Each Of The Benzene Rings Is Monocyclic Patents (Class 534/843)
  • Patent number: 9126899
    Abstract: The present invention addresses the problem of providing with a simple production process and with high efficiency a new photosensitive azobenzene derivative which is capable of freely controlling phase transition by photostimulation, and the problem is solved by using an azobenzene derivative represented by general formula (1). (1) (In the formula, R1 and R6 are independently an alkoxyl group having 6-18 carbon atoms, R2-R5 and R7-R10 are independently a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which may have branches, provided that not all of R2-R5 and R7-R10 are hydrogen).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignee: NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventor: Yasuo Norikane
  • Patent number: 9011988
    Abstract: A liquid-crystal compound denoted by general formula (I) below wherein each of the groups is defined and Dye denotes an azo dye residue denoted by general formula (II) with X and n also being defined. The azo liquid-crystal compound is capable of orientation with a high degree of orientation order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventor: Ryoji Goto
  • Patent number: 8974768
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compounds suitable as modulators of protein misfolding and/or protein aggregation. The compounds are particularly suitable as inhibitors of amyloid aggregate formation and/or modulators of amyloid surface properties, and/or as activators of degradation or reduction of amyloid aggregates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Max-Delbrueck-Centrum fuer Molekulare Medizin
    Inventors: Erich Wanker, Thomas Wiglenda, Julius Tachu Babila, Annett Boeddrich, Michael Schmidt, Franziska Schiele
  • Publication number: 20140323704
    Abstract: The present invention addresses the problem of providing with a simple production process and with high efficiency a new photosensitive azobenzene derivative which is capable of freely controlling phase transition by photostimulation, and the problem is solved by using an azobenzene derivative represented by general formula (1). (1) (In the formula, R1 and R6 are independently an alkoxyl group having 6-18 carbon atoms, R2-R5 and R7-R10 are independently a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1-4 carbon atoms which may have branches, provided that not all of R2-R5 and R7-R10 are hydrogen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventor: Yasuo Norikane
  • Patent number: 8585938
    Abstract: UV absorbing compounds that are effective in blocking UV and short-wavelength blue light are disclosed. The UV absorbing compounds are particularly suitable for use in intraocular lens materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: David L. Jinkerson, Walter R. Laredo
  • Publication number: 20130234125
    Abstract: An organic material consisting of a ?-conjugated molecule which is in a liquid form at ambient temperature and use thereof are provided. The ambient temperature liquid-form organic material according to the present invention consists of a ?-conjugated molecule having 2 or more side chains, the 2 or more side chains are same or different side chains selected from the group consisting of a branched alkyl chain, an alkyl chain having a polymerization site at a terminal, an oligosiloxane chain, a fluorocarbon chain, an oligoethylene glycol chain and derivatives thereof, and each of the 2 or more side chains is bound directly or via a substituent to the ?-conjugated molecule.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Inventor: Takashi Nakanishi
  • Publication number: 20130187090
    Abstract: A liquid-crystal compound denoted by general formula (I) below wherein each of the groups is defined and Dye denotes an azo dye residue denoted by general formula (II) with X and n also being defined. The azo liquid-crystal compound is capable of orientation with a high degree of orientation order.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Publication date: July 25, 2013
    Applicant: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Ryoji Goto
  • Publication number: 20130078186
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compounds suitable as modulators of protein misfolding and/or protein aggregation. The compounds are particularly suitable as inhibitors of amyloid aggregate formation and/or modulators of amyloid surface properties, and/or as activators of degradation or reduction of amyloid aggregates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Applicant: MAX-DELBRUECK-CENTRUM FUER MOLEKULARE MEDIZIN
    Inventors: Erich Wanker, Thomas Wiglenda, Julius Tachu Babila, Annett Boeddrich, Michael Schmidt, Franziska Schiele
  • Patent number: 8357210
    Abstract: Compounds of the general formula (I) a process for their preparation and their use for dyeing and/or printing organic substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventors: Rainer Nusser, Urs Daetwyler
  • Patent number: 8329775
    Abstract: Azo compounds that block visible light are disclosed. These light absorbers are particularly suitable for use in intraocular lens materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventor: Walter R. Laredo
  • Patent number: 8314214
    Abstract: Methods are disclosed for preparing compounds of Formula I: where R1, R3, and R4 are independently hydrogen or C1 to C4 alkyl, and R2 is: where R5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and C1 to C4 alkyl, or where R6, R7 and R8 are independently hydrogen or C1 to C4 alkyl; or the esters or pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof. The methods can involve converting a suitably functionalized aniline compound to a diazonium salt (which aniline compound can be first formed by reduction of a nitrobenzene) and coupling the diazonium salt with a suitably functionalized benzene compound. The suitably functionalized aniline compound either includes a primary alcohol or aldehyde group, which is then oxidized to a carboxylic acid group, or includes a nitrile or amide group, which is hydrolyzed to a carboxylic acid group. The methods can also involve the direct coupling (via reduction of nitro groups to form an azo linkage) of suitably functionalized nitrobenzenes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: Biocon Limited
    Inventors: Jennifer A. Riggs-Sauthier, Nnochiri N. Ekwuribe
  • Patent number: 8242144
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides non-naturally occurring polyphenol compounds that upregulate the expression of Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I). The disclosed compositions and methods can be used for treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disease and related disease states, including cholesterol or lipid related disorders, such as, e.g., atherosclerosis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Resverlogix Corp.
    Inventors: Norman C. W. Wong, Joseph E. L. Tucker, Henrik C. Hansen, Fabrizio S. Chiacchia, David McCaffrey
  • Patent number: 8207244
    Abstract: Azo compounds that block visible light are disclosed. These light absorbers are particularly suitable for use in intraocular lens materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventor: Walter R. Laredo
  • Publication number: 20120010177
    Abstract: The present invention is a method for identifying agents which modulate microRNA activity. The invention involves contacting a cell harboring a microRNA and a microRNA binding sequence, which is operably linked to a nucleic acid molecule encoding a reporter protein, with a test agent and determining whether the test agent increases or decreases the expression of the reporter protein thereby identifying a microRNA modulator. Antagonists identified by this screening assay are provided, as are methods for using the same to inhibit microRNA activity and prevent or treat disease.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2011
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: The Wistar Institute / North Carolina State University
    Inventors: Qihong Huang, Alexander Deiters, Kiranmai Gumireddy
  • Publication number: 20110178202
    Abstract: Azo compounds that block visible light are disclosed. These light absorbers are particularly suitable for use in intraocular lens materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Applicant: ALCON, INC.
    Inventor: Walter R. Laredo
  • Publication number: 20110082176
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides non-naturally occurring polyphenol compounds that upregulate the expression of Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I). The disclosed compositions and methods can be used for treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disease and related disease states, including cholesterol or lipid related disorders, such as, e.g., atherosclerosis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2010
    Publication date: April 7, 2011
    Inventors: Norman C.W. Wong, Joseph E.L. Tucker, Henrik C. Hansen, Fabrizio S. Chiacchia, David McCaffrey
  • Patent number: 7750130
    Abstract: Provided is the azobenzene derivative denoted by general formula (I). In general formula (I), R1 denotes a hydrogen atom or the like; Ar1 and Ar2 each independently denote an arylene group optionally comprising a substituent R or an aromatic heterocycle optionally comprising a substituent R, wherein Ar1 and Ar2 which are bonded through an azo group comprise at least two substituents denoted by R in total and multiple atoms and/or substituents denoted by R may be identical or different; R denotes a halogen atom or the like; X denotes an alkylene group optionally comprising a hetero atom; X1 denotes —NH— or the like; Y denotes a hydrogen atom or the like; a denotes an integer ranging from 0 to 2; and m and n each independently denote an integer ranging from 1 to 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: Riken
    Inventors: Mina Han, Masahiko Hara
  • Publication number: 20100112306
    Abstract: A process for printing an image on a substrate comprising applying to the substrate an ink comprising a medium and a mono azo compound of Formula (1) or a salt thereof: wherein: A and X are independently optionally substituted aryl or heteroaryl; B is independently optionally substituted arylene or heteroarylene, in either case comprising a phenylene ring which is attached to the —N?N— and —NRa— groups in the compound of Formula (1) in the para positions; Ra and Rb are independently H, optionally substituted alkyl or optionally substituted aryl; ?the compound of Formula (1) or a salt thereof is a water-soluble dye; and the ink is applied to the substrate by means of an ink jet printer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2007
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Applicant: FUJIFILM IMAGING COLORANTS LIMITED
    Inventor: Gavin Wright
  • Publication number: 20100069619
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to bisphenyl compounds that are useful for inhibit the ADP-ribosyl cyclase (ADPR-cyclase). More particularly, the disclosed compounds can be used for treatment and prevention of hypertension, hypertensive cardiac hypertrophy, diabetes, and diabetic nephropathy, in which pathogenesis ADPR-cyclase is involved. The compounds and compositions of the invention can be used for treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disease and related disease states, particularly, hypertension or diabetes related disorders, such as, hypertensive cardiac hypertrophy, diabetic nephropathy, and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Publication date: March 18, 2010
    Inventors: Uh-Hyun Kim, Ho-Jeong Kwon, Mie-Jae Im, Seon-Young Kim, Kwang-Hyun Park, So-Young Rah, Tae-Sik Nam, Byung-Ju Kim, Gul Rukhsana
  • Publication number: 20100056754
    Abstract: Nano-pumps including nano-motors that move dynamically in response to exterior stimuli, for example in response to photonic energy, electrical energy, a magnetic field, and/or a chemical concentration. The motion of such a molecular sized nano-motor structure can be managed and controlled so as to act as a pump. Such pumps could be used in nanobots in order to perform work.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2008
    Publication date: March 4, 2010
    Inventor: Dong June Ahn
  • Publication number: 20080139795
    Abstract: The present invention relates to halogenated 4-aminophenols and to halogenated 4-(phenyldiazenyl)phenols, to a process for their preparation and to the use of the halogenated 4-hydroxyphenols for preparing active ingredients, especially in pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2008
    Publication date: June 12, 2008
    Inventors: Karen Peilstocker, Albercht Marhold, Jens-Peter Joschek
  • Patent number: 7335752
    Abstract: An azobenzene derivative compound denoted by general formula (I): (wherein R1 denotes a hydrogen atom, halogen atom, cyano group, amino group, ester group, nitro group, alkyl group, alkoxyl group, cycloalkyl group, or heterocyclic group; m and n each independently denote an integer ranging from 1 to 6; R2 to R9 each independently denote a hydrogen atom or alkyl group; p and q each independently denote an integer ranging from 3 to 28; and r denotes 0 or 1). Particles formed by aggregates of the above azobenzene derivative compounds and method of fabricating the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2008
    Assignee: Riken
    Inventors: Mina Han, Masahiko Hara
  • Patent number: 7074906
    Abstract: Provided is a novel one-pot, organic solvent-free process for the preparation of 2-(2-nitrophenylazo) substituted phenols. The 2-(2-nitrophenylazo) substituted phenols are precursors for hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole UV absorbers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2006
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen Daniel Pastor, Joseph Suhadolnik, Deborah Judd, Mervin Gale Wood
  • Patent number: 6602987
    Abstract: A compound of the formula I: wherein R is H or —N═N-2-carboxyphenyl; A is (CH2)n or —CH═CH—, wherein n is an integer from 0 to 10, or A may also be —CH(COOH)— when R is —N═N-2-carboxyphenyl; and X is a radical selected from the group consisting of: (i) Cl; (ii) COOR1, wherein R1 is p-nitrophenyl or N-succinimidyl; (iii) CONH—NHR2, wherein R2 is H, COO(t-butyl) or COObenzyl; (iv) CONH—[B]—NHR3, wherein R3 is H, COOR1, or CO—[B′]—maleimido, wherein R1 is t-butyl, p-nitrophenyl or N-succinimidyl, and B and B′, the same or different, are (CH2)n wherein n is an integer from 2 to 10; (v) CONH—[B]—COOR4, wherein R4 is H, C1-C8 alkyl, N-succinimidyl; (vi) CONH—[B]—OH; (vii) CONH—[B]—CONH—NHR2, wherein R2 is H, COO(t-butyl) or COObenzyl; and (viii) NHR2, wherein R2 is H, COO(t-butyl) or COObenzyl, when A is —CH(C
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: Yeda Research and Development Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Meir Wilchek, Edward A. Bayer, Heike Hofstetter, Margherita Morpurgo
  • Patent number: 6566507
    Abstract: Provided is a process for preparing 2H-benzotriazole UV absorbers containing a perfluoroalkyl moiety at the 5-position of the benzo ring, for example a trifluoromethyl group, which involves diazotizing the perfluoroalkyl substituted o-nitroaniline using concentrated sulfuric acid plus sodium nitrite or nitrosylsulfuric acid to form the corresponding monoazobenzene intermediate via the diazonium salt intermediate which is reduced to the corresponding 5-perfluoroalkyl substituted 2H-benzotriazole UV absorber compound by conventional reduction means. Also provided is a novel one-pot, multiphase reaction for the preparation of 2(2-nitrophenylazo) substituted phenols, which are precursors for 2H-benzotriazole UV absorbers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Mervin G. Wood, Deborah DeHessa, Joseph Suhadolnik, Andrew B. Naughton, Jerome Sanders, Jacqueline Lau, Rong Xiong, Joseph Babiarz
  • Patent number: 6184363
    Abstract: The invention provides novel non-&bgr;-lactam inhibitors of &bgr;-lactamases. In particular, the invention provides such inhibitors which are boronic acids of formula (1) which is set forth in the specification. These compounds may be used with &bgr;-lactam antibiotics to treat &bgr;-lactam-antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. These compounds are also antibacterial by themselves. Finally, the invention provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising these compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2001
    Assignee: Northwestern University
    Inventors: Brian K. Shoichet, Grady Scott Weston
  • Patent number: 6124504
    Abstract: The application describes a process for preparing 4-hydroxyanilines by the reaction of phenols with diazonium salts and subsequent reduction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Achim Hupperts, Karl Steinbeck, Uwe Stelzer, Reinhard Lantzsch, Hermann Seifert
  • Patent number: 5827332
    Abstract: Azo dyes of the formula ##STR1## where the ring A may be benzofused,n is 0 or 1, and R.sup.1 -R.sup.8 are as defined,as pH-dependent markers for hydrocarbons, hydrocarbons containing the above-mentioned azo dyes, and a method for detecting these azo dyes in hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Georg Zeidler, Gerhard Scholz, Claudia Krah, Karin Heidrun Beck, Udo Mayer
  • Patent number: 5719270
    Abstract: Azophenyl compounds of the formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is an o-, p-directing substituent; R.sub.2 is a substituted or unsubstituted .beta.-hydroxyalkyl group; R.sub.3 is an aromatic carbocyclic or heterocyclic group which is mono- or poly-cyclic and is substituted or unsubstituted; and wherein the benzene ring A may contain one or more further substituents. The compounds are useful as dyestuffs (if they are themselves colored) or as intermediates in the preparation of dyestuffs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1998
    Inventors: Steven Michael Partington, David Allan Clarke
  • Patent number: 5705676
    Abstract: A photothermographic element comprising a support bearing at least one heat-developable, photosensitive, image-forming photothermographic emulsion layer comprising:(a) a photosensitive silver halide;(b) a non-photosensitive, reducible source of silver;(c) a chromogenic leuco dye reducing agent; and(d) a binder;wherein the chromogenic leuco dye reducing agent is a chromogenic leuco redox-dye-releasing compound of the general formula: ##STR1## wherein: (i) Cp is a coupler group;(ii) N--D is a photographic developer group; and(iii) R.sup.1 is a --C(O)--NH--A--Dye group wherein Dye represents the chromophore of a thermally mobile dye; and A represents a single bond or a divalent linking group of the formula --X--R.sup.5 --L--, wherein R.sup.5 is a divalent hydrocarbon chain containing up to 12 carbon atoms, L is a single bond or a divalent group that binds the chromophore of the thermally mobile dye to R.sup.5, and X represents a single bond or an --SO.sub.2 -- group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Raffaella Biavasco, Lori S. Harring, Larry R. Krepski, Daniel E. Mickus, Mark B. Mizen, Sharon M. Simpson, Cristina Soncini, Kim M. Vogel
  • Patent number: 5436322
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of compounds of the formula I is described ##STR1## in which R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 independently of one another are C.sub.1 -C.sub.7 alkyl; and R.sup.3 is hydrogen or halogen, by reaction of a diazonium salt of a 2-nitroaniline in acid aqueous solution with a phenol dispersed in water.The process comprises employing as the dispersant a C.sub.8 -C.sub.20 alkanesulfonic acid or a corresponding alkanesulfonate or a mixture of sulfonic acid and sulfonate together with a polyvinyl alcohol.The resulting compounds of the formula I can advantageously be reacted further to give benzotriazoles of the formula V ##STR2## which are used as light stabilizers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Ivan Orban, Martin Holer
  • Patent number: 5349109
    Abstract: A process for making unsaturated .alpha.-amines from olefins wherein the process includes adding an aminating agent, an olefin and a molybdenum based catalyst to a reaction vessel having a nitrogen atmosphere. The catalyst may be described by the general formula LL'MoO.sub.2, L.sub.2 L'MoO.sub.2, or LL'MoO(X-Y).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: The Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma
    Inventors: Kenneth M. Nicholas, Anurag S. Srivastava
  • Patent number: 5340931
    Abstract: Allene compounds have the formula:(CH.sub.2 .dbd.C.dbd.CH--O).sub.n --R--(A).sub.m (I)in which R is a substituted or unsubstituted mono- or polyvalent benzene, naphthalene, anthracene, azobenzene, bisphenol or polyphenyl (containing 2 to 10 benzene rings connected in line) nucleus, or a group--Ph--R.sup.1 --Ph-- (II)(in which each group Ph is a phenylene, halophenylene, alkylphenylene, cyanophenylene or alkoxyphenylene group, and the chain R.sup.1 linking the two group Ph is a C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 aliphatic hydrocarbon or an alicyclic hydrocarbon group, the chain optionally being interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms); A is a carboxyl or sulphonyl group or a group --CH.dbd.C.dbd.CH.sub.2 ; n is an integer of from 1 to 10; m is 0, 1, 2 or 3; and the sum of m and n is equal to the valence of the group R.They may be prepared by isomerization of corresponding propargyloxy compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Yamada, Hiromichi Kayano, Kei Aoki, Keizou Ishii
  • Patent number: 5314997
    Abstract: An optically active azo compound is represented by the following general formula (I), ##STR1## where R is an alkyl group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and R* is an optically active radical of an alkyl group or a halogen substituted alkyl group having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms. A liquid crystal composition contains this compound. A method for producing an optically active azo compound represented by the following general formula (I) has the step of reacting a phenol compound represented by the following general formula (II) with an optically active carboxylic acid represented by the following general formula (III) using a condensing agent at a room temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1994
    Assignee: Ricoh Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayuki Shoshi, Akihiko Kanemoto
  • Patent number: 5288908
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula ##STR1## in which X represents hydrogen, --NO.sub.2 or --NH.sub.2 and Y represents --CH.sub.3, --COOH, --CONH.sub.2, --NH.sub.2 or --N.dbd.N--Z, in which the group --Z is ##STR2## with the proviso that if Y represents the group --N.dbd.N--Z, X is only --NO.sub.2, and if Y represents the group --CH.sub.3, X is only hydrogen, are described. A compound of the formula ##STR3## the preparation of which in a multi-stage process, in which the compounds of the general formula (I) are also obtained, is described, is preferred.The resulting 3,4'-diamino compound is suitable for the preparation of polycondensates and shaped articles, films and fibers of high heat resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1994
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Jurgen Lau, Gunter Siegemund, Freimund Rohrscheid
  • Patent number: 5281241
    Abstract: A polycylic dye of the Formula (1): ##STR1## wherein: R.sup.1 is --OSO.sub.2 R in which R is optionally substituted alkyl, alkoxy, aryl, alkoxyaryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl;Ring A is unsubstituted or is substituted by from one to three groups; andRing B is unsubstituted or is substituted by one or two groups in addition to the group R.sup.1.Dyes of the present invention are useful for the coloration of textile materials particularly synthetic textile materials such as polyester, dye mixtures comprising a polycyclic dye of Formula (1) and a different polycyclic dye or an azo dye show improved build-up on polyester material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Zeneca Limited
    Inventor: Prakash Patel
  • Patent number: 5196518
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of azo dyes of formula ##STR1## wherein K is the radical of a coupling component of the benzene or naphthalene series or of the heterocyclic series, and the hydroxy group is attached to K adjacent to the azo group, X is hydrogen or nitro and M is an alkali metal ion, which process comprises coupling a diazo component of formula ##STR2## in the presence of one or more buffer mixtures and in the absence or presence of an alkali metal chloride, to a coupling component of formula ##STR3## in which formulae (2) and (3) K and X are as defined for formula (1). The present invention makes it possible to prepare the azo dyes in high yields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1993
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Horst Langfeld, Claudio Puebla, Gunter Sereinig
  • Patent number: 5032572
    Abstract: Polymers from ethylenically unsaturated monomers, cross-linked by a substituted divinylazobenzene are useful as pharmaceutical compositions for the delivery of medicaments. The polymers are degraded by the enzymes of the upper gastrointestinal tract or are transferred intact past the upper gastrointestinal tract, to deliver the medicament to the large intestine. In particular, the polymers contain divinylazobenzene compounds of the formulae ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are independently selected from the group consisting of H, (except that R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are not both H), Cl, Br, I, NO.sub.2, NH.sub.2, RO, ArO, COOH or salts thereof, COOR, COOAr, CHO, COR, SO.sub.3 H or salts thereof, R or Ar and wherein R is alkyl of up to 18 carbon atoms and Ar is mono- or bicyclic aryl of up to 15 carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1991
    Assignees: Medical College of Ohio, Bowling Green State University
    Inventors: Murray Saffran, Douglas C. Neckers
  • Patent number: 4952677
    Abstract: Reddish-brown to yellow shade colorants suitable for ribbon and ball point inks are produced from the glassy waste by-product of pararosaniline manufacture by slurrying the residue in mineral acid, diazotizing, and coupling. the resulting colorants are useful in preparing inks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Floyd G. Spence, Louis R. de Alvare, Robert J. Allen
  • Patent number: 4910299
    Abstract: Disperse dyes suitable for dyeing textile material composed of polyester dyes of the formula ##STR1## in which D is the radical of a substituted or unsubstituted, homocyclic or heterocyclic diazo component belonging to the series comprising thienyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, 1,2,4-thiadiazolyl, 1,3,4-thiadiazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzoisothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl or phenyl,X is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy, acylamino, halogen or a group of the formula -NH-CO-NHQ in which Q is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl or phenyl,Y is hydrogen, halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy,R is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 -alkyl, C.sub.2 -C.sub.12 -alkenyl or phenyl, or Y and R, together with the nitrogen atom and the two C atoms linking them, form a 5-membered ring or 6-membered ring,B is a l inear or branched C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 -alkylene radical,W is halogen, C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 20, 1990
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Angelo D. Casa, Peter Liechti, Max Dempfle
  • Patent number: 4906741
    Abstract: The invention is directed toward compounds having the formula: ##STR1## wherein A is a substituent independently selected from the group consisting of lower alkyl having from 1 to 3 carbon atoms, chloro or fluoro; n is an integer independently selected from 0 to 2; and X is a halogen selected from the group consisting of chloro and fluoro.Compounds of this invention are useful as intermediates in the preparation of the corresponding diamine compounds resulting from the reductive cleavage of the azo linkage. They may also be used to prepare dyestuffs and photosensitive materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1990
    Assignee: Hoechst Celanese Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Hazen, William R. Lee
  • Patent number: 4906739
    Abstract: A fibre-reactive azo dyestuff of the formula ##STR1## in which X is alkyl or alkoxy with 1 to 4 carbon atoms, carboxyl or halogen, n is 1, 2 or 3, m is 0 or 1, p is 0 or 1 and q is 0 or 1 and the benzene or naphthalene rings A, B and B' can contain further substituents in addition to SO.sub.3 H groups. The dyestuffs of the invention are suitable inter alia, for dyeing and printing silk, leather, wool, high molecular weight polyamide fibres and high molecular weight polyurethanes, but especially cellulose-containing materials having a fibrous structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1990
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Herbert Seiler, Gert Hegar
  • Patent number: 4891424
    Abstract: 4-Aralkyl-2-nitro-2'-hydroxy-3',5'-dialkyl (or cumyl)-azobenzenes are made by coupling the corresponding diazotized 4-aralkyl-o-nitroaniline with the corresponding phenol. These azobenzene intermediates are used to prepare the corresponding 2H-benzotriazole UV absorber stabilizers substituted on the 5-position of the benzo ring by an aralkyl group, preferably alpha,alpha-dimethylbenzyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 2, 1990
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Raymond Seltzer, Roland A. E. Winter
  • Patent number: 4889923
    Abstract: Azo compounds corresponding to the general formula (1) ##STR1## in which m represents the number 1 or 2, the cyano groups being attached to D in the ortho-position relative to the azo group,n denotes the number 1 or 2,Y is the vinyl group or a .beta.-sulfatoethyl group,D denotes a radical of a diazo component of the benzene or naphthalene series which is optionally additionally substituted, but is otherwise free from anionic groups, andK denotes a radical of a coupling component which is optionally additionally substituted, but is otherwise free from anionic groups.The compounds have valuable fiber-reactive dyestuff properties and are suitable for dyeing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic materials, in particular fiber materials, such as, for example, cellulose, wool, synthetic polyamide and polyester.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1987
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1989
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Peter Mischke, Hans J. Schladetsch
  • Patent number: 4802889
    Abstract: Monoazo dyestuff of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is 4 alkyl having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, andR.sup.2 is methyl, ethyl or alkoxy having 1 to 4 carbon atoms hich is unsubstituted or substituted by methoxy or ethoxy is useful for dyeing and printing hydrophobic fibers a blue color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Assignee: Cassella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ulrich Bte,uml/u/ hler, Horst Tappe, Reinhard Kuhn, Albert Bode, Margareta Boss
  • Patent number: 4751289
    Abstract: 2,4,6,2',4',6'-Hexanitro-3,5,3',5'-tetrachloroazobenzene, a new, high melting explosive is prepared by the simultaneous nitration and oxidation of 3,5-dichloroaniline in strong or fuming sulfuric acid using fuming nitric acid or potassium nitrate as both oxidizing and nitrating agent. Under these conditions nitric acid or potassium nitrate is expected to be a nitrating agent only, and oxidation of the amino group is not expected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1988
    Assignee: Texas Explosives Co. Inc.
    Inventor: David M. O'Keefe
  • Patent number: 4704452
    Abstract: Monoazo compounds of the formula ##STR1## in which one of the two substituents R.sub.1 or R.sub.2 or both substituents are C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 -alkyl or a group of the formula ##STR2## in which R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are independently of each other hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl and R.sub.5 is hydrogen, halogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl and the other of the two substitutents R.sub.1 or R.sub.2, when the two are not C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 -alkyl or a group of the formula (1a), is hydrogen, halogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl, and KK is the radical of a coupling component which is free of water-solubilizing groups the two described. These compounds can be used as dyes for dyeing or printing for example polyester fibre materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventor: Peter Liechti
  • Patent number: 4663308
    Abstract: Polymers from ethylenically unsaturated monomers, cross-linked by a substituted or unsubstituted divinylazobenzene are useful as carriers or capsules for medicaments, which are degraded by the enzymes of the upper gastrointestinal tract or which must be transferred intact past the upper gastrointestinal tract, to deliver the medicament to the large intestine.Polymers containing monomeric units of the formulaH.sub.2 C.dbd.CH--C.sub.6 H.sub.4 --N.dbd.N--M,wherein M is the residue of an amino-containing medicament, are useful as carriers for therapeutic agents or as therapeutic agents per se.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1987
    Assignees: Medical College of Ohio, Bowling Green State University
    Inventors: Murray Saffran, Douglas C. Neckers
  • Patent number: 4582509
    Abstract: The mixture of monoazo dyestuffs containing at least different individual dyestuffs of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 is alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, fluoro, chloro, bromo, alkoxy of 1 to 4 carbon atoms or trifluoromethyl,R.sup.2 is alkyl of 1 to 3 carbon atoms andR.sup.3 and R.sup.4, independently of each other, are alkyl of 1 to 4 carbon atoms,is highly suitable for dyeing and printing hydrophobic materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1985
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1986
    Assignee: Cassella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Ulrich Buhler, Manfred Hahnke, Albert Bode, Kurt Roth, Margarete Boos
  • Patent number: 4537597
    Abstract: Mixtures of dyes of the formula I ##STR1## where X is chlorine or bromine, Z is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy or acetylamino, R is C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl, R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 independently of one another are each allyl or methallyl or are each C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy or alkanoyloxy, or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together with the nitrogen atom are morpholino or tetra-, penta- or hexamethyleneimino, and one of the radicals R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 may furthermore be hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1985
    Assignee: Basf Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Udo Bergmann, Helmut Degen, Guenter Hansen, Reinhold Krallmann, Hans Weber