Abstract: Friable compositions suitable for use as extrusion aids in polymeric extrusion formulations are prepared by a process which comprises mixing a paraffinic hydrocarbon wax and calcium salt of a fatty acid while heating to a temperature of at least 160.degree.C and thereafter cooling to recover a solid, glass-like, friable composition, said paraffinic hydrocarbon wax having a drop melting point of at least 110.degree.F, an oil content of not greater than 50 percent by weight and a needle penetration value at 77.degree.F in the range of 1 mm to 20 mm, and said fatty acid being a C.sub.16 -C.sub.24 aliphatic hydrocarbon monocarboxylic acid or mixtures thereof.
Abstract: A process for producing higher molecular weight alcohols by forming a reaction mixture of at least one lower molecular weight primary or secondary alkanol having a methylene group adjacent the hydroxylated carbon atom, an alkali catalyst and a palladium (II) compound, said palladium compound being mixed with the alkanol prior to dissolution of the alkali catalyst therein, and heating the reaction mixture to effect condensation of the alkanol while simultaneously removing water as it forms.
Abstract: An improved process for the suspension polymerization of vinyl chloride homopolymers is accomplished by the addition of small amount of chain extending agent to the polymerization formula allowing the polymerization to be run at a higher temperature thus making better use of the reactor's heat removal capability. More efficient use of initiator is also accomplished while producing polyvinyl chloride having the desired molecular weight dependent physical properties. The process also allows a faster rate of polymerization.
Abstract: An improved method for removing sulfur compounds during coal gas methanation comprising removing essentially all carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide from synthesis gas, then adding carbon dioxide containing lower levels of sulfur back to the gas stream before feeding the mixture to a desulfurization reactor. Carbon dioxide, at levels above about 12 percent, will prevent high temperature methanation runaways in the hydrodesulfurization reactor, where a stream consisting essentially of hydrogen sulfide and methanation materials is produced, the lower level of hydrogen sulfide produced being removed by conventional methods before proceeding to methanation units. The carbon dioxide can be supplied either from an outside source or can be obtained from the synthetic natural gas after methanation.
December 5, 1975
Date of Patent:
August 31, 1976
Continental Oil Company
John N. Dew, Burton M. Casad, Eugene A. Harlacher, Joseph A. Kleinpeter
Abstract: An improved iron catalyst is provided which is useful in catalytically synthesizing hydrocarbons from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. The catalyst comprises a calcined and reduced mixture of magnetite and alumina derived from water hydrolysis of aluminum alkoxides wherein at least 70 wt % of the magnetite has been reduced and the alumina is in the gamma form.
Abstract: The use of a condensation reaction product of (1) meta-cresol, para-cresol or a mixture of meta and para cresols, and (2) an aldehyde defined by R-CHO wherein R is hydrogen or an alkyl group having at least 1 carbon atom as an antioxidant in organic compositions.
Abstract: Polymer deposit or build-up on the interior surfaces of a polymerization vessel during polymerization of monoethylenically unsaturated monomers in aqueous dispersion may be inhibited by adding certain heterocyclic compounds to the dispersion prior to polymerization.
Abstract: A stable oil-soluble metal carboxylate composition for use as an analytical standard for metal-in-oil analysis is provided. The composition is an equilibrium product represented as follows: ##EQU1## WHEREIN M is a metal selected from the group consisting of mercury, vanadium, iron, lead, barium, berylium, tin, silver, titanium, copper, magnesium and sodium; R and R.sub.1 are alkyl radicals containing from about 10 to 18 carbon and mixtures thereof; and, x is an integer equal to the chemical valance of M.
Abstract: Compounds having the general formula: ##EQU1## where R is an alkyl radical substituted by a radical selected from the class consisting of alkoxy, carbonyl and ester radicals. The compounds are useful for reducing blood cholesterol in warm-blooded animals.
Abstract: A polymerization catalyst consisting of a cupric salt, a copper chelating agent, and a cyanide salt is disclosed for polymerizing vinyl monomers. Such a catalyst system is less hazardous than are the persulfate and peroxide catalysts; the molecular weight of the polymer is higher under comparable polymerization conditions; and the catalyst is not consumed by certain impurities which react with the prior art catalyst.
Abstract: Predominantly aliphatic hydrocarbon materials may be obtained from carbonaceous solids by a sequence of steps comprising gasifying the carbonaceous solids, combining the gasification product stream with an internal recycle stream, separating certain impurities from the combined stream followed by cooling to liquefy and separate the hydrocarbon materials while directly reacting the remaining carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to produce the internal recycle stream.
Abstract: C.sub.2 hydrocarbons may be produced from carbon monoxide and hydrogen using an integrated process scheme involving reacting carbon monoxide and hydrogen to produce a hydrocarbon effluent containing hydrogen and subsequently hydropyrolyzing said effluent and recovering C.sub.2 hydrocarbons.