Abstract: A vertical individual section (I.S.) machine for manufacturing glass containers is disclosed in which parisons made in parison molds are lowered into blow molds located under the parison molds without being inverted, where they are blown into glass containers. Optionally, reheat shrouds may be located vertically intermediate the blank molds and the blow molds to reheat the parisons prior to them being blown. The vertical I.S. machine may have multiple sections that are located close adjacent each other, with each section potentially having multiple blank and blow molds.
September 23, 2013
April 3, 2014
Emhart Glass S.A.
Kenneth L. Bratton, F. Alan Fenton, Matthew R. Hyre, Paul Stargardter, Jonathon S. Simon, Stephen A. Austin, Steven J. Pinkerton
Abstract: The present invention relates to a process and equipment for the fabrication of glass containers with internally threaded neck and such containers. The plunger (6) is from the glass leaving an imprint corresponding to the mouth (M) of a bottle, wherein the plunger has at least one helical groove (15) in its outside surface. During the extraction, the plunger is rotated around a longitudinal axis (X-X) performing a roto-translational motion to unscrew the plunger out of the partially solidified glass, leaving an internal thread in the mouth (M) of the bottle.
May 30, 2011
November 14, 2013
Owens-Brockway Glass Container Inc.
Benoit Villaret De Chauvigny, Gino Giovanni Brignolo, Anbrogio Morettin, Federico Campodonico, Dalmazio Perrone
Abstract: A preform production apparatus for precision press molding, which is downsized but can produce preforms at a lower cost, and a production method thereof using the apparatus are provided. The production method of a preform for precision press molding includes forming a molten glass body C by way of receiving and cutting molten glass A, being flowed continuously from a discharge nozzle 2, by a support member 1 or by way of allowing molten glass to fall in drops from a discharge nozzle 2 and receiving thereof by a support member 1, and transferring the molten glass body C from the support member 1 to a mold 5 by way of displacing the support member to near the mold 5, disposed not to be beneath the discharge nozzle 2, while increasing the viscosity of the molten glass body C on the support member 1.
Abstract: The invention relates to an installation and a method for producing glass stoppers which are provided with a head portion and are used for sealing wine bottles and sparkling wine bottles. The installation comprises a mold for producing glass stoppers, a feeder system for supplying the mold with molten glass, a multistation press, and a removing and handling system for the finished glass stoppers.
Abstract: In an optical element manufacturing method for press molding in which primary molten glass droplets are caused to collide with a plate to separate some of the droplets and fine droplets of a secondary molten glass that have passed through an opening are dropped onto a lower die to perform press molding, by setting the diameter of the opening of the plate in the range of 50-100% of the effective diameter of the optical functional surface provided for the lower die, manufacturing conditions for the secondary molten glass droplets can be set easily and properly, and optical elements with satisfactory quality of both appearance and optical performance can be manufactured reliably.
Abstract: The present invention relates to an optical glass having a refractive index (nd) of greater than or equal to 1.65 and an Abbé number (? (nu)d) of greater than or equal to 50 for use in precision press molding. The glass exhibits that a ratio ? (alpha)1/? (alpha)2 is less than 17 when temperature denoting maximum value of differential in amount of elongation of glass relative to temperature differential DELTAT (where DELTAT denotes a constant value of 1° C. or less) over a temperature range from glass transition temperature (Tg) to sag temperature (Ts) is denoted as T1, average coefficient of linear expansion over a range from T1?5° C. to T1+5° C. is denoted as alpha1, and average coefficient of linear expansion over a range from the glass transition temperature (Tg)?160° C. to the glass transition temperature (Tg)?140° C. is denoted as alpha2.
March 20, 2007
Date of Patent:
June 29, 2010
Yoshiko Kasuga, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Xuelu Zou
Abstract: In order to solve problems involved in micromolding of a glass, according to the present invention, there can be provided a technology for enabling molding of a glass without applying a large load. A molding apparatus of a glass material according to the present invention is characterized by containing means for holding a glass material and a molding die in contact with each other, means for heating the glass material and the molding die, and means for applying a voltage across the glass material and the molding die, in which press-molding is performed by electrostatic attraction acting between a surface of the glass material and a surface of the molding die. Further, a molded product of a glass material according to the present invention is characterized by including an alkali metal as a component, in which a concentration of the alkali metal is lowered in vicinity of a surface to be molded as compared with that of a glass base material.
Abstract: A glass forming apparatus and a glass forming method of high economical merit and high production efficiency are provided. More specifically, the glass forming apparatus has dies, in which at least one die is divided into a heat exchange unit and a press unit, and in the glass forming apparatus and glass forming method, the plane precision is improved in the contact dividing surfaces of the heat exchange unit and the press unit. A glass forming apparatus includes a die having a press surface for pressing a glass material, in which the die has a plurality of dies, and at least one die is divided into a heat exchange unit and a press unit. Preferably, the surface precision of at least one part of each dividing surface in contact with the heat exchange unit and the press unit has a flatness (PV) of 500 ?m or less, and the plane precision of at least one part of the dividing surface has a surface roughness (Ra) of 100 ?m or less.
Abstract: A method and a device whereby optical glass articles can be produced economically and can be reproduced at a high level of contour accuracy and surface quality. The cost effective press technology that is suitable for mass production is maintained, while at the same time, avoiding the associated disadvantages. A multi-phase press process is utilized whereby the final geometry of the blank is achieved iteratively. Accordingly, a pre-blank is produced from a gob of glass that is fed by way of a feeding device to a press device. The press device is a pre-press including a pre-press punch. The pre-press device produces a blank whose geometry, while coming close, does not yet correspond with the desired final geometry. This first press step is followed by a second one, whereby the pre-blank is transformed into the end product. The press process is broken down into two individual press steps.
Abstract: On molding a glass product by pressing a glass gob by the use of a mold composed of upper and lower dies each of which has a molding surface, a molten glass is supplied as the glass gob onto the molding surface of the lower die. Cooling is carried out for an upper surface of the glass gob supplied onto the molding surface of the lower die. After the cooling, heat radiation suppression is carried out to suppress heat radiation from the glass gob so that an inner part and an upper part of the glass gob are close in temperature to each other. Thereafter; the glass gob is pressed by the molding surfaces of the upper and the lower dies when the glass gob has a viscosity within a range between 103.5 and 106.5 poises (dPa·s). Preferably, the heat radiation suppression is carried out by making a heat shielding member lower in temperature than the inner part of the glass gob approach the upper part of the glass gob in a non-contact state.
Abstract: A plunger assembly (10) for a glass container forming machine of the I.S. type, the plunger assembly having a plunger (12) that is open it one end and is non-threadably secured at its open end to a free end of an annular cylinder rod (14) that operates to reciprocate the plunger relative to a blank mold of the forming machine. A perforated cooling air inlet tube (20) is positioned within the plunger, and the free end of the air inlet tube is held against a free end of an annular extension (22) of the cylinder rod, an opposed end of which is threadably received in the cylinder rod, by a split locking ring (30) an inwardly facing recess (36, 38) of which traps a radially outwardly extending flange (40) of the plunger to axially position the plunger relative to the split ring. The split ring abuts an endless ring (24) and is axially positioned thereagainst by a flange (44, 46) of the split ring that is received in a recess (42) of the extension.
Abstract: Disclosed are a molding apparatus for glass optical elements a plurality of molds each constituted of an upper mold and a lower mold, a matrix supporting the molds, and heating means wound around the matrix for heating the molds, wherein the matrix extends in a longitudinal form and has a constant width, wherein the plurality of the molds are arranged in the matrix in a line so that the center of each mold is located on a center line of the matrix, and wherein a distance between the heating means and the matrix is constant at least at an edge of the matrix in a transverse direction, and a molding method for optical elements comprising the steps of: softening a plurality of glass material pieces by heat; and making a simultaneous press molding of the glass material pieces with a plurality of molds, constituted of upper and lower molds, arranged in a longitudinal form matrix, in a line extending in a longitudinal direction, wherein each mold is heated by thermal conductance from the matrix heated by heating mea
Abstract: In a method for molding glass products having a fine structure as of an optical fiber holder with a high size precision, a mold used for the molding has the fine structure in a size such that a size difference occurring when the glass product is cooled down to a room temperature where at the end of molding with a pressure a size of the fine structure of the mold for glass product and a size of a fine structure of the glass product formed by transfer of the fine structure of the mold are the same as one another is so adjusted that a size of the fine structure of the completed glass product falls within a permissive size precision range. The mold may has a size satisfying, as a size of a fine structure at a room temperature, a formula [1+(.alpha.g-.alpha.m).times..DELTA.T+.alpha.g'.times..DELTA.T'].times.Sg, wherein Sg denotes a size of a fine structure of thc glass product at the room temperature; .alpha.
Abstract: Method and apparatus for producing vitreous optical elements by injection molding, which essentially includes the stages of: melting down a glass material into a molten state in a viscosity at or lower than a working point of the glass material; injecting molten glass under pressure into a mold cavity defined between transfer surfaces of relatively movable mold members of a mold assembly unit in communication with a sprue connecting the mold cavity with an injection port on the outer side of the mold assembly unit; and applying a predetermined pressure on the glass material in the mold cavity while cooling the mold assembly unit down to a temperature in the vicinity of yielding point of the glass material.
Abstract: In the press-molding method for producing molded glass bodies, the molding plug remains in contact with the molded glass body in the mold after the molding process until the regions close to the surface have cooled to a temperature at which the molded body at least temporarily possesses sufficient inherent stability to be removed from the mold. To prevent re-heating of the regions near the surface from causing undesirable deformation of the molded glass body, the body is transferred to a cooling station after being removed from the press mold. With this method, the waiting period during which the molded glass body is in the mold is minimized, so this mold is available for another molding process after a very short time. The capability of a glass-molding apparatus operated according to the method of the invention is thus increased.
Abstract: Optical glass preforms for use in subsequent molding processes for the production of lenses are produced which have a controlled peripheral edge wall geometry. Gobs of molten glass of predetermined weight and volume are dripped onto a lower mold surface. A pressing head including a sleeve and a plunger are lowered such that the sleeve surrounds the gob. The plunger is then depressed such that the upper mold surface of the plunger resides in a predetermined elevation above the lower mold surface thereby forcing the gob to conform to the cavity created within the sleeve and between the upper and lower mold surfaces. In such manner the sleeve serves as a form or exterior boundary for the resultant preform such that a preform is produced which requires no grinding or polishing prior to its use in subsequent molding operations.
Abstract: A plunger mechanism for forming a hollow article of glass in a "narrow neck press and blow" operation which utilizes an electro servo-driven leadscrew to actuate it. A position sensing resolver is used to determine the position of the plunger over the full range of its stroke, and the position information can be used as feedback to control the position of the plunger prior to contacting a molten gob of glass in a mold chamber. The depth of the plunger penetration into the molten gob is then controlled by the pressing pressure, which is a function of motor torque and screw mechanics. It is possible to control the pressure exerted on the molten glass gob by controlling the torque applied by the motor. A separate gob weight controller is not required because changes in gob weight can be determined by closely monitoring the plunger penetration of the gob.
Abstract: A molding apparatus includes a glass ejection chamber for pre-molding glass, a glass heating chamber having a heating furnace, a precision press chamber for molding an optical element, and a mechanism for transporting a glass supporting member. A method for molding an optical element using the molding apparatus includes the step of providing a molded lens receiving molded part and a supporting member in the glass ejection chamber. The glass is heated in the heating chamber while being supported on the supporting member after being separated from the receiving mold part. The glass is molded into the optical element by a pair of mold parts having molding surfaces formed in conformity with the major surfaces of the optical element.
Abstract: A method of molding a glass optical element. A supporting member is disposed in contact with a receiving mold part. A gob of molten glass is placed on an end surface of the receiving mold part and pre-molded by spreading out in contact with the end surface so as to form a glass preform. The glass preform supported by the supporting member is then transported to a heating furnace and heated. The heated glass preform supported on the supporting member is then transported to a position between a pair of mold parts and press molded to form a molded optical element. The end surface of the receiving mold part has a shape corresponding to an optical surface of the molded optical element so that in the pre-molding step, the glass preform is formed having a bottom portion having the shape corresponding to the optical surface. An auxiliary mold part can be provided having a molding surface in opposing facing relation with the end surface of the receiving mold part.
Abstract: A glass object having protrusions and/or recesses, for example a glass lid (1) with a handle (2), is produced in an IS machine by pressing molten glass from above in a mould with the cover of the mould, in a mould defined by said cover, by a shaping mould (11) and by a mouth mould (13) disposed under the shaping mould. When the glass lid is formed its handle projects downwards and lies in the mouth mould. SUbsequently the glass lid is transferred together with the mouth mould to the finishing mould (12) and is at the same time returned into a position in which the handle projects upwards in the finishing mould in which it is cooled supported by the finishing mould.
Abstract: A single mold and plunger set is programmed to form a parison within each of a plurality of neck rings which are continuously successively presented along a linear path. The mold, which is positioned below the linear path of said continuously successively presented neck rings, receives a charge of molten glass and accelerates in a direction parallel to said linear path to a speed commensurate with that of the continuously presented neck rings, and upon tracking with a particular neck ring, such mold moves vertically into engagement with a bottom portion thereof. Simultaneously, the plunger, which is positioned above said linear path, accelerates in a direction parallel with the movement of said continuously presented neck rings to a speed commensurate therewith, and upon tracking said particular neck ring moves vertically into engagement with an upper portion thereof so as to press form the charge of molten glass deposited within the mold into a shape determined by the shape of the parison mold and plunger.
Abstract: Apparatus for manufacturing glass objects includes a pressing operation after a rough shaping operation in a blank mold comprising two separable chill-mold halves and tongs forming the base of the mold. Two spades move toward and away from the mold position without movement of the tongs.
Abstract: In the production of a glass vessel (such as a goblet) comprising a receptacle part (e.g. a goblet bowl) and a stand part (e.g. a stem with a base plate), the receptacle part is formed by pressing in successive moulds carried by a rotary table and the stand part is formed by injection moulding, being simultaneously united to the receptacle part. In carrying the invention into effect the mould for the receptacle part is charged from a feeder in free drop fall; the table is then rotated to bring the pressed receptacle part into register with an injection mould for the stand part, and an injection device, of which the injection mould forms part, is charged from the same feeder by way of a drop guide channel.
April 9, 1979
Date of Patent:
September 30, 1980
H. Putsch GmbH & Company
Hans-Joachim Bittner, Heribert Scherer, Hans Hanses
Abstract: A glassware forming machine comprises a carriage, a blank station at which parisons are formed in upwardly open parison moulds from gobs of molten glass, and a further station, the carriage being reciprocable in a straight line between the blank station and the further station in order to transfer parisons from the blank station to the further station. The carriage has a neck ring mould comprising neck ring parts and a guide ring which defines the sealing surface of the finish of each parison. The guide ring is biased upwardly by spring-loaded members which raise the guide ring when the carriage is at the further station in order that the guide ring should clear the released parisons on return movement of the carriage to the blank station.
Abstract: A process of forming molded bodies is provided in which precisely formed surfaces thereof have a precise interval therebetween. Such bodies are formed in a mold in which a first set of forming dies engage an interposed plastic mass of glass or the like, whereafter at least one auxiliary forming die enters the mold to engage and form the yet plastic mass. The first set of forming dies define critical surfaces and have a fixed interval therebetween following engagement with the plastic mass. The auxiliary die defines a non-critical surface on the body to be formed in the mold and enters the mold a distance determined by the mass of the plastic body.In a modified process of manufacture, the mold has an offset portion and is movable relative to the first forming dies whereby the mold cavity in which the plastic mass is disposed is reduced in volume and the desired body is formed having critical surfaces formed by the first forming dies.