Monolythic Patents (Class 47/87)
  • Patent number: 9114908
    Abstract: A packing box (1, 2) with a bottom wall (15) and adjoining side and end walls (3-8) and at least one closure lid (9, 10) is provided. Several roughly identical packing boxes (1, 2) may be joined to each other at their mutually adjacent side walls (4, 5) and may swivel about a breakable film hinge (17) and at least one breakable connection cam (14) spanning the film hinge which is arranged between the mutually adjoining side walls (4, 5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Inventor: Peter Roesler
  • Publication number: 20140165467
    Abstract: A plant pot tray having receptacles configured to receive pots of various sizes, with the receptacles including a side wall portion, a base wall portion, and one or more tabs with a longitudinal hinge portion connecting the tab to the side wall portion. The tabs each extend inwardly toward an interior of the receptacle with the tab configured to pivot along the longitudinal hinge portion whereby the tab is able to pivot upon insertion of a plant pot into a receptacle with the tab providing a biasing force against the plant pot to aid in retention of the plant pot in the tray and accommodate differently sized pots.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: EAST JORDAN PLASTICS, INC.
    Inventors: Shawn DeYoung, Mark Lercel, Nathan Diller
  • Patent number: 8707620
    Abstract: A seedling tray includes a top body member constructed of a rigid solid plastic material having a plurality of planting cells formed in an upper surface with each of the cells converging downwardly and inwardly to define an opening at the bottom thereof. A plurality of air chambers are formed between adjacent ones of the cells which are closed at the bottom by a bottom plate member constructed of a rigid plastic material which is fixedly attached to the body member and which has openings therein corresponding in number and alignment with the openings of the bottoms of the cells which are sealingly engaged with the openings in the bottom plate member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Buckhorn, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel R. Miller, Jose Alessio Panosso
  • Patent number: 8627599
    Abstract: A planting pot system is provided. In the system, a multi-compartment tray that contains compartments that have either no vertical planes of symmetry or only one vertical plane of symmetry causes pots that have either one vertical plane of symmetry or no vertical planes of symmetry to be limited or precluded from being rotated and consistently urged into a place in only one orientation. Through this system efficient and effective orienting of and displaying of the contents of the pots may be achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Costa Farms, LLC
    Inventors: Lawrence J. Contillo, III, Charles F. Zala, Fabian Eduardo Saenz
  • Publication number: 20130305602
    Abstract: Provided is a raised-bed gardening container, including a base, a feeding tube, and a cover frame. The base may include a bottom edge; a top rim at least 36 inches above the bottom edge; an exterior sidewall extending between the bottom edge and the top rim; an interior sidewall extending from the top rim to a bottom interior, the interior sidewall and bottom interior defining an interior volume for containing a gardening media, the interior volume having a diameter of greater than approximately four feet; a feeding tube support generally centrally disposed in the base; and a gardener passage extending to the feeding tube support and having a width configured to allow a gardener to walk through the gardener passage to the feeding tube support.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Inventor: Rick E. Schroeder
  • Publication number: 20130160360
    Abstract: Exemplary sprouters may provide automatic water level adjustment for soaking seeds and growing sprouts from those seeds in trays formed from a hydrophobic material and with holes in the bottom surface of the tray sized such that the surface tension of pure water and the hydrophobic properties of the tray material resists passage of the pure water through the holes. The automatically adjusting may be facilitated by germinating seeds soaking in water changing the surface tension of the soaking water and reducing the resistance to passage through the holes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Inventor: Dustin W. Palmer
  • Patent number: 8443547
    Abstract: An assembly in use forming a tray for plant material includes a holder; and at least one insert which can be respectively placed in and removed from the holder. The insert includes at least one cell defining a plant position. The cell includes at least a wall and a bottom for accommodating content in the cell during use of the assembly. The at least one wall substantially encloses the plant position. The wall and/or bottom comprises an opening through which access is provided with means for removing the content of the cell, such as a pusher or a ram.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Visser's-Gravendeel Holding B.V.
    Inventors: Anthony Visser, Cornelis Frans Taco Visser
  • Publication number: 20130031835
    Abstract: A planting structure includes at least one ridge (1) and at least one furrow (2) connected together. The furrow (2) is filled with organic materials, the density of which is less than that of the ridge (1). A planting method is also provided. Said planting structure and method can condition soil, and increase the growth amount of the wild and cultivated plants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Applicants: LANZHOU JINFULE BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD., JIN JIN PACIFIQUE COMPAGNIE, SPRING POWER LIMITED, KIN STAR INTERNATIONAL LIMITED
    Inventors: Jifan Jin, Yongjie Guo
  • Patent number: 8240084
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for containing, protecting, isolating, and individually identifying sets of one or more articles in a plurality of compartments such that information related to the sets can be easily and efficiently linked to the set. In an example of the apparatus, the apparatus has a compartment layer, a sealant layer, and indicia which may individually identify compartments. In another example, a method includes taking a compartment layer and sealant layer, loading compartments with sets of one or more articles, closing the compartment layer with the sealant layer, and identifying each compartment for each seed or portion thereof with a positionally-addressable ordered array of indicia on at least one of the layers of the package.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason Cope, David Kurth
  • Publication number: 20120180388
    Abstract: A vertical planter and gardening wall comprised of base planter blocks that are identical to each other and end blocks that are identical to each other. The blocks are stackable and interlock. The invention can be used by gardeners to cultivate and display their gardens indoors or outdoors in a restricted area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2011
    Publication date: July 19, 2012
    Inventor: Jared Friedman
  • Publication number: 20120124906
    Abstract: A method of producing a horticultural display containing more than one variety of the same or different species of flowering plant is disclosed. The plants are produced from unrooted cuttings that are rooted in a growth cell and cultivated in a single container so that the final product includes more than one plant species or more than one plant variety or both. A plant growth cell having rooting media and more than one plant cutting from more than one plant species or plant variety or both rooted therein is also disclosed. Further, a horticultural display having more than one plant of more than one plant species or plant variety or both initially rooted together from unrooted plant cuttings in a growth cell is disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Applicant: Dummen GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Theodorus Johannes Gerardus Wismans
  • Publication number: 20120124905
    Abstract: A plant growing assembly is configured to grow a plurality of plants in multiple directions above a ground surface. The assembly includes a growing container and a support structure for elevating the container above the ground surface. The container presents a generally hollow body to retain a plant-growing medium and the plurality of plants. The body extends along an axis to present opposite axial end margins and a radial peripheral wall. The wall defines a plurality of discrete plant-receiving ports extending therethrough, and disposed generally radially about the wall. A method of growing plants above ground in substantially opposite directions from one another is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventor: Scott Harder
  • Patent number: 7966769
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for containing, protecting, isolating, and individually identifying sets of one or more articles in a plurality of compartments such that information related to the sets can be easily and efficiently linked to the set. In an example of the apparatus, the apparatus has a compartment layer, a sealant layer, and indicia which may individually identify compartments. In another example, a method includes taking a compartment layer and sealant layer, loading compartments with sets of one or more articles, closing the compartment layer with the sealant layer, and identifying each compartment for each seed or portion thereof with a positionally-addressable ordered array of indicia on at least one of the layers of the package.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason Cope, David Kurth
  • Patent number: 7963068
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for containing, protecting, isolating, and individually identifying sets of one or more articles in a plurality of compartments such that information related to the sets can be easily and efficiently linked to the set. In an example of the apparatus, the apparatus has a compartment layer, a sealant layer, and indicia which may individually identify compartments. In another example, a method includes taking a compartment layer and sealant layer, loading compartments with sets of one or more articles, closing the compartment layer with the sealant layer, and identifying each compartment for each seed or portion thereof with a positionally-addressable ordered array of indicia on at least one of the layers of the package.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Assignee: Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc.
    Inventors: Jason Cope, David Kurth
  • Publication number: 20110016782
    Abstract: A plant growing assembly is configured to grow a plurality of plants in multiple directions above a ground surface. The assembly includes a growing container and a support structure for elevating the container above the ground surface. The container presents a generally hollow body to retain a plant-growing medium and the plurality of plants. The body extends along an axis to present opposite axial end margins and a radial peripheral wall. The wall defines a plurality of discrete plant-receiving ports extending therethrough, and disposed generally radially about the wall. A method of growing plants above ground in substantially opposite directions from one another is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2010
    Publication date: January 27, 2011
    Inventor: Scott Harder
  • Patent number: 7845114
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for connecting an interconnectable plant tray to a complementary plant tray are provided. In particular embodiments of the present invention include an interconnectable plant tray comprising a tray having one or more sides and one or more storage receptacles. The tray further includes a connection region positioned along at least one of the sides for connecting the tray to a complementary tray, the connection region including a first portion and a second portion, the portions being separated by a notch. The tray also has one or more coupling members located along the first portion of the connection region, and one or more coupling receptacles for receiving coupling members of the complementary tray, the one or more coupling receptacles being located within the second portion of the connection region. In particular embodiments, the complementary tray is substantially identical to the interconnectable tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Landmark Plastic Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin Kirtz, Fred Schromm
  • Patent number: 7818918
    Abstract: Planting pots and a multi-compartment tray are provided, the pots and tray having a self-orienting configuration for urging the pots into proper alignment when same are placed within compartments of the tray. The pots include angled recesses disposed radially about the bottom portion of the pots. The compartments of the tray include angled protrusions disposed radially about the bottom portion of the compartment. The angled recesses of the pot engage with the angled protrusions of the compartment when the pot is placed in the compartment to urge the pot into proper alignment. A plurality of slots are included along an upper portion of each pot for allowing optional identification tags to be inserted thereinto. The identification tags, in addition to logos, artwork, or other indicia, if included, are positioned by the self-orienting configuration of the pots and tray to face in a desired direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Inventors: Thomas J. Smith, Henry L. Huntington
  • Publication number: 20100180500
    Abstract: The invention relates to an assembly in use forming a tray for plant material. The assembly includes a holder; and at least one insert which can be respectively placed in and removed from the holder. The insert includes at least one cell defining a plant position. The cell includes at least a wall and a bottom for accommodating content in the cell during use of the assembly. The at least one wall substantially encloses the plant position. The wall and/or bottom comprises an opening through which access is provided with means for removing the content of the cell, such as a pusher or a ram.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2010
    Publication date: July 22, 2010
    Applicant: VISSER 'S-GRAVENDEEL HOLDING B.V.
    Inventors: Anthony Visser, Cornelis Frans Taco Visser
  • Publication number: 20100064583
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to a synthetic medium for soilless propagation and growth of plants. More specifically, the synthetic medium components are formed in particular shapes and sizes of a polymer foam to optimize the several stages of plant propagation and growth. A method for utilizing these foam components is also disclosed for use in a standard glass house environment. Each step is optimized for a particular type of plant and its individual growth stage. The soilless medium preferred in this invention also allows for a dramatic reduction in scrap material disposal costs and problems as the preferred foam material reverts to powder form when compressed at up to an 80% volume reduction versus the foam state. These powders can be land-filled, recycled as soil additives or incinerated without environmental impact.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2008
    Publication date: March 18, 2010
    Applicant: Syndicate Sales, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas A. Dundas, Troy L. Burnette
  • Patent number: 7673416
    Abstract: Planting pots and a multi-compartment tray are provided, the pots and tray having a self-orienting configuration for urging the pots into proper alignment when same are placed within compartments of the tray. The pots include angled recesses disposed radially about the bottom portion of the pots. The compartments of the tray include angled protrusions disposed radially about the bottom portion of the compartment. The angled recesses of the pot engage with the angled protrusions of the compartment when the pot is placed in the compartment to urge the pot into proper alignment. A plurality of slots are included along an upper portion of each pot for allowing optional identification tags to be inserted thereinto. The identification tags, in addition to logos, artwork, or other indicia, if included, are positioned by the self-orienting configuration of the pots and tray to face in a desired direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Inventors: Thomas J. Smith, Henry L. Huntington
  • Patent number: 7673417
    Abstract: Planting pots and a multi-compartment tray are provided, the pots and tray having a self-orienting configuration for urging the pots into proper alignment when same are placed within compartments of the tray. The pots include angled recesses disposed radially about the bottom portion of the pots. The compartments of the tray include angled protrusions disposed radially about the bottom portion of the compartment. The angled recesses of the pot engage with the angled protrusions of the compartment when the pot is placed in the compartment to urge the pot into proper alignment. A plurality of slots are included along an upper portion of each pot for allowing optional identification tags to be inserted thereinto. The identification tags, in addition to logos, artwork, or other indicia, if included, are positioned by the self-orienting configuration of the pots and tray to face in a desired direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Inventors: Thomas J. Smith, Henry L. Huntington
  • Publication number: 20090320367
    Abstract: Embodiments provide methods and apparatuses for supporting various stages of plant growth through layered soils. In embodiments, a soil adapted for supporting a first plant growth phase (e.g. germination) may be proximal, adjacent, or partially surrounded by a second soil adapted for supporting a subsequent growth phase (e.g. a vegetative phase) such that the roots of the plant encounter the second soil as the plant progresses from the first growth phase to the second growth phase. Some embodiments may provide one or more additional soil layers positioned proximal to the second soil, with the additional soil layers adapted to support additional subsequent plant growth phases. Apparatuses suitable for practicing embodiments of such methods are further provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Publication date: December 31, 2009
    Applicant: Smith Herrick Engineering LLC
    Inventors: Mathew S. Smith, John Herrick
  • Publication number: 20090277087
    Abstract: A vegetation block frame and a vegetation block. The vegetation block frame includes a bottom plate; outer walls 120, which define an inner space with the bottom plate; and a plurality of partitions extending crosswise and lengthwise inside the inner space, thereby forming a plurality of unit vegetation spaces. Each of the bottom plate and the partitions has a plurality of holes, and concavities and convexities are alternately formed in the upper and lower parts of the outer walls. A step block is selectively inserted into one of the unit vegetation spaces. The internal space is partitioned into the unit vegetation spaces by the partitions having the holes, so that herbs, plants and trees can easily take root and grow. The concavities and convexities are formed in the outer walls of the vegetation block frame engage with each other, thereby preventing twisting and upward separation after construction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2007
    Publication date: November 12, 2009
    Inventor: Heung Seob Kim
  • Publication number: 20090151247
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for connecting an interconnectable plant tray to a complementary plant tray are provided. In particular embodiments of the present invention include an interconnectable plant tray comprising a tray having one or more sides and one or more storage receptacles. The tray further includes a connection region positioned along at least one of the sides for connecting the tray to a complementary tray, the connection region including a first portion and a second portion, the portions being separated by a notch. The tray also has one or more coupling members located along the first portion of the connection region, and one or more coupling receptacles for receiving coupling members of the complementary tray, the one or more coupling receptacles being located within the second portion of the connection region. In particular embodiments, the complementary tray is substantially identical to the interconnectable tray.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Publication date: June 18, 2009
    Applicant: Landmark Plastic Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin Kirtz, Fred Schromm
  • Patent number: 7536829
    Abstract: A multipurpose planting base includes a holding cover having an open window divided by a holding crosspiece, and a tray for supporting the opening side of the holding cover and for receiving a culture soil with which the holding cover is filled. When used for pot planting, it includes a planting pot tray having a planting pot exposed toward the open window when housed in the holding cover. When used for pot planting on a wall surface, in addition to the planting pot tray having the planting pot exposed toward the open window when housed in the holding cover, it also includes a pocket-type soil receiving tray attached to the outside of the planting pot of the planting pot tray for receiving culture soil in the planting pot, and a mesh board for holding the soil-receiving tray at a predetermined position and for holding down the holding cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2009
    Assignee: Nippon Chiko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Sanji Genma, Satoru Furube
  • Patent number: 7454864
    Abstract: Planting pots and a multi-compartment tray are provided, the pots and tray having a self-orienting configuration for urging the pots into proper alignment when same are placed within compartments of the tray. The pots include angled recesses disposed radially about the bottom portion of the pots. The compartments of the tray include angled protrusions disposed radially about the bottom portion of the compartment. The angled recesses of the pot engage with the angled protrusions of the compartment when the pot is placed in the compartment to urge the pot into proper alignment. A plurality of slots are included along an upper portion of each pot for allowing optional identification tags to be inserted thereinto. The identification tags, in addition to logos, artwork, or other indicia, if included, are positioned by the self-orienting configuration of the pots and tray to face in a desired direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2008
    Inventors: Thomas J. Smith, Henry L. Huntington
  • Publication number: 20080120903
    Abstract: A floatable growth tray for the germination of seedlings has a plurality of cells adapted to receive a mixture of a growth median and seeds. The tray has sealed pockets forming air chambers to enable the tray to float. The cells have holes forming openings extending through a bottom surface of the tray permitting water to enter the cells to promote germination of the seeds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2006
    Publication date: May 29, 2008
    Inventors: David M. Fair, Craig R. Siders
  • Publication number: 20080115413
    Abstract: A first horticulture tray including cells and posts axially extending in the same direction from an upper surface. The cells are arranged in rows and columns that are aligned approximately perpendicular to the rows. The cells and the posts nest within similar cells and similar posts of a similar horticulture tray in a first orientation. The posts contact a similar upper surface of the similar horticulture tray to space the upper surface from the similar horticulture tray in a second orientation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2006
    Publication date: May 22, 2008
    Inventor: Fred N. Blackmore
  • Patent number: 6915607
    Abstract: A transplanting system including both methods and specific types of transplant apparatus such as propagule transplant trays(3, 4, 5, 6) addresses the need for the use of a propagule punch machine (8) on a variety of adolescent tray configurations (9, 11, 12, e.g.) and the increased operational efficiency that such enhanced operational capability affords. The system may involve at least one areally continuous propagule tray (3, 4, 5, 6) that is operationally compatible with a numerically significant number of adolescent plant trays. Other embodiments of the invention disclose punch pins (59) for use in a plant punch machine transplanter that are user-detachable and differentially designed so that plant punch elements of a certain design may be installed as part of the machine to customize the transplant process for a given species and transplant modality. The invention also provides for a consultable collection (such as printed documents or an electronic database, e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Assignee: Tagawa Greenhouses, Inc.
    Inventors: George H. Tagawa, Kenneth K. Tagawa, Randall E. Tagawa, William A. Kluth, Fred Naylor Blackmore, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6901699
    Abstract: A starter cell for starting a plant has a first opening at the topmost portion of the cell for facilitating plant seeding and growth, a second opening at the bottommost portion of the cell for facilitating root passage for air pruning of the root, and a plurality of inward-facing ridges formed vertically along the cell walls and along any cell comers. The cell is characterized in that the ridges are strategically placed to guide developing roots to avoid twisting and balling. In some embodiment the ridges have feet to provided for stacking, for example.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Inventor: Gary Raymond Hartman
  • Patent number: 6892493
    Abstract: An apparatus for growing a plant is disclosed. A planting system is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2005
    Inventor: Stanley S. Thomas
  • Patent number: 6779300
    Abstract: A growing system for plant seedlings that takes into consideration the varied requirements of the seedling; seedling and transplant environment; seedling cell (312) size; mechanical transplanter requirements; seedling leaf, stem and root development and coordinates all these requirements to increase transplanting yields may include larger containers that maximize yield and minimize damage. Aspects may eliminate left-over seedlings, reduce the number of manual steps, decrease labor, and increase transplant yields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Tagawa Greenhouses, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth K. Tagawa, George H. Tagawa, Randall E. Tagawa, Willliam A. Kluth
  • Patent number: 6548448
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new delivery systems for cyclopropenes in which the cyclopropene, either free or encapsulated within a molecular encapsulation agent is incorporated into produce packaging materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventor: Edward Charles Kostansek
  • Publication number: 20030046866
    Abstract: A planter having a plurality of cells, each for receiving one or more plants such that an overall vegetative representation of a predetermined pattern is formed. The cells may be occupiable directly by the root balls of plants or by plants in pots, or combinations thereof. The cells may be rectangular or other shape. The cells may be arranged in a regular grid array or in any other spatial relationship. The predetermined pattern may be determined by the pattern of the cells, or it may be imposed on a non-patterned arrangement of cells, for example a regular grid, through selection and placement of individual plants according to a predetermined planting template. The template may be a program design wherein the spatial location of each plant is specified; or it may be an actual physical element, for example, a paper design superimposable on the planter through which the selected plants are inserted to form the vegetative design in the planter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2002
    Publication date: March 13, 2003
    Inventor: Marquette Mendes
  • Publication number: 20030029087
    Abstract: A transplanting system including both methods and specific types of transplant apparatus such as propagule transplant trays(3, 4, 5, 6) addresses the need for the use of a propagule punch machine (8) on a variety of adolescent tray configurations (9, 11, 12, e.g.) and the increased operational efficiency that such enhanced operational capability affords. The system may involve at least one areally continuous propagule tray (3, 4, 5, 6) that is operationally compatible with a numerically significant number of adolescent plant trays. Other embodiments of the invention disclose punch pins (59) for use in a plant punch machine transplanter that are user-detachable and differentially designed so that plant punch elements of a certain design may be installed as part of the machine to customize the transplant process for a given species and transplant modality. The invention also provides for a consultable collection (such as printed documents or an electronic database, e.g.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2002
    Publication date: February 13, 2003
    Applicant: Tagawa Greenhouses, Inc.
    Inventors: George H. Tagawa, Kenneth K. Tagawa, Randall E. Tagawa, William A. Kluth, Fred Naylor Blackmore,
  • Publication number: 20020129547
    Abstract: Plastic bags are continuously formed and filled with sand, soil and gravel to fabricate flexible soft bricks of various shapes and configurations which may be laid on the ground to stabilize sand for growing vegetation or to prevent soil depletion due to water erosion or to grow vegetation in them. Protective housings made of plastic membrane material may be erected in dry or desert regions for growing trees and vegetation. The lower portion of the housing may be located below ground into a trench. Self operating knives are located in the housing to sever the plastic membrane material when the tree grown in the housing has reached a predetermined maturity. Tree planting bullets are provided to facilitate forestation by airplane to land inaccessible regions. The tree seedling is located in supported in an embryonic sack located in a depression formed in the rear portion of the bullet head.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 8, 2002
    Publication date: September 19, 2002
    Inventor: Chui-Wen Chiu
  • Patent number: 6447813
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the in situ manufacture of plant extracts from living plants. Since the plant remains intact, a flower or other component of the plant can be extracted one or more times. Following the extraction process, the plant is typically able to continue with its lifecycle. Such extracts have a variety of uses including use for, but not limited to: herbal and homeopathic medicines, hair and skin treatments, and cosmetics. The present invention also relates to apparatus useful for manufacturing plant extracts from living plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2002
    Inventor: Brent W. Davis
  • Patent number: 6415549
    Abstract: A container for growing plants comprising a main body with an open top and perimeter rim, and a funnel-like water collection means having an inner mating perimeter adapted to adjoin the perimeter rim, an outer mating perimeter of greater size than the inner mating perimeter and a sloping surface connecting the outer mating perimeter to the inner mating perimeter, such that overhead water is captured and directed into the open top. The water collection means may be detachable. The water collection means has mating edges adapted to continuously and contiguously abut mating edges of like containers to form a solid water capture surface in all directions when multiple containers are properly positioned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard C. Beeson, Jr., Dorota Z. Haman, Gary W. Knox, Allen G. Smajstrla, Thomas H. Yeager
  • Patent number: 6339902
    Abstract: A propagation tray configured to receive a plurality of seedlings or root cuttings comprising a tray member having an outer peripheral skirt formed about the periphery thereof and a plurality of propagation cells each having an upper centrally disposed aperture formed in the upper portion thereof inwardly of the outer peripheral skirt to receive a growing media and seedlings or root cuttings therein, a lower centrally disposed drainage aperture formed in the lower portion thereof and a growing media support member formed across the lower centrally disposed drainage aperture to retain the growing media and seedling or root cutting therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2002
    Inventor: Douglas A. Holmberg
  • Patent number: 6266921
    Abstract: Cultivation cell for seedlings and a tray formed from such cells, comprising apertures breaking the cell upper rims. Thereby growth disturbancies in roots growing close to the substrate surface are prevented. The tray comprises air channels, and growth of surface roots across the upper apertures from one cell to another is prevented by structural elements giving the tray rigidity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2001
    Assignee: Lannen Tehtaat Oyj
    Inventor: Altti Keskilohko
  • Patent number: 6237286
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an improved nursery tray and apparatus for handling such a nursery tray during propagating and growing periods, the tray (10) comprising a plurality of cells (18) in a predetermined array having two opposed side walls (14, 15) and two opposed end walls (16, 17), the tray being characterized by a plurality of spaced slots (28) located in opposed walls (14, 15, 16, 17) with each slot (28) being aligned with a space between two of said cells (18) and each slot (28) having an open end at a lower edge of the walls (14, 15, 16, 17) in which the slots are formed, the apparatus for handling such trays being characterized by support members (40) interconnected by chains (46) into an endless configuration capable of being driven by drive means (42) such that the support members move along guideways (41), the support members (40) each having at least one elevated tray engagement part (45) configured to engage in tray edge formations such as the slots (28) to support the trays in a manner
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: Williames Hi-Tech International Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Geoffrey Allan Williames
  • Patent number: 6138410
    Abstract: A live plant container comprises an elongated trough, a hydratable propagating medium positioned in and substantially filling the trough, and a cover closing off the trough to form an oasis for the plants with the cover including a plurality of longitudinally spaced openings configured and dimensioned to form cells to retain live plants in an upright position when inserted through the opening into the propagating medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2000
    Assignee: Oglevee, Ltd.
    Inventor: J. Robert Oglevee, deceased
  • Patent number: 6092332
    Abstract: A method for cultivating and rearing ornamental plants and treelike plants as potted plants with the following method steps:a tube covered with opaque, heat-insulating insulating material with a funnel-shaped or shell-shaped enlargement at the upper end is placed upright into a pot;the enlargement, tube and pot are then filled with a substrate; andinto the substrate of the enlargement a cutting or seeds are inserted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Twistringer RMB Dranfilter GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Thomas Roess, Bernhard Blome
  • Patent number: 6085462
    Abstract: A molded plant tray is provided in the form of a unitary molded plastic member formed of relatively light foamed plastic and having downwardly extending tapered plant cells for receiving planting medium in which individual seedlings are grown. The plant tray is provided with integral drive member receiving groove means in the form of U-shaped grooves along bottom portions of intermediate walls that define the plant cells. An alignment groove can also be provided perpendicular to the drive member receiving groove means and bisecting the length of the drive member receiving groove means for accurate positioning of the plant tray relative to drive members. In a second embodiment a relatively hard plastic insert is molded, manufactured or adhesively secured to create a dual body tray in the molded plastic member and defines the plant cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: Speedling, Inc.
    Inventor: Berl M. Thomas
  • Patent number: 5934018
    Abstract: A molded plant tray is provided in the form of a unitary molded plastic member formed of relatively light foamed plastic and having downwardly extending tapered plant cells for receiving plating medium in which individual seedlings are crown. The plastic member is provided with a plurality of parallel, U-shaped indexing rod-receiving grooves defined on the bottom surface of the plastic member by portions of the intermediate walls that define the plant cells. The indexing rod-receiving grooves are complementary in shape to a plurality of indexing rods arranged in parallel spaced relation in a drum shape rotatable about a longitudinal axis and spaced to receive the indexing rods as they rotate about the longitudinal axis. A U-shaped alignment member-receiving groove is also provided, and is defined on the bottom surface of the plastic member by portions of the intermediate walls to extend perpendicular to the central axes of the indexing rod-receiving grooves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Speedling, Incorporated
    Inventor: Berl M. Thomas
  • Patent number: 5890318
    Abstract: An improved plant tray formed of sturdy, injection-molded plastic. The plant tray is a precision-molded grid-like structure, having a series of individual plant cells arranged in side-by-side relationship with each other and having open tops and bottoms. A solid plastic wall separates each plant cell from an adjacent plant cell. Each cell wall has a varying thickness, tapering from a relatively thick top edge to a relatively thin bottom edge, to impart a progressively increasing cross-sectional area to the individual plant cells, from top to bottom. In each cell, there are reinforcing gussets at the corner junctures of adjacent cell walls. A perforated bottom screen retains young plants in the cells and is reinforced by relatively thick plastic runners that form a grid on its lower surface. In the one embodiment, the plant tray includes 432 individual plant cells so that the plant tray is compatible with conventional plant flats having 24, 36, 48, or 72 individual plant receiving cavities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1999
    Inventor: James R. Hammerle
  • Patent number: 5870857
    Abstract: The method and apparatus include an insert for increasing the aesthetic value of a floral box. The insert has a bottom wall being substantially rectangular in shape, a first end wall and a second end wall. The first end wall is parallel and equal in length to the second end wall. The first end wall and the second end wall extend from the bottom wall. There is a first side wall and a second side wall. The first side wall is parallel and equal in length to the second side wall. The first side wall and the second side wall extend from the bottom wall. The first end wall, the second end wall, the first side wall and the second side wall diverge away from the bottom wall. The insert is made from a colored plastic material. The insert is formed by placing a piece of plastic on a heated mold that has the desired shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1999
    Assignee: Formtex Plastics Corporation
    Inventor: Frank Yerich
  • Patent number: 5678356
    Abstract: There is provided a container or tray for growing, planting and transplanting plant, having a plurality of growing compartments arranged in adjacent rows. Each growing compartment is formed by four walls. An air opening is located adjacent to each wall of each growing compartment. The walls of the growing compartments are offset at a non-right angle with respect to the major axis of the tray. Air slits are formed in the walls of the growing compartments. The bottoms of the growing compartments have openings, each with a pair of ledges adjacent thereto so that the root ball of the plants may be aerated while holding the plants within the growing compartment. The center-to-center spacing between adjacent growing compartments is the same throughout the tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 21, 1997
    Assignee: Winstrip, Inc.
    Inventor: Aart Van Wingerden
  • Patent number: 5673511
    Abstract: A self-watering tray for supporting and displaying a plurality of potted plants which can be watered from a water reservoir in the bottom of the tray, the tray comprising a plurality of wall sections which define spaced openings in the tray, each wall section being provided with a support located above the reservoir for supporting the potted plant at or above the water, and being laterally open to the adjacent wall sections below the supports to provide a continuous reservoir channel below the supports and pots, through which water can circulate for watering plants by capillary action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 7, 1997
    Assignee: Holtkamp Greenhouses, Inc.
    Inventor: Reinhold Holtkamp, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5664370
    Abstract: A plant growing tray comprises a plurality of strips of tray compartments and a foldable portion or pleat connecting two adjacent strips of the tray compartments. The foldable connecting portion is generally a V-groove having a folding line along the bottom of the groove. Two end members are provided optionally at both ends of the foldable V-groove portion. Each tray compartment has an opening on its bottom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 9, 1997
    Assignee: Jiffy Products of America, Inc.
    Inventors: Jean-Marie Boudreau, Cor Baars