Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Daniel D. Park
  • Patent number: 6827296
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method an apparatus for atomizing liquids. In particular, the present invention relates to a method and apparatus for atomizing heavy hydrocarbon fuels such as diesel, as part of a fuel reforming process. During normal operating conditions the fuel is atomized by a high pressure fluid. Under start-up conditions when only a low pressure gas is available the fuel films across part of the nozzle and is subsequently atomized by a radially directed low pressure dispersion gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Vincent J. Novick, Rajesh K. Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 6761761
    Abstract: A ceramic composition having at least one nanometric ceramic powder, at least one lower saccharide, and water. The composition is useful in many industrial applications, including preparation of stronger and substantially defect-free green and sintered ceramic bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Christopher H. Schilling, Piotr Tomasik, Marek Sikora
  • Patent number: 6752007
    Abstract: An horizontal advanced tensiometer is described that allows the monitoring of the water pressure of soil positions, particularly beneath objects or materials that inhibit the use of previous monitoring wells. The tensiometer includes a porous cup, a pressure transducer (with an attached gasket device), an adaptive chamber, at least one outer guide tube which allows access to the desired horizontal position, a transducer wire, a data logger and preferably an inner guide tube and a specialized joint which provides pressure on the inner guide tube to maintain the seal between the gasket of the transducer and the adaptive chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Joel M. Hubbell, James B. Sisson
  • Patent number: 6751288
    Abstract: A detector for time-resolved small-angle x-ray scattering includes a nearly constant diameter, evacuated linear tube having an end plate detector with a first fluorescent screen and concentric rings of first fiber optic bundles for low angle scattering detection and an annular detector having a second fluorescent screen and second fiber optic bundles concentrically disposed about the tube for higher angle scattering detection. With the scattering source, i.e., the specimen under investigation, located outside of the evacuated tube on the tube's longitudinal axis, scattered x-rays are detected by the fiber optic bundles, to each of which is coupled a respective photodetector, to provide a measurement resolution, i.e., dq/q, where q is the momentum transferred from an incident x-ray to an x-ray scattering specimen, of 2% over two (2) orders of magnitude in reciprocal space, i.e., qmax/qmin≅100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2004
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Jan P. Hessler
  • Patent number: 6635375
    Abstract: A solid oxide fuel cell arrangement and method of use that provides internal preheating of both fuel and air in order to maintain the optimum operating temperature for the production of energy. The internal preheat passes are created by the addition of two plates, one on either side of the bipolar plate, such that these plates create additional passes through the fuel cell. This internal preheat fuel cell configuration and method reduce the requirements for external heat exchanger units and air compressors. Air or fuel may be added to the fuel cell as required to maintain the optimum operating temperature through a cathode control valve or an anode control valve, respectively. A control loop comprises a temperature sensing means within the preheat air and fuel passes, a means to compare the measured temperature to a set point temperature and a determination based on the comparison as to whether the control valves should allow additional air or fuel into the preheat or bypass manifolds of the fuel cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Rodney A. Geisbrecht, Mark C. Williams
  • Patent number: 6620763
    Abstract: This process produces a sorbent for use in desulfurization of coal gas. A zinc titanate compound and a metal oxide are mixed by milling the compounds in an aqueous medium, the resulting mixture is dried and then calcined, crushed, sleved and formed into pellets for use in a moving-bed reactor. Metal oxides suitable for use as an additive in this process include: magnesium oxide, magnesium oxide plus molybdenum oxide, calcium oxide, yttrium oxide, hafnium oxide, zirconium oxide, cupric oxide, and tin oxide. The resulting sorbent has a percentage of the original zinc or titanium ions substituted for the oxide metal of the chosen additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Venkat S. Venkataramani, Raul E. Ayala
  • Patent number: 6387337
    Abstract: A process to remove carbon dioxide from a gas stream using a cross-flow, or a moving-bed reactor. In the reactor the gas contacts an active material that is an alkali-metal compound, such as an alkali-metal carbonate, alkali-metal oxide, or alkali-metal hydroxide; or in the alternative, an alkaline-earth metal compound, such as an alkaline-earth metal carbonate, alkaline-earth metal oxide, or alkaline-earth metal hydroxide. The active material can be used by itself or supported on a substrate of carbon, alumina, silica, titania or aluminosilicate. When the active material is an alkali-metal compound, the carbon-dioxide reacts with the metal compound to generate bicarbonate. When the active material is an alkaline-earth metal, the carbon dioxide reacts with the metal compound to generate carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Henry W. Pennline, James S. Hoffman
  • Patent number: 6222373
    Abstract: Leaks are detected in a multi-layered geomembrane liner by a two-dimensional time domain reflectometry (TDR) technique. The TDR geomembrane liner is constructed with an electrically conductive detection layer positioned between two electrically non-conductive dielectric layers, which are each positioned between the detection layer and an electrically conductive reference layer. The integrity of the TDR geomembrane liner is determined by generating electrical pulses within the detection layer and measuring the time delay for any reflected electrical energy caused by absorption of moisture by a dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2001
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: John L. Morrison
  • Patent number: 6150580
    Abstract: A waste destruction method using a reactor vessel to combust and destroy organic and combustible waste, including the steps of introducing a supply of waste into the reactor vessel, introducing a supply of an oxidant into the reactor vessel to mix with the waste forming a waste and oxidant mixture, introducing a supply of water into the reactor vessel to mix with the waste and oxidant mixture forming a waste, water and oxidant mixture, reciprocatingly compressing the waste, water and oxidant mixture forming a compressed mixture, igniting the compressed mixture forming a exhaust gas, and venting the exhaust gas into the surrounding atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Stuart K. Janikowski
  • Patent number: 6037596
    Abstract: A photoconductive, high energy photon beam detector/monitor for detecting x-rays and gamma radiation, having a thin, disk-shaped diamond substrate with a first and second surface, and electrically conductive coatings, or electrodes, of a predetermined configuration or pattern, disposed on the surfaces of the substrate. A voltage source and a current amplifier is connected to the electrodes to provide a voltage bias to the electrodes and to amplify signals from the detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2000
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Deming Shu, Tuncer M. Kuzay
  • Patent number: 6008491
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for analyzing the surface characteristics of a sample by Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) and Mass Spectroscopy of Recoiled Ions (MSRI) is provided. The method includes detecting back scattered primary ions, low energy ejected species, and high energy ejected species by ion beam surface analysis techniques comprising positioning a ToF SIMS/MSRI mass analyzer at a predetermined angle .theta., where .theta. is the angle between the horizontal axis of the mass analyzer and the undeflected primary ion beam line, and applying a specific voltage to the back ring of the analyzer. Preferably, .theta. is less than or equal to about 120.degree. and, more preferably, equal to 74.degree.. For positive ion analysis, the extractor, lens, and front ring of the reflectron are set at negative high voltages (-HV). The back ring of the reflectron is set at greater than about +700V for MSRI measurements and between the range of about +15 V and about +50V for SIMS measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Vincent S. Smentkowski, Dieter M. Gruen, Alan R. Krauss, J. Albert Schultz, John C. Holecek
  • Patent number: 5994660
    Abstract: A method for joining metal-matrix composites (MMCs) by using high power x-rays as a volumetric heat source is provided. The method involves directing an x-ray to the weld line between two adjacent MMCs materials to create an irradiated region or melt zone. The x-rays have a power density greater than about 10.sup.4 watts/cm.sup.2 and provide the volumetric heat required to join the MMC materials. Importantly, the reinforcing material of the metal-matrix composites remains uniformly distributed in the melt zone, and the strength of the MMCs are not diminished. In an alternate embodiment, high power x-rays are used to provide the volumetric heat required to weld metal elements, including metal elements comprised of metal alloys. In an alternate embodiment, high power x-rays are used to provide the volumetric heat required to weld metal elements, including metal elements comprised of metal alloys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Assignee: U.S. Department of Energy
    Inventors: Richard A. Rosenberg, George A. Goeppner, John R. Noonan, William J. Farrell, Qing Ma
  • Patent number: 5939324
    Abstract: Performance evaluation soil samples and method of their preparation using encapsulation technology to encapsulate analytes which are introduced into a soil matrix for analysis and evaluation by analytical laboratories. Target analytes are mixed in an appropriate solvent at predetermined concentrations. The mixture is emulsified in a solution of polymeric film forming material. The emulsified solution is polymerized to form microcapsules. The microcapsules are recovered, quantitated and introduced into a soil matrix in a predetermined ratio to form soil samples with the desired analyte concentration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: James R. Dahlgran
  • Patent number: 5929567
    Abstract: A cavity structure having at least two opposing planar housing members spaced apart to accommodate the passage of a particle beam through the structure between the members. Each of the housing members have a plurality of serially aligned hollows defined therein, and also passages, formed in the members, which interconnect serially adjacent hollows to provide communication between the hollows. The opposing planar housing members are spaced and aligned such that the hollows in one member cooperate with corresponding hollows in the other member to form a plurality of resonant cavities aligned along the particle beam within the cavity structure. To facilitate the obtaining of a constant field gradient within the cavity structure, the passages are configured so as to be incrementally narrower in the direction of travel of the particle beam. In addition, the spacing distance between the opposing housing members is configured to be incrementally smaller in the direction of travel of the beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Yoon W. Kang, Robert L. Kustom
  • Patent number: 5821201
    Abstract: A (BiPb).sub.2 Sr.sub.2 Ca.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x (Bi223) superconductor with high J.sub.c, phase purity, density and mechanical strength is formed from Bi2223 powder which is synthesized from a mixture of Bi.sub.2 O.sub.3, PbO, SrCO.sub.3, CaCo.sub.3 and CuO. The mixture is milled, then dried and calcined to synthesize the Bi2223 powder with the desired phase purity. The calcination is performed by heating the dried mixture for 50 hours at 840.degree. C. The partially synthesized powder is then milled for 1-4 hours before calcining further for another 50 hours at 855.degree. C. to complete the synthesis. After calcination, the Bi2223 powder is cold pressed to a predetermined density and sinter forged under controlled temperature and time to form a Bi2223 superconductor with the desired superconducting properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Nan Chen, Kenneth C. Goretta, Michael T. Lanagan
  • Patent number: 5441569
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for depositing durable coatings onto the surface of a substrate without heating the entire substrate to high temperatures by using lasers to heat the substrate and dissociate a deposition gas. The apparatus comprises a deposition chamber for enclosing the substrate upon which a coating is to be deposited, gas delivery means for directing a flow of deposition gas on the substrate, a first laser for heating the substrate, and a second laser for irradiating the deposition gas to dissociate the gas. The method includes placing a substrate within a vacuum deposition chamber and directing a flow of deposition gas on the substrate. Then the substrate is heated with a first laser while the deposition gas is irradiated with a second laser to dissociate the deposition gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: James T. Veligdan, Peter Vanier, Robert E. Barletta
  • Patent number: 5434063
    Abstract: A method for sequential cloning of chromosomal DNA of a target organism is disclosed. A first DNA segment homologous to the chromosomal DNA to be sequentially cloned is isolated. The first segment has a first restriction enzyme site on either side. A first vector product is formed by ligating the homologous segment into a suitably designed vector. The first vector product is circularly integrated into the target organism's chromosomal DNA. The resulting integrated chromosomal DNA segment includes the homologous DNA segment at either end of the integrated vector segment. The integrated chromosomal DNA is cleaved with a second restriction enzyme and ligated to form a vector-containing plasmid, which is replicated in a host organism. The replicated plasmid is then cleaved with the first restriction enzyme. Next, a DNA segment containing the vector and a segment of DNA homologous to a distal portion of the previously isolated DNA segment is isolated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Sanford A. Lacks
  • Patent number: 5404763
    Abstract: An atmospheric gas sampler with a multi-port valve which allows for multi, sequential sampling of air through a plurality of gas sampling tubes mounted in corresponding gas inlet ports. The gas sampler comprises a flow-through housing which defines a sampling chamber and includes a gas outlet port to accommodate a flow of gases through the housing. An apertured sample support plate defining the inlet ports extends across and encloses the sampling chamber and supports gas sampling tubes which depend into the sampling chamber and are secured across each of the inlet ports of the sample support plate in a flow-through relation to the flow of gases through the housing during sampling operations. A normally closed stopper means mounted on the sample support plate and operatively associated with each of the inlet ports blocks the flow of gases through the respective gas sampling tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Department of Energy
    Inventor: S. Frederic Guggenheim
  • Patent number: 5385026
    Abstract: An apparatus for supporting at least one inner cryogenic fluid containment system within an outer isolating enclosure to retard heat transfer into the inner containment system comprising a plurality of supports serially interconnected and laterally spaced by lateral connections to extend the heat conduction path into the inner containment system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1995
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Burt X. Zhang, Venkatarao Ganni, Kirk E. Stifle
  • Patent number: 5378631
    Abstract: A method of separating strontium from a sample of biomass potentially contaminated with various radionuclides. After the sample is reduced, dissociated, and carried on a first precipitate of actinides, the first precipitate is removed to leave a supernate. Next, oxalic acid is added to the supernate to cause a second precipitate of strontium and calcium. Then, after separating the second precipitate, nitric acid is added to the second precipitate to cause a third precipitate of strontium. The calcium remains in solution and is discarded to leave essentially the precipitate of strontium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Dianne K. Kester