Tangential Inlet To Each Separator Patents (Class 55/349)
  • Patent number: 11167293
    Abstract: A cyclone separator for separating at least two phases of a fluid, with a base housing through which the fluid can flow in an essentially helical pattern, that has a separation chamber with an upper and a lower end, wherein the upper and lower end each respectively have a wall, and a central axis that extends between the two ends, and furthermore a central separation tube arranged inside the conical separation chamber, concentric to the central axis of the base housing, with an essentially cylindrical wall having a surface facing toward the inner cross-section with a first surface profile, and a surface facing away from the inner cross-section with a second surface profile. The base housing has at its upper end a header section with an inner radius and with at least one essentially tangentially attached inlet opening for the fluid, as well as at least one light fraction outlet opening with a cross-section and, at its lower end, at least one expansion chamber and at least one heavy fraction outlet opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: ECOFARIO GmbH
    Inventor: Sebastian Porkert
  • Patent number: 10830138
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to separating entrained solid particles from an input airflow in a gas turbine engine. A cyclonic separator receives the input airflow from a compressor and separates a first portion of the input airflow. The cyclonic separator remove solid particles from the first portion of the input airflow to provide a first cleaned airflow to a first cooling system. A clean air offtake downstream from the cyclonic separator separates a second cleaned airflow from a remaining portion of the input air stream and provides the second cleaned airflow to a second cooling system. The remaining portion of the input airflow is provided to a combustor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: John Alan Manteiga, Joshua Tyler Mook, Shourya Prakash Otta
  • Patent number: 10222302
    Abstract: A cyclonic filter separator system, as well as alternatives, suitable for use as liquid block apparatus integrated into a sample probe that is inserted into the pressurized process to prevent entrained liquids from entering the probe and being extracted for sampling is provided. The present invention enhances sampling of pressurized process fluids for on-stream and spot sampling of pressurized process fluid such as natural gas or the like, particularly pressurized process gas having liquid entrained therein, or otherwise referenced as multiphase or “wet”.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: Mayeaux Holding LLC
    Inventor: Valmond Joseph St Amant, III
  • Patent number: 9744538
    Abstract: A loading apparatus lowers or raises a dust or particulate collection container for ease of extraction and installation. This apparatus is disposed within a rigid frame structure capable of mounting to a wall or mobile device. A U-shaped member supports the dust collection container, the container typically being a cylindrical bucket or container with integral rim or handles. The U-shaped member orthogonally translates up into a first position and down into a second position with activation of a lever. The mechanics of the apparatus effects linear vertical travel of the dust collection container and when in a first position, mates the rim of the container onto a compliant gasket member disposed within the rigid frame structure, thus forming a vacuum-tight interface necessary for vacuum systems, in particular but not limited to, dust collection vacuum systems that utilize a cyclone dust separator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Inventor: Robert Charles Anderson
  • Patent number: 9233327
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to remove foreign matter such as liquid droplets from air with high efficiency using a filter. This filter is used to purify air by removing foreign matter such as liquid droplets and dust from the air. A separation unit is formed with a port block and a separation cylinder, and the port block is formed with a primary port and a secondary port. A collection container is attached to the separation unit, and liquid droplets exhausted from an exhaust port formed at a lower end portion of a separation unit fall down into a collection container. A conical portion of the separation unit is formed with a communication hole through which the separation chamber and the storage chamber communicate with each other, whereby the separation chamber and the storage chamber become equal in pressure to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: Koganei Corporation
    Inventors: Hiraku Sakai, Makoto Doki
  • Patent number: 8979960
    Abstract: A motor, fan and cyclonic separation apparatus arrangement for a vacuum cleaner comprising: a motor coupled to a fan for generating air flow; and a cyclonic separation apparatus located in a path of the air flow generated by the fan. The cyclonic separation apparatus comprises: a plurality of cyclones each with an air inlet port and an air outlet port; and a cooling air flow path. The motor comprises a permanent magnet brushless motor, a switched reluctance motor or a flux switching motor. The fan has an outer diameter the same or less than the diameter of the motor. The plurality of cyclones, the motor and the fan are arranged in a circular array about a central axis of the cyclonic separation apparatus. The arrangement comprises a baffle for directing air flow from the fan out of the circular array. The motor is located in the cooling air flow path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Black & Decker Inc.
    Inventor: Kevin Smith
  • Patent number: 8951336
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a vessel for separating solid particles from a gas containing solid particles, said vessel comprising a plate provided with openings across the vessel such that the plate divides the vessel in a first and second space, a number of filter elements extending from the openings into the first space, a vessel opening for receiving the gas containing solid particles, fluidly connected to the first space, an vessel outlet opening for discharge of solids, fluidly connected to the first space and a vessel outlet opening for gas, fluidly connected to the second space. The first space further comprises one or more cyclone separation devices having an inlet fluidly connected to the vessel opening for receiving the gas containing solid particles, a cyclone gas outlet fluidly connected to the first space and a solids cyclone outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Hubertus Wilhelmus Albertus Dries
  • Patent number: 8951320
    Abstract: A purifying device provided with a device for collecting particles, such as dust includes a chamber having an inner wall that is generally cylindrical around a central axis (X), the inner wall extending parallel to the central axis between first and second substantially parallel faces, wherein the chamber has an inlet opening and an outlet opening. The collecting device also includes a rotor which is rotatable around the central axis, and which includes at least three blades, each of which extend radially from a rotary shaft to the inner wall while defining, within the chamber, compartments which are sized such that the inlet and outlet openings are in constant communication with separate compartments. The inlet opening is provided in the first base and the outlet opening is provided in the second base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Alfyma Industrie
    Inventor: Serguei Galdkov
  • Patent number: 8888899
    Abstract: Systems and methods for gasifying a feedstock are provided. A gasifier can include a transfer line having a first leg and a second leg. A first end of the first leg can be adapted to be coupled to a cyclone and a second end of the first leg can be coupled to a first end of the second leg. The second end of the second leg can be adapted to be coupled to a standpipe. A centerline through the first leg can be oriented at an angle with a centerline through the second leg of from about 40° to about 140°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Kellogg Brown & Root LLC
    Inventors: Iwan H. Chan, Yongchao Li
  • Publication number: 20140305311
    Abstract: A multi-cyclone collector includes a suction port for sucking an air flow including contaminating particles, a cyclone accommodation chamber allowing the air flow sucked through the suction port to be guided thereinto, a plurality of cyclones each accommodated in the cyclone accommodation chamber, for transforming the air flow taken in to a downward swirl flow, separating the contaminating particles, then reversing the swirl flow to the upward swirl flow and releasing the upward swirl flow as a purified air flow, a cyclone exit chamber provided above the cyclone accommodation chamber, that allows the purified air flow from the cyclones to be guided thereinto, and a drain discharge chamber provided below the cyclone accommodation chamber, for collecting the contaminating particles separated by the cyclones.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventor: Yusuke Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8795401
    Abstract: Disclosed in a filter for filtering a working fluid comprising a canister having an inlet and an outlet; a first partially perforated generally conical member positioned in said canister; a second generally conical member positioned inside said first partially perforated generally conical member, whereby the working fluid upon entering the inlet is caused to spin inside the canister, to pass through the perforated portion of the first generally conical member, to enter an inlet to the second generally conical member, to spin within the second conical member and to pass through the outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Assured Performance Group (Holdings) Ltd.
    Inventors: John Edward Charles Gwynn, John McCallum, David Mitchell, Michael Hogg, Maciej Adrian Zyga
  • Patent number: 8727137
    Abstract: A filter housing having a vessel portion that has an inlet and a first outlet. The filter housing also includes a lid that is sealingly mateable to the vessel portion and the lid has a second outlet. A cage is designed to be fit within the vessel portion. The cage has upper and lower plates that are held apart at a fixed distance by a sidewall with an inlet. The plates are sealed against the inside of the vessel portion. Fluid can enter the vessel between the plates when the cage is installed in the vessel portion. Filters are designed to be sealed within apertures in the upper and lower plates of the cage and the filters span between the plates. When fluid enters between the plates of the cage it is forced to travel through the filters to exit from between the plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Inventor: Mark Blue
  • Patent number: 8707511
    Abstract: A surface treating appliance includes a first cyclonic separating unit including a plurality of first cyclones arranged in parallel about an axis, and a second cyclonic separating unit located downstream from the first cyclonic separating unit and including a plurality of second cyclones arranged in parallel about said axis. Each second cyclone has a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet. The plurality of second cyclones is divided into at least a first set of second cyclones and a second set of second cyclones. The fluid inlets of the first set of second cyclones are arranged in a first group and the fluid inlets of the second set of second cyclones are arranged in a second group spaced along said axis from the first group. This enables the separating apparatus to have a compact appearance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventor: Lucas Horne
  • Patent number: 8707512
    Abstract: A surface treating appliance includes a first cyclonic separating unit including a plurality of first cyclones arranged in parallel about an axis, and a second cyclonic separating unit located downstream from the first cyclonic separating unit and including a plurality of second cyclones arranged in parallel, the plurality of second cyclones being divided into at least a first set of second cyclones arranged about the axis and a second set of second cyclones. The plurality of first cyclones extends about the first set of second cyclones, and the first set of second cyclones extends about the second set of second cyclones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventor: Lucas Horne
  • Patent number: 8702848
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for separating particulate solids from a gas stream. The process can include regenerating a catalyst in a regenerator, separating particulate solids in first and second cyclone stages, passing the gas stream from the second cyclone stage to an external third stage separator, and passing the gas stream from the external third stage separator to a cyclone recirculator to obtain a clean gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sathit Kulprathipanja, Paolo Palmas, Richard A. Johnson, II
  • Patent number: 8690979
    Abstract: A dust collection device for a concrete cutter includes a suction duct disposed on an upstream-most side; a plurality of dust collectors of a cylindrical cyclone system disposed in series downstream of the suction duct; and a plurality of dust collection chambers connected respectively to the plurality of dust collectors and storing individually dust separated in each of the dust collectors. A blower is disposed between any two of the plurality of dust collectors and performs intake and discharge of air by rotation of a built-in fan. A return flow channel communicates the suction duct with the dust collection chamber which is connected via a connection portion to a dust collector disposed on a downstream-most side from among the plurality of dust collectors, or a return flow channel communicates the suction duct with the connection portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Mikasa Sangyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenichi Nagasawa
  • Patent number: 8689401
    Abstract: A vacuum cleaner including a dirt cup assembly including a first stage cyclonic separator operable to at least partially separate debris from an airflow, a second stage cyclonic separator downstream from the first stage cyclonic separator and operable to at least partially separate the debris from the airflow, a container having a sidewall that at least partially defines the first stage cyclonic separator, and a shroud having a lower perforated portion located within the container, and an upper portion that surrounds and receives the second stage cyclonic separator. The upper portion is located outside of the first container such that the upper portion forms an outside wall of the dirt cup above the sidewall of the container. The shroud further includes an intermediate portion between the lower portion and the upper portion, and the intermediate portion is coupled to the sidewall of the first container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Techtronic Floor Care Technology Limited
    Inventors: Sergey V. Makarov, Raymond P. Kawolics, Christopher M. Charlton
  • Patent number: 8679235
    Abstract: A dual-cyclonic spray chamber apparatus is described. In one or more implementations, the dual-cyclonic spray chamber apparatus includes a first cyclonic spray chamber for receiving an aerosol and conditioning the aerosol to separate a first conditioned portion of the aerosol from a second portion of the aerosol. The first cyclonic spray chamber defines a first chamber interior and comprises an input port in fluid communication with the first chamber interior. The dual-cyclonic spray chamber apparatus also includes a second cyclonic spray chamber coupled with the first cyclonic spray chamber for receiving the first conditioned portion of the aerosol and further conditioning the first conditioned portion of the aerosol. The second cyclonic spray chamber defines a second chamber interior and comprises an output port for expelling a first further conditioned portion of the first conditioned portion of the aerosol from the second chamber interior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Elemental Scientific, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel R. Wiederin, Kyle W. Uhlmeyer, James W. Harris
  • Patent number: 8657905
    Abstract: A cyclonic separation apparatus for a vacuum cleaner, the cyclonic separation apparatus comprising: a cyclone with a hollow cylindrical body, a hollow frustro-conical body tapering away from the cylindrical body and a longitudinal central axis through the cylindrical body and the frustro-conical body; a discharge nozzle through the frustro-conical body at a longitudinal end; an air inlet port arranged tangentially through a side of the cylindrical body; and an air outlet port through the cylindrical body at an opposite longitudinal end; a dirt container in communication with the cyclone; and a deflector fin arranged within the cyclone to deflect, in use, air flow from the air inlet port in a helical path around the cyclone and towards the discharge nozzle. A vacuum cleaner comprising a motor coupled to a fan and the cyclonic separation apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Black & Decker Inc.
    Inventor: Kevin Smith
  • Patent number: 8562705
    Abstract: A cyclonic separating apparatus includes a first cyclonic separating unit including at least one first cyclone and an annular dust collecting chamber, a second cyclonic separating unit located downstream of the first cyclonic separating unit and including at least one second cyclone and a dust collecting chamber, and a third cyclonic separating unit located downstream of the second cyclonic separating unit and including a plurality of third cyclones arranged in parallel and a dust collecting chamber. The number of third cyclones is higher than the number of second cyclones, and the dust collecting chambers of the second and third cyclonic separating units are located inside of the annular dust collecting chamber of the first cyclonic separating unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventors: Stephen Benjamin Courtney, James Dyson, Ricardo Gomiciaga-Pereda
  • Patent number: 8512451
    Abstract: A cyclone separator arrangement is made by forming a hollow cylindrical wall, making an L-shaped cut beginning at a first open end of the wall to form a flap, bending the flap inwardly to form a tangential inlet, enclosing the open end of the wall, and providing an outlet tube extending through the first end into the interior of said cylindrical wall along the central longitudinal axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Inventor: William L. Heumann
  • Patent number: 8470081
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a process for separating particulate solids from a gas stream. The process can include regenerating a catalyst in a regenerator, separating particulate solids in first and second cyclone stages, passing the gas stream from the second cyclone stage to an external third stage separator, and passing the gas stream from the external third stage separator to a cyclone recirculator to obtain a clean gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sathit Kulprathipanja, Paolo Palmas, Richard A. Johnson, II
  • Patent number: 8454715
    Abstract: The device according to the invention for carrying out chemical and/or physical reactions between a solid material and a gas, in particular for the preheating, cooling and/or calcining of fine-grain materials, essentially comprises at least one helical and/or spiral conduit, in which the gas-solid material suspension is separated by centrifugal forces into a solid material flow and a gas flow, and, connected to the end of the helical and/or spiral conduit, at least one separation region, to which a solid material conduit for discharging the solid material flow and a gas conduit for discharging the gas flow are connected. The separation region is here formed by a lower part of the gas conduit, the separation region in the region of the junction of the helical and/or spiral conduit and the part of the gas conduit above and adjoining it having the same diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Polysius AG
    Inventors: Detlev Kupper, Luis Lagar Garcia, Andreas Hoppe, Heinz-Werner Thiemeyer, Verena Georg, Marco Völlink
  • Patent number: 8439206
    Abstract: A cyclone apparatus for separating a mixture containing at least one fluid and a further constituent based on the densities of the mixture constituents. The apparatus includes a first hollow pressure vessel having an overflow plate positioned at an overflow end of the first hollow pressure vessel and an end plate for sealing the overflow plate. The cyclone apparatus also comprises an underflow plate positioned at an under-flow end of the first hollow pressure vessel and a hollow pressure vessel with one end being sealed against the under-flow plate and another end being closed. The overflow plate and the end plate are shaped such that when they are brought together they form separate adjacent overflow compartments between them. The underflow plate and the second hollow pressure vessel are shaped such that when they are brought together they form separate adjacent under-flow compartments between them which correspond to the overflow compartments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Merpro Tortek Limited
    Inventors: Stephen Beedie, Mark Wolf
  • Patent number: 8425642
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a cyclonic separating apparatus and a vortex finder plate for use in a cyclonic separating apparatus, the vortex finder plate including a support structure and a plurality of vortex finder support flaps extending from the support structure, each vortex finder support flap comprising a vortex finder. At least one of the vortex finder support flaps is connected to the support structure by a hinge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventors: David Colin Worker, Oliver Henry Sherston Chambers
  • Patent number: 8419835
    Abstract: Cyclones for gas-solid separators are described, which are especially applicable for use in a downflowing third stage separator (TSS) for the removal of dust particles, such as solid catalyst fines, from the flue gas streams exiting the catalyst regenerator in fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) processes. A number of important flow characteristics result from the configuration of the cyclones, particularly with respect to the relative axial lengths over which swirl vanes and central hubs of the cyclones extend. These characteristics include a decrease in growth of turbulent eddies that conventionally result from a sudden expansion, in open cross-sectional area, of gas exiting swirl vanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Sujay Krishnamurthy, William Koves
  • Patent number: 8404012
    Abstract: An improved vehicle air filter includes a cylindrical housing having a continuous outer wall, a releasable bottom wall and an open top in communication with an interior air-delivery chamber. Circumferentially disposed about the outer wall are a plurality of conical air-intake tubes, each having an inlet opening in fluid communication with a hollow interior. The lower end of each tube is positioned immediately above a collection pan formed on the releasable bottom wall. An arcuate air conduit extends from the upper end of each tube to the air-delivery chamber. As air enters each tube, it flows along a cyclonic path to force entrained particles against the interior surface of the tube and downwardly into the collection pan. Meanwhile, the purified air flows upwardly through the air conduits and into the air-delivery chamber for distribution to the vehicle engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Inventor: Roy C. Markle
  • Patent number: 8375509
    Abstract: A cyclonic separating apparatus for a cleaning appliance includes a plurality of cyclonic separators arranged in series for separating particles from a dirt- and dust-laden airflow, at least three collectors for collecting separated dirt and dust, and a closure member movable between a closed position in which the closure member closes an end of each collector and an open position in which separated dirt and dust can be emptied from the collectors. The ends of the collectors are separated by dividing walls. A seal is provided to seal between the closure member and the dividing walls when the closure member is in the closed position. This common seal between the dividing walls and the closure member is able to seal effectively even if the closure member is misaligned or incorrectly fitted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventors: Adam James Bates, Timothy Nicholas Stickney
  • Patent number: 8361202
    Abstract: A gas/solid separation system that can be applied to any type of FCC unit regenerators, consists of a device for separating solid particles contained in a gas stream coming from the regeneration zone of a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit bounded by an inner envelope (3) of cylindrical shape centered about the vertical axis of the regeneration zone, and an outer envelope (1) that has one approximately horizontal wall (15), followed by one curvilinear wall (16), and one approximately vertical wall (17), the set of said walls (15, 16, 17) covering the inner envelope (3) and forming a set of separation chambers (2) radially distributed around the inner envelope (3) in which the gas/solid suspension to be separated circulates. This system makes it possible to obtain, at the same time, very good separation efficiency while minimizing the pressure drop and only requiring a single downstream cyclone stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignees: IFP Energies Nouvelles, Total France
    Inventors: Regis Andreux, Thierry Gauthier, Jean-Francois Le Coz, Patrick Leroy, Olivier Delsart
  • Patent number: 8291545
    Abstract: An upright vacuum cleaner includes a housing having a suction airstream inlet and a suction airstream outlet. A dirt container is selectively mounted to the housing for receiving and retaining dirt and dust separated from the suction airstream and includes a first cyclonic air-flow chamber and a second cyclonic airflow chamber. The chambers are spaced apart and are each approximately vertically oriented and arranged in a parallel relationship. An air manifold is disposed at a top portion of the dirt container. The air manifold includes an inlet section through which dirty air passes and an outlet section. The inlet section directs a flow of dirty air into two separate inlet conduits leading to a respective one of the first and second airflow chambers. The outlet section collects a flow of cleaned air from both of the chambers and merges the flow of cleaned air into a single outlet conduit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Royal Appliance Mfg., Co.
    Inventors: Bengt Ivar Anders Ivarsson, Glen Matusz, Reuben Proud, Sergey V. Makarov
  • Patent number: 8262761
    Abstract: A modular cyclone precleaner system includes one or more standardized and reusable modular cyclone blocks configured in parallel. The modular cyclone blocks are provided as components designed for reuse across differing precleaner systems for potentially different precleaner applications, providing standardized component building blocks and reducing manufacturing cost. The modular cyclone blocks are designed to be selectively combinable to provide a cyclone precleaner system having the required gas flow characteristics and particulate removal capabilities required for any given precleaner application. The precleaner system includes a housing that is sized for at least one given precleaner application and adapted to supportively receive the selectively combined modular cyclone blocks for the application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Mann + Hummel GmbH
    Inventors: Kevin Brian Babb, Jeremy Metternich
  • Patent number: 8147575
    Abstract: A separator for separating a liquid-gas flow into a liquid and a compressed gas includes a housing that defines an inner space and that is adapted to contain the full pressure of the compressed gas. The housing includes a liquid-gas inlet, a liquid outlet, and a gas outlet. A first stage separator is positioned to receive the liquid-gas flow from the inlet. The first stage separator is operable to separate a first portion of the liquid from the liquid-gas flow. A second stage separator includes a swirl vane separator and is positioned to receive the liquid-gas flow from the first stage separator and is operable to separate a second portion of the liquid from the liquid-gas flow. A third stage separator is positioned to receive the liquid-gas flow from the swirl vane separator and is operable to separate a third portion of the liquid from the liquid-gas flow. The first stage separator, the second stage separator, and the third stage separator are completely contained within the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Ingersoll-Rand Company
    Inventor: Michael J. Lucas
  • Patent number: 8025706
    Abstract: A fluid separating vessel (1) comprises: a liquid outlet (3) near the bottom of the vessel; a gaseous fluid outlet (4) near the top of the vessel; a plurality of cyclones (5) arranged in an upper region of the vessel in which at least some liquid droplets that may be entrained in the substantially gaseous fluid stream flowing in upward direction from a fluid inlet (2) towards the gaseous fluid outlet (4) are coalesced, separated from the gaseous carrier fluid and induced to drip down towards the liquid outlet (3) via a liquid return conduit (7); and a plurality of rotating liquid coalescing centrifuges (8) that are arranged below the cyclones (5), in which liquid coalescing centrifuges (8) fluid fed to the cyclones (5) is pre-treated such that at least some liquid droplets that may be entrained in the substantially gaseous fluid stream flowing in upward direction from the fluid inlet towards the cyclones are coalesced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Edwin Poorte
  • Patent number: 8017090
    Abstract: Phosphine gas is generated by agitating a reaction mixture of a metal phosphide and water with agitation air in a reaction pot of a phosphine gas generator. The resulting phosphine gas is then diluted with dilution air to produce a fumigant phosphine gas which is directly delivered to a commodity for fumigation. The reaction pot does not have any rotating means such as agitators, rotors, or stirrers. The generator provides on-site generation of phosphine gas in a rapid manner improving the fumigation efficiency for a commodity, such as grain, preferably contained within a storage structures, such as a grain silo. The generator has a built in deactivation system for the unused metal phosphide and phosphine gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: United Phosphorus Ltd.
    Inventors: Shroff Rajnikant Devidas, Pushpaksen P. Asher
  • Patent number: 7985282
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a cyclone for separating fine particles from a gas. The cyclone includes a cyclone body having an upper end with an inlet and a lower end with a particulate outlet, gas outlet tube with an upper end that extends upwardly into the lower end of the cyclone body, and a vortex breaker. The upper end of the gas outlet tube is connected to the lower end of the cyclone body by a slip joint. The configuration of the cyclone provides for efficient removal of fine particles as compared to conventional techniques. A vessel containing cyclones, and methods of separation using the cyclones and vessel, also are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Leonce F. Castagnos, Jr., Ting Y. Chan
  • Patent number: 7976597
    Abstract: A cyclonic separation apparatus comprises a plurality of series-connected separation stages 50,51, each comprising a plurality of cyclone separators 16/23 connected in parallel and disposed in a generally annular arrangement about a main vertical axis of the apparatus, with their respective longitudinal cyclone axes extending parallel to the main axis. The successive separation stages 50,51 in the direction of fluid flow are disposed radially inwardly of each other with respect to the main axis of the apparatus and are also vertically staggered upwardly, so that the outlet 20 of one separation stage 50 leads directly into the inlet 22 of the next downstream stage 51. The multi-stage, series connected cyclone separators of the apparatus provide a high separation efficiency, yet the annular arrangement of the stages 50,51 makes the apparatus compact and enables the apparatus to be utilized in a vacuum cleaner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: Hoover Limited
    Inventor: David Benjamin Smith
  • Patent number: 7955405
    Abstract: A cyclonic vacuum cleaner comprises a first stage 10 comprising a single cyclone separator for separating heavier dirt and dust particles and a second stage 11 comprising a plurality of cyclone separators 25 arranged in parallel in a plurality of groups, each group of cyclone separators 25 comprising a respective inlet duct 24, each inlet duct 24 being connected at its upstream end to the first stage 10 and at its downstream end to the cyclone separators 25 of its respective group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Hoover Limited
    Inventor: David Benjamin Smith
  • Patent number: 7935162
    Abstract: Object of the present invention is to provide a dust collecting device (10) for a vacuum cleaner of the dust collecting performance is improved. For this, a dust collecting device (100) for a vacuum cleaner is provided, including a primary cyclone unit (200) for separating dust by a cyclone principle, a secondary cyclone unit (300) around the primary cyclone unit (200) for separating dust from air discharged from the primary cyclone unit (200) by the cyclone principle, a primary dust container (111) for storing the dust separated at the primary cyclone unit (200), and a secondary dust container (112) in the primary dust container (111) for storing the dust separated at the secondary cyclone unit (300).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Kie Tak Hyun, Young Bok Son, Kyeong Seon Jeong, Il Joong Kim, Sung Hwa Lee
  • Patent number: 7935159
    Abstract: Object of the present invention is to provide a dust collecting device (100) for a vacuum cleaner of which dust collecting performance is improved. For this, the dust collecting of the present invention includes two parallel primary cyclones (210, 220) for separating dust by a cyclone principle, and two secondary cyclones (250, 260) for separating dust introduced thereto from the primary cyclones (210, 220) by the cyclone principle, and a dust container (110) for storing dust separated by the primary cyclones (210, 220) and the secondary cyclones (250, 260), wherein the two primary cyclones (210, 220) surround the two secondary cyclones (250, 260), respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: LG Electronics Inc.
    Inventors: Kie Tak Hyun, Young Bok Son, Kyeong Seon Jeong, Il Joong Kim, Sung Hwa Lee
  • Patent number: 7931718
    Abstract: An oil mist separator includes a body inside which a filtering chamber is formed for a filtering unit made up with several centrifugal dust collectors. With an air intake unit, the outside oil mist is sent into the filtering chamber. Then, the centrifugal dust collectors are used to cause a spiral airstream. With a centrifugal force caused by the spiral airstream, the oil mist is made to separate from the air. Next, the filtered air of zero pollution is vented to the atmosphere, and the separated oil mist is collected and recycled. Thus, the oil mist may be separated and the recycled oil mist may be made into a low-level oil product or a release agent used in the building industry for achievement of the effect of environmental protection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: San Ford Machinery Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Mao-Nan Cheng
  • Patent number: 7931719
    Abstract: A centrifugal separator for separating immiscible components of a wet gas stream is formed by an upright cylindrical vortex tube having an internal wall surface, a top with a gas outlet opening therein, a bottom providing a liquid outlet opening and a wet gas stream inlet tangential to the internal wall surface, the inlet being spaced below the top. A helical baffle is secured to the vortex tube internal wall surface and extends from below the top but above the inlet to a lower end spaced above the vortex tube bottom. A plurality of spaced apart vertical outlet fins are affixed to and extending radially from the internal wall surface adjacent the vortex tube bottom, each outlet fin having a top end spaced below the helical baffle lower end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: National Tank Company
    Inventors: Gary W. Sams, Dan C. Porneala
  • Patent number: 7931717
    Abstract: A surface cleaning apparatus comprising a dirt inlet, a handle, a first cyclonic cleaning stage, a second cyclonic cleaning stage comprising a plurality of cyclones in parallel and a plurality of dirt collection chambers that are emptied concurrently, and the first cleaning stage is removed from the second cleaning stage prior to emptying the plurality of dirt collection chambers and, an air flow motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: G.B.D. Corp.
    Inventor: Wayne Ernest Conrad
  • Patent number: 7867307
    Abstract: A cyclonic separating apparatus for a cleaning appliance includes a plurality of cyclonic separators arranged in series for separating particles from a dirt- and dust-laden airflow, at least two or three collectors for collecting separated dirt and dust, and a closure member movable between a closed position in which the closure member closes an end of each collector and an open position in which separated dirt and dust can be emptied from the collectors. The ends of the collectors are separated by dividing walls. A expandable seal is provided between the closure member and the dividing walls to seal when the closure member is in the closed position. The expandable seal is able to seal effectively even if the closure member is misaligned, incorrectly fitted or if dirt and dust is present between the surfaces to be sealed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventors: Adam James Bates, Timothy Nicholas Stickney
  • Patent number: 7867306
    Abstract: A cyclonic separating apparatus includes a first cyclonic separating unit including at least one first cyclone, a second cyclonic separating unit located downstream of the first cyclonic separating unit and including a plurality of second cyclones arranged in parallel, and a third cyclonic separating unit located downstream of the second cyclonic separating unit and including a plurality of third cyclones arranged in parallel. The number of second cyclones is higher than the number of first cyclones and the number of third cyclones is higher than the number of second cyclones, providing an apparatus which achieves a higher separation efficiency than known separation apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventors: Stephen Benjamin Courtney, James Dyson, Ricardo Gomiciaga-Pereda
  • Patent number: 7842113
    Abstract: An extended water level range steam/water conical cyclone separator for separating steam from water in a steam/water mixture supplied to a steam drum of a boiler, has a housing comprising a conical portion with upper and lower cylindrical portions, and a conical vane plate. An open bottom extension sleeve portion for discharging water from the steam/water conical cyclone separator housing and connected to the lower cylindrical water outlet portion is provided such that the conical vane plate is located at an intermediate location between the upper conical portion and the open bottom extension sleeve portion of the lower cylindrical portion. Extended water level range capability is thus provided while maintaining adequate steam/water cyclone separator performance characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2010
    Inventors: Melvin John Albrecht, Eric Lynn Wells, David Lee Glover
  • Patent number: 7828866
    Abstract: A cyclonic separating apparatus includes a first cyclonic separating unit including at least one first cyclone, a second cyclonic separating unit located downstream of the first cyclonic separating unit and including at least one second cyclone, and a third cyclonic separating unit located downstream of the second cyclonic separating unit and including at least one third cyclone. The separation efficiency of the second cyclonic separating unit is substantially the same as the separation efficiency of either the first cyclonic separating unit or the third separating unit, providing an apparatus which achieves a higher separation efficiency than known separation apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2010
    Assignee: Dyson Technology Limited
    Inventors: Stephen Benjamin Courtney, James Dyson, Ricardo Gomiciaga-Pereda
  • Patent number: 7819933
    Abstract: A cyclone dust collector is provided, including a cyclone unit that includes a first cyclone unit including a cyclone chamber to separate dust from dust-laden air, and a second cyclone unit, which is mounted in the first cyclone unit, including a plurality of cones to separate fine dust, and a cover unit that is formed on the cyclone unit to gather air discharged from the second cyclone unit and guide the air outside the cyclone dust collector, wherein the first cyclone unit includes a blocking plate at a lower part of the first cyclone unit, the blocking plate including a plurality of holes that are in fluid communication with the plurality of cones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Samsung Gwangju Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Joo-sung Moon, Dong-hun Yoo, Ji-won Seo
  • Patent number: 7811344
    Abstract: A fluid separator includes a side-by-side double-vortex fluid generator installed within a pressure vessel. The vortex generator separates the liquid and gas components of the incoming fluid mixture, and the vessel itself helps further separate the liquid into water and oil components, which makes the fluid separator particularly suited for processing fluids extracted from an oil well. The generator includes two diverging vortex tubes each having a polygonal cross-section. Such a cross-section allows the tubes to be formed using a conventional press brake. The vortex tubes also have diverging longitudinal centerlines to help spread the liquid flow pattern discharging into the vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Inventors: Bobby Ray Duke, Clarence M. Luxton
  • Patent number: 7803205
    Abstract: A multi-cyclone dust separating apparatus includes a cyclone unit and a separable filter assembly adapted to be disposed at least partially in a discharge path of the cyclone unit. The cyclone unit includes a main cyclone, a secondary cyclone adapted to be disposed at substantially a same plane as the main cyclone, and a dust collecting casing adapted to substantially surround the main cyclone and the secondary cyclone. The dust collecting casing includes a dust chamber to collect dust separated at the main cyclone and the secondary cyclone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: Samsung Gwangju Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jang-keun Oh, Min-ha Kim
  • Patent number: 7799105
    Abstract: An apparatus for the elimination of dusts from gases, with a filter arrangement, which is flown through by a loaded volume flow, and a cyclone which is arranged upstream to the filter arrangement, wherein a collector funnel below the filter arrangement forms the cover of the cyclone, wherein a branch stub forming the dust outlet opening of the collector funnel forms the dip pipe of the cyclone and an outlet opening of the cyclone is connected to a dust collector tank arranged under it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Assignee: Fette GmbH
    Inventors: Detlef Nuppenau, Gabriele Oelerich, Dieter Schmidt, Eugen Krüger, Regine Wrage, Harald Römer