Developing Latent Image Using Radiant Energy Or Heat Patents (Class 430/336)
  • Patent number: 9738657
    Abstract: The invention relates to compounds of general formula (I) wherein X is C?O or SO2, M is NR2 or O, and Q1 and Q2 are nitroxide-containing radicals, and their use as a Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) agent for polarizing an NMR-active spin of a nucleus of an analyte in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Inventors: Claire Sauvee, Gilles Casano, Olivier Ouari, Paul Tordo, Fabien Aussenac, Melanie Rosay
  • Patent number: 8663902
    Abstract: A method of forming an image on a substrate, which comprises applying to the substrate an activatable color forming compound wherein said activatable color forming compound is initially unreactive but becomes reactive upon activation; activating said color forming compound in the areas of the substrate where the image is to be formed, and, reacting the activated color forming compound into its colored form to produce an image. A substrate imaged using this method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Datalase Ltd
    Inventors: Anthony Jarvis, Martin Walker, Christopher Wyres, Tristan Phillips
  • Patent number: 8330161
    Abstract: Disclosed is an electrophotographic photoreceptor which comprises a base material and a photoconductive layer. The photoconductive layer is formed on the base material, and comprises a non-single-crystal material mainly composed of silicon. In the photoconductive layer, with regard to a characteristic energy E (eV) which has the relationship with a light absorption coefficient ?(cm?1) represented by the following formula (1), the characteristic energy E1 (eV) for an exposure wavelength in larger than the characteristic energy E2 (eV) for a neutralization wavelength. [Formula (1) a=C exp(h?/E) C: a constant h?: a photon energy h: a rationalized Planck's ?: the number of frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventor: Yoshinobu Ishii
  • Patent number: 8283100
    Abstract: Compositions and methods for forming color images on a substrate capable of development at desired wavelengths or energy levels are disclosed and described. The color forming composition can include a carrier system and a latent pigment with a pendent group, wherein the latent pigment is colorless or pale in color while the pendent group is attached, and wherein the latent pigment is convertible to a colored pigment upon removal of the pendent group. Alternatively, the latent pigment can have multiple states of conjugation where the latent pigment is colorless or pale in a first conjugation state, and colored in a second conjugation state. The color forming compositions are useful in forming images on a wide variety of substrates, such as optical disks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Jayprakash C. Bhatt, Sundar Vasudevan
  • Patent number: 7529385
    Abstract: A marking system that includes forming at least one marking in or on an article, wherein the image formed is not visible to the unaided human observer, and further contains at least one digital watermark. The digitally watermarked image comprises emissive and photoabsorptive portions. The digitally watermarked image is applied using a substance reactive to a predetermined excitation source, and exposure to ultraviolet light. Other traditional techniques, such as printing with fluorescent inks may be used in combination. The digitally watermarked image is subsequently observable upon exposure to the predetermined excitation source. The digitally watermarked image may be observed and decoded by appropriately configured detection systems, wherein the information obtained may be used for purposes including, but not limited to, authentication and security of the article or information contained within the article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Assignee: Spectra Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Nabil M. Lawandy, Jeffrey L. Conroy, Andrei Smuk
  • Patent number: 7270932
    Abstract: Imaging compositions and methods of using the compositions are disclosed. The imaging compositions are sensitive to low levels of energy such that upon application of the low levels of energy the compositions change color or shade. The compositions may be used in methods of marking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2007
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC
    Inventors: Robert K. Barr, James T. Fahey, Corey O'Connor, James G. Shelnut, John J. Piskorski
  • Patent number: 7223519
    Abstract: Imaging compositions and methods of using the compositions are disclosed. The imaging compositions are sensitive to low levels of energy such that upon application of the low levels of energy the compositions change color or shade. The compositions may be applied to a work piece to mark it and removed from the work piece by peeling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2007
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC
    Inventors: Robert K. Barr, Corey O'Connor
  • Patent number: 7220535
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods and apparatus for providing markings upon objects, including the read side of an optical information media, where the markings do not substantially interfere with object, including the use of the optical information media. This invention discloses use of a coating, marking schemes, printing of markings with UV light, as well as methods and apparatus for reading and deciphering said marking. Included is an authentication scheme, where the marking may be used as a lock to limit access to information contained in an optical information media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Assignee: Spectra Systems Corporation
    Inventors: Nabil M. Lawandy, Jeffrey L. Conroy, Robert S. Afzal, Allison Berube, Charles M. Zepp, Andrei Smuk
  • Patent number: 7158164
    Abstract: In a thermal development method for generating a image from a latent image recorded on an image formation layer of a photosensitive photothermographic recording material, by means of heating the photosensitive photothermographic recording material, a first surface, which is one surface of the photosensitive photothermographic recording material A, and a second surface, which is the remaining surface of the same, are heated; and a total amount of heat applied to the second surface is controlled so as to fall within a range of 100±30 when a total amount of heat applied to the first surface is taken as 100 in connection with the respective total amounts of heat which are applied to the image formation layer from the first and second surfaces and equal to and higher than the development reaction temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2007
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Koichi Okada
  • Patent number: 7144676
    Abstract: Imaging compositions and methods of using the compositions are disclosed. The imaging compositions are sensitive to low levels of energy such that upon application of the low levels of energy the compositions change color or shade. The compositions may be applied to a work piece to mark it and removed from the work piece by peeling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2006
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Electronic Materials LLC
    Inventors: Robert K. Barr, Corey O'Connor
  • Patent number: 7144694
    Abstract: A photothermographic imaging material including a support; an image forming layer containing an organic silver salt, a photosensitive silver halide, a binder and a silver ion reducing agent, the image forming layer being provided on the support; and a cyan coloring leuco dye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2006
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kashiwagi, Narito Goto
  • Patent number: 7126620
    Abstract: In a thermal development method for generating an image from a latent image recorded on an image formation layer of a photosensitive photothermographic recording material, by means of heating the photosensitive photothermographic recording material, a first surface, which is one surface of the photosensitive photothermographic recording material, and a second surface, which is the remaining surface of the same, are heated; and wherein a second total amount of heat applied to one surface of the first and second surfaces, the one surface having a larger contact area, is controlled so as to be a value of 80 or less when a first amount of heat applied to the other surface having a smaller contact area is taken as 100, wherein the first and second amounts of heat are total amounts of heat applied to the image formation layer from the first and second surfaces, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Koichi Okada
  • Patent number: 7123281
    Abstract: In a thermal development method for generating a image from a latent image recorded on an image formation layer of a photosensitive photothermographic recording material, by means of heating the recording material, a first surface, which is one surface of the recording material, and a second surface, which is the remaining surface of the same, are heated; and wherein a second total amount of heat applied to one surface of the first and second surfaces, the one surface being on the side of one unit having a higher heat conductivity of first and second heating units, is controlled so as to be a value of 80 or less when a first amount of heat applied to the other surface is taken as 100, wherein the first and second amounts of heat are total amounts of heat applied to the image formation layer from the first and second surfaces, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2006
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Koichi Okada
  • Patent number: 7018790
    Abstract: A photothermographic imaging material including a support; an image forming layer containing an organic silver salt, a photosensitive silver halide, a binder and a silver ion reducing agent, the image forming layer being provided on the support; and a cyan coloring leuco dye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kashiwagi, Narito Goto
  • Patent number: 7005251
    Abstract: A silver salt photothermographic dry imaging material including non-photosensitive aliphatic carboxylic acid silver salts; a photosensitive emulsion containing photosensitive silver halide grains; a silver ion reducing agent; a binder; and a cyan coloring leuco dye. A percentage of the photosensitive silver halide grains having a mean particle size of 0.01 or more ?m and 0.04 ?m or less is 5% or more by mass and 50% or less by mass of total photosensitive silver halide grains by conversion into a silver amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2006
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kashiwagi, Narito Goto
  • Patent number: 6885391
    Abstract: There is described a thermal development apparatus, which makes it possible to prevent generation of density variations caused by changes of the processing temperature during the thermal developing operation when the thermal developing photosensitive material is continuously processed, without increasing the cost of the apparatus so much. The thermal development apparatus includes a thermal developing processor to apply a thermal development processing to the thermal developing photosensitive material, a detector to detect the thermal developing photosensitive material to be conveyed into the thermal developing processor and a controller to control the thermal developing processor in a feed forward controlling mode based on a processing condition of the thermal developing processor. The processing condition is established in advance, corresponding to a load of processing the thermal developing photosensitive material detected in advance by the detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2005
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Takehiro Shiraishi, Makoto Sumi, Makoto Horiuchi
  • Publication number: 20040245432
    Abstract: (1) A two-photon absorbing polymerization method comprising a first step of irradiating light absorbable by two-photon absorption to form a latent image and a second step of exciting the latent image to cause polymerization, and (2) A two-photon absorbing optical recording method comprising a first step of forming a latent image of a color-forming material by two-photon absorption, a second step of irradiating light on the latent image of a color-forming material to cause polymerization based on the linear absorption of the color-forming material, and thereby forming difference in the refractive index to perform a recording, are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2004
    Publication date: December 9, 2004
    Applicant: FUJI PHOTO FILM CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Hiroo Takizawa
  • Publication number: 20040152010
    Abstract: A thermally imagable article comprises a substrate on which is coated a positive working heat-sensitive composition comprising a hydroxyl group-containing polymer and a heat-labile moiety which decreases the developer solubility of the composition as compared to the developer solubility of the composition without the heat-labile moiety, wherein the heat-sensitive composition does not comprise an acid generating moiety. The invention also provides novel positive working compositions comprising heat-labile moieties, and imagable articles comprising said compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2003
    Publication date: August 5, 2004
    Applicant: Kodak Polychrome Graphics LLC
    Inventors: Anthony Paul Kitson, Diane Cook, Kevin Barry Ray, Colin Adrian Wright
  • Publication number: 20040115569
    Abstract: A photothermographic imaging material including a support; an image forming layer containing an organic silver salt, a photosensitive silver halide, a binder and a silver ion reducing agent, the image forming layer being provided on the support; and a cyan coloring leuco dye. The photosensitive silver halide contains silver halide grains having a mean particle size of 10 to 50 nm, and the silver ion reducing agent is a compound represented by the following Formula (A-3).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 2, 2003
    Publication date: June 17, 2004
    Applicant: Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kashiwagi, Narito Goto
  • Publication number: 20040101789
    Abstract: A reversible multicolor recording medium includes a supporting substrate and a recording layer including reversible thermal coloring compositions having different colors on the supporting substrate. The reversible thermal coloring compositions are included within a separated and independent minute gap structure, and respectively have light-to-heat transforming materials which respectively absorb infrared rays having different wavelength ranges to generate heat.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2003
    Publication date: May 27, 2004
    Inventors: Kenichi Kurihara, Noriyuki Kishii, Hisanori Tsuboi
  • Publication number: 20030077542
    Abstract: A photopolymerizable composition and a recording material containing the composition. The composition include at least a radical-polymerizable compound and a photopolymerization initiator, in which the photopolymerization initiator contains a borate compound, having a melting point of not more than 140° C., of the following general formula (I) in which R1, R2, R3 and R4 each independently represent an alkyl group, aryl group, heterocyclic group, or silyl group; and Z+ represents a cation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2002
    Publication date: April 24, 2003
    Applicant: FUJI PHOTO FILM CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshimitsu Arai, Yuuichi Fukushige
  • Patent number: 6461802
    Abstract: The coating quality of an adhesive layer applied in direct contact on a polyester film is improved by using an alkyl (poly)glycoside as surfactant. A polyester film carrying such layer is suitable as support for a photosensitive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2002
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert
    Inventors: Etienne Van Thillo, Patrick Mertens, Jozef Boeykens, Filip Vandaele
  • Patent number: 6416922
    Abstract: The present invention related to an azomethine dye precursor represented by the following general formula (1) and the image-forming material and image-forming method using the azomethine dye precursor: wherein Ar represents an aryl group or a heterocyclic group which may each have a substituent; X represents a bivalent group linking a carbon atom and a nitrogen atom; and Cp represent a coupler residue which may or may not form a ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Sato, Masatoshi Yumoto, Yoshimitsu Arai, Hirotaka Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 6411320
    Abstract: A thermographic imaging system in which exposed thermographic imaging media is moved along a path, apparatus comprising: a movable member of thermally conductive material located along said path, said member having a first dimension parallel to said path and a second dimension perpendicular to said path, said member having a first side which thermally contacts media moved along said path and a second opposite side, a first electrical heater in thermal contact with said second side of said member; a second electrical heater in thermal contact with said second side of said member, said second electrical heater having a plurality of separately activated segments extending in said first dimension, and a control for selectively activating said segments as media is moved along said path into contiguity with each said segments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: David J. Mcdaniel, John T. Olson
  • Patent number: 6387584
    Abstract: A photoimaging material which comprises a support and a photoimaging layer formed on the support. The photoimaging layer comprises microcapsules and a reducing agent present outside the microcapsules. The microcapsules contain a leuco dye capable of oxidative color formation, a photooxidizing agent and an organosulfur antioxidant. The reducing agent is 2,2′-methylenebis(4-methyl-6-t-butylphenol) or 2,2′-methylenebis(4-ethyl-6-t-butylphenol). The photoimaging material is capable of thermal image fixing based on a method of forming color by radical oxidation of various leuco dyes to the corresponding dyes with a photooxidizing agent. The photoimaging material is not prone to background coloring (fogging) during storage under dark or light conditions after image fixing, and does not foul the inside of the apparatus during thermal image fixing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kensuke Ikeda, Makoto Ono
  • Patent number: 6329121
    Abstract: An image recording medium is disclosed which comprising: an acid generating agent capable of generating an acid by the action of heat or an acid, which is represented by the following formula (1); and a compound of causing variation in the absorption region of from 360 to 900 nm by the intramolecular or intermolecular reaction triggered by the action of an acid: W1OP  (1) wherein W1 represents a residue of an acid represented by W1OH, and P represents an acid-sensitive substituent capable of splitting off at a temperature of 150° C. or less due to catalysis by W1OH.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2001
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuhiko Obayashi, Junichi Yamanouchi, Atsuhiro Ohkawa
  • Patent number: 6329120
    Abstract: An image recording medium is disclosed which comprising: an acid generating agent capable of generating an acid by the action of heat or an acid, which is represented by the following formula (1); and a compound of causing variation in the absorption region of from 360 to 900 nm by the intramolecular or intermolecular reaction triggered by the action of an acid: W1OP  (1) wherein W1 represents a residue of an acid represented by W1OH, and P represents an acid-sensitive substituent capable of splitting off at a temperature of 150° C. or less due to catalysis by W1OH.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2001
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuhiko Obayashi, Junichi Yamanouchi, Atsuhiro Ohkawa
  • Publication number: 20010019806
    Abstract: The present invention related to an azomethine dye precursor represented by the following general formula (1) and the image-forming material and image-forming method using the azomethine dye precursor: wherein Ar represents an aryl group or a heterocyclic group which may each have a substituent; X represents a bivalent group linking a carbon atom and a nitrogen atom; and Cp represent a coupler residue which may or may not form a ring.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2001
    Publication date: September 6, 2001
    Inventors: Hiroshi Sato, Masatoshi Yumoto, Yoshimitsu Arai, Hirotaka Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 6242154
    Abstract: A process for generation of acid uses a medium comprising a first acid-generating component capable of generating a first acid, and a secondary acid generator, this secondary acid generator being capable of thermal decomposition to form a secondary acid, the thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator being catalyzed by the first acid. At least part of the medium is exposed to so as to cause formation of the first acid from the first acid-generating component; and the medium is then heated to cause, in the exposed part of the medium, acid-catalyzed thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator and formation of the secondary acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Jurgen M. Grasshoff, John L. Marshall, Richard A. Minns, Socorro M. Ramos, Stephen G. Stroud, Stephen J. Telfer, Haixin Yang, Roger A. Boggs, Eric S. Kolb
  • Patent number: 6180315
    Abstract: Novel compositions for making structured color images and application thereof Compositions for making structured color images comprising (a) a soluble pigment precursor which can be transformed to an insoluble pigment by means of chemical, thermal, photolytic or radiation-induced method, and (b) a binder polymer or prepolymer, or a positive or negative resist-type resin which can be structured by crosslinking, polymerization or depolymerization by applying heat or electromagnetic irradiation. The compositions can be applied to optical and thermal recording, printing, and the production of color filters for Liquid Crystal Displays, with high accuracy, high transparency and high stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2001
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemcials Corporation
    Inventors: Ulrich Sch{umlaut over (a)}deli, John S. Zambounis, Abul Iqbal, Zhimin Hao, Henri Dubas
  • Patent number: 6143480
    Abstract: Disclosed is a leuco dye in which a hydrogen atom capable of transferring by isomerization in a dye represented by formula (1) or a tautomer thereof is substituted by a substituent group P which can be removed by the action of heat or acid ##STR1## wherein (A) represents an atomic group necessary for forming a nitrogen-containing hetero ring; (B) represents an atomic group necessary for forming a six-membered hetero ring; and X represents an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom or a nitrogen atom, which may have a hydrogen atom or a possible substituent group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2000
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuhiko Obayashi, Atsuhiro Ohkawa
  • Patent number: 6110638
    Abstract: A process for generation of acid uses a medium comprising a first acid-generating component capable of generating a first acid, and a secondary acid generator, this secondary acid generator being capable of thermal decomposition to form a secondary acid, the thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator being catalyzed by the first acid. At least part of the medium is exposed to so as to cause formation of the first acid from the first acid-generating component; and the medium is then heated to cause, in the exposed part of the medium, acid-catalyzed thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator and formation of the secondary acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Roger A. Boggs, Jurgen M. Grasshoff, Eric S. Kolb, John L. Marshall, Richard A. Minns, Socorro M. Ramos, Stephen G. Stroud, Stephen J. Telfer, Haixin Yang
  • Patent number: 6004719
    Abstract: A process for producing an image uses an imaging medium comprising an acid-generating layer or phase comprising a mixture of a superacid precursor, a sensitizing dye and a secondary acid generator, and a color-change layer comprising an image dye. The sensitizing dye has first and second forms, the first form having substantially greater substantial absorption in a first wavelength range than the second form. The superacid precursor is not capable, in the absence of the first form of the sensitizing dye, of being decomposed by radiation in the first wavelength range. The secondary acid generator is capable of thermal decomposition, catalyzed by superacid, to form a secondary acid. While at least part of the sensitizing dye is in its first form, the medium is imagewise exposed to radiation in the first wavelength range, thereby causing, in the exposed areas of the acid-generating layer, the formation of superacid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Russell A. Gaudiana, Robert W. Haddock, Serajul Haque, Iris B. Kliman Bloom, John L. Marshall, Socorro M. Ramos, Larry C. Takiff, Stephen J. Telfer, Michael A. Young
  • Patent number: 5985381
    Abstract: Methods and articles so produced for increasing the camouflaging effect of any camouflaging pattern, the invention relates to the coating of at least portions of a camouflaging pattern disposed on an article with a material capable of assuming different chromic states at different ambient light levels. Materials employed to produce color changes in the camouflaging pattern include light and/or heat sensitive dyes and/or inks and particularly photochromic materials capable of reversible color changes. At least portions of camouflaging patterns modified according to the invention change color, such as from a color in the original camouflaging pattern to a different color or from a first shade of a given color to a second shade of that same color, on exposure to sunlight either of a more direct nature or a greater intensity, the color change being reversed in whole or in part by a return of ambient light conditions toward or to a given set of original light conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Inventor: Kyle Henry Conner
  • Patent number: 5919608
    Abstract: The sensitivity to radiation of combinations of cationic electron acceptors (such as phosphonium, sulfonium, diazonium and iodonium salts) with sensitizing dyes, which sensitize these cationic electron acceptors to wavelengths (typically visible wavelengths) to which they are not sensitive in the absence of the dye, can be increased by including with the cationic electron acceptor and the sensitizing dye a supersensitizer which has an oxidation potential lower than that of the sensitizing dye, the supersensitizer being an ionic compound having a cation comprising an ionic grouping, said grouping comprising at least one atom of an element from Group VB, VIB or VIIB of the Periodic Table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Serajul Haque, John L. Marshall, Stephen J. Telfer
  • Patent number: 5914213
    Abstract: A process for generation of acid uses a medium comprising a first acid-generating component capable of generating a first acid, and a secondary acid generator, this secondary acid generator being capable of thermal decomposition to form a secondary acid, the thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator being catalyzed by the first acid. At least part of the medium is exposed to so as to cause formation of the first acid from the first acid-generating component; and the medium is then heated to cause, in the exposed part of the medium, acid-catalyzed thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator and formation of the secondary acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Jurgen M. Grasshoff, John L. Marshall, Richard A. Minns, Socorro M. Ramos, Stephen G. Stroud, Stephen J. Telfer, Haixin Yang, Roger A. Boggs, Eric S. Kolb
  • Patent number: 5876898
    Abstract: A heat sensitive recording material is provided which can be simply prevented from falsification and is excellent in contrast between fixed portion and image portion, and a recording method using it is further provided. Moreover, there is provided a heat sensitive recording material capable of carrying out multicolor recording which is excellent in contrast of the image portions, density of the image portions, and image storage stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
    Inventors: Haruhiko Ikeda, Shigetoshi Hiraishi, Koji Suematsu
  • Patent number: 5846614
    Abstract: Methods and articles so produced for increasing the camouflaging effect of any camouflaging pattern, the invention relates to the coating of at least portions of a camouflaging pattern disposed on an article with a material capable of different chromic states at different ambient light levels. Materials employed to produce color changes in the camouflaging pattern include light and/or heat sensitive dyes and/or inks and particularly photochromic materials capable of reversible color changes. At least portions of camouflaging patterns modified according to the invention change color, typically from a color in the original camouflaging pattern to a different color or from a first shade of a given color to a second shade of that same color, on exposure to sunlight either of a more direct nature or a greater intensity, the color change being reversed in whole or in part by a return of ambient light conditions toward or to a given set of original light conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Inventor: Kyle Henry Conner
  • Patent number: 5789135
    Abstract: A light- and heat-sensitive recording material is disclosed, comprising a support provided thereon a light- and heat-sensitive layer containing a photo-color-forming element comprising a photodecomposable compound and an element capable of forming a color upon reaction with a decomposition product of the photodecomposable compound, wherein the photo-color-forming element is imagewise heated so as to be mixed to thereby form a latent image and the latent image is further exposed to light to form a color; at least one of the photodecomposable compound and the element capable of forming a color upon reaction with the decomposition product of the photodecomposable compound being dispersed through solution in an organic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Eisaku Katoh, Manabu Shibata, Kenzo Nakazawa, Osamu Hatano, Tetsuya Yoshida, Shuji Kida
  • Patent number: 5741630
    Abstract: A process for producing and fixing an image uses an imaging medium comprising an acid-generating layer or phase comprising a mixture of a superacid precursor, a sensitizer and a secondary acid generator, and a color-change layer comprising an image dye. The sensitizer can absorb radiation of a sensitizer wavelength which does not, in the absence of the sensitizer, cause decomposition of the superacid precursor to form the corresponding superacid. The secondary acid generator is capable of acid-catalyzed thermal decomposition by the first acid to form a second acid, and the image dye undergoes a color change upon contact with the second acid. The medium is imagewise exposed to radiation of the sensitizer wavelength, thereby causing the sensitizer, in exposed areas, to decompose superacid precursor with formation of the fist acid. The medium is then heated to cause, in the exposed areas, acid-catalyzed thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator and formation of the second acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1998
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: John L. Marshall, Rita S. Shon Baker, Larry C. Takiff, Stephen J. Telfer, John C. Warner
  • Patent number: 5731112
    Abstract: This invention relates to a mixture of imageable polyacetylenic compounds which have similar photosensitivities and which are visually imageable in complementary colors combinable to provide a black image, which mixture contains at least one polyacetylenic metal salt which produces a color, preferably a metal salt of a diacetylene C.sub.6 to C.sub.48 mono- or dicarboxylic acid, which is complementary to a color produced by another polyacetylenic metal salt or non-metallic polyacetylenic compound contained in the mixture or in an another integral color forming layer. The invention also pertains to the use of said mixture and the manner of its preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1998
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: David F. Lewis, Sangya S. Varma
  • Patent number: 5698363
    Abstract: An image forming method is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1997
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Ai Katsuda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Tomonori Kawamura, Toshihisa Takeyama, Kunihiro Koshizuka
  • Patent number: 5672466
    Abstract: There is disclosed a silver halide photosensitive material and a method for forming an image, by the use of a color-developing agent of the type of carbonylhydrazone. The color-developing agent has satisfactory storage stability and capability for forming an image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 30, 1997
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hisashi Okamura, Masaki Noro, Kazuhiko Matsumoto, Toshiki Taguchi
  • Patent number: 5667943
    Abstract: Certain squaric acid derivatives are useful for the thermochemical generation of acid. The squaric acid derivatives may be used in imaging media in conjunction with acid-sensitive materials which undergo a color change when contacted by the acid generated from the squaric acid derivatives. Preferably, the acid-sensitive materials undergo an irreversible color change, so that the image can be fixed by neutralizing all the acid generated with excess base, thereby preventing further color change in the image during long term storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1997
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Roger A. Boggs, Jurgen M. Grasshoff, Mark R. Mischke, Anthony J. Puttick, Stephen J. Telfer, David P. Waller, Kenneth C. Waterman
  • Patent number: 5627014
    Abstract: Dyes comprising an inner salt of a compound of the formula:Q.sup.1 =Z-Q.sup.2wherein:Q.sup.1 is a 4-(benz[b]-4H-pyrylium)methylidene, 4-(benz[b]-4H-thiopyrylium)methylidene or 4-(benz[b]-4H-selenopyrylium)methylidene grouping;Z is a 1,3-(2-hydroxy-4-oxo-2-cyclobutylidene) hydroxide or 1,3-(2-hydroxy-4,5-dioxo-2-cyclopentylidene) hydroxide ring; andQ.sup.2 is a 4-(benz[b]-4H-pyran-4-ylidene)methyl, 4-(benz[b]-4H-thiopyran-4-ylidene)methyl or 4-(benz[b]-4H-selenopyran-4-ylidene)methyl grouping;wherein at least one of the groupings Q.sup.1 and Q.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1997
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Peter K. Chu, Serajul Haque, Anthony J. Puttick, Socorro M. Ramos, Robert P. Short, Stephen G. Stroud, Stephen J. Telfer, Michael J. Zuraw
  • Patent number: 5582956
    Abstract: A process for producing and fixing an image uses an imaging medium comprising an acid-generating layer or phase comprising a mixture of a superacid precursor, a sensitizer and a secondary acid generator, and a color-change layer comprising an image dye. The sensitizer can absorb radiation of a sensitizer wavelength which does not, in the absence of the sensitizer, cause decomposition of the superacid precursor to form the corresponding superacid. The secondary acid generator is capable of acid-catalyzed thermal decomposition by the first acid to form a secondary acid, and the image dye undergoes a color change upon contact with the secondary acid. The medium is imagewise exposed to radiation of the sensitizer wavelength, thereby causing the sensitizer, in exposed areas, to decompose superacid precursor with formation of the fist acid. The medium is then heated to cause, in the exposed areas, acid-catalyzed thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator and formation of the secondary acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Anne Ehret, John L. Marshall, Rita S. S. Baker, Larry C. Takiff, Stephen J. Telfer, John C. Warner
  • Patent number: 5578424
    Abstract: Acid can be generated by exposing a mixture of a superacid precursor and a dye to actinic radiation of a first wavelength which does not, in the absence of the dye, cause decomposition of the superacid precursor to form the corresponding superacid, thereby causing absorption of the actinic radiation and decomposition of part of the superacid precursor, with formation of a protonated product derived from the dye, then irradiating the mixture with actinic radiation of a second wavelength, thereby causing decomposition of part of the remaining superacid precursor, with formation of unbuffered superacid. Preferably, following these irradiations, the imaging medium is heated while the superacid is admixed with a secondary acid generator capable of being thermally decomposed to form a second acid, the thermal decomposition of the secondary acid generator being catalyzed by the presence of the superacid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1996
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Jurgen M. Grasshoff, John L. Marshall, Richard A. Minns, Anthony J. Puttick, Lloyd D. Taylor, Stephen J. Telfer
  • Patent number: 5534393
    Abstract: Certain squaric acid derivatives are useful for the thermochemical generation of acid. The squaric acid derivatives may be used in imaging media in conjunction with acid-sensitive materials which undergo a color change when contacted by the acid generated from the squaric acid derivatives. Preferably, the acid-sensitive materials undergo an irreversible color change, so that the image can be fixed by neutralizing all the acid generated with excess base, thereby preventing further color change in the image during long term storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Roger A. Boggs, Jurgen M. Grasshoff, Mark R. Mischke, Anthony J. Puttick, Stephen J. Telfer, David P. Waller, Kenneth C. Waterman
  • Patent number: 5534388
    Abstract: Acid can be generated by exposing a superacid precursor to actinic radiation effective to generate superacid from the superacid precursor and heating the superacid in admixture with a secondary acid generator capable of undergoing thermal decomposition to produce a secondary acid. The superacid catalyzes decomposition of the secondary acid generator, thus increasing the quantity of strong acid present in the medium. The resultant secondary acid can be used to effect a color change in an acid-sensitive material, so providing an imaging process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Jurgen M. Grasshoff, John L. Marshall, Richard A. Minns, Mark R. Mischke, Anthony J. Puttick, Lloyd D. Taylor, Stephen J. Telfer
  • Patent number: 5510224
    Abstract: A photosensitive microcapsule which contains a polymerizable monomer and a polymerization initiator has increased sensitivity due to the displacement of soluble water in the monomer photosensitive microcapsule comprises a polymerizable monomer contained in a microcapsule; a photopolymerization initiator comprising a hydrophobic sensitizer for initiating polymerization of the polymerizable monomer in response to incident light energy; and an image producing material such as a dye or a precursor; wherein the hydrophobic sensitizer includes at least one of 3,7-bis (octadecylmethylamino) phenothiazoniumchloride which reacts on a red color light energy, 3,7-di(octadecylmethylamino)-5-phenylphenaziniumchloride which reacts on a green color light energy, and 3,6-di(octadecylmethylamino)-acridinechloride which reacts on a blue color light energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1996
    Assignee: Seiko Instruments Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Takahashi, Toshihiko Sakuhara, Fumiharu Iwasaki