Patents Represented by Attorney Bessie A. Lepper
  • Patent number: 4276367
    Abstract: A lithographic printing plate in which the oleophilic imaging areas are formed as a thin cross-linked block copolymer film adhered to the hydrophilic surface of a backing plate. The block copolymer comprises blocks of copolyacrylate and polyurethane wherein the copolyacrylate blocks are a copolymer of a hydroxy-containing acrylate and a second acrylate component comprising one or more esters of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid or mixtures thereof and the polyurethane blocks are formed of polyoxybutylene as the prepolymer component. In forming the printing plate the block copolymer is deposited as a thin film containing an ultraviolet initiator and a cross linking promoter and the cross-linked imaging areas are formed by exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1979
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1981
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard E. Merrill, Arthur A. Massucco
  • Patent number: 4261738
    Abstract: Process and apparatus for recovering a precious metal, either as pure metal or in alloyed form, from a bimetallic material in which the precious metal is mechanically bonded to a base material comprising at least one base metal, e.g., copper, brass or bronze. The base material is leached off with an ammoniacal solution of an ammonium salt, preferably ammonium carbonate, using a leaching liquid containing reactive oxygen. The base metal or metals are recovered as metal compounds by thermally decomposing the resulting pregnant leach liquor; and the ammonia and ammonium salt are reconstituted for recycling. The method and apparatus are particularly suited for recovering karat gold from filled gold scrap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1979
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1981
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Valentine, Ravindra M. Nadkarni
  • Patent number: 4259043
    Abstract: A thrust bearing/coupling component for use in scroll-type apparatus which may be a compressor, expander, fluid pump or vacuum pump. The resulting apparatus is particularly suited for use as auxiliary equipment in automotive power systems. The component of this invention comprises rotating or oscillating load carrying members, preferably ball bearings, confined within facing indentations cut in the orbiting scroll member end plate surface and an associated surface in a member stationary with respect to the orbiting scroll member. The thrust bearing/coupling component couples the stationary and orbiting scroll members in a predetermined angular relationship and it may be used to carry either expansive or compressive axial loads on the scroll members to achieve efficient radial sealing of the moving scroll fluid pockets while controlling surface wearing so that the scroll apparatus may be operated for an extended period of time without servicing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1979
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1981
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: William P. Hidden, John E. McCullough
  • Patent number: 4254194
    Abstract: Screen printing stencils are prepared by affixing to a printing screen substrate an indicia-defining, ultraviolet-sensitive film and cross-linking the film by exposure to ultraviolet radiation. The coating compositions used to form the film comprise copolyacrylate/polyurethane block copolymers, in which the copolyacrylate blocks are copolymers of at least one hydroxy-containing acrylate and at least one acrylate or methacrylate which may be partially substituted with bromine, ultraviolet initiators and cross-linking monomers. Screen printing stencils are provided which are compatible with both water-based and oil-based inks. The disclosed screen printing stencils are used in improved screen-printing methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1979
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1981
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard E. Merrill, Arthur A. Massucco
  • Patent number: 4232656
    Abstract: In an integral storage collector solar heating system, water heated in a conventional hot water heater is first preheated in an integral storage collector. The storage collector includes a heat storing medium, preferably clean water, in a storage tank. Water to be heated is forced by line pressure through heat exchange pipes immersed in the heat storing water. The heat of fusion of the storing water prevents freezing of the line water. To preclude excessive pressure in the heat storage tank with high temperatures of the heat storing water, a heat pipe is provided to act as a large heat leak at about the vaporization temperature of the water. Also, a pressure relief valve is provided. The system avoids freezing and contamination of the water and does not require temperature control circuitry or a pump.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1979
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: W. Peter Teagan
  • Patent number: 4224399
    Abstract: A lithographic printing plate in which the oleophilic imaging areas are formed as a thin cross-linked block copolymer film adhered to the hydrophilic surface of a backing plate. The block copolymer comprises blocks of copolylacrylate and polyurethane wherein the copolyacrylate blocks are a copolymer of a hydroxy-containing acrylate and a second acrylate component comprising one or more esters of acrylic acid or methacrylic acid or mixtures thereof and the polyurethane blocks are formed of polyoxybutylene as the prepolymer component. In forming the printing plate the block copolymer is deposited as a thin film containing an ultraviolet initiator and a cross linking promoter and the cross-linked imaging areas are formed by exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard E. Merrill, Arthur A. Massucco
  • Patent number: 4209866
    Abstract: A swim fin which achieves increased efficiency by increasing drive (forward propulsive thrust) and decreasing effort (resistance to vertical motion) to provide a greater drive-to-effort ratio. The blade of the fin which is pivotally mounted to the foot section along a pivot line aft of the leading edge of the blade, has a reversible effective streamlining camber. These features in combination with a large open flow passage defined between the toe portion and blade make possible the attainment of efficient propulsion through vertical motion of the legs of the wearer of the swim fins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1978
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: Herbert H. Loeffler
  • Patent number: 4209582
    Abstract: Screen printing stencils are prepared by affixing to a printing screen substrate an indicia-defining, ultraviolet-sensitive film and cross-linking the film by exposure to ultraviolet radiation. The coating compositions used to form the film comprise copolyacrylate/polyurethane block copolymers, in which the copolyacrylate blocks are copolymers of at least one hydroxy-containing acrylate and at least one acrylate or methacrylate which may be partially substituted with bromine, ultraviolet initiators and cross-linking monomers. Screen printing stencils are provided which are compatible with both water-based and oil-based inks. The disclosed screen printing stencils are used in improved screen-printing methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 24, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard E. Merrill, Arthur A. Massucco
  • Patent number: 4206610
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for transporting coal in finely divided form in a coal/liquid slurry. Liquid carbon dioxide, which can be formed by burning coal at the coal source point and liquefying the resulting gaseous carbon dioxide, serves as the slurry liquid. The slurry is pumped through a slurry pipeline to the coal use point under conditions of temperature and pressure to maintain the carbon dioxide in liquefied form. Subsequent to deslurrying, the coal-free carbon dioxide can be liquefied and returned through a liquid pipeline to the coal source point for reuse. The use of liquid carbon dioxide as a slurry medium is also applicable to transporting other finely divided solids such as ores and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: Chakra J. Santhanam
  • Patent number: 4199308
    Abstract: Axial compliance/sealing means are provided for scroll-type apparatus. These means comprise seal elements associated with the involute wraps which are urged by an axial force to make sealing contact with the end plates of the opposing scroll members. A two-sided channel open to the centerline of the apparatus is cut in the contacting end of each wrap; and within the channel is positioned a seal element for making sealing contact with the surface of the end plate of the opposing or complementary scroll member. The seal element is compressively loaded toward the back of the channel and axially loaded toward the opposing end plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: John E. McCullough
  • Patent number: 4197157
    Abstract: Refractory tubings, either in amorphous, polycrystalline or single crystal form, are made by moving a preformed tubing of a refractory material and a heated zone relative to each other, the heating zone providing sufficient heat to melt through the tubing and form a molten ring which is continuously advanced through the tubing. The heat source may be located externally or internally of the tubing wall or in both positions. The tubings may be formed as single crystals by using appropriate seeds; and by controlling the rate of movement of the tubing sections on either side of the molten ring the wall thickness and diameter of the final tubing may be adjusted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1975
    Date of Patent: April 8, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: John S. Haggerty
  • Patent number: 4196437
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for providing a compound liquid jet of fine droplets, particularly suitable for ink-jet recording systems. A primary stream is formed by ejecting under pressure a primary liquid from a nozzle and then causing the primary stream to traverse a thin layer of a secondary fluid to form a compound liquid stream which breaks up to form a compound jet of fine droplets each containing both the primary liquid and the secondary fluid. Since only the primary liquid passes through the nozzle, it may be chosen to minimize, or even eliminate, nozzle clogging and other difficulties associated with the use of most inks in ink-jet systems. The secondary fluid may contain fine particulate material, e.g., pigments, and it is used to contribute color or other physical properties to the compound jet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1980
    Inventor: Carl H. Hertz
  • Patent number: 4192152
    Abstract: Peripherally-driven scroll apparatus. The orbiting scroll member is attached through radially-compliant linking means to eccentrics mounted on three equally spaced crankshafts to accommodate differential thermal expansion without the generation of any appreciable elastic forces to increase bearing loads. Means are provided to prevent axial deflections in the stationary scroll members while permitting their supports to be designed and constructed for strength rather than stiffness. The apparatus may be staged and employed as a compressor or expander.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1980
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: Allen E. Armstrong, John E. McCullough
  • Patent number: 4160629
    Abstract: A liquid immersible scroll pump in which all of the pump components including electric motor drive means are contained within a housing and through which the liquid is pumped at a controlled predetermined pressure. Hydraulic pressure within the pump provides sufficient axial force on the scroll members to enhance radial sealing as well as the tangential sealing of the flanks of the scroll wraps. The pump is particularly suited for low-cost mass production and may be used as a fuel pump, either immersed in the fuel tank of an automobile or mounted outside the tank, to provide fuel under pressure through a line to the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1977
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1979
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: William P. Hidden, John E. McCullough
  • Patent number: 4147639
    Abstract: A lubricant for forming a ferrous metal blank into a preselected configuration by warm- or hot-forming procedures. The lubricant is an alkali-modified borate glass containing a minor mole percent of an alkali metal oxide, preferably sodium oxide. The glass is formed in situ on the surface to be lubricated by depositing on the surface a glass-forming mixture of a source of boron oxide and an alkali metal borate and then heating the mixture to form the glass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1977
    Date of Patent: April 3, 1979
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: D. William Lee, John L. O'Brien, Michael Rossetti
  • Patent number: 4147624
    Abstract: An adsorbate is removed from an adsorbent by contacting the adsorbent with a near critical liquid which is a solvent for the adsorbate. The near critical liquid containing the dissolved adsorbate is then subjected to at least partial vaporization to form a vapor in which the adsorbate is substantially less soluble thereby making it possible to remove the adsorbate from the near critical liquid. The vapor is then condensed to restore it to the near critical liquid state wherein it is a solvent for the adsorbate so that it may be reused. The process is particularly suitable for adsorbent regeneration in the treating of waste-waters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 3, 1979
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael Modell
  • Patent number: 4141744
    Abstract: Process and composition for forming cellular inorganic plastic cements of magnesium oxychlorides and magnesium oxysulfates. A water slurry containing a magnesium salt, magnesium oxide and a water-soluble phosphate is formed and to it are added an anionic water-repellent surfactant and a blowing agent capable of providing a gaseous component in the strongly alkaline environment either through decomposition or reaction or through vaporization. Inorganic filler material may be added to impart strength, the maximum flexural strength being attained when at least about one-half of the filler comprises microfibers. The resulting cellular product is nonflammable and exhibits essentially zero flame spread, zero smoke density and zero fuel contribution. The cellular products are further characterized as being formed of substantially uniformly sized cells and having densities over a wide range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1977
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1979
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventors: William L. Prior, Richard S. Lindstrom
  • Patent number: 4129405
    Abstract: Scroll apparatus for pumping liquids wherein recessed liquid transfer passage means are provided in the end plates of the scroll members. The transfer passage means may be inner passages within the scroll involutes, outer passages outside the scroll involutes or a combination of inner and outer passages. These passages are located and configured to be opened substantially immediately after the orbiting involute wrap has reached that point in its orbiting cycle to define three essentially completely sealed-off liquid zones. These passages remain open at least until the liquid passages between the wraps are sufficiently large to prevent any substantial pressure pulsations within the scroll liquid pump. The scroll liquid pumps may be operated to pump liquid radially inward or outward.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1978
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: John E. McCullough
  • Patent number: 4124528
    Abstract: An adsorbate is removed from an adsorbent by contacting the adsorbent with a supercritical fluid which is a solvent for the adsorbate. The supercritical fluid containing the dissolved adsorbate is then subjected to a physical treatment which renders the supercritical fluid a nonsolvent for the adsorbate and makes it possible to remove the adsorbate from the supercritical fluid. The supercritical fluid is then subjected to another physical treatment to restore it to a state wherein it is a solvent for the adsorbate so that it may be reused. The process and apparatus are particularly suitable for adsorbent regeneration in the treating of waste water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1974
    Date of Patent: November 7, 1978
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael Modell
  • Patent number: 4121438
    Abstract: A coupling member particularly suited for coupling two components in a predetermined angular relationship while one component is orbited relative to the other. The coupling member comprises a ring having pairs of oppositely disposed keys on opposite annular surfaces, one pair of keys being displaced 90.degree. from the other. The keys are held on pivot pins affixed to the ring, the pivot pins preferably having flanges which are set in counterbores in the ring. A plurality of axial force-stabilizing disks are also inset on the annular ring surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1976
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1978
    Assignee: Arthur D. Little, Inc.
    Inventor: John E. McCullough