Patents Represented by Attorney D. M. Satina
  • Patent number: 5069762
    Abstract: An apparatus for use in a radial cell-type electrodeposition cell having a radial cathodic conductor roll with a central conductor band for improving the transfer of electric current between the to be plated strip and the conductor band. The apparatus includes a holddown roll which contacts the strip proximate the contact point of the strip and the conductor roll prior to the entry of the strip into the electrolyte bath and a second holddown roll which contacts the strip after the strip has exited from the electrolyte bath. The holddown rolls urge the strip uniformly against the conductor band to improve current transfer to the strip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1991
    Assignee: USX Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas A. Modrowski, Larry E. Pfister, Gregory A. Raybuck, James O. Stoddart
  • Patent number: 4751944
    Abstract: The tube plug comprises a substantially cylindrical sheath closed at one end and having a relatively smooth outer surface and a central cavity. An expandable shell is received within the central cavity of the sheath. An expander member is adapted to expand the shell from within by being axially translated within the shell, the expander member also being adapted to grip the inner surface of the shell to retain the expander member in the expanded position. The outside surface of the shell is preferably provided with a plurality of lands. A second embodiment of the tube plug comprises a sleeve, a closed shell member adapted to be inserted within the sleeve, and an expander member contained within the shell. Upon axial translation of the expander member within the shell, the shell is expanded into contact with the sleeve and the sleeve is expanded into contact with the tube, thereby sealing the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1988
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Susanta Sinha, Robert F. Keating, Lawrence A. Nelson
  • Patent number: 4724298
    Abstract: A system is disclosed for aligning a high-power laser apparatus to transmit a high-power beam along an optimum beam path to an adjustable remote beam receiver and for aligning the beam receiver for optimum reception of the high-power beam. A low-power visible laser is directed along the path to be followed by the high-power laser and a viewer such as a video camera is used for rough alignment. A pellicle, a partially reflecting mirror, and three low-power beam detectors are used with the low-power laser to align the beam transmitter with the beam receiver. Alignment of the beam receiver with the beam transmitter is checked by a high-power laser beam alignment checking system. This alignment checking system employs an annular beam detector mounted near the beam transmitter and a second beam detector mounted near the beam receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1988
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Phillip J. Hawkins, William H. Kasner, Vincent A. Toth
  • Patent number: 4717534
    Abstract: A nuclear fuel rod cladding having a burnable absorber integrally incorporated therein has an outer tubular layer of a zirconium alloy; an intermediate layer, of a thickness less than the outer tubular layer, of a zirconium alloy containing a boron-containing burnable absorber; and an inner layer, of a thickness less than the intermediate layer, of zirconium metal. The layers are bonded together to form a cladding for the containment of nuclear fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1988
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Toshio Morita
  • Patent number: 4698120
    Abstract: Improved quartz barrier means for drawing dendritic silicon web from a silicon melt forms within the quartz crucible a silicon melt replenishment section and a web drawing section. To permit the molten silicon to flow from the melt replenishment section into the web drawing section, aperture means are provided in the form of cut-out sections in the lateral edges of the barrier means. The position of the aperture means above the bottom of the crucible insures an adequate pool of molten silicon to flow into the web drawing section. The position of the aperture means beneath the top level of the molten silicon insures that no unmelted silicon floating on the top of silicon in the replenishment section passes into the web drawing section. The position of the apertures next to the heated side walls of the crucible insure that the melted silicon is heated to an optimum temperature upon passing into the web drawing section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: William C. Higginbotham
  • Patent number: 4695476
    Abstract: A process for forming a boron-containing coating on the internal surface of a zirconium or zirconium alloy hollow tube by heating the internal surface to a temperature of between 200.degree.-450.degree. C. and passing through the tube a mixture of a volatilized boron compound in helium or argon, such that the boron compound decomposes to form an integral boron containing coating on the internal surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Alexander L. Feild, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4694137
    Abstract: A laser welding head for welding a sleeve within a tube by fusing the interface between the sleeve and tube with a laser beam. The laser welding head has a cylindrical housing adapted to be inserted inside of the sleeve, a focusing lens for focusing a laser beam transmitted through the housing, and a welding mirror for directing the focused beam out of the housing and into contact with the sleeve. The welding mirror is maintained a predetermined distance from the inside surface of the sleeve and a motor and drive assembly are used to rotate the welding head within the sleeve. Shield gas is supplied to the welding head and passes about the periphery of the focusing lens for cooling the focusing lens and the welding mirror before being discharged into contact with the weld area. A recessed aperture is provided within the discharge outlet to prevent molten material from the weld site from splattering into the housing and onto the mirror or lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Phillip J. Hawkins, William H. Kasner, Richard A. Miller
  • Patent number: 4694136
    Abstract: A method for welding a sleeve within a tube of a steam generator, the sleeve being in close contact with the tube. A welding head of a weld head apparatus is positioned within the tube at a predetermined weld site, a laser beam is directed to the welding head, the beam is focused with a focusing means, the focused laser beam is reflected with a welding mirror means into contact with a portion of the sleeve to be welded to the tube, the welding mirror means is maintained a predetermined focal distance from the inside surface of the sleeve, and the welding head is rotated to complete a weld fusion path about the inner periphery of the sleeve. Shielding gas is used to shield the weld site. A robotic arm positions the weld head apparatus within the steam generator. At each end of the sleeve, multiple discrete weld paths or a continuous helical multiple weld path are welded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: William H. Kasner, Gerald J. Bruck, Richard A. Miller, Vincent A. Toth
  • Patent number: 4678632
    Abstract: Zirconium alloy or Zircaloy grid straps in a fuel assembly grid have predetermined texture (or grain orientation) to offset stress relaxation which occurs upon irradiation of the grid. Particularly, by providing "f-factor" values of the material greater in generally orthogonal, longitudinal directions of the straps than in the strap height direction, the grid strap material will undergo irradiation shrinkage in the longitudinal directions which will serve to offset stress relaxation and maintain sufficient spring force on the fuel rods extending through the cells formed by the grid straps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Harry M. Ferrari
  • Patent number: 4678629
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a nuclear fuel pellet having two sections: a cylindrical inner pellet inside of an annular outer pellet. The inner pellet is composed of gadolinia and natural or depleted uranium as UO.sub.2. The outer pellet contains enriched uranium as UO.sub.2 but without gadolinia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Frank D. Popa
  • Patent number: 4671826
    Abstract: A zirconium alloy fuel cladding tube is provided, having a uniform composition throughout and an outer annular microstructural layer in a cold worked and stress relieved condition over an inner annular microstructural layer in an essentially fully recrystallized condition.Also described is a method of producing this tubing. This method utilizes an intermediate annealing step in which cold worked tubing is nonuniformly annealed to produce an outer annular layer of essentially fully recrystallized material over an inner layer of cold worked and stress relieved material. Subsequently the nonuniformly annealed material is cold worked and then uniformly annealed to produce the fuel cladding tube described above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: John J. Prizzi
  • Patent number: 4671927
    Abstract: A nuclear fuel rod contains nuclear fuel pellets that have incorporated therein a hybrid burnable absorber that affects a moderation of the burn-out rate of the system containing the rod. The nuclear fuel pellets contain 1 to 20 percent by weight gadolinium oxide and 0.02 to 1.0 percent by weight of boron carbide particles of a size between 20 to 100 microns in diameter, the particles coated with a 0.5 to 10 micron thick coating of a helium gas-impervious coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1984
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Brian H. Alsop
  • Patent number: 4640169
    Abstract: Resharpenable cemented carbide cutting tools which have been treated by ion implantation, as well as a method of making and using these tools, are described. Applicants have found that the benefits of the initial ion implantation on cemented carbide tool life will remain after sharpening of the tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Robert E. Fromson, Ram Kossowsky, Charles S. Nunamaker
  • Patent number: 4634044
    Abstract: This is an article and process which provide the first essentially continuous high tin flow soldering method for attaching copper based fins to copper based tubing. This invention avoids sludge buildup in the reservoir and generally avoids lead carbonate formation when the heat exchanger is in service. In addition, a novel structure is produced having a braze like joint with eta phase layers adjacent to the copper based surfaces. The invention utilizes an essentially lead free, high tin solder cascade onto a preferably cool tube, generally with a limited time of contact between the liquid solder and the tube, and with a combination air quench and wipe to remove excess solder and solidify the remaining solder. Thus a braze like joint is achieved having better heat conduction and closer thermal expansion match. This finned heat exchanger tubing is generally useful for liquid to gas type heat exchangers and especially useful for hydrogen coolers for electrical generators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1987
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Homer G. Hargrove, Jay L. Kratz, Raymond A. Sabatino, Perry A. Weyant
  • Patent number: 4624400
    Abstract: An elongated flexible probe carrier is wound on a take-up reel and is fed therefrom around a feed pulley, being held in frictional engagement with the feed pulley by a plurality of idler rollers on a pivotal support arm. The feed pulley and the take-up reel are both rotatably driven from a single drive motor, respectively through two electromagnetic clutches. The take-up reel clutch is directly coupled to the motor while the feed pulley clutch is coupled to the motor either through a belt and pulley arrangement for rotation in the same direction as the motor or through a gear train for rotation in the opposite direction from the motor. A reversible motor is used with the belt and pulley type coupling. Control means are provided for selectively varying the magnetic coupling forces exerted by the two clutches for control of the feeding and take-up of the carrier without slippage. A position detecting device is coupled to the feed pulley for measuring the movement thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1983
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1986
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: John J. Zimmer
  • Patent number: 4590991
    Abstract: A flexible vibration stabilizer and method for reducing vibration in a tube in a shell and tube heat exchanger wherein the stabilizer is an elongated flexible cable or chain which may have a plurality of rigid members loosely or fixedly mounted thereon. A plug may be used for simultaneously mounting the stabilizer to the tube and for sealing same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 27, 1986
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Frank W. Cooper, Jr., Thomas M. Epperson, Gregory L. Calhoun, Harvey D. Kucherer
  • Patent number: 4590671
    Abstract: A tool for removing split pin remnants which remain in anchor bores in the upper core plate of a nuclear reactor vessel after removal of guide tube assemblies therefrom, includes an elongated mast having parallel tubular members with handle apparatus at the upper end thereof and carrying at the lower end thereof a ram platform having an upstanding pin removal member. The ram platform is dimensioned to be lowered through any one of the guide tube seating apertures in the upper core plate. A locating plate mounted on the mast above the ram platform seats in the seating aperture and accurately positions the ram platform below the upper core plate with the pin driving member in registry with the pin bore. A hydraulic cylinder is mounted on the mast above the locating plate and has a piston rod extending through the locating plate and fixedly secured to the ram platform for moving it up and down to drive the pin from the bore. Hydraulic fluid is carried to and from the cylinder through the mast tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 1984
    Date of Patent: May 27, 1986
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Stephanie M. Havoic-Conroy
  • Patent number: 4586249
    Abstract: An improved fluid mandrel having an eddy current probe connected thereto is disclosed herein. The eddy current probe generally comprises a probe body which is detachably connectable to the bottom of a fluid mandrel on one end, and a source of hydraulic fluid on the other end. The probe body includes a pair of sensing coils which are separated along the longitudinal axis of the body by a distance approximately equal to the thickness of the metallic structure desired to be detected. The improved mandrel finds particular application in performing expansions which eliminate the clearance between heat exchange tubes extending through the baffle plates in nuclear steam generators. In such an application, the sensing coils of the probe are longitudinally spaced the same distance as the thickness of the baffle plates in order to generate a sharp and unambiguous electronic signal indicative of the relative positions of the mandrel and the baffle plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1986
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Annette M. Costlow, David A. Chizmar, Frank W. Cooper
  • Patent number: 4586250
    Abstract: Sleeves inserted in the coolant conductors of a steam generator of a nuclear-reactor plant are rolled by remotely controlled apparatus minimizing the time which personnel must spend within the radioactive environment of the channel head of the steam generator. A sleeve is rolled by a tube provided with rolls which are normally retracted and which, during a rolling operation, are extended into rolling engagement with the sleeve by a rotating tapered mandrel. The mandrel advances into the tube rotating the rolls while progressively increasing the pressure between the rolls and the sleeve. The sleeve is rolled near its upper end and also at its lower end in its region which is within the tube sheet by upper and lower rolling tools. The tube carrying the rolls is moved into the sleeve by a remotely controlled drive. The drive is a low voltage motor for the upper tool and a hydraulically driven piston for the lower tool.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1986
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Frank W. Cooper, Jr., John P. Vogeleer
  • Patent number: 4585946
    Abstract: A self-contained underwater drainage system is disclosed for the automatic draining of water from a container while submerged in a pool of water. The container assembly is constructed of a container for receiving nuclear fuel pellets or other radiation emitting material and a closure to be received within the container. The closure is provided with a liquid egress path communicating between the interior and exterior of the container. A self-contained source of compressed gas within the closure is discharged into the interior of the container for draining the water therefrom through the liquid egress path upon operation of the piston rod by means of its engagement with a portion of the container during use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1986
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventor: Kurt I. Snyder