Patents Represented by Attorney Anne D. Daniel
  • Patent number: 5203509
    Abstract: Apparatus for collecting, segmenting and conveying metal chips from machining operations utilizes a compressed gas driven vortex nozzle for receiving the chip and twisting it to cause the chip to segment through the application of torsional forces to the chip. The vortex nozzle is open ended and generally tubular in shape with a converging inlet end, a constant diameter throat section and a diverging exhaust end. Compressed gas is discharged through angled vortex ports in the nozzle throat section to create vortex flow in the nozzle and through an annular inlet at the entrance to the converging inlet end to create suction at the nozzle inlet and cause ambient air to enter the nozzle. The vortex flow in the nozzle causes the metal chip to segment and the segments thus formed to pass out of the discharge end of the nozzle where they are collected, cleaned and compacted as needed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Assignee: The United State of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Lothar F. Bieg
  • Patent number: 5187980
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for sensing a liquid-solid phase transition event is provided which comprises an acoustic plate mode detecting element placed in contact with a liquid or solid material which generates a high-frequency acoustic wave that is attenuated to an extent based on the physical state of the material is contact with the detecting element. The attenuation caused by the material in contact with the acoustic plate mode detecting element is used to determine the physical state of the material being detected. The method and device are particularly suited for detecting conditions such as the icing and deicing of wings of an aircraft. In another aspect of the present invention, a method is provided wherein the adhesion of a solid material to the detecting element can be measured using the apparatus of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 23, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Dianna S. Blair, Gregory C. Freye, Robert C. Hughes, Stephen J. Martin, Antonio J. Ricco
  • Patent number: 5178498
    Abstract: A method for machining a workpiece. The method includes the use of a rotary cutting tool mounted on the end of a movable arm. The arm is adapted to move in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the cutting tool. The cutting tool has cutting teeth to cut chips of material off of the workpiece in a predetermined size and shape to facilitate better removal of the chips from the workpiece. The teeth can be of different type and length to permit the tool to both rough cut and finish cut the workpiece during machining. The total depth of cut is divided by the number of tool teeth, so that the longest tool always performs the finishing cut.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Lothar F. Bieg
  • Patent number: 5166966
    Abstract: A radiation filter for filtering radiation beams of wavelengths within a preselected range of wavelengths comprises a radiation transmissive substrate and an attenuating layer deposited on the substrate. The attenuating layer may be deposited by a sputtering process or a vacuum process. Beryllium may be used as the radiation transmissive substrate. In addition, a second radiation filter comprises an attenuating layer interposed between a pair of radiation transmissive layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Peter A. Steinmeyer
  • Patent number: 5164975
    Abstract: An improved apparatus and method is provided for separating input x-ray radiation containing first and second x-ray wavelengths into spatially separate first and second output radiation which contain the first and second x-ray wavelengths, respectively. The apparatus includes a crystalline diffractor which includes a first set of parallel crystal planes, where each of the planes is spaced a predetermined first distance from one another. The crystalline diffractor also includes a second set of parallel crystal planes inclined at an angle with respect to the first set of crystal planes where each of the planes of the second set of parallel crystal planes is spaced a predetermined second distance from one another. In one embodiment, the crystalline diffractor is comprised of a single crystal. In a second embodiment, the crystalline diffractor is comprised of a stack of two crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Peter A. Steinmeyer
  • Patent number: 5138889
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a sensitive hand-held explosives detection device capable of detecting the presence of extremely low quantities of high explosives molecules, and which is applicable to sampling vapors from personnel, baggage, cargo, etc., as part of an explosives detection system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Frank J. Conrad
  • Patent number: 5132529
    Abstract: A strain gauge is made of an optical fiber into which quasi-sinusoidal microbends have been permanently introduced. The permanent microbends cause a reduction in the fiber's optical transmission, but, when the gauge is attached to a substrate that is subsequently strained, the amplitude of the deformations will diminish and the optical transmission through the fiber will increase. An apparatus and process for manufacturing these microbends into the optical fiber through a heat-set process is employed; this apparatus and process includes a testing and calibration system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Jonathan D. Weiss
  • Patent number: 5121871
    Abstract: Production of soldered joints which are highly reliable and capable of surviving 10,000 thermal cycles between about -40.degree. C. and 110.degree. C. Process involves interposing a thin layer of a metal solder composition between the metal surfaces of members to be bonded and applying heat and up to about 1000 psi compression pressure to the superposed members, in the presence of a reducing atmosphere, to extrude the major amount of the solder composition, contaminants including fluxing gases and air, from between the members being bonded, to form a very thin, strong intermetallic bonding layer having a thermal expansion tolerant with that of the bonded members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Leonard C. Beavis, Maurice M. Karnowsky, Frederick G. Yost
  • Patent number: 5121993
    Abstract: A triaxial thermopile array geothermal heat flow sensor is designed to measure heat flow in three dimensions in a reconstituted or unperturbed subsurface regime. Heat flow can be measured in conductive or permeable convective media. The sensor may be encased in protective pvc tubing and includes a plurality of thermistors and an array of heat flow transducers arranged in a vertical string. The transducers produce voltage proportional to heat flux along the subsurface regime and permit direct measurement of heat flow in the subsurface regime. The presence of the thermistor array permits a comparison to be made between the heat flow estimates obtained from the transducers and heat flow calculated using temperature differences and Fourier's Law. The device is extremely sensitive with an accuracy of less than 0.1 Heat Flow Units (HFU) and may be used for long term readings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Charles R. Carrigan, Harry C. Hardee, Gerald D. Reynolds, Terry D. Steinfort
  • Patent number: 5118281
    Abstract: In a method and apparatus for controlling total ignition delay time in a pulse combustor, and thus controlling the mixing characteristics of the combustion reactants and the combustion products in the combustor, the total ignition delay time is controlled by adjusting the inlet geometry of the inlet to the combustion chamber. The inlet geometry may be fixed or variable for controlling the mixing characteristics. A feedback loop may be employed to sense actual combustion characteristics, and, in response to the sensed combustion characteristics, the inlet geometry may be varied to obtain the total ignition delay time necessary to achieve the desired combustion characteristics. Various embodiments relate to the varying of the mass flow rate of reactants while holding the radius/velocity ratio constant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: T. Tazwell Bramlette, Jay O. Keller
  • Patent number: 5113966
    Abstract: A downhole hydraulic seismic generator system for transmitting energy wave vibrations into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system contains an elongated, unitary housing operably connected to a well head aboveground by support and electrical cabling, and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a hydraulic oscillator containing a double-actuating piston whose movement is controlled by an electro-servovalve regulating a high pressure hydraulic fluid flow into and out of upper and lower chambers surrounding the piston. The spent hydraulic fluid from the hydraulic oscillator is stored and pumped back into the system to provide high pressure fluid for conducting another run at the same, or a different location within the borehole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Danny L. Gregory, Harry C. Hardee, David O. Smallwood
  • Patent number: 5110222
    Abstract: An ultra-low friction bearing including an inner race, an outer race, bearing elements engaged between the inner and outer races and a seal between the inner and outer races is disclosed. The seal includes first and second sealing washers. The first washer has an outer diameter greater than an inner diameter of the outer race and an inner diameter greater than the outer diameter of the inner race. The second washer has an inner diameter less than the outer diameter of the inner race and an outer diameter less than the inner diameter of the outer race. The first washer slidably engages the outer race, the second washer slidably engages the inner race and the washers overlap and slidably engage one another. One of the washers snap fits into its respective inner or outer race while the other washer engages a stepped surface of the other of the inner and outer races.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Bruce H. Johnson, Lawrence E. Larsen, Edmund F. Welch
  • Patent number: 5104738
    Abstract: Glass compositions containing CaO, Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, B.sub.2 O.sub.3, SrO and BaO of various combinations of mole % are provided. These compositions are capable of forming stable glass-to-metal seals with titanium and titanium alloys, for use in components such as seals for battery headers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Richard K. Brow, Randall D. Watkins
  • Patent number: 5081862
    Abstract: A method and device for testing the burst pressure of closure disks which provides high pressure to both sides of a disk and rapidly releases pressure from one side thereof causing a high rate of change of pressure. A hollow notched plug allows the rapid release of pressure upon rupturing. A tensile load is transmitted by a piston in combination with fluid pressure to the hollow notched plug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 21, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventor: Charles W. Merten, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5080559
    Abstract: An electrical pump for pumping liquid metals to high pressures in high temperature environments without the use of magnets or moving mechanical parts. The pump employs a non-porous solid electrolyte membrane, typically ceramic, specific to the liquid metal to be pumped. A DC voltage is applied across the thickness of the membrane causing ions to form and enter the membrane on the electrically positive surface, with the ions being neutralized on the opposite surface. This action provides pumping of the liquid metal from one side of the non-porous solid electrolyte membrane to the other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1992
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Joseph P. Abbin, Charles E. Andraka, Laurance L. Lukens, James B. Moreno
  • Patent number: 5055727
    Abstract: A rotary drive mechanism includes a rotary solenoid having a stator and multi-poled rotor. A moving member rotates with the rotor and is biased by a biasing device. The biasing device causes a further rotational movement after rotation by the rotary solenoid. Thus, energization of the rotary solenoid moves the member in one direction to one position and biases the biasing device against the member. Subsequently, de-energization of the rotary solenoid causes the biasing device to move the member in the same direction to another position from where the moving member is again movable by energization and de-energization of the rotary solenoid. Preferably, the moving member is a multi-lobed cam having the same number of lobes as the rotor has poles. An anti-overdrive device is also preferably provided for preventing overdrive in the forward direction or a reverse rotation of the moving member and for precisely aligning the moving member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Eugene W. Kenderdine
  • Patent number: 5056129
    Abstract: A self-contained, hand-held apparatus is provided for minitoring alignment of an X-ray beam in an instrument employing an X-ray source. The apparatus includes a transducer assembly containing a photoresistor for providing a range of electrical signals responsive to a range of X-ray beam intensities from the X-ray beam being aligned. A circuit, powered by a 7.5 VDC power supply and containing an audio frequency pulse generator whose frequency varies with the resistance of the photoresistor, is provided for generating a range of audible sounds. A portion of the audible range corresponds to low X-ray beam intensity. Another portion of the audible range corresponds to high X-ray beam intensity. The transducer assembly may include an a photoresistor, a thin layer of X-ray fluorescent material, and a filter layer transparent to X-rays but opaque to visible light. X-rays from the beam undergoing alignment penetrate the filter layer and excite the layer of fluorescent material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 8, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Peter A. Steinmeyer
  • Patent number: 5042306
    Abstract: An apparatus for simulating a rocket launch environment on a test item undergoing centrifuge testing by subjecting the item simultaneously or separately to vibration along an axis of centripetal force and along an axis perpendicular to the centripetal force axis. The apparatus includes a shaker motor supported by centrifuge arms and a right angle fixture pivotally connected to one of the shaker motor mounts. When the shaker motor vibrates along the centripetal force axis, the vibrations are imparted to a first side of the right angle fixture. The vibrations are transmitted 90 degrees around the pivot and are directed to a second side of the right angle fixture which imparts vibrations perpendicular to the centripetal force axis. The test item is in contact with a third side of the right angle fixture and receives both centripetal-force-axis vibrations and perpendicular axis vibrations simultaneously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Fred Cericola, James W. Doggett, Terry L. Ernest, Tommy G. Priddy
  • Patent number: 5024096
    Abstract: A vibration slip table for use in a vibration testing apparatus. The table s comprised of at least three composite layers of material; a first metal layer, a second damping layer, and a third layer having a high acoustic velocity relative to the first layer. The different acoustic velocities between the first and third layers cause relative shear displacements between the layers with the second layer damping the displacements between the first and third layers to reduce the table longitudinal vibration modes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1991
    Assignee: United States of America as Represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventors: Danny L. Gregory, Tommy G. Priddy, David O. Smallwood, Tommy D. Woodall
  • Patent number: 5021307
    Abstract: Glass compositions containing CaO, Al.sub.2 O.sub.3, B.sub.2 O.sub.3, SrO and BaO in various combinations of mole % are provided. These compositions are capable of forming stable glass-to-metal seals with pin materials of 446 Stainless Steel and Alloy-52 rather than molybdenum, for use in harsh chemical environments, specifically in lithium batteries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Richard K. Brow, Randall D. Watkins