Mixer In Flow Path Of Existing Mixture Patents (Class 48/189.4)
  • Patent number: 10697347
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine exhaust system mixer includes a mixer body (12) with deflection elements (16) extending radially outwards from a mixer body center (14). A ring-shaped carrier area (22) adjoins the mixer body radially on the outside and encloses a mixer longitudinal axis. The carrier area includes a mixer connection area (24) for connecting the mixer (10) to an exhaust system component. A pipe connection wall (30) adjoins the mixer connection area and has a wall inner surface (32). A mixer body carrier wall (34) adjoins the mixer connection area, carries the mixer body, and is enclosed by the pipe connection wall. A first transition surface (40) adjoins the wall and is arched essentially continuously concavely between the wall inner surface and the wall outer surface, and axially defines a ring-shaped pipe-mounting intermediate space (38) between the pipe connection wall and the mixer body carrier wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: Eberspächer Exhaust Technology GmbH
    Inventors: Benjamin Röhr, Herve Tchamgoue, Frank Berkemer
  • Patent number: 10570358
    Abstract: An apparatus (100) for mixing multiphase flowing particles. The apparatus (100) comprises a conduit (100a) adapted to channelize the multiphase flowing particles. At least one flow diverter (101) is positioned in the conduit (100a), which is adapted to divert the flow of multiphase flowing particles into a plurality of flow streams. Further, at least one flow element (102) is disposed in the conduit (100a) along at least one of the plurality of flow streams, which is configured to inject fluid onto the plurality of flow streams at a velocity greater than the velocity of the plurality of flow streams. This induces a swirling flow of at least one of the plurality of flow streams, thereby facilitating mixing of the multiphase flowing particles in the conduit (100a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: Reliance Industries Limited
    Inventors: Ganesh K. Veluswamy, Ramchandra Khopkar Avinash
  • Patent number: 10092886
    Abstract: A fluid mixing device includes a hollow tubular main body (41) to mix an exhaust gas (G4) and a warming gas (G5) within it, a first inflow port (43) provided in an upstream end portion of the main body (41) and through which the exhaust gas (G4) flows, a mixing promotion body (38) of a tubular shape disposed inside the main body (41) and having a longitudinal axis (C1) extending in a direction conforming to a direction of flow of the exhaust gas (G4), and a second inflow port (45) provided in a peripheral wall of the main body (41) and through which the warming gas (G5) flows towards an outer peripheral wall of the mixing promotion body (38). The exhaust gas (G4) flows outside and inside the mixing promotion body (38).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kashihara, Yasufumi Hosokawa, Yoshihiro Yamasaki
  • Patent number: 9850824
    Abstract: A drive circuit (203) of an actuator (2) calculates an actual working angle from an actual operation quantity with reference to a reference table used to calculate a target operation quantity, and transmits the actual working angle and the actual operation quantity to a command unit (4). The command unit (4) determines whether or not the received values of the actual working angle and the operation quantity correspond to the valve working angle and the operation quantity of the reference table stored in the command unit (4), to detect a discrepancy between the operation modes of the actuator (2) and the command unit (4).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Shunsuke Habara, Toyokazu Nakashima
  • Patent number: 9383042
    Abstract: A tank and spout interface of a radiator of a motor vehicle having a tank part having an inner surface, an outer surface, a connecting part, a bottom portion, a first end, a second end, a first outer margin, and a second outer margin. The tank and spout interface has a connection sleeve disposed on the tank part and extending outwardly from the tank part having an inner surface integrally formed with the inner surface of the first outer margin of the tank part and an outer surface integrally formed with the outer surface of the tank part. A first entry riser and a second entry riser are disposed on opposing sides of the inner surface of the connection sleeve and a first internal riser and a second internal riser are disposed on the first outer margin of the tank part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Hanon Systems
    Inventors: Ján Gregus Kollar, Hynek Hruza
  • Patent number: 9121508
    Abstract: A slide blind controls flow through conduits at a flanged connection. The slide blind has a right and left working plates configured such that one of the working plates is sealed between the flanges a perimeter thereof adjacent to inner sides of the flange bolts. A joiner member connects the right and left working plates, and handle members extend in right and left directions from the corresponding working plates. The joiner and handle members have a thickness less than the thickness of the right and left working plates. The handle members and the joiner member define first and second sets of bolt holes to fasten the slide blind with either the right or left working plate between the flanges. The joiner and handle members are significantly lighter weight than the working plates, and can be removed for convenient transport.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: 1075878 Alberta Ltd.
    Inventor: Glen Joki
  • Patent number: 8950383
    Abstract: A gaseous fuel mixer for an internal combustion engine includes a frustoconical cone and an outlet element extending from the frustoconical cone at an interior portion of the frustoconical cone. The outlet element and the frustoconical cone are located within a mixer passage of an intake system. The mixer passage has an internal diameter. The outlet element includes a plurality of transverse openings that connect a fuel passage formed within the outlet element to the interior portion of the frustoconical cone. The height and diameter of the frustoconical cone and the internal diameter of the passage form specific ratios that provide for uniform mixing of intake air and gaseous fuel prior to the mixture flowing into an intake manifold of the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Cummins Intellectual Property, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert G. Sperry
  • Patent number: 8572949
    Abstract: A flow guide (8) is provided for an exhaust system (3) of an internal combustion engine (1), especially in a motor vehicle. The flow guide (8) has at least one U-shaped guide plate body (13), which can be mounted with its U-base (14) on a pipe section (4?) of the exhaust system (3) and whose U-legs (15) form in the mounted state a flow guide plate (15) each. The flow guide plate cooperates with an exhaust gas stream (19) being guided in the pipe section (4?) during the operation of the exhaust system (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Eberspächer Exhaust Technology GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Georg Wirth
  • Patent number: 8449763
    Abstract: Embodiments of a nozzle reactor of the type useable to inject a first material feed stock and a second material feed stock to cause interaction between the first material feed stock and second material feed stock are described herein. According to some embodiments, the nozzle reactor may crack residual oil produced by other processing units in a refinery process. Furthermore, nozzle reactors may replace traditional processing units of a refinery process, such as cokers, hydrocrackers and deasphalting units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Marathon Canadian Oil Sands Holding Limited
    Inventor: Willem P. C. Duyvesteyn
  • Patent number: 7942139
    Abstract: A ring insert for an air intake conduit for an internal combustion engine comprising a sleeve-shaped body which is tightly mounted within the air intake conduit. The body has an inner surface which includes an annular surface in the shape of a truncated cone defining an annular inclined surface that is narrower at the forward edge of the body than at the rearward edge forming a venturi directly adjacent the rearward edge. The forward edge of the body is smoothly contoured and the rearward edge of the body is smoothly contoured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Inventor: Kirk J. Rockwell
  • Patent number: 7815700
    Abstract: A device, system and method of mixing two fluids are described herein. A gaseous first fluid is distributed through a distribution zone to a mixing zone by a bundle of pipes parallel to an axis inside which the first fluid is uniformly distributed. A second fluid is uniformly distributed outside the pipes in the distribution zone. The mixing zone is separated from the distribution zone by a pipe-plate supporting the pipes. The pipe-plate has slits or openings to uniformly discharge the second fluid in an axial flow direction into the mixing zone. The pipes extend beyond the pipe-plate into the mixing zone to partialize an outlet flow of the first fluid. In one aspect, the pipes have different lengths to partialize the outlet flow. In another aspect, a terminal portion of the pipes partializes the outlet flow axially, radially, transversally or a combination thereof in the mixing zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Andrea Bartolini, Luca Basini, Alessandra Guarinoni, Antonio Bennardo, Nicola Onorati
  • Patent number: 7665442
    Abstract: A throttle plate for use with internal combustion engines comprised of a relatively thin piece of material so that installation of the throttle plate between the carburetor or throttle body and intake manifold of a vehicle does not require additional brackets or components to correct throttle cable linkage length or geometry. The throttle plate comprises a plate having apertures to accommodate pre-existing connectors and a perimeter that corresponds to connections between, and the geometry of, the carburetor or throttle body and intake manifold. The plate fits between the carburetor or throttle body and intake manifold and defines at least one airflow hole corresponding to the airflow path in the carburetor or throttle body. If there are multiple airflow paths between the carburetor or throttle body and intake manifold, then there will be multiple airflow holes. One or more vanes integral with the plate extend radially from the perimeter of each airflow hole toward its center.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: Everaid Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: John Levitz, Sam Enloe
  • Patent number: 7556031
    Abstract: An air/fuel flow structure for enhancing the fuel efficiency of an internal combustion engine includes a generally conical-shaped flow path useable in the engine. One or more tab and one or more notch are formed in the conical path to alter one or more characteristics, such as pressure and velocity, of the gas flow. The apparatus may be positioned in the air intake system. Alternatively, the apparatus may be positioned in the exhaust system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Global Sustainability Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Raymond B. Russell
  • Patent number: 7517557
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to produce an oxide film having good surface morphology and crystal quality, by a metal organic chemical vapor deposition using two or more raw material gases of metal organic compounds and oxygen gas. It is used a film forming system having a first supply hole 11A, a second supply hole 11B, a third supply hole 11C and a film forming chamber 7. A first raw material gas “A” containing a first metal organic compound is supplied through the first supply hole 11A into the chamber 7. A second raw material gas “B” containing the second metal organic compound is supplied through the second supply hole 11B into the chamber 7, and oxygen gas “C” is supplied through the third supply hole 11C into the chamber 7. The oxygen gas “D” contacts the first raw material gas “E” before the oxygen gas is mixed with the second raw material gas “F” in the chamber 7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Makoto Iwai, Makoto Ohmori, Takashi Yoshino, Minoru Imaeda
  • Publication number: 20080244974
    Abstract: A device is described for mixing two fluids, inserted in or combined with a reactor, which can also be used for catalytic partial oxidation, substantially consisting of the following zones:—a first feeding zone equipped with means for allowing a first fluid, possibly gaseous under the operating conditions, to enter in an axial direction;—an underlying distribution zone containing a bundle of pipes preferably parallel to the axis inside which said fluid is uniformly distributed;—a second feeding zone equipped with means for allowing a second fluid to enter the distribution zone containing the bundle of preferably parallel pipes and to be uniformly distributed outside said parallel pipes;—a mixing zone separated from the distribution zone by a pipe-plate supporting said parallel pipes, said pipe-plate having slits or openings in order to uniformly discharge the second fluid in an axial direction into the mixing area, and said parallel pipes extending beyond said pipe-plate into the mixing zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2006
    Publication date: October 9, 2008
    Applicant: ENI S.P.A.
    Inventors: Andrea Bartolini, Luca Basini, Alessandra Guarinoni, Antonio Bennardo, Nicola Onorati
  • Patent number: 7048772
    Abstract: A process for carrying out secondary reforming reactions for the production of synthesis gas wherein a gas flow comprising oxygen and a gas flow comprising hydrocarbons are fed into a combustion chamber and are reacted upon mixing, thus obtaining a gas flow comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide fed in turn to a catalytic bed for carrying out a steam reforming reaction, is distinguished in that it comprises the steps of:—feeding the gas flow comprising oxygen in the combustion chamber in the form of a plurality of jets not laid the one upon the other with respect to the direction of the flow comprising hydrocarbons and generated by corresponding parallel streamtubes having equal velocity;—splitting the plurality of jets within the gas flow comprising hydrocarbons in the combustion chamber so as to mix the gas flow comprising oxygen with amounts of gas flow comprising hydrocarbons at local constant ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2006
    Assignee: Casale Chemicals S.A.
    Inventor: Gianfranco Bedetti
  • Patent number: 6901907
    Abstract: The air-stirring blade is provided that comprises a cylindrical body whose mid portion is provided with blade of such a construction that the inner side of the blade takes the form of stirred grooves with dip angle of about 10° to 80° or typically 30° with respect to vertical axis of the body. The outer side of the blade is of the same shape with the inner side thereof and there are four tangent lines between the blade and body forming a channel of cap-shaped cross-section which is twisted along the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Inventor: Heru Prasanta Wijaya
  • Patent number: 6895924
    Abstract: A device for use in an intake path of an internal combustion engine may include a body portion, e.g., an insert body portion sized to be received within an opening defined in an intake path of an internal combustion engine, and at least one passage surface defining at least one passage about an axis through the body portion. The passage surface may define at least one channel. At least a portion of the passage surface may be tapered. Further, at least a portion of the passage surface may form at least a part of a venturi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: CMB Enterprises, LLC
    Inventors: Mark L. Buswell, Craig L. Buswell
  • Patent number: 6793699
    Abstract: The invention provides an apparatus for online and on-site tracer generation for tagging natural gas stored in underground storage fields wherein feedstock is drawn from a feedstock source. The feedstock undergoes initial analysis to determine hydrocarbons levels. The feedstock then undergoes reaction to produce tracers such as ethylene, propylene, acetylene hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The feedstock is then analyzed to determine post reaction tracer concentration. The feedstock including generated tracers is then introduced back into the feedstock stream. Tracer levels in the pre-reaction or initial analysis of feedstock are compared with tracer levels in the post-reaction feedstock and the rate of flow of feedstock through the system is adjusted to achieve a predetermined level of tracer concentration. The level of tracer concentration will then be used to identify the particular natural gas charge in a storage field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Inventors: Dennis D. Coleman, Rodney R. Ruch, Shiaoguo Chen, Massoud Rostam-Abadi
  • Patent number: 6758461
    Abstract: In a fuel-air mixture device, downstream of a throttle (4) and a fuel introduction device, a block (51) is provided across the primary air passage (2). The block has a plurality of passageways (54) through it for air flow towards an inlet manifold. These improve mixture of the fuel and air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Inventor: Kristian Bjorn Omarsson
  • Publication number: 20030188486
    Abstract: A reformer (5) which generates hydrogen-rich reformate gas by causing a catalytic reaction of fuel and air comprises a premixing chamber (12) for premixing the fuel with the air. High temperature air is supplied to the premixing chamber (12) from an air intake tube (13) via an orifice (14). A fuel injector (16) injects the fuel into the flow of the high temperature air in the premixing chamber (12) to generate fuel-air mixture. A homogenizing filter (17) homogenizes the composition of the fuel-air mixture in the premixing chamber (12) and supplies a uniform fuel-air mixture to a reforming catalyst (11).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2003
    Publication date: October 9, 2003
    Applicant: NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shiro Tanaka, Mikiya Shinohara, Akihiro Sakakida, Tadashi Shoji
  • Patent number: 6601562
    Abstract: A device for use in an intake path of an internal combustion engine includes a body portion having an upper surface and a lower surface. The body portion includes at least one passage surface defining at least one passage about an axis from the upper surface to the lower surface. The passage surface further defines a plurality of channels about the axis of the passage. Each channel extends from a channel opening in the upper surface to a channel opening in the lower surface. Further, the device may include a passage surface that is a continuous surface from the upper surface of the body portion to the lower surface of the body portion. The continuous surface extends from a first opening of the passage inward towards the axis of the passage and then further extends away from the axis towards a second opening of the passage at the lower surface of the body portion forming a venturi through the device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: CMB Enterprises, LLC
    Inventors: Mark L. Buswell, Craig L. Buswell
  • Patent number: 6536420
    Abstract: Swirl is imparted to an air intake charge by a gas swirling device which may be inserted into an air intake hose or secured to a throttle body. The gas swirling device has a cylindrical body which is split along a generally longitudinally extending seam to allow the device to adjust its radial dimension. The device is formed from a single piece of bendable material and includes a plurality of swirling vanes which are formed integral with the cylindrical body of material and which are bent radially inwardly toward the central axis of the cylinder. In an embodiment for axial air flow, each of the blades is skewed relative to the axis of the cylinder for changing the direction of air flow through the cylinder and to encourage swirl in the air flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2003
    Inventor: Theodore Y. Cheng
  • Patent number: 6299657
    Abstract: In the reaction process, at least two educts A, B are divided by a system, assigned to each of them, of slit-like microchannels 1a, 1b into spatially separate fluid lamellae, which then emerge into a common mixing and reaction space 4. The fluid lamellae here have a thickness <1,000 &mgr;m, preferably <100 &mgr;m, at a width thickness ratio of at least 10. It is essential here that educts A, B can emerge as thin fluid lamellae 6a, 6b into the mixing/reaction space 4, each fluid lamella 6a of an educt A being led into the mixing/reaction space 4 in the immediate vicinity of a fluid lamella 6b of another educt B. The adjacent fluid lamellae 6a, 6b then subsequently mix by diffusion and/or turbulence. As a result, the mixing operation is accelerated substantially compared with conventional reactors. In the case of rapid chemical reactions, the formation of undesirable by-products or secondary products is largely prevented in this manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Klaus Schubert, Wilhelm Bier, Gerd Linder, Erhard Herrmann, Bernd Koglin, Thomas Menzel, Christine Maul
  • Patent number: 6213453
    Abstract: A gasification auxiliary device for high pressure oil ejection is disclosed, especially, a multiple penetrating gasification auxiliary device. The device can be used to atomize oil molecules. The gasification auxiliary device includes an upper case, a lower case, and two banks of gasification blades. The two banks of gasification blades are alternatively arranged with one another. The gasification blades can be provided within the device, so that the lower half edges and upper half edges of alternative gasification blades do not have gasification holes and are tightly connected to the case. Alternatively, the gasification blades can be arranged within the device, so that a gap exists alternatively between the upper and lower edge of the gasification blades and the wall of the case. When oil under high pressure is ejected into the device, the oil molecules will pass through the holes or gaps and gasify.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Inventor: Ren-Sheng Ou