Composting Apparatus Patents (Class 435/290.1)
  • Patent number: 10654735
    Abstract: A wastewater treatment system includes a contact tank having a first inlet configured to receive wastewater to be treated, a second inlet configured to receive activated sludge, and an outlet, a dissolved air flotation unit having an inlet in fluid communication with the outlet of the contact tank, a biological treatment unit having a first inlet in fluid communication with an effluent outlet of the dissolved air flotation unit and an outlet, an anaerobic digester having an inlet and an outlet, a floated solids conduit providing fluid communication between the solids outlet of the dissolved air flotation unit and the inlet of the anaerobic digester, and a thickener having an inlet in fluid communication with the outlet of the anaerobic digester, a first outlet in fluid communication with the inlet of the anaerobic digester, and a second outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
    Inventor: George W. Smith
  • Patent number: 10400204
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a food waste recycling appliance having a hollow reservoir which can collect liquid generated during a cycle of operation, drain the collected liquid, and provide an air flow path for the removal of odors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: Whirlpool Corporation
    Inventors: Akshay Bhandari, Thomas L. Burger, Rachel Maghas
  • Patent number: 10173493
    Abstract: An air extraction system is provided for a motor vehicle. That air extraction system includes an air extractor having an air flow control valve and an actuator operatively connected to the air flow control valve. Further the system includes a controller configured to activate the actuator and open the air flow control valve when a closure of the motor vehicle is opened thereby mitigating a vacuum-effect otherwise created in the passenger cabin of the motor vehicle. Such a system is particularly effective in mitigating moon roof draw down on moon roof equipped motor vehicles. A related method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Donald P. Iacovoni, Howard Paul Tsvi Linden, Paul L. Heirtzler, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9822043
    Abstract: A system for the continuous production of a liquid fertilizer is provided. The system operates by feeding a compost material at a continuous rate to an extractor. The extractor uses a belt system to convey the compost along a path. Sprayers above the belt spray water or similar liquid water based substance onto the compost. The water absorbs nutrients and other components of the compost and is then drained through the belt to a receptacle to store the liquid fertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Inventor: Kevin Gunn
  • Patent number: 9499449
    Abstract: An aerated compost tea brewer (ACTB) is an apparatus for brewing compost tea from an aqueous compost mixture using either or both air and water pumps to circulate and aerate compost tea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Inventor: Russell Allen Stacy
  • Patent number: 9474214
    Abstract: A planter in the form of a tower planter having an internal vertical composting capability is provided. The planter has a hollow, vertical, outer cylindrical barrel with a plurality of openings formed about its cylindrical side. A hollow inner cylindrical composting tube having a plurality of perforations formed in its cylindrical wall is provided. The space formed between the inner tube and barrel wall is filled with growing medium. The inner tube is filled with compost material. A removable container is placed at the bottom of the tube and barrel, said container adapted to capture water draining out from the tube and barrel, as well as periodically receiving compost from the compost tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Inventor: Colin Cudmore
  • Patent number: 9040289
    Abstract: A composting system is provided that uses gravity and natural thermal convection to yield a compact, modular, plug-flow compost reactor requiring minimal aeration and agitation energy. The compost reaction takes place in a self-supporting containment unit which is mounted at an angle with respect to its supporting base pad such that minimal external energy is required to mix and transport the composting material during its residence time within the container. The system uses natural convection to supplement external energy in the introduction of air into and through the material. Furthermore, the configuration of the containment unit and its supporting structures allow rapid deployment of compost facilities with minimal permanent civil work and minimal space requirements in a manner that enables subsequent relocation of the equipment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: BacTee Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Don V. Mathsen, Calvin R. Tininenko, Rodney J. Kleven, Evan P. Andrist
  • Patent number: 9029125
    Abstract: The method and apparatus according to the present invention concentrate the formation of the biotechnical product to active site in the reactor, where the production is accelerated to extreme speeds by altering the conditions. To achieve this, anabolic, catabolic or overflow metabolic reactions can be utilized. The aim is to implement production so that carbon dioxide emissions in particular are minimized The products are e.g. 2,3-butanediol, butanol, ethanol, acetone, organic acids, methane or hydrogen gas and other fuels or compounds necessary for chemical or material production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Inventor: Eino Elias Hakalehto
  • Publication number: 20150121978
    Abstract: A garbage to fertilizer conversion system for converting garbage to fertilizer. The garbage to fertilizer conversion system generally includes a processing machine that separates the garbage into compostable and non-compostable materials. A magnetic separator removes ferromagnetic materials from the compostable material. An auger assembly moves and discharges the compostable material to form a pile. A heater is located under the pile to heat the pile and form a composted material. A three stage screen separates the composted material into three sizes. A dryer receives the composted material and discharges a dried composted material. A trommel screen separates the dried composted material into a small sized material useable as fertilizer and a medium sized material useable as potting soil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Edward J. Johannesson, Madison A. Phillips
  • Patent number: 9012210
    Abstract: A mixing vessel (10) for containing a liquid, comprises a chamber having a lower chamber portion and an upper chamber portion wider than the lower portion, gas inlet means (14) for supplying gas to the lower portion and means for redirecting rising gas (24), such that, in use, rising gas in the form of bubbles, initially rises substantially vertically and is redirected in a substantially horizontal direction by the means for redirecting rising gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Cellexus Limited
    Inventor: Kevin Andrew Auton
  • Publication number: 20150101375
    Abstract: The present invention provided a compact anaerobic digestion system to converts household waste biomass materials to methane rich biogas and concentrated compost slurry of about 9 to 40% solids for agriculture soil applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventor: Vattackatt Balakrishnan Manilal
  • Patent number: 8980623
    Abstract: A mixing vessel (10) for containing a liquid, comprises a chamber having a lower chamber portion and an upper chamber portion wider than the lower portion, gas inlet means (14) for supplying gas to the lower portion and means for redirecting rising gas (24), such that, in use, rising gas in the form of bubbles, initially rises substantially vertically and is redirected in a substantially horizontal direction by the means for redirecting rising gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Cellexus Limited
    Inventor: Kevin Andrew Auton
  • Patent number: 8961281
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a ventilation group that is capable of causing reversal of a gas flow according to two opposite directions, and that can be applied, in particular, to plants for the aerobic treatment of organic wastes through a phase of fermentation/bio-oxidation performed by means of forced air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Entsorgafin S.p.A.
    Inventors: Pietro Paolo Cella Mazzariol, Gianfrancesco Galanzino
  • Publication number: 20150044159
    Abstract: The use of a malodor control composition in a home composting appliance helps to eliminate malodor emitting from compostable materials contained in the appliance during the composting process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jennifer Melissa Ross DEVINE, Brent William MASON
  • Patent number: 8951787
    Abstract: An apparatus for decomposing kitchen waste by the use of vermiculture includes a container. A conduit is disposed along a bottom of the container and is attached to a spigot that exits from the container. A plurality of fluid collection openings are arranged in spaced-apart rows along a bottom of the conduit and in a cluster proximate the spigot. Gravel or other means for producing a volume for the collection of an effluent is provided along the bottom of the container up to the uppermost height of the conduit, which is sloped downward toward the spigot. A screen is placed over the conduit and gravel. A starter material is placed over the screen and provides a habitat for a preferred species of earthworm which are then added.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventor: Lindsay Paul O'Donnell
  • Publication number: 20150037878
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein disclose a system for brewing compost tea. The system includes a bucket that has an opening and a handle. A lid defining a plurality of holes and is configured to cover the opening in the bucket. An air pump is coupled to the lid. At least one air hose is coupled to the air pump and received through one of the holes. At least one air stone is coupled to the at least one air hose. The air pump is operable to cause air bubbles to be expelled from the at least one air stone to facilitate aeration of a compost tea mixture contained by the bucket.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventor: John Musser
  • Patent number: 8940529
    Abstract: A composting apparatus comprising a container for receiving material to be composted a base member in the apparatus for supporting material to be composted and the compost when formed, the base having a curved lower wall and an upper opening to define a volume for receiving a drainage medium, a leachate chamber formed in the wall so that when leachate forms, the leachate is able to flow through the medium into the chamber; and an outlet from the chamber for supplying the leachate to the outside of the container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Global Environment Management (FZC)
    Inventor: Michael Morrison
  • Patent number: 8940530
    Abstract: A composter having a downwardly open container (1) which stands on the ground (2) and has a filling opening which is arranged on the top side and can be closed by a lid (9). An unventilated upper chamber (10), which is arranged beneath the filling opening, opens laterally into a ventilated vertical shaft (13) which extends downward in the container (1) and is bounded at the lower end by a horizontally arranged lower plate (14) which is arranged between the shaft (13) and a downwardly open, ventilated lower chamber (17) which reaches down as far as the lower end of the container (1), and next to which in the container casing there is arranged a closable lateral removal opening. The lower plate (14) can be pivoted about a horizontal pivot (15) and is coupled to a movement mechanism which is to be actuated by hand and has a handle (18) arranged on the outside of the container (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventor: Heinrich Wüster
  • Patent number: 8927266
    Abstract: There is provided a garbage separating apparatus including an input unit having an inlet opening through which garbage is input, a crushing unit configured to crush garbage input through the inlet opening, a filtering chamber having an outlet opening and a perforation member provided with a plurality of holes for allowing separation of the garbage crushed by the crushing unit, a food waste collection chamber for accommodating, among the crushed garbage, food waste having passed through the perforation member, and a sweeper device configured to move, among the crushed garbage, impurity garbage remaining on the perforation member to the outlet opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Inventor: Chun Il Koh
  • Publication number: 20140377855
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods and apparatuses for producing Class A biosolids. In yet another embodiment, the invention relates to a method comprising digesting waster material by anaerobic digestion, and yielding Class A biosolids. In still yet another embodiment, the invention relates to a system for anaerobic digestion of waste material to produce Class A biosolids. In still yet another embodiment, the invention relates to a system for anaerobic digestion of waste material comprising a mixing chamber, a digester, a heating pit, and an effluent pit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventor: Stephen W. Dvorak
  • Patent number: 8883484
    Abstract: The invention provides a method and system for processing organic matter that is produced in a poultry farm. The organic matter produced by the plurality of birds is removed from one or more containers that house the plurality of birds. The method further includes treating a first amount of organic matter of the organic matter in a thermal processor to produce inorganic matter. Thereafter, the inorganic matter and a second amount of organic matter of the organic matter are consumed in one or more photo bioreactors for growing one or more photosynthesis organisms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST)
    Inventor: Mazen A. Ba-Abbad
  • Patent number: 8871501
    Abstract: A rotating drum that is made from a plurality of panels that are connected to form sub-cylinders that, in turn, are connected to form a drum cylinder. Drum heads are connected at both ends of the drum cylinders. The drum may be rotated using rotational means. In one preferred embodiment the rotational means is a tangential rotational drive system that engages drive tires that are positioned between sub-cylinders. A method for fabricating rotating drums. A business method of mass production of and/or distribution of rotating drums.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Inventor: Rick Claypool
  • Publication number: 20140311198
    Abstract: An apparatus (10) for the pressurised recirculation of organic material comprising a reactor vessel (12) capable of being pressurised and in which both anaerobic digestion and aerobic composting of organic material may occur, the reactor vessel (12) having both an inlet (14) and an outlet (16) for organic material, together with a conveyor means (18, 20, 22, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34 and 36) to convey organic material to the inlet (14) and from the outlet (16), whereby organic material may be transferred between the outlet (16) and the inlet (14) to achieve recirculation and rearrangement thereof whilst maintaining a pressurised state. A method for the pressurised recirculation of organic material is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: AnaeCO LIMITED
    Inventors: Janusz Krzysztof Fulara, Martin Richard Gravett, Sean Neil Sciberras, Lee Richard Walker
  • Publication number: 20140314657
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatuses for anaerobic digestion of waste fibrous material and the recovery of nutrients are provided. Methods, systems, and apparatuses disclosed herein provide mechanisms to release dissolved gases from anaerobic digester effluent. Methods, systems and apparatuses disclosed herein can recover one or more nutrients from anaerobic digested effluent using a range of temperatures, aeration rates, aeration times, pH ranges, and settling times.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Quanbao Zhao, Stephen W. Dvorak, Shulin Chen, Craig Frear, Bryan J. VanLoo
  • Publication number: 20140308739
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for recovering thermal energy from boiler stack exhaust gases and using the thermal energy in biomaterial processing. The apparatus and method include means to improve the boiler's operation and reduce emission of certain regulated compounds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventor: Sue S. Schwartz
  • Publication number: 20140273127
    Abstract: The present invention relates to processes and systems for the production of fermentative products such as ethanol and butanol. The present invention also provides methods for separating feed stream components for improved biomass processing productivity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: BUTAMAX ADVANCED BIOFUELS LLC
    Inventors: Benjamin Fuchs, BRIAN MICHAEL ROESCH, MATHIAS E. STOLARSKI, JAMES GREGORY WOOD
  • Publication number: 20140273196
    Abstract: A renewable energy system includes a digester assembly having an outer tube with an input region and a digestion region. The input region extends above grade and is configured to receive liquid waste. At least a portion of the digestion region is positioned below grade and configured to receive the liquid waste and to anaerobically digest the liquid waste with microorganisms to supply renewable byproducts, such as methane, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and/or carbon dioxide-rich water. The digester assembly can include two or more deformable tubes that are configured to move liquid through the outer tube by alternatingly compressing one another. In one embodiment, the deformable tubes are configured to replenish waste liquid and to deliver liquid byproducts. In another embodiment, the deformable tubes are configured to exhaust air, such as for delivery of gas byproducts and fostering an anaerobic environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: MCALISTER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC.
    Inventor: Roy Edward McAlister
  • Publication number: 20140248395
    Abstract: Animal feeds comprising fungal mass and proteinaceous material and methods for bioconverting cellulosic materials to produce the same are described. Also described are apparatuses for use in the methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2012
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Inventor: John C Holliday
  • Publication number: 20140196512
    Abstract: A bio-chamber and a method of making organic fertilizer from poultry manure. The bio-chamber has a chamber body that defines a receiving chamber and an aeration chamber. The aeration chamber underlies the receiving chamber and is divided therefrom by a partition. The partition has a plurality of holes formed therein. An oxygen probe and a temperature probe are positioned inside the receiving chamber. An air blower is connected to the aeration chamber and is operable to blow air therein. The method comprises: mixing the poultry manure with a carbon carrier; loading the mixture into the receiving chamber; monitoring the temperature and the oxygen concentration of the mixture; aerating the mixture; and regulating the temperature and the oxygen concentration by adjusting the operation of the air blower. The temperature and oxygen concentration are regulated to provide conditions that permit aerobic bacteria to propagate and biodegrade the mixture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: 1867239 ONTARIO CORP.
    Inventor: Damira SHAIMUKHAMBETOVA
  • Patent number: 8772019
    Abstract: The proposed invention is an in-situ system for aerobic heat treatment of biodegradable organic waste, comprising a bioreactor made up of a dish-shaped decomposition chamber. The decomposition chamber has a lid at the top through which an air extraction device is connected. The air extraction device enables fresh air to enter the decomposition chamber and a preparation for a device supplies the biodegradable organic waste. The decomposition chamber is also connected to a system of pipes which convey a hot fluid from the supply tank into a plurality of minitubes located longitudinally on the inner perimeter of the decomposition chamber, and into a shaft that forms part of the mixing mechanism. A centrifugal pump conveys the same fluid, which is now “cold”, from inside the minitubes and shaft to a solar collector, to heat it, before delivering it to a storage tank for subsequent recirculation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey
    Inventor: Miguel Angel Lopez Zavala
  • Patent number: 8765449
    Abstract: A three stage, multiple phase anaerobic digestion system and method designed to separate the biological phases, optimize microbial activity in each phase, and significantly increase system reliability and energy production. The system physically separates the biological phases of anaerobic digestion based on particle size, particle density, and solubility of metabolic products. The system allows a complex multi-phased biological system to develop without the need for excessive control or operator intervention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Advanced Bio Energy Development LLC
    Inventor: William C Stewart
  • Publication number: 20140178959
    Abstract: Devices, systems and methods for increasing fermentation rates of microbes via biostimulation are provided. Electrodes are preferably positioned along an interior or exterior of a tube-shaped component to administer electromagnetic/electric pulses to a solution comprising a microbe. Systems can advantageously be used in new biofuels production plants, or in existing biofuels production plants without the need for significant retrofits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: COLORADO ENERGY RESEARCH TECHNOLOGIES
    Inventors: Wayne J. Powell, Robert D. Boehmer, Lee L. Johnson, Ken Swartz, Donald E. Lenci
  • Patent number: 8758472
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and system for producing electric power and fertiliser. The method comprises the steps of: (a) combusting biomass to produce energy for the generation of electric power and an exhaust gas; (b) producing a liquor from compounds extracted from the exhaust gas; and (c) producing a fertiliser by composting organic materials in the presence of the liquor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Ecosystems Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Charles William Douglas Blandy
  • Patent number: 8753876
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for recovering thermal energy from boiler stack exhaust gases and using the thermal energy in biomaterial processing. The apparatus and method include means to improve the boiler's operation and reduce emission of certain regulated compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Inventor: Andrew K. Schwartz, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20140154754
    Abstract: Described herein are methods and systems that can provide independent energy generation as well as systems for the generation of other useful products, such as chemicals. In addition, the systems and methods can provide ways of harnessing the potential of biomass feedstock to generate of multitude of products including green crude, biogas, electricity, heat, fatty acids, biodiesel, ammonia, and chemical products. In many cases, the systems and methods herein utilize anaerobic microorganisms, including aquatic and ruminant organisms, to digest material and create products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2009
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: Blue Marble Energy Corporation
    Inventor: James Stephens
  • Publication number: 20140154767
    Abstract: An hydrolysis stage of an anaerobic digestion (AD) process includes supercritical treatment in a reactor (R1). The treatment may use sub-stoichiometric oxygen so that there is not full oxidation. Effluent from the supercritical treatment may be used to pre-heat the organic matter in-feed to the supercritical treatment. There may be a second supercritical treatment in a second reactor (R2). This may have full stoichiometric oxygen, to oxidise the solids from the first reactor (R1) effluent. Furthermore, it provides heat for pre-heating its own in-feed and also that for the first reactor (R1). The output from the hydrolysis may be only clarified liquid, leading to particularly efficient downstream AD processes. The second supercritical treatment rector may oxidise also fed-back solids from the final stage of the AD.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: HOLLINGFORD LIMITED
    Inventor: John O'Regan
  • Publication number: 20140144195
    Abstract: In one aspect, a system for the production of fertilizer from organic waste comprises a microbial digester configured to digest the organic waste, wherein the digestion of the organic waste produces a digestate having a liquids component and a solids component. A spray dryer module is provided for receiving the digestate and reducing moisture content in the digestate to produce a substantially dry fertilizer product. In further aspects, methods and fertilizer compositions are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: NEO ENERGY, LLC
    Inventors: Anthony M. Callendrello, Frank W. Getman, JR., Robert T. Nicholson
  • Publication number: 20140147911
    Abstract: A prefabricated, multi-modal, bio-mimicry system that can be quickly deployed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Impact Bioenergy, Inc.
    Inventors: Jan Allen, Connor Folley, Thomas Kraemer
  • Patent number: 8728801
    Abstract: A rotary composter having a fuselage member where a drive system is configured to rotate the fuselage member where the end caps are substantially stationary and do not rotate and the fuselage member has a plurality of longitudinally extending slats contained therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Daritech, Inc.
    Inventor: Dave DeWaard
  • Patent number: 8728802
    Abstract: An improved apparatus and process for treating biomass bearing material including municipal solid waste (MSW). The apparatus includes a reaction vessel configured for rotation and steam injection, with helically arranged auger vanes attached to the internal walls of the vessel, a self aligning door. Embodiments includes various of a heated jacket, modified raised projections on the top edge of the auger vanes, a modified door, modified door sealing assembly, and a process of quick charging the interior of the vessel with steam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Biomass Worldwide Group Limited
    Inventor: Anthony P. Noll
  • Patent number: 8709794
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a column reactor for producing nitrate nitrogen as an inorganic nutrient from an organic material including: filling a container with a carrier comprising rockwool, vermiculite, pearlite, zeolite, sand, glass, ceramic, urethane, nylon, melamine resin, cedar chips, bog moss, filter paper or agar; adding thereto microorganisms capable of conducting a multiple parallel mineralization by mineralization of an organic material to produce nitrate nitrogen; subsequently adding 0.01 to 20 g in terms of dry weight of an organic material with respect to 1 L of the carrier, the organic material comprising fish-based soluble fertilizer, fish flour, oil cake, raw garbage, corn steep liquor, rice bran, soybean flour, plant residue, milk, powdered milk or livestock manure; and leaving the resultant material at rest until nitrate nitrogen starts to be produced in an effluent during a washing of the carrier by addition of water to discharge the effluent from the carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Makoto Shinohara
    Inventor: Makoto Shinohara
  • Patent number: 8703477
    Abstract: A composting apparatus and composting methods are disclosed. In one embodiment, a composting apparatus includes a housing having walls defining an interior working chamber. The working chamber is separated vertically from a second, lower collection chamber by a grid floor. Immediately below the grid floor is an agitator shaft with perpendicularly disposed agitator arms. Rotation of the agitator shaft extends the agitator arms through the horizontal spaces in the grid floor into the underside of vermicompost material in the working chamber. Horizontal movement of the agitator mechanism disrupts the underside of vermicompost to cause material to fall into a drawer in the lower collection chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Inventor: Richard L. Berkson
  • Publication number: 20140106443
    Abstract: A composter comprising a container for receiving material to be composted, an aerator within the container having at least one opening for allowing air to pass from the aerator into the container, a base structure defining a floor on which the composting material sits above a leachate tank located under the floor, an air flow path through the base structure for providing air from outside the composter to the aerator and to openings located in the floor above the leachate tank to facilitate aerobic decomposition of the composting material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: Global Environment Management (FZC)
    Inventor: Robert James Adam
  • Patent number: 8685716
    Abstract: A composting apparatus and method is described. The apparatus comprises a cylindrical drum which is horizontally rotatably supported. A hopper is disposed at a feed end of the drum for receiving organic waste material in soft or hard form. A material shredding mechanism and a grinding mechanism are rotatably secured in the hopper and driven in counter-rotation for shredding and grinding the organic waste material and feeding it into an inlet opening of the drum. A series of material mixing and conveying vane assemblies are secured spaced-apart inside the drum and define sub-composting compartments therebetween. The material mixing and conveying vane assemblies have a plurality of vanes secured in spaced-apart relationship and project interiorly towards a central longitudinal axis of the drum and are oriented at a common angle to mix, further shred and displace shredded and ground material from the inlet opening towards the rear discharge end of the drum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Great Wall of China Waste Company Inc.
    Inventor: Elias Bassile
  • Patent number: 8642324
    Abstract: An apparatus for the treatment of organic matter with worms, includes a receptacle with a side wall at least a portion of which is downwardly tapering to facilitate compression of organic matter as organic matter is processed, an upper entry aperture for loading the receptacle with the organic matter and worms, a lower discharge aperture for discharging compressed material including castings and organic matter, and a base lid adapted to releasably close the discharge aperture and to permit removal of the compressed material from the receptacle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: LOW Impact Limited
    Inventor: Benjamin Bell
  • Patent number: 8637304
    Abstract: An economical method for recovering nitrogen from liquid waste using autotrophic organisms and minimal energy inputs and without chemical additives. Solids are separated from anaerobically digested liquid waste. The resulting translucent liquid is introduced to a culture of autotrophic microorganisms in the presence of natural or artificial light, thereby accumulating biomass and producing a liquid effluent with elevated pH. The elevated-pH, liquid effluent is heated and stripped of ammonia, thereby producing a water vapor and stripped ammonia gas stream. The water vapor ammonia gas stream is condensed to form a liquid/ammonia condensate. The autotrophic microorganisms are advantageously cultivated in a photobioreactor comprising a plurality of axially spaced-apart, growth plates mounted for rotation to a shaft. The pH of the culture is adjustable within a preferred range of 8.0 to 10.5 by adjusting the light intensity and rotational speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Inventor: Dennis A. Burke
  • Publication number: 20140024108
    Abstract: An apparatus for production of a biogas by anaerobic digestion of organic material, the apparatus comprising: a digester chamber defining: a gas generating zone and a gas collecting zone. A biogas outlet is defined in the gas collecting zone, and one or more nozzles is/are arranged to spray a gas cooling liquid into the gas accommodated in the gas collecting zone so as to cool the gas. A collecting member is arranged in the gas collecting zone to collect the gas cooling liquid when sprayed from the one or more nozzles towards the collecting member so as to prevent the gas cooling liquid from entering the organic material. The collecting member is arranged to cause the collected gas cooling liquid to flow into a liquid based safety valve.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicant: KRUGER A/S
    Inventors: Soren J. Hojsgaard, Bente E. Nielsen, Per Koefoed-Hansen
  • Publication number: 20140004599
    Abstract: An inexpensive, portable and modular anaerobic digester assembly, comprising: an outer container; a primary anaerobic digester container or vessel positioned within the outer container; and one or more secondary gas collection containers or vessels positioned within the outer container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventor: Carey J. Boote
  • Publication number: 20130323824
    Abstract: This invention relates to a control device for a food waste disposal apparatus. The control device is comprised of a touch screen, a memory device to perform a specific function to control the food waste disposal apparatus. The touch screen of the control device displays a plurality of input button images so that a user can click them by fingers to prosecute. The main menu of the touch screen is comprised of auto working mode, total monitoring mode, manual working mode, time setting mode, alarm message mode and function setting mode. The sub-menu of function setting mode further includes cumulative weight setting and part replacement cycle setting.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventor: CHUN IL KOH
  • Publication number: 20130291608
    Abstract: Provided herein are systems and methods for biomass digestion and products formed thereof. The products include one or more biogases, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency classified Class A Biosolids, and pathogen reduced organic liquid fertilizer. Through the digestion of waste materials using sequential phases in an efficient digestion process, enhanced biomass conversion efficiency and improved output of products (in quantity and/or quality) are obtained with a significant reduction in dwell time in each phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 8, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventor: Detlev K. Johnson