Abstract: An entangled quantum state receiver includes an optical detector that generates an electrical signal having a signal characteristic in response to detection of a single photon. A first electrical circuit generates an electrical signal having a predetermined duration at an output when the signal characteristic is present. A clock generates a clock with a period, wherein the predetermined duration is greater than the period. A second electrical circuit generates and stores a state or a time in a memory location, where the state has a first state value when the electrical signal having the predetermined duration is present during a clock cycle and has a second state value when the electrical signal having the predetermined duration is not present during the clock cycle. A processor determines received entangled state information from the state value stored in the memory location or from time stored in the memory location.