Carboxamide, Amine Oxide, Heterocyclic, Quaternary, Or Zwitterion Nitrogen-containing Component Patents (Class 510/237)
  • Patent number: 6035869
    Abstract: Dishes are cleaned by washing them with a cleaning implement which has been charged with the detergent in a solid block made from a formulation having a water-soluble alkali metal salt content of 15-60% by weight and a surfactant content of 10-70% by weight, said surfactant comprising 15-100% by weight of at least one amine oxide corresponding to the formula RR'R"NO .multidot.nH.sub.2 O in which R and R' are independently selected from methyl, ethyl, and 2-hydroxyethyl, R" is a primary alkyl group containing 12-16 carbons, and n represents 0, 1, or 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2000
    Assignee: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventors: Deborah A. Quebedeaux, Joe D. Sauer, Conrad J. Langlois, Jr., Patrick C. Hu
  • Patent number: 6034046
    Abstract: An improvement is described in all purpose liquid bathroom cleaning compositions which are especially effective in the prevention of soap scum buildup containing a zwitterionic surfactant, a glycol ether cosurfactant, an agent for the prevention of soap scum buildup and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Claude Blanvalet, Isabelle Capron
  • Patent number: 6015780
    Abstract: A surfactant composition containing: (a) from 2 to 20% by weight of a betaine having a fatty residue containing exactly 12 carbon atoms; (b) from 3 to 18% by weight of an alkyl and/or alkenyl oligoglycoside; and (c) from 15 to 35% by weight of a fatty alcohol ether sulfate, all weights being based on the weight of the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2000
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Joaquin Llosas Bigorra, Nuria Bonastre Gilabert, Miguel Osset Hernandez, Xavier Closa Cruxens, Rafael Pi Subirana
  • Patent number: 6013611
    Abstract: A light duty liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a water soluble nonionic surfactant, an alkali metal or ammonium salt of a C.sub.8-18 ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate anionic surfactant, a magnesium salt of a sulfonate surfactant, a betaine surfactant and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2000
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Barbara Thomas, Gilbert Gomes, Julien Drapier, John Church
  • Patent number: 6010992
    Abstract: A liquid detergent composition with improved pH and color stability comprising an amine oxide, citric acid and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2000
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Co.
    Inventors: Evangelia Arvanitidou, Gary Jakubicki
  • Patent number: 6008261
    Abstract: Aqueous surfactant compositions, with a high viscosity, comprising an anionic surfactant or a mixture of anionic surfactants, an alkyl ester of lactic acid or a mixture of alkyl esters of lactic acid and, optionally, an electrolyte. The above compositions can be used for the preparation of liquid detergents, either transparent or translucent, opaque or pearly, for use as "personal care" products, domestic detergents, car detergents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1999
    Assignee: Condea Augusta S.p.A.
    Inventors: Calogero Genova, Filippo Montesion, Edy Bozzeda
  • Patent number: 5998344
    Abstract: Disclosed for cleaning hard surfaces is a detergent gel containing:(a) a detergent composition without thickeners having(i) a first surfactant, wherein the first surfactant is a non-ionic glycolipid, and(ii) a second surfactant, wherein the second surfactant is a charged surfactant, wherein the ratio of the first surfactant and the second surfactant is 1:10-10:1;(b) water, wherein the detergent composition is mixed with a sufficient amount of water to induce a phase change from a liquid phase to a gel phase; and(c) one or more enzymes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Novo Nordisk A/S
    Inventors: Poul N.o slashed.rgaard Christensen, Bo Kalum, Otto Andresen
  • Patent number: 5998347
    Abstract: A light duty, liquid comprising: a C.sub.8 -C.sub.18 ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate surfactant, a magnesium salt of a C.sub.8 -C.sub.18 linear alkyl benzene sulfonate, a sodium salt of a C.sub.8 -C.sub.18 linear alkyl benzene sulfonate, an amine oxide, a polyalkylglucoside, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Robert D'Ambrogio, Gary Jakubicki, Evangelia Arvanitidou, Joan Gambogi
  • Patent number: 5990065
    Abstract: The present invention relates to detergent compositions containing low molecular weight organic diamines. More particularly, the invention is directed to detergent compositions for hand dishwashing which has improved grease removal performance and benefits in sudsing. The detergents of this invention also have improved low temperature stability properties and dissolution properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Phillip Kyle Vinson, Janice L. Oglesby, Jeffrey J. Scheibel, William M. Scheper, Kofi Ofosu-Asante, Joanna Margaret Clarke, Robert N. Owens
  • Patent number: 5985813
    Abstract: A light duty, liquid cleaning composition with good grease cleaning properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a water soluble nonionic surfactant, a nonionic polymer, a cationic surfactant and an amine oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Co.
    Inventor: Evangelia Arvanitidou
  • Patent number: 5972867
    Abstract: A light duty, liquid comprising: a paraffin sulfonate, an alpha olefin sulfonate, an amine oxide, a poly alkyl glucoside, a magnesium containing inorganic compound, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Assignee: Cogate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Joan Gambogi, Evangelia Arvanitidou, Leonard Zyzyck
  • Patent number: 5958868
    Abstract: The invention concerns aqueous surfactant concentrates having a solids content of between 35 and 65 wt % and containing (a1) alkyl oligoglycosides and/or alkenyl oligoglycosides; and/or (a2) fatty acid N-alkylpolyhydroxy alkylamides; and (b) betaine, in weight ratios of (a):(b) of between 10:90 and 90:10; wherein the pH of these concentrates is between 3.5 and 6.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Rafael Pi Subirana, Nuria Bonastre Gilabert, Ester Prat Queralt, Joaquim Bigorra Llosas
  • Patent number: 5955417
    Abstract: A scouring pad is disclosed for cleaning and polishing delicate surfaces. The pad includes a three dimensional lofty nonwoven web made out of a plurality of polyester fibers and a cleansing composition which is present in the voids within the web in dry form. The cleansing composition is, preferably, a surfactant blend containing suitable amounts of stearic monoethanolamide, coconut monoethanolamide, dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid, sodium xylene sulfonate, sodium hydroxide, sodium lauryl sulfate, and water or suitable substitutes of the above. The cleansing composition may be a fatty acid based soap also.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: The Dial Corporation
    Inventor: John C. Taylor
  • Patent number: 5955411
    Abstract: A light duty, liquid comprising: a magnesium linear alkyl benzene sulfonate, a sodium ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate, an ammonium ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate, an alpha olefin sulfonate, a poly alkyl glucoside, polyethylene glycol and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventor: Philip Gorlin
  • Patent number: 5955408
    Abstract: A disinfectant hand wash includes triclosan and a reduced amount of surfactants in order to reduce skin irritation while maintaining improved activity against Gram negative and Gram positive organisms, including Serratia marcescens. The hand wash includes an effective amount of triclosan, preferrably 0.2-3.0% and a non-aqueous solvent. A mixture of hexylene glycol and isopropanol provide improved efficacy in killing skin-born microbes. The hand wash further includes 2-20% surfactant, preferrably at less than 10%. The hand wash further includes a chelating agent, a thickener, a buffering agent, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: STERIS Inc.
    Inventors: Nancy E. Kaiser, Denise K. Pretzer
  • Patent number: 5955407
    Abstract: A composition comprising: an organic chemical having a chemical group having a dipole moment of at least about 1.5 Debyes and a chemical linker selected from the group consisting of carbovlic acids having 4 to 6 carbon atoms, an ethoxylated polyhydric alcohol, a polyvinyl pyrrolidone and a polyethylene glycol having a molecular weight of about 600 to about 10,000, wherein the molar ratio of organic chemical to chemical linker is about 4:1 to 1:4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Co.
    Inventors: Michele Davister, Guy Broze, Patrick Durbut, Hoai-Chau Cao, Thomas Connors, John Labows, Anne-Marie Misselyn
  • Patent number: 5952278
    Abstract: Mild detergent compositions which exhibit good cleaning performance comprise detergent surfactants and small amounts of protease. A preferred embodiment additionally contains suds boosters and divalent ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Mark Hsiang-Kuen Mao, Janet Layne Marshall, Martha Orrico Visscher
  • Patent number: 5948742
    Abstract: An aerosol cleaning composition for hard surfaces is provided with a surprisingly enhanced bathroom soil removal capability. The dispensable includes: (a) an anionic, nonionic, amphoteric surfactant, and mixtures thereof with optionally, a quaternary ammonium surfactant, the total amount of said surfactant being present in a cleaning effective amount; (b) at least one water-soluble or dispersible organic solvent having a vapor pressure of at least 0.001 mm Hg at 25.degree. C., said at least one organic solvent present in a solubilizing--or dispersion--effective amount; (c) a chelating agent selected from the group consisting of tri- or tetrapotassium ethylenediamine-tetraacetate (potassium EDTA), tri- or tetraammonium ethylenediamine-tetraacetate (ammonium EDTA) and mixtures thereof, said chelating agent present in an amount effective to enhance bathroom soil removal in said composition; (d) an effective amount of a propellant; and (e) the remainder, water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: The Clorox Company
    Inventors: Jennifer Chang, Maria G. Ochomogo, Wayne B. Scott, Michael H. Robbins
  • Patent number: 5939374
    Abstract: A blooming type, hard surface cleaning concentrate composition includes as a blooming system the following essential constituents: a cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant; an anionic carboxylated alcohol alkoxylate surfactant; a surfactant compatibilizing agent; and, water. Further optional constituents may also be included including additional anionic, cationic, nonionic, amphoteric and zwitterionic surfactants especially to provide a further detersive effect; organic solvents such as alcohols, ethers, glycol ethers to aid in stain solubilization, as well as conventional additves such as coloring agents including dyes, fragrances, and others. In preferred embodiment, the concentrate compositions and cleaning compositions also provide a germicidal effect to hard surfaces. The cleaning concentrates exhibit a charateristic bloom when admixed to a larger volume of water, yet are substantially clear and shelf stable as concentrate compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Reckitt & Colman Inc.
    Inventors: Alan Francis Richter, Frederic Albert Taraschi
  • Patent number: 5939378
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method of manufacturing a concentrated aqueous solution of an amine oxide and the use of the solution in cleaning compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Orum D. Stringer, Syed Hasain Abbas, Ravi Subramanyam
  • Patent number: 5929009
    Abstract: A liquid detergent composition with improved color stability comprising an amine oxide, a penta sodium salt of diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Co.
    Inventor: Joan Gambogi
  • Patent number: 5929016
    Abstract: Aqueous based cleaning compositions simultaneously featuring disinfecting, low residue deposit and good cleaning characteristics are provided. The compositions include one or more quaternary amine compounds as disinfecting active agents, an organic solvent system which includes glycol mono-n-butyl ether or a binary system including a glycol ether with a linear primary alcohol, and either one or more betaines, or one or more amine oxides as a surfactant constituent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Reckitt & Colman Inc.
    Inventor: Kenneth A. Harrison
  • Patent number: 5929023
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a cleaning composition containing at least one first surfactant selected from the group consisting of nonionic surfactants, anionic surfactants, partially esterified ethoxylated glycerol surfactants, and alkyl polyglucoside surfactants and mixtures thereof and a second surfactant selected from the group consisting of sulfonamide, hydroxy sulfobetaine, betaines, amine oxides, glucoamides, N-C.sub.1-3 alkyl C.sub.8 -C.sub.16 alkyl glucoamide, and C.sub.5 -C.sub.12 N-alkyl aldoamide and mixtures thereof and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Patrick Durbut, Guy Broze
  • Patent number: 5925606
    Abstract: A liquid cleaning composition includes a carboxylic acid, surfactant and organic solvent. The composition is particularly effective for removing soap scum, limescale and hard water spots from tubs, tiles and showers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: Amway Corporation
    Inventor: Charles L. Stamm
  • Patent number: 5922672
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method of manufacturing a concentrated aqueous solution of an amine oxide and the use of the solution in cleaning compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Co
    Inventors: Orum D. Stringer, Syed Hasain Abbas, Ravi Subramanyam
  • Patent number: 5922669
    Abstract: Improved results are obtained in the no-rub cleaning of hard surfaces when the cleaner used in the process is an aqueous solution of (A) about 40-50% by weight of a nonionic surfactant mixture of an alcohol ethoxylate and a C.sub.8-16 alkyldimethylamine oxide in a weight ratio of about 5-15/1 and (B) correspondingly, about 60-50% by weight of one or more nitrogenous builders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1999
    Assignee: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventors: Deborah A. Quebedeaux, Conrad J. Langlois, Jr., Joe D. Sauer, Patrick C. Hu
  • Patent number: 5922662
    Abstract: A high foaming, light duty, liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a water soluble nonionic surfactant at least one water soluble, foaming, anionic surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant, an alkyl succinamate and the balance being water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventor: Barbara Thomas
  • Patent number: 5919749
    Abstract: A detergent composition, which exerts sufficient detergency and foaming power even in the presence of oily stains comprising an amide ether carboxylate component (a) and an amide ether component (b), wherein the weight ratio of the content of the component (a) to the content of the component (b) is from 0.1 to 100; the molar ratio of the total divalent metal salt ions (X) in the whole composition and to total anionic surfactants (Y) including the component (a) is from 0.025 to 10; and the composition contains substantially no glycerol or glycerol ether component (z) or the content of said component (z) is not more than 10% by weight based on the sum of the contents of the components (a), (b) and (z) as defined in the specification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Yuichi Sakamoto, Taeko Hayase, Kazutoshi Ide, Masaki Tosaka, Noriyuki Morii, Tomoko Shibata
  • Patent number: 5919312
    Abstract: Composition for cleaning cooking surfaces comprises, by weight, from about 0.5% to about 10% of a surfactant selected from the group consisting of polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants having the formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is H, methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, 2-hydroxyl ethyl or 2-hydroxy propyl; R.sub.2 is a C.sub.5 -C.sub.31 hydrocarbyl; and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls directly connected to the chain, or an alkoxylated derivative of the polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl wherein at least one of the hydroxyls is alkoxylated; from about 0% to about 10% of a surfactant selected from the group consisting of amine oxide surfactants having the formula:R.sub.3 R.sub.4 R.sub.5 N.fwdarw.Owherein R.sub.3 is an alkyl having from about 8 to about 16 carbon atoms, and R.sub.4 and R.sub.5 are each independently methyl or ethyl; and mixtures thereof; from about 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Thomas James Wierenga, James August Weikel, David Charles Underwood
  • Patent number: 5919745
    Abstract: A liquid aqueous laundry detergent composition having improved cleaning properties and comprising a nonionic surfactant; about 0.25 to about 20 wt. % of an N--C.sub.8 --C.sub.20 alkyl and/or N-unsaturated C.sub.16 -C.sub.18 hydrocarbyl amine of a C.sub.1 -C.sub.7 monocarboxylic acid or salt thereof as an amphoteric surfactant; an alkaline substance in an amount sufficient to cause the wash liquor containing said detergent composition to have a pH of about 8 to about 11 determined ten minutes after the initiation of washing under standard conditions; and about 30 to about 95 wt. % of water, based on the total weight of the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc
    Inventors: Francis R. Cala, Charles D. Carr, John Ip
  • Patent number: 5910477
    Abstract: An aqueous viscous composition comprises: (a) from 0.5% to 1.2% of an ingredient comprising an amine, amine oxide or a mixture thereof; (b) between 4% and 7% of an ingredient comprising a secondary alkyl sulfate, secondary alkyl sulfonate, primary monobranched alkyl sulfate, primary monobranched alkyl sulfonate or mixture thereof, (c) between 2% and 4% hydrotrope; and (d) between 4% and 8% citric acid. The amount of component (b) is in excess of component (a), and the composition has a pH of from 3 to 4. A 1.2%, by weight, aqueous solution of the composition has an average rate of foam collapse of from 1.00 to 1.50 cm/min.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: Neil James Gordon
  • Patent number: 5906973
    Abstract: Aqueous detergents that thicken when mixed with water contain a combination of at least one tertiary amine oxide, at least one alkyl polyglycoside, and at least one water-soluble organic solvent. Also disclosed is the use of these detergents for cleaning hard surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1999
    Assignee: Henkel-Ecolab GmbH & Co. OHG
    Inventors: Dimitrios Ouzounis, Wolfgang Nierhaus
  • Patent number: 5891836
    Abstract: Disclosed are light-duty liquid or gel dishwashing detergent compositions that are especially useful for the manual washing of heavily soiled dishware. Such compositions are in the form of oil-in-water or bicontinuous microemulsions. They essentially contain an alkyl ether sulfate-based anionic surfactant, a polyhydroxy fatty acid amide-based nonionic surfactant component, a suds booster which is preferably an amine oxide, an aqueous liquid carrier, a liquid hydrocarbon such as isoparaffin and an glycol ether microemulsion-forming solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: Mark Leslie Kacher
  • Patent number: 5888957
    Abstract: All purpose cleaning or microemulsion compositions more environmentally friendly, which is especially effective in the removal of a mixture of oil and kaolin soil, contains an analephotropic negatively charged complex, a hydrocarbon ingredient, a cosurfactant, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Patrick Durbut, Guy Broze
  • Patent number: 5888955
    Abstract: Liquid dishwashing detergent compositions comprising a co-surfactant selected from amine oxides, betaines, branched alkyl carboxylates and non bridged polyhydroxy fatty acid amides. The dishwashing composition further comprises a bridged polyhydroxy fatty acid amide for improved sudsing performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Peter Robert Foley, Joanna Margaret Clarke, Yi-Chang Fu, Phillip Kyle Vinson
  • Patent number: 5888956
    Abstract: All purpose cleaning or microemulsion compositions more environmentally friendly, which is especially effective in the removal of a mixture of oil and kaolin soil, contains a negatively charged complex, a Lewis base, neutral polymer, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Patrick Durbut, Anne-Marie Misselyn, Guy Broze
  • Patent number: 5877143
    Abstract: A pumpable, fluid composition of amine oxide, betaine and/or sultaine is prepared with active concentration of about 36-45% of these materials by the addition of alkaline earth or aluminum salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Co.
    Inventors: Syed Husain Abbas, Orum D. Stringer, Ravi Subramanyam
  • Patent number: 5874394
    Abstract: A light duty liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a sulfonate surfactants, an alkali metal or ammonium salt of a C.sub.8-18 ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate anionic surfactant, a monoalkyl phosphate ester, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Barbara Thomas, Gilbert Gomes
  • Patent number: 5869439
    Abstract: A high foaming, light duty, liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a water soluble nonionic surfactant at least one water soluble, foaming, anionic surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant, an alkyl succinamate and the balance being water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Barbara Thomas, Gilbert Gomes
  • Patent number: 5858955
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method of manufacturing a concentrated aqueous solution of an amine oxide and the use of the solution in cleaning compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Orum D. Stringer, Syed Hasain Abbas, Ravi Subramanyam
  • Patent number: 5856292
    Abstract: A light duty liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a sulfonate surfactants, an alkali metal or ammonium salt of a C.sub.8-18 ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate anionic surfactant, an alkali metal salt of an alkyl succinamate, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1999
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Barbara Thomas, Gilbert Gomes
  • Patent number: 5851973
    Abstract: This invention is a manual dishwashing composition which comprises surfactant, calcium or magnesium ions, amylase enzymes, lipase enzymes, and polycarboyxlic polymer thickeners. An additional agent includes a calcium stabilizing agent such as malic acid or malic acid salt, maleic acid or maleic acid salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1998
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventor: Peter Robert Foley
  • Patent number: 5834417
    Abstract: A light duty liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a sulfonate surfactant, an alkali metal or ammonium salt of a C.sub.8-18 ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate anionic surfactant, an amine oxide surfactant, an ethoxylated monoalkanol amide, a monoalkanol amide, an alkyl polyglucoside surfactant, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Co.
    Inventors: Len Zyzyck, Elizabeth McCandlish
  • Patent number: 5817615
    Abstract: The invention provides an aqueous, hard surface cleaner with significantly improved residue removal and substantially reduced filming/streaking, said cleaner comprising:(a) an effective amount of at least one organic solvent with a vapor pressure of at least 0.001 mm Hg at 25.degree. C., and mixtures of such solvents;(b) an effective amount of at least one semi-polar nonionic surfactant, said surfactant having the structure: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is C.sub.5-20 alkyl, R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are both C.sub.1-4 alkyl, or --(CH.sub.2).sub.p --OH, although R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 do not have to be equal, and p is 1-6;(c) an effective amount of a buffering system which comprises a nitrogenous buffer which will result in a pH of greater than 6.5; and(d) the remainder as substantially all water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1998
    Assignee: The Clorox Company
    Inventors: Aram Garabedian, Jr., Scott C. Mills, William P. Sibert, Clement K. Choy
  • Patent number: 5814590
    Abstract: The present invention relates to hard surface cleaning compositions comprising a dianionic sulfosuccinamate and a polyethoxylated alcohol nonionic surfactant which provides non-streaking and non-filming benefits. The compositions of the present invention are effective on clear and colorless, shiny, or "semi-gloss" surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1998
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Alan Edward Sherry, Daniel Stedman Connor, Robert Emerson Stidham
  • Patent number: 5807816
    Abstract: Improved light duty cleaning compositions comprising 15-50% surfactant on product can be formulated such that they comprise, on surfactant:a) 50-70% wt of a mixture of primary alkyl sulphate and alkyl ether sulphate, wherein the average ethoxylation value of the mixture is 0.5-2.5,b) 2-8% wt of a betaine, an amine oxide or a mixture of betaine and amine oxide, and,c) 25-45% wt of an alkylpolyglucoside surfactant.It is believed that compositions which have an excess in surfactant of a mixture of both primary alkyl sulphate and alkyl ether sulphate in a specified ratio, i.e. such that the total EO is 0.5-2.5, together with a lesser, but significant level of APG and a minor amount of betaine, provide an acceptable combination of mildness, cleaning and foaming under a broad range of conditions and show surprising benefit in a bowl-wash situation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Assignee: Lever Brothers Company, Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: John Stuart Cottrell, George Kerr Rennie
  • Patent number: 5783535
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a detergent composition which comprises (A) an amidoether derivative mixture (A) comprising an amidoether carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, an amidoether, and a glycerin derivative; and (B) a conditioning component, wherein the total amount of the amidoether carboxylic acid or a salt thereof and the amidoether is 50 wt % or more; the weight ratio of the amidoether carboxylic acid or a salt thereof to the amidoether is from 99:1 to 10:90; and the amount of the glycerin derivative is 5 wt % or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1998
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuo Isobe, Toshikazu Azuma, Hideyo Nishikawa, Takashi Imamura
  • Patent number: 5780411
    Abstract: A high foaming, nonionic surfactant based, light duty, liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a water soluble nonionic surfactant as the major active ingredient, in an amount in excess of 40% by weight of the total surfactant content; a water soluble, foaming, anionic sulfate, a water soluble, foaming zwitterionic betaine surfactant, a pearlescing agent and the balance being water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Company
    Inventor: Rita Erilli
  • Patent number: 5767051
    Abstract: A light duty liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising: a nonionic surfactant, an alkali metal or ammonium salt of a C.sub.8-18 ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate anionic surfactant, an amine oxide surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant, an alkyl polyglucoside surfactant, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company
    Inventors: Julien Drapier, Maria Galvez, Nicole Kerzmann, Gary Jakubicki
  • Patent number: 5767050
    Abstract: A high foaming, surfactant based, light duty, liquid detergent with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising a biodegradable solubilizing agent, a water soluble, foaming, ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfate anionic surfactant optionally a nonionic surfactant and optionally a water soluble, foaming zwitterionic betaine surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Colgate-Palmolive Co.
    Inventors: Steven Adamy, Sat Bedi, Ammanuel Mehreteab, Barbara Thomas