Abstract: A tube reforming apparatus provides efficient mass production of reformed tube end portions. In a preferred embodiment, a tube reforming apparatus has a loading station, two heating stations, a forming station, and an unloading station. The loading station permits rapid loading of a series of laterally spaced apart tubes into clamping fixtures, and accurately meters a downwardly extending end portion of each tube. The heating stations permit accurate and evenly distributed heat to be applied to the end portions to make them pliable. The forming station reforms the end portions between a mating die pair, while compensating for any volume variation in the end portions. The unloading station automatically unloads the tubes from the clamping fixtures. Automation features of the apparatus permit these operations to be efficiently accomplished.
Abstract: A molded cross-linked polyethylene article is formed using cross-linked polyethylene scrap generated in a previous extrusion process. The scrap is used, either by itself or mixed with essentially virgin cross-linkable polyethylene and a master batch mixture, to define a partially cross-linked moldable plastic material having a gel percent higher than that of the essentially virgin polyethylene used in the extrusion process. The mold used to form the scrap-based polyethylene end product has, for the essentially virgin polyethylene, a maximum acceptable plastic inflow rate.
Abstract: A method of producing reformed crosslinked polymer articles provides reformed crosslinked articles free of visible and objectionable folds, seams, and interfaces on reformed surfaces thereof. In a preferred embodiment, a method includes the steps of extruding a silane-grafted polyethylene tube, heating an end of the tube, reforming the end of the tube to produce a radially enlarged sealing surface thereon, cooling the reformed tube, and curing the reformed tube to produce an increase in the degree of crosslinking of the polyethylene material.
Abstract: To reduce undesirable scrap wastage in fabrication thereof, the rectangular metal frame section of a supply air register is formed from four separate side and end stampings having generally U-shaped cross sections along their lengths, and overlapping corner sections joined at both inner and outer peripheral portions of the frame structure to provide it with enhanced strength and rigidity. Side portions of the side and end stampings form in the frame structure an integral rectangular base section in which the flow rate adjustment damper blade and directional adjustment vane portions of the register are directly mounted to avoid the necessity of a separate support frame structure for these portions of the overall supply air register assembly.
Abstract: A fuel-fired fireplace insert has a compact combination heat exchanger/draft hood structure extending interiorly along its top side and opening outwardly through an upwardly extending flue gas outlet and a dilution air inlet disposed on a top front side portion of the insert. During insert operation, hot combustion gas generated within its fire box portion flows upwardly into the interior of the heat exchanger/draft hood structure, is cooled by room air entering the dilution air inlet, and is discharged through the flue gas outlet. At the same time, room air enters the insert through an opening on a lower front side thereof, is heated by being passed externally along the fire box and the combination heat exchanger/draft hood structure, and is then discharged from the insert back into the room through openings adjacent the dilution air opening.
Abstract: A tank type toilet has a water saving, vacuum-assisted flushing system that incorporates a diverter valve disposed in the tank portion of the toilet. During the flushing of the toilet, pressurized water is discharged from a ballcock valve assembly in the tank and delivered to the diverter valve which creates from the received water a water jet that is used to create a vacuum area within the diverter valve. The vacuum area is communicated with an uppermost interior portion of the bowl trapway to facilitate a main flushing action in the bowl that requires less flushing water. At the same time, the water jet entrains tank water therein, through water inlet openings in the diverter valve body, and delivers the jet and entrained water to the rim flushing passage of the bowl to augment the vacuum-assisted main flushing action.
Abstract: A thermally actuated deflector structure for automatically varying the air discharge pattern of a ceiling diffuser in response to a sensed change in the temperature of air being delivered to the diffuser includes a multi-bladed damper assembly positioned over a central outlet portion of the diffuser and having a frame portion secured to the diffuser. The blades in the damper assembly are drivable between a cooling orientation in which they block the central diffuser portion and preclude supply air flow downwardly therethrough, and a heating orientation in which they uncover the central diffuser portion and permit supply air flow downwardly therethrough. A coiled bimetallic actuating strip is positioned above the damper assembly and has an inner end anchored to the damper frame, and an outer end secured to a drive member linked to the damper blades.