Abstract: The present invention provides automated peritoneal dialysis systems, methods of operating the systems and devices for performing same. A typical therapy performed by the present invention begins by draining dialysis solution that is already in the patient's peritoneal cavity. The system pumps fresh dialysate from one of a plurality of supply bags, through an in-line heater to the patient's peritoneal cavity. After a dwell period, the spent dialysate in the cavity is pumped out of the patient to a drain or other disposal means. The system then pumps fresh dialysate from the supply bags to the patient and the procedure is repeated as defined in the therapy protocol. The system can pump a last bag of dialysate to the peritoneal cavity for an extended dwell, such as a daytime dwell.
May 24, 2002
Date of Patent:
December 26, 2006
Baxter International Inc., Baxter Healthcare S.A.
Don Busby, Peter Hopping, Robert Childers, Shahid Din, Brian Lauman, Rick Kienman, Ian Richardson, Joseph H. Bowman, Jr., Loren M. Lundtveit, Jose Alvaro, Bruce Ming-Da Eu, Sherwin Shang
Abstract: An electrosurgical device coated with powder coatings including a silicone resin and siloxane additive without fluoropolymers. In the powder coatings, the silicone resin is methyl phenyl silicone or phenyl silicone or methyl polysiloxane or phenyl alkyl polysiloxane resin and the additive is either methyl alkyl polysiloxane or dimethyl polysiloxane. This coating is applied to the surfaces of an electrosurgical device minimize the build-up of charred tissue on the surfaces of the electrosurgical device.
Abstract: A battery calculating method, apparatus, and program are provided. The battery capacity calculating method and apparatus can very accurately calculate a residual capacity of a secondary battery especially in the last stage of discharging independently of environmental conditions such as a temperature or a deteriorated state. the battery capacity calculating apparatus is equipped with a voltage measuring circuit which measures the terminal voltage (Vmea) of a battery at the time of discharging, a current measuring circuit which measures the current value (I) of the battery at the time of discharging, and a control circuit which calculates a residual capacity and/or residual power.
Abstract: Methods and products for delivering a medicament or agent to an individual are provided as well as methods for producing the product. The product includes a coating having a medicament or agent. The medicament or agent is present within the coating that surrounds a tableted gum center (the water soluble portion and a water insoluble base portion). By chewing the gum, the medicament or agent is released from the product. Continuing to chew the chewing gum creates a pressure within the buccal cavity forcing the agent or medicament directly into the systemic system of the individual through the oral mucosa contained in the buccal cavity. This greatly enhances the absorption of the drug into the systemic system as well as the bioavailability of the drug within the system.
January 11, 2001
Date of Patent:
September 18, 2001
Wm. Wrigley, Jr. Company
Ronald L. Ream, Christine L. Corriveau, Gwendolyn Graff, Leonard Matulewicz