Abstract: To effectively impart sizing performance to paper, while reducing the amounts of an internal sizing agent and aluminum sulfate, a papermaking additive comprises a mixture of an amphoteric copolymer having a hydrophobic group whose quaternization ratio is 40% by mole or more, and in which the ratio of the anion equivalent to the cation equivalent is 0.1 to 90%, and a calcium carbonate filler. The filler is one in which suitable water repellency is imparted to the filler. Hence, by adding this to pulp slurry, followed by a wet papermaking, the filler is efficiently adsorbed onto pulp fibers having anionic property, so that effective sizing performance can be imparted to the paper by using a smaller amount thereof than the internal sizing agent, while reducing the amounts of the internal sizing agent and the aluminum sulfate.
January 16, 2008
Date of Patent:
January 8, 2013
Harima Chemicals, Inc., Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd.
Abstract: A container (2) receives anhydrous material to be hydrated and hydrating fluids. The hydrating fluids are introduced into the container through a fluid port (8) by one or more containers having hydrating fluid. The hydrating fluids may be a mixture of fluids provided in any desired proportion. The hydrated material is then ejected from the container.
December 23, 2005
Date of Patent:
January 8, 2013
Harvest Technologies Corporation
P. Kevin Benoit, Russell Hart, James R. Ellsworth
Abstract: A floating separating element for use in centrifugal separation of components of a physiological fluid comprises a positioning part and a separating part, where the positioning part is designed to automatically assume a position in a supernatant and a separating part is positioned at a desired location with respect to the interface between the supernatant and heavier components. In preferred embodiments the physiological fluids are blood or bone marrow aspirate, and the heavier components comprise red blood cells. The positioning part comprises the majority of the mass of the separating element and is thin so that differences in the position of the separating element with respect to the interface are small compared to differences in the densities of the separated compoments, particularly the component comprising red blood cells. A method allows red blood cells to move the separating element during decanting to ensure complete decant of the supernatant.
Abstract: An in-wheel motor drive unit (21) comprises a casing (22), a motor part (A), a deceleration part (B), a wheel hub (31), and a wheel hub bearing (33) rotatably supporting the wheel hub (31) with respect to the casing (22). The wheel hub bearing (33) includes first and second outer track surfaces (33a) and (33b) provided on the inner diameter surface of the casing (22), a first inner track surface (33c) provided on the outer diameter surface of a wheel-side rotation member (30) and opposed to the first outer track surface (33a), a second inner track surface (33d) provided on the outer diameter surface of the wheel hub (31) and opposed to the second outer track surface (33b), and a plurality of rolling elements (33e) arranged between the outer track surfaces (33a) and (33b) and the inner track surfaces (33c) and (33d).
Abstract: A retainer-equipped roller includes a retainer (12) having a pair of ring parts (14) separated in an axis O direction and column parts (15) arranged circumferentially at regular intervals so as to form pockets (22) and connect the pair of ring parts (14), and a plurality of rollers (11) arranged in the pockets. The roller (11) has a chamfered part (13) provided between a roller end face and a roller rolling surface (11t). The column part (15) is positioned on a radial outer side of a pitch circle PCD of the roller (11), and a distance between the circumferentially adjacent column parts (15 and 15) is smaller than a diameter of the roller (11). The pair of ring parts (14) has a pair of projection members (16) projecting such that their tip ends are opposed so as to come close to each other, in circumferentially the same position as the column part (15), and in a position on a radially inner side of the pitch circle PCD of the roller (11).
Abstract: Disclosed is a method for measuring a profile using a device for measuring the profile in which included are: a distance measuring means 2 for measuring the distance to an edge region of a semiconductor wafer 12 in such a manner that light is emitted to be reflected at the edge region and to be detected; a first swing mechanism swingably supporting the distance measuring means 2; and a second swing mechanism swingably supporting the first swing mechanism, the method comprising the steps of: locating angles of the first swing mechanism each of which gives a maximum intensity of received light at each of predetermined angles of the second swing mechanism thereof; calculating contour points using coordinate transformation, thereby enabling points-related data to be acquired to represent a contour profile of the edge region. Thus, the method can be used for edge profile measurement of large-diameter wafers.
Abstract: The invention at hand describes Cu-(II)-oxygen adduct complexes, which are stable at room temperature, as well as methods for their production. In this, compounds of the general formula [L-Cu—O—O—Cu-L](BAr4)2 are concerned. Here, BAr4? is a tetraarylborate anion, selected from tetraphenylborate and tetrakis(3,5-trifluoromethyl)phenylborate. L represents a tripodal tetradentate ligand, wherein, each of the four binding sites of the tripodal tetradentate ligand is a nitrogen atom. Each of the three podal ligands is suitable for comprising an aliphatic amine or a nitrogen-containing heteroaromatic compound independently of one another. A bridge of one to four carbon atoms is located between the central nitrogen atom and the nitrogen atom of each of the podal ligands. The Cu-(II)-oxygen adduct complexes according to the present invention are produced, by initially reacting the ligand L with a Cu-(I) salt to [Cu-L]X.
Abstract: An electronic mail transmission/reception system is provided, capable of maintaining the confidentiality of restricted attachments desired to be limited in destination, thereby ensuring the security of the restricted attachments.
Abstract: A plug 2 used for a piercer according to the invention includes a tip end portion 23, a cylindrical portion 24, a barrel portion 25, a mandrel coupling portion 22, and an injection hole 21. The injection hole 21 penetrates from the surface of the cylindrical portion 24 to the surface of the mandrel coupling portion 22 and an externally supplied lubricant is injected from the hole. A clearance forms between the pierced material and the cylindrical portion 24. The injection hole 21 is formed at the cylindrical portion 24, and therefore the material in the process of piercing does not contact the injection hole 21. Therefore, an inner surface defect attributable to the contact between the material and the injection hole 21 can be prevented from being generated.
Abstract: Provided are ethylene copolymers with excellent impact resistance. More specifically, provided are ethylene copolymers satisfying certain correlation between the falling dart impact strength (F) or high rate impact resistant breakage energy (E) and Vicat softening point. The ethylene copolymers with improved impact properties are applicable to film, injection, compound, sheet, roto, pipe or blow molding.
Abstract: A chemical conversion treatment liquid which can stably form a phosphate-type chemical conversion film on a steel material for a joint portion of an oil well steel pipe containing 0.5-13% Cr is developed. Using a chemical conversion treatment liquid to which a prescribed amount of potassium is added, a chemical conversion film containing a prescribed amount of potassium compounds and having a prescribed thickness can be formed on the threaded surface of a joint portion of an oil well steel pipe.
Abstract: When a hollow billet is inserted into a container, and hot expanding piercing is downwardly performed by using a plug, hot piercing is performed by using a formed glass complex comprising a ring-shaped formed glass part and a ring-shaped projecting part. The ring-shaped formed glass part assumes a disc shape having a circular opening for allowing a plug to be inserted at the center thereof. The ring-shaped projecting part is attached to the opening of the ring-shaped formed glass part, and assumes a ring shape projecting perpendicularly to the ring-shaped formed glass part. Thereby, the piercing work can be done safely, and defects can be prevented from occurring on the inner surface of the billet.
Abstract: The invention concerns a method for laser ablation of a surface coating from a wall, such as a painted wall finish, for example in a nuclear plant to be decontaminated, and a device for implementing said method. The inventive ablation method includes sweeping shots on the coating of at least one pulsed laser beam with a laser beam quality factor M2 less than 20, and characterized in that it comprises a direct control of said shots by optical deflection, such that the impact zones (I1, I2, I3,) of said shots on said coating are disjointed or substantially adjacent with minimized overlapping.
May 18, 2006
Date of Patent:
December 11, 2012
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique
François Champonnois, Philippe Cormont, Marie Geleoc, Christophe Hubert, Christian Lascoutouna, Pierre-Yves Thro, Pascal Wodling
Abstract: The present invention concerns a method for extracting a random signature from a subject material element, comprising: a phase to generate at least one acquisition vector of structural characteristics of at least one region of the subject material element, a phase to generate at least one random signature vector from the acquisition vector, the random signature vector comprising: at least one random component having a stable nature so that its value may be found on each implementation of the method on one same region of the subject material element, and/or at least one random component having an unstable nature so that its value is likely to vary random fashion on each implementation of the method on one same region of the subject material element, use of the random signature vector as random signature.
December 22, 2006
Date of Patent:
December 4, 2012
Yann Boutant, Thierry Fournel, Jean-Marie Becker
Abstract: A trailer combination and trailer components are designed to provide dual functionality in terms of hauling a very high tonnage piece of heavy equipment and the ability to continue to haul more typical pieces of heavy equipment. To accomplish this task, a trailer auxiliary is provided that is adapted to connect to a typical low boy trailer. The trailer auxiliary is equipped with mechanisms to provide a bed assembly that is designed to link to the low boy trailer so that the bed assembly and bed of the trailer auxiliary receive the high tonnage piece of equipment. The trailer auxiliary can be equipped with ramps to interface with the trailer and auxiliary to facilitate the loading of the heavy equipment. The trailer combination also includes a hauling vehicle for each of the low boy trailer and auxiliary, with a spacing bar assembly mounted to one of the vehicles to link the vehicles together when hauling the trailer and the auxiliary.
Abstract: A seamless steel pipe of a low-alloy steel consisting, by mass %, of C: 0.10 to 0.20%, Si: 0.05 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.05 to 1.2%, Ni: 0.02 to 1.5%, Cr: 0.50 to 1.50%, Mo: 0.50 to 1.50%, Nb: 0.002 to 0.10%, Al: 0.005 to 0.10%, and either or both of Ti: 0.003 to 0.050% and V: 0.01 to 0.20%, the balance being Fe and impurities, the impurities containing 0.025% or less of P, 0.005% or less of S, 0.007% or less of N, and less than 0.0003% of B, wherein the tensile strength is 950 MPa or more and the yield strength is 850 MPa or more, and the Charpy absorbed energy at ?40° C. is 60 J or more. This seamless steel pipe may further contain one or more of Cu: 0.02 to 1.0%, Ca: 0.0005 to 0.0050%, and Mg: 0.0005 to 0.0050%. The present invention also provides a method for manufacturing the above-described seamless steel pipe.
Abstract: A whole determination area of a targeted wafer is concentrically divided in a radial direction, COP density is obtained in each divided determination segment, a maximum value of the COP density is set as COP densityRADIUSMAX, a minimum value of the COP density is set as COP densityRADIUSMIN, a value computed by “(COP densityRADIUSMAX?COP densityRADIUSMIN)/COP densityRADIUSMAX” is compared to a predetermined set value, and a non-crystal-induced COP and a crystal-induced COP are distinguished from each other based on a clear criterion, thereby determining the COP generation factor. Therefore, a rejected wafer in which a determination of the crystal-induced COP is made despite being the non-crystal-induced COP can be relieved, so that a wafer production yield can be enhanced.
Abstract: A product intermittently having a bent portion which curves three-dimensionally and a quenched portion is manufactured by performing bending downstream of a support means while feeding a metal material which is supported by the support means from an upstream side towards a downstream side. A portion of the metal material is heated by a heating means downstream of the support means. A bending moment is imparted to the portion of the metal material heated by the heating means to three-dimensionally change the position of a movable roller die which is disposed downstream of the heating means and has a plurality of rolls which feed the heated metal material in the axial direction, and the metal material is quenched by spraying a cooling medium at the portion of the metal material which was heated by a cooling means disposed between the heating means and the movable roller die.
Abstract: A method for producing a high alloy pipe having a minimum yield strength of 758.3 to 965.2 MPa, comprising: preparing a high alloy pipe having controlled amounts of C, Si, Mn, Ni, Cr, Mo, Cu, and N, the balance being Fe and impurities by a hot working or further by a solid-solution heat treatment; and then subsequently subjecting the high alloy pipe to a cold rolling. The cold rolling is performed such that the working ratio Rd, in terms of the reduction of area, in the final cold rolling step falls within a range of larger than 30% and equal to or less than 80%, and the following formula is satisfied: Rd(%)>(MYS?520)/3.1?(Cr+6×Mo+300×N) wherein Rd and MYS signify the working ratio (%) in terms of the reduction of area and the targeted yield strength (MPa), respectively, and Cr, Mo and N signify the mass % of the individual elements.