By Alkyl Transfer, E.g., Disproportionation, Etc. Patents (Class 585/708)
  • Patent number: 9446998
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a new process which comprises the steps of hydrotreating, paraffin disproportionation and hydroisomerization to convert biological hydrocarbonaceous oxygenated oils comprising triglycerides into biologically-derived paraffinic jet/diesel fuels, solvents and base oils. A combination of conventional hydrogenation/dehydrogenation catalysts, such as Pt/Al2O3, and conventional olefin metathesis catalysts, such as WO3/SiO2, or inexpensive variations thereof, is generally employed in the paraffin disproportionation step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Cong-Yan Chen, Dennis John O'Rear, Thomas Francis Finger, Stephen Joseph Miller, Alexander Kuperman
  • Publication number: 20150025291
    Abstract: A molecular sieve material, EMM-17, has in its as-calcined form an X-ray diffraction pattern including the following peaks in Table 11: TABLE 11 d-spacing Relative Intensity (?) [100 × I/I(o)] % 17.4-16.4 1-10 12.6-12.1 1-20 11.8-11.4 60-100 11.2-10.8 5-30 10.7-10.3 30-80? 8.62-8.38 10-40? 6.09-5.96 1-20 5.71-5.61 1-20 4.23-4.17 1-20 4.09-4.03 1-10 3.952-3.901 10-40? 3.857-3.809 5-30 3.751-3.705 1-20 3.727-3.682 1-20 3.689-3.644 1-10 3.547-3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Simon C. Weston, Karl G. Strohmaier, Hilda B. Vroman
  • Publication number: 20150005543
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150005555
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a C4 hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 300° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150005544
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a C7 hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20150005556
    Abstract: A reverse disproportionation reaction of two hydrocarbon feeds allows production of a reaction mixture containing products with intermediate carbon numbers. The amount of at least one of the products with intermediate carbon numbers is equal to or greater than the amount formed from disproportionation of the hydrocarbon alone. A reverse disproportionation reaction mixture is also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya, Joel T. Walenga, Hayim Abrevaya
  • Publication number: 20150005560
    Abstract: A process of tuning a hydrocarbon product composition is described. The process involves selecting paraffins for reaction. The equilibrium constants for reactions of the selected paraffins can be used to select appropriate feed ratios, or an equilibrium composition as function of C/H molar ratio. A selected feed is reacted to obtain the product. Equilibrium product compositions and non-equilibrium product compositions can be obtained using the process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya, Peter K. Coughlin
  • Publication number: 20150005545
    Abstract: Processes for the disproportionation and isomerization of a C5 hydrocarbon feed using a liquid catalyst comprising an ionic liquid and a carbocation promoter are described. The ionic liquid is unsupported, and the reactions occur at temperatures below about 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Stuart Smith, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Publication number: 20140275684
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to catalytically active carbocatalysts, e.g., a graphene oxide or graphite oxide catalyst suitable for use in a variety of high value chemical transformations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Graphea, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher W. Bielawski, Daniel R. Dreyer, Richard Miller
  • Patent number: 8791312
    Abstract: A process for upgrading hydrocarbons comprising removal of C5 hydrocarbons from a feedstock, metathesizing said C5 hydrocarbons to C6+ and C4? hydrocarbons, and upgrading said C4? hydrocarbons is disclosed absent any dehydrogenation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Bruce B. Randolph, Bruce Welch, Roland Schmidt, Edward L. Sughrue, II
  • Publication number: 20130274534
    Abstract: Methods relate to disproportionation of hydrocarbons utilizing a zeolite catalyst. The methods include reacting pentanes in contact with ultrastable zeolite Y having a silica to alumina ratio of less than 80 to disproportionate the pentanes into butanes and hexanes. The ultrastable zeolite Y is defined by having a sodium oxide content of less than 1% by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: PHILLIPS 66 COMPANY
    Inventor: Christopher S. Gill
  • Patent number: 8524623
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a spent ionic liquid catalyst including (a) applying a voltage across one or more pairs of electrodes immersed in a spent ionic liquid catalyst comprising conjunct polymer-metal halide complexes to provide freed conjunct polymers and a regenerated ionic liquid catalyst; and (b) separating the freed conjunct polymers from the regenerated ionic liquid catalyst is described. An alkylation process incorporating the regeneration process is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye-Kyung Timken, Saleh Elomari, Thomas V. Harris, James N. Ziemer
  • Patent number: 8487154
    Abstract: A process comprising adjusting a level of conjunct polymers in an ionic liquid catalyst between a low level that favors production of C5+ products boiling at 137.8° C. or below and a higher level that favors production of both C5+ products boiling at 137.8° C. or below and C5+ products boiling above 137.8° C.; wherein the adjusting is done in response to market demand. A process unit, comprising a reactor that operates with an ionic liquid catalyst comprising a low level or a higher level of conjunct polymers, and the alkylation reactor is switched between operating with the low and the higher levels in response to market demand. A process unit, comprising a reactor that operates in an alkylate mode and a distillate mode, and a catalyst regenerator that operates with varying severity to adjust the level of conjunct polymers in response to demand for gasoline or distillate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye-Kyung Timken, Shawn Winter, Howard S. Lacheen, Sven Ivar Hommeltoft
  • Patent number: 8455708
    Abstract: A process for producing hydrocarbon products, comprising: a) operating a process unit in an alkylate mode wherein greater than 50 wt % of a C5+ hydrocarbon stream from the process unit boils at 137.8° C. or below, b) adjusting one or more process conditions in the process unit, and c) after the adjusting step, operating the process unit in a distillate mode wherein greater than 50 wt % of the C5+ hydrocarbon stream from the process unit boils above 137.8° C. Also, a process unit, comprising: a) an alkylation reactor; and b) a control system that enables the alkylation reactor to be operated in the alkylate mode and in the distillate mode; wherein the alkylation reactor can switch back and forth from operating in the alkylate mode to the distillate mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye-Kyung Timken, Shawn Winter, Howard S. Lacheen, Sven Ivar Hommeltoft
  • Patent number: 8362312
    Abstract: A method of converting at least one first alkane to a mixture of at least one low molecular weight alkane (optionally also including additional lower and/or higher molecular weight alkanes) and at least one high molecular weight alkane, comprises: reacting a first alkane in the presence of dual catalyst system comprising a first catalyst (i.e., a hydrogen transfer catalyst) and a second catalyst (i.e., a metathesis catalyst) to produce a mixture of low and high molecular weight alkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Inventors: Maurice Brookhart, Alan Goldman, Emily Carson, Zheng Huang, Sabuj Kumar Kundu
  • Patent number: 8273937
    Abstract: Methods for producing in a reactor natural gas from heavy hydrocarbons. A mixture of heavy hydrocarbons and a catalyst comprising a transition metal are heated under an anoxic condition in a reactor. Natural gas, e.g., catalytic natural gas, is generated from the heavy hydrocarbons by a disproportionation reaction promoted by the catalyst. The anoxic condition can be created by flowing an anoxic stimulation gas in the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Petroleum Habitats, LLC
    Inventor: Frank D. Mango
  • Publication number: 20110272162
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for promoting the production of oil and/or gas from organic carbon-rich sedimentary rocks in a subterranean formation. Aspects of the method comprise detecting hydrogen starvation in the formation and remedying the hydrogen starvation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Inventor: Frank D. Mango
  • Patent number: 8026403
    Abstract: A method for producing a product comprising at least one selected from C2+ hydrocarbons, oxygenates, and combinations thereof from light gas comprising one or more of carbon dioxide, methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, and methanol by forming a dispersion of light gas in a liquid feed, wherein the dispersion is formed at least in part with high shear forces and wherein at least one of the liquid feed and the light gas is a hydrogen source. A system for carrying out the method is also presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Patent number: 7906698
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new crystalline molecular sieve SSZ-75 prepared using a tetramethylene-1,4-bis-(N-methylpyrrolidinium) dication as a structure-directing agent, and its use in catalysts for hydrocarbon conversion reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Stacey Zones, Allen Burton, Theodorus Ludovicus Michael Maesen, Berend Smit, Edith Beerdsen
  • Patent number: 7902418
    Abstract: A process for disproportionating isopentane into isomers of hexane and butane that utilizes a fixed bed reactor employing a catalyst composition comprising aluminum halide. The process additionally includes a product separation zone which can be configured to recover and return at least a portion of the isopentane product stream to the inlet of the disproportionation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Roland Schmidt, M. Bruce Welch, Bruce B. Randolph, Richard L. Anderson, Robert M. Gray
  • Patent number: 7902417
    Abstract: A method of converting at least one first alkane to a mixture of at least one low molecular weight alkane (optionally also including additional lower and/or higher molecular weight alkanes) and at least one high molecular weight alkane, comprising: reacting a first alkane in the presence of dual catalyst system comprising a first catalyst (i.e., a hydrogen transfer catalyst and preferably an iridium pincer complex catalyst) and a second catalyst (i.e., a metathesis catalyst) to produce a mixture of low and high molecular weight alkanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignees: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    Inventors: Alan S. Goldman, Maurice Brookhart, Amy H. Roy, Ritu Ahuja, Zheng Huang
  • Publication number: 20110052659
    Abstract: A porous silicon implant impregnated with a beneficial substance, such as a micromineral required for healthy physiology, is implanted subcutaneously and is entirely corroded away over the following months/year to release the micromineral in a controlled manner. In a second embodiment the implant may have a large number of holes which contain beneficial substance and which are closed by bio-errordable doors of different thickness so as to stagger the release of the beneficial substance over time as the doors are breached.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Publication date: March 3, 2011
    Applicant: PSIMEDICA LIMITED
    Inventors: Leigh T Canham, Christopher P Barrett, Timothy I Cox, Peter J Wright, Andrew P Bowditch
  • Patent number: 7838711
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for carrying out metathesis reactions, wherein the process is carried out continuously and a ruthenium-containing catalyst is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Herweck, Albrecht Jacobi, Thomas Nicola, Michael Wiese
  • Publication number: 20100152517
    Abstract: A process for the regeneration of spent sulfuric acid including contacting spent sulfuric acid containing acid soluble oils (ASO) with sulfur dioxide to extract at least a portion of the ASO from the spent sulfuric acid into the sulfur dioxide. The sulfuric acid phase having a reduced ASO content and a sulfur dioxide phase containing at least a portion of the ASO may be recovered. The resulting sulfuric acid and sulfur dioxide phases may be further separated to recover ASO, sulfur dioxide, and sulfuric acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2008
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Applicant: CATALYTIC DISTILLATION TECHNOLOGIES
    Inventor: William M. Cross, JR.
  • Patent number: 7651603
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new crystalline molecular sieve SSZ-75 prepared using a tetramethylene-1,4-bis-(N-methylpyrrolidinium) dication as a structure-directing agent, and its use in catalysts for hydrocarbon conversion reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Stacey I. Zones, Allen W. Burton, Jr., Theodorus Ludovicus Michael Maesen, Berend Smit, Edith Beerdsen
  • Publication number: 20090306441
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing 2,3-dimethylbutane which comprises contacting in a reaction zone isobutane with a supported catalyst comprising a tungsten hydride and a support comprising an aluminium oxide, so as to form a reaction mixture comprising 2,3-dimethylbutane. The contacting essentially leads to performing a metathesis reaction of the isobutane, with a very high specificity in the formation of 2,3-dimethylbutane. The catalyst is preferably a tungsten hydride grafted onto a support based on aluminium oxide. The support can be chosen from aluminium oxides, mixed aluminium oxides and modified aluminium oxides. The reaction mixture can be isolated and preferably subjected to one or more fractionating operations in order to recover 2,3-dimethylbutane and optionally one or more other components of the reaction mixture, such as C5+ alkanes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2007
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Inventors: Jean Marie Basset, Francois Stoffelbach, Mostafa Taoufik, Jean Thivolle-Cazat
  • Patent number: 7534340
    Abstract: Process for the contemporaneous production of fuels and lubricating bases from synthetic paraffinic mixtures, which includes a hydrocracking step in the presence of a solid bi-functional catalyst comprising: (A) a support of an acidic nature consisting of a catalytically active porous solid, including silicon, aluminum, phosphorus and oxygen bonded to one another in such a way as to form a mixed amorphous solid characterized by an Si/Al atomic ratio of between 15 and 250, a P/Al ratio of at least 0.1, but lower than 5, a total pore volume ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 ml/g, with an average pore diameter ranging from 3 nm. to 40 nm, and a specific surface area ranging from 200 to 1000 M2/g; (B) at least one metal with a hydro-dehydrogenating activity selected from groups 6 to 10 of the periodic table of elements, dispersed on said support (A) in an amount of between 0.05 and 5% by weight with respect to the total weight of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignees: ENI S.p.A., Institute Francais du Petrole, Enitecnologie S.p.A.
    Inventors: Vincenzo Calemma, Cristina Flego, Luciano Cosimo Carluccio, Wallace Parker, Roberto Giardino, Giovanni Faraci
  • Publication number: 20080033227
    Abstract: The present invention provides an improved sulfuric acid catalyzed alkylation process wherein the sulfur content from one or more streams in the alkylation process is recovered by an extraction agent. The extraction agent of the invention comprises ammonia or ammonium hydroxide. Advantageously, the recovered sulfur content is converted to sulfuric acid, such as in a spent acid regeneration (SAR) plant, and recycled to replenish decomposed catalyst in the alkylation process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 3, 2007
    Publication date: February 7, 2008
    Inventor: David Campbell Graves
  • Patent number: 7304199
    Abstract: A catalyst composition includes an oxygen compound of an element selected from Group IVB or Group IVA of the Periodic Table of the Elements; an oxygen compound of an element selected from Group VIB or Group VIA of the Periodic Table of the Elements; and at least about 1% by weight based upon total catalyst weight of fumed silica particles. The catalyst composition is advantageously employed in hydrocarbon conversion processes such as isomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2007
    Assignee: ABB Lummus Global Inc.
    Inventors: Jinsuo Xu, Chuen Y. Yeh, Philip J. Angevine
  • Patent number: 7220888
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing hydrocarbons having a modified carbon skeleton by reacting aliphatic hydrocarbons a) with themselves, b) with another aliphatic hydrocarbon or c) with aromatic alkyl substituted hydrocarbons, in the presence of a metal organic catalyst or the hybrid thereof, at a temperature of between 20–400° C. and a pressure of between 0.2–100 bars, wherein the reaction takes place in the presence of hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Basf Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Dominic Vanoppen, Ekkehard Schwab, Jean-Marie Basset, Jean Thivolle-Cazat, Mostapha Taoufik, Michael Schulz, Arthur Höhn
  • Patent number: 7214845
    Abstract: A novel hydrocarbon disproportionation process is provided and includes contacting a hydrocarbon feed comprising at least one paraffin with a disproportionation catalyst comprising a support component, a metal, and a halogen in a disproportionation reaction zone under disproportionation reaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Bruce B. Randolph, Marvin M. Johnson, Edward L. Sughrue, II
  • Patent number: 7151199
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon or oxygenate conversion process in which a feedstock is contacted with a non zeolitic molecular sieve which has been treated to remove most, if not all, of the halogen contained in the catalyst. The halogen may be removed by one of several methods. One method includes heating the catalyst in a low moisture environment, followed by contacting the heated catalyst with air and/or steam. Another method includes steam-treating the catalyst at a temperature from 400° C. to 1000° C. The hydrocarbon or oxygenate conversion processes include the conversion of oxygenates to olefins, the conversion of oxygenates and ammonia to alkylamines, the conversion of oxygenates and aromatic compounds to alkylated aromatic compounds, cracking and dewaxing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Luc Roger Marc Martens, Stephen N. Vaughn, Albert Edward Schweizer, John K. Pierce, Shun Chong Fung
  • Patent number: 7041866
    Abstract: A catalyst and process is disclosed to selectively upgrade a paraffinic feedstock to obtain an isoparaffin-rich product for blending into gasoline. The catalyst comprises a support of a sulfated oxide or hydroxide of a Group IVB (IUPAC 4) metal, a first component comprising at least one Group III A (IUPAC 13) component, and at least one platinum-group metal component which is preferably platinum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Ralph D. Gillespie
  • Patent number: 6977322
    Abstract: A catalyst and process is disclosed to selectively upgrade a paraffinic feedstock to obtain an isoparaffin-rich product for blending into gasoline. The catalyst comprises a support of a tungstated oxide or hydroxide of a Group IVB (IUPAC 4) metal, a first component of at least one lanthanide element, yttrium or mixtures thereof, which is preferably ytterbium or holmium, and at least one platinum-group metal component which is preferably platinum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2005
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Ralph D. Gillespie
  • Publication number: 20040116764
    Abstract: A novel hydrocarbon disproportionation process is provided and includes contacting a hydrocarbon feed comprising at least one paraffin with a disproportionation catalyst comprising a support component, a metal, and a halogen in a disproportionation reaction zone under disproportionation reaction conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2002
    Publication date: June 17, 2004
    Inventors: Bruce B. Randolph, Marvin M. Johnson, Edward L. Sughrue
  • Patent number: 6727397
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for manufacturing alkanes, comprising, as main stage, a reaction resulting from bringing methane into contact with at least one other starting alkane (A) in the presence of a catalyst based on a metal M capable of catalyzing a metathesis of alkanes. The reaction results in the formation of at least one or two final alkanes (B) having a number of carbon atoms less than or equal to that of the starting alkane (A) and at least equal to 2. Preferably the catalyst comprises a hydride of a metal M grafted to and dispersed over a solid support. The metal M may be chosen from transition metals, lanthanides and actinides. The present invention also relates to the use of a catalyst capable of catalyzing a metathesis of alkanes in 3 reaction resulting from bringing methane into contact with at least one other starting alkane (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: BP Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Jean-Marie Basset, Christophe Coperet, Laurent Lefort, Barry Martin Maunders, Olivier Maury, Guillaume Saggio, Jean Thivolle-Cazat
  • Publication number: 20040059169
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing hydrocarbons having a modified carbon skeleton by reacting aliphatic hydrocarbons a) with themselves, b) with another aliphatic hydrocarbon or c) with aromatic alkyl substituted hydrocarbons, in the presence of a metal organic catalyst or the hybrid thereof, at a temperature of between 20-400° C. and a pressure of between 0.2-100 bars, wherein the reaction takes place in the presence of hydrogen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2003
    Publication date: March 25, 2004
    Inventors: Dominic Vanoppen, Ekkehard Schwab, Jean-Marie Basset, Jean Thivolle-Cazat, Mostapha Taoufik, Michael Schulz, Arthur Hohn
  • Publication number: 20040035751
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new mesoporous inorganic solids in the form of primary and/or secondary inorganic particles of D10≧1 &mgr;m and D50≧3 &mgr;m, preferably from D10≧2 &mgr;m and D50≧10 &mgr;m the size of which can go up to 10 mm, wherein the microporous volume (pores of size less than or equal to 2 &mgr;m) represents at most 10% of the total porous volume up to 300 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2003
    Publication date: February 26, 2004
    Applicant: CECA, S.A.
    Inventor: Dominique Plee
  • Publication number: 20040010175
    Abstract: A process of contacting at least one feed hydrocarbon, containing three to about seven carbon atoms per molecule, and ethylene in a hydrocarbon-containing fluid in the presence of a catalyst composition to provide at least one product hydrocarbon isomer containing about four to about nine carbon atoms per molecule is provided. The at least one feed hydrocarbon can be selected from paraffins, isoparaffins, and the like and combinations thereof. The catalyst composition contains a hydrogen halide component, a sulfone component, and a metal halide component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2002
    Publication date: January 15, 2004
    Inventors: Bruce B. Randolph, James B. Kimble, Marvin M. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6573416
    Abstract: A process for disproportionating isoparaffins and paraffins in the presence of at least one initiator is disclosed. The product from the disproportionation contains a gasoline range material having a higher octane-rating than the isoparaffins and paraffins in the feed and a diesel range material having a higher cetane number than the isoparaffins and paraffins in the feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2003
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventor: Bruce B. Randolph
  • Patent number: 6566569
    Abstract: A process for preparing a C4- product stream and a C6+ product stream is disclosed. The process involves contacting a C5 containing paraffinic feedstock with a catalyst that includes a hydrogenation/dehydrogenation catalyst and an olefin metathesis catalyst under conditions which dehydrogenate the paraffins to olefins. The olefins are then metathesized and rehydrogenated to provide a product stream. A C4- fraction and a C6+ fraction can each be isolated from the product stream. The C4- fraction can be used, for example, in an alkylation reaction to provide compounds useful in gasoline compositions. Unconverted C5 paraffins can be recycled. The C6+ fraction can be used, for example, as solvents. Alternatively, they can be isomerized to form gasoline additives, or can be converted to aromatic compounds via reforming, for example, using conventional reforming techniques, preferably using the AROMAX™ process or traditional rheniforming conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2003
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Cong-Yan Chen, Dennis J. O'Rear, Scott R. Brundage
  • Patent number: 6469225
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of alkanes comprising a cross-metathesis reaction between at least one starting alkane (A) and one organometallic compound (B) fixed to an inorganic support and comprising a metal bonded to at least one hydrocarbon-comprising radical. The reaction leads to the formation of at least one other alkane (C) which is a higher or lower homologue of the starting alkane (A), by cleavage of the hydrocarbon-comprising radical with the metal of the organometallic compound (B) and recombination of the radical with at least one other radical originating from a cleavage of the starting alkane (A). The metal of the compound (B) preferably is selected from transition metals, lanthanides and actinides, and the hydrocarbon-comprising radical of the compound (B) preferably is selected from alkyl, alkylidene and alkylidyne radicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: BP Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: Jean-Marie Basset, Christophe Coperet, Laurent Lefort, Barry Martin Maunders, Olivier Maury, Guillaume Saggio, Jean Thivolle-Cazat
  • Patent number: 6423880
    Abstract: A novel i-pentane disproportionation process is provided and includes contacting i-pentane with an acidic disproportionation catalyst in the presence of a lower paraffin co-feed and, optionally, in the presence of an initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: Bruce B. Randolph, Kenneth C. Hoover, Martyn E. Pfile
  • Publication number: 20020002318
    Abstract: A process for partially converting well gas to saleable products on site by disproportionation of the alkanes in the well gas into higher and lower molecular weight alkanes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 2, 1999
    Publication date: January 3, 2002
    Inventors: DENNIS J. O'REAR, DONALD H. MOHR, CONG-YAN CHEN, PETER J. WHITE
  • Patent number: 6265630
    Abstract: A process for the disproportionation of pentane to alkanes containing fewer carbon atoms per molecule and alkanes containing more atoms per molecule in the presence of a catalyst composition containing hydrogen fluoride (HF), titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) and sulfolane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2001
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: Bruce B. Randolph, Marvin M. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6229060
    Abstract: A process for the metathesis of linear or branched starting alkanes involves, first, grafting metal atoms in the form of hydrides to a solid oxide, such that the grafted metal atoms are dispersed over the solid oxide, which effects a solid catalyst, and second, reacting the starting alkanes over the solid catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2001
    Assignee: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N.R.S.)
    Inventors: Véronique Vidal, Albert Theolier, Jean Thivolle-Cazat, Jean-Marie Basset
  • Patent number: 6225359
    Abstract: Salable hydrocarbon products prepared by reacting a light hydrocarbon gaseous stream with a gaseous oxidant to produce carbon oxides and hydrogen, which is contacted in a hydrocarbon synthesis zone to produce a product stream comprising salable hydrocarbon products. That product stream is separated into a gaseous fraction and at least one fraction of salable hydrocarbon products. The light hydrocarbon gaseous stream is formed by separating a light hydrocarbon gaseous feed comprising alkanes into a lighter fraction and a heavier fraction and contacting that heavier fraction in a disproportionation zone to convert a significant portion of the alkanes in the heavier fraction by disproportionation into both higher and lower alkanes, then at least part of the lighter fraction and the lower alkanes form the light hydrocarbon gaseous stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2001
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Dennis John O'Rear, Charles L. Kibby, Russell R. Krug
  • Patent number: 6020533
    Abstract: Hydrocarbon conversion processes using a new family of crystalline manganese phosphate compositions is disclosed. These compositions have an extended network; which network can be a one-, two-, or three-dimensional network. The composition has an empirical formula of:(A.sup.a+).sub.v (Mn.sup.b+)(M.sup.c+).sub.x P.sub.y O.sub.zwhere A is a templating agent such as an alkali metal, M is a metal such as Al, Fe.sup.3+ and "b" is the average manganese oxidation state and varies from greater than 3.0 to about 4.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2000
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gregory J. Lewis, Paula L. Bogdan
  • Patent number: 6018088
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for producing branched aliphatic ketones in hydrocarbon mixtures from isoalkanes by a superacid catalyzed formylation-rearrangement reaction. The method can be used to simultaneously isomerize, if necessary, and formylate hydrocarbons in complex hydrocarbon mixtures such as refinery streams, alkylate mixtures, and natural gas liquids. Natural gas liquids of low octane number are upgraded and oxygenated by adding to the natural gas liquids or reactively producing in the liquids branched aliphatic ketones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Inventor: George A. Olah
  • Patent number: 5942104
    Abstract: This invention provides a method for preparing non-zeolitic molecular sieves using inexpensive reagents and at lower manufacturing cost. The method includes using a low density, small size particulate hydrated alumina, such as aluminum hydroxide, in place of aluminum alkoxides and other more costly reagents. The preferred particulate hydrated alumina has a density of less than 1.0 g/cm.sup.3, an average particle size of less than about 40 microns and an alkali content of less than 0.12 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen J. Miller