Grafting Patents (Class 47/6)
  • Patent number: 9179604
    Abstract: A whip and tongue grafting device may include a slanting cut tool including a guide to position stem for receiving a slanting cut, and including a cutting device for making the slanting cut. The device may also include a whip cut tool including a guide to position a stem for receiving a tongue cut, and including a cutting device for making the whip cut. The device may also include other guides for producing other required cuts to the stem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Inventor: Ian William Adams
  • Patent number: 9149010
    Abstract: A tree harvester includes a body and a harvesting system coupled to the body. The tree harvester further includes a control system coupled to the body. The control system is configured to receive data from the harvesting system regarding a characteristic of a harvested tree and control operation of the harvesting system based on the data. The harvesting system is configured to remove an intermediate portion of the harvested tree below a tree crown and graft the tree crown to a tree stump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: ELWHA LLC
    Inventors: Roderick A. Hyde, Muriel Y. Ishikawa, Robert C. Petroski, David B. Tuckerman, Thomas A. Weaver, Victoria Y. H. Wood, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9107353
    Abstract: A time saving snap on cloning mold for use in cloning a plant by air layering. The mold has a reservoir for storing liquid to keep the rooting medium in the air layer moist by wicking of the liquid throughout a long period of root development. The cloning mold quickly snaps on the branch that is being air layered. The reservoir is effective when the mold is used on both branches that are growing with an upward tilt and those growing with a downward tilt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Inventor: Charles Albert Overbey
  • Publication number: 20140250547
    Abstract: Methods of expressing a molecule of interest in a plant are disclosed. One method comprises contacting roots of the plant in a solution comprising at least one Geminivirus based expression construct so as to allow the at least one Geminivirus based expression construct to be absorbed by the roots, the expression construct comprising a polynucleotide encoding the molecule of interest, and further the expression construct being capable of systemic symptomless spread in a plant host, thereby expressing a molecule of interest in a plant. Expression constructs capable of systemic symptomless spread in a host plant are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicants: Yissum Research Development Company of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Ltd., Morflora Israel Ltd.
    Inventors: Ilan SELA, Yuval Peretz, Rita Mozes-Koch
  • Patent number: 8772582
    Abstract: The invention provides methods for producing seeds in watermelon. In one embodiment methods are provided comprising grafting of a seed parent onto a stress tolerant rootstock, pollinating the seed parent with pollen from a pollen donor, and cultivating the seed parent until seed is formed. In specific embodiments, triploid seeds produced by a method of the invention are rendered conspicuously distinguishable from tetraploid seeds, and thus readily selected manually or by an automated machine. Methods for increasing seed yield and/or quality are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc.
    Inventors: Benito Juarez, Terry Walker, Fred McCuistion, Greg Tolla
  • Patent number: 8752331
    Abstract: An air rooting shell comprises a first shell half mateable with a second shell half to form a shell for enclosing around a branch. The shell comprises a reservoir for containing planting medium and an upper lipped opening that receives the branch and collects and funnels water to the reservoir. A bottom opening is provided through which the lower portion of the branch may exit. Side openings on the shell may be used to enclose a branch in a horizontal orientation, while the upper lipped opening remains vertically oriented to receive water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Inventor: Hong Ku Park
  • Publication number: 20140157661
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of neutral anolyte for decontaminating grape vine wood.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: Financiere Mercier
    Inventors: Miguel Mercier, Olivier Zekri
  • Publication number: 20140109472
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates, according to some embodiments, to pathogen resistant citrus compositions, organisms, systems, and methods. For example, a composition may comprise a peptide (e.g., a defensin peptide) and/or a nucleic acid (e.g., a defensin nucleic acid). A pathogen resistant citrus plant may comprise, in some embodiments, a defensin peptide and/or an expressable nucleic acid encoding a defensin peptide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
    Inventors: T. Erik MIRKOV, Javier GONZALEZ-RAMOS
  • Publication number: 20140109471
    Abstract: A plant graft production line for automatically grafting a rootstock and a scion si disclosed. The aforesaid plant graft production line comprises (a) a closed-loop conveyor; (b) at least one grafting assembly arranged for transporting along said conveyor; the assembly further comprises a rootstock holder for holding the rootstock and a scion holder for holding the scion; the holders arranged for at least partially superimposing said rootstock and scion; (c) stationary cutting mechanism for cutting exposed rootstock surface; (d) a stationary cutting mechanism for cutting a exposed scion surface to be; (e) stationary clipping mechanism for clipping the superimposed rootstock and scion together. It is a core feature of the invention to provide the rootstock holder arranged so as to provide a curvilinear plane along which said rootstock is conformed thereby presenting a curved cutting target for the cutting mechanism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 3, 2012
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: HISHTIL LTD
    Inventor: Ofir Luk
  • Publication number: 20140096292
    Abstract: The invention provides methods of inhibiting the growth of a shoot apical meristem of a cucurbit rootstock plant, comprising contacting a shoot apical meristem of the cucurbit rootstock plant with an effective amount of a composition comprising one or more fatty alcohols, thereby inhibiting the growth of the shoot apical meristem of the cucurbit rootstock plant. The present invention further provides methods for preparing and producing cucurbit rootstock plants for grafting and methods for grafting. Additionally provided are cucurbit rootstock plants and plant parts and grafted cucurbit plants produced by the methods of the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicants: Clemson University, Syngenta Participations AG
    Inventors: Richard Hassell, James Brusca, Xingping Zhang, Shawna Daley
  • Publication number: 20140053460
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a graft element for joining together plant stem sections. The graft element is made of a resilient material and takes the form of a tubular structure having a hollow center that extends in a longitudinal direction so as to form a cylinder. The graft element further comprises a side opening along its length and two elongated members. The side opening is connected to the hollow center over the entire length of the graft element. The two elongated members are located at opposite sides of the side opening and oriented substantially parallel thereto. The elongated members are provided with cutouts for receiving a gripping unit. The invention further relates to systems and methods for joining plant stem sections using the graft element. Finally, the invention relates to a system and a method for preparing the graft element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2013
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: IG Specials B.V.
    Inventors: Wim STRUIJK, Wim VAN DER EL, Dirk Jan DE KONING, Willem Nicolaas SCHOUTEN
  • Publication number: 20130312139
    Abstract: The invention provides methods of inhibiting the growth of a shoot apical meristem of a cucurbit rootstock plant, comprising contacting a shoot apical meristem of the cucurbit rootstock plant with an effective amount of a composition comprising one or more fatty alcohols, thereby inhibiting the growth of the shoot apical meristem of the cucurbit rootstock plant. The present invention further provides methods for preparing and producing cucurbit rootstock plants for grafting and methods for grafting. Additionally provided are cucurbit rootstock plants and plant parts and grafted cucurbit plants produced by the methods of the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicants: Clemson University, Syngenta Participations AG
    Inventors: Richard Hassell, James Brusca, Xingping Zhang, Shawna Daley
  • Publication number: 20130298273
    Abstract: The invention relates to the field of watermelon grafting. In particular, double grafted watermelon seedlings and plants are provided and methods for producing such double grafted seedlings and plants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: NUNHEMS B.V.
    Inventors: Yen Ming Chang, Francisco Javier López Fernández
  • Patent number: 8381433
    Abstract: A grafted seedling producing device including a stock seedling holding unit that holds and conveys a stock seedling, a stock cutting unit that cuts the stock seedling held by the stock seedling holding unit, and a joining unit that joins the stock seedling conveyed by the stock seedling holding unit and a scion seedling, the stock cutting unit including a stock cutter unit that includes a stock blade for cutting the stock seedling by a predetermined stock cutter trajectory, the stock seedling holding unit holding an embryonic stem of a seedling for grafting at a predetermined position on the stock cutter trajectory in a vertical posture, the grafted seedling producing device includes: a supporting unit configured to retract the stock cutter unit from an advance position for cutting in proximity to the stock seedling holding unit; and a stock pressing member that presses and fixes a portion ahead of a cutting position of the embryonic stem from a seedling holding position against the stock seedling holding uni
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: Iseki & Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takahiro Okoshi
  • Patent number: 8314701
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the traceability of plants after field planting and during the whole productive and commercial cycle, by means of the RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) Tags technology, comprising: 1) marking of the plants by the grafting of radio-frequency microchips containing information relating to the plant it-self, directly in the trunk or other parts of the plant or by means of external systems; 2) handling and display of the traceability data by means of a suitable software system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: Metapontum Agrobios S.r.l.
    Inventors: Pasquale Domenico Grieco, Gianpiero Vigo
  • Patent number: 8212118
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel watermelon variety designated SP-6, and method for pollinating seedless watermelon plants. The present invention also provides methods for producing triploid, seedless watermelon fruit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Syngenta Participations AG
    Inventors: James Brusca, Xingping Zhang
  • Patent number: 8186099
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing propagating material, in particular whole plants, to be used in tree cultivations of double trunk type and the obtained material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Societa' Agricola Vivai Mazzoni Societa Semplice
    Inventors: Michelangelo Leis, Carlo Mazzola
  • Publication number: 20120073190
    Abstract: A whip and tongue grafting device may include a slanting cut tool including a guide to position stem for receiving a slanting cut, and including a cutting device for making the slanting cut. The device may also include a whip cut tool including a guide to position a stem for receiving a tongue cut, and including a cutting device for making the whip cut. The device may also include other guides for producing other required cuts to the stem.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Publication date: March 29, 2012
    Inventor: Ian William Adams
  • Publication number: 20110258732
    Abstract: The present invention relates to tomato plants that are resistant to pathogenic plants of the Orobanchaceae family, to methods for producing said plants and to the use thereof. The invention further relates to a method of controlling parasitic plants of the Orobanchaceae family, particularly O. aegyptiaca, in tomato crops and for securing tomato fruit production.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2009
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Inventors: Joseph Hershenhorn, Evgenia Dor, Yoram Kapulnik, Samdar Goldar Weininger, Bruria Ben Dor
  • Publication number: 20110247099
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods for the regeneration and Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of plants in the genera of Jatropha, more specifically, in Jatropha curcas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2009
    Publication date: October 6, 2011
    Applicant: TEMASEK LIFE SCIENCES LABORATORY LIMITED
    Inventors: Hui Zhu Mao, Jian Ye, Nam Hai Chua
  • Publication number: 20110154730
    Abstract: A grafted seedling producing device including a stock seedling holding unit that holds and conveys a stock seedling, a stock cutting unit that cuts the stock seedling held by the stock seedling holding unit, and a joining unit that joins the stock seedling conveyed by the stock seedling holding unit and a scion seedling, the stock cutting unit including a stock cutter unit that includes a stock blade for cutting the stock seedling by a predetermined stock cutter trajectory, the stock seedling holding unit holding an embryonic stem of a seedling for grafting at a predetermined position on the stock cutter trajectory in a vertical posture, the grafted seedling producing device includes: a supporting unit configured to retract the stock cutter unit from an advance position for cutting in proximity to the stock seedling holding unit; and a stock pressing member that presses and fixes a portion ahead of a cutting position of the embryonic stem from a seedling holding position against the stock seedling holding uni
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Applicant: ISEKI & CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Takahiro Okoshi
  • Publication number: 20110154543
    Abstract: Provided herein is a method of cultivating a grafted cactus (Gymnocalycium mihanovichii) cultivar “Yellow Top” including the steps of: a) selecting a cross combination between “GG02451” and “GG205736”; b) crossing the combination, harvesting cactus fruits after a mature stage has been passed, disinfecting the cactus fruits, selecting and sterilizing seeds contained in the cactus fruits, and sowing the seeds; c) obtaining germinated seedlings; d) selecting only colored seedlings from the germinated seedlings; e) first-grafting the selected colored seedlings onto small virus-free Hylocereus trigonus in test tubes; and f) covering light-shielding film on the cultured seedlings to harden the seedlings and secondarily grafting only the seedlings onto Hylocereus trigonus.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: GYEONGGI-DO
    Inventor: Chang-Hui JO
  • Publication number: 20110126453
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the production of somatic embryos from poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) plant tissue. Furthermore, the present invention discloses subject matter that relates to poinsettia plants, particularly to non-chimeric poinsettia plants, and to a method of producing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2009
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Inventors: Reiner Hunold, Katharina Zerr
  • Publication number: 20110005127
    Abstract: Material is mechanically removed from the cut-out extremities of the graft holder (1) and graft (13) by a tool fitted with two parallel milling cutters (3, 4) of different thickness, in which the inner face of the milling cutter of smaller thickness (3) lies in the plane passed by the longitudinal central axis (X-X) of the graft holder and of the graft, so as to create two matching longitudinal hollow seats (5, 6) and longitudinal extensions (14, 15), where the extensions of one portion end up being exactly capable of interpenetrating the hollow seats of the other portion, and the longitudinal central axes (X-X) of the graft holder and of the graft turn out to be coincident.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Inventors: Leandro Fornasier, Ida Fornasier
  • Publication number: 20100212557
    Abstract: A fruit tree bonsai planting method includes primarily grafting a scion with a stock by an inarching method, with an inarched location being fastened tightly by a tape. A lower part of the scion is cut off when the inarched location is healed and then the stock is transplanted to a pot with fertile soil for fixing, thereby forming a fruit tree bonsai having an indoor decorative condition and edible fruits.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2010
    Publication date: August 26, 2010
    Inventor: Chung-Peng Tien
  • Publication number: 20100017911
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are viral vectors suitable for transfection into woody trees for purposes of delivering and expressing beneficial genes with increased stability. Specifically exemplified herein are vectors for transfecting citrus trees. The vectors allow for the expression of useful proteins, such as those that can protect the tree from disease.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2008
    Publication date: January 21, 2010
    Inventors: William O. Dawson, Svetlana y. Folimonova, Alexey S. Folimonov
  • Publication number: 20090277081
    Abstract: An apparatus and method cultivate trees by preventing freezing and frost damage and inhibiting root stalk sprouts. The apparatus is a frustoconical cover that rests on the ground to cover the root ball of the tree. The stalk and leaves are extended from a hole in the frustum. Water such as mist is injectable within the cover to prevent cold and frost damage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2009
    Publication date: November 12, 2009
    Inventor: John G. Georges
  • Patent number: 7614182
    Abstract: A method for separating a lump piece of rosette plants. The method includes the steps of gripping a rosette plant and positioning it parallel to a longitudinal axis of an elongated holder which has a longitudinal opening at least along the longitudinal axis; introducing a part of the lump piece of the rosette plant into the holder via the mentioned longitudinal opening; cutting off the lump piece along a cutting plane parallel to the longitudinal axis, while closing the longitudinal opening, such that the introduced part of the lump piece is enclosed in the holder; and removing the enclosed cut-off part of the lump piece from the holder. The method includes the further step of cutting off a part of the rosette plant enclosed in the holder along a second cutting plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegeast- Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek TNO
    Inventors: Michiel Peter Oderwald, Justus Laurens Herder, Roland André Pieter Higler
  • Patent number: 7328532
    Abstract: A method of shaping a portion of a woody plant into a desired form is provided. The method is effected by providing a root of a woody plant, shaping the root into the desired form and culturing the root under conditions suitable for secondary thickening of the root.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2008
    Inventor: Ezekiel Golan
  • Patent number: 6918205
    Abstract: A method of cutting a stem to be whip grafted, comprising: securing the stem in a bore of a hand-held grafting tool that includes an angled end, with a portion of the stem extending out from the angled end; drawing a knife across a face of the angled end to thereby cut the stem; and removing the cut stem from the grafting tool. In one respect the hand-held grafting tool comprises a housing having a bore and at least one angled end, a holding member, and moveable connectors attached to the holding member, wherein the moveable connectors protrude through and bisect the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Inventor: Thomas Sowinski
  • Patent number: 6901696
    Abstract: A grafting method comprises the steps of, first preparing a stool by right transverse cuts through a limb or trunk, meaning that the limb or trunk of a tree or shrub is cut at essentially right angles. Root and scion stocks are grafted to the stool using the well known bark grafting technique. The stool is then placed into a rooting medium with the grafted root stock immersed in the medium. Appropriate heat and water is made available to ensure that the root stock is established and that sufficient nutrients and moisture is conducted to the scion stock through the stool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Inventor: Roy Henry Wiersma
  • Publication number: 20040268450
    Abstract: Commercially available rose saplings have been conventionally grafted a rose scion on a wild rose stock, however shoots grown from a single wild rose rootstock are effectively used to graft many kinds of roses so as to bloom various flowers. The invention provides a method of grafting many kinds of roses on a single wild rose stock to bloom various flowers by paying attention to lateral buds formed on one or several shoots grown from a wild rose rootstock and grafting many kinds of perpetual rose scions on each notched opening with a lateral bud, which makes it possible to enjoy roses planted in a pot even in a small space, and rose saplings thus produced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Publication date: December 30, 2004
    Inventor: Tadao Kanda
  • Patent number: 6574916
    Abstract: A plant grafting system comprises a cutter assembly. The cutter assembly has a pair of V-shaped upper razors and a pair of V-shaped lower razors. A holder/insertion assembly is provided. The holder/insertion assembly is laterally spaced from the cutter assembly. The holder/insertion assembly has blocks and clamps for retaining the lower portion of an upper plant and the upper portion of a lower plant with respect to the razors. Next provided is a first drive to move the cutter assembly and razors for cutting a V-shaped recess in the upper portion of the lower plant and a V-shaped projection in the lower portion of the upper plant. Further provided is a second drive. The second drive causes relative movement between the V-shaped projection and the V-shaped recess to cause frictional contact there between.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2003
    Inventor: Harmon Carroll
  • Patent number: 6515200
    Abstract: A new plant was created as an interspecific hybrid of the genus Euphorbia. The plant was created by the rescue of an embryo resulting from the cross-pollination of a cultivated Poinsettia, Euphorbia pulcherrima, with a seedling of the uncultivated Euphorbia cornastra. The new interspecific hybrid plant was found have unique traits that differed from either parent. The plant exhibited colorful flower bracts indicating desirable characteristics for ornamental use. In addition to providing the interspecific hybrid plant and parts thereof, the invention provides methods for making the same as well methods for creating interspecific hybrid plants having altered growth characteristics and the plants created thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: Paul Ecke Ranch, Inc.
    Inventor: Ruth Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 6395963
    Abstract: Nematode-inducible promoter sequences are disclosed. These sequences can be used for expressing DNA sequences in plant cells. Chimeric DNA constructs comprising the nematode-inducible promoter sequences operably linked to DNA to be expressed in plant cells are also disclosed. Plants comprising the chimeric DNA are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2002
    Assignee: Zeneca Limited
    Inventors: Stephan Andreas Ohl, Peter Christiaan Sijmons, Frédérique Marianne Klein-Van der Lee, Oscar Goddijn, Joke Klap
  • Patent number: 6262344
    Abstract: An isolated DNA fragment that promotes root knot or cyst nematode indcuible transcription of a coding sequence downstream of and operably linked to the fragment in at least an Arabidopsis thaliana plant and a chimeric DNA sequence including the DNA fragment. Also, methods for the use of the DNA fragment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: Syngenta Mogen B.V.
    Inventors: Stephan Andreas Ohl, Peter Christiaan Sijmons, Frederique Marianne Van Der Lee, Oscar Johannes Maria Goddijn, Joke Johanna Catharina Klap
  • Patent number: 6148560
    Abstract: A grafting system for cutting the end of a plant material includes a frame for holding the plant material and a blade assembly mounted to the frame. The blade assembly includes a blade that is movable at an angle oblique to the longitudinal axis of the plant material into cutting engagement with the plant material. The system also includes an actuating system for moving the blade into cutting engagement with the plant material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Vinifera, Inc.
    Inventors: Randall H. Hagen, Wesley Scott Allen, Richard Randall Johnson, Allen Wayne Fadenrecht, James Philip Hopkins, Patrick Ryan Ebert
  • Patent number: 6103694
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of engrafting donor mammalian hematopoietic pluripotent cells in a mammalian recipient using a decreased amount of radiation, comprising: (a) administering to the recipient at least one dosage of a hematopoietic growth factor; (b) subjecting the recipient to a low dosage of radiation; and (c) transplanting the donor hematopoietic pluripotent cells into the recipient, thereby engrafting the donor mammalian hematopoietic pluripotent cells in the mammalian recipient using a decreased amount of radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Health and Human Services
    Inventors: Michael Mardiney, III, Harry L. Malech
  • Patent number: 6016626
    Abstract: A machine for the surface treatment of long, narrow objects, more particularly vine shoots, with the following features:a frame fixture (3), that defines the direction of motion (32);at least one conveyor module (4), that has at least one pair of conveyor rollers (14), with a conveyance channel between them, and that is arranged with these along the axis of motion (32);at least two brushes (20, 20a) that define a processing channel that runs along the axis of motion (32).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2000
    Inventors: Peter Auer, Martin Auer
  • Patent number: 5846661
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a film (A) consisting of a mixture comprising at least one polyamide and at least one polyolefin, the said film being placed on agricultural land into which a fumigant is injected. According to a first variant, the invention also relates to a film comprising the above layer (A) and a layer (B) consisting essentially of a polyolefin. According to a second variant, the invention also relates to a film comprising the above layer (A) placed between two layers (B). A coextrusion binder may optionally be placed between the layers (A) and (B) in the two variants. The invention also relates to a process for the treatment of soils by fumigation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Elf Atochem S.A.
    Inventors: Dominique Basset, Marie-Pierre Corbic-Bellinger, Bruno Echalier
  • Patent number: 5832662
    Abstract: A grafting film is provided which is formed of a film of a polyalkylene polymer having a self-adhesive property and an elastic memory which causes the film when stretched around a scion and rootstock graft union to gradually contract around the graft union and apply an increasing amount of pressure circumferentially around the graft union. The film also has oxygen and CO.sub.2 permeability properties which cause a gas volume isolated by the film adjacent the graft union to have a higher CO.sub.2 concentration and a lower oxygen concentration relative to the ambient environment around the plant. The film preferably has at least 12% oxygen permeability and less than 3% CO.sub.2 retention. The film is preferably less than about 60 .mu.m thick and more preferably less than about 50 .mu.m thick.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Duarte Nursery Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander P. Tereshchenko, Jeffrey Duarte
  • Patent number: 5832661
    Abstract: A grafting film is provided which is formed of a film of a polyalkylene polymer having a self-adhesive property and an elastic memory which causes the film when stretched around a scion and rootstock graft union to gradually contract around the graft union and apply an increasing amount of pressure circumferentially around the graft union. The film also has oxygen and CO.sub.2 permeability properties which cause a gas volume isolated by the film adjacent the graft union to have a higher CO.sub.2 concentration and a lower oxygen concentration relative to the ambient environment around the plant. The film preferably has at least 12% oxygen permeability and less than 2% CO.sub.2 retention. The film is preferably less than about 60 .mu.m thick and more preferably less than about 50 .mu.m thick.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Duarte Nursery Inc.
    Inventors: Alexander P. Tereshchenko, Jeffrey Duarte
  • Patent number: 5813167
    Abstract: Grafting a scion on a stock is effected by opening a chuck and inserting bar-like members in a storage chamber successively into the chuck with the front end of such bar-like members protruding out of a front end hole 5D, 105D, closing the chuck 4, 104 to thereby hold the bar-like member 2, inserting the front end of the protruding bar-like member 2 into a graft joint end of the stock, separating the grafting device from the bar-like member, and inserting the other end of the bar-like member into a graft joint end of the scion so as to abut the graft joint ends of the stock and scion against each other. The bar-like member can be simply and rapidly inserted into the stock, so that abutment between the stock and scion can be effected with extreme ease.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1998
    Assignees: Takii Shubyo Kabushiki Kaisha, T.S. Plant Science Institute Co., Ltd., Dai-Ichi Ceramo Ltd.
    Inventors: Seiji Hoshino, Takeo Tsujimoto, Takamitsu Ohtani
  • Patent number: 5771633
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing potato tubers comprising grafting a potato plant as a scion on a solanaceous plant as a stock and culturing the resultant graft plant by hydroponics to thereby form tubers on the aerial part of the graft plant. By the method of the invention, decrease in the ratio of disease infection in tubers as well as reduction of working hours and work intensity are intended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Japan Tobacco Inc.
    Inventor: Ichiro Oka
  • Patent number: 5712164
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for reducing contamination of in vitro cultures. In particular, this invention relates to a method for reducing contamination of in vitro cultures of woody plant mature shoot material and shoot material of outdoor origin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 27, 1998
    Assignee: Westvaco Corporation
    Inventor: Jay Eric Coke
  • Patent number: 5524386
    Abstract: A grafting method for uniting a scion to a stock includes forming conical projection on either a lower portion of a scion or an upper portion of a stock, forming a conical recess on either a lower portion of a scion or an upper portion of a stock, and joining the conical projection in the conical recess to unite the scion to the stock. A grafting apparatus includes a holder for holding either a scion or a stock, a die member having a conical hole into which either a scion or a stock is inserted, a cutting blade member arranged and movable along a generatrix of the conical hole, a ultrasonic drive device for moving the cutting blade member upward and downward at a ultrasonic high speed, a rotating drive device for rendering a relative rotation between the holder and the cutting blade member, and an elevating drive device for rendering a relative movement between the holder and the die member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1996
    Assignees: Iwatani Sangyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Nouji Kumiai Houjin Mikuni Baio Noujou
    Inventors: Nobuo Honami, Haruhiko Murase, Yoshifumi Nishiura, Tomoaki Taira, Fumio Kobayashi, Yoshio Yasukuri, Hiroshi Takigawa, Osamu Kurokoshi
  • Patent number: 5444938
    Abstract: Device for Vee-grafting, especially for hard-and-stone-fruit trees, with an angled knife (8) for cutting a groove (K) in the stock (10) arranged to move in an outer part (2), formed as a guide space by means of a toggle lever (31, 32, 33), which is inclined in relation to the axis of the stock, characterized in that there is an inner part (3) moveable inside the outer part (2) in the forward region (3') or front end of which is fitted the knife (8) and in the rear region (3") of which there is an aperture (7) for the scion (12) and where the outer part (2) has an aperture (4) in its forward region (2') for the stock (10) and in its rear region (2") an aperture (5) which can be caused to coincide with the aperture (7) in the inner part (3) and has an angled knife (6) at the forward edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: Proglas Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H. & Co. KG
    Inventor: Siegfried Pissenberger
  • Patent number: 5414958
    Abstract: A grafting method for uniting a scion to a stock includes forming a conical projection on either a lower portion of a scion or an upper portion of a stock, forming a conical recess on either a lower portion of a scion or an upper portion of a stock, and joining the conical projection in the conical recess to unite the scion to the stock. A grafting apparatus includes a holder for holding either a scion or a stock, a die member having a conical hole into which either a scion or a stock is inserted, a cutting blade member arranged and movable along a generatrix of the conical hole, a ultrasonic drive device for moving the cutting blade member upward and downward at a ultrasonic high speed, a rotating drive device for rendering a relative rotation between the holder and the cutting blade member, and an elevating drive device for rendering a relative movement between the holder and the die member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignees: Iwatani Sangyo Kabushiki Kaisha, Nouji Kumiai Houjin Mikuni Baio Noujou
    Inventors: Nobuo Honami, Haruhiko Murase, Yoshifumi Nishiura, Tomoaki Taira, Fumio Kobayashi, Yoshio Yasukuri, Hiroshi Takigawa, Osamu Kurokoshi
  • Patent number: 5209011
    Abstract: There is disclosed an immature plant grafting apparatus capable of seizing en bloc a plurality of saplings raised in array irrespective of a scatter in diameters of stems without requiring hand works and damaging the saplings and of grafting the saplings at a remarkably high efficiency but at low costs. The grafting apparatus has a plurality of induction plates (9a and 9b) formed with a plurality of induction grooves (10) open to seizing surfaces, corresponding to the number of saplings (3a and 3b) to be seized and their positions, induction plates so attached to upper and lower surfaces of one of a pair of seizing devices (4 and 5) as to protrude from the seizing surfaces, and buffer members (13) projecting from the seizing surfaces of the other seizing device so that each buffer member is fitted in between the pair of induction plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 11, 1993
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho
    Inventors: Tatsuya Mori, Masahiro Cei, Shigeru Honda, Hitoshi Uemura, Chikaya Sakai, Ruriko Oda, Chiyoko Shimada, Yusaku Sekino
  • Patent number: 5099600
    Abstract: A technique and equipment for grafting are disclosed. The technique involves forming a wedge on a scion, forming a cleft or side cut in rootstock, forming a union with the scion and rootstock, binding the union with budding strips, and coating the wrapped union with liquid paraffin wax. Clothespin type clamps are advantageously employed to releasably close the cleft, prior to forming the union, and for securing the union during binding. Grafting tools are provided in a grafting tool kit and include a knife, budding strips, paraffin wax, a brush, a metal cup, hand pruners, whet rocks and honing oil, alcohol and paper towels, and clothespins. The paraffin wax is applied to the bound union in a clear liquid state at 175.degree.-200.degree. F., and preferably at an ambient temperature of at least 38.degree. F. and less than 15 mph winds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Assignee: Champion International Corporation
    Inventors: Willie D. Crawford, Bill Jacobs