Algae Culture Patents (Class 47/1.4)
  • Patent number: 8161679
    Abstract: An open ocean floating algae farm built around a ship. The ship provides propulsion power for navigation, storage capacity for materials and algae products, machinery for harvesting and processing the algae, housing for crew, and facilities for maintenance of the floating farm. The invention is also comprised of transparent tubes that circulate a broth of seawater saturated with CO2, nutrients, and algae. The circulation path flows from the ship through the tubes and back to the ship where the algae is filtered out to be processed. The fields of transparent tubes circulating the algae broth are supported by a square matrix of pressurized tubes filled with seawater. This matrix is neutrally buoyant and submerged just below the ocean surface. The internal pressure in the tubes causes the matrix to be stiff in the horizontal plane, but flexible in the vertical dimension so as to conform to long ocean waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Inventors: James Sacra Albus, Alverto Daniel Lacaze, Karl Nicholas Murphy
  • Patent number: 8143051
    Abstract: Systems and methods for maintaining the dominance and increasing the biomass production of Nannochloropsis in an algae cultivation system are provided. Exemplary methods include applying an effective amount of ozone to Nannochloropsis growing in an algae cultivation system. A further method may include applying a shock amount of ozone above 10 milligrams/liter or higher in the inlet stream flowing into the algae cultivation system. Various exemplary embodiments may include a system for maintaining dominance and increasing the biomass production of Nannochloropsis in an algae cultivation system. The system may comprise a processor, and a computer readable storage medium having instructions for execution by the processor. The instructions for execution by the processor cause the processor to maintain dominance and increase biomass production of the Nannochloropsis in the algae cultivation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Aurora Algae, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph Weissman, Guido Radaelli, David Rice
  • Patent number: 8137556
    Abstract: A method for producing biofuels is provided. A method of making biofuels includes dewatering substantially intact algal cells to make an algal biomass, extracting neutral lipids from the algal biomass, and esterifying the neutral lipids with a catalyst in the presence of an alcohol. The method also includes separating a water soluble fraction comprising glycerin from a water insoluble fraction comprising fuel esters and distilling the fuel esters under vacuum to obtain a C16 or shorter fuel esters fraction, a C16 or longer fuel ester fraction, and a residue comprising carotenoids and omega-3 fatty acids. The method further includes hydrogenating and deoxygenating at least one of (i) the C16 or shorter fuel esters to obtain a jet fuel blend stock and (ii) the C16 or longer fuel esters to obtain a diesel blend stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Heliae Development, LLC
    Inventor: Aniket Kale
  • Publication number: 20120064508
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are photobioreactor systems for high productivity aquaculture or aquafarming for growing of algae or other organisms in an aquatic environment featuring aspects that favor improved growth rates by achieving control over the contents of the growth medium, including carbon source, nitrogen source, and essential trace elements necessary for growth.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: Heliae Development, LLC
    Inventors: Jason D. Licamele, Carl L. White
  • Publication number: 20120064608
    Abstract: The present invention provides cultivation chambers and methods for the cultivation of photosynthetic organisms, particularly algae.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2009
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: MBD Energy Limited
    Inventors: Marc Rene Stammbach, Peter De Nys, Kristen Heimann, Alex Rogers
  • Publication number: 20120058542
    Abstract: The invention relates to systems and methods for regulating algal biomass in offshore waters near an oil and gas production platform. The systems of the invention encompasses a plurality of modules for managing nutrients, algae, and aquaculture, including enclosures for containing aquatic organisms, and various operating subsystems that are operably associated with surface and underwater structures of the platform. In one embodiment of the invention, aquatic organisms are cultured in eutrophic water to feed on algae, thereby reducing the algal biomass. In other embodiments, the diversity of algae in an algal bloom is modified and the productivity of oligotrophic water is increased.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: Live Fuels ,Inc.
    Inventors: Benjamin Chiau-pin Wu, David Stephen, Gaye Elizabeth Morgenthaler, David Vancott Jones
  • Publication number: 20120047797
    Abstract: A scalable bioreactor and method of continuous production of algae in a controlled environment is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Publication date: March 1, 2012
    Inventors: Richard M. Berman, Larry Peyton
  • Patent number: 8122637
    Abstract: A method to improve the yield of an acre of a crop having a growing season of less than one year. The method includes the steps of providing an irrigation system for the crop, providing an ecosystem producing algal by-products, and applying the algal by-crop to the crop with irrigation water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Core Intellectual Properties Holdings, LLC
    Inventor: Roger D. Blotsky
  • Publication number: 20120034679
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of cultivation of algae or cyanobacteria in the presence of a luminous material that converts light of a first wavelength to a second wavelength more suitable for use in photosynthesis by the algae or cyanobacteria, and apparatus for performing the method. In one embodiment the apparatus (50) is of flexible plastic with fluorescent light concentrator or light guide (76) and perforated pipe (56) for bubbling carbon dioxide through the culture. The algae or cyanobacteria may be used to produce biofuels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Inventor: Alexander Falber
  • Patent number: 8110395
    Abstract: Certain embodiments and aspects of the present invention relate to a photobioreactor including covered photobioreactor units through which a liquid medium stream and a gas stream flow. The liquid medium comprises at least one species of phototrophic organism therein. Certain methods of using the photobioreactor system as part of fuel generation system and/or a gas-treatment process or system at least partially remove certain undesirable pollutants from a gas stream. In certain embodiments, a portion of the liquid medium is diverted from a photobioreactor unit and reintroduced upstream of the diversion position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Algae Systems, LLC
    Inventors: John J. Lewnard, Xiaoxi Wu
  • Publication number: 20120018373
    Abstract: Systems and methods that facilitate the creation and harvesting of algae using tufted products. One exemplary tufted product comprises a substrate and tufts tufted through the substrate. The use of a tufted product provides various advantages with respect to the creation and harvesting of algae. Among other things, such products can be configured to improve the amount of algal-growing surface area provided and other growing environment characteristics and to facilitate the harvesting of the algae from the tufted product by facilitating the release of all or most of the algae from attachment to the tufted product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2011
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Inventors: William N. Jones, Daniel Price, James Hobbs
  • Patent number: 8092691
    Abstract: A method and device for separating particles from a liquid having particles therein, using a filter sized to permit the liquid to flow through pores, while retaining a substantial portion of the particles on the filter, with an absorbent layer contacting the back of the filter to facilitate liquid movement away from the particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Univenture, Inc.
    Inventors: Ross O. Youngs, James Robert Cook
  • Publication number: 20110308149
    Abstract: A system is provided for supporting algae growth with adsorbed carbon dioxide. In the system, a channel such as a raceway is provided and holds bicarbonate solution. As algae grows in the solution, it is converted into carbonate solution. Therefore, the system provides a high surface area liquid gas contact medium for converting the carbonate solution back into bicarbonate solution. Specifically, the carbonate solution from the channel is delivered to the contact medium. At the contact medium, the carbonate solution drips or slowly moves along while air, containing carbon dioxide, moves across the solution. As carbon dioxide is adsorbed by the solution, it converts back into bicarbonate solution. Then, the bicarbonate solution is fed back into the channel to support further algae growth.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2010
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Inventor: David A. Hazlebeck
  • Publication number: 20110307976
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes use of filamentous algae to form insulating construction materials which provide thermal and noise insulation. Algae from the order Zygnematales, the Cladophorales, or the Ulotrichales can be dried and formed for use as insulating material. Algae mass can be combined into several layers, using a binder to attach the layers to each other. A composite material of algae mass and an additive can be used and form the body of insulation panels having honeycomb-shaped chambers, which are sealed by a foil that is laminated onto the body. Various plants for cultivating algae for use in construction material are disclosed. Plants utilizing gravity harvest comprise cultivation ponds located at a slope, wherein the ponds can be opened to allow algae and water to flow downhill through a collector grill. Plants utilizing net harvest, overflow harvest or rake harvest are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Publication date: December 15, 2011
    Inventor: Heinz Ploechinger
  • Publication number: 20110296749
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for utilizing, processing, distributing and an accompanying business model for sea algae, particularly forced cultured kombu, to prevent the expansion of global warming, by encouraging a re-purchase of the cultured sea algae, by paying the purchaser back, in a constant rate, a part of the profit from the sales of a CO2 omission right, which right depends upon the CO2 absorption and fixation ability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2011
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Inventors: Katsumi Iwai, Hiroshi Horibata, Hiroshi Saito
  • Publication number: 20110291425
    Abstract: Systems and methods of generating power or producing gaseous products generate CO2 as a waste product or as a greenhouse gas. Rather than being discharged into the atmosphere, the CO2 is employed in a bioreactor to enhance the growth of algae. The algae then becomes a commercial product, or it can be consumed as fuel in the generation of power or the production of a gaseous product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2009
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Inventor: James Charles Juranitch
  • Publication number: 20110287544
    Abstract: Certain embodiments and aspects of the present invention relate to a photobioreactor including photobioreactor units through which a liquid medium stream and a gas stream flow. The photobioreactor units are floated on a body of water such as a pond or a lake. The liquid medium comprises at least one species of phototrophic organism therein. Certain methods of using the photobioreactor system as part of fuel generation system and/or a gas-treatment process or system at least partially remove certain undesirable pollutants from a gas stream. In certain embodiments, the photobioreactor units are formed of flexible, deformable material and are configured to provide a substantially constant thickness of liquid medium. In certain embodiments, a barrier between the photobioreactor unit and the body of water upon which the unit is floated facilitates thermal communication between the liquid medium and the body of water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Inventors: Isaac Berzin, Javier de Luis, David Fair, Joe Parrish, Keith Richtman, Fan Chen, Benjamin F. Polito, Miles Walker, Ben Fowler, Kevin Lockwood, Miguel Olaizola
  • Publication number: 20110283608
    Abstract: A bio-mass farming system comprises a plurality of repositories (3) for growing bio-mass and configured to be located offshore, and harvesting apparatus (1) configured to be located offshore and, at any one time, to harvest bio-mass from at least one but not all of the repositories. A method of bio-mass farming comprises the steps of providing a plurality of offshore repositories (3) for growing bio-mass; providing offshore harvesting apparatus (1); and harvesting bio-mass from at least one of the repositories while simultaneously leaving other repositories unharvested.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: CRANFIELD UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Minoo Homi Patel, Feargal Brennan, Naresh Magan
  • Publication number: 20110281295
    Abstract: According to one aspect, the invention relates to a device for culturing algae with natural light, including an enclosure with a culturing medium and the algae to be cultured, and a substrate arranged to receive solar radiation in order to perform photoconversion of said solar radiation, the substrate including at least one luminescent compound making it possible to reemit radiation having a spectrum adapted to the optimisation of a biological parameter of interest resulting from the photosynthesis of said algae.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2010
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Applicant: PHOTOFUEL SAS
    Inventor: Julien Sylvestre
  • Publication number: 20110275140
    Abstract: A photobioreactor includes a cultivation zone configured to contain a liquid culture medium and facilitate growth of a microalgae biomass, a plurality of parallel edge-lit light transmitting devices mounted within the cultivation zone, and a collection zone oriented in relation to the cultivation zone such that at least a portion of the liquid culture medium and microalgae from the cultivation zone may be periodically harvested. Methods for illuminating algae, for dissolving materials into an algae medium, for extracting oil from algae, and for producing biodiesel from algal oil are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2011
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Inventor: Joe McCall
  • Publication number: 20110269219
    Abstract: A method of increasing yield of cultivated algae, which entails the step of cultivating one or more species of algae in the presence of one or more species of PPFM bacteria, for at least a portion of the algae cultivation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Publication date: November 3, 2011
    Inventors: Mark Holland, Patrick Di Bello, Richard M. Carlton
  • Publication number: 20110258915
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for growing and sequentially processing algae to produce a variety of products including but not limited to biofuels, algal meal, oil, unsaturated fatty acids and recombinant proteins and peptides in a cost-effective and energy efficient manner. Also provided are methods of use for the products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2009
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Applicant: STC.UNM
    Inventor: Bobban Subhadra
  • Publication number: 20110258920
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are photobioreactor systems for high productivity aquaculture or aquafarming for growing of algae or other organisms in an aquatic environment featuring aspects that favor improved growth rates by achieving control over the contents of the growth medium, including carbon source, nitrogen source, and essential trace elements necessary for growth.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Publication date: October 27, 2011
    Inventors: Jason D. LICAMELE, Carl L. WHITE
  • Patent number: 8043847
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system and method for providing light, which can be used to promote growth of biological material. The light includes a ceramic core, including a catalyst and a containment vessel. Light forms as fuel is ignited within the containment vessel. Use of the ceramic core increases the efficiency of the light are reduces undesired gas emissions from the light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Arizona Public Service Company
    Inventors: Ray Hobbs, David Haberman
  • Patent number: 8043496
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for extracting oil from algae comprises a disruptor (125) having a plurality of deflectors (220 and 225) against which a mixture of algae and water (100) is forcibly impacted upon the urging of a pump (115). The impacting of the algal cells against the deflectors ruptures their cell walls and liberates the lipids (oil) and other materials contained therein. A tank (130) collects the mixture and after a settling period, the mixture forms at least three layers comprising oil (155), water (160), and algal residue (165). The oil layer is removed through one or more conduits (177, 178) into a holding tank (185) for further refining and use. The water is discarded, and the biomass residue comprising algal cell walls and other non-oil components is removed to another holding container (199) from which it can be discarded or used as an agricultural fertilizer or the like. If desired, the residue can be further treated in order to scavenge any remaining oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Inventors: Peter Allen Schuh, Allen John Schuh
  • Publication number: 20110247262
    Abstract: Provided is a photobioreactor for mass-culturing marine microalgae using a semi-permeable membrane. The photobioreactor installed in a floating type on a water level or soaked at a predetermined depth from the water level to mass-culture isolated marine microalgae includes a culturing bag formed of the semi-permeable membrane through which enables seawater to exist, but prevents the marine microalgae from being penetrated, the culturing bag being configured to provide a three-dimensionally culturing space for accommodating the marine microalgae; and a floating unit connected to the culturing bag to dispose the culturing bag near the sea level, thereby exposing the culturing bag to sunlight. Since the photobioreactor for mass-culturing the marine microalgae using the semi-permeable membrane is provided, the photobioreactor may be manufactured at a low cost and free from the spatial restrictions, thereby enabling the expansion of the photobioreactor in both the horizontal and vertical directions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2009
    Publication date: October 13, 2011
    Applicant: INHA?INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIP INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Choul-Gyun Lee, Z-Hun Kim
  • Patent number: 8033047
    Abstract: An algae cultivation system and method. In an embodiment, an algae cultivation system is included. The algae cultivation system can include a cultivation tank, a plurality of light transmitting elements configured to be at least partially submerged in a liquid medium disposed within the cultivation tank, wherein the light transmitting elements increase the effective surface area of the liquid medium exposed to light, and a plurality of gas injectors configured to emit gas into the liquid medium. In an embodiment a method of culturing algae is included. The method can include measuring the amount of carbon dioxide in a cultivation system and modulating the amount of light being supplied to the cultivation system based on the measured amount of carbon dioxide. In an embodiment, a method of culturing algae can include measuring the amount of light being input into a cultivation system and modulating the amount of carbon dioxide being supplied to the cultivation system based on the measured amount of light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2011
    Assignee: Sartec Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Axel Rasmussen, Clayton V. McNeff, Larry C. McNeff
  • Publication number: 20110245552
    Abstract: A method for culturing algae comprising, forming an emulsion comprising a gaseous stream and a media utilizing a high shear device, wherein the emulsion comprises gas bubbles, and wherein the high shear device comprises at least one toothed rotor and at least one stator; introducing the emulsion into a bioreactor; and introducing an algae into the bioreactor for growing the algae culture. Additionally, a method for producing liquids from an algae culture, the method comprising forming an emulsion comprising a buffer and algal components, wherein the emulsion comprises algal component globules; separating algal hydrocarbons; and processing algal hydrocarbons to form liquid hydrocarbons. Additionally, a system for producing liquids from an algae culture comprising at least one high shear device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2010
    Publication date: October 6, 2011
    Applicant: H R D CORPORATION
    Inventors: Abbas HASSAN, Aziz HASSAN, Rayford G. ANTHONY, Gregory G. BORSINGER
  • Publication number: 20110214347
    Abstract: Plant-aeration systems, methods for plant aeration, plant-aeration cells, methods of environmental remediation, systems for algae cultivation, and apparatuses for algae aeration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Publication date: September 8, 2011
    Inventor: Qian Zhang
  • Patent number: 8003379
    Abstract: A bioreactor and bioreactor system are suitable for the growth of materials from algae. More specifically, the system preferred embodiments use concentrated sunlight in a solo- or co-generation system to produce algae and products therefrom as well as solar thermal energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Brightsource Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Arnold J. Goldman, Michael Kagan, Yuri Kokotov
  • Patent number: 7997025
    Abstract: A photo-bioreactor module adapted for stacking a plurality of such modules for producing algal bioproducts includes at least an upper and a lower light-transmitting member each having a plurality of openings. The upper and lower light-transmitting members are spaced apart from one another and at least one of the upper and lower light-transmitting members includes at least one light connection terminal for coupling in light from a light source and transmitting the light laterally. A plurality of photobioreactor conduits each extending from respective openings in the upper and lower light-transmitting member define algae containment interior spaces, wherein the plurality of photobioreactor conduits contact the upper and a lower light-transmitting members along areas of contact. The light transmitted laterally by the upper and lower light-transmitting members couples into the plurality of photobioreactor conduits along the areas of contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2011
    Assignee: Trinitas, LLC
    Inventor: Arthur W. P. Masse
  • Publication number: 20110197317
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multistory system for using waste carbon dioxide and waste heat to facilitate cultivation of photosynthetic organisms. In particular, the present invention relates to a multistory system with the incorporation of upconverting and downconverting luminescent materials and other components suitable for enhancing growth of photosynthetic organisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2011
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Inventor: Lan WONG
  • Patent number: 7980024
    Abstract: Certain embodiments and aspects of the present invention relate to a photobioreactor including photobioreactor units through which a liquid medium stream and a gas stream flow. The photobioreactor units are floated on a body of water such as a pond or a lake. The liquid medium comprises at least one species of phototrophic organism therein. Certain methods of using the photobioreactor system as part of fuel generation system and/or a gas-treatment process or system at least partially remove certain undesirable pollutants from a gas stream. In certain embodiments, the photobioreactor units are formed of flexible, deformable material and are configured to provide a substantially constant thickness of liquid medium. In certain embodiments, a barrier between the photobioreactor unit and the body of water upon which the unit is floated facilitates thermal communication between the liquid medium and the body of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Algae Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Isaac Berzin, Javier de Luis, David Fair, Joe Parrish, Keith Richtman, Fan Chen, Benjamin F. Polito, Miles Walker, Ben Fowler, Kevin Lockwood, Miguel Olaizola
  • Publication number: 20110138682
    Abstract: Materials and methods are provided for growing algae while maintaining culture selectivity. Algae that can be grown include, for example, green algae such as those of the genus Scenedesmus. Lipid obtained from the algae can be used to produce biofuels such as biodiesel or polyunsaturated fatty acids such as omega-3 fatty acids. Feedstocks such as animal feed and aquaculture feed can also be produced as can phytonutrients such as asataxanthin and beta-carotene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2009
    Publication date: June 16, 2011
    Applicant: AQUATIC ENERGY LLC
    Inventors: Priscila B. Demaris, Ramanujam Ravikumar, Philippe Vandevivere
  • Patent number: 7950181
    Abstract: A photobioreactor includes a cultivation zone configured to contain a liquid culture medium and facilitate growth of a microalgae biomass, a plurality of parallel edge-lit light transmitting devices mounted within the cultivation zone, and a collection zone oriented in relation to the cultivation zone such that at least a portion of the liquid culture medium and microalgae from the cultivation zone may be periodically harvested. Methods for illuminating algae, for dissolving materials into an algae medium, for extracting oil from algae, and for producing biodiesel from algal oil are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2011
    Assignee: MIP, LLC
    Inventor: Joe McCall
  • Publication number: 20110119999
    Abstract: A modular all-terrain algal production system that includes a plurality of segments. Each segment is made from one or more trays that are adapted to grow algae on their surface. The trays each have a flange end configured to be coupled to non-flanged end of an adjacent tray to form floways. Each floway has a rotatable surge bucket at one end that is able to hold water and spill the water in a wave down the floway into a catchment. The system is supported on uneven terrain by an adjustable structure arranged to provide each floway with a horizontal inclination.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Inventors: Erik T. Adey, Walter H. Adey
  • Publication number: 20110113682
    Abstract: A bubble column for facilitating algae growth comprised a tank adapted to contain a volume of growth medium with algae growing therein, with a light pipe disposed centrally therein and extending from near the top surface of the growth medium in the tank to near the bottom of the tank. The light pipe illuminates substantially the entire volume of the growth medium. A diffuser is positioned at or near the bottom of the tank and receives a gas stream, and converts the gas stream to a stream of bubbles that agitate the algae without creating a fluid flow within the tank.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2010
    Publication date: May 19, 2011
    Applicant: BIOVANTAGE RESOURCES, INC.
    Inventors: Ari MA'AYAN, Nicholas Arthur RANCIS, Michael Edward VERES, Matthew Edward DONHAM, David George Peter DESCHENES
  • Publication number: 20110113681
    Abstract: Carbon dioxide that is collected as a by-product of hydrogen production from a steam methane reformer (SMR) is used as a feed stock for growth of algae biomass for various purposes, e.g. biofuel production, chemical intermediates, nutraceuticals or pharmaceuticals. This invention helps reduce emissions of carbon dioxide, a known greenhouse gas, and helps to optimize algae growth that is used for the production clean biofuel to reduce the dependence on petroleum and fossil fuels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2009
    Publication date: May 19, 2011
    Inventors: Mathias Mostertz, John J. Brull
  • Publication number: 20110107664
    Abstract: A nutrient system for automatically supplying growth medium to an algae growth system comprises a tank for mixing nutrients, together with a plurality of computer-controlled pumps for supplying metered amounts of selected constituents to the tank. The nutrient mix is heated to a preselected temperature under computer control, and recirculated until the desired uniformity is achieved. The nutrient mix is then supplied to the algae growth system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 10, 2010
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Applicant: BIOVANTAGE RESOURCES, INC.
    Inventors: Nicholas Arthur RANCIS, Michael Edward VERES, Matthew Edward Donham, Ari MA'AYAN
  • Patent number: 7921595
    Abstract: A water based biomass producing system that is disposed in a body of water, for example a freshwater lake or a sea, and is capable of producing a biomass that can be converted into a biofuel. The system relies on a pool of freshwater that is suspended in the body of water to grow the biomass. The pool is contained within a flexible polymeric membrane that is impermeable to the water of the body of water. The membrane is suspended in the body of water by a float. A filtration system is connected to the float that has an inlet that is for introduction of water from the body of water and an outlet that is for discharging freshwater into the pool. A biomass extractor is provided to harvest the biomass from the freshwater pool. The harvested biomass can then be converted into a biofuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Robert J. Monson, Howard J. Schantz
  • Publication number: 20110081710
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for extracting CO2 from air comprising an anion exchange material formed in a matrix exposed to a flow of the air, and for delivering that extracted CO2 to controlled environments. The present invention contemplates the extraction of CO2 from air using conventional extraction methods or by using one of the extraction methods disclosed; e.g., humidity swing or electro dialysis. The present invention also provides delivery of the CO2 to greenhouses where increased levels of CO2 will improve conditions for growth. Alternatively, the CO2 is fed to an algae culture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Publication date: April 7, 2011
    Inventors: Allen B. Wright, Klaus S. Lackner, Ursula Ginster
  • Publication number: 20110078949
    Abstract: The invention relates to a system for the breeding and reproduction of microorganisms, comprising a basin system (10) and a nutrient suspension (12) disposed in the basin system (10), wherein the basin system (10) comprises a vertical meandering system formed by partition walls (14) in order to achieve a substantially vertical flow of the nutrient suspension (12) in the basin system (10). The invention further relates to a method for the breeding and reproduction of microorganisms by means of a system in which light is introduced into a basin system (10) comprising a nutrient suspension (12), wherein the introduction of the light is carried out by way of partition walls (14) projecting into the nutrient suspension (12), said walls being filled with a dispersive liquid. In this manner an improved yield of microorganisms per hectare can be obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2010
    Publication date: April 7, 2011
    Applicant: Alge Oil GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Juergen Schuster, Horst Kurzweil
  • Publication number: 20110081712
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for extracting CO2 from air comprising an anion exchange material formed in a matrix exposed to a flow of the air, and for delivering that extracted CO2 to controlled environments. The present invention contemplates the extraction of CO2 from air using conventional extraction methods or by using one of the extraction methods disclosed; e.g., humidity swing or electro dialysis. The present invention also provides delivery of the CO2 to greenhouses where increased levels of CO2 will improve conditions for growth. Alternatively, the CO2 is fed to an algae culture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Publication date: April 7, 2011
    Inventors: Allen B. Wright, Klaus S. Lackner, Ursula Ginster
  • Publication number: 20110073542
    Abstract: A three-dimensional grid for use as an algal turf growing surface contains a horizontal planar basal net containing a series of horizontal planar members and upwardly directed members.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2010
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Inventors: Walter H. Adey, Erik Thane Adey, Robinson Bazurto
  • Publication number: 20110061295
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a system and method of sustainable economic development, such as development through an integrated production of renewable energy, material resources, and nutrient regimes. In some embodiments, the system utilizes resources extracted from renewable energy sources to assist in the capture of energy from other renewable energy sources. In some embodiments, the system utilizes energy from renewable energy sources to extract resources from other renewable energy sources.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 16, 2010
    Publication date: March 17, 2011
    Applicant: McAlister Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Roy E. McAlister
  • Patent number: 7905049
    Abstract: Methods and systems for algae production are provided, the methods and systems generally comprising providing at least one body of water having an algae population in suspension, growing algae, heating the body of water with a heat source, heating the algae process with a heat source, drying the algae with a heat source, and covering the body of water with a cover. Heat recovery systems, algae processing, and covers are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Independence Bio-Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald A. Erd
  • Patent number: 7895790
    Abstract: An algae cultivation apparatus includes a light guide plate, at least one transparent circulating channel, at least one light emission module, an algae guide-in module, an algae collection module, a gas guide-in module, a gas collection module, a culture medium guide-in module, a temperature control module and a pH value control module. With the installation of the light guide plate and at least one light emission module, a 24-hour light source can be introduced to improve the production efficiency of an algae.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Inventor: Chien-Feng Lin
  • Publication number: 20110041395
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a system for the production of high yield agricultural and aquaculture products using separate, discrete and scalable production units that cooperate to provide a low carbon food production facility. A combination of greenhouses, hydroponic farms, fish hatcheries and on-site pyrolysis-gasification generators is used to produce and consume almost all the necessary materials from a feed stock of municipal waste, and other forms of carbon-containing waste feed stocks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2010
    Publication date: February 24, 2011
    Applicant: BioSynEnergy LLC
    Inventors: Richard Newbold, Janusz Kozinski
  • Publication number: 20110023565
    Abstract: A method for producing biomass and sequestering greenhouse gas includes providing a greenhouse gas, providing light energy, and growing algae in a growth container with the greenhouse gas and the light energy. The algae can be processed into a biomass feedstock. The biomass feedstock can be converted into a fuel or specialty chemical. At least a portion of the algae can be used as a fertilizer for a biomass growth source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2010
    Publication date: February 3, 2011
    Applicant: KiOR Inc.
    Inventors: STEVE YANIK, Robert Bartek
  • Publication number: 20110016773
    Abstract: Methods for increasing the growth and biomass of algae and algae lipids by growing the algae in the presence of a polycationic substance such as soluble or insoluble chitosan and/or chitin are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods of harvesting algae from an aqueous environment by growing the algae in aggregated clumps and/or mats (formed by the inclusion of soluble or insoluble chitosan and/or chitin or other polycationic or cationic substances) that can be easily removed from the aqueous environment either by filtration, surface skimming, and/or growing in a porous containment device, such as a natural or synthetic fabric, and removing the fabric from the aqueous environment containing the aggregated algae. The methods disclosed have direct applications in biofuel and energy production, agricultural feedstock production, nutrient production, greenhouse gas reduction, removal of microconstituents from water, and water reclamation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Publication date: January 27, 2011
    Applicant: HaloSource, Inc.
    Inventors: Everett J. Nichols, James R. Scott