strips from the sheet about a cylinder. Articles produced from the sheet can particularly be used in the field of products for sanitary or domestic use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: Georgia-Pacific France
    Inventors: Nicolas Weisang, Frederic Roesch, Benoit Hoeft
  • Publication number: 20110287275
    Abstract: A process comprising treating a lignocellulosic material preferably pulp in the presence of a transition metal catalyst with a oxidizing agent selected from a group consisting of hydrogen peroxide, hypochlorite, hypochlorous acid and any combination thereof to form a treated lignocellulosic material having a viscosity equal to or less than about 17 cp and having reducing functional groups selected from the group consisting of aldehyde and aldehyde type functional groups at the C6 and C1 positions but predominating at the C1 position.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2011
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPANY
    Inventors: ZHENG TAN, DAMARIS LORENZONI, GOPAL GOYAL, SEN YANG
  • Publication number: 20110281130
    Abstract: An arylcyclohexene-free or low-arylcyclohexene aqueous polymer dispersion and processes for the preparation thereof by free radical emulsion polymerization from at least three different monomer types are described. A monomeric vinylaromatic compound, a monomeric conjugated aliphatic diene and a monomeric ethylenically unsaturated acid are copolymerized in an aqueous medium in the presence of a mercaptoalkylcarboxylic acid ester of a C2- to C4-carboxylic acid and without alkyl mercaptan as a molecular weight regulator. The polymer dispersion can be used as a binder, adhesive, size for fibers, for the production of coverings or for the preparation of paper coating slips.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2010
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Elitsa Evstatieva, Dirk Lawrenz
  • Publication number: 20110281105
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polyelectrolyte-based nanostructured anticorrosion coating, comprising at least one main compartment which comprises: a polyelectrolyte multilayer (1) doped with at least one anticorrosion agent (4), and an upper multilayer (2a) acting as a barrier to the diffusion of the dopants, and whose upper surface corresponds to the upper surface of the main compartment, and optionally one or more secondary compartments, each comprising: a polyelectrolyte multilayer (8; 11) doped with at least one functional agent other than an anticorrosion agent, and an upper multilayer (2b; 2c) acting as a barrier to the diffusion of the dopants, and whose upper surface corresponds to the upper surface of the secondary compartment. The invention also relates to a structure comprising a metallic substrate and such a coating, and also to its use in the aeronautical or aerospace field and to the process for preparing it.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 8, 2009
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicants: Universite Catholique De Louvain, Euro. Aeronautic Defence and Space Co. Eads France
    Inventors: Elisa Campazzi, Alain Jonas, Bernard Nysten, Cedric Burhin
  • Publication number: 20110275261
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composition which, when mixed with a polymer composition, allows for the formation of a continuous and cohesive film. The film is characterized in that it provides water, grease and oil resistance, provides a water vapour barrier and can be used as wax replacement treatment and a top coat for flexible packaging, but also on other substrates. This film is formed at a very fast set speed without the need of thermal energy. The composition contains i) a salt of one or more of myristic, palmitic and stearic acid; and preferably also ii) a C9-C18 fatty acid complex of a metal ion, said metal ion having an oxidation state of at least 3. The invention also provides processes and coated substrates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Inventors: Francois Dandenault, Djamel Baghdad Daidj, Serge Berube
  • Publication number: 20110273646
    Abstract: A protective film to a polarizer including a cellulose acylate and satisfying the following requirement (1) or (2): (1): The surface of the film has a pH of from 3.0 to 4.5. (2): The surface of the film has a pH of more than 4.5 and at most 6.0, and the film has a moisture permeability of at least 2800 g/m2·day.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2011
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Applicant: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Nobutaka Fukagawa, Yu Naito, Masato Nagura, Yoshio Ishii
  • Publication number: 20110268947
    Abstract: A method of making a molded part, including adding a fungal inoculum with a liquid aggregate to form a mixture. The mixture is inserted into a mold cavity. The mold cavity is covered with a cover. Live mycelium is grown from the mixture that fills the mold cavity and physically couples with the cover. The live mycelium is heated to terminate further growth and develop a composite component made of mycelium and the cover.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Inventors: Charles Alan Rocco, Raymond Edward Kalisz
  • Publication number: 20110268980
    Abstract: A method of making a molded part, including forming a liquid aggregate. A fungal inoculum and the liquid aggregate are inserted into a mold cavity. A portion of an object is inserted into the mold cavity. The fungal inoculum is grown into live mycelium that operably couples with the object. The mycelium is heated to terminate further growth and develop a composite part made of mycelium and the object.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Inventors: Raymond Edward Kalisz, Charles Alan Rocco
  • Publication number: 20110268916
    Abstract: The invention is a structural insulated panel that can be utilized as a building panel. The structural insulated panel has a two part skin system, comprising a semi-flexible or rigid FRP laminate that is adhered to a thicker and usually more rigid material such as cement board or magnesium oxide board. The double skin is adhered to one or both sides of a core material that can comprise one or more plastic foams, natural materials, honeycomb, paper, plastic and aluminum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Inventor: Johnny Roger Pardue, JR.
  • Patent number: 8048466
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to monolayer, bilayer, and multilayer films made from fruit, vegetable or a combination thereof, which films have the thinness, strength, flexibility, and crispness to serve as alternates or substitutes for seaweed-based films such as nori, while providing the nutrition and flavor of fruits and vegetables. The films are useful for wrapping around a multiplicity of foods, and can be used to provide wrapped foods, including for example fruit and vegetable wrapped sushi and onigiri.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignees: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Tara H. McHugh, Matthew D. de Bord, Carl W. Olsen
  • Publication number: 20110258956
    Abstract: A construction panel that contains polymer and natural plant fiber. The construction panel has an upper portion in which the polymer is recycled, and a lower portion in which the polymer is not contaminated. The upper portion may contain a large proportion of fire retardant material, so as to increase the burn-through rate. The construction panel can carry a low emissivity covering in non-exposed portions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2011
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Inventor: Colin Felton
  • Patent number: 8043714
    Abstract: A method of producing a transparent thermoplastic film comprising transversely stretching a film by 1% to 200%, wherein a ratio (Lc/Wc) of a clutch length (Lc) of a chuck to a clutch depth (Wc) of the chuck in the transverse stretching zone is in the range of 3 to 50.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Kiyokazu Hashimoto
  • Patent number: 8043679
    Abstract: The present invention relates to biodegradable multiphase compositions comprising a continuous phase composed of a matrix of at least one tough hydrophobic polymer incompatible with the starch and a nanoparticulate dispersed starch phase with mean dimensions of less than 0.25 m. The compositions are characterized by breaking load, Young's Modulus and breaking energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Novamont S.p.A.
    Inventors: Catia Bastioli, Giovanni Floridi, Gianfranco Del Tredici
  • Publication number: 20110253584
    Abstract: A scratch-and-sniff coating is provided comprised of a first coating on a substrate having a water- and heat-resistant second coating thereon, the first coating being comprised of a non-encapsulated flavor/fragrance component and a polysaccharide component, and the second coating comprised of a shellac component. The scratch-and-sniff coating is made by forming a first coating comprised of a non-encapsulated flavor/fragrance component and a polysaccharide component and drying the first coating, and forming a water- and heat-resistant shellac-containing second coating on the first coating, and drying the second coating. An encapsulated flavor/fragrance component may optionally be present in the first coating. The scratch-and-sniff coating can be applied to a package for a consumer article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2010
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Inventor: Biao DUAN
  • Publication number: 20110250807
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a fiber composite material of construction, comprising in order (i)-(iii) (i) a first fiber composite layer; (ii) a cork layer; (iii) a second fiber composite layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2011
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventor: Michael KALBE
  • Patent number: 8029902
    Abstract: Bactericidal substrates and methods of functionalizing the surface of substrates with quaternary ammonium and quaternary phosphonium groups using non-equilibrium RF plasmas are provided. The methods include the step of treating the surface of a substrate with a plasma to create surface active sites. Some methods include the step of reacting the surface active sites with linker molecules, which are then reacted with quaternary ammonium precursor molecules to provide a substrate surface functionalized with quaternary ammonium precursor groups. Other methods react the surface active sites with polymer precursor molecules under plasma conditions to form a covalently-bound polymer layer having reactive sites. The polymer reactive sites are reacted with quaternary phosphonium precursor molecules to provide a substrate surface functionalized with quaternary phosphonium groups. Also provided are bactericidal substrates having immobilized, covalently-bound quaternary ammonium or quaternary phosphonium groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Ferencz S. Denes, Sorin Odisei Manolache, Luis Emilio Cruz-Barba, Alvaro de Jesus Martinez-Gomez
  • Patent number: 8025978
    Abstract: A multilayered board including a material board having a visible surface coated with at least one paper layer impregnated with resin. The multilayered board includes a material board, at least one paper layer structured to coat the material board, and a resin layer structured to impregnate the at least one paper layer, wherein the resin layer is arranged to face away from the material board and have an average layer thickness of at least 5 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: KAINDL FLOORING GmbH
    Inventor: Herbert Ruhdorfer
  • Patent number: 8017249
    Abstract: Herein disclosed is a composition containing a thinned starch having from about 0.1 wt % to about 10 wt % substitution with a hydrophobic substituent wherein, after cooking at from about 15% solids to about 30% solids, the composition has a viscosity of about 1000 cps at 35° C. Also disclosed herein is a paper product containing a substrate containing paper or paperboard and having a first surface and a second surface and a coating applied at least to substantially the entire first surface of the substrate, wherein the coating contains a thinned starch having from about 0.1 wt % to about 10 wt % substitution with a hydrophobic substituent wherein, after cooking at from about 15% solids to about 30% solids, the coating has a viscosity of about 1000 cps at 35° C., wherein the paper product contains from about 5 lb starch to about 500 lb starch per ton of substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Tate & Lyle Ingredients Americas LLC
    Inventor: Patricia S. Tippit
  • Publication number: 20110217523
    Abstract: The present invention relates to wallpaper and a method for manufacturing the same. The wallpaper may be manufactured at low energy and low costs regardless of an increase in oil price and does not produce greenhouse gases and hazardous substances in the course of manufacture, use or disposal, or during fire. In addition, the wallpaper can decompose readily in the natural environment, even when buried.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Publication date: September 8, 2011
    Applicant: LG HAUSYS, LTD.
    Inventors: Cheng Zhe Huang, Si Young Lee, Phan Seok Kim
  • Patent number: 8003206
    Abstract: An optical laminate is provided, which prevents the occurrence of interface reflection and interference fringes at the interface between a light transparent base material and an antistatic layer has been effectively prevented. The optical laminate includes a light transparent base material and an antistatic layer and a hardcoat layer provided in that order on the light transparent base material. The hardcoat layer is formed on the antistatic layer using a composition for a hardcoat layer including a resin and a penetrative solvent. The penetrative solvent penetrates into the antistatic layer and the light transparent base material so that the antistatic agent contained in the antistatic layer disperses into the antistatic layer or the light transparent base material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masataka Nakashima, Takeshi Hirai, Norinaga Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8003224
    Abstract: A method for producing a cellulose acylate composition, which comprises filtering a solution in which cellulose acylate satisfying the following formulae 1 to 3 and having melt viscosity of 150 to 1000 Pa·s at 230° C. is dissolved in a solvent through a filter having a retention particle size of 0.1 to 40 ?m, and mixing the filtered solution with a poor solvent to reprecipitate cellulose acylate: 1.5?A+B?3??Formula 1 0?A?2.0??Formula 2 1.0?B?3??Formula 3 where A is a substitution degree for an acetyl group of a hydrogen atom which constitutes a hydroxyl group of cellulose, and B is a substitution degree for an acyl group having 3 to 7 carbon atoms of a hydrogen atom which constitutes a hydroxyl group of cellulose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventor: Toyohisa Oya
  • Patent number: 7998888
    Abstract: A melt-extruded substrate (e.g., film, nonwoven web, etc.) that contains a thermoplastic starch formed from a starch and plasticizer is provided. The starch and plasticizer are melt blended together in the presence of a weak organic acid (e.g., lactic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, etc.). By selectively controlling certain parameters of the melt blending process (e.g., extrusion temperature, content of the components, etc.), the present inventors have discovered that the starch may be hydrolyzed in a highly efficient manner to form compositions having a comparably lower weight average molecular weight, polydispersity index, and viscosity, which are particularly suitable for use in the formation of melt-extruded substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Bo Shi, James H. Wang
  • Patent number: 7998590
    Abstract: An adhesive article comprising a backing and an adhesive layer disposed on at least one side of the backing, wherein the adhesive layer is formed from an adhesive base that contains substantially no gelatin and does contain readily soluble agar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Seiichiro Tsuru, Tomoyuki Hinotani, Tetsurou Hinotani, legal representative, Akiko Hinotani, legal representative, Masatoshi Kita
  • Publication number: 20110195627
    Abstract: A deformable structure for automotive interior components includes a substrate and a cushion element. The cushion element is disposed over the substrate. The cushion element includes a fiber section which has cellulosic fibers. The deformable structure also includes a cover disposed over the cushion element. A vehicle seat and trim laminate incorporating the deformable structure is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2008
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Applicant: LEAR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ashford Allen Galbreath, Pusheng Chen, Asad S. Ali
  • Patent number: 7989071
    Abstract: The invention relates to the improvement of organic electronic devices, especially organic electroluminescence devices, to which end inclusion compounds are used, especially as charge injection materials and/or charge transporting materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Philipp Stössel, Anja Gerhard, Horst Vestweber
  • Publication number: 20110183147
    Abstract: A method for functionalising a textile substrate made of a hydrophilic material in order to impart humidity transfer properties thereto, wherein the method includes the steps of: preparing a formulation of at least one hydrophobic material containing at least one group reacting under ionising radiation; forming a discontinuous layer using the formulation on a surface of the textile substrate; and applying an ionising radiation onto the discontinuous layer in order to graft the hydrophobic material on the surface of the substrate by the reaction of the reactive groups.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2009
    Publication date: July 28, 2011
    Applicant: LAINIERE DE PICARDIE BC
    Inventors: Claudine Colin, Guilhem Merenna
  • Patent number: 7981233
    Abstract: A method of forming a board suitable for use as container flooring uses bamboo and fast-growth low-density wood. The method includes the step of overlaying thin layers of high-density bamboo composites on surfaces of a core layer which can be the composite of wood veneer and wood strand-based composite, or wood veneer and bamboo stripe sheet composite. The benefits of bamboo and wood materials are combined to produce a bamboo-wood composite board having sufficient mechanical and physical strength and durability for use as container flooring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Alberta Innovates—Technology Futures
    Inventors: Rob Wellwood, Qisheng Zhang, Shenxue Jiang, Liheng Chen
  • Publication number: 20110171461
    Abstract: A high barrier film and method of forming a high barrier film. The film includes a biopolymer and metallization layers. A primer layer is applied to one of the metallization layer and the biopolymer layer and a nanocomposite barrier coating is disposed between the primer layer and the metallization layer. The film includes a second biopolymer layer and an adhesive layer, the adhesive layer disposed between the second biopolymer layer and the metallization layer, where the second biopolymer layer is adhered to at least one of the biopolymer layer, the metallization layer, the primer layer and the nanocomposite layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 7, 2011
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventors: James J. Sanfilippo, Jeanne M. Skaggs, Paul Georgelos
  • Publication number: 20110165411
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of a panel comprising ligno-cellulose particles such as a strand-like particles, comprising the steps of treating ligno-cellulose particles at least partially covered with epicuticular wax (2) with ozone (7) at a temperature of at least 30 degrees Celsius, mixing the resulting product with an water-based adhesive resin composition to obtain a resinated particle composition, and pressing and at least partially curing the resinated particle composition to obtain a panel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Publication date: July 7, 2011
    Inventors: Johannes Gerardus Hubertus Marie Housmans, Hubertus Marie Christine Stijnen