Plant Irrigators And/or Fertilizers, Apparatus Or Method Patents (Class 47/48.5)
  • Patent number: 9572310
    Abstract: The embodiments herein relate to a method for delivering nutrients to the plants in a hydroponic system. The method comprises delivering a nutrient solution, planting a plurality of plants in a plurality of plant receivers, combining a plurality of angled joints with a single side of one plastic pipe with rest of the plastic pipes, combining a plurality of T-fitting/connectors with the plurality of plastic pipes, closing an end of the plastic pipes with a plurality of pipe caps and delivering water to the plurality of pipes using a customizable water pipe. The method further comprises adjusting the plurality of plastic pipes with an adjustable pipe brace and circulating the nutrient solution in the reservoir to the plurality of plant receivers using an electrical pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Inventor: Zepplin Anderson
  • Patent number: 9497907
    Abstract: The embodiments herein provide a hydroponic system having a self-contained reservoir. The system comprises, a plurality of plastic pipes, a plurality of plant receivers, a plurality of angled joints, a plurality of T-fitting/connectors, a plurality of pipe caps, a customizable water pipe, an adjustable pipe brace, and an electrical pump. A method is provided for delivering the nutrient solutions to the plants through a hydroponic system. The method comprises, assembling the hydroponic system, selecting a plurality of plants to be grown in the hydroponic solution, delivering nutrient solution to the roots of the selected plant from the reservoir, and customizing the hydroponic system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2016
    Inventor: Zepplin Anderson
  • Patent number: 9265374
    Abstract: A trunk mounted Christmas tree water level measuring and alarm device includes a housing configured to be mounted to the tree trunk of a Christmas tree through at least one variable length attaching strap. A first water level sensor rod extends down from the housing and configured to extend into a water reservoir of a tree stand supporting the Christmas tree at a low water level. Another sensor rod may extend to a high water level. The housing including a power supply and at least one water level alarm configured to activate when the sensor rod(s) indicate a water level in the water reservoir below the low water level or, optionally, above the high water level. The housing further includes a light sensor and an alarm override wherein the alarm is overridden when the light sensor indicates the presence of less than a preset threshold of light around the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Inventor: Marc Rasschaert
  • Patent number: 9255021
    Abstract: The present invention refers to a system for the metabolization of organic substances, comprising at least one housing with an elongated space. The housing has at least one inlet opening at the top end portion for the introduction of liquids with organic substances therein and at least one outlet opening for liquids at the bottom end portion. The inlet opening and the outlet opening are in communication with the elongated space, where the elongated space extends from the top end portion to the bottom end portion of the housing. Further, the system for metabolization comprises at least one planting opening provided on the housing between the inlet opening and the outlet opening for the accommodation of a support element for plants, the planting opening being in communication with the elongated space, and a porous filler material provided in the elongated space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und Raumfahrt e.V.
    Inventors: Jens Hauslage, Kai Wasser
  • Patent number: 9119352
    Abstract: A weed/grass control and fertilizing device is shown and described. In one embodiment, the device comprises a bladder socket having a bottom surface blocker, a screen and a water-permeable barrier. The bladder socket includes at least one sleeve and may be installed around a trunked tree. In other embodiments, a replaceable fertilizer cartridge may be positioned within the sleeve. The result are devices and methods for harmonizing weed/grass control and fertilizing of trunked plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Inventor: Charles Randall Bettini
  • Patent number: 9055718
    Abstract: A deep root watering unit is described herein that includes an elongated hollow sleeve member and a grate-retaining housing mounted at an upper end of the sleeve member. A cap configured as a grate can be attached to the top portion of the housing. The deep root watering unit is advantageously configured to facilitate insertion and removal of the cap, irrigation adjacent to the housing, and/or distribution of fluid to adjacent irrigation devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: Rain Bird Corporation
    Inventor: Steven David Geerligs
  • Publication number: 20150082694
    Abstract: A potted plant holder features a number of post pieces that assemble to form a post structure that supports a number of hubs thereon, which in turn each support a number of branch-like supports. A reduced diameter end of each post piece nests within the other end of another post piece for easy assembly. Each branch has a simple wire structure with a bent end configured to form two parallel legs jutting perpendicular to the branch length for receipt of the legs in an outer opening of the hub around the post. A pot-size adapter features a ring of smaller diameter than an integral pot-supporting ring of the branch and hangers that suspend the smaller ring therefrom. A watering system features ring-shaped conduits that fit over the different levels of branches and branch conduits running outward along the branches of each level from the respective ring-shaped conduit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventor: Keith Ganske
  • Patent number: 8979431
    Abstract: An irrigation device comprising a moisture responsive barrier is provided. At least a portion of the barrier has perforations, at least some of the perforations are associated with a water swellable material. The perforations are configured to open as the water swellable material loses moisture and dries out and are configured to close as said water swellable material is exposed to and absorbs water, such as during a watering step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Canplas Industries Ltd.
    Inventor: Jeff Bayley
  • Patent number: 8978296
    Abstract: A watering system for providing a flora-nourishing substance to flora. The system comprises a nourishment receiving and delivery mechanism for receiving and delivering the flora nourishing substance; and at least one percolation bore disposed adjacent to the flora and at least partially filled with a material for absorbing the nourishing substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Inventor: Itzhak Zinger
  • Patent number: 8973301
    Abstract: An environment-friendly planting device with automatic percolation and irrigation of hermetic liquid includes a planting container and draining and irrigating pipes. An inner part of the planting container is orderly provided with a first layer having ceramic aggregates and sand, a second layer having medical stones, sand and perlites, and an organic substrate layer from bottom to top. The first layer and the second layer are for storing water. The first layer has a first draining and irrigating pipe having a U-shaped inner cavity. The second layer has a second draining and irrigating pipe having a U-shaped inner cavity as a snorkel. The first draining and irrigating pipe and the second draining and irrigating pipe respectively have a first end connected to a vertical water inlet pipe, and a second end sealed. A bottom of the water inlet pipe is sealed. The organic substrate layer is for cultivating plants therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Inventor: Yiu Tak Leung
  • Patent number: 8968696
    Abstract: The invention relates to a potassium sulphate powder wherein about 80 wt % or more of the powder has a particle size of about 0.2 mm or lower, preferably about 0.13 mm or less. The particle size preferably is such, that about 80 wt % or more is about 0.02 mm or higher, more preferably about 0.04 mm or higher. This potassium sulphate powder dissolves easily in water, more in particular, 50 gram of said potassium sulphate powder dissolves in 1 liter of water without stirring within 1 minute, preferably within 30 sec. This potassium sulphate powder is very suitable as foliar fertilizer, in particular for broad acre crops. Further, the invention relates to the use of foliar potassium fertilizer, to enhance the uptake of potassium from the soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Tessenderlo Chemie N.V.
    Inventors: Michel Marchand, Nicolas White, Peter Landuyt, Peter Luts
  • Publication number: 20150040471
    Abstract: A modular wick for accommodating garden beds of various sizes comprises a generally planar platform Connectors are provided proximate to an outer edge of the platform that allow for connection with an adjacent wick. Each of the wick comprises at least one well that is filled with a wicking medium. Apertures are provided in the walls of the wells to allow water to enter into the wicking medium. By connecting the wicks together, various sizes can be formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 11, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Wesley Hooper, Cooper Pantages
  • Patent number: 8950976
    Abstract: A plant watering device is disclosed. The device has a preferentially water permeable membrane arranged to separate a supply of water from a root system of a plant. The membrane is arranged to allow water to permeate to water the roots.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: The University of Sydney
    Inventors: Bruce Gregory Sutton, Gregory Lawrence Leslie
  • Publication number: 20150013220
    Abstract: An apparatus and system for irrigation is disclosed. The Save-A-Tree-System Apparatus is an apparatus for sub-surface irrigation which uses a rigid or semi-rigid tube with a plurality of fluid emitters disposed in the tube, which is buried in order to deliver irrigation to the root-zone of plants, which can be connected in series to efficiently direct irrigation to multiple locals, and which has an internal reservoir for the application of fertilizer, pesticide, fungicide, or the like, to an individual location to supplement system-wide treatment. Irrigation water or treated water is delivered from a source to the Save-A-Tree-System Apparatus via a connecting hose. A pressure regulator, filter and/or directional flow check valve may also be installed between the source and a Save-A-Tree-System Apparatus as needed to control the irrigation water that is delivered to the apparatus. The Save-A-Tree-System Apparatus may also simultaneously provide both aboveground and sub-surface irrigation and aeration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: Thomas Ross
  • Patent number: 8919038
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing irrigation to plants are provided. The system generally includes a fluid distribution structure having a barrier layer and a hydrophilic layer. The fluid distribution structure can additionally include a plurality of channels. Each channel can be associated with a non-woven material or other volume providing element overlayed by a filter layer. A fluid supply tube may be provided at a first end of the fluid distribution structure, and a drainage tube may be disposed along a second end of the fluid distribution structure. Where the fluid distribution structure includes channels, a supply tube and a drainage tube, the channels generally extend between the supply tube and the drainage tube. Fluid collected by the drainage tube can be recirculated to the supply tube, or can be collected or disposed of.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Inventagon LLC
    Inventor: Jarl Jensen
  • Publication number: 20140366438
    Abstract: An irrigation device having a flexible container for holding water while delivering the water directly into the soil with the irrigation device having a filler neck to facilitate filling and inhibit backflow therethrough with a cap that can quickly seal the filler neck after the irrigation device is filled and a handhold useable to hold the filler neck in an elevated condition during the filling and closing of the flexible container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Christine Lancaster, Tammy Donnelly, William Hiner, John Cain, Kathrine Hintz, Allison Rezabek
  • Publication number: 20140325903
    Abstract: This invention provides a truncated, ground-embeddable conical irrigation ring having an integral weed-abatement collar. The slight conical nature of the ring allows for nested stacking of the devices. A first embodiment device has an annular collar with a circular outer perimeter. The weed-abatement collar is wide enough to prevent most weeds from beginning growth outside the ring, creeping over the edge thereof, and into the plant growing region within the ring. The ring prevents water that is provided to a plant growing within the ring from seeping outwardly into soil were no plant growth is wanted. A second embodiment has a hexagonally-shaped weed-abatement collar that allows for honeycomb arrangements of multiple devices which completely cover the ground between irrigation rings. A third embodiment also has a hexagonally-shaped weed-abatement collar. Half of the collar perimeter is equipped with a light-blocking underlapping shelf.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2014
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventor: Dallas Ray Thompson
  • Publication number: 20140298719
    Abstract: A self contained watering apparatus may be buried within the soil in a conventional decorative pot or outdoors in the ground adjacent a plant(s) to be watered. A container for water serves as the source of water and includes a tube for refilling the container. An electric pump, which may be within the container or above the container, pumps water from within the container and discharges the water through a conventional spray nozzle or drip irrigation nozzle. A battery provides electric power to the pump and a settable timer regulates the electrical connection between the battery and the pump.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 8, 2013
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventor: Robert A. Mackin
  • Patent number: 8850996
    Abstract: A stationary system for gas treatment of top soil to kill plant pests including either underground or above ground piping netting for facilitating the flow of gas towards the roots of the plant, preferably via one or more injection nozzles. The system may be adapted to be in combination with water/fertilizers irrigation system, such that both (i) plant growth is promoted and (ii) plant pathogen kill by a compressible gas is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Inventor: Uri Rapoport
  • Publication number: 20140283446
    Abstract: A water supply device put on the soil or buried in the soil in which the plants are planted. The water supply device includes a first part, a second part and a pipe. The first part is an annular part with a notch. The first part has a water storage space for storing water therein. The second part is located within the notch of the first part and has a room for storing fertilizer therein. The pipe is arranged along the first part and connected between the water storage space and the room. The pipe has a plurality of apertures distributed over the wall thereof. By using principles of differential-pressure and siphon, the water and fertilizer automatically move and are supplied to the plants so as to save time, expenses and efforts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventor: MAO-CHIANG KUO
  • Publication number: 20140283445
    Abstract: The present invention describes a lawn spike that is configured to distribute a solution of water, fertilizer, or pesticides into the soil. The device includes a proximal end and a spiked distal end, whereby the proximal end includes a reservoir and a removable cap, and the spiked distal end includes an elongated shaft having a plurality of apertures and a distal tip configured for insertion into the soil surface. In use, the device is inserted into the ground with a mallet or similar device and the cap is removed. The reservoir is filled with a solution, which then gravity fed into the spiked distal end for distribution through the apertures of the elongated shaft and into the soil. The present invention distributes pesticides, plant food, or water into the ground, helps to fertilize soil to ensure proper plant growth, and controls the drainage of the solution into the ground.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2013
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventor: Phillip Chabot
  • Publication number: 20140259904
    Abstract: There is at least one embodiment that comprises a system for harvesting plants comprising at least one container for receiving and growing plants; at least one irrigation system configured to feed water to at least one of said plurality of containers; and at least one microprocessor configured to calculate a time until reaching a harvest point based upon a position of the plants. The at least one container can comprise a plurality of containers. The at least one irrigation system comprises at least one level valve configured to close when fluid in at least one container of said plurality of containers reaches a predetermined level.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: William Charles Collard
  • Publication number: 20140215909
    Abstract: The invention relates to a plant irrigating system (1), comprising a collection structure (99) for collecting moisture present in the atmosphere, wherein the collection structure is provided with a water recovery surface (24) which during use at least partly makes an angle with respect to the orientation of gravity. The plant irrigating system further comprises a reservoir (98) for storing the recovered moisture, wherein the reservoir is provided with irrigation means (19,21) for delivering moisture present in the reservoir to a subsoil located therebelow. The collection structure and the reservoir are manufactured from paper material and/or biodegradable plastic.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2011
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: Holland Technology B.V.
    Inventor: Petrus Mattheus Maria Hoff
  • Patent number: 8752327
    Abstract: Irrigation systems (36) and methods are provided that are based on measurements of oxygen levels and availability to the root of the plant. The irrigation management system comprises at least one sensor (24) deducing data indicating the level of oxygen wherein the data collected from the sensors is used to determine irrigation amounts and timing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Inventors: Nissim Daniely, Yeshaiahu Redler, Eitan Israeli
  • Patent number: 8752330
    Abstract: The invention relates to a plant aid for surrounding a young plant. The plant aid comprises a tube at least partly sideways surrounding a young plant placeable in the plant aid. The plant aid further comprises a water collection sheet for collecting moisture present in the atmosphere. The water collection sheet comprises a water collection surface comprising a receiving surface, which receiving surface operatively makes a first angle with respect to the orientation of gravity. The water collection sheet further comprises a collecting surface adjoining a lower edge of the receiving surface, which collecting surface operatively makes a second angle with respect to the orientation of gravity. The first angle is smaller than the second angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: P.M.M. Hoff Holding B.V.
    Inventor: Petrus Mattheus Maria Hoff
  • Publication number: 20140157664
    Abstract: A plant watering device comprises a pair of water absorbent shells made from natural coconut husks. Cotton pads are placed between the shells for further water storage and slow persistent release. An amount of plant nutrient, colloidal silver and water filtering carbon material is placed within the cotton pads for disbursement to the root system of a plant. The husks and cotton pads are stacked. The two husks are then sewn together. The device is buried in a planter in close proximity to a root system of a plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventor: LYNDA MAE BRAUN
  • Patent number: 8714181
    Abstract: A tensiometer for use in determining matric potential of a soil includes a water inlet; a hydraulic coupler comprising a porous material for providing hydraulic coupling between water that enters the inlet and the soil; and a septum that seals water that enters the inlet against ingress of air via the porous material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignees: Netafim, Ltd., Yissum Research Development Company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Inventors: Uri Shani, Abraham Schweitzer
  • Patent number: 8701343
    Abstract: This invention relates to a system for diverting water to improve ground water supplies. The system involves collecting stormwater from hard surfaces, such as roads and pavements, and diverts the stormwater to the landscape underground, including below the road and pavement, where the water may be used for passive irrigation. More specifically, the invention relates to a water diversion system for utilizing stormwater runoff to passively irrigate plants. The system comprises a receptacle for receiving and containing a volume of stormwater runoff, and having an outlet for enabling contained stormwater to flow out of the receptacle. The system further comprises distribution means connected to the outlet of the receptacle for communicating stormwater from the receptacle to a soil profile below the level of the pavement for access by a plant, thereby irrigating the plant. The system also comprises a filter for removing solid particulates from the stormwater entering the distribution means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Wiese Innovations Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Rodney Neville Wiese
  • Publication number: 20140075837
    Abstract: A plant watering device includes a device insert having a substantially solid porous material with a continuously porous exterior contact surface, at least one watering cavity in the device insert and a water distribution conduit disposed in fluid communication with the at least one watering cavity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2012
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventor: Donald W. Little
  • Publication number: 20140069000
    Abstract: Device (1) for watering plants which is intended to be fitted to a growing container, such as a pot. The device comprises an external casing (2) intended to be placed inside the growing container and to be at least partially buried, said casing (2) delimiting a housing (3) having an open top end (4) intended to protrude from or lie flush with the soil, and a bottom end (5) having a passage (6) in the soil. The device further comprises a water reservoir (7) positioned inside the housing (3) and having an orifice (8) around which a water diffusion system (10) is removably mounted. The diffusion system (10) is designed to pass through the passage (6) of the casing (2).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: AQUASOLO SYSTEMS
    Inventors: Philippe Balestra, Bruno Canin
  • Patent number: 8667733
    Abstract: A first instruction is provided to add the contents of a container to the reservoir bowl portion of a tree stand, where the material includes an amount of a SuperAbsorbent Polymer (SAP). A second instruction is provided to add ice. In one example, an assembly includes a container, where the SAP is in the container, and where the container bears the instructions. This assembly is provided to the user. The user follows the instructions, and pours the contents into the reservoir bowl, and then adds ice to the reservoir bowl. The melting ice hydrates the SAP. The hydrated SAP then transfers moisture to a cut tree held by the stand. Water is replenished by adding more ice. No water must be poured or handled to hydrate the tree, so spilling and difficulties associated with pouring volumes of water into the bowl portion are avoided. The SAP is reusable and biodegradable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Inventor: James L. Beck
  • Publication number: 20140047766
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a controlled on-demand irrigation system. In an implementation, the on-demand irrigation system includes a control device configured to control supply of an aqueous solution and semi-porous supply lines. The semi-porous supply lines have a porosity characteristic configured to be altered when acted upon by a surfactant root exudates to permit a flow of the aqueous solution therethrough. The control device is configured to cause injection of the aqueous solution upon a determination that an amount of aqueous solution within the semi-porous supply lines is below an aqueous solution threshold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2013
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: Valmont Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Jacob L. LaRue, Craig S. Malsam
  • Publication number: 20140020290
    Abstract: A watering system for providing a flora-nourishing substance to flora. The system comprises a nourishment receiving and delivery mechanism for receiving and delivering the flora nourishing substance; and at least one percolation bore disposed adjacent to the flora and at least partially filled with a material for absorbing the nourishing substance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Inventor: Itzhak Zinger
  • Publication number: 20140007501
    Abstract: This self-watering planter comprises a wick, reservoir, wick-housing running between the soil/soil substitute and the reservoir, and a tight fitting cap to maintain a vacuum seal within the reservoir. The water or liquid mixture is maintained at a constant level across the wick by the vacuum that is created. This prevents water from flowing upwards into the soil when the soil is already wet. Liquid is only drawn from the wick by osmosis when the soil is dry. Even as the water level in the reservoir drops, the water level across the wick continues to remain level until the reservoir is nearly empty, allowing the soil constant access to water until the reservoir needs refilling. Several embodiments are included. All contains these features, but some contain addition features as well as different proportions. The uses of the different embodiments are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Inventor: Arthur Francis Griebel
  • Patent number: 8621783
    Abstract: A hollow pot includes a pot unit and a connection unit. The connection unit is a hollow unit and installed to inner surface of a mold set before pressurized air is introduced in the mold set and before the mold set is closed. A probe is inserted into the mold set and blows the plastic material in the mold set. The plastic material expands and contacts against the inner surface of the mold set and seals the connection holes of the connection unit. The plastic material is extended and broken to match upon the connection holes of the connection unit. The plastic material is solidified to form the pot unit. The pot unit is air-tightly connected to the connection unit, and the conjunction area of the connection unit communicates with the space in the pot unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Inventor: Chin-Tai Tsai
  • Publication number: 20140000159
    Abstract: The present invention is a cascade water supply structure of plants, including plural aqueducts, wherein at least one aqueduct is connected to a water supply end. Besides, the porous bodies are provided in soil close to roots of the plants and the porous bodies are connected in cascade by the aqueducts. The porous bodies are collaboratively provided in a receiving unit which is installed on an outer wall of a building. By the aqueducts, water from the water supply end is guided into each porous body and is permeated into soil by the capillary action of the porous bodies, allowing soil to keep humid constantly that the plants can be grown without being watered for a long time, saving manpower and cost.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventor: Tien-Yin CHAN
  • Publication number: 20130312472
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for utilizing biomass, in which the biomass is pyrolyzed during a heat treatment process to obtain driven-out gas and remaining carbon-rich solids. It is an object of the invention to specify a method for utilizing biomass, which is based on comparatively expensive feedstocks, but in return gives products of value with unusually good properties, the proceeds of which make the process economically viable. This object is achieved firstly by using a biomass having a lignin content of 10 to 30% by weight and a water content of 5 to 25% by weight, and by virtue of a heat treatment process comprising three residence times each on a respective level of temperature, wherein the first residence time lasts between 10 and 40 minutes, particularly of 30 minutes at a temperature level between 130 and 280° C., particularly of 250° C.; the second residence time lasts between 5 and 30 minutes, particularly of 10 minutes at a temperature level between 300 and 500° C., particularly of 400° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2011
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Benjamin Brehmer, Jens Busse
  • Patent number: 8584398
    Abstract: A method for efficiently delivering an aqueous solution to plants includes positioning a distal portion of a microporous hydrophobic tubing coated with a hydrophilic polymer adjacent a root system of a plant and channeling an aqueous solution from an inlet to the distal portion through a lumen. The tubing along the distal portion has a porosity adapted for permitting a flow of the aqueous solution therethrough when acted upon by a surfactant root exudate generated by the roots due to water stress. The aqueous solution is held in a reservoir, from which it can be channeled to the hydrophilic device's inlet. A nutrient solution can also be channeled to the plant roots via additional tubing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Development Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Hyman D. Gesser, Donald R. T. LaFreniere
  • Patent number: 8584400
    Abstract: The invention provides processes for coating the surface of substrates such as a sheet, film, foam, fiber, etc., with a curable liquid resin or solution of curable resin, then in one embodiment, stably attaching a superabsorbent polymeric powder to such resin, and then curing the resin to form a coated superabsorbent product. Such substrates may include polymeric materials. Other process embodiments utilizing curable and thermoplastic resinous powders may be used instead of curable liquid resins and resulting products are included in the invention. Other embodiments involve affixing a container at least partially filled with superabsorbent polymeric powder to a substrate, placing the container proximate to the element, or affixing the container to a separate member. The products may be utilized for water and nutrient retention in combination with irrigation, erosion control, to direct plant root growth, and to clean up standing water and petroleum spills.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Inventors: Jeno Muthiah, Gerald K. White, Duane R. Rubash, William B. White
  • Patent number: 8584397
    Abstract: A plant watering system is provided that includes a control module; at least one water valve in communication with the control module; and at least one weight sensor in communication with the control module. The control module is operable in at least one embodiment at least to: receive a signal from the at least one weight sensor corresponding to a weight of a plant measured by the at least one weight sensor; store a low weight and a high weight associated with each of the at least one weight sensors; and communicate a control signal to the at least one water valve that opens the at least one water valve at the low weight and closes the at least one water valve at the high weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Inventor: James Marsh
  • Patent number: 8573544
    Abstract: An adaptive support is provided for a flexible hose sprinkler head on an elevated irrigation supply line that includes a sprinkler support body and a hanger body. The sprinkler support body has a first inter-fitting contact surface. The body is disposed to support a downwardly extending flexible sprinkler hose. The hanger body has a second inter-fitting contact surface configured to mate with the first inter-fitting contact surface. The hanger body is disposed to support the sprinkler body at an elevated position. A method is also provided for changing elevation of a sprinkler head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Inventor: Dale Shelton
  • Publication number: 20130269247
    Abstract: This invention is related to device, its production process and also to the usage of the trbe shaped device (1) filled with a liquid means (6) for the plats nutrition/protection, which is inserted into the substrate (8) as much as closer to the main plant, where discharge occurs. Novelty is reflected in the way of forming and removing the shutters now obtained by heating wax, resin, plastic, rubber, hot-melt glues and compounds of similar characteristics, upon whit they become a liquid mass in which the openings of the tube are to be immersed; in this way, the film, after being hardened, forms the membrane (3a, 3b) which, due to the pressure to the sides of the tube (1), out-breaks; unlike of classic shutters which makes production and usage more complicated and makes some waste after being used.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2011
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventor: Marko Kostic
  • Patent number: 8555547
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a plant cultivating unit that can perform a watering operation in a simple manner and can supply water uniformly to plants in locations where a floor surface is sloped, such as the rooftop of a building, without requiring separate water supply piping work. A plant cultivating unit (1) comprises a water storage tray (2) in which water can be stored and in which receivers (3) for housing the roots of plants can be arranged in an interior thereof, a water storage space (8) in the water storage tray (2) and the receivers (3) being communicated via water feeders (7), and the water stored in the water storage space (8) being able to be supplied to the plants via the water feeders (7).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Suntory Holdings Limited
    Inventors: Masaki Hashimoto, Katsuro Miyagawa, Masayuki Saito
  • Publication number: 20130263502
    Abstract: A formulation for preparing a hydrogel for watering plants includes carboxymethyl cellulose and a dispersant. The dispersant disperses the carboxymethyl cellulose on addition of water thereby preventing formation of aggregates. The dispersant can be vermiculite, perlite, pectin, maltodextrin, guar gum, xanthan gum, or seaweed extract. A hydrogel for watering plants can be prepared by adding water to the formulation and mixing, and a method of forming the hydrogel is described. A pouch for watering plants contains the formulation and, when opened, water is added to form the hydrogel. A pot containing a plant in a plant-supporting matrix is placed in the pouch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2013
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Inventor: Malcolm O'Shea
  • Patent number: 8533995
    Abstract: The automatic watering device for plants is placed in the soil of a potted plant. A float is housed in an outer chamber. The float has a ferrous metal contact at each end, with and the chamber has magnets at each end. The chamber top has a water inlet. The upper end of the float has a shutoff valve. The lower end of the chamber has a calibrated orifice for water dispensing. A water supply is connected to the chamber inlet. The water eventually provides sufficient buoyancy to the float to release it from its lower magnet and rise for attachment to the upper magnet, thereby shutting off the water inflow. Water continues to seep from the lower orifice until the level drops within the chamber to a point sufficient to cause the float to to drop from its upper magnet, allowing the water to again flow into the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Inventor: Fawzi Q. M. A. O. A. Behbehani
  • Patent number: 8533992
    Abstract: A system and method of aeroponic farming includes depositing seeds in a flat containing micro-fleece cloth and placing the flat within a growth chamber. The upper side of the flat is subjected to light of the proper frequencies to promote growth in plants. A nutrient solution is sprayed onto the micro-fleece cloth and the developing root mass of the plants, while controlling temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide within the growth chamber. The plants are harvested resulting from the seeds at a desired stage of growth. The growth chambers can be stacked on each other and/or located side by side to save space within a facility, and to permit sharing the subsystems which control the nutrient solution, temperature, humidity, and carbon dioxide for the growth chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Inventor: Edward D. Harwood
  • Patent number: 8528834
    Abstract: A system for automating the growing of crops, such as grapevines. Combinations of data from sensors local to a vineyard, and from optional remote stations and sensors, is combined with a control system to accurately control the dispensing of water and chemicals such as insecticides, disease prevention fungicides and fertilizers. The materials are dispensed through a multiple channel conduit which allows conflicting, or incompatible, types of materials to be transported through a common assembly. Sensors are attached to the conduit so that the placement of sensors can occur simultaneously with the laying of the conduit. This approach also ensures correct placement and spacing of the sensors with respect to each plant, or plant area, to be monitored and treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Inventor: Paul W. Skinner
  • Patent number: 8523121
    Abstract: A sprinkler elevating apparatus is provided for use on an irrigation device. The sprinkler elevating apparatus includes a sprinkler support body and a midline hose coupling body. The sprinkler support body is configured to support the sprinkler at an elevated position relative to the irrigation device. The midline hose coupling body is carried by the sprinkler support body. The midline hose coupling body has a contact portion configured to affix to a midline section of a flexible hose drop of the irrigation device. A method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Inventor: Dale Shelton
  • Publication number: 20130219786
    Abstract: A deep root watering unit is described herein that includes an elongated hollow sleeve member and a grate-retaining housing mounted at an upper end of the sleeve member. A cap configured as a grate can be attached to the top portion of the housing. The deep root watering unit is advantageously configured to facilitate insertion and removal of the cap, irrigation adjacent to the housing, and/or distribution of fluid to adjacent irrigation devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Inventor: Steven David Geerligs
  • Publication number: 20130212939
    Abstract: An automate water permeating arrangement includes a water reservoir reserving a predetermined amount of water and a plurality of water permeating elements. Each of the water permeating elements has a water guiding end extended from the water reservoir and a water permeating end being selectively submerged into a particular area of a pot cavity of a plant container under a top surface level of a soil, wherein the water permeating elements are adapted for guiding the water from the water reservoir to the particular areas of the pot cavity and for gradually permeating the water at the water permeating ends of the water permeating elements so as to maintain and control a moisture level of the soil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventor: Ai Li