Patents Represented by Attorney David S. Zachry
  • Patent number: 4287305
    Abstract: Live metabolically active microorganisms are immobilized on a solid support by contacting particles of aggregate material with a water dispersible polyelectrolyte such as gelatin, crosslinking the polyelectrolyte by reacting it with a crosslinking agent such as glutaraldehyde to provide a crosslinked coating on the particles of aggregate material, contacting the coated particles with live microorganisms and incubating the microorganisms in contact with the crosslinked coating to provide a coating of metabolically active microorganisms. The immobilized microorganisms have continued growth and reproduction functions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Alicia L. Compere, William L. Griffith
  • Patent number: 4276063
    Abstract: Fully chlorinated and/or fluorinated hydrocarbons are used as gas scrubbing liquids for preventing noxious gas emissions to the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1977
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1981
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Walter J. Lackey, Robert S. Lowrie, John D. Sease
  • Patent number: 4095650
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the production of relatively high Btu gas by the in situ combustion of subterranean coal. The coal bed is penetrated with a horizontally-extending borehole and combustion is initiated in the coal bed contiguous to the borehole. The absolute pressure within the resulting combustion zone is then regulated at a desired value near the pore pressure within the coal bed so that selected quantities of water naturally present in the coal will flow into the combustion zone to effect a hydrogen and carbon monoxide-producing steam-carbon reaction with the hot carbon in the combustion zone for increasing the calorific value of the product gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1977
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1978
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Lowell Z. Shuck
  • Patent number: 4077838
    Abstract: An improved nuclear fuel kernel having at least one pyrolytic carbon coating and a silicon carbon layer is provided in which extensive interaction of fission product lanthanides with the silicon carbon layer is avoided by providing sufficient UO.sub.2 to maintain the lanthanides as oxides during in-reactor use of said fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1976
    Date of Patent: March 7, 1978
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy
    Inventors: Terrence B. Lindemer, Ernest L. Long, Jr., Ronald L. Beatty
  • Patent number: 4057678
    Abstract: A high temperature secondary battery comprises an anode containing lithium, a cathode containing a chalcogen or chalcogenide, a molten salt electrolyte containing lithium ions, and a separator comprising a porous sheet comprising a homogenous mixture of 2-20 wt.% chrysotile asbestos fibers and the remainder inorganic material non-reactive with the battery components. The non-reactive material is present as fibers, powder, or a fiber-powder mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1977
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Robert D. Walker, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4030085
    Abstract: A nonferromagnetic linear variable differential transformer for accurately measuring mechanical displacements in the presence of high magnetic fields is provided. The device utilizes a movable primary coil inside a fixed secondary coil that consists of two series-opposed windings. Operation is such that the secondary output voltage is maintained in phase (depending on polarity) with the primary voltage. The transducer is well-suited to long cable runs and is useful for measuring small displacements in the presence of high or alternating magnetic fields.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventors: James F. Ellis, Peter L. Walstrom
  • Patent number: 4028096
    Abstract: Contamination of metals from crucible materials during melting operations is reduced by coating the interior surface of the crucible with a ceramic non-reactive with the metallic charge and disposing a metal liner formed from a portion of the metallic charge within the coated crucible. The liner protects the ceramic coating during loading of the remainder of the charge and expands against the ceramic coating during heat-up to aid in sintering the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventors: John G. Banker, Hubert L. Wigginton
  • Patent number: 4028545
    Abstract: A method of simulating small spherical voids in metal is provided. The method entails drilling or etching a hemispherical depression of the desired diameter in each of two sections of metal, the sections being flat plates or different diameter cylinders. A carbon bead is placed in one of the hemispherical voids and is used as a guide to align the second hemispherical void with that in the other plate. The plates are then bonded together with epoxy, tape or similar material and the two aligned hemispheres form a sphere within the material; thus a void of a known size has been created. This type of void can be used to simulate a pore in the development of radiographic techniques of actual voids (porosity) in welds and serve as a radiographic standard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1976
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Billy E. Foster
  • Patent number: 4027165
    Abstract: This invention relates to an improved smoke-detection system of the ionization-chamber type. In the preferred embodiment, the system utilizes a conventional detector head comprising a measuring ionization chamber, a reference ionization chamber, and a normally non-conductive gas triode for discharging when a threshold concentration of airborne particulates is present in the measuring chamber. The improved system utilizes a measuring ionization chamber which is modified to minimize false alarms and reductions in sensitivity resulting from changes in ambient temperature. In the preferred form of the modification, an annular radiation shield is mounted about the usual radiation source provided to effect ionization in the measuring chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Martin E. Jacobs
  • Patent number: 4026790
    Abstract: A method is described for the efficient stripping of stable complexes of a selected quaternary amine and a cyanide of Zn or Cd. An alkali metal hydroxide solution such as NaOH or KOH will quantitatively strip a pregnant extract of the quaternary ammonium complex of its metal and cyanide content and regenerate a quaternary ammonium hydroxide salt which can be used for extracting further metal cyanide values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1975
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Fletcher L. Moore
  • Patent number: 4026142
    Abstract: This invention is an improved system for the vibration-testing of cantilevered non-ferrous articles by inducing eddy currents therein. The principal advantage of the system is that relatively little heat is generated in the article being vibrated. Thus, a more accurate measurement of the fatigue characteristics of the article is obtained. Furthermore, the generation of relatively little heat in the blade permits tests to be conducted in low-pressure atmospheres simulating certain actual processes environments.Heat-generation in the vibrated article is minimized by utilizing eddy currents which are generated by an electromagnet whose magnetic field varies but does not change polarity. The typical winding for the electromagnet is excited with pulsating d.c. That is, the winding is alternately charged by connecting it across a d.c. power supply and then discharged by connecting it across a circuit for receiving current generated in the winding by self-induction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Martin E. Jacobs
  • Patent number: 4026356
    Abstract: The method of the present invention relates to providing controlled directional bores in subterranean earth formations, especially coal beds for facilitating in situ gasification operations. Boreholes penetrating the coal beds are interconnected by laser-drilled bores disposed in various arrays at selected angles to the major permeability direction in the coal bed. These laser-drilled bores are enlarged by fracturing prior to the gasification of the coal bed to facilitate the establishing of combustion zones of selected configurations in the coal bed for maximizing the efficiency of the gasification operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1977
    Assignee: The United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Lowell Z. Shuck
  • Patent number: 4025317
    Abstract: The subject development is directed to an apparatus for feeding pulverized coal into a coal gasifier operating at relatively high pressures and elevated temperatures. This apparatus is a rotary piston feeder which comprises a circular casing having a coal loading opening therein diametrically opposed from a coal discharge and contains a rotatable discoid rotor having a cylinder in which a reciprocateable piston is disposed. The reciprocation of the piston within the cylinder is provided by a stationary conjugate cam arrangement whereby the pulverized coal from a coal hopper at atmospheric pressure can be introduced into the cylinder cavity and then discharged therefrom into the high-pressure gasifier without the loss of high pressure gases from within the latter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Hasan T. Gencsoy
  • Patent number: 4025602
    Abstract: A method of separating actinide values from nitric acid waste solutions resulting from reprocessing of irradiated nuclear fuels comprises oxalate precipitation of the major portion of actinide and lanthanide values to provide a trivalent fraction suitable for subsequent actinide/lanthanide partition, exchange of actinide and lanthanide values in the supernate onto a suitable cation exchange resin to provide an intermediate-lived raffinate waste stream substantially free of actinides, and elution of the actinide values from the exchange resin. The eluate is then used to dissolve the trivalent oxalate fraction prior to actinide/lanthanide partition or may be combined with the reprocessing waste stream and recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 24, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by The United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventors: David O. Campbell, Samuel R. Buxton
  • Patent number: 4021669
    Abstract: A gamma analyzer system is provided for the analysis of nuclear fuel microspheres and other radioactive particles. The system consists of an analysis turntable with means for loading, in sequence, a plurality of stations within the turntable; a gamma ray detector for determining the spectrum of a sample in one section; means for analyzing the spectrum; and a receiver turntable to collect the analyzed material in stations according to the spectrum analysis. Accordingly, particles may be sorted according to their quality; e.g., fuel particles with fractured coatings may be separated from those that are not fractured, or according to other properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventors: Kenneth H. Valentine, Ernest L. Long, Jr., Melvin G. Willey
  • Patent number: 4021021
    Abstract: A system for wetting fine dry powders such as bentonite clay with water or other liquids is described. The system includes a wetting tank for receiving water and a continuous flow of fine powder feed. The wetting tank has a generally square horizontal cross section with a bottom end closure in the shape of an inverted pyramid. Positioned centrally within the wetting tank is a flow control cylinder which is supported from the walls of the wetting tank by means of radially extending inclined baffles. A variable speed motor drives a first larger propeller positioned immediately below the flow control cylinder in a direction which forces liquid filling the tank to flow downward through the flow control cylinder and a second smaller propeller positioned below the larger propeller having a reverse pitch to oppose the flow of liquid being driven downward by the larger propeller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1976
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1977
    Inventors: James E. Hall, Everett H. Williams
  • Patent number: 4019157
    Abstract: This invention relates to high power gas lasers that are adapted to be tuned to a desired lasing wavelength through the use of a gas cell to lower the gain at a natural lasing wavelength and "seeding" the laser with a beam from a low power laser which is lasing at the desired wavelength. This tuning is accomplished with no loss of power and produces a pulse with an altered pulse shape. It is potentially applicable to all gas lasers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventors: Donald P. Hutchinson, Kenneth L. Vandersluis
  • Patent number: 4018663
    Abstract: An improved coal liquefaction process is provided which enables conversion of a coal-oil slurry to a synthetic crude refinable to produce larger yields of gasoline and diesel oil. The process is characterized by a two-step operation applied to the slurry prior to catalytic desulfurization and hydrogenation in which the slurry undergoes partial hydrogenation to crack and hydrogenate asphaltenes and the partially hydrogenated slurry is filtered to remove minerals prior to subsequent catalytic hydrogenation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventor: Clarence Karr, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4016768
    Abstract: This invention comprises a rotatable annular probe-positioner which carries at least one radially disposed sensing probe, such as a Pitot tube having a right-angled tip. The positioner can be coaxially and rotatably mounted within a compressor casing or the like and then actuated to orient the sensing probe as required to make measurements at selected stations in the annulus between the positioner and compressor casing. The positioner can be actuated to (a) selectively move the probe along its own axis, (b) adjust the yaw angle of the right-angled probe tip, and (c) revolve the probe about the axis common to the positioner and casing. A cam plate engages a cam-follower portion of the probe and normally rotates with the positioner. The positioner includes a first-motor-driven ring gear which effects slidable movement of the probe by rotating the positioner at a time when an external pneumatic cylinder is actuated to engage the cam plate and hold it stationary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventors: Douglas N. Mashburn, Richard H. Stevens, Harold C. Woodall
  • Patent number: 4017417
    Abstract: A method for immobilizing fission product radioactive iodine recovered from irradiated nuclear fuel comprises combining material comprising water, Portland cement and about 3-20 wt. % iodine as Ba(IO.sub.3).sub.2 to provide a fluid mixture and allowing the fluid mixture to harden, said Ba(IO.sub.3).sub.2 comprising said radioactive iodine. An article for solid waste disposal comprises concrete prepared by this method.BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTIONThis invention was made in the course of, or under a contract with the Energy Research and Development Administration. It relates in general to reactor waste solidification and more specifically to the immobilization of fission product radioactive iodine recovered from irradiated nuclear fuel for underground storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1976
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1977
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the United States Energy Research and Development Administration
    Inventors: Walter E. Clark, Clarence T. Thompson