Patents Represented by Attorney Charles C. Fellows
  • Patent number: 5604291
    Abstract: Phosphonic telomer intermediates for preparing the telomers of U.S. Pat. No. 5,376,731 may be produced by an aqueous process comprising (a) reacting hypophosphorous acid with a carbonyl compound which is preferably an aldehyde, a ketone or an imine, and (b) reacting the product of (a) with an olefinic reactant or reactants in the presence of a suitable initiator especially a free radical initiator. The telomer intermediates are themselves useful as scale inhibitors in aqueous systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignee: FMC Corporation (UK) Limited
    Inventors: Elizabeth A. Kerr, Jan Rideout
  • Patent number: 5600021
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon solutions of monofunctional ether initiators of the following general structure:M--Z--O--C(R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3)wherein M is an alkali metal; Z is a branched or straight chain hydrocarbon group which contains 3-25 carbon atoms, optionally containing aryl or substituted aryl groups; and R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl groups, and their employment as initiators in the anionic polymerization of olefin containing monomers in an inert, hydrocarbon solvent comprising reacting an omega-protected-1-haloalkyl with lithium metal dispersion having a particle size between 10 and 300 millimicrons in size, at a temperature between 35.degree. and 130.degree. C. in an alkane solvent containing 5 to 10 carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1997
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: James A. Schwindeman, Eric J. Granger, John F. Engel, Conrad W. Kamienski
  • Patent number: 5583269
    Abstract: A process for quickly preparing easily separable solutions of lithium tertiary-alkoxides. Comprising the steps of reacting lithium metal in bulk solid form, containing less than 0.1% by weight of sodium, with a tertiary alcohol in mole ratios of metal to alcohol ranging from 2 to 1 to 10 to 1 in a solvent selected from ethereal or hydrocarbon solvents under an inert atmosphere at elevated temperature for 1 to 10 hours, cooling the product and separating the product solution from the unreacted lithium metal in the reactor, and optionally adding solvent and sufficient lithium metal and alcohol to said unreacted metal in said reactor to maintain said mole ratio of lithium metal to alcohol, and continuing the reaction, thereby to form further lithium tert-alkoxide, and repeating said steps a number of times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: Robert C. Morrison, Conrad W. Kamienski, James A. Schwindeman
  • Patent number: 5567774
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon solutions of monofunctional ether initiators of the following general structure:M--Z--O--C(R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3)wherein M is an alkali metal; Z is a branched or straight chain hydrocarbon group which contains 3-25 carbon atoms, optionally containing aryl or substituted aryl groups; and R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl groups, and their employment as initiators in the anionic polymerization of olefin containing monomers in an inert, hydrocarbon solvent comprising reacting an omega-protected-1-haloalkyl with lithium metal dispersion having a particle size between 10 and 300 millimicrons in size, at a temperature between 35.degree. and 130.degree. C. in an alkane solvent containing 5 to 10 carbon atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: James A. Schwindeman, Eric J. Granger, John F. Engel, Conrad W. Kamienski
  • Patent number: 5567474
    Abstract: A process for producing alkali metal dispersions by agitating a mixture of molten alkali metal in a hydrocarbon oil at dispersion speeds by contacting the dispersed alkali metal with up to 3 weight percent anhydrous carbon dioxide through the agitating dispersion for at least 1 minute. The process produces lithium dispersions having a dispersion coating containing lithium carbonate, lithium oxide or hydroxide and a hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: B. Troy Dover, Conrad W. Kamienski, Robert C. Morrison, R. Thomas Currin, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5565526
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon solutions of monofunctional ether initiators of the following general structure:M--Q.sub.n --Z--OA(R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3) (II)wherein M is defined as an alkali metal, selected from the group consisting of lithium, sodium and potassium, Q is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl group derived by incorporation of a compound selected from the group consisting of conjugated diene hydrocarbons and alkenylsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbons; Z is defined as a branched or straight chain hydrocarbon tether or connecting group which contains 3-25 carbon atoms, optionally containing aryl or substituted aryl groups; A is an element selected from Group IVa of the periodic table and R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl or substituted aryl groups, and n is an integer from 1 to 5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: James A. Schwindeman, Conrad W. Kamienski, Robert C. Morrison
  • Patent number: 5560773
    Abstract: A penetrating sealant for use with cured silica-containing materials such as cement or concrete, the composition comprising a mixture of an alkali metal silicate, preferably lithium silicate, a cationic fluorinated surfactant, a non-ionic surfactant and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventor: Bo H. Gimvang
  • Patent number: 5550203
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon solutions of monofunctional amine initiators of the following general structures:M--Q.sub.n --Z--N(A(R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3)).sub.2or ##STR1## wherein M is defined as an alkali metal, selected from the group consisting of lithium, sodium and potassium, Q is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl group derived by incorporation of a compound selected from the group consisting of conjugated diene hydrocarbons and alkenyl substituted aromatic hydrocarbons; Z is a hydrocarbon tether group which contains 3-25 carbon atoms; A is an element selected from Group IVa of the periodic table and R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently selected from hydrogen, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl groups, m is an integer from 0 to 7, and n is an integer from 1 to 5, monofunctional amine initiators produced by the process, use of the initiators in a polymerization process and polymers produced by the polymerization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: John F. Engel, Conrad W. Kamienski, James A. Schwindeman, Randy W. Hall, Robert C. Morrison, B. Troy Dover
  • Patent number: 5543540
    Abstract: A process for producing compounds of the formula (CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiORLi, wherein R is selected from alkyl groups containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms and aryl groups containing 6 to 10 carbon atoms, by reacting, optionally in the presence of a catalyst, in an inert atmosphere, a haloalcohol of the formula HORX, wherein R is selected from alkyl groups containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms and aryl groups containing 6 to 10 carbon atoms and X is selected from chlorine or bromine, is reacted with neat hexamethyldisilazane at a temperature between 20.degree. C. and 200.degree. C., optionally in the presence of a catalyst, after which the resulting product, a trimethylsilyloxyalkylhalide compound, is reacted at a temperature between 50.degree. C. and 160.degree. C., with powdered lithium metal, in an inert hydrocarbon medium, to produce the (CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiORLi compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventor: James A. Schwindeman
  • Patent number: 5527753
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon solutions of monofunctional amine initiators of the following general structures: ##STR1## wherein M is defined as an alkali metal, selected from the group consisting of lithium, sodium and potassium, Q is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl group derived by incorporation of a compound selected from the group consisting of conjugated diene hydrocarbons and alkenyl substituted aromatic hydrocarbons; Z is a hydrocarbon tether group which contains 3-25 carbon atoms; A is an element selected from Group IVa of the periodic table and R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl groups, m is an integer from 0 to 7, and n is an integer from 1 to 5, monofunctional amine initiators produced by the process, use of the initiators in a polymerization process and polymers produced by the polymerization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: John F. Engel, Conrad W. Kamienski, James A. Schwindeman, Randy W. Hall, Robert C. Morrison, B. Troy Dover
  • Patent number: 5523447
    Abstract: A process for preparing easily separable solutions of organolithium compounds comprising the steps of reacting lithium metal, in the form of cast or extruded ingots or pieces cut therefrom, with an organo halide in mole ratios ranging from 3:1 to 20:1 in a solvent selected form a group of liquid hydrocarbons, alkyl ethers, and mixtures thereof under an inert atmosphere for one to ten hours with moderate stirring, cooling the resulting product, and separating the solution of the organolithium compound from the reacted lithium metal and by-product lithium chloride in the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: Conrad W. Kamienski, James A. Schwindeman, B. Troy Dover, Robert C. Morrison
  • Patent number: 5523364
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of hydrocarbon solutions of monofunctional amine initiators of the following general structures: ##STR1## wherein M is defined as an alkali metal, selected from the group consisting of lithium, sodium and potassium, Q is a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbyl group derived by incorporation of a compound selected from the group consisting of conjugated diene hydrocarbons and alkenyl substituted aromatic hydrocarbons; Z is a hydrocarbon tether group which contains 3-25 carbon atoms; A is an element selected from Group IVa of the periodic table and R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.3 are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or substituted aryl groups, m is an integer from 0 to 7, and n is an integer from 1 to 5, monofunctional amine initiators produced by the process, use of the initiators in a polymerization process and polymers produced by the polymerization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: John F. Engel, Conrad W. Kamienski, James A. Schwindeman, Randy W. Hall, Robert C. Morrison, B. Troy Dover
  • Patent number: 5493044
    Abstract: A process for preparing alkylsilyl and arylsilyl ethers of the formula(R--O--SiR.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3)wherein R, R1, R2 and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl groups containing one to twenty carbon atoms, substituted alkyl groups containing one to twenty carbon atoms, aryl groups containing six to eighteen carbon atoms, substituted aryl groups containing six to eighteen carbon atoms, hetero aryl groups containing four to eighteen carbon atoms, and substituted hetero aryl groups containing four to eighteen carbon atoms, with the proviso that R is never hydrogen, by reacting, in a hydrocarbon solvent, a chlorosilane of the formula R.sup.1 R.sup.2 R.sup.3 Si--Cl wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 20, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventor: James A. Schwindeman
  • Patent number: 5493038
    Abstract: A process for quickly preparing easily separable solutions of lithium alkylamides, as exemplified by the formula(R.sub.3 M).sub.x NLi(R1).sub.y.(LB).sub.z (I)wherein M is silicon or carbon, R and R.sup.1 are C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl, cycloalkyl or alkylene groups, LB is a Lewis base, x and y are integers equaling 2, and z is greater than 1, comprising the steps of reacting lithium metal in bulk form with an alkylamine in mole ratios of metal to alkylamine ranging from 2 to 1 to 10 to 1 in a solvent selected from ethereal or selected from the group consisting of conjugated dienes, vinyl aromatic and polycyclic aromatic compounds, under an inert atmosphere at elevated temperatures for 1 to 10 hours, cooling the product and separating the product solution from the unreacted lithium metal in the reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 20, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: Randy W. Hall, Conrad W. Kamienski, Robert C. Morrison, John F. Engel
  • Patent number: 5490886
    Abstract: A method for quenching hot metals especially iron steel or copper with a quenching fluid comprising a major proportion of an organic phosphate ester. The preferred esters are trialkyl phosphates and tri(alkyl phenyl) phosphates. The quenched article may exhibit improved anti-wear properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 13, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventor: Douglas G. Placek
  • Patent number: 5486343
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of lithium amide comprising essentially forming lithium bronze by introducing at least 1 equivalent of anhydrous ammonia over a 1 to 5 hour period into a dispersion containing one equivalent of lithium in a liquid hydrocarbon solvent at a temperature of up to 40.degree. C., then after the lithium bronze is formed, heating the reaction mixture to 50.degree. to 80.degree. C. for 2 to four hours to decompose the lithium bronze and form a suspension of lithium amide in the solvent from which suspension the lithium amide is recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 23, 1996
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: James A. Schwindeman, Robert C. Morrison
  • Patent number: 5441602
    Abstract: Hydrolyzed copolymers of (A) maleic anhydride with (B) at least one mono-ethylenically unsaturated monomer other than acrylic acid or methacrylic acid or with a mixture of (B) and (C) acrylic acid or methacrylic acid are effective for inhibiting the formation of calcium carbonate scale in wood pulp production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1995
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: Arthur Harris, John Burrows, David Wilson
  • Patent number: 5412009
    Abstract: The invention provides a compound of general formula I ##STR1## in which X represents a direct bond or a ##STR2## group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 2, 1995
    Assignee: FMC Corportion (UK) Limited
    Inventors: Michael J. Schneider, James Gainer
  • Patent number: 5403946
    Abstract: A process for producing compounds of the formula (CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiORLi where in R is selected from alkyl groups containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms and aryl groups containing 6 to 10 carbon atoms by reacting, in an inert atmosphere, in a hydrocarbon solvent, a haloalcohol of the formula HORX wherein R is selected from alkyl groups containing 2 to 10 carbon atoms and aryl groups containing 6 to 10 carbon atoms and X is selected from chlorine or bromine, is reacted with hexamethyldisilazane at a temperature between 20.degree. C. and the reflux temmperature of the solvent after which the resulting product, a trimethylsilyloxyalkylhalide compound, is reacted at a temperature between 50.degree. and 160.degree. C., with powdered lithium metal to produce the (CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiORLi compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1995
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventor: James A. Schwindeman
  • Patent number: 5378445
    Abstract: A process for preparing solutions of lithium hexafluorophosphate comprising reacting, under basic conditions, a lithium salt with a salt selected from sodium, potassium, ammonium, or organo ammonium hexafluorophosphate salt in a low boiling, non-protic organic solvent to produce a solution of lithium hexafluorophosphate and a precipitated sodium, potassium, ammonium, or organo ammonium salt containing the anion of the reactant lithium salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: Dennis J. Salmon, D. Wayne Barnette, Rebecca A. Barnett