At Least One Of The Benzene Rings Is Part Of A Bicyclo Ring System Patents (Class 534/832)
  • Patent number: 8962815
    Abstract: This invention relates to bis-azo colorants for use as bluing agents, laundry care compositions comprising bis-azo colorants that may serve as bluing agents, processes for making such bluing agents and laundry care compositions and methods of using the same. The bluing agents are generally comprised of at least two components: at least one chromophore component and at least one polymeric component. These bluing agents are advantageous in providing a whitening effect to fabrics, while not building up over time and causing undesirable blue discoloration to the treated fabrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Robert L Mahaffey, Jr., Xiaoyong Michael Hong, Eduardo Torres, Dominick J Valenti, Gregory Scot Miracle
  • Patent number: 8741190
    Abstract: To obtain a water-resistant polarizing film free from deterioration in dichroic ratio caused by water-resistant treatment, it is critical that adjacent sulfonic acid groups or sulfonate groups in the organic dyes to be used for the polarizing film are spaced at moderate intervals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Junzo Miyazaki, Shoichi Matsuda, Kyoko Nishiguchi
  • Patent number: 8586718
    Abstract: Dark quencher constructs, termed “multi-chromophoric quenchers” are described herein that comprise at least two dark quenching moieties, which can be the same or different, linked together by at least one multivalent linking moiety. The structure of the multi-chromophoric quenchers can be varied to selectively enhance quenching within a specific range of reporter emission wavelengths. This can be accomplished by linking together, into a single molecule, two or more identical quenchers, by reacting the quenchers with a multivalent linker. The structure of the multi-chromophoric quencher can also be varied to quench a broader range of reporter emission wavelengths than previously possible. This can be accomplished by linking together, into a single molecule, two or more different quenchers, by reacting the quenchers with a multivalent linker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventors: Scott C. Benson, Steven M. Menchen, Krishna G. Upadhya
  • Publication number: 20130247309
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a laundry shading process with specific blue or violet bisazo-dyes alone or in combination with a photocatalyst. Further aspects of the invention are a composition comprising at least one photocatalyst and at least one of the specific bisazo-dyes. The composition is particularly useful for shading textiles during laundry. Further aspects of the invention are a detergent composition, a fabric softener composition containing these dyes or mixtures of these dyes and photocatalysts and novel blue or violet bisazo-dyes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 13, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: CARMEN ARAYA HERNANDEZ, FRANK BACHMANN, HANS KRAMER, WOLFGANG SCHLENKER, DEEPAK M. RANE
  • Publication number: 20130211058
    Abstract: This invention relates to bis-azo colorants for use as bluing agents, laundry care compositions comprising bis-azo colorants that may serve as bluing agents, processes for making such bluing agents and laundry care compositions and methods of using the same. The bluing agents are generally comprised of at least two components: at least one chromophore component and at least one polymeric component. These bluing agents are advantageous in providing a whitening effect to fabrics, while not building up over time and causing undesirable blue discoloration to the treated fabrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: MILLIKEN & COMPANY
    Inventor: Milliken & Company
  • Patent number: 8491823
    Abstract: To obtain a water-resistant polarizing film free from deterioration in dichroic ratio caused by water-resistant treatment, it is critical that adjacent sulfonic acid groups or sulfonate groups in the organic dyes to be used for the polarizing film are spaced at moderate intervals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Junzo Miyazaki, Shoichi Matsuda, Kyoko Nishiguchi
  • Publication number: 20130078186
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compounds suitable as modulators of protein misfolding and/or protein aggregation. The compounds are particularly suitable as inhibitors of amyloid aggregate formation and/or modulators of amyloid surface properties, and/or as activators of degradation or reduction of amyloid aggregates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Applicant: MAX-DELBRUECK-CENTRUM FUER MOLEKULARE MEDIZIN
    Inventors: Erich Wanker, Thomas Wiglenda, Julius Tachu Babila, Annett Boeddrich, Michael Schmidt, Franziska Schiele
  • Patent number: 8308998
    Abstract: The polarizing film of the present invention contains the azo compound represented by the following general formula (I). In the general formula (I), Q represents a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, X represents a cationic group, a nitro group, a cyano group, or a hydroxyl group, and M represents a counter ion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Shoichi Matsuda, Kyoko Ishii, Sadahiro Nakanishi, Tadayuki Kameyama
  • Publication number: 20120202927
    Abstract: A method of preparing a pigment includes the steps of: a) providing a mixture including: a pigment selected from the group of pigments including at least 50 wt % of C.I. Pigment Violet 23, C.I. Pigment Red 146, C.I. Pigment Red 176, C.I. Pigment Red 177, C.I. Pigment Violet 19 and C.I. Pigment Orange 13 based on the total weight of the pigment; alkyl nitrile; and at least one acid selected from the group consisting of sulfuric acid and chlorosulfuric acid, with the acid present in the mixture in amount of more than 2 wt % based on the total weight of the pigment; b) heating the mixture for more than 2 hours to a temperature of at least 70° C.; and c) filtering the mixture and washing the filtrand with a washing liquid containing water until the filtrate has a pH between 4 and 7. Pigments obtainable by the method and non aqueous pigment dispersions are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2010
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Applicant: AGFA-GEVAERT N.V.
    Inventor: Geert Deroover
  • Patent number: 8232376
    Abstract: An azo compound having the following formula (I): A(E)n??(I) wherein A represents a residue of an azo compound, bonded with n pieces of E group through one or more heteroatom being N or O and forming a part of the residue A; E independently represents a hydrogen atom or —C(?O)—O—R1 wherein R1 represents a substituted or an unsubstituted alkyl group having 4 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group, an alkynyl group, a cycloalkyl group, a cycloalkenyl group or an aralkyl group; and n represents an integer of from 1 to 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventor: Masafumi Ohta
  • Publication number: 20100288166
    Abstract: The polarizing film of the present invention contains the azo compound represented by the following general formula (I). In the general formula (I), Q represents a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, X represents a cationic group, a nitro group, a cyano group, or a hydroxyl group, and M represents a counter ion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2010
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Applicant: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shoichi Matsuda, Kyoko Ishii, Sadahiro Nakanishi, Tadayuki Kameyama
  • Patent number: 7638611
    Abstract: A polarizer of the present invention comprises an azo compound which is represented by the following general formula (I). In the general formula (I), Q1 represents an optionally substituted aryl group, Q2 represents an optionally substituted arylene group, M represents a counter ion, l represents an integer of from 1 to 6, and m represents an integer of from 0 to 5 (l+m?6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2009
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Shoichi Matsuda, Kyoko Nishiguchi, Tadayuki Kameyama
  • Publication number: 20090005546
    Abstract: An azo compound having the following formula (I): A(E)n ??(I) wherein A represents a residue of an azo compound, bonded with n pieces of E group through one or more heteroatom being N or O and forming a part of the residue A; E independently represents a hydrogen atom or —C(?O)—O—R1 wherein R1 represents a substituted or an unsubstituted alkyl group having 4 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group, an alkynyl group, a cycloalkyl group, a cycloalkenyl group or an aralkyl group; and n represents an integer of from 1 to 10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2008
    Publication date: January 1, 2009
    Applicant: RICOH COMPANY, LTD.
    Inventor: Masafumi Ohta
  • Patent number: 6417178
    Abstract: Amyloid binding compounds which are derivatives of Chrysamine G, pharmaceutical compositions containing, and methods using such compounds to identify Alzheimer's brain in vivo and to diagnose other pathological conditions characterized by amyloidosis, such as Down's Syndrome are described. Pharmaceutical compositions containing Chrysamine G and derivatives thereof and methods using such compositions to prevent cell degeneration and amyloid-induced toxicity in amyloidosis associated conditions are also described. Methods using Chrysamine G derivatives to stain or detect amyloid deposits in biopsy or post-mortem tissue are also described. Methods using Chrysamine G derivatives to quantify amyloid deposits in homogenates of biopsy and post-mortem tissue are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh
    Inventors: William E. Klunk, Jay W. Pettegrew, Chester A. Mathis, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5827332
    Abstract: Azo dyes of the formula ##STR1## where the ring A may be benzofused,n is 0 or 1, and R.sup.1 -R.sup.8 are as defined,as pH-dependent markers for hydrocarbons, hydrocarbons containing the above-mentioned azo dyes, and a method for detecting these azo dyes in hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Georg Zeidler, Gerhard Scholz, Claudia Krah, Karin Heidrun Beck, Udo Mayer
  • Patent number: 5756693
    Abstract: A compound of the Formula (1) and salts thereof: ##STR1## wherein: A is optionally substituted phenyl or optionally substituted naphthyl;R.sup.1 is NR.sup.4 R.sup.5 ;R.sup.2 is H, halo, --COOH, --SO.sub.2 0H, optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted alkoxy, or optionally substituted alkylthio;R.sup.3, R.sup.4 & R.sup.5 are each independently H or optionally substituted alkyl;T is H or sulpho; andB is H, optionally substituted alkyl or optionally substituted phenyl;provided that the compound does not contain a piperazinyl group.The compound is suitable for use as a black colorant in ink jet printing inks especially for printing on plain paper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: Zeneca Limited
    Inventors: Ronald Wynford Kenyon, Peter Gregory
  • Patent number: 5676708
    Abstract: A dye composition that presents lower mutagenic characteristics useful in coloring petroleum products comprising a substantial amount of the dye of the formula ##STR1##
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1997
    Assignee: United Color, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Smith
  • Patent number: 5663309
    Abstract: Azo dyes of the formula ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is hydrogen or substituted or unsubstituted phenylamino,R.sub.2 is hydrogen, amino or N-mono- or N,N-di-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylamino,R.sub.3 is hydrogen or hydroxyl,R.sub.4 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, C.sub.2 -C.sub.4 alkanoylamino, ureido or halogen andK is as defined in claim 1,the azo dyes of the formula (1) comprising at least one and not more than two sulfo groups,are particularly suitable for dyeing or printing cellulosic fibre materials or naturally occurring or synthetic polyamide fibre materials with a high dyeing yield, and give dyeings and prints with good fastness properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Rudolf Hurter
  • Patent number: 5567470
    Abstract: A blue dyestuff represented by the formula (2) ##STR1## wherein each of R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 is independently a hydrogen atom, halogen atom, nitro group, hydroxy group, alkyl group which may have a substituent, alkoxy group, alkylsulfonylamino group or alkylcarbonylamino group, and each of R.sub.4 and R.sub.5 is independently an alkyl group which may have a substituent, and a heat-sensitive transfer sheet containing the above-mentioned dyestuff.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Incorporated
    Inventors: Hitoshi Koshida, Isamu Ghoda, Tsukasa Ohyama, Keisuke Takuma
  • Patent number: 5354512
    Abstract: A dye-containing polarizing film comprising a polarizing film material and a metal-containing dye represented by the following formula (I): ##STR1## wherein Me is a transition metal selected from copper, nickel, zinc and iron;Z is hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, sulfo or amino which is unsubstituted or substituted;Q is a 1-naphthol or 2-naphthol residue which is unsubstituted or substituted and has no or an additional phenylazo or naphthylazo group unsubstituted or substituted and in which a hydroxy group is adjacent to the azo group bonding to the benzene ring having Z and is linked with the transition metal denoted by Me to form the complex;when Q is the naphthol residue having no additional azo group, then T is naphthyl which is unsubstituted or substituted; andwhen Q is the naphthol residue having an additional azo group, the T is a phenyl or naphthyl group which is unsubstituted or substituted, which film exhibits comparable high polarizing activity with film using iodine and superior durability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company Limited
    Inventors: Kazuya Ogino, Setsuko Aoki, Koji Higashi
  • Patent number: 5334435
    Abstract: A recording liquid for ink-jet recording comprising coloring matter, which is an image-forming component, and a liquid medium for dissolving the coloring matter therein. The liquid medium is ethanol and the coloring matter is a dye represented by the following general formula (A): ##STR1## or the following general formula (B): ##STR2## as an image-forming component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1994
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Louis J. Rossi, Sunita P. Chavan
  • Patent number: 5332806
    Abstract: Azo dyes of the formula ##STR1## where A and B are each independently of the other substituted or unsubstituted phenyl or naphthyl and X is --N(R.sub.1)--SO.sub.2 --, --O--SO.sub.2 -- or --SO.sub.2 --N(R.sub.1)--, where R.sub.1 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl, produce very fast dyeings on nitrogen-containing or hydroxyl-containing fibre materials, paper or leather.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1994
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Rudolf Hurter
  • Patent number: 5278291
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of the sulphone of the formula ##STR1## consists in reductive cleavage of azo/azoxy dyestuffs of the formula ##STR2## where D is a radical of a diazo component from the benzene or naphthalene series.The invention also relates to the azo/azoxy dyestuffs mentioned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Karl-Josef Herd
  • Patent number: 5145953
    Abstract: A biscyclobutarene monomer is prepared having two cyclobutarene moieties bridged by a divalent radical having at least one azo linkage. The monomers can be polymerized to form polymers exhibiting outstanding thermooxidative stability at high temperatures for prolonged time periods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1992
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Robert A. Kirchhoff, Alan K. Schrock
  • Patent number: 5104572
    Abstract: A novel azo compound, which has a high dichroic ratio as well as a high solubility in liquid crystals, and a liquid crystal composition containing the same as disclosed. The liquid crystal composition enables an excellent and clear color display.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Kasei Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuo Ozawa, Hisayo Hosokai
  • Patent number: 5101020
    Abstract: Novel radio labeled dyes are provided for detecting proteins on gels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Assignee: Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine
    Inventor: James E. Fleming
  • Patent number: 5006128
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## and salts thereof, whereinR.sub.1 is hydrogen or methyl,R.sub.2 is hydrogen, methyl or acetamido,R.sub.3 is hydrogen, methyl or methoxy,R.sub.4 is hydrogen, C.sub.1-4 alkyl or hydroxy(C.sub.2-4 alkyl),R.sub.5 is hydroxy(C.sub.2-4 alkyl) or hydroxy(C.sub.2-4 alkoxy)C.sub.2-4 alkyl, or--NR.sub.4 R.sub.5 is a 5- or 6-membered ring containing 1 to 3 hetero atoms which ring is unsubstituted or substituted by 1 to 3 substituents selected from C.sub.1-4 alkyl and C.sub.2-4 alkyl monosubstituted by hydroxy or amino, andthe two naphthyl-2 groups are identically substituted, with the proviso that when R.sub.3 is methoxy, R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are different, solid and aqueous liquid dye compositions and printing inks comprising such compounds and salts and the use of such compounds and salts for dyeing and printing substrates, especially hydroxy group- and nitrogen-containing organic substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1991
    Assignee: Sandoz Ltd.
    Inventor: Reinhard Pedrazzi
  • Patent number: 4965345
    Abstract: Solvent dyes of the formula ##STR1## where ##STR2## R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are each, independently of the other, hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, methoxy or ethoxy,n is 0 or 1 andk, if n is 0, is the radical of a coupling component of the pyrazolone series or, if n is 1, is the radical of a coupling component of the pyrazolone, 2-naphthol, hydroxyquinoline, aniline, naphthylamine, pyridone or 2,6-diaminopyridine series,R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 each independently of the other being C.sub.1 -C.sub.22 -alkyl which may be substituted or interrupted by oxygen, imino or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkylimino, subject to the proviso that COR has more than 8 carbon atoms, are very highly suitable for coloring organic substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 23, 1990
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Hermann Loeffler
  • Patent number: 4956457
    Abstract: The new azo compounds are represented by the following general formula I ##STR1## Wherein R and R.sup.1 are hydrogen, --COCR.sub.3.sup.4 --COCHR.sub.2.sup.4, --SO.sub.2 CH.sub.3, --CO.sub.2 C.sub.2 H.sub.5, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 R.sup.4, --( CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 R.sup.4).sub.2, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 OH, --CONHCH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 R.sup.4 or --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 OCONH.sub.2 and R.sup.4 is Cl or a group of the formula ##STR2## --NHCO.sub.2 CH.sub.3 CH.sub.2 OH, --NHCO.sub.2 C.sub.2 H.sub.5, --NHOH, --NHCONHOH, or --NHCH.sub.3, whereby R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are similar or dissimilar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1990
    Inventor: Takeo Takayanagi
  • Patent number: 4952678
    Abstract: Trisazo dyes of the formula ##STR1## where R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are identical or different and each, independently of the others, is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, methoxy or chlorine, R.sup.5 is C.sub.2 -C.sub.4 -alkyl, X is C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 -mono- or dialkylamino, monobenzylamino, mono-(phenyl-ethyl)-amino, monophenylamino, N-(C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl)-N-benzylamino, N-(C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl)-N-(phenylethyl)amino or N-(C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl)-N-phenylamino or each of the phenyls substituted by C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl, cyclo-hexyl, 4-(C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl)cyclohexyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 -alkyloxy, phenoxy or C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 -alkanoyloxyl, or is OR, where R is C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 -alkyl, unsubstituted or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl-, cyclohexyl-, 4-(C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl)cyclohexyl-, C.sub.1 -C.sub.24 -alkoxy-, phenoxy- or C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Karl-Heinz Etzbach
  • Patent number: 4918169
    Abstract: Reactive dyes suitable for dyeing and printing cellulosic fiber materials by the cold pad-batch process having the formula ##STR1## wherein Fa is a monoazo or polyazo, metal complex azo, anthraquinone, phthalocyanine, formazane, azomethine, dioxazine, phenazine, stilbene, triphenylmethane, xanthene, thioxanthone, nitroaryl, napthoquinone, pyrenequinone or perylene-tetracarbimide dye radical, X is halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkylsulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, a sulfonic acid or phosphonic acid group or a quaternized ammonium group, r is 1 or 2, R is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, hydroxyl, cyano, carboxyl, sulfo, sulfato, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxycarbonyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy or phenyl, and A is a radical of the formula ##STR2## wherein R' is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by halogen, hydroxyl, cyano, carboxyl, sulfo, sulfato, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxycarbonyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy or phenyl, C.sub.5 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1990
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Karl Hoegerle
  • Patent number: 4904765
    Abstract: Dye mixtures contain an oil-soluble dye and a dye of the formula ##STR1## where D is phenyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by methyl or methoxy, R is hydrogen or methyl, R.sup.1 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl and R.sup.2 is C.sub.3 - or C.sub.4 -alkyl.The mixtures according to the invention are preferably used for coloring and marking mineral oil products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1990
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Bernd Derber, Rudolf Denninger
  • Patent number: 4863910
    Abstract: A complex of an azo compound of the formula ##STR1## wherein R and R' are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, --COCR.sub.4.sup.3, --COCHR.sub.2.sup.4, --CO.sub.2 C.sub.2 H.sub.5, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 R.sup.4, --(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 R.sup.4)2, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 OH, --CONHCH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 R.sup.4 and --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 OCOHN.sub.2, R.sup.4 is selected from the group consisting of chlorine, ##STR2## --NHCO.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 OH, --HNCO.sub.2 C.sub.2 H.sub.5, --NHOH, --NHCONHOH and --NHCH.sub.3 ; R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are individually selected from the group consisting of ##STR3## --NHCH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 Cl, --NHCONHOH, --NHCO.sub.2 C.sub.2 H.sub.5, 6-mercapropurin, 5-fluoruracil and prenissolin, R.sup.3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, --COCHR.sub.2.sup.4, --SO.sub.2 CH.sub.3, --COC.sub.2 H.sub.5, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 R.sub.4 and --CONH.sub.2, R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1989
    Inventor: Takeo Takayanagi
  • Patent number: 4841030
    Abstract: They are useful for dyeing and printing materials containing hydroxyl groups or amide groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1981
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1989
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Horst Jager
  • Patent number: 4841037
    Abstract: A naphthalene trisazo compound represented by the general formula (I) or (II): ##STR1## wherein A and B each represents a substituted or unsubstituted benzene or naphthalene ring; m represents zero or 1; and M represents an alkali metal atom, ammonium or H.Am (wherein Am represents an amine); or ##STR2## wherein X represents a hydrogen atom, a lower alkyl group, a phenyl group or a phenyl group substituted by --SO.sub.3 M; m represents zero or 1; M represents an alkali metal atom, ammonium or H.Am (wherein Am represents an amine); A, B and C each represents a substituted or an unsubstituted benzene or naphthalene ring, provided that B and C do not represent a naphthalene ring at the same time. A recording liquid containing these compounds is suitable for use in an ink-jet recording system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1989
    Assignees: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Mitsubishi Chemical Industries Limited
    Inventors: Tokuya Ohta, Masatsune Kobayashi, Yuko Suga, Konoe Miura, Hiroshi Takimoto, Tomio Yoneyama
  • Patent number: 4743523
    Abstract: A photosensitive member for electrophotography comprising a photosensitive layer containing an azo pigment selected from those represented by the following formulas (1)-(6): ##STR1## wherein R is an alkyl, aralkyl, aryl, or acyl each capable of having a substituent; Ar is an arylene or heterocyclic group each capable of having a substituent; Ar is a coupler residue group having a phenolic OH group; B is hydrogen, nitroso, or an alkyl, aralkyl, aryl or acyl group capable of having a substituent; and n is 0 or 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 10, 1988
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masataka Yamashita, Takao Takiguchi, Shoji Umehara, Masakazu Matsumoto, Shozo Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 4734218
    Abstract: Provided are novel dichroic azo dyestuffs, which contain skeletons represented by the following general formula: ##STR1## at one terminals of the long axes of the molecules of the azo dyestuffs, and liquid crystal compositions containing the dichroic azo dyestuffs in forms dissolved in liquid crystals. These dichroic azo dyestuffs have large dichroic ratios and high durability, and their compositions are employed as useful display devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1988
    Assignee: Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Incorporated
    Inventors: Keisuke Takuma, Kimitoshi Kato, Hiroshi Aiga, Yasuyuki Yamada, Tsutomu Nishizawa
  • Patent number: 4725674
    Abstract: Water-soluble monoazo and disazo compounds which have fiber-reactive dyestuff properties and containing as diazo component an optionally substituted phenyl radical or naphthyl radical or an optionally substituted phenylazophenyl, phenylazonaphthyl, naphthylazophenyl or naphthylazonaphthyl radical, and as coupling component that of a naphthol, aminonaphthaline or aminobenzene and as fiber-reactive group a group of the formula ##STR1## in which both R.sup.1 s, identical to or different from one another, denote a hydrogen atom or an optionally substituted alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, R is a hydrogen atom or a sulfo group and Y represents a vinyl group or a .beta.-thiosulfatoethyl, .beta.-phosphatoethyl, .beta.-chloroethyl or .beta.-sulfatoethyl group, this fiber-reactive grouping being bonded to the radical of the coupling component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1988
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Marcos Segal, Michael Kunze
  • Patent number: 4704452
    Abstract: Monoazo compounds of the formula ##STR1## in which one of the two substituents R.sub.1 or R.sub.2 or both substituents are C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 -alkyl or a group of the formula ##STR2## in which R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently of each other hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl and R.sub.5 is hydrogen, halogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl and the other of the two substitutents R.sub.1 or R.sub.2, when the two are not C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 -alkyl or a group of the formula (1a), is hydrogen, halogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl, and KK is the radical of a coupling component which is free of water-solubilizing groups the two described. These compounds can be used as dyes for dyeing or printing for example polyester fibre materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Liechti
  • Patent number: 4698421
    Abstract: A compound, or a salt thereof, represented by the following formula, ##STR1## wherein A is a substituted or unsubstituted phenylene or naphthylene group, B is ##STR2## in which R.sub.3 is a hydrogen atom or a lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, acylamino or ureido group, and R.sub.4 is a hydrogen atom or a lower alkyl or lower alkoxy group, R.sub.1 and R.sub.3 are independently a hydrogen atom or a substituted or unsubstituted lower alkyl group, X is a substituted or unsubstituted amino, lower alkoxy, substituted phenoxy or sulfo group, Y is --SO.sub.2 CH.dbd.CH.sub.2 or --SO.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 Z, in which Z is a group capable of being split by the action of an alkali, and m is 2 or 3, which is useful for dyeing hydroxyl group- or amide group-containing fiber materials to give dyed products of a brown color having excellent fastness properties with good build-up property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Yutaka Kayane, Hirokazu Sawamoto, Takashi Omura, Naoki Harada
  • Patent number: 4676923
    Abstract: New dichroic dyestuffs for the guest-host type liquid crystal and new liquid crystal compositions containing said dyestuff having an excellent improved dichroism and being prepared by introducing at least one group selected from the group consisting of phenyl, cyclohexyl, phenylcarbonyloxy and phenyloxycarbonyl group into a phenyl, a cyclohexyl or a naphthyl group at its 4-position, which is arranged at the end of a known dichroic dyestuff molecule along the major axis of the molecule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1987
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Nippon Kanko Shikiso Kenkyusho
    Inventors: Shigeo Yasui, Masashi Ono, Seiko Kobayashi, Shigeo Senzai, Tatsuo Uchida
  • Patent number: 4663440
    Abstract: A brown reactive dye represented by a free acid of the formula, ##STR1## wherein R is a hydrogen atom or a C.sub.1 to C.sub.4 alkyl group, X is --SO.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 Cl, --SO.sub.2 CH.dbd.CH.sub.2, --SO.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 OSO.sub.3 H or --SO.sub.2 CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 OPO.sub.3 H.sub.2, rings A, B and C are each a benzene or naphthalene ring which may have other substituent, m is 0 to 3 and n is 0 to 1.This dye is suitable for dyeing cellulose fibers brown to afford dyeings superior in fastnesses, acid stability, build-up property and level dyeing property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1981
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1987
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takashi Omura, Masaki Sunami, Yasuo Tezuka
  • Patent number: 4645832
    Abstract: Reactive azo dyes represented by the general formula (I) or (II): ##STR1## wherein M is a hydrogen atom or an alkali metal, R.sup.1 is a hydrogen atom, a chlorine atom, a lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, a nitro group or a carboxyl group, R.sup.2 and R.sup.8 are a lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group or a sulfonic acid group, R.sup.3, R.sup.7 and R.sup.9 are a hydrogen atom, a lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group, an acetylamino group or a sulfonic acid group, R.sup.4 and R.sup.5 are a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, a methoxy group or a sulfonic acid group, R.sup.6 is a hydrogen atom, a lower alkyl group, a lower alkoxy group or a sulfonic acid group, Z.sup.1 is a chlorine atom, a fluorine atom, an aliphatic or an aromatic amino residual group, a methoxy group or a phenoxy group, Z.sup.2 is the same one as Z.sup.1 when Z.sup.3 is ##STR2## Z.sup.2 is a chlorine atom or a fluorine atom when Z.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 24, 1987
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Industries Limited
    Inventors: Toshio Niwa, Yoshiaki Kato