Convective Distillation With Normally Gaseous Medium, E.g., Air Patents (Class 203/49)
  • Patent number: 9199926
    Abstract: A process for the direct synthesis of urea from ammonia and carbon dioxide with increased corrosion resistance, comprising, in the high-pressure synthesis section, a reaction step in a vertical reactor fed with at least one stream of fresh carbon dioxide containing a passivating agent and a decomposition-stripping step of the non-converted reagents, wherein the gas-liquid mixture collected at the head of the reactor is separated into a gaseous stream and a liquid stream fed to the tail and head of the stripper, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: SAIPEM S.p.A.
    Inventors: Lino Carlessi, Alessandro Gianazza
  • Publication number: 20150047967
    Abstract: Apparatus, methods, and systems for separating a fluid mixture are provided which employ gas-handling equipment operable to introduce a gas into the liquid mixture prior to being dispersed within the apparatus, vacuum conditions, and internal condensing. The liquid mixture is dispersed within the separation apparatus as micro-sized droplets. A more volatile portion of the liquid mixture is vaporized when exposed to the vacuum conditions and separates from the non-vaporized liquid portion. The vaporized portion is directed to a condensing structure within the apparatus, which condenses the vaporized portion into a liquid product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Sam J. Burton, Dick Burton
  • Publication number: 20140158520
    Abstract: Process and apparatus for the separation of the components having different boiling points of a liquid mixture, characterized in that forming bubbles by a carrier gas in the liquid mixture where the one or more volatile component is getting enriched in the bubbles, then after said bubbles leave the liquid phase the released vapor content of them is collected and condensed and the obtained liquid being enriched in the more volatile component(s) is separated from the carrier gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventor: Gábor Somlyai
  • Publication number: 20140158519
    Abstract: A structured packing formed of a plurality of corrugated, rectangular sheets and a method relating to the use thereof. End regions of the corrugations are provided with straight, parallel corrugations extending inwardly from opposed edges of the sheets and a right angles thereto to reduce pressure drop at the interfaces between packing layers and thereby increase hydraulic capacity. Contact is promoted between descending liquid and ascending vapor phases within a main region of the corrugations that have straight, parallel sections of the corrugations oriented at an acute angle to the opposed edges. Transition regions having arcuate sections of the corrugations connect corrugations within the main and end regions to reduce internal pressure drop within the structured packing and thereby further reduce pressure drop at the interfaces and further increase the hydraulic capacity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventors: Guang X. Chen, Kirk Frederick Larson
  • Publication number: 20140144768
    Abstract: A separations tray assembly for use in a fluid-fluid exchange column. The separations tray assembly is of the type where a first fluid, in a continuous phase, is directed across successive trays in a serpentine flow path. A second fluid, in a dispersed phase ascends through apertures in the tray thus inducing interaction and mass transfer with the first fluid. In accordance with one aspect of the present invention, the separations tray further includes a diffuser skirt, having apertures disposed therein, operatively coupled to a fluid channel. The diffuser skirt is operable to direct the first fluid to cover substantially an entire volumetric cross-flow window between successive separations trays and to induce stirring and mixing of the first fluid and the second fluid to effect efficient mass transfer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: GTC Technology US, LLC
    Inventors: Ian G. Buttridge, David Lin, Casey F. Bowles, SooWoong Kim, Michael J. Binkley
  • Patent number: 8715461
    Abstract: A system and method for preparation of meat flavorants, and flavorants, having increased flavor and aromatic intensity and which more closely resemble the natural flavor and aroma of cooked meat. Preheated edible, food grade oils and fats are exposed to temperatures between 290° C. and 475° C. under vacuum, in the presence of oxygen. The developing flavor vapors are immediately and completely removed from the heated oils and fats. The mixture of air-purge/flavor-vapor is immediately carried away from the heat transfer surface of the edible oil or fat. An evaporator, preferably a spinning disc, spinning band or thin film evaporator, without a condenser is used as process equipment. The air-purged flavor-vapors are diffused and absorbed in an absorption device into suitable food-grade liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Activ International, Inc.
    Inventors: Jurgen D. Scheide, John M. Stefanicha
  • Patent number: 8691056
    Abstract: A system and method for separating a fluid mixture is provided which employ vacuum distillation apparatus, and optionally, gas-handling apparatus operable to introduce a gas into the liquid mixture prior to being dispersed within the vacuum distillation apparatus. The liquid mixture is dispersed within the vacuum distillation apparatus as micro-sized droplets. When used, the gas that has been introduced into the liquid mixture is rapidly liberated from the micro-sized droplets thereby causing the droplets to break into still smaller droplets thereby maximizing the vaporization of the more volatile components in the liquid mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Distillation Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Sam J. Burton, Dick Burton
  • Publication number: 20140014493
    Abstract: Mass transfer packing with a minimal surface or a triply periodic minimal surface which enables significantly improved performance for separation and mixing applications particularly with respect to distillation, liquid-liquid contacting, and heat exchange applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Inventor: Robert C. Ryan
  • Patent number: 8603300
    Abstract: A method for fractionating a fuel includes heating the fuel and flowing it through hollow superhydrophobic membranes in a membrane module. Vapor from the fuel permeates the hydrophobic membranes and enters a distillate collection chamber, producing distilled fuel and residual fuel. The residual fuel is removed from the module and cooled. The cooled residual fuel is flowed through hollow tubes in the module and the distilled fuel is removed from the distillate collection chamber. Burning the distilled fuel reduces engine emissions. A fuel fractionation system includes a distillate collection chamber, hollow superhydrophobic membranes, hollow tubes and a distillate outlet. The hollow superhydrophobic membranes receive heated fuel and allow vapor from the heated fuel to permeate the membranes and enter the distillate collection chamber. The hollow tubes receive cooled residual fuel and are positioned to allow vapor in the distillate collection chamber to condense on outer surfaces of the hollow tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Zidu Ma, Joseph J. Sangiovanni, Zissis A. Dardas, Meredith B. Colket, III
  • Patent number: 8574406
    Abstract: A fermentation liquid feed including water and a product alcohol and optionally CO2 is at least partially vaporized such that a vapor stream is produced. The vapor stream is contacted with an absorption liquid under suitable conditions wherein an amount of the product alcohol is absorbed. The portion of the vapor stream that is absorbed can include an amount of each of the water, the product alcohol and optionally the CO2. The temperature at the onset of the absorption of the vapor stream into the absorption liquid can be greater than the temperature at the onset of condensation of the vapor stream in the absence of the absorption liquid. The product alcohol can be separated from the absorption liquid whereby the absorption liquid is regenerated. The absorption liquid can include a water soluble organic molecule such as an amine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Butamax Advanced Biofuels LLC
    Inventors: Michael Charles Grady, William D. Parten, Robert W. Sylvester, Joseph J. Zaher
  • Publication number: 20130211030
    Abstract: The present invention relates to water and solvent-free polymers, in particular water and solvent-free synthetic rubber products like styrene butadiene rubber products and butadiene rubber products as well as a process for the production thereof. The invention further relates to a device suitable to accomplish said process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: LANXESS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Paul Wagner, Hanns-Ingolf Paul, Rolf Feller, Wolfgang Krumbe, Alicia Le-Sattler, Heike Kloppenburg, Martin Siebuerger, John Lovegrove
  • Publication number: 20130153401
    Abstract: A process for purifying a brine of organic compounds comprising: (a) supplying a brine that comprises at least one organic compound; (b) feeding at least one stripping zone with the brine from (a) and at least one stripping agent; (c) withdrawing from the stripping zone at least one fraction (I) consisting essentially of brine, the content of the organic compound being lower in fraction (I) than in the brine from step (a), and at least one fraction (II) consisting essentially of the stripping agent; wherein the temperature (T1) of the hotter fraction of the two fractions (I) and (II) and the temperature (T2) of the colder fraction of the two fractions (I) and (II), such temperatures expressed in degrees Celsius being the temperatures measured before any possible thermal conditioning which might be carried out before and/or during their withdrawal from the stripping zone, correspond to the following formula: 6×10?7(T1)3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: SOLVAY SA
    Inventors: Patrick Gilbeau, Philippe Krafft, Jerome Ligot, Valentine Smets, Giancarlo Iavarone
  • Patent number: 8460509
    Abstract: A fluid evaporation system includes a housing bounding a fluid reservoir and an air flow path that is disposed over top of the fluid reservoir. The housing has an inlet opening and a spaced apart outlet opening that both provide communication between the outside environment and the air flow path. A fan is positioned to draw the air out of the air flow path through the outlet opening. A baffle projects into the air flow path at a location between inlet opening and the outlet opening so as to constrict the area of the air flow path thereat. A plurality of spray nozzles are positioned within air flow path between the baffle and the first end of the housing. A pump is configured to draw fluid from the reservoir and deliver it to the plurality of spray nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Total Water Management, LLC
    Inventors: Janos I. Lakatos, Edward Clay Slade, Clayton R. Carter
  • Patent number: 8444829
    Abstract: Improved methods for carrier-gas humidification/dehumidification [HDH] or dewvaporization enable production of clean water, derived in part from models generated and tested with produced water from the oil and gas industries, which likewise address industrial waste water remediation and generally facilitate the time and cost efficient disposal of waste waters from a plurality of industries ranging from food, wine, and beverage production to novel enhanced efficiencies within the oil and gas industries themselves. High efficiency carrier gas HDH thermal distillation functions without membranes, at ambient or near ambient pressures with no required pre- or post-treatment, and economies of scale to leverage a plastics-based processing platform. Industrial waste water including that generated by the food, wine, and beverage industries, among others, is likewise ameliorated according to the instant teachings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Altela, Inc.
    Inventors: Ned Allen Godshall, Matthew Jason Bruff
  • Patent number: 8430993
    Abstract: A fluid evaporation system includes a housing bounding a fluid reservoir and an air flow path that is disposed over top of the fluid reservoir. The housing has an inlet opening and a spaced apart outlet opening that both provide communication between the outside environment and the air flow path. A fan is positioned to draw the air out of the air flow path through the outlet opening. A baffle projects into the air flow path at a location between inlet opening and the outlet opening so as to constrict the area of the air flow path thereat. A plurality of spray nozzles are positioned within air flow path between the baffle and the first end of the housing. A pump is configured to draw fluid from the reservoir and deliver it to the plurality of spray nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: Total Water Management, LLC
    Inventors: Janos I. Lakatos, Edward Clay Slade, Clayton R. Carter
  • Patent number: 8377257
    Abstract: A total evaporator for fluids, including a cold chamber to prevent pre-evaporation, an evaporation region connected thereto having narrow flow cross-section for fast evaporation of the fluid, and a subsequent vapor chamber for pulsation damping and the controlled superheating of the vapor, the evaporation region being formed by a gap between concentrically nested cylindrical and/or conical tube sections and heat required for the evaporation and superheating processes is supplied by electric heating and/or by hot fluid and/or by catalytic or homogeneous combustion via the wall of the concentric tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Universitat Stuttgart
    Inventors: Gerhart Eigenberger, Andreas Freund, Grigorios Kolios, Clemens Merten, Jens Bernnat, Gudrun Friedrich
  • Patent number: 8361280
    Abstract: A process is proposed for distillatively obtaining pure 1,3-butadiene from crude 1,3-butadiene in a plant comprising one or more distillation columns, comprising supply of a feed stream of crude 1,3-butadiene to the one distillation column or the first of the plurality of distillation columns, the one distillation column or the plurality of distillation columns having a flange with an internal diameter of ?80 mm, comprising two mutually opposite plane-parallel surfaces (1) with an intermediate seal (2) which seals the interior of the one distillation column or of the first of the plurality of distillation columns from an intermediate space (3) on the atmosphere side between the two mutually opposite plane-parallel surfaces (1), and the intermediate space (3) on the atmosphere side between the two mutually opposite plane-parallel surfaces (1) being closed off from the atmosphere to form a chamber, wherein the chamber is purged continuously during the operation of the plant with a low-oxygen gas or a low-oxygen
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Uwe Stabel, Harry Zachmann, Eberhardt Gaffron, Bernd Heida, Michael Jäger
  • Patent number: 8361281
    Abstract: There is disclosed a desalinization apparatus, and methods related to desalinization. In an embodiment, a desalinization apparatus includes at least one port for receiving airflow therethrough, at least one port for receiving salt water therethrough, at least one output for providing outflow of pure water vapor, and at least one output for proving outflow of a mixture of water, salt and air; and a plurality of chambers for evaporating the salt water into the airflow, at least one of the chambers forming a plurality of ports arranged in a plurality of rows. In an embodiment, a method includes providing airflow to a desalinization apparatus; providing salt water to the desalinization apparatus; forming a vortex in the airflow to evaporate water vapor from the salt water; and providing the water vapor in the airflow to a condenser so as to obtain pure water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: LyteSyde, LLC
    Inventors: Kelly P. Rock, Bruce E. Nadeau, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8343316
    Abstract: A vacuum dehydrator for processing an oil containing entrained contaminants such as water, air, and particulates comprises a tower enclosing upper and lower chambers. A random packing is contained in the upper chamber. The oil is preheated to a temperature above the boiling point of water and is introduced into the upper chamber for downward flow through the random packing into the lower chamber. Entrained air and water is retained as water vapor in the upper chamber, and particulates are retained in the random packing. Heated ambient air is introduced into the lower chamber for upward flow through the random packing into the upper chamber, and the upper chamber is cooled to condense the water vapor. Oil and condensed water are pumped respectively from the lower and upper chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Industry, Inc.
    Inventors: Mortimer Daniel Williams, John G. Donnelly, Eric M. Laliberte, J. Rafael Lazo, Juan Alejandro Segrelles Sacristan, Anselmo Garcia Gracia
  • Patent number: 8317982
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a process and apparatus for utilization of waste heat of flue gas liberated from different heat sources to provide high quality water from sea/brackish.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Inventor: Subrahmanyam Kumar
  • Publication number: 20120175241
    Abstract: A system for desorption of CO2 from an absorption fluid includes a cylinder with an open inner core, a reboiler including a stripper unit arranged between the inner core and the circumference of the cylinder, where the reboiler including the stripper unit is rotatable arranged around an axis through the core, where the system further includes a condenser rotatable arranged in proximity of the cylinder and rotatable around the same axis, where all the parts of the system are symmetrically arranged around the rotational axis through the core, and where all the fluid paths through the rotational parts of the system are arranged to provide symmetry and weight balance when the system is operational. A method for desorbing CO2 is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2010
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: STATOIL PETROLEUM AS
    Inventors: Asbjørn Strand, Torbjørn Fiveland, Dag Arne Eimer
  • Publication number: 20120111717
    Abstract: A liquid collection and distribution device is provided to support a bed of packing material and to collect liquid exiting the bed and redistribute it to an underlying bed of packing material with improved compositional and volumetric flow uniformity. The liquid collection and distribution device includes a liquid collector, a liquid distributor, and a lattice-type framework positioned between and supporting the liquid collector and the liquid distributor. In addition to supporting the liquid collector and liquid distributor, the framework has internal fluid passages that convey the liquid from the liquid collector to the liquid distributor while shielding the liquid from ascend vapor or gas flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2011
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: Koch-Glitsch, LP
    Inventors: Darran Matthew Headley, David Ray Ewy
  • Patent number: 8137504
    Abstract: A system and method for preparation of meat flavorants, and flavorants, having increased flavor and aromatic intensity and which more closely resemble the natural flavor and aroma of cooked meat. Preheated edible, food grade oils and fats are exposed to temperatures between 290° C. and 475° C. under vacuum, in the presence of oxygen. The developing flavor vapors are immediately and completely removed from the heated oils and fats. The mixture of air-purge/flavor-vapor is immediately carried away from the heat transfer surface of the edible oil or fat. An evaporator, preferably a spinning disc, spinning band or thin film evaporator, without a condenser is used as process equipment. The air-purged flavor-vapors are diffused and absorbed in an absorption device into suitable food-grade liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Flavor & Food Ingredients, Inc.
    Inventors: Jurgen D. Scheide, John M. Stefanicha
  • Publication number: 20120055337
    Abstract: The gas-liquid contact column comprises at least an upper tray 10 and a lower tray 10, as well as a downcomer 2 for sending the liquid from the upper tray to the lower tray. The trays comprise gas ports. A packing 11 is arranged between the upper tray and the lower tray. The upper tray comprises means 12 for withdrawing liquid from the upper tray, the liquid withdrawn being distributed over the packing. The gas-liquid contact column is particularly well suited for absorption of the CO2 and of the H2S contained in a natural gas or in a syngas, and for capture of the CO2 contained in combustion fumes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Inventors: Bénédicte Chommeloux, Viep Hoang Dinh, Ludovic Raynal
  • Publication number: 20120035398
    Abstract: A fermentation liquid feed including water and a product alcohol and optionally CO2 is at least partially vaporized such that a vapor stream is produced. The vapor stream is contacted with an absorption liquid under suitable conditions wherein an amount of the product alcohol is absorbed. The portion of the vapor stream that is absorbed can include an amount of each of the water, the product alcohol and optionally the CO2. The temperature at the onset of the absorption of the vapor stream into the absorption liquid can be greater than the temperature at the onset of condensation of the vapor stream in the absence of the absorption liquid. The product alcohol can be separated from the absorption liquid whereby the absorption liquid is regenerated. The absorption liquid can include a water soluble organic molecule such as an amine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Publication date: February 9, 2012
    Applicant: BUTAMAX(TM) ADVANCED BIOFUELS LLC
    Inventors: Michael Charles Grady, William D. Parten, Robert W. Sylvester, Joseph J. Zaher
  • Patent number: 8092646
    Abstract: A vaporization apparatus and related vaporization method is provided that relies on thermocapillary convection. The apparatus of a thermocapillary evaporator has three sections: an evaporation section, a displacement section, and a storage system for storing the liquid to be evaporated. The evaporation section is operable to distribute thermal energy substantially along the entire liquid-gas interface. The method of the present invention includes providing a thermocapillary evaporator. Advantageously, the present invention provides substantial evaporation from relatively low temperature heat sources, compared to conventional evaporators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Inventor: Ward Charles Albert
  • Patent number: 8052847
    Abstract: A system and method for removing water from a liquid desiccant such as a glycol used to dry cooled air in order to restore the desiccant to a purity up to around 97% in a closed continuous flow process. Liquid desiccant can be sprayed into cooled air in a conditioner where it gains moisture. The wet or gained desiccant can be optionally preheated in an economizing heat exchanger and then routed into a concentrator. Desiccant pure to around 97% can be removed from the concentrator, passed through an economizing heat exchanger to provide the preheating and returned to the conditioner holding area. The concentrator can be heated by steam or other means such as natural gas to boil the wet desiccant causing mixed vapor to enter a vertical distillation column where most of the glycol condenses out on the column packing or plates and returns to the concentrator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: Niagara Blower Company
    Inventors: Matthew Koban, Phillip Rowland, Michael Harvey, Peter Demakos
  • Publication number: 20110240458
    Abstract: Stripping column and process for extracting a component from a liquid medium using a gas, the stripping column comprising a vertical column (10) comprising an essentially cylindrical wall (54), the vertical column (10) being divided by horizontal perforated plates (20) into a series of superposed chambers (11, 12, . . . , 16, 17), each chamber (11, 12, . . . , 16, 17) comprising several vertical partitions (34, 34I, 34II, 34III, 34IV, 34V) positioned so as to form chicanes. According to one important aspect of the invention, the vertical partitions (34, 34I, 34II, 34III, 34IV, 34V) are attached to the wall (54) of the vertical column (10) and are designed so as to hold the perforated plates (20).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2009
    Publication date: October 6, 2011
    Applicant: SOLVAY SA
    Inventors: Thierry Cartage, Andrea Salto, Pedro Ribeiro
  • Patent number: 7988819
    Abstract: A system and method for preparation of meat flavorants, and flavorants, having increased flavor and aromatic intensity and which more closely resemble the natural flavor and aroma of cooked meat. Preheated edible, food grade oils and fats are exposed to temperatures between 290° C. and 475° C. under vacuum, in the presence of oxygen. The developing flavor vapors are immediately and completely removed from the heated oils and fats. The mixture of air-purge/flavor-vapor is immediately carried away from the heat transfer surface of the edible oil or fat. An evaporator, preferably a spinning disc, spinning band or thin film evaporator, without a condenser is used as process equipment. The air-purged flavor-vapors are diffused and absorbed in an absorption device into suitable food-grade liquids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Flavor & Food Ingredients, Inc.
    Inventors: Jurgen D. Scheide, John M. Stefanicha
  • Patent number: 7959766
    Abstract: Process for recovering cyclododecatriene (CDT) from a solution containing CDT and high boilers such as deactivated catalyst and polymers, which includes feeding the solution into a preheater and heating it, subsequently depressurizing it through a downstream pressure maintenance device and feeding the resulting two-phase mixture into a helical tube evaporator and there reducing the CDT content of the liquid phase by partial evaporation and discharging a gaseous product stream having an increased concentration of CDT.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Bernd Rumpf, Ortmund Lang, Andrea Haunert, Thomas Genger, Anton Meier
  • Publication number: 20110132742
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of manufacturing charcoal. It is characterized in that: first hot gases are generated by at least one heating means; its first gases are mixed with second gases in order to form a gas mixture; this mixture is sent into a charge of wood in order to generate therein a pyrolysis front; an overpressure is created between the upstream end and the downstream end of the charge so as to force this front to pass through it in one direction, namely from the upstream end to the downstream end; and third gases are recovered downstream of the charge, at least a first portion of said third gases, in the form of a stream of said second gases, is conveyed by a conveying means. The invention also relates to a device for implementing this method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2009
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Applicant: CARBONEX SOCIETE A RESPONSABILITE LIMTEE
    Inventors: Arnaud Loiseau, Philippe Soler-My, Pierre Soler-My
  • Publication number: 20110108409
    Abstract: The present invention is for the production of fuel grade alcohol, specifically ethanol. A steam dryer is used to dry the solid byproduct into usable animal feed. The steam dryer typically contains less than 6% air in its exhaust stream is directed to the bottoms of one or more distillation columns to heat the distillation column and scrub the exhaust stream simultaneously. The elimination of a thermal oxidizer and the efficient use of the energy in the exhaust stream provide considerable cost savings for an alcohol production plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2009
    Publication date: May 12, 2011
    Inventor: Christopher J. Brown
  • Patent number: 7931782
    Abstract: A method of recovering a liquid medium from a mixture containing the liquid medium, the method including: (a) blowing a first gas into the mixture containing the liquid medium to vaporize the liquid medium, in a first vaporizing means, thereby to form a second gas containing which is a mixture of the first gas and vaporized liquid medium; (b) continuously dropwise feeding the mixture containing the liquid medium into a second vaporizing means and counter-flowingly contacting the mixture containing the liquid medium, with the second gas to vaporize additional liquid medium to form a third gas which is a mixture of the second gas and additional vaporized liquid medium; and (c) feeding the third gas into a condensing means to condense the vaporized liquid medium into a liquid and separate the first gas, which is then blown into the first vaporizing means in step (a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: The Institute of Creative Chemistry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sigeru Torii, Kouichi Miki
  • Patent number: 7922872
    Abstract: A distillation apparatus of the present invention includes a distillation column group in which a plurality of distillation columns including a condenser and a reboiler is connected in the form of a cascade; a gas-feeding line which feeds gas from the distillation column to a latter distillation column; a gas line which introduces the gas from the distillation column to the condenser attached to the distillation column; a liquid-line which withdraws a condensed liquid from the condenser; a liquid-reflux line which introduces a part of the condensed liquid from the liquid-line to the distillation column; a liquid-return line which returns the remainder of the condensed liquid from the liquid-line to a former distillation column; a valve provided on the liquid-return line; and a bypass line which connects the liquid-return line and the gas line so as to flow an evaporated gas generated in the liquid-return line to the gas line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2011
    Assignee: Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation
    Inventors: Hitoshi Kihara, Takashi Kambe
  • Publication number: 20110073461
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method for removing an alcohol from a liquid mixture having high viscosity by the gravity or the centrifugal force and a gas, and the apparatus thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2009
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Applicant: National Taiwan University
    Inventors: Chia-Ying Chiang, Yu-Shao Chen, Hwai-Shen Liu, Clifford Yi-Der Tai
  • Publication number: 20110056823
    Abstract: The present invention provides apparatus and methods for extracting active ingredients from a raw material. The apparatus comprises an atomized water particle production device; an extracting device for bringing a raw material into contact with the atomized water particles so that the atomized water particles trap active ingredients in the raw material; a condensing device for liquefying the atomized water particles that hold the active ingredients; and means for promoting extraction of the raw material. The means for promoting extraction may comprise decompression means for subjecting the raw material within the extracting device to decompression and activation means for activating the raw material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2009
    Publication date: March 10, 2011
    Inventor: Henry Aoki
  • Patent number: 7897019
    Abstract: Systems and methods for desalting seawater by distillation are disclosed. Warm air is fed into the bottom of a natural draft tower. The warm air passes through seawater in an exchange means to increase the water content of the air. The moisture-laden air then rises and is drawn through a condensing means. The condensing means is cooled by cold water drawn from deep ocean depths. Desalted seawater is collected from the condensing means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Inventor: Alan Dayton Akers
  • Patent number: 7866176
    Abstract: An autonomous water source for extracting water from ambient air and delivering it to a plant to support growth. The system is based on an adsorption-desorption-condensation cycle using a sorption material to extract moisture from ambient air and condensing the water vapor driven off from the sorption material by subsequent heating and followed by condensation. Liquid condensate produced in this process on the condenser is collected and delivered by gravity to a plant to reduce thermal stress and to support growth. The invention provides a sustainable source of irrigation water for agriculture and forestry, including areas where no water resources exist or are not economically viable. It can be tailored in size, and therefore, output capacity, reflecting the desired water requirements of a particular application, and can be used to replace most agricultural situations now reliant on surface water drip feed systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Aqwest LLC
    Inventors: Jan Vetrovec, Katerina Vetrovec
  • Publication number: 20100247429
    Abstract: Provided is a microchip capable of integrating liquid evaporation as an operation on the microchip. In the microchip 10 having a gas flow path 13 inside, liquid is dispersed by capillary action and pooled in a pool portion 12 at a bottom of the gas flow path 13, and at least a part of the liquid pooled in the pool portion 12 is evaporated. As the capillary action is used, the liquid can be dispersed and pooled in the pool portion 12 at the bottom of the gas flow path 13 inside the microchip 10. Besides, the liquid pooled in the pool portion 12 remains in the pool portion by a surface tension even if gas is made to flow in the gas flow path 13 or the gas flow path is evacuated for evaporation. This enables highly efficient evaporation inside the microchip 10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2008
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicants: JFE ENGINEERING CORPORATION, KANAGAWA ACADEMY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Ohsaki, Shigeki Yamazaki, Takehiko Kitamori, Masaharu Ueno, Kazuma Mawatari, Yoshikuni Kikutani
  • Publication number: 20090321243
    Abstract: Ventilation Air Methane (VAM) exhaust gases from coal pre-mine gob wells, land fills and oil refinery (Installations) vent stacks are used, after adequate compression, for energizing a high-speed gas turbine. The convoluting gas discharge causes a first separation stage by stratifying of heavier non-combustible and lighter combustible gas components that exit from the turbine in opposite directions, the heavier components having a second stratifying separation in a vortex tube to separate non-combustible, heaviest pollutants from non-combustible medium-heavy components. The noncombustible, medium components exit a vortex tube open end to atmosphere. The lighter combustible, pollutants (high purity Methane) effected in the first separation are piped to the Installation's engine air intake for re-combustion, thereby reducing the Installation's Methane pollution and improving its fuel economy. The non-combustible, heaviest pollutants from the second separation stage are piped to air filter assemblies.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2009
    Publication date: December 31, 2009
    Inventor: Ranendra BOSE
  • Publication number: 20090166175
    Abstract: Systems and methods for improving dense gas solvent extraction of a solute and recovery of the solvent are provided. A pressure of the solvent/solute mixture obtained from an extraction chamber is increased, e.g. with a pump, thereby providing the mixture above saturation conditions. The increased pressure provides greater solubility of the solute and less solvent being vaporized in a heat exchanger. A buildup of solute in the system is reduced, thus improving system longevity. Also, process conditions of the separation process are isolated from those of the extraction process. Accordingly, the process conditions for the separating process are maintained while the process conditions of the extraction chamber vary with ambient temperature, thus saving cost and energy. This isolation also provides an ability to use, in the gas recovery cycle, a heat pump that can be used for many applications and environmental conditions while still using a conventional refrigerant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2008
    Publication date: July 2, 2009
    Applicant: ACCUDYNE SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventors: Brian J. Waibel, David J. Lawrence, Michael Case
  • Publication number: 20090139852
    Abstract: A process and an apparatus for the separation of a feed by distillation into a low-boiler (A), a medium-boiler (B) and a high-boiler fraction (C). Separation takes place in one or more dividing-wall columns, in which a dividing wall is arranged in the longitudinal direction of the column to thereby form an upper, common column region, a lower, common column region, a feed part with rectifying section and stripping section, and a withdrawal region with rectifying section and stripping section. The feed of the C5+ cut is in the central region of the feed part. The high-boiler fraction (C) is discharged from the bottom of the column, the low-boiler fraction (A) is discharged via the top of the column, and the medium-boiler fraction (B) is discharged from the central region of the withdrawal part. A first heat source is provided for heating the lower column region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2007
    Publication date: June 4, 2009
    Inventors: Marco L. VanNuland, Joseph M. Cheben, Ronald L. DeMartino, John R. Porter
  • Patent number: 7527711
    Abstract: A continuous supply of fresh water achieved through desalinization by a system of Venturi shafts to increase the velocity and pressure of air flow allowing for increased condensation and processing of evaporated water through a structure (1) that incorporates a blackened evaporation surface (16), concave Venturi wind walls (50), a vertical Venturi wind shaft (10), condensation chambers (5) connected by horizontally stacked hollow cylinders (61), a heat transfer duct (40) that draws cool air from a water body, vents hot air through an air exhaust port (48), and a water drainage port (35) that flows water to a reservoir (36).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Assignee: Desal, LLC
    Inventor: Jeffrey Ciudaj
  • Patent number: 7504005
    Abstract: A condensing chamber and a heating chamber are arranged in an enclosure. Liquid is fed into the condensing chamber where it is pre-heated. The pre-heated liquid flows to the heating chamber where it is boiled to produce vapor. Gas sparging in the condensing chamber enhances heat transfer and absorbs additional vapor generated by pre-heating. The condenser is a helical or other horizontal tube heat exchanger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Inventors: Naisin Lee, Stephen F. Sporer
  • Patent number: 7501046
    Abstract: An evaporation sleeve is placed within a solar distillation loop apparatus to increase the amount of water evaporated by the apparatus. The evaporation sleeve is rotationally attached within the above ground portion of the solar distillation loop so the sleeve lifts impure water into the air flow within the system. The evaporation sleeve significantly increases the water surface area available to the air flow within a solar distillation loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2009
    Assignee: The United States of American, as represented by the Secretary of the Interior
    Inventor: James Edward Constantz
  • Patent number: 7485208
    Abstract: Process for working up a bottom stream wherein high boilers and ionic liquid from an extractive rectification in which the ionic liquid is used as entrainer. The process includes feeding the bottom stream to an evaporation stage which is operated at a pressure of less than 500 mbar or to a stripper which is operated through use of inert gas or steam, and the major part of the high boiler present is separated off in vapor form from the ionic liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2009
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschart
    Inventors: York Alexander Beste, Hartmut Schoenmakers, Wolfgang Arlt, Matthias Seiler, Carsten Jork
  • Patent number: 7465376
    Abstract: The invention provides for the removal of impurities from treatment fluid including a base liquid and a variety of impurities contained in the base liquid by conveying the treatment fluid to at least one preheating separating device, including a preheating heat exchanger and a separator unit, before the admixture of a carrier gas to the treatment fluid. The treatment fluid is preheated by the preheating heat exchanger to a temperature below the boiling temperature of a base liquid so that the liquid impurities with lower boiling temperatures than the base liquid are evaporated and expelled thermally, whereby the evaporated and expelled impurities are separated in the separator unit of the preheating separator device. The treatment fluid is then evaporated and separated from impurities having a higher boiling point than the base liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2008
    Inventors: Joachim Neubert, Karl-Ferdinand Staab
  • Patent number: 7462263
    Abstract: A process for dewatering hydrocyanic acid by distillation, which includes distilling crude hydrocyanic acid containing from 50 to 99.9% by weight of HCN, from 0.1 to 40% by weight of water, from 0 to 15% by weight of carbon oxides and optionally from 0.01 to 1% by weight of an involatile stabilizer, at a pressure of from 1 bar to 2.5 bar, a bottom temperature of from 100° C. to 130° C. and a top temperature of from 25° C. to 54° C., in the absence of a volatile stabilizer, in a distillation column to obtain a top draw stream containing purified, anhydrous hydrocyanic acid and carbon oxides and a bottom draw stream including water and, optionally, the involatile stabilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2008
    Inventors: Michael Bartsch, Robert Baumann, Gerd Haderlein, Miquel Angel Flores, Tim Jungkamp, Hermann Luyken, Jens Scheidel, Wolfgang Siegel, Dagmar Pascale Kunsmann-Keitel, Peter Bassler
  • Patent number: 7435318
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for separating close-boiling, homo- and heteroazeotropic mixtures by using ionic liquids. Due to the selectivity and unusual combination of properties of the ionic liquids the process is superior to conventional extractive rectification from the point of view of costs and energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wolfgang Arlt, Matthias Seiler, Carsten Jork, Thomas Schneider
  • Patent number: 7431805
    Abstract: A method, system, and apparatuses for simultaneous heat and mass transfer utilizing a carrier-gas at various absolute pressures are described. A method may include: thermally coupling at least two continuous contacting apparatuses together; varying the pressure between the at least two continuous contacting apparatuses; allowing heat removed from the first continuous contacting apparatus to be the heat delivered to the second continuous contacting apparatus. A system may include: at least two continuous contacting apparatuses thermally coupled together and operating at different absolute pressures. A continuous contacting apparatus may include: an evaporation chamber and a dew-formation chamber both operating at an absolute pressure in a vacuum range. A continuous contacting vapor recompression apparatus may include: an evaporation chamber operating at a first absolute pressure; and a dew-formation chamber operating at a second absolute pressure higher than the first absolute pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Assignee: Arizona Board of Regents
    Inventor: James R. Beckman