Vest Patents (Class 600/389)
  • Patent number: 10076260
    Abstract: A method can include analyzing non-invasive electrical data for a region of interest (ROI) of a patient's anatomical structure to identify one or more zones within the ROI that contain at least one mechanism of distinct arrhythmogenic electrical activity. The method also includes analyzing invasive electrical data for a plurality of signals of interest at different spatial sites within each of the identified zones to determine intracardiac signal characteristics for the plurality of sites within each respective zone. The method also includes generating an output that integrates the at least one mechanism of distinct arrhythmogenic electrical activity for the one or more zones with intracardiac signal characteristics for the plurality of sites within each respective zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: Cardioinsight Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan Bokan, Charulatha Ramanathan, Ping Jia, Maria Strom, Qingguo Zeng
  • Patent number: 10070798
    Abstract: A heart activity sensor structure includes a flexible textile substrate, and at least two electrodes with an electric insulation between each of the at least two electrodes. The at least two electrodes are applied on one side of the flexible textile substrate and configured to be placed against a skin of an exerciser in order to measure biosignals related to heart activity. The heart activity sensor also includes an electrostatic discharge shield applied on one side of the flexible textile substrate for protecting the at least two electrodes from static electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: Polar Electro Oy
    Inventors: Seppo Korkala, Elias Pekonen, Juhani Kemppainen, Pekka Rytky
  • Patent number: 9993199
    Abstract: A textile-based electrode system includes a first fabric layer having an inner and an outer surface. The inner surface includes a knitted electrode configured to be placed in contact with the skin of a user. A second fabric layer is disposed and configured to contact the outer surface of the first fabric layer. The second fabric layer includes a knitted conductive pathway configured to be electrically coupled to the knitted electrode. Furthermore, a third fabric layer is configured and disposed to contact the second fabric layer. A connector is disposed on the third fabric layer and is configured to be electrically coupled to the knitted conductive pathway. The second fabric layer can be folded about a first fold axis and the third fabric layer can be folded about a second fold axis to place the second fabric layer in contact with the first fabric layer and the third fabric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: OMsignal Inc.
    Inventors: Joanna Berzowska, Frederic Chanay, Stephane Menard, Elina Nurkka
  • Patent number: 9820666
    Abstract: A method can include analyzing non-invasive electrical data for a region of interest (ROI) of a patient's anatomical structure to identify one or more zones within the ROI that contain at least one mechanism of distinct arrhythmogenic electrical activity. The method also includes analyzing invasive electrical data for a plurality of signals of interest at different spatial sites within each of the identified zones to determine intracardiac signal characteristics for the plurality of sites within each respective zone. The method also includes generating an output that integrates the at least one mechanism of distinct arrhythmogenic electrical activity for the one or more zones with intracardiac signal characteristics for the plurality of sites within each respective zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: CARDIOINSIGHT TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Ryan Bokan, Charulatha Ramanathan, Ping Jia, Maria Strom, Qingguo Zeng
  • Patent number: 9705239
    Abstract: A flexible electrode assembly comprises a central portion having electrical contacts disposed thereon and a plurality of elongated portions extending radially outwards from the central portion. One or more of the elongated portions has an electrode disposed in the vicinity of a distal end thereof. The electrodes are electrically coupled to respective ones of the electrical contacts disposed on the central portion. An apparatus for measuring electrophysiological signals in a human or animal body that incorporates the flexible electrode assembly is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: OBJECTIVISION LIMITED
    Inventors: Arthur Cheng, Alexander Klistorner, Stuart Lindsay Graham
  • Patent number: 9144386
    Abstract: A physiological signal detection device includes at least one electrode pad, a base layer, and at least one water absorption unit. The electrode pad is positioned on a top surface of the base layer. The electrode pad and the base layer form a first receiving compartment therebetween. The water absorption unit is positioned in the first receiving compartment. The water absorption unit has a top engaging the electrode pad, and the water absorption unit has a bottom engaging the base layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: King's Metal Fiber Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hong-Hsu Huang, I-Chen Su, Shun-Tung Yang
  • Patent number: 9119594
    Abstract: A garment includes a fabric portion, an electrode fixedly connected to the fabric portion, a receptacle fixedly connected to the fabric portion, and an electronics module releasably positioned in the receptacle. The receptacle includes a receptacle housing, an electrode lead, and a receptacle contact. The electrode lead is attached to the electrode. The electrode lead engages the receptacle contact to establish an electrical connection with the receptacle contact without being attached to the receptacle contact. The electronics module includes a module contact that engages the receptacle contact when the electronics module is positioned in the socket to establish an electrical connection between the module contact and the receptacle contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Under Armour, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark A. Oleson, Samuel J. Hollenbach, F. Grant Kovach, Jason Berns
  • Patent number: 9024619
    Abstract: A system for connecting remote equipment to a sensor device having a connector coupled to at least two terminals located on different portions of the sensor device. The portions of the sensor device may be an anterior portion and a posterior portion with each having at least one terminal. In turn, the terminals are nested on top of one another and at least one terminal is electrically accessible through a window region of the other portion. Further, the terminals are alignable with each other and with a connector by alignment indicators, which may provide a visual alignment indication for the terminals as well as a mechanical alignment of the connector with the sensor device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Verathon Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew Caprio, Vanessa Beasley, Gerald J. McMorrow, Andrew Clay, Ekaterina Filipova Ivanova, Antonio Valenzuela
  • Publication number: 20150119677
    Abstract: A combination of an article of clothing and ECG electrodes, the combination including a front piece and a back piece. The front piece includes an inner lining and an outer lining. Ten front-end modules of active electrodes, ten lead wires, and an electrical plug are disposed on the outer surface of the inner lining for the purpose of collecting electrical signals. The ten front-end modules are connected to the electrical plug via the ten lead wires, respectively. The front-end modules are riveted on the inner lining by bolts. The outer lining includes a pocket including a through hole. The electrical plug passes through the through hole and is inserted into a Holter system placed in the pocket. A plurality of female buckles for buckling ECG electrodes are disposed on an inner surface of the inner lining.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Weiming LIU
  • Patent number: 9008748
    Abstract: A waterproof physiological signal detection device includes at least one electrode pad, a waterproof base layer, at least one water absorption unit, and a waterproof top layer. The electrode pad is positioned on a top surface of the waterproof base layer, and a first receiving compartment formed therebetween. The water absorption unit is positioned in the first receiving compartment. The water absorption unit has a top engaging the electrode pad and s a bottom engaging the waterproof base layer. The waterproof top layer overlaps the waterproof base layer and forms at least one top layer opening that corresponds to and exposes the at least one electrode pad. An undersurface of a circumference of the top layer opening overlaps a circumference of a top surface of the electrode pad with a central portion of the electrode pad projecting through the top layer opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: King's Metal Fiber Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: I-Chen Su, Hong-Hsu Huang, Shun-Tung Yang
  • Patent number: 8954129
    Abstract: An electrode wearable or harness permits for easy, quick, and unsupervised administration or self-administration of a resting 12-or-more-lead ECG. Various advantageous features of the electrode wearable or harness include: inflatable or padded cushions at the lateral sides of the torso that function to press LA and RA electrodes mounted on the cushions against the downward-resting arms of the subject, permitting good electrode abutment with distal electrode placement without the need for adhesives, straps, bands, bracelets, or gloves on the arms; padding over the sternum to avoid tenting in the V1, V2, V3 and V3R electrodes whenever present, easy-to-don, one-piece design with an adjustable single point of connection and an adjustable shoulder strap; Lund or modified Lund placement; dry electrodes; and various other features. Methods of use are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Inventors: Todd T. Schlegel, Aaron T. Rood
  • Publication number: 20150031978
    Abstract: A thoracic garment for bringing an EM transducer to contact with a thoracic surface area of a wearer. The thoracic garment comprises a front thoracic garment piece and a back thoracic garment piece the front and/or back thoracic garment pieces having EM transducer(s), the front thoracic garment piece having an arrangement of passages formed therein or thereon, a handhold mechanically connected to the front thoracic garment piece, a positioning marker, and a plurality of straps each threaded in the arrangement of passages. The thoracic garment is configured to be adapted by the wearer which uses a first hand to hold the handhold for mounting the front thoracic garment piece against or close to the chest such that the positioning marker is positioned at the predefined position while using a second hand for pulling the straps.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Amir Saroka, Leonid Voshin, Ofer Karp, Shiomi Bergida
  • Publication number: 20150025354
    Abstract: A device (100) for measuring electrophysiological signals of a body comprising electrodes (101) and a multilayer supporting medium (102), such as garment, like a belt, for supporting said electrodes (101). The multilayer supporting medium (102) comprises at least one stretchable layer (103) and one non-stretchable (104) corrugated (104a) layer. The layers are coupled with each other in numerous portions (105) so that the corrugation portions (104a) of said non-stretchable corrugated layer (104) between the coupling portions (105) are free from said stretchable layer (103). The electrodes (101) are also arranged into the non-stretchable layers (104) at the coupling portions (105).
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Kenneth Alexander Johannes Salonius, Riku Oskari Lehtomäki
  • Patent number: 8909318
    Abstract: A user interface component and system for physiological parameters telemetry is provided. A user interface component may be reversibly or irreversibly attached to a garment that allows connection to a user's skin, such as via one or more holes in the garment. Signals transmitted through a conductive transfer layer in the user interface component are provided to a signal receiving unit which can collect and transmit physiological data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: NIKE Inc.
    Inventor: Matthew D. Nordstrom
  • Patent number: 8897851
    Abstract: A releasable liner for a sensor device having adhesive and conductive gel portions includes a flexible sheet having a free end and a fixed end, and a portion of the flexible sheet that is releasably attached to the sensor device, wherein the flexible sheet is folded upon itself so that the fixed end is generally adjacent the free end. Exerting a pulling force on the free end releases the liner in a controlled manner to uncover the adhesive and conductive gel portions of the sensor device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Verathon Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew Caprio, Andrew Clay, Jeffrey William Ladwig
  • Patent number: 8868217
    Abstract: Devices and methods of treating a targeted body tissue by stimulating the body tissue with an electric current. In one embodiment, an apparatus includes an electrode carrier configured to be removably coupled to an interior surface of an orthosis. The electrode carrier includes a recess configured to matingly receive a portion of an electrode. The electrode carrier is electrically coupled to the electrode when the portion of the electrode is disposed within the recess. A connection member is electrically coupled to the electrode carrier and is configured to be releasably coupled to a surface of the orthosis. The electrode carrier is electrically coupled to the orthosis when the connection member is coupled to the orthosis. In some embodiments, the electrode carrier is configured to be removably coupled to the interior surface of the orthosis. In some embodiments, at least a portion of the electrode is constructed of an absorptive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Bioness Neuromodulation Ltd.
    Inventors: Amit Dar, Mark Rubin, Shmuel Springer, Amir Cohen
  • Publication number: 20140180036
    Abstract: A wireless sleep apnea treatment system comprises a garment having at least one ECG monitor, a wireless signal acquisition board in communication with the ECG monitor and the computer and providing the electrical reading from the ECG monitor to the computer, and a patient stimulator controlled by the computer through the wireless signal acquisition board.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: THE BOARD OF REGENTS FOR OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Satish T.S. Bukkapatnam, Trung Le, Woranat Wongdhamma
  • Publication number: 20140148677
    Abstract: The invention relates to a system (1) for providing an electrical activity map of the heart by means of electrical signals acquired by a plurality of surface electrodes (9). A surface electrodes positions determination unit (4, 6, 13) determines positions of the plurality of surface electrodes by means of optical shape sensing localization. The optical shape sensing element may comprise a wand (4), or alternatively an optical shape sensing fiber embedded in the vest comprising the surface electrodes. The position of a cardiac structure may be determined using ultrasound. An electrical activity map determination unit (16) determines the electrical activity map at the cardiac structure based on the measured electrical signals, the determined positions of the plurality of electrodes and the position of the cardiac structure, in particular, of the epicardial surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventors: Gerardus Henricus Maria Liempde, Hendrikus Bernardus Van Den Brink, Sander Slegt, Niels Nijhof, Dick Dijkkamp
  • Publication number: 20140148678
    Abstract: A method of selecting one or more assay electrodes for use in a device used in an electrical thoracic scan system. The device has a linear multielectrode array, and the method includes providing a device for use in an electrical thoracic scan system. The device includes: a band having an inner surface; and a linear array of electrodes arranged along the length of the band and on the inner surface for contacting the skin surface. Further, each electrode is selectively connectable to a control unit. The method also includes: placing the device on the chest of the subject; designating, as reserve electrodes for potential use, the electrodes making contact with the skin surface; selecting a plurality of assay electrodes from the reserve electrodes; and utilizing the assay electrodes in an electrical thoracic scan process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: CardioLogic Innovations Ltd.
    Inventor: Oren DRORI
  • Patent number: 8433387
    Abstract: A body-surface mapping system is disclosed that uses a plurality of electrodes to map at least a portion of a human torso without having to adjust the positions of the electrodes. The body-surface mapping system energizes groupings or regions of electrodes, then compares and adjusts the current driven through each grouping or region of electrodes to produce near-uniform fields. The electrodes of the body-surface mapping system may be interconnected by wires capable of sensing interelectrode distances, such that the system can reconstruct a detailed model of a patient's torso surface. The body-surface mapping system may also use a catheter in addition to the body surface electrodes to compute both endocardial and epicardial voltage distributions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric J. Voth, Don C. Deno
  • Patent number: 8406842
    Abstract: An electrode assembly that includes an electrically conductive layer, a first impedance reduction system, and a second impedance reduction system. The electrically conductive layer forms an electrode portion of the electrode assembly and a first surface to be placed adjacent a person's skin. The first impedance reduction system is configured to dispense a first amount of an electrically conductive gel onto the first surface of the electrically conductive layer in response to a first activation signal. The second impedance reduction system is configured to dispense a second amount of the electrically conductive gel onto the first surface of the electrically conductive layer in response to a second activation signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Zoll Medical Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas E. Kaib, Shane S. Volpe, Emil Oskin
  • Publication number: 20130053674
    Abstract: The invention relates to devices and methods for monitoring cardiac function. Specifically, the invention relates to devices for secure placement of electrocardiogram (ECG) sensors (patches, electrodes) on the body of a subject.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Inventor: Monica Ann Volker
  • Patent number: 8340740
    Abstract: A garment enables the monitoring of physiological properties of a person wearing the garment. The measuring sensors are integrated into the garment and are positioned by wearing the garment to the correct position of the body of the person wearing the garment. The device for monitoring the physiological properties containing the measuring electronics is located in the back portion of the garment. This device is either fixedly integrated into the garment or it can be removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Cairos Technologies AG
    Inventors: Christian Holzer, Thorsten Habel, Martin Gierich
  • Patent number: 8326434
    Abstract: A medical electrical lead electrode assembly includes an insulative carrier and at least one conductive component. The at least one conductive component includes an electrode portion disposed on a first side of the carrier and at least one tab extending away from the electrode portion, through the carrier to a second side of the carrier. The electrode portion of the at least one component includes an outward facing contact surface and an inward facing surface, the inward facing surface being disposed opposite the contact surface and against a surface of the first side of the carrier. The electrode assembly further includes a joint coupling a flexible elongate conductor to the tab of the at least one component on the second side of the carrier, and an insulative layer extending over the joint and the tab and the conductor, the insulative layer being bonded to the second side of the carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Medtronic, Inc.
    Inventors: Sean Patrick Skubitz, Mary Boatwright, Stephen L. Bolea, Jessica L. Tower, Michael E. Metzler
  • Patent number: 8084051
    Abstract: Therapeutic medical garments for scar treatment includes a composite fabric for treating dermatological scars, wherein a layer of textile fabric and a layer of a therapeutic agent produce a composite sheet suitable for the treatment of dermatologic scars resulting from traumatic, surgical or other injuries to the skin. The composite sheet may be fashioned into garments fitted to the patient for convenience of use, optimization of skin contact, and single step application of pressure therapy and the therapeutic agent. A process of use of the medical garment for applying therapeutic agent and pressure therapies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: Bio Med Sciences, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark E. Dillon
  • Patent number: 8032199
    Abstract: A garment preferably in the form of a body suit which carries one or more sensors for sensing bodily functions of a wearer of the body suit. The body suit preferably has stretchable sections or belts upon which the sensors are carried such that the sensors are maintained in proper position on the body for reliable detection of the body functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: DITF Deutsche Institute fur Textil-und Faserforschung
    Inventors: Carsten Linti, Heinrich Planck, Hansjurgen Horter, Ursula Gutknecht
  • Patent number: 8024023
    Abstract: The present invention relates to sensory for measuring signals on the surface of the skin and for producing sensory. In the sensory in accordance with the invention, the electrode surfaces required for measuring of a signal and/or conductors required for transmitting of a signal have been fastened to the textile material of an outfit or accessory used on the body. In the method in accordance with the invention, the electrode surfaces required for the sensory and/or conductors are added to the textile material of an outfit or accessory used on the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignees: Mega Elektroniikka Oy, Suunto Oy
    Inventor: Pekka Tolvanen
  • Patent number: 7970451
    Abstract: Textile-based electrodes include a fabric portion having stretch-recovery non-conductive yarns and an electrically conductive region having stretch-recovery electrically conductive yarn filaments. The electrodes can further include float yarns and can be configured in a textured or ribbed construction. When incorporated into a garment, the electrodes can be used to monitor biophysical characteristics, such as the garment wearer's heart rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Textronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Qaizar N. Hassonjee, Juan Cera, Robert-Michael Bartecki, Thomas A. Micka, Claudia Schultze, Stacey B. Burr, Eleni Karayianni
  • Patent number: 7966074
    Abstract: An apparatus to enhance muscular movement is provided. The apparatus includes at least one muscular movement sensor to sense a result of an attempt to move a muscle, a movement information controller to analyze the sensed muscular movement, and generate muscular movement information based on the analyzed muscular movements, and a muscular movement actuator to enhance the movement of the muscle according to the generated muscular movement information by actively controlling a deformation of the muscle movement actuator over the surface of the muscle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kyu-yong Kim, Sang-youn Kim, Byung-seok Soh
  • Patent number: 7966052
    Abstract: Two garments with textile based electrodes are disclosed. First, a wrist band for use with a cardiac patient remote monitoring system includes two fabric layers with integral textile-based electrodes. The textile based electrodes include a fabric portion having stretch-recovery non-conductive yarns and an electrically conductive region having stretch-recovery electrically conductive yarn filaments. The skin contacting surface of the band includes a conductive region formed as a continuous ring or stripe. A connector links the conductive region to a lead to a device. Second, an infant garment includes textile based electrodes at the torso region and optionally at other regions in order to monitor the infant's biophysical characteristics as the garment is worn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Textronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher R. DeFusco, Yazbehl Velez Waters, Stacey B. Burr
  • Patent number: 7957784
    Abstract: A body-surface mapping system is disclosed that uses a plurality of electrodes to map at least a portion of a human torso without having to adjust the positions of the electrodes. The body-surface mapping system energizes groupings or regions of electrodes, then compares and adjusts the current driven through each grouping or region of electrodes to produce near-uniform fields. The electrodes of the body-surface mapping system may be interconnected by wires capable of sensing interelectrode distances, such that the system can reconstruct a detailed model of a patient's torso surface. The body-surface mapping system may also use a catheter in addition to the body surface electrodes to compute both endocardial and epicardial voltage distributions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: St. Jude Medical, Atrial Fibrillation Division, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric Jon Voth, Don Curtis Deno
  • Publication number: 20100130847
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a wearable garment device for application of electrical current to a patient's tissue. The garment device includes a material having a aperture and a mesh material extending across the aperture. At least one electrode is attached onto one side of the mesh material. The surface of the mesh material attached to the at least one electrode is defined as the outer surface. The other surface of the mesh material is defined as the inner surface. The inner surface of the mesh material is placed against the patient's tissue to receive the electrical stimulation from the electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Publication date: May 27, 2010
    Applicant: Tyco Healthcare Group LP
    Inventor: Jay M. Dunagan
  • Patent number: 7628761
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for detecting physiological function, for example, nerve conduction, is described. In one embodiment the apparatus includes a housing including a stimulator shaped to fit a first anatomical site and a detector shaped to fit a second anatomical site. The housing automatically positions the detector substantially adjacent to the second anatomical site when the stimulator is positioned substantially adjacent to the first anatomical site. The detector contains a plurality of individual detection elements, whereby the response evoked by stimulation at the first anatomical site is measured using one or more of these detection elements at the second anatomical location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: NeuroMetrix, Inc.
    Inventors: Shai N. Gozani, Ann Pavlik Meyer, Xuan Kong, Martin D. Wells
  • Publication number: 20090270708
    Abstract: A sports clothes including an inner layer structure and an outer layer structure is suitable to be worn on a human body. The inner layer structure includes a main part, an elastic structure, at least two fabric electrodes, and at least one fastener. The elastic structure is connected with the main part. The two fabric electrodes suitable for contacting with the skin of the human body are directly knitted on the elastic structure. The fastener is nailed on the elastic structure and electrically connected with the two fabric electrodes. The parts of the outer layer structure and that of the inner layer structure corresponding to at least one of the shoulder, partial neck portion, and armpit are connected. The outer layer structure covers the inner layer structure completely.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2008
    Publication date: October 29, 2009
    Applicant: Taiwan Textile Research Institute
    Inventors: CHIEN-LUNG SHEN, Kun-Chuan Tsai, Wen-Kuei Lai
  • Patent number: 7474910
    Abstract: Textile-based electrodes include a fabric portion having stretch-recovery non-conductive yarns and an electrically conductive region having stretch-recovery electrically conductive yarn filaments. The electrodes can further include float yarns and can be configured in a textured or ribbed construction. When incorporated into a garment, the electrodes can be used to monitor biophysical characteristics, such as the garment wearer's heart rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2009
    Assignee: Textronics Inc.
    Inventors: Qaizar N. Hassonjee, Juan Cera, Robert-Michael Bartecki, Thomas A. Micka, Claudia Schultze, Stacey B. Burr, Eleni Karayianni
  • Publication number: 20080161671
    Abstract: A body-surface mapping system is disclosed that uses a plurality of electrodes to map at least a portion of a human torso without having to adjust the positions of the electrodes. The body-surface mapping system energizes groupings or regions of electrodes, then compares and adjusts the current driven through each grouping or region of electrodes to produce near-uniform fields. The electrodes of the body-surface mapping system may be interconnected by wires capable of sensing interelectrode distances, such that the system can reconstruct a detailed model of a patient's torso surface. The body-surface mapping system may also use a catheter in addition to the body surface electrodes to compute both endocardial and epicardial voltage distributions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Publication date: July 3, 2008
    Inventors: Eric J. Voth, Don C. Deno
  • Patent number: 7324841
    Abstract: The invention relates to a sensor (42) placed on the skin, which can advantageously be integrated in a garment and has a contact layer in contact with the skin containing conductive fibres for receiving signals and a moisture retentive moisture layer (41) on top of the contact layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2008
    Assignee: Polar Electro OY
    Inventors: Akseli Reho, Elina Välimäki, Seppo Nissilä, Ilkka Heikkilä
  • Patent number: 7319895
    Abstract: A flexible, elastic garment (1) is provided comprising biomedical sensors (3, 4, 5, 6), an electrical power distribution and data transmission bus (2, 7) and a coupling circuit for allowing contactless transmission of power and data between the sensors and a circuit external to the garment. The sensors (3, 4, 5, 6), and the bus (2, 7) for distributing the electrical power and/or transporting the data from the sensors in the garment are formed by elastic conducting yarns integrated into the fabric of the garment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2008
    Assignee: Tam-Telesante
    Inventors: Francis Klefstad-Sillonville, Jean-Luc Weber, David Blanc
  • Patent number: 7308294
    Abstract: Textile-based electrodes include a fabric portion having stretch-recovery non-conductive yarns and an electrically conductive region having stretch-recovery electrically conductive yarn filaments. The electrodes can further include float yarns and can be configured in a textured or ribbed construction. When incorporated into a garment, the electrodes can be used to monitor biophysical characteristics, such as the garment wearer's heart rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2007
    Assignee: Textronics Inc.
    Inventors: Qaizar N. Hassonjee, Juan Cera, Robert-Michael Bartecki, Thomas A. Micka, Claudia Schultze, Stacey B. Burr, Eleni Karayianni
  • Patent number: 7254447
    Abstract: A method and apparatus include a therapeutic or developmental apparel that includes hardware and/or software for stimulating a muscle. Such apparel may comprise, for instance, of: a glove, a uniform, a shoe, a sock, a vest, a sleeve, a shirt, a hat, a helmet, a brace, a suspender, eye wear, a pad, jewelry, a watch and pants. A muscle of a user may be stimulated by the garment as the user moves, such as a when a golfer practices her swing. Combining such muscle stimulation with the act of practicing the movement of the swing has a synergistic effect of training the muscle as it builds strength. Similarly, a partial paralytic may regain strength in their hand by wearing a vest or other garment configured to transcutaneously deliver a stimulating signal. Where desired, the garment may include at least one electrode configured to deliver a stimulating signal to the wearer. In another or the same embodiment, wired electrodes may extend from the garment or an adjacent signal generator to the wearer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2007
    Assignee: Therapeutic Innovations, Inc.
    Inventors: James M. Campos, Bruce D. Rowe
  • Patent number: 7054677
    Abstract: The present invention provides for an ECG electrode system that includes the use of electrodes adapted to attach to the body via suction. The invention includes a lightweight and compact air pump in combination with air connection hoses, a lightweight air distribution unit, associated electrode tubes, and respective electrodes adapted to be positioned by the Venturi principle, and corresponding electrical leads and recorders/monitors. The electrode leads can each be positioned within respective air connections hoses, e.g., in a manner that is concentric or coaxial with the axis of the connection hoses, in order to both protect the leads themselves and facilitate their positioning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2006
    Assignee: Venturi Medical Systems
    Inventors: Mark J. Hastings, Hans-Peter Feucht, Albert Michael Harder, Donald John Evans
  • Publication number: 20040138546
    Abstract: The invention relates to a sensor (42) placed on the skin, which can advantageously be integrated in a garment and has a contact layer in contact with the skin containing conductive fibres for receiving signals and a moisture retentive moisture layer (41) on top of the contact layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2003
    Publication date: July 15, 2004
    Inventors: Akseli Reho, Elina Valimaki, Seppo Nissila, Ilkka Heikkila
  • Publication number: 20030212319
    Abstract: A health monitoring garment which employs a means of conducting electricity from the surface of the skin, through the fibres of a fabric to another fabric which is removably attached to it and contains a microprocessor, telemetry and a power source to monitor and transmit EKG data of a person wearing the clothing, as illustrated in FIG. 2. Removability enables tile garment to be washed and the electronics to be kept separate from the washing and tumble drying process. The same system can be used in reverse to effect cardiac pacing or defibrillation or to deliver other forms of electronically conveyed healing such as tissue repair.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2003
    Publication date: November 13, 2003
    Inventor: Alan Remy Magill
  • Patent number: 6629932
    Abstract: A device is described that can be easily used to warn an asthmatic or allergen reacting patient of irritant levels which may trigger an asthma or allergy attack for that person. The device continually monitors and records irritants in the air, and when the concentration exceeds the predefined level the device generates an alarm signal for the user. The recorded data can be downloaded to a computer, and this information can be used by the patient and the physician to identify irritants, guide treatment, and determine threshold levels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2003
    Assignee: Pearl Technology Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Paul J. Weber, Kenneth B. Trauner, Luiz B. Da Silva
  • Patent number: 6551252
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of ambulatory and non-invasive monitoring of a plurality of physiological parameters of a monitored individual. The invention includes a physiological monitoring apparatus with an improved monitoring apparel worn by a monitored individual, the apparel having attached sensors for monitoring parameters reflecting pulmonary function, or parameters reflecting cardiac function, or parameters reflecting the function of other organ systems, and the apparel being designed and tailored to be comfortable during the individual's normal daily activities. The apparel is preferably also suitable for athletic activities. The sensors preferably include one or more ECG leads and one of more inductive plethysmographic sensor with conductive loops positioned closely to the individual to preferably monitor at least basic cardiac parameters, basic pulmonary parameters, or both.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2003
    Assignee: VivoMetrics, Inc.
    Inventors: Marvin A. Sackner, Dana Michael Inman
  • Patent number: 6065154
    Abstract: In a support garment for a patient-worn energy delivery apparatus, a vest-type garment holds an electrode belt in contact with a wearer's ribcage. The garment includes a flap with button holes to permit buttoning in of energy transfer electrodes, thus constituting a wearable electrode system. Additionally, a holster contains the components of a wearable cardioverter defibrillator that are not in contact with the skin. The holster has an adjustment for waist, girth and vertical position of the defibrillator according to the personal preferences of the wearer. The support garment includes a vest-like chest garment and an inner layer which provides support for the defibrillator electrodes. A removable electrode harness is attachable to the support garment in order to accurately position the sensing electrodes on the body of the wearer and energy delivery electrodes for transfer of an electrode therapy pulse to the wearer of the garment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Assignee: Lifecor, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert J. Hulings, Emil Oskin, Arlan J. Brandt
  • Patent number: 6047203
    Abstract: A non-invasive physiologic signs monitoring device includes a garment with electrocardiogram electrodes and various inductive plethysmographic sensors sewn, embroidered, embedded, or otherwise attached to the garment with an adhesive. The garment is in the form of a shirt. When the garment is fitted over the torso of the patient to be monitored, the electrodes and sensors generate signals in response to the physiologic signs of the patient. The signals are transmitted to a recording/alarm device where they are monitored for adverse conditions and logged. When an adverse condition or other preprogrammed condition occurs, a message is communicated to the patient by either an audio message or a display. The recording/alarm unit is also connectable to a remote receiving unit for monitoring by a health care professional or other machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Assignee: Nims, Inc.
    Inventors: Marvin A. Sackner, D. Michael Inman
  • Patent number: 5944669
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for sensing cardiac function in a patient, particularly adaptable to being worn by an ambulatory patient. Including sensor to receive ECG signals in at least plane of the patient chest area, and an analyzer to derive a signal representation of the electrical axis of the patient heart. Changes in the signal representation can be evaluated to include heart condition. The axis analyzer and other ECG information can be used to generate rate information used in conjunction with the heart axis signal representation. Incidence of phase zero-crossing of the heart axis signal representation and the magnitude peaks can be used to indicate and distinguish various heart conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Lifecor, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas E. Kaib
  • Patent number: 5865740
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electrodeless device for administering an electrocardiogram consisting essentially of a single flexible sheet having multiple electrical strips or wires pre-positioned for placement on a patient's chest. The device includes at least two positioning means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1999
    Assignee: Unilead International, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert John Kelly, Thomas G. Lavine